优质 ⭐2022红宝书考研词汇(必考词+基础词+超纲词)
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只是只猫 发布时间:2021-07-23 00:22:26

2022红宝书考研词汇(必考词+基础词+超纲词)

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正面:remote
US:[rɪˈmot]
UK:[rɪˈməʊt]
释义:adj.偏远的;偏僻的;遥远的;久远的网络远程;远端;遥控器
分布:remote[rɪˈməʊt]级别:remoter, remotestCET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLj27951229013882360378821592595n325871421529631817ADJ1910719471NOUN1941013849Spoken:262913246remotest[225]偏僻的(43%),遥远的(40%),远程的(11%),远程操作(6%)n.远程adj.遥远的;偏僻的;疏远的
中文释义:remote adjective  /rɪˈməʊt/ /rɪˈməʊt/(comparative remoter, superlative remotest) place地点  far away from places where other people live偏远的;偏僻的 synonym isolateda remote village/island/location/regiona remote community a remote part of the countrya remote beach偏远的海滩one of the remotest areas of the world世界上最荒僻的地区之一The area is remote, mountainous, and roadless. remote from something The site is remote from major population centres.The farmhouse is remote from any other buildings.这家农舍附近没有别的房屋。Extra Examplesgeographically remote areasrural areas that are relatively remoteOxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsappearbefeel…adverbextremelyfairlyvery…prepositionfromSee full entry time时间  [only before noun] far away in time遥远的;久远的 synonym distantin the remote past/future在遥远的过去/将来a remote ancestor (= who lived a long time ago)远祖There are many facts about the remote past and the remote future that we cannot know.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsappearbefeel…adverbextremelyfairlyvery…prepositionfromSee full entry relatives亲戚[only before noun] (of people人) not closely related关系较远的;远亲的 synonym distanta remote cousin远房表亲 computer/system计算机;系统that you can connect to from far away, using an electronic link远程的;远程连接的a remote terminal/database/server different不同remote (from something) very different from something相差很大的;极不相同的His theories are somewhat remote from reality.他的理论有点儿脱离现实。A novel should not be too remote from the experiences of its readers.Jane felt remote from what was going on around her.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsappearbefeel…adverbextremelyfairlyvery…prepositionfromSee full entry not friendly不友好(of people or their behaviour人或行为) not very friendly or interested in other people不很友好的;冷漠的When he spoke, his voice was cold and remote.He somehow remains a remote figure. synonym aloof, distant very small微小not very great细微的;微小的 synonym slightThere is still a remote chance that they will find her alive.他们仍然有一线希望能把她活着找到。I don't have the remotest idea what you're talking about.你在说什么我一点儿都不懂。At that time, a new school building was just a remote dream.a fairly remote possibilityOxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsappearbefeel…adverbextremelyfairlyvery…prepositionfromSee full entry Word Originlate Middle English (in the sense ‘far apart’): from Latin remotus ‘removed’, past participle of removere, from re- ‘back’ + movere ‘to move’.remote noun /rɪˈməʊt/ /rɪˈməʊt/(also zapper) (informal) a remote control (= a device that allows you to operate a television, etc. from a distance)关系较远的;远亲的The remote's not working.Word Originlate Middle English (in the sense ‘far apart’): from Latin remotus ‘removed’, past participle of removere, from re- ‘back’ + movere ‘to move’.
断词:re‧mote
词源: remote  1 remote:遥远的;偏僻的词根词缀: re-向后,相反 + -mot-移动 + -e  2 remote:遥远的,远程的re-,向后,往回,-mot,移动,词源同 motion,remove.比喻用法。  3 remote:遥远的,远程的re-,向后,往回,-mot,移动,词源同 motion,remove.比喻用法。
辨析: distant, far, remote 这组词都有“远的”的意思,其区别是: distant: 语意最强,强调距离。 far: 除特殊情况外,侧重长距离。也可用作引申意义。 remote: 侧重指离中心地有利的地方很远。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:1
中文释义2:
正面:remove
US:[rɪˈmuv]
UK:[rɪˈmu:v]
释义:v.去除;去掉;移开;免除n.距离;差距;间距网络移除;删除;移动
分布:remove[rɪˈmu:v]removed, removing, removesCET4CET6TEM4考研GREn305021511250271646v877488575170813916467103888693VERB4773075303NOUN234368830Spoken:105248275removed[17716] removes[954] removing[3845]消除(76%),脱掉(16%),免除(4%),搬迁(4%)n.移动;距离;搬家vt.移动,迁移;开除;调动vi.移动,迁移;搬家
中文释义:remove verb OPAL W /rɪˈmuːv/ /rɪˈmuːv/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they remove /rɪˈmuːv/ /rɪˈmuːv/ he / she / it removes /rɪˈmuːvz/ /rɪˈmuːvz/ past simple removed /rɪˈmuːvd/ /rɪˈmuːvd/ past participle removed /rɪˈmuːvd/ /rɪˈmuːvd/ -ing form removing /rɪˈmuːvɪŋ/ /rɪˈmuːvɪŋ/Idioms   to take somebody/something away from a place移开;拿开;去掉;从…机构开除 remove somebody/something Illegally parked vehicles will be removed.非法停放的车辆将被拖走。 remove somebody/something from somebody/something He removed his hand from her shoulder.他将手从她的肩膀上拿开。Three children were removed from the school for persistent bad behaviour.三个孩子因一再行为不检被学校开除。Remove the pan from the heat and continue to stir the sauce.Extra ExamplesFittings should be completely removed for cleaning.She removed the dirty dishes from the table.The old cladding can be easily removed using a claw hammer.people who have been forcibly removed from their homesOxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbaltogethercompletelyentirely…verb + removetry tobe possible tobe difficult to…prepositionforfromwith…See full entry   remove something to take off clothing, etc. from the body脱去(衣服等);摘下She removed her glasses and rubbed her eyes.她摘下眼镜,揉了揉眼睛。Passengers no longer have to remove their shoes during security checks.Topics Clothes and Fashiona2   to get rid of something unpleasant, dirty, etc.; to make something disappear去除,排除(污渍、不愉快的事物等);使消失 remove something She has had the tumour removed.她已经将肿瘤切除了。She had surgery to remove the two tumours. to remove problems/obstacles/objections解决问题;排除障碍;消除异议Considerable progress has been made in removing barriers to trade within the EU.The news removed any doubts about the company's future.这个消息消除了一切有关公司前景的疑虑。This comment has been removed by a moderator. remove something from somebody/something The police instructed the author to remove the offending material from the website.She asked for her name to be removed from the list of candidates.It was impossible to remove the stain from the tablecloth.Extra Examplesthe best way to remove stainsThese stains can be difficult to remove.Unsightly moles can be removed surgically.Bee stings should be removed with tweezers.By producing an heir, the Queen effectively removed her cousin's hopes of succeeding to the throne.The proposed law would remove at a stroke the long-cherished right to trial by jury.Translation software should effectively remove all barriers to communication between people.A subsequent agreement removed the major obstacles to negotiations.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbaltogethercompletelyentirely…verb + removetry tobe possible tobe difficult to…prepositionforfromwith…See full entry remove somebody from something to dismiss somebody from their position or job免除,解除(职务等)The elections removed the government from power.这几次选举使得政府倒台。Extra ExamplesAfter his arrest on corruption charges, he was immediately removed as party president.Only the college's governing body can remove him from office.The shareholders of a company have the power to remove the board. Word OriginMiddle English (as a verb): from the Old French stem remov-, from Latin removere, from re- ‘back’ + movere ‘to move’.Idioms be far/further/furthest removed from something to be very different from something; to not be connected with something与…大相径庭;与…不相干Many of these books are far removed from the reality of the children's lives.很多这样的书都远远地脱离了孩子们的现实生活。 once, twice, etc. removed (of a cousin堂亲或表亲) belonging to a different generation上代的;下代的He's my cousin's son so he's my first cousin once removed.他是我表兄弟的儿子,所以他是低我一辈的表亲。 remove noun /rɪˈmuːv/ /rɪˈmuːv/[countable, uncountable] (formal) an amount by which two things are separated距离;差距;间距Charlotte seemed to be living at one remove from reality.夏洛特好像生活在现实之外。Word OriginMiddle English (as a verb): from the Old French stem remov-, from Latin removere, from re- ‘back’ + movere ‘to move’.
