精品 💎2023 红宝书考研词汇(必考词+基础词+超纲词)
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2023红宝书考研词汇(必考词+基础词+超纲词).apkg
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只是只猫 发布时间:2021-07-23 00:22:26

2023《红宝书考研词汇(必考词+基础词+超纲词)》

「关于内容」

1. 精心排版润色,你能找到性价比最高,排版最好的卡牌

2. 内容包含 原书,单词基础信息「变型,释义百分比等」,词源,词根词缀图,考研释义分布及对应真题例句,考研重要程度,考频,牛津词典,带例句的同义词辨析等...「图片并未全部展示」

3. 原书内容已用不同颜色进行润色,直观清晰。

4. 可以自己添加 笔记,当笔记字段内容被添加后「如图」,笔记会显示。

5. 可自定义显示你想看的内容「模板样式里编辑」,以及包含夜间模式。

「关于音频」

1.本地音频99%是牛津发音「英音」

2.点击国旗或音标,可以在线英美有道发音。

「关于卡片」

1.必考词(1~26Unit)+基础词(1~31Unit)+超纲词(A-Z)「6000+」

2.附赠 ⭐2023红宝书词汇速检 已经在卡包内,也可以单独购买「点击文本或搜索可了解卡包详细介绍」

「关于新旧」

1.该卡包为23最新版!

「关于购买」

1.ios用户App内需要充值固定金额,如不想充值,可以复制链接到Safari 或 按照3.描述操作,即可使用微信/支付宝,之后返回APP即为已购买。

2.ios用户如需要使用原版Anki,也必须通过Safari下载,因为ios记忆卡导出格式为.card,网页下载为.apkg,而原版只支持.apkg格式导入。

3.ios用户长按这句话,选择Open Link,即可用Safari访问购买下载。

「Q & A」

Q1:都能在哪里用?Anki原版能用吗?

A1:记忆卡「ios & 安卓」,记忆卡网页版,Anki原版「ios & 安卓」,Anki Pc端,都统一可用,排版一致。也就是全版本都可用。

Q2:有夜间模式吗?

A2:原版支持夜间模式。

Q3:我还有其他问题想问,怎么找到你?

A3:群802050564,看到秒回,未秒回则必是没看到「安卓用户点击群号快速加群,ios长按群号,点击Open Link快速加群」

「其他资源」


「本卡包排版预览」















卡牌预览
共 6181 张卡牌
以下是不经过排版的卡牌内容,非实际展示效果,仅用于了解记忆库中的内容
正面:perform
我的笔记:
US:/pərˈfɔːrm/
UK:/pəˈfɔːm/
释义:v.执行;履行;表演;做网络演出;完成;表现
词类:初中高中CET4CET6考研IELTSTOEFLSAT商务英语
分布:执行(69%),表演(18%),履行(11%),运转(1%),举行(1%)
中文释义:Watching观看 watch television/TV/a show/(英式) a programme/(北美) a program/a documentary/a pilot/a rerun/a repeat看电视/电视节目/纪实电视节目/试播节目/重播的电视节目 see (especially 英式) an ad/(especially 北美) a commercial/the news/the weather看广告/新闻/天气节目 catch/miss a show/a programme/a program/an episode/the news看/错过电视节目/电视连续剧的一集/新闻节目 pick up/reach for/grab the remote (control)拿起/伸手去拿/抓起遥控器 change/switch channel换频道 surf (through)/ (especially 北美) flip through/ (especially 英式) flick through the channels快速浏览电视频道 sit in front of/switch on/switch off/turn on/turn off the television/the TV/the TV set坐在电视机前;开/关电视 have/install satellite (TV)/cable (TV)/a satellite dish有/安装卫星电视/有线电视/卫星电视碟形天线Showing播放 show a programme/a documentary/an ad/a commercial播放电视节目/纪实电视节目/广告 screen a programme/a documentary播放电视节目/纪实电视节目 run an ad/a commercial播放广告 broadcast/ (especially 北美) air/repeat a show/a programme/a documentary/an episode/a series播放/重播电视节目/纪实电视节目/电视连续剧的一集/系列节目 go out/air/be recorded live现场直播/录制 attract/draw (in)/pull (in) viewers吸引观众 be a hit with viewers/audiences/critics受到电视观众/观众/评论家的喜爱 get (low/high) ratings有(低/高)收视率Appearing演出 be on/appear on television/TV/a TV show在电视上/电视节目中露面 take part in a phone-in/a game show/a quiz show/a reality TV show参与热线直播节目/游戏节目/智力游戏节目/电视真人秀 host a show/a programme/series/a game show/a quiz show/a talk show/(英式) a chat show主持电视节目/系列节目/游戏节目/智力游戏节目/访谈节目 be/become/work as a/an (英式) TV presenter/talk-show host/sports commentator/anchorman/(英式) newsreader是/成为/当电视节目主持人/访谈节目主持人/体育运动实况解说员/新闻节目主持人/新闻播音员 read/present the news播报新闻 appear/perform live (on TV)(在电视上)现场表演Programme-making节目制作 do/film/make a show/a programme/a documentary/an episode/a pilot/a series/an ad/a commercial拍摄电视节目/纪实电视节目/电视连续剧的一集/试播节目/系列节目/广告 work on a soap (opera)/a pilot (episode)/a sitcom制作肥皂剧/试播节目(的一集)/情景喜剧 write/produce a drama/sitcom/spin-off/comedy series写/拍摄戏剧/情景喜剧/电视系列剧的派生作品/喜剧连续剧
断词:
词源:perform完成,履行,做;表演,演出来源于古法语中由前缀par-和动词fournir(完成,实现,--也是英语furnish的词源)组成的复合词parfournir, 在盎格鲁-诺曼底语中为parformer,进入英语为perform。perform履行,表现来自盎格鲁法语performer,履行,行使职责,来自古法语parfornir,执行,履行,来自par-,完全的,整个的,词源同per-,fornir,提供,形成,词源同frame,furnish.拼写受form影响俗化。
辨析:performconductexecutefulfil「导航词义:执行,实施」performv.执行,实行「辨析」尤指做困难或有用的事情。「例句」When was that emergency operation performed?那个急诊手术是什么时候做的?Experts performed an analysis of the survey data.专家对调查数据进行了分析。conductv.执行,实施,进行「辨析」尤指为获取信息或证实某事而进行某一活动或过程。「例句」In her opinion, conducting a survey is the best way to collect the information needed.她认为进行调查是搜集所需信息的最好方式。He wanted to know how to conduct science experiments.他想知道如何进行科学实验。executev.〈正式〉执行,实行「辨析」指实施详细的计划。「例句」They are executing a nursing care plan.他们正在实施一个护理计划。The plot was very cleverly executed.这一秘密计划实施得很巧妙。fulfil(美亦作fulfill)v.执行,履行;符合「辨析」指做要求或必须做的事情,如履行职责、义务等;也可指满足必要或应有的条件或要求,如达到标准等。「例句」It is necessary for the member states to fulfil their obligations under the treaty.成员国必须履行条约所规定的义务。As a teacher, it is important for you to fulfil your role.作为一名教师,恪尽职守很重要。These pieces of equipment failed to fulfil safety requirements.这些设备未能符合安全要求。domakeperform「导航词义:做」dov.做,干「辨析」普通用词,泛指完成动作、行为等。「例句」Can you do the experiment?你能做这项实验吗?I have nothing to do.我无事可做。makev.做,进行「辨析」常与某些名词连用,表示某人做某事。「例句」He has made a mistake.他犯了一个错误。I suppose you should make a start on cleaning the room.我想你该开始清扫房间了。performv.做,执行「辨析」尤指完成有用的或难度较大的事情。「例句」The operation was performed by a young doctor.这个手术是由一位年轻医生完成的。The little boy is good at performing calculations.那个小男孩擅长计算。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:1
中文释义2:
助记:
同义词:
反义词:
派生词:performing [pəˈfɔːmɪŋ] adj.表演的;履行的
词组:perform in the role of 扮演……的角色
复合词:
辨别:
相关问题:
相关:
考题:
例句:She ~ed on the violin skillfully on the stage. 她在舞台上娴熟地演奏小提琴。~ an experiment 做实验 / ~ one's duty(promise) 履行职责(诺言)Although she had never been interviewed on TV before, she ~ ed well. 她虽然以前从未接受过电视采访,可是表现得很出色。
原书释义:v.演奏,演出,表演v.做,执行,完成v.工作,表现
原书音标:[pəˈfɔːm]