断词:re‧move
词源: remove  1 remove:免除;移开;除去,去掉词根词缀: re-再 + -mov-移动 + -e动词词尾  2 remove:移除,去除re-,向后,离开,move,移动,运动。引申词义移除,去除等。  3 remove:移除,去除re-,向后,离开,move,移动,运动。引申词义移除,去除等。
辨析: transfer, remove, shift, move 这组词都有“从一处移往另一处”的意思,其区别是: transfer: 一般表示转送或移交迁移,尤指交通运输中的换乘或职务的调动等。 remove: 作“移动”解时,与move可换用,还可指撤职或开除学藉等。 shift: 侧重位置与方向的改变。 move: 普通用词,指从一处到另一外的任何距离的转移。 remove, expel, eliminate, dismiss 这组词都有“开除,驱出,去掉”的意思,其区别是: remove: 普通用词,不带任何感情色彩。 expel: 多指强行解除公职或驱出住地。 eliminate: 通常指例行的、有步骤地去掉某物或某人。 dismiss: 既可指突然地迅速地排除,也可指解雇或开除。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:2
中文释义2:
正面:removal
US:[rɪˈmuvəl]
UK:[rɪˈmu:vəl]
释义:n.去除;消除;清除;除去网络移动;迁移;拆除
分布:removal[rɪˈmu:vl]CET4CET6TEM4考研IELTSn4755596456324212529092998NOUN2938415275Spoken:74052455除去(43%),搬迁(23%),移动(21%),开除(13%)n.免职;移动;排除;搬迁
中文释义:removal noun OPAL W /rɪˈmuːvl/ /rɪˈmuːvl/  [uncountable] the act of taking somebody/something away from a particular place移动;调动;去除Clearance of the site required the removal of a number of trees.清理这一场所需要移走不少树。the removal of a tumour肿瘤切除Allegations of abuse led to the removal of several children from their families.Extra ExamplesHis condition required the removal of a kidney.In a symbolic move, the new government ordered the removal of the dictator's statue.The law does not allow the removal of sand from the beach.the forcible removal of the protesters' barricadesthe process of laser hair removalto arrange for the removal and disposal of wasteOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecompletetotalwholesale…verb + removalcall fordemandseek…prepositionremoval fromremoval tophrasesremoval from officeSee full entry  [uncountable] the act of getting rid of something除去;消除;清除stain removal清除污渍the removal of trade barriers贸易壁垒的消除Extra ExamplesThe programme required the removal of government subsidies.a liquid for the easy removal of coffee stainsOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecompletetotalwholesale…verb + removalcall fordemandseek…prepositionremoval fromremoval tophrasesremoval from officeSee full entry [uncountable] the act of dismissing somebody from their job免职;解职 synonym dismissalevents leading to the removal of the president from office导致总统下台的一些事件Extra ExamplesThey demanded her removal from office.his immediate removal from powerOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecompletetotalwholesale…verb + removalcall fordemandseek…prepositionremoval fromremoval tophrasesremoval from officeSee full entry [countable] (British English) an act of taking furniture, etc. from one house to another搬迁;迁移house removals搬家a removal company/firm搬家公司When are the removal men coming?搬家工人什么时候到?the collection's temporary removal to storage
断词:re‧mov‧al
词源: removalremoval:除去;移动,迁居 词根词缀: re-离开 + -mov-移动 + -al名词词尾
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:3
中文释义2:
正面:remain
US:[rɪˈmen]
UK:[rɪˈmeɪn]
释义:v.逗留;剩余;遗留;继续存在linkv.仍然是;保持不变n.遗迹;剩余物;余额;残余人物网络留下;剩下;停留
分布:remain[rɪˈmeɪn]remained, remaining, remainsCET4CET6TEM4考研v426989341062312688223532291130359VERB5872631262Spoken:69084667remained[8581] remaining[10874] remains[26177]保持(61%),依然(12%),留下(8%),剩余(5%),逗留(5%),残骸(3%),剩余物(3%),遗迹(3%)n.遗迹;剩余物,残骸vi.保持;依然;留下;剩余;逗留;残存
中文释义:remain verb  /rɪˈmeɪn/ /rɪˈmeɪn/(rather formal) not usually used in the progressive tenses通常不用于进行时Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they remain /rɪˈmeɪn/ /rɪˈmeɪn/ he / she / it remains /rɪˈmeɪnz/ /rɪˈmeɪnz/ past simple remained /rɪˈmeɪnd/ /rɪˈmeɪnd/ past participle remained /rɪˈmeɪnd/ /rɪˈmeɪnd/ -ing form remaining /rɪˈmeɪnɪŋ/ /rɪˈmeɪnɪŋ/Idioms   linking verb to continue to be something; to be still in the same state or condition仍然是;保持不变 remain + adj. to remain silentto remain standing/seated/motionlessto remain calm/confidentTrain fares are likely to remain unchanged.火车票价很可能会保持不变。It remains unclear whether Russia will in fact agree to the meeting.The museum will remain open to the public throughout the building work.Energy prices might remain high.His reputation remains intact.Production levels have remained constant.He is confident that demand will remain strong.The rumour was confirmed by a member of the Cabinet,who wished to remain anonymous.It remains true that sport is about competing well, not winning.体育重在勇于竞争而非获胜,一向如此。Despite threats of strike action, the management remain hopeful that an agreement can be reached. remain + noun Her identity remains a mystery.to remain an issue/a problemIn spite of their quarrel, they remain the best of friends.尽管有过争吵,他们仍是最好的朋友。Scotland voted to remain part of the United KingdomHe remains a member of the Labour Party. remain as something He will remain as manager of the club until the end of his contract.他将继续担任俱乐部经理,直至合同期满。As a result, sanctions remained in place.This law remained in force until 1917.Power remained in the hands of the former Communist leaders.They were able to remain in power by forming a coalition government.She remains in office until July.Interest rates will remain at current levels well into next year.Extra ExamplesIt remains the case that not enough graduates are going into teaching.Security at the airport remains tight.The level of unemployment remains fairly constant at around 10%.The library will remain closed until next week.The pilot urged the passengers to remain calm.There is every prospect of the weather remaining dry this week.The man was not charged and the case remains under investigation.There is more evidence today that inflation remains under control.The company's reputation remains at risk.She remains on good terms with him.They remain on course to win the championship.The brothers remained under house arrest.   [intransitive] to still be present after the other parts have been removed, used, etc.; to continue to exist剩余;遗留;继续存在Very little of the house remained after the fire.火灾之后,这座房子所剩无几。Only about half of the original workforce remains.There were only ten minutes remaining.只剩下十分钟了。   [intransitive] remain + adv./prep. to stay in the same place; to not leave逗留;不离去They remained in Mexico until June.他们在墨西哥一直住到了六月。The plane remained on the ground.飞机仍未起飞。She left, but I remained behind.她走了,而我留了下来。He remains in police custody until his next court date.His application to remain in this country failed.  [intransitive] to still need to be done, said or dealt with仍需去做(或说、处理) remain to do something It remains to be seen (= it will only be known later) whether you are right.你说得对不对还有待证实。Much remains to be done.还有很多事要去做。There remained one significant problem.还有一个非常重要的问题。Of course, problems remain.Questions remain about the president's honesty.总统是否诚实,还有许多疑问。I feel sorry for her, but the fact remains (that) she lied to us.我为她感到难过,可事实是她对我们撒了谎。The puzzle remains of what happened to the ship.Language Bank neverthelessneverthelessConceding a point and making a counterargument承认一个观点的正确性,并提出一个对立的观点While the film is undoubtedly too long, it is nevertheless an intriguing piece of cinema.It can be argued that the movie is too long. It is nonetheless an intriguing piece of cinema.The film is undoubtedly too long. Still, it is an intriguing piece of cinema.Of course, huge chunks of the book have been sacrificed in order to make a two-hour movie, but it is nevertheless a successful piece of storytelling.Critics are wrong to argue that the film’s plot is too complicated. Certainly there are a couple of major twists, but audiences will have no difficulty following them.It is true that you cannot make a good movie without a good script, but it is equally true that a talented director can make a good script into an excellent film.It remains to be seen whether these two movies herald a new era of westerns, but there is no doubt that they represent welcome additions to the genre. Word Originlate Middle English: from Old French remain-, stressed stem of remanoir, from Latin remanere, from re- (expressing intensive force) + manere ‘to stay’.Idioms keep/hold (yourself) aloof | remain/stand aloof to not become involved in something; to show no interest in people不参与;远离;无动于衷;漠不关心The Emperor kept himself aloof from the people.这个皇帝对人民漠不关心。Extra ExamplesHe has remained somewhat aloof from the business of politics.Some thought that Britain was standing aloof from Europe.There were many things that had kept her aloof and apart from the crowd.Angela remained aloof.She had always kept herself aloof from her colleagues. remain/stand aloof | keep/hold (yourself) aloof to not become involved in something; to show no interest in people不参与;远离;无动于衷;漠不关心He has remained somewhat aloof from the business of politics.