真题例句:To be sure, he performs an impressive variety of interesting compositions, but it is not necessary for me to visit Avery Fisher Hall, or anywhere else, to hear interesting orchestral music.出自-2011年考研阅读原文翻译可以肯定的是,他演奏了令人印象深刻的各种有趣的作品,但我没有必要去Avery Fisher Hall或其他任何地方,来听有趣的管弦乐。Rather than just focusing on GDP, over 40 different sets of criteria from health, education and civil society engagement have been measured to get a more rounded assessment of how countries are performing.出自-2017年考研阅读原文翻译不仅关注GDP,还衡量了来自卫生、教育和民间社会参与等40多种不同标准,以更全面地评估各国的表现。These new forms were at first mainly written by scholars and performed by amateurs, but in England, as everywhere else in western Europe, the growth of a class of professional actors was threatening to make the drama popular, whether it should be new or old, classical or medieval, literary or farcical.出自-2018年考研翻译原文翻译这些新形式起初主要由学者和由业余表演,但在英格兰,在西欧,其他地方的增长类专业演员的威胁使戏剧流行,是否应该是新的或旧的,古典或中世纪文学或滑稽。In short, these are the types of jobs that machines can perform much better at than human beings.2014年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译简而言之,这些都是机器能比人类做得更好的工作。Other scientists perform the specialised work of peer review also for free, because it is a central element in the acquisition of status and the production of scientific knowledge.2020年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译其他科学家从事同行评议的专业工作也是免费的,因为这是获得地位和科学知识生产的核心因素。Research on animal intelligence also makes me wonder what experiments animals would perform on humans if they had the chance.2009年考研真题(英语一)完形填空 Section Ⅰ翻译对动物智力的研究也让我好奇,如果有机会,动物会在人类身上做什么实验。Studies from the United States and Australia show that students who take a gap year are generally better prepared for and perform better in college than those who do not.2017年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译来自美国和澳大利亚的研究表明,经历过间隔年的学生通常比没有经历过间隔年的学生在大学里准备得更好,表现也更好。The likelihood of being named in a federal class-action lawsuit also increases, and the stock is likely to perform worse.2011年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译在联邦集体诉讼中被点名的可能性也在增加,该股的表现可能会更糟。They are designed to perform very predictable activities.2014年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译它们被设计用来执行非常可预测的活动。
单词变型:第三人称单数performs过去式performed过去式完成时performed现在分词performing
真题分布:14考研释义分布「近11年14次」v. 执行; 实施6次The thought of holding a fixed grin as the camera performed its magical duties was too much to contemplate.当摄像机执行其神奇的任务时,一想到要保持一个固定的笑容,就令人难以想象。2021 英语一 阅读理解AIn short, these are the types of jobs that machines can perform much better at than human beings.简而言之,这些是机器比人类更擅长的工作类型。2014 英语二 阅读理解AThey are designed to perform very predictable activities.它们被设计来执行非常可预测的活动。2014 英语二 阅读理解Av. (人)表现; (事物)运转6次Over 40 different sets of criteria have been measured to get a more rounded assessment of how countries are performing.已对40多套不同的标准进行了衡量,以更全面地评估各国的表现。2017 英语一 阅读理解AStudents who take a gap year are generally better prepared for and perform better in college than those who do not.选择间隔年的学生通常比未选择间隔年的学生对大学生活准备更充分,其在校表现也更好。2017 英语二 阅读理解AWhat about the students who performed well on the tests and did their homework?那些在考试中表现良好并且完成家庭作业的学生呢?2012 英语二 阅读理解Av. 表演; 演出2次The Sydney Symphony Orchestra performed a reworked version of Antonio Vivaldi's The Four Seasons.悉尼交响乐团演奏了安东尼奥·维瓦尔第的《四季》的改编版本。2022 英语一 阅读理解AThese new forms were at first mainly written by scholars and performed by amateurs.这些新形式起初主要由学者编写,由业余爱好者表演。2018 英语一 翻译
词根词缀:per-完全, 贯穿form形状
word:perform
重要程度:5
正面:performance
我的笔记:
US:/pərˈfɔːrməns/
UK:/pəˈfɔːməns/
释义:n.性能;表现;业绩;表演网络绩效;演出;效能
词类:高中CET4CET6考研IELTSGMAT
分布:性能(47%),表演(20%),表现(19%),业绩(6%),履行(4%),实行(2%),本事(2%)
中文释义:Listening听 listen to/enjoy/love/be into music/classical music/jazz/pop/hip-hop, etc.听/欣赏/喜爱/迷上音乐/古典音乐/爵士乐/流行音乐/嘻哈音乐等 listen to the radio/an MP3 player/a CD听收音机/MP3 播放器/CD put on/play a CD/a song/some music播放 CD/歌曲/音乐 turn down/up the music/radio/volume/bass调小/调大音乐/收音机/音量/低音 go to a concert/festival/gig/performance/recital去听音乐会;去看会演/现场演唱会/演出/音乐演奏会 copy/burn/rip music/a CD/a DVD复制/刻录/翻录音乐/CD/DVD download music/an album/a song/a demo/a video下载音乐/专辑/歌曲/录音样带/视频Playing演奏 play a musical instrument/the piano/percussion/a note/a riff/the melody/a concerto/a duet/by ear演奏乐器/钢琴/打击乐/音符/重复段/主旋律/协奏曲/二重奏;凭听觉记忆演奏 sing an anthem/a ballad/a solo/an aria/the blues/in a choir/soprano/alto/tenor/bass/out of tune唱国歌/民歌;独唱;唱咏叹调/蓝调歌曲;在合唱团演唱;唱女高音/中音/男高音/男低音;唱歌走调 hum a tune/a theme tune/a lullaby哼曲子/主题曲/摇篮曲 accompany a singer/choir为歌手/合唱团伴奏 strum a chord/guitar弹奏和弦/吉他Performing表演 form/start/get together/join/quit/leave a band组建/创办/组成/加入/退出/离开乐队 give