断词:re‧main
词源: remain  1 remain:剩下,余留;留待,尚须;仍旧是,依旧是来源于拉丁语中由前缀re-(回)和动词man.ere(居住,留)组成的复合动词remanere(留下),经古法语remanoir进入英语。古法语remanoir的现在分词派生了英语remnant。古法语remanoir的变体remaindre派生了英语remainder。 词根词缀: re-回 + -main-居住,留  2 remain:停留,逗留,剩余,仍然来自拉丁语 remanere,留下,停留,来自 re-,向后,往回,manere,留下,词源同 mansion,permanent. 引申词义剩余,仍然等。  3 remain:停留,逗留,剩余,仍然来自拉丁语 remanere,留下,停留,来自 re-,向后,往回,manere,留下,词源同 mansion,permanent. 引申词义剩余,仍然等。
辨析: stay, remain, linger 这组词都有“停留,逗留”的意思,其区别是: stay: 普通用词,多指人在某地暂时逗留。有时可指较长时间的居留。 remain: 指某人或某物仍留在原处或保持原来的状态。 linger: 着重因愉快的事而使人不愿离开。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:4
中文释义2:
正面:remainder
US:[rɪˈmendɚ]
UK:[rɪˈmeɪndə]
释义:n.余数;剩余物;其他人员;剩余时间adj.剩余的;留存下的v.廉价出售(书)网络残余;余式;剩余的部分
分布:remainder[rɪˈmeɪndə(r)]remaindered, remaindering, remaindersCET6TEM4考研GRETOEFLIELTSn690431021904425935221355NOUN5612154250Spoken:109591311剩余物(40%),廉价出售(35%),其余的人(25%)n.[数] 余数,残余;剩余物;其余的人adj.剩余的;吃剩的vt.廉价出售;削价出售vi.廉价出售;削价出售
中文释义:remainder noun  /rɪˈmeɪndə(r)/ /rɪˈmeɪndər/  (usually the remainder) [singular + singular or plural verb] the people, things or time that remain 其他人员;剩余物;剩余时间synonym restI kept some of his books and gave away the remainder.我保留了一些他的书,其他的都送人了。 When the remainder refers to a plural noun, the verb is plural Most of our employees work in New York; the remainder are in London. Extra ExamplesHe was silent throughout the remainder of the journey.If you don't have enough cash with you can pay the remainder tomorrow.In the remainder of this chapter we shall compare the two methods.She was an invalid for the remainder of her life. [countable, usually singular] (mathematics数学) the numbers left after one number has been subtracted from another, or one number has been divided into another差数;余数Divide 2 into 7, and the answer is 3, remainder 1.7 除以 2,商 3 余 1。 compare divisor [countable] a book that has been remaindered廉价出售的图书;滞销图书 Word Originlate Middle English (in a legal sense): from Anglo-Norman French, from Latin remanere, from re- (expressing intensive force) + manere ‘to stay’. remainder verb /rɪˈmeɪndə(r)/ /rɪˈmeɪndər/[intransitive, transitive, usually passive]Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they remainder /rɪˈmeɪndə(r)/ /rɪˈmeɪndər/ he / she / it remainders /rɪˈmeɪndəz/ /rɪˈmeɪndərz/ past simple remaindered /rɪˈmeɪndəd/ /rɪˈmeɪndərd/ past participle remaindered /rɪˈmeɪndəd/ /rɪˈmeɪndərd/ -ing form remaindering /rɪˈmeɪndərɪŋ/ /rɪˈmeɪndərɪŋ/ remainder (something) to reduce the price of a book that did not get sold at its original price廉价出售(书)Word Originlate Middle English (in a legal sense): from Anglo-Norman French, from Latin remanere, from re- (expressing intensive force) + manere ‘to stay’.
断词:re‧main‧der
词源: remainder  1 remainder:剩余物;余数,余项词根词缀: re-回 + -main-居住,留 + der  2 remainder:剩余物来自 remain,剩余。
辨析: balance, remainder, remains, rest, surplus 这组词都有“剩余部分”的意思,其区别是: balance: 指支取存款的余额或减去各种开支后的尾数。 remainder: 含义较广,可指数学运算中的余数,也指从整体取走或用掉部分后的所余部分,或一群人走掉一部分剩下的人。 remains: 常指人或动物死后的遗体或遗骨,也指古代文明的遗迹或去世作家尚未发表的遗稿。 rest: 最普通用词与定冠词连用,指任何指定数量的人或物等。 surplus: 指超过需要数量之外的剩余。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:5
中文释义2:
正面:remains
US:[rɪˈmenz]
UK:[rɪˈmeɪns]
释义:n.遗迹;遗体v.remain的第三人称单数形式网络残余;残骸;遗骸
分布:remains[rɪˈmeɪnz]原型:remains 是 remain 的第三人称单数CET4CET6TEM4考研GREn5375484378612089317061212NOUN6979105337遗体(54%),遗迹(40%),剩余物(6%)n.残余;遗骸
中文释义:remains noun  /rɪˈmeɪnz/ /rɪˈmeɪnz/[plural]  remains (of something) the parts of something that are left after the other parts have been used, eaten, removed, etc.剩余物;残留物;剩饭菜She fed the remains of her lunch to the dog.她把剩下的午饭喂狗了。Extra ExamplesEnvironmentalists say that the road will destroy the remains of the world's first commercial railway.The body was found among the remains of a burned-out house.The burned-out remains date from the 19th century.the mangled remains of the bomber's vanIn the middle of the clearing were the charred remains of a small fire.She sat watching some birds pecking at the remains of a sandwich that someone had dropped.The mangled remains of a bicycle were sticking out of the windscreen.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveabundantconsiderableextensive…verb + remainsdiscoverfindlocate…remains + verbsurviveliedate from……prepositionamong the remains in the remains See full entry  the parts of ancient objects and buildings that have survived and are discovered in the present day古代遗物;古迹;遗迹;遗址The museum has an impressive collection of prehistoric remains.the remains of a Roman fort罗马要塞的遗址Extra ExamplesThey have found the remains of a Roman settlement on the land.the extensive remains of a medieval abbeyThey are excavating the remains of an Iron Age settlement.Considerable remains survive of the great city walls begun by Theodosius in AD 413.Topics Buildingsc1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveabundantconsiderableextensive…verb + remainsdiscoverfindlocate…remains + verbsurviveliedate from……prepositionamong the remains in the remains See full entry  (formal) the body of a dead person or animal遗体;遗骸They had discovered human remains.他们发现过人类遗骸。Extra ExamplesGulls often feed on the remains of seal kills.Her remains lie at rest in St Andrew's churchyard.Her remains lie in an unmarked grave.Marie Curie's remains were exhumed and interred in the Pantheon.The remains have been identified as those of Carl Rider.This tomb holds the mortal remains of a great pharaoh.While excavating the site for a new hotel, workers unearthed the remains of several dinosaurs.abundant remains of marine algaeTopics Life stagesc1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveabundantconsiderableextensive…verb + remainsdiscoverfindlocate…remains + verbsurviveliedate from……prepositionamong the remains in the remains See full entry Word Originlate Middle English (occasionally treated as singular): from Old French remain, from remaindre, from an informal form of Latin remanere, from re- (expressing intensive force) + manere ‘to stay’.