a performance/concert/recital表演节目;举办音乐会/音乐演奏会 do a concert/recital/gig开音乐会/音乐演奏会/现场演唱会 play a concert/gig/festival/venue在音乐会/现场演唱会/会演/音乐厅演出 perform (英式) at/in a concert/(especially 北美) a concert在音乐会上演出 appear at a festival/live现身会演;现场表演 go on/embark on a (world) tour进行/开始(全球)巡演Recording录制 write/compose music/a ballad/a melody/a tune/a song/a theme song/an opera/a symphony写/创作音乐/民谣/旋律/曲子/歌曲/主题歌/歌剧/交响曲 land/get/sign a record deal获得/签署唱片合约 be signed to/be dropped by a record company与唱片公司签约;被唱片公司解约 record/release/put out an album/a single/a CD录制/发行/出版专辑/单曲/CD be top of/top the charts高居每周流行唱片排行榜之首 get to/go straight to/go straight in at/enter the charts at number one位列/一举登上/进入排行榜首位
断词:
词源:performance履行,执行;表演,演出;性能,特性词源解释见perform词条 词根词缀 perform + -anceperformance表现,性能来自perform,履行,表现。引申词义性能等。
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:2
中文释义2:
助记:perform(执行,表演)+ance(名词后缀)→执行
同义词:
反义词:
派生词:
词组:
复合词:
辨别:
相关问题:
相关:
考题:By all accounts he was a freethinking person, and a courageous one, and I find courage an essential quality for the understanding, let alone the performance, of his works.总而言之,他是一个思想不受约束的人,而且是一个富有勇气的人。而我发现,勇气这一品质是理解他作品的关键,更不必说是演出其作品的关键。[2014年考研英译汉]
例句:A security must be obtained for the due ~ of the contract. 必须获得正常履行合同的担保。He maintained that the ~ was a splendid one. 他坚持认为演出很精彩。The child's kicks and screams make a disgraceful ~. 这孩子踢打喊叫,表现得很不体面。
原书释义:n.执行,履行,做 (u)n.表演,演出;演技 (c)n.表现,行为;业绩 (c)
原书音标:[pəˈfɔːməns]
真题例句:We are fortunate that is it, because new educational systems there and putting enough people through them to improve economic performance would require two or three generations.出自-2009年考研阅读原文翻译我们很幸运,因为新的教育体系,让足够多的人接受教育来改善经济表现,需要两到三代人的时间。This increasingly high level of education is probably a necessary, but not a sufficient, condition for the complex political systems required by advanced economic performance.出自-2009年考研阅读原文翻译对于先进的经济表现所需要的复杂政治制度来说,这种日益高水平的教育可能是必要的,但不是充分的条件。The U.workforce was derided as poorly educated and one of primary cause of the poor U.economic performance.出自-2009年考研阅读原文翻译美国劳动力被嘲笑为受教育程度低,是美国经济表现不佳的主要原因之一。There recordings are cheap, available everywhere, and very often much higher in artistic quality than today’s live performances; moreover, they can be “consumed” at a time and place of the listener’s choosing.出自-2011年考研阅读原文翻译那里的录音很便宜,到处都可以买到,而且通常比今天的现场表演的艺术质量高得多;此外,它们可以在听众选择的时间和地点“消费”。For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians of the 20th century.出自-2011年考研阅读原文翻译为了获得热爱艺术的公众的时间、注意力和金钱,古典乐器演奏家不仅要与歌剧院、舞蹈团、剧团和博物馆竞争,而且还要与20世纪伟大的古典音乐家录制的表演作品竞争。Devoted concertgoers who reply that recordings are no substitute for live performance are missing the point.出自-2011年考研阅读原文翻译忠实的音乐会观众回答说,录音不能代替现场表演,他们没有抓住重点。By all accounts he was a freethinking person, and a courageous one, and I find courage an essential quality for the understanding, let alone the performance, of his works.出自-2014年考研翻译原文翻译据说他是一个思想自由、勇敢的人,我发现勇气是理解他作品的基本品质,更不用说表演他的作品了。Although a correlation between them leaving and subsequent bad performance at the firm is suggestive, it does not mean that such directors are always jumping off a sinking ship.2011年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译尽管他们离职与公司随后的糟糕表现之间的相关性暗示着这一点,但这并不意味着这些董事总是在从正在下沉的船上跳下去。Britain's new rule is a reminder to bankers that society has an interest in their performance, not just for the short term but for the long term.2019年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译英国的新规定提醒银行家,社会对他们的表现有兴趣,不仅是短期的,而且是长期的。Emerging in the late sixties and reaching a peak in the Seventies, Land Art was one of a range of new forms, including Body Art,Performance Art, Action Art and Installation Art, which pushed art beyond the traditional confines of the studio and gallery.2014年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译大地艺术兴起于60年代末,在70年代达到顶峰,它是包括身体艺术、行为艺术、动作艺术和装置艺术在内的一系列新艺术形式之一,把艺术从传统的工作室和画廊的限制中推了出来。In its latest survey of CEO pay, The Wall Street Journal finds that "a substantial part" of executive pay is now tied to performance.2019年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译《华尔街日报》(The Wall Street Journal)对CEO薪酬进行的最新调查发现,高管薪酬的“很大一部分”现在与业绩挂钩。In the US, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 has pushed most public companies to defer performance bonuses for senior executives by about a year, slightly helping reduce "short-termism."2019年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译在美国,2002年的《萨班斯-奥克斯利法案》(Sarbanes-Oxley Act)已迫使多数上市公司将高管绩效奖金推迟一年左右,这略微有助于减少“短期主义”。