断词:re‧mains
词源: remainsremains:剩余,残余;遗迹  词根词缀: re-回 + -main-居住,留 + -s
辨析: balance, remainder, remains, rest, surplus 这组词都有“剩余部分”的意思,其区别是: balance: 指支取存款的余额或减去各种开支后的尾数。 remainder: 含义较广,可指数学运算中的余数,也指从整体取走或用掉部分后的所余部分,或一群人走掉一部分剩下的人。 remains: 常指人或动物死后的遗体或遗骨,也指古代文明的遗迹或去世作家尚未发表的遗稿。 rest: 最普通用词与定冠词连用,指任何指定数量的人或物等。 surplus: 指超过需要数量之外的剩余。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:6
中文释义2:
正面:remedy
US:[ˈrɛmədɪ]
UK:[ˈremədi]
释义:n.处理方法;改进措施;补偿;疗法v.改正;纠正;改进网络补救;治疗;药物
分布:remedy[ˈremədi]remedied, remedying, remediesCET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLIELTSv101921586158107406263652n5165499864026718957571439NOUN4077254762VERB887968319补救(49%),治疗(33%),药物(7%),矫正(6%),治疗法(5%)n.补救;治疗;赔偿vt.补救;治疗;纠正
中文释义:remedy noun  /ˈremədi/ /ˈremədi/(plural remedies)  a way of dealing with or improving an unpleasant or difficult situation处理方法;改进措施;补偿 synonym solutionWhen the reservoir becomes blocked, the only remedy lies in cleaning the entire system. remedy for something There is no simple remedy for unemployment.失业问题没有简单的解决办法。 remedy to something There are a number of possible remedies to this problem.这个问题有许多可能采取的解决办法。Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveadequateeffectivegood…verb + remedyhavepursueseek…remedy + verbbe availablelie in somethingprepositionremedy againstremedy forremedy in…phrasesrights and remediesSee full entry  a treatment or medicine to cure a disease or reduce pain that is not very serious疗法;治疗;药品He took a herbal remedy for his hay fever. remedy for something an excellent home remedy for sore throats治疗咽喉疼痛的极佳的家庭疗法Extra ExamplesThe best home remedy for a sore throat is honey and lemon.The player insists that he merely took a cold remedy and not a banned substance.I prefer to use herbal remedies when I have a cold.They're hoping to find a remedy for the condition.The remedies are all prepared from wild flowers.The remedy was given in different strengths to a group of volunteers.She tried various remedies, but none of them worked.One dose of the remedy is sufficient.Ginger is a popular remedy for morning sickness.Topics Social issuesc1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveeffectivegoodcommon…… of remedydoseverb + remedytakeuseneed…remedy + verbbe availableworkprepositionremedy forSee full entry remedy (against something) (law法律) a way of dealing with a problem, using the processes of the law(通过法律程序的)解决方法,救济 synonym redressHolding copyright provides the only legal remedy against unauthorized copying.持有版权是制止盗版的唯一法律手段。What’s my remedy in law in this case?Extra Examplesremedies for breach of contractremedies afforded to creditors by a bankruptcy orderYour best remedy is to go to the small claims court.You have a remedy in civil law.They will have to seek a judicial remedy for breach of contract.They advised him to exhaust all other remedies before applying to court.The Act created rights and remedies for consumers.The agreement states that he has a remedy against the subcontractor.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveadequateeffectivegood…verb + remedyhavepursueseek…remedy + verbbe availablelie in somethingprepositionremedy againstremedy forremedy in…phrasesrights and remediesSee full entry Word OriginMiddle English: from Anglo-Norman French remedie, from Latin remedium, from re- ‘back’ (also expressing intensive force) + mederi ‘heal’.remedy verb /ˈremədi/ /ˈremədi/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they remedy /ˈremədi/ /ˈremədi/ he / she / it remedies /ˈremədiz/ /ˈremədiz/ past simple remedied /ˈremədid/ /ˈremədid/ past participle remedied /ˈremədid/ /ˈremədid/ -ing form remedying /ˈremədiɪŋ/ /ˈremədiɪŋ/ remedy something to correct or improve something改正;纠正;改进 synonym right (5)to remedy a problem解决问题This situation is easily remedied.这种情形易于补救。Extra ExamplesThe government should have taken steps to remedy the situation.This could easily be remedied if the authorities were willing.He hadn't made a very good impression, but that could easily be remedied.I tried my best to remedy the situation.It is up to politicians to remedy defects in the existing political system.The 1997 law was intended to remedy the deficiencies in the previous law.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbeasilyverb + remedyattempt toseek totake steps to…See full entryWord OriginMiddle English: from Anglo-Norman French remedie, from Latin remedium, from re- ‘back’ (also expressing intensive force) + mederi ‘heal’.
断词:rem‧e‧dy
词源: remedy  1 remedy:药品,治疗法;补救办法,纠正办法词根词缀: re-回,向后 + -med-医药 + -y名词词尾  2 remedy:补救,纠正,改正re-,表强调,-med,救治,词源同 medical,medicine.  3 remedy:补救,纠正,改正re-,表强调,-med,救治,词源同 medical,medicine.
辨析: medication, remedy, chemical, medicine, cure, drug 这组词都有“药”的意思,其区别是: medication: 指医生开给病人用的一切药物,从最简单的阿斯匹林到最复杂的药物。 remedy: 普通用词,侧重指对恢复健康有效的药品或治疗方法。 chemical: 多指工业或化学中的药品,有时也指医药中的药品。 medicine: 普通用词,可指药物的总称,也指一切有利于健康的东西。 cure: 比remedy更强调使身体恢复健康的疗法或良药。 drug: 普通用词,含义广泛,可指任何用于预防或治疗肉体上或精神上疾病的药品。用复数形式,多指毒品。 remedy, heal, cure, treat 这组词都有“治疗、医治”的意思,其区别是: remedy: 着重用药物对病人进行治疗。 heal: 侧重指治愈伤口、伤痛如灼伤等。 cure: 主要指治愈疾病。 treat: 普通用词,指接受并诊治病人。 remedy, correct, rectify, revise, amend 这组词都有“纠正,改正”的意思,其区别是: remedy: 正式用词,通常指在局部范围内进行纠正,尤指对困难或棘手问题的解决。 correct: 指纠正或改正不正确、不真实或有缺点的东西。 rectify: 正式用词,意义较抽象,侧重指彻底改正偏离子正确标准或规则的东西。 revise: 指通过仔细阅读、反复思考后而进行改正、订正或修订,使趋于完善。 amend: 书面语用词。指进行更正或改变,使之更好,符合更高的要求。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:7
中文释义2:
正面:remember
US:[rɪˈmɛmbɚ]
UK:[rɪˈmembə]
释义:v.记得;记住;想起;记起网络记忆;牢记;要记住
分布:remember[rɪˈmembə(r)]remembered, remembering, remembersCET4CET6TEM4考研v379115601301044361919198153067374VERB5452794461Spoken:197408668remembered[19635] remembering[5837] remembers[7529]记得(93%),回忆(3%),想起(3%),提及(1%)vi.记得,记起vt.记得;牢记;纪念;代…问好
中文释义:remember verb  /rɪˈmembə(r)/ /rɪˈmembər/not usually used in the progressive tenses通常不用于进行时Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they remember /rɪˈmembə(r)/ /rɪˈmembər/ he / she / it remembers /rɪˈmembəz/ /rɪˈmembərz/ past simple remembered /rɪˈmembəd/ /rɪˈmembərd/ past participle remembered /rɪˈmembəd/ /rɪˈmembərd/ -ing form remembering /rɪˈmembərɪŋ/ /rɪˈmembərɪŋ/Idioms Phrasal Verbs somebody/something from the past过去的人/事物  [transitive, intransitive] to have or keep an image in your memory of an event, a person, a place, etc. from the past回想起;记得;记起 remember somebody/something This is Carla. Do you remember her?这位是卡拉。你记得她吗?I don't remember my first day at school.我已经忘了第一天上学的情景。I'll always remember this holiday.She doesn't remember a thing about it.She fondly remembered her early years in India. remember somebody/something as something He still remembered her as the lively teenager he'd known years before.他记忆中的她依然是他多年以前认识的那个活泼的少女。 remember somebody/something from something I remember her from university . remember somebody/something with something He will be remembered with affection by all who knew him.As far as I can remember, this is the third time we've met.我记得这是我们第三次会面了。 remember doing something I remember seeing pictures of him when I was a child.Do you remember switching the lights off before we came out?你记得我们出来之前关灯了吗?I remember thinking what a brilliant idea that was.I remember reading something in the paper about that.I remember watching the film on television. remember somebody/something doing something I can still vividly remember my grandfather teaching me to play cards.爷爷教我打纸牌的情景我记忆犹新。 I seem to remember the film being genuinely scary. (formal) I can't remember his taking a single day off work.我不记得他请过哪怕一天假。 remember (that)… I remember (that) we used to go and see them most weekends.我记得我们过去经常在周末去看望他们。Grammar Point want / like / love / hate / thinkwant / like / love / hate / thinkThese verbs belong to a group known as stative verbs because they describe a state rather than an action (although think can describe either an action or a state). Stative verbs are not usually used in the progressive tenses. However, it is becoming more common for some stative verbs to be used with progressive tenses. Stative verbs such as want, like, love, hate and think are sometimes used in informal language to describe a state at a particular moment, or a state that continues for a period of time:Why are you wanting a new phone when your current one works perfectly well?What shall we do tonight? I’m thinking bowling.I’m loving the weather today! Other stative verbs that can be used this way include prefer, remember, taste and understandExtra ExamplesI distinctly remember Jane saying that the show started at eight.I mostly remember the art nouveau decor of her living room.I remember Miss Scott very well.I remembered back to the time I saw her last.I specifically remember her saying she would be visiting today.This is an experience that the kids will enjoy and remember forever.To this day, people can easily remember the show.I remember going to Blackpool one summer.I vaguely remember hearing him come in.我隐约记得听到他进来。There are books you remember from your childhood.He was a brave journalist and will be remembered with deep fondness. Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbclearlydistinctlyvividly…verb + remembercantry tobe important to…prepositionasforSee full entry fact/information事实;信息  [transitive, intransitive] to bring back to your mind a fact, piece of information, etc. that you knew想起;记起You were going to help me with this. Remember?你说要帮着我做的。记得吗?If I remember correctly, you were supposed to collect the keys on your way here. remember something I'm sorry—I can't remember your name.对不起,我想不起你的名字了。I can't remember a time when I didn't feel this way.He couldn't remember the words to any of the songs. remember how, what, etc. Can you remember how much money we spent?你能回忆起我们花了多少钱吗?He was trying to remember where he had parked his car the night before. remember (that)… Remember that we're going out tonight.别忘了我们今天晚上要出去。Extra ExamplesI don't exactly remember what she said.She finally remembered what she was going to say.Julia belatedly remembered what else she was supposed to do.I can't remember exactly what happened.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbclearlydistinctlyvividly…verb + remembercantry tobe important to…prepositionasforSee full entry   [transitive] to keep an important fact in your mind记住;把…牢记在心 remember (that)… Remember (that) you may feel sleepy after taking the pills.记住,吃了这些药片之后,你可能会犯困。It is important to remember that exercise and a balanced diet are the foundation of any successful fitness plan.The thing to remember is that all of this will take time.You have to remember that he is still recovering from injury.You need to remember that the court has a very wide discretion in such cases. it is remembered that… It should be remembered that the majority of accidents happen in the home.不要忘记大多数事故都是在家里发生的。Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbclearlydistinctlyvividly…verb + remembercantry tobe important to…prepositionasforSee full entry something you have to do必做之事  [transitive] to not forget to do something; to actually do what you have to do记着,不忘(去做);动手做(必须做的事) remember to do something Remember to call me when you arrive!你到了之后别忘了给我打电话!Remember to keep your doors and windows locked—even if you're in the back garden.Please remember to include a contact telephone number.I must remember to check which day they are due to start.Just remember to take your mosquito repellent. remember something Did you remember your homework (= to bring it)?你记得带家庭作业了吗? Notice the difference between remember doing something and remember to do something: I remember posting the letter means ‘I have an image in my memory of doing it’ I remembered to post the letter means ‘I didn’t forget to do it.’ in prayers祈祷时[transitive] remember somebody to think about somebody with respect, especially when saying a prayer纪念;缅怀;思念 synonym commemoratea church service to remember the war dead纪念战争死难者的教堂礼拜仪式 give present送礼[transitive] remember somebody/something to give money, a present, etc. to somebody/something给…送钱(或礼品等)My aunt always remembers my birthday (= by sending a card or present).我姨妈在我的生日总要送我礼物。His grandfather remembered him (= left him money) in his will.他爷爷在遗嘱中给他留下了一笔钱。 Word OriginMiddle English: from Old French remembrer, from late Latin rememorari ‘call to mind’, from re- (expressing intensive force) + Latin memor ‘mindful’.Idioms be (best) remembered for something | be (best) remembered as something to be famous or known for a particular thing that you have done in the past因某事而成名(或名留青史)He is best remembered as the man who brought jazz to England.他因为将爵士音乐传到英国而为人们所熟知。She is best remembered for her first book, ‘In the Ditch’. Phrasal Verbsremember me to
断词:re‧mem‧ber
词源: remember  1 remember:记得,想起,回忆来源于拉丁语中形容词memor(注意的,不忘的)派生的动词rememorari(回想),经由古法语remembrer进入英语为remember。 词根词缀: re-回 + mem( -memor- )记忆 + ber  2 remember:记忆,想起,纪念来自拉丁语 rememorori,记忆,想起,来自 re-,再,重新,memorari,记忆,词源同 memory. 拼写受 member 影响俗化。  3 remember:记忆,想起,纪念来自拉丁语 rememorori,记忆,想起,来自 re-,再,重新,memorari,记忆,词源同 memory. 拼写受 member 影响俗化。
辨析: remember, memorize, recall, remind, recolect 这组词都有“记忆,记住,回忆”的意思,其区别是: remember: 含义较广,多指无意识地回忆起往事,也可指通过主观努力去记忆。 memorize: 指有意识的下功夫把某事的整个细节都记在脑子里。 recall: 比remember文雅,指想方设法回忆已经遗忘之事。 remind: 指经某人或某事的提醒而回忆起某件已遗忘之事。 recolect: 指在记忆中搜索,设法想起一时想不起的事情或人,强调过程。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:8
中文释义2:
正面:remind
US:[rɪˈmaɪnd]
UK:[rɪˈmaɪnd]
释义:v.提醒;使想起网络使记起;提醒某人注意;回忆
分布:remind[rɪˈmaɪnd]reminded, reminding, remindsCET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLIELTSv14622790246479792568239373844VERB2100646677Spoken:92058289reminded[8559] reminding[3010] reminds[14547]提醒(96%),使想起(4%)vt.提醒;使想起
中文释义:remind verb  /rɪˈmaɪnd/ /rɪˈmaɪnd/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they remind /rɪˈmaɪnd/ /rɪˈmaɪnd/ he / she / it reminds /rɪˈmaɪndz/ /rɪˈmaɪndz/ past simple reminded /rɪˈmaɪndɪd/ /rɪˈmaɪndɪd/ past participle reminded /rɪˈmaɪndɪd/ /rɪˈmaɪndɪd/ -ing form reminding /rɪˈmaɪndɪŋ/ /rɪˈmaɪndɪŋ/ Phrasal Verbs to help somebody remember something, especially something important that they must do提醒;使想起 remind somebody/yourself I'm sorry, I've forgotten your name. Can you remind me?对不起,我忘了你的名字。提醒我一下好吗?That (= what you have just said, done, etc.) reminds me, I must get some cash.那倒提醒了我,我得带上一些现金。‘You need to finish that essay.’ ‘Don't remind me (= I don't want to think about it).’“你要完成那篇论文。” “别提啦!” remind somebody/yourself about/of something ‘Don't forget the camera.’ ‘Remind me about it nearer the time.’“别忘了带相机。” “到时候再提醒我一下。”I loved her and wanted to remind her of that.Your advertisements should remind people of your great location. remind somebody/yourself to do something Remind me to phone Alan before I go out.提醒我在出去之前给艾伦打电话。 remind somebody/yourself (that)… Passengers are reminded that smoking is not allowed on this train.The paper reminded its readers that 4,500 soldiers were killed on the first day of the Normandy landings. Members are reminded that the club's annual general meeting will take place on Thursday.The bathroom mirror constantly reminds me that I am getting old.He likes to remind everyone that he is a US senator.I have to keep reminding myself that things could be much worse. remind somebody/yourself what, how, etc… Can someone remind me what I should do next?谁能告诉我下一步该做什么? remind somebody/yourself + speech ‘You had an accident,’ he reminded her.他提醒她道:“你出过一次事故了。”Extra ExamplesI called to remind him about the party.I quickly reminded him that I had said ‘maybe’.I simply remind them that the choice is theirs.Reading the note suddenly reminded me of my appointment with Angela.She gently reminded him that the baby was getting cold and should be taken indoors.She looked at her watch to remind him of the time.The terrorist attack painfully reminded the Americans that they are vulnerable even at home.I'm sure I don't need to remind you that we have lost our last ten games.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbalwaysconstantlycontinually…verb + remindnot have tonot need toserve to…prepositionaboutofphraseskeep reminding somebodyadverbforcefullyforciblystrongly…See full entryWord Originmid 17th cent.: from re- ‘again’ + the verb mind, probably suggested by obsolete rememorate, in the same sense.Phrasal Verbsremind of