The program keeps track of your progress and provides detailed feedback on your performance and improvement.2014年考研真题(英语一)完形填空 Section Ⅰ翻译该程序跟踪您的进展,并提供详细的反馈,您的表现和改进。We are fortunate that is it, because building new educational systems there and putting enough people through them to improve economic performance would require two or three generations.2009年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译我们很幸运,因为在那里建立新的教育体系,让足够多的人接受教育来改善经济表现,需要两到三代人的时间。When there is rapid improvement in the price and performance of technology, jobs that were once thought to be immune from automation suddenly become threatened.2014年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译当技术的价格和性能迅速改善时,曾经被认为不受自动化影响的工作突然受到威胁。
单词变型:复数performances
真题分布:12考研释义分布「近11年12次」n. 表现; 业绩; 性能9次Use of their gut hurt their performance on the first four tasks, as expected, and helped them on the rest.正如预期的那样,使用他们的直觉会影响他们在前四项任务中的表现,但却会帮助他们完成余下的任务。2021 英语二 阅读理解AIn its latest survey of CEO pay, The Wall Street Journal finds that "a substantial part" of executive pay is now tied to performance.《华尔街日报》最近对CEO薪酬的调查发现,高管薪酬中“很大一部分”现在与业绩挂钩。2019 英语一 阅读理解AThe program keeps track of your progress and provides detailed feedback on your performance and improvement.这个程序会跟踪你的进度,提供详细的反馈并改进性能。2014 英语一 完型填空n. 表演; 演出3次The performance was a creative call to action ahead of November's United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, UK.这次表演在英国格拉斯哥举行11月的联合国气候变化大会前进行,是一次创造性的行动呼吁。2022 英语一 阅读理解AI find courage an essential quality for the understanding, let alone the performance, of his works.我发现勇气是理解他的作品必不可少的品质,更不用说表演他的作品了。2014 英语一 翻译Land Art was one of a range of new forms, including Body Art, Performance Art, Action Art and Installation Art.地景艺术作为新形式的一种,包括人体艺术、表演艺术、行为艺术和装饰艺术在内。2014 英语二 阅读理解Bn. 做; 执行; 履行0次n. 麻烦; 忙乱0次
词根词缀:performv. 执行-ance性质, 状况per-完全, 贯穿form形状
word:performance
重要程度:5
正面:period
我的笔记:
US:/ˈpɪriəd/
UK:/ˈpɪəriəd/
释义:n.时期;阶段;时代;句点int.不用再说了;就是这样;就这么定了;用于强调已经没有讨论的必要adj.当时的;当年的;那个年代的adv.(用于句末,强调不再多说)到此为止网络周期;句号;期间
词类:初中高中CET4CET6考研SAT商务英语
分布:时期(55%),一段时间(16%),周期(11%),句号(8%),学时(4%),月经(4%),课时(2%)
中文释义:noun,adverb,adjective period AW 英式 /ˈpɪəriəd/ 北美 /ˈpɪriəd/ noun➤length of time时间长度 a particular length of time一段时间;时期a period of consultation/mourning/uncertainty磋商/哀悼/形势不明朗的期间The factory will be closed down over a 2-year period/a period of two years.这家工厂将在两年内关闭。This compares with a 4% increase for the same period last year. 这个数字与去年同期的 4% 升幅相近。This offer is available for a limited period only. 这项优惠仅在限期内有效。All these changes happened over a period of time. 所有这些变化都是在一段时间内发生的。The aim is to reduce traffic at peak periods. 目的是降低高峰时段的交通流量。You can have it for a trial period (= in order to test it). 这东西你可以试用一段时间。  ➡  see also cooling-off period a length of time in the life of a particular person or in the history of a particular country(人生或国家历史的)阶段,时期,时代Which period of history would you most like to have lived in? 你最喜欢生活在哪一个历史时期?the post-war period战后时期Like Picasso, she too had a blue period. 和毕加索一样,她也有过一段以蓝色为主调的创作时期。Most teenagers go through a period of rebelling. 大多数青少年都要经历一段叛逆期。(geology地质学) a length of time which is a division of an era. A period is divided into epochs.纪(地质年代,代下分纪,纪下分世)the Jurassic period侏罗纪➤lesson课时any of the parts that a day is divided into at a school, college, etc. for study节;学时;课'What do you have next period?' 'French.' “你下一节是什么课?” “法语。”a free/study period (= for private study) 自习课➤woman妇女the flow of blood each month from the body of a woman who is not pregnant月经;经期;例假period pains痛经monthly periods月经When did you last have a period? 你上一次月经是什么时候?  ➡  compare menstruation ➤punctuation标点(北美) (英式 ˌfull ˈstop) the mark ( . ) used at the end of a sentence and in some abbreviations, for example e.g. 句点;句号 period AW 英式 /ˈpɪəriəd/ 北美 /ˈpɪriəd/ adverb(especially 北美) (英式 also ˌfull ˈstop) (informal) used at the end of a sentence to emphasize that there is nothing more to say about a subject(用于句末,强调不再多说)到此为止,就是这话The answer is no, period! 答复是不,不再说了! period AW 英式 /ˈpɪəriəd/ 北美 /ˈpɪriəd/ adjective [only before noun] having a style typical of a particular time in history具有某个时代特征的period costumes/furniture代表某一时期的服装/家具
断词:
词源:period时期,阶段,句号来自希腊语periodos,圈,循环,来自peri-,在周围,hodos,上路,旅程,离开,词源同anode,method.引申词义时期,阶段,句号等。period句号英语的“句号”叫period或 fullstop.Period来逢希腊语的periodus,意思是“周期”,“循环”,period至今仍保留着这层意思。到了16世纪末,这个词则用来指任何动作的完成时刻,继而指一个句子的完结,或一句话后的停顿时间,最后才变成一个圆点,标志一个句子的结束。
辨析:phaseperiodspellstage「导航词义:阶段,时期」phasen.阶段,时期「辨析」指发展或变化过程中的某一个阶段。「例句」The building is in the design phase.这栋大楼正处于设计阶段。The critical phase of that experiment will last three months.那个实验的关键性阶段将持续3个月。periodn.时期「辨析」指有开始和结束的一段时间。「例句」His studies improved in a very short period of time.他的学业在很短的时间里便取得了进步。New employees have been trained over a six-week period.新员工接受了为期6周的培训。spelln.一段时间,一阵「辨析」指某种活动、天气、疾病等持续的一段时间,通常为期较短。「例句」After a short spell in the army, he returned to his former university.在部队呆了一小段时间后,他又回到原来的大学。She worked a spell as a teacher before becoming a civil servant.在成为公务员以前她当过一阵老师。stagen.阶段「辨析」指成长或发展的某一时期,也可指某一进程、活动等中的一个阶段。「例句」the early stage of a kid's development儿童成长的早期These two teams reached the final stage of the competition.这两支队伍进入了决赛阶段。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:3
中文释义2:
助记:
同义词:
反义词:
派生词:
词组:① put a period to sth.终止(取缔或结束)某事物 ② at no period 从未有过 ③ come to a period 结束,告终
复合词:
辨别:
相关问题:
相关:
考题:
例句:The satellite revolves with a ~ of some 200 days. 这颗卫星以大约每圈200天的周期运行。His energetic activities covered a ~ of ten years. 他精力充沛地活跃了十年。In this school, a ~ is 45 minutes long. 本校每节课45分钟。A ~ is used with most abbreviations. 大部分简写得用句点。
原书释义:n.周期,一段时间n.时期,时代n.学时,课时 (c)n.句点,句号
原书音标:[ˈpɪərɪəd]
真题例句:Precisely because readers from different historical periods, places and social experiences produce different but overlapping readings of the same words on the page-including for texts that engage with fundamental human concerns-debates about texts can play an important role in social discussion of beliefs and values.出自-2015年考研阅读原文翻译正是因为来自不同历史时期、不同地方和不同社会经历的读者对同一页文字产生了不同但又重叠的阅读——包括涉及基本人类关切的文本——关于文本的辩论可以在信仰和价值观的社会讨论中发挥重要作用。Factors such as the place and period in which we are reading, our gender ethnicity, age and social class will encourage us towards certain interpretation but at the same time obscure or even close off others.出自-2015年考研阅读原文翻译我们阅读的地点和时期、我们的性别、种族、年龄和社会阶层等因素会鼓励我们做出某种解释,但同时也会模糊甚至封闭其他人。If you’re in a period of change or just feeling stuck and in a rut, now may be a good time.出自-2016年考研阅读原文翻译如果你正处于一个变化的时期,或者只是感觉陷入了困境,现在可能是一个好时机。The development of the Elizabethan drama for the next twenty-five years is of exceptional interest to students of literary history, for in this brief period we may trace the beginning, growth, blossoming, and decay of many kinds of plays, and of many great careers.出自-2018年考研翻译原文翻译对于研究文学史的学生来说,伊丽莎白时代戏剧在接下来的25年里的发展是非常有趣的,因为在这短短的一段时间里,我们可以追溯许多种类戏剧的开始、发展、兴盛和衰落,以及许多伟大的事业。Shakespeare’s life time was coincident with a period of extraordinary activity and achievement in the drama.出自-2018年考研翻译原文翻译莎士比亚的一生正好赶上戏剧界异常活跃和取得非凡成就的时期。The State, War, and Navy Building, as it was originally known, housed the three Executive Branch Departments most intimately associated with formulating and conducting the nation's foreign policy in the last quarter of the nineteenth century and the first quarter of the twentieth century-the period when the United States emerged as an international power.出自-2018年考研阅读原文翻译它最初被称为“国家、战争和海军大楼”,在19世纪的最后25年和20世纪的前25年,美国成为了一个国际大国,这段时期,三个行政部门与制定和执行国家的外交政策有着最密切的联系。Divorced persons may remarry, but a gender prejudice shows up: The divorced male doesn't have a waiting period before he can remarry while the woman must wait ten months.2016年考研真题(英语一)完形填空 Section Ⅰ翻译离婚的人可能会再婚,但性别偏见出现了:离婚的男性没有等待期,而女性必须等待10个月。If you're in a period of change or just feeling stuck and in a rut, now may be a good time.2016年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译如果你正处于一个变化的时期,或者只是感觉陷入了困境,现在可能是一个好时机。Indeed, this period of economic weakness may reinforce class divides, and decrease opportunities to cross them—especially for young people.2012年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译事实上,这段经济疲软时期可能会加剧阶级分化,并减少跨越鸿沟的机会——尤其是对年轻人而言。The State, War, and Navy Building, as it was originally known, housed the three Executive Branch Departments most intimately associated with formulating and conducting the nation's foreign policy in the last quarter of the nineteenth century and the first2018年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译最初被称为国家、战争和海军大楼的三个行政部门在19世纪最后25年和第一个世纪与制定和执行国家外交政策有着最密切的联系Yet it is principally during this period of stronger governance that CEO pay has been high and rising.2020年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译然而,首席执行官的薪酬一直居高不下,而且还在不断上升,这主要是在公司治理更强的时期。