断词:re‧mind
词源: remind  1 remind:使想起;提醒词根词缀: re-再 + mind( -ment- )记忆 → 使再想起  2 remind:提醒re-,再,重新,mind,注意,留意。引申词义提醒。
辨析: remember, memorize, recall, remind, recolect 这组词都有“记忆,记住,回忆”的意思,其区别是: remember: 含义较广,多指无意识地回忆起往事,也可指通过主观努力去记忆。 memorize: 指有意识的下功夫把某事的整个细节都记在脑子里。 recall: 比remember文雅,指想方设法回忆已经遗忘之事。 remind: 指经某人或某事的提醒而回忆起某件已遗忘之事。 recolect: 指在记忆中搜索,设法想起一时想不起的事情或人,强调过程。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:9
中文释义2:
正面:render
US:[ˈrɛndɚ]
UK:[ˈrendə]
释义:v.提供;给予;提交;翻译n.粉刷;【建】(墙壁的)初涂;抹灰;精制油网络渲染;使得;致使
分布:render[ˈrendə(r)]rendered, rendering, rendersCET4CET6TEM4考研GRETOEFLIELTSv356388914941062232211143899VERB2962411282Spoken:44405804rendered[2126] rendering[992] renders[451]提供(46%),翻译(9%),表现(9%),打底(8%),粉刷(8%),使成为(7%),给予补偿(5%),交纳(5%),回报(2%),宣布(1%)n.打底;交纳;粉刷vt.致使;提出;实施;着色;以…回报vi.给予补偿n.(Render)人名;(英、德)伦德尔
中文释义:render verb  /ˈrendə(r)/ /ˈrendər/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they render /ˈrendə(r)/ /ˈrendər/ he / she / it renders /ˈrendəz/ /ˈrendərz/ past simple rendered /ˈrendəd/ /ˈrendərd/ past participle rendered /ˈrendəd/ /ˈrendərd/ -ing form rendering /ˈrendərɪŋ/ /ˈrendərɪŋ/ cause somebody/something to be something使成为 render somebody/something + adj. (formal) to cause somebody/something to be in a particular state or condition使成为;使变得;使处于某状态 synonym maketo render something harmless/useless/ineffective使某事物无害/无用/无效Hundreds of people were rendered homeless by the earthquake.成百上千的人因为地震而无家可归。 give help提供帮助 (formal) to give somebody something, especially in return for something or because it is expected给予;提供;回报 render something to somebody/something They rendered assistance to the disaster victims.他们给灾民提供了援助。to render a service to somebody给某人提供服务 render somebody something to render somebody a service为某人服务 render something It was payment for services rendered.这是服务酬金。 present something提交render something (formal) to present something, especially when it is done officially递交;呈献;提交 synonym furnishThe committee was asked to render a report on the housing situation.要求委员会提交一份有关住房情况的报告。 express/perform表达;表演render something (formal) to express or perform something表达;表演;演示He stood up and rendered a beautiful version of ‘Summertime’.他站起来表演了一段优美的《夏日时光》。The artist has rendered the stormy sea in dark greens and browns.画家用了深绿色和棕色来表现波涛汹涌的大海。 translate翻译to express something in a different language(用不同的语言)表达;翻译;把…译成 synonym translate render something (as something) The Italian phrase can be rendered as ‘I did my best’.这个意大利语的短语可以译为 “我尽力了”。 render something (into something) It's a concept that is difficult to render into English.这个概念难以用英语来表达。 wall墙壁render something (specialist) to cover a wall with a layer of plaster or cement粉刷;给(墙壁)抹灰Topics Buildingsc2 melt化开render something (down) to make fat liquid by heating it; to melt something将(脂肪)熬成油;熔化 Word Originlate Middle English: from Old French rendre, from an alteration of Latin reddere ‘give back’, from re- ‘back’ + dare ‘give’. The earliest senses were ‘recite’, ‘translate’, and ‘give back’ (hence ‘represent’ and ‘perform’); ‘hand over’ (hence ‘give help’ and ‘submit for consideration’); ‘cause to be’; and ‘melt down’.
断词:ren‧der
词源: render  1 render:提出,提供,呈报;使得,致使同源词:rent, surrender  2 render:使成为,使变得,提供,表达,表演来自古法语 rendre,给回,呈现,出产,来自俗拉丁语*rendere,给予,给回,异化自 reddere, 返回,给予,来自 red-,向后,往回,dare,给予,来自 PIE*do,给予,词源同 donate,edit.引申 诸相关词义。  3 render:使成为,使变得,提供,表达,表演来自古法语 rendre,给回,呈现,出产,来自俗拉丁语*rendere,给予,给回,异化自 reddere, 返回,给予,来自 red-,向后,往回,dare,给予,来自 PIE*do,给予,词源同 donate,edit.引申 诸相关词义。
辨析: cause, get, have, make, render 这组词都有“使,使得”的意思,其区别是: cause: 正式用词,侧重指使某事发生的原因。 get: 侧重指劝某人做某事,或指使某事物处于某种状态或产生某种结果。 have: 普通用词,指让某人做某事。 make: 普通用词,指强迫或劝诱他人做某事。 render: 书面用词,多指因外界因素而使某人或某物处于某种状态。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:10
中文释义2:
正面:contemporary
US:[kənˈtɛmpɚɛrɪ]
UK:[kənˈtemprəri]
释义:adj.现代的;当代的;当时的;同时代的n.与…同时代的人;当时的人;同龄人网络现代舞;当代艺术
分布:contemporary[kənˈtemprəri]CET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLIELTSj1957208606296114864350511251n90212005101142510338914ADJ2646484158NOUN1256234947Spoken:67052881contemporaries[384]当代的(42%),同时代的(30%),同时代的人(18%),同龄人(10%)n.同时代的人;同时期的东西adj.当代的;同时代的;属于同一时期的
中文释义:contemporary adjective OPAL WOPAL S /kənˈtemprəri/ /kənˈtempəreri/   belonging to the same time属同时期的;同一时代的We have no contemporary account of the battle (= written near the time that it happened).我们没有当时人们对这一战役的记载。 contemporary with somebody/something He was contemporary with the dramatist Congreve.他与剧作家康格里夫属于同一时代。The amphitheatre is roughly contemporary with the Colosseum in Rome.Extra ExamplesShe used only strictly contemporary documents to research the book.a composer contemporary with Beethovena period broadly contemporary with the Shang dynastyTopics Historyb2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsbeadverbexactlynearlybroadly…prepositionwithSee full entry   belonging to the present time当代的;现代的 synonym moderncontemporary society/culturecontemporary art/music/dancecontemporary architecture/literature/painting/politics/historyHe is among the best-known contemporary artists.The film paints a depressing picture of life in contemporary Britain.Extra ExamplesShe is one of the great innovators of contemporary dance.The prize is awarded for the best piece of contemporary fiction published in that year.This approach has contributed to growing inequality almost everywhere in the contemproary world.Topics Buildingsb2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsbeadverbdecidedlythoroughlyvery…See full entry following modern ideas in style or design当代的;现代的Try some contemporary colours on your kitchen walls. Word Originmid 17th cent.: from medieval Latin contemporarius, from con- ‘together with’ + tempus, tempor- ‘time’ (on the pattern of Latin contemporaneus and late Latin contemporalis).contemporary nounOPAL S /kənˈtemprəri/ /kənˈtempəreri/ (plural contemporaries) a person who lives or lived at the same time as somebody else, especially somebody who is about the same age同代人;同辈人;同龄人She and I were contemporaries at college.她和我在大学是同学。He was a contemporary of Freud and may have known him.他是弗洛伊德的同代人,可能认识弗洛伊德。Give or take a few years, they are contemporaries.Word Originmid 17th cent.: from medieval Latin contemporarius, from con- ‘together with’ + tempus, tempor- ‘time’ (on the pattern of Latin contemporaneus and late Latin contemporalis).
断词:con‧tem‧po‧ra‧ry
词源: contemporary  1 contemporary:当代的;同时代的,同属一个时期的词根词缀: con-共同 + -temp-时间 + -or名词词尾,状况 + -ary形容词词尾  2 contemporary:同时代的con-, 强调。-temp, 时间,词源同temporary.
辨析: modern, present, up-to-date, contemporary, current, recent 这组词都有“现代的,当代的”的意思,其区别是: modern: 指现代或近代,时期可长可短。也可指新颖、时髦的。 present: 是这些词中语气最强的一个。指现在正发生、起作用的。 up-to-date: 一般用于非正式场合,指很时新、能反映当前的最新发展。 contemporary: 仅指当今这个时代,不涉及任何过去的时代。但可表示不同的人或物存在于同一时代。 current: 指目前存在和发生的。 recent: 表示新近的,最近的,时间的长短依据所修饰的人或物而定。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:11
中文释义2:
正面:contempt
US:[kənˈtɛmpt]
UK:[kənˈtempt]
释义:n.蔑视;轻蔑;鄙视;(对规则、危险等的)藐视网络轻视;耻辱
分布:contempt[kənˈtempt]CET4CET6TEM4考研GREIELTSn636134475121000613608714NOUN1017152896Spoken:52594375轻蔑(52%),轻视(48%)n.轻视,蔑视;耻辱
中文释义:contempt noun  /kənˈtempt/ /kənˈtempt/[uncountable, singular]Idioms  the feeling that somebody/something is without value and deserves no respect at all蔑视;轻蔑;鄙视 with contempt She looked at him with contempt.她轻蔑地看着他。I shall treat that suggestion with the contempt it deserves.我对那项建议当然会不屑一顾。 beneath contempt His treatment of his children is beneath contempt (= so bad that it is not even worth feeling contempt for).他对待自己子女的那种行径为人所不齿。 in contempt Politicians seem to be generally held in contempt by ordinary people.一般百姓似乎普遍看不起从政者。 contempt for somebody/something They had shown a contempt for the values she thought important.他们对她所认为重要的价值表示蔑视。Extra ExamplesHe has a deep contempt for racists.His remarks betray an utter contempt for the truth.She looked at him with barely disguised contempt.She'd developed what she considered a healthy contempt for authority.He did not want to risk the contempt of his fellows.He felt nothing but contempt for her.Topics Feelingsc1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecompletedeepgreat…verb + contemptfeelhavehold somebody/​something in…prepositioncontempt forbeneath contemptwith contempt…See full entry contempt for something a lack of worry or fear about rules, danger, etc.(对规则、危险等的)藐视,不顾The firefighters showed a contempt for their own safety.那些消防队员已把他们自己的安全置之度外。His remarks betray a staggering contempt for the truth (= are completely false).他的话表明他完全无视事情的真相。Topics Feelingsc2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecompletedeepgreat…verb + contemptfeelhavehold somebody/​something in…prepositioncontempt forbeneath contemptwith contempt…See full entry (also contempt of court) the crime of refusing to obey an order made by a court; not showing respect for a court or judge藐视法庭(罪)He could be jailed for two years for contempt.他由于藐视法庭可能被监禁两年。 in contempt She was held in contempt for refusing to testify.她因拒绝作证而被判藐视法庭罪。Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecivilcriminalverb + contemptbe held inprepositionin contemptSee full entry Word Originlate Middle English: from Latin contemptus, from contemnere, from con- (expressing intensive force) + temnere ‘despise’.Idioms familiarity breeds contempt (saying) knowing somebody/something very well may cause you to lose respect for them/it过分亲密就会有所侮慢
断词:con‧tempt
词源: contemptcontempt:蔑视来自contemn, 蔑视。-pt, 过去分词后缀。
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:12
中文释义2:
正面:content
US:[ˈkɑntɛnt]
UK:[ˈkɒntent]
释义:n.内容;含量;容量;目录v.满足;满意;知足;使满意adj.满足;满意;愿意网络满足的;留言内容;内涵
分布:content['kɒntent]contented, contenting, contentsCET4CET6考研GRETOEFLIELTSv146068235024215464313n174124151185423624969287112095j40237767350101512409284234NOUN5782673231ADJ1868742845VERB917764113Spoken:239115195contented[780] contents[4860]内容(69%),含量(25%),目录(2%),满意的(2%),满足的(1%),使 ... 满足(1%)n.内容,目录;满足;容量adj.满意的vt.使满足n.(Content)人名;(法)孔唐
中文释义:content1 noun OPAL WOPAL S /ˈkɒntent/ /ˈkɑːntent/   contents [plural] the things that are contained in something所容纳之物;所含之物;内容He tipped the contents of the bag onto the table.他把提包里的东西倒在桌子上。Fire has caused severe damage to the contents of the building.大火导致那栋大楼里的东西严重损毁。She hadn't read the letter and so was unaware of its contents.她没有看过那封信,所以对其内容一无所知。She picked up the glass and drank the contents.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverb + contentsdumpemptypour…See full entry   contents [plural] the different sections that are contained in a book(书的)目录,目次a table of contents (= the list at the front of a book)目录a contents page目录页   [uncountable] the subject matter of a book, speech, programme, etc.(书、讲话、节目等的)主题,主要内容Her poetry has a good deal of political content.她的诗歌包含大量的政治内容。Your tone of voice is as important as the content of what you have to say.你的讲话声调和你要讲的内容同样重要。The content of the course depends on what the students would like to study.课程的内容取决于学生愿意学什么。This study is based on a content analysis of press coverage of the president during his time in office.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveoriginalqualityrich…verb + contentcreatedeliverprovide…content + nounproviderSee full entry   [singular] (following a noun用于名词后) the amount of a substance that is contained in something else含量;容量food with a high fat content脂肪含量高的食物water/moisture/protein/DNA contentthe alcohol content of a drink饮料的酒精含量Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivehighlowalcohol…See full entry   [uncountable] (computing计算机) the information or other material contained on a website or other digital media(网站或其他数字媒介上的)内容digital/video/online contentWe plan to spend more on creating content for the website.delivering premium content to usersa method of sharing content over the internetto stream/access/consume/view contentcontent managementcontent providers such as Netflix and AmazonExtra ExamplesThe way people are accessing their Web content is changing.They haven't updated the content of their site. Word Originlate Middle English: from medieval Latin contentum (plural contenta ‘things contained’), neuter past participle of continere from con- ‘altogether’ + tenere ‘to hold’.content2 adjective  /kənˈtent/ /kənˈtent/[not before noun]  happy and satisfied with what you have满意;满足He seemed more content, less bitter.他看起来比较满意,不那么愤愤不平。 content with something Not content with stealing my boyfriend (= not thinking that this was enough), she has turned all my friends against me.她偷走了我的男朋友还不满足,又挑起我所有的朋友和我作对。He had to be content with third place.他只好屈居第三名。Synonyms happyhappysatisfiedcontentcontentedjoyfulblissfulThese words all describe feeling, showing or giving pleasure.happy feeling, showing or giving pleasure; satisfied with something or not worried about it:a happy marriage/​memory/​childhoodI said I’d go, just to keep him happy.satisfied pleased because you have achieved something or because something has happened as you wanted it to; showing this:She’s never satisfied with what she’s got.a satisfied smilecontent [not before noun] happy and satisfied with what you have:I’m perfectly content just to lie in the sun.contented happy and comfortable with what you have; showing this:a contented babya long contented sigh content or contented?用 content 还是 contented?Being contented depends more on having a comfortable life; being content can depend more on your attitude to your life: you can learn to be content with something by changing your attitude to it. People or animals can be contented but only people can be content.joyful (rather formal) very happy; making people very happyblissful making people very happy; showing this happiness:three blissful weeks away joyful or blissful?用 joyful 还是 blissful?Joy is a livelier feeling; bliss is more peaceful.Patternshappy/​satisfied/​content/​contented with somethinga happy/​satisfied/​contented/​blissful smilea happy/​joyful occasion/​celebrationto feel happy/​satisfied/​content/​contented/​joyfulvery/​perfectly/​quite happy/​satisfied/​content/​contentedExtra ExamplesShe felt curiously content.She seemed quite content with the idea.Topics Feelingsc1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsappearbefeel…adverbextremelyfairlyvery…prepositionwithSee full entry  content to do something willing to do something愿意I was content to wait.我愿意等候。I'm perfectly content just to lie in the sun.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsappearbefeel…adverbextremelyfairlyvery…prepositionwithSee full entry compare contentedWord Originlate Middle English: via Old French from Latin contentus ‘satisfied’, past participle of continere from con- ‘altogether’ + tenere ‘to hold’.content2 verb /kənˈtent/ /kənˈtent/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they content /kənˈtent/ /kənˈtent/ he / she / it contents /kənˈtents/ /kənˈtents/ past simple contented /kənˈtentɪd/ /kənˈtentɪd/ past participle contented /kənˈtentɪd/ /kənˈtentɪd/ -ing form contenting /kənˈtentɪŋ/ /kənˈtentɪŋ/ content yourself with something to accept and be satisfied with something and not try to have or do something better满足;满意;知足Martina contented herself with a bowl of soup.马丁娜喝了一碗汤就心满意足了。The crowd contented themselves with shouting insults. content somebody (formal) to make somebody feel happy or satisfied使满意;使满足My apology seemed to content him.我的道歉好像使他感到满意。Nothing would content her. Word Originlate Middle English: via Old French from Latin contentus ‘satisfied’, past participle of continere from con- ‘altogether’ + tenere ‘to hold’.content2 noun /kənˈtent/ /kənˈtent/[uncountable]Idioms (also contentment) a feeling of being happy or satisfied使满意;使满足She stood for a moment looking with content at her husband.Word Originlate Middle English: via Old French from Latin contentus ‘satisfied’, past participle of continere from con- ‘altogether’ + tenere ‘to hold’. Idioms to your heart’s content as much as you want尽情地;心满意足a supervised play area where children can run around to their heart’s content一处能让孩子们尽情游玩且有人看管的地方