单词变型:复数periods
真题分布:20考研释义分布「近11年20次」n. 时间; 时期; 阶段20次It peaks in young adulthood, levels out for a period of time, and then generally starts to slowly decline as we age.它在成年初期达到峰值,在一段时间内趋于稳定,然后通常会随着我们年龄的增长开始慢慢下降。2021 英语一 完型填空Yet it is principally during this period of stronger governance that CEO pay has been high and rising.然而,主要且恰恰在这一加强治理的时期,首席执行官的薪酬居高不下、持续上涨。2020 英语二 阅读理解AIf you're in a period of change or just feeling stuck and in a rut, now may be a good time.如果你正处于一段改变的时期,或者只是感觉停滞不前,现在可能是一个好时机。2016 英语一 阅读理解Bn. 课; 课时0次n. 句号0次adj. 古代的0次n. 月经; 经期0次n. (体育比赛的)局0次n. [地质学]纪0次n. 周期0次
词根词缀:peri-周围, 靠近od路
word:period
重要程度:5
正面:periodical
我的笔记:
US:/ˌpɪriˈɑːdɪkl/
UK:/ˌpɪəriˈɒdɪk(ə)l/
释义:adj.定期的;时常发生的;定期发行的n.(学术)期刊网络杂志;周期的;刊物
词类:CET4CET6考研IELTSTOEFLGREGMATSAT商务英语
分布:期刊(92%),定期的(8%)
中文释义: peri·od·ical AW 英式 /ˌpɪəriˈɒdɪkl/ 北美 /ˌpɪriˈɑːdɪkl/ nouna magazine that is published every week, month, etc., especially one that is concerned with an academic subject(学术)期刊
断词:
词源:periodical期刊来自periodic,周期性的。此处形容词作名词,引申词义周刊。
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:4
中文释义2:
助记:period(周期)+ical(形容词后缀)→周期的
同义词:
反义词:
派生词:
词组:
复合词:
辨别:magazine, periodical, journal ① magazine 一般指大开本,有插图的杂志,内有小说、广告、诗歌、问题的讨论等,定期出版发行。 ② periodical 指一切定期出版的学术期刊。 ③ journal 尤其指对过去所发生事件进行陈述说明的杂志或日报,一般都有主要的对象和专题。
相关问题:
相关:
考题:
例句:I expect regular ~ reports from you. 我期待着你的定期汇报。a ~ room 期刊阅览室
原书释义:adj.周期的,定期的n.(学术)期刊,杂志
原书音标:[ˌpɪəriˈɒdɪkl]
真题例句:
单词变型:复数periodicals
真题分布:0考研释义分布「近11年0次」adj. 周期的; 定期的0次n. 期刊; 杂志0次
词根词缀:periodicadj. 间歇的-al...的periodn. 时间-ic...的
word:periodical
重要程度:3
正面:perish
我的笔记:
US:/ˈperɪʃ/
UK:/ˈperɪʃ/
释义:v.死亡;毁灭;暴死;丧失网络枯萎;消亡;灭亡
词类:CET6考研TOEFLGRE
分布:毁灭(58%),腐烂(22%),消失(16%),使死亡(4%)
中文释义: per·ish英式 /ˈperɪʃ/ 北美 /ˈperɪʃ/ verb [intransitive] (formal or literary) (of people or animals人或动物) to die, especially in a sudden violent way死亡;暴死A family of four perished in the fire. 一家四口死于此次火灾之中。 [intransitive] (formal) to be lost or destroyed丧失;湮灭;毁灭Early buildings were made of wood and have perished. 早期建筑物为木质结构,已经消失殆尽。 [intransitive, transitive] ~ (sth) (英式) if a material such as rubber perishes or is perished, it becomes damaged, weaker or full of holes(使橡胶等)老化,脆裂ˌperish the ˈthought(informal or humorous) used to say that you find a suggestion unacceptable or that you hope that sth will never happen(用于拒绝一项建议或希望某事永不发生)没门儿,甭想了,下辈子吧Me get married? Perish the thought! 我结婚?下辈子再说吧!
断词:
词源:perish毁灭,湮灭;死亡,暴死;(使橡胶等)老化,脆裂来源于拉丁语中由前缀per-(完全,贯穿)和基本动词ire(行,走)组成的复合动词perire(去世),经由古法语periss-进入英语为perish。 词根词缀 per-完全,贯穿 + -ish( = -it- )行,走perish死亡,毁灭来自古法语periss-,来自拉丁语perire,走完,走尽,来自per-,穿过,完全的,ire,走,行程,词源同exit,itinerary.引申词义死亡,毁灭。-iss,分词格。
辨析:diepass awayperish「导航词义:死亡」diev.死亡,死去「辨析」指生物失去生命或事物不复存在。「例句」The old man died last week.那个老人上周去世了。Hundreds of refugees died of starvation.数百名难民死于饥饿。My love will never die.我的爱始终不渝。pass awayphr. v.去世,过世「辨析」die 的委婉说法。「例句」Her uncle passed away last night.她叔父昨晚去世了。The famous author passed away suddenly.那位著名作家突然去世了。perishv.〈正式或文〉死亡,丧生「辨析」尤指惨死或猝死。「例句」Thousands perished when the tsunami hit that area.那一地区发生海啸,数千人罹难。John had a heart attack in the office and perished on the spot.约翰在办公室心脏病发作,当场死亡。
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所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:5
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派生词:perishable [ˈperɪʃəbl] adj.易腐烂的,易毁灭的
词组:perish the thought 没门儿,甭想了,下辈子吧
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例句:Thousands of people ~ ed in the earthquake. 那次大地震死者成千上万。The old religion is ~ ing. 这种旧宗教正在消亡。The seal on the bottle has ~ed. 瓶子的封记已经老化。
原书释义:v.死亡,丧生v.毁灭,消亡v.(食物等)腐败,腐烂;(物质或材料)老化,脆裂
原书音标:[ˈpɛrɪʃ]
真题例句:
单词变型:第三人称单数perishes过去式perished过去式完成时perished现在分词perishing
真题分布:0考研释义分布「近11年0次」v. 死亡; 丧生0次v. 毁灭; 消亡0次v. 腐败; 腐烂; 老化0次
词根词缀:per-完全, 贯穿-ish像...一样
word:perish
重要程度:3
正面:perpetual
我的笔记:
US:/pərˈpetʃuəl/
UK:/pəˈpetʃuəl/
释义:adj.不间断的;持续的;长久的;一再反复的n.【园】四季开花的植物;多年生草网络永久的;永恒的;永远的
词类:CET6考研IELTSTOEFLGRE
分布:永久的(55%),永恒的(43%),一再往复的(2%)