断词:con‧tent
词源: content  1 content:容量,含量;(作品等的)内容;(词根词缀: con-共同 + tent(-ten-)握,持有  2 content:内容,满意的con-, 强调。-ten, 持有,握住,词源同tenable, tenure. 即包含于其中的,心满意足的。
辨析: content, contrast, context, contest content: 内容; contrast: 对比,差异; context: 上下文 contest: 比赛,竞赛;
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:13
中文释义2:
正面:contend
US:[kənˈtɛnd]
UK:[kənˈtend]
释义:v.竞争;认为;争夺网络斗争;主张;争论
分布:contend[kənˈtend]contended, contending, contendsCET6TEM8考研GREIELTSv35788751571245204731942694VERB738494666Spoken:122341094竞争(48%),争辩(30%),争斗(18%),坚决主张(4%)vi.竞争;奋斗;斗争;争论vt.主张;为...斗争
中文释义:contend verb  /kənˈtend/ /kənˈtend/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they contend /kənˈtend/ /kənˈtend/ he / she / it contends /kənˈtendz/ /kənˈtendz/ past simple contended /kənˈtendɪd/ /kənˈtendɪd/ past participle contended /kənˈtendɪd/ /kənˈtendɪd/ -ing form contending /kənˈtendɪŋ/ /kənˈtendɪŋ/ Phrasal Verbs  [transitive] contend that… (formal) to say that something is true, especially in an argument(尤指在争论中)声称,主张,认为 synonym maintainI would contend that the minister's thinking is flawed on this point.我倒认为部长的想法在这一点上有漏洞。Topics Opinion and argumentc1  [intransitive] contend (for something) to compete against somebody in order to gain something竞争;争夺Three armed groups were contending for power.三个武装集团在争夺权力。 Word Originlate Middle English (in the sense ‘compete for (something)’): from Old French contendre or Latin contendere, from con- ‘with’ + tendere ‘stretch, strive’.Phrasal Verbscontend with
断词:con‧tend
词源: contend  1 contend:竞争,争夺;坚决主张,争辩;争论,辩论 词根词缀: con-共同 + -tend-延伸 → 共同伸向  2 contend:声称,主张con-, 强调。-tend, 伸出,伸长。词根ten含有多种引申词义,1. 持,握,词源同tenure, contain. 2. 伸长,拉紧,词源同tend, tense, 3. 变细,变弱,attenuate, extenuate。
辨析: contend, rival, contest, compete 这组词都有“竞争”的意思,其区别是: contend: 指为战胜或击败对手进行不懈努力,强调拼搏。也可指口头上进行有对立情绪或严重分歧的争论。 rival: 指在两方或多方的竞争或比赛中,谁都想战胜或比得上对手。 contest: 指为争夺土地、阵地、权力或荣誉等而展开的竞争。 compete: 普通用词,含义广泛。既可指体育活动等活动中争取优胜的相互竞争,也可指为了自己的利益与他人竞争。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:14
中文释义2:
正面:contest
US:[ˈkɑntest]
UK:[ˈkɒntest]
释义:n.比赛;竞赛;竞争v.争辩;争取赢得(比赛、选举等);就…提出异议网络大赛;争夺;争论
分布:contest[ˈkɒntest]contested, contesting, contestsCET4CET6TEM4考研GREIELTSn30811088619891234209534992069v86672126352121306464883NOUN2675479075VERB956659571Spoken:217617724contested[345] contesting[324] contests[1052]比赛(74%),竞赛(23%),争取(1%),奋斗(1%),驳斥(1%)n.竞赛;争夺;争论vt.争辩;质疑vi.竞争;争辩
中文释义:contest noun  /ˈkɒntest/ /ˈkɑːntest/Idioms   a competition in which people try to win something比赛;竞赛to hold a singing/talent contestto enter/win a contest in a contest She was awarded the first prize in an essay contest . contest between A and B It was a close contest between two evenly matched crews. contest with somebody He said he had enjoyed the contest with his rival for the title . contest to do something a contest to win a free tickets to the concert see also beauty contest, popularity contestExtra ExamplesHe won his opening contest against Costa of Argentina.Jackson has injured his knee and is now out of the contest.Sporting contests are held in the arena.The New Zealanders are looking forward to future contests with South Africa.The contest was too one-sided to be exciting.The contestants are eliminated one by one until the last two compete in a head-to-head contest.The other bidders for the contract complained that it had not been a fair contest.They won the doubles contest against the Williams sisters.This contest is wide open: any of half a dozen teams could win it.the contest between these two great boxersShe's the favourite for this year's Eurovision Song Contest.To enter the contest, simply send an email to this address…Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecloseequaleven…verb + contesthaveholdrun…contest + verbtake placeprepositionduring a/​the contestin a/​the contestout of a/​the contest…phrasesa contest of skillsa contest of strengthbe no contest…See full entry   a struggle to gain control or power(控制权或权力的)争夺,竞争the leadership/presidential contest in a contest Both parties are predicting victory in this close contest. contest for something a contest for the leadership of the party争夺政党的领导权 contest between A and B a contest between traditional and liberal views contest with somebody It looks like being a close-fought contest with the Conservatives. contest to do something the contest to gain control of the partyWordfindercandidateconstituencycontestdemocracyelectionmajoritymanifestopollreferendumswing voteExtra ExamplesDuring the election contest newspapers are not allowed to publish public opinion polls.In the animal kingdom intruders usually lose contests over territories.Topics Politicsb2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecloseequaleven…verb + contesthaveholdrun…contest + verbtake placeprepositionduring a/​the contestin a/​the contestout of a/​the contest…phrasesa contest of skillsa contest of strengthbe no contest…See full entry Word Originlate 16th cent. (as a verb in the sense ‘swear to, attest’): from Latin contestari ‘call upon to witness, initiate (by calling witnesses)’, from con- ‘together’ + testare ‘to witness’. The senses ‘wrangle, struggle for’ arose in the early 17th cent., which gave rise to the current noun and verb senses.Idioms be no contest used to say that one side in a competition is so much stronger or better than the other that it is sure to win easily(表示竞争中的一方过于强大或出色)完全不是对手,毫无竞争可言Topics Doubt, guessing and certaintyc2 contest verb  /kənˈtest/ /kənˈtest/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they contest /kənˈtest/ /kənˈtest/ he / she / it contests /kənˈtests/ /kənˈtests/ past simple contested /kənˈtestɪd/ /kənˈtestɪd/ past participle contested /kənˈtestɪd/ /kənˈtestɪd/ -ing form contesting /kənˈtestɪŋ/ /kənˈtestɪŋ/   contest something to take part in a competition, election, etc. and try to win it争取赢得(比赛、选举等)Three candidates contested the leadership.有三位候选人角逐领导权。The party has decided not to contest this election.Conservatives met to decide who would contest the seat for them at the next election.a hotly/fiercely/keenly contested game (= one in which the players try very hard to win and the scores are close)竞争十分激烈的比赛Extra ExamplesThe election was bitterly contested.It turned out to be another hotly contested tournament.There were almost 2 000 candidates contesting the remaining 80 positions.Topics Politicsb2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbbitterlyfiercelyhotly…See full entry   contest something to formally oppose a decision or statement because you think it is wrong争辩;就…提出异议to contest a will (= try to show that it was not correctly made in law)对遗嘱提出质疑The divorce was not contested.这桩离婚案没有人提出异议。His insurance company decided to contest the claim.Extra ExamplesDefence lawyers successfully contested the case.His views on evolution are strongly contested by other scientists.Her son contested the will, stating that she was not of sound mind when she signed it.Topics Preferences and decisionsb2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbfiercelyhotlystrongly…See full entry Word Originlate 16th cent. (as a verb in the sense ‘swear to, attest’): from Latin contestari ‘call upon to witness, initiate (by calling witnesses)’, from con- ‘together’ + testare ‘to witness’. The senses ‘wrangle, struggle for’ arose in the early 17th cent., which gave rise to the current noun and verb senses.
断词:con‧test
词源: contest  1 contest:竞争,比赛;争论词根词缀: con-共同 + -test-证据,验证  2 contest:比赛con-, 强调。-test, 见证,词源同attest, detest。字面意思即找人来作证的。
辨析: contend, rival, contest, compete 这组词都有“竞争”的意思,其区别是: contend: 指为战胜或击败对手进行不懈努力,强调拼搏。也可指口头上进行有对立情绪或严重分歧的争论。 rival: 指在两方或多方的竞争或比赛中,谁都想战胜或比得上对手。 contest: 指为争夺土地、阵地、权力或荣誉等而展开的竞争。 compete: 普通用词,含义广泛。既可指体育活动等活动中争取优胜的相互竞争,也可指为了自己的利益与他人竞争。 content, contrast, context, contest content: 内容; contrast: 对比,差异; context: 上下文 contest: 比赛,竞赛; contest, match, competition 这组词都有“比赛,竞争”的意思,其区别是: contest: 多指在音乐、书法、演讲等方面所进行的比赛或竞争。其结果,由评判委员会裁决。 match: 通常指体育运动项目的比赛,隐含势均力敌意味。 competition: 多指体育运动中的各项比赛、角逐,也指知识、技巧等方面的竞赛。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 Unit 1
序号:15
中文释义2:
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