中文释义: per·pet·ual英式 /pəˈpetʃuəl/ 北美 /pərˈpetʃuəl/ adjective [usually before noun] continuing for a long period of time without interruption不间断的;持续的;长久的 SYN continuous the perpetual noise of traffic持续不断的交通噪声We lived for years in a perpetual state of fear. 多年来我们一直生活在恐惧中。 [usually before noun] frequently repeated, in a way that is annoying一再反复的;无尽无休的;没完没了的 SYN continual How can I work with these perpetual interruptions? 打扰不断,让我怎么工作? [only before noun] (of a job or position工作或职位) lasting for the whole of sb's life终身的;永久的He was elected perpetual president. 他被选为终身会长。(humorous) She's a perpetual student. 她是个终身学习者。 per·petu·al·ly 英式 /pəˈpetʃuəli/ 北美 /pərˈpetʃuəli/ adverb
断词:
词源:perpetual持续的,长久的来自perpetuate,使持续。
辨析:permanentenduringeverlastingperpetual「导航词义:永久的,持久的」permanentadj.长久的;永恒的「辨析」指长时间持续或永久性存在的。「例句」He has a permanent job.他有份固定工作。Is this a permanent change in her writing style?这是她写作风格的永久改变吗?enduringadj.持久的「辨析」指持续很长时间的。「例句」The success of this movie lies in the enduring appeal of Shakespeare's plays.这部电影的成功在于莎士比亚戏剧经久不衰的魅力。His enduring hatred for her made it impossible for them to become friends.他对她持久的仇恨让他们无法成为朋友。everlastingadj.〈正式〉永久的,永恒的「辨析」指永远持续下去的,即使在某人逝世之后仍然如此。「例句」His noble character has won him everlasting fame.他高尚的品格为他赢得了永久的名声。Do you think everlasting love really exists?你认为真的有永恒之爱吗?perpetualadj.长久的,持续不断的;终身的「辨析」指一直存在、从不改变或停止的,作此义解时通常作定语;也指工作或职位终身的,作此义解时只作定语。「例句」Can you explain the perpetual snow on that mountaintop?你知道为什么那座山的山顶常年积雪吗?When was she elected perpetual president?她何时当选终身会长的?
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:6
中文释义2:
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同义词:continuous, continual, endless, permanent, lasting
反义词:temporary adj. 暂时的,临时的
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例句:He is on a ~ search for truth. 他在寻求永恒的真理。
原书释义:adj.永恒的;反复的;没完没了的
原书音标:[pəˈpɛtʃʊəl]
真题例句:
单词变型:副词perpetually
真题分布:0考研释义分布「近11年0次」adj. 永恒的; 反复的0次
词根词缀:per-完全, 贯穿pet追寻;  寻求-ual...的
word:perpetual
重要程度:3
正面:perplex
我的笔记:
US:/pərˈpleks/
UK:/pəˈpleks/
释义:v.迷惑;使困惑网络难住;使迷惑;使费解
词类:CET6考研IELTSGREGMAT
分布:使困惑(46%),使复杂化(36%),使糊涂(18%)
中文释义: per·plex英式 /pəˈpleks/ 北美 /pərˈpleks/ verb [usually passive] ~ sb | it perplexes sb that… if sth perplexes you, it makes you confused or worried because you do not understand it迷惑;使困惑 SYN puzzle They were perplexed by her response. 她的答复令他们困惑不解。 per·plex·ing 英式 /pəˈpleksɪŋ/ 北美 /pərˈpleksɪŋ/ adjectivea perplexing problem令人不解的问题
断词:
词源:perplex使困惑,使费解,使复杂化 词根词缀 per-完全,贯穿 + -plex-重叠,编织 → 重重叠叠perplex使困惑per-,完全的,-plex,卷,缠绕,词源同ply,complex.引申词义使困惑。
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正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:7
中文释义2:
助记:
同义词:puzzle, confuse
反义词:simplify v. 单一化,简单化
派生词:① perplexed [pəˈplekst] adj.困惑的,复杂的 ② perplexing [pəˈpleksɪŋ] adj.令人不解的;复杂的 ③ perplexity [pəˈplekəɪti] n.困惑,困难
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例句:The question ~ed him. 这个问题把他弄糊涂了。~ an issue 把问题弄得复杂化
原书释义:vt.使困惑,使茫然vt.使复杂化,使难办
原书音标:[pəˈplɛks]
真题例句:
单词变型:第三人称单数perplexes过去式perplexed过去式完成时perplexed现在分词perplexing形容词perplexing
真题分布:0考研释义分布「近11年0次」vt. 使困惑; 使茫然0次vt. 使复杂化0次
词根词缀:
word:perplex
重要程度:3
正面:perspective
我的笔记:
US:/pərˈspektɪv/
UK:/pəˈspektɪv/
释义:n.观点;远景;景观;透视法adj.(按照)透视画法的;透视的网络透视图;视角;看法
词类:高中CET4CET6考研IELTSTOEFLGREGMATSAT
分布:透视(53%),看法(25%),远景(14%),透视的(8%)
中文释义: per·spec·tive AW 英式 /pəˈspektɪv/ 北美 /pərˈspektɪv/ noun [countable] a particular attitude towards sth; a way of thinking about sth态度;观点;思考方法 SYN viewpoint a global perspective全球的视角Try to see the issue from a different perspective. 试以不同的角度看待这件事。a report that looks at the education system from the perspective of deaf people从聋人的角度看待教育制度的报告~ on sth His experience abroad provides a wider perspective on the problem. 他在国外的经历使他以更广阔的视角看待这个问题。 [uncountable] the ability to think about problems and decisions in a reasonable way without exaggerating their importance客观判断力;权衡轻重的能力She was aware that she was losing all sense of perspective. 她意识到自己正在失掉一切正确判断的能力。Try to keep these issues in perspective. 要尽量恰当地处理这些问题。Talking to others can often help to put your own problems into perspective. 跟别人谈谈往往有助于正确处理自己的问题。It is important not to let things get out of perspective. 重要的是不要把事情轻重倒置。 [uncountable] the art of creating an effect of depth and distance in a picture by representing people and things that are far away as being smaller than those that are nearer the front透视法We learnt how to draw buildings in perspective. 我们学习如何用透视法画建筑物。The tree on the left is out of perspective. 左侧的树不成比例。 [countable] (formal) a view, especially one in which you can see far into the distance景观;远景a perspective of the whole valley山谷全景
断词:
词源:perspective透视画法,透视图;远景,前途;观点,看法词根词缀 per-完全,贯穿 + -spect-看 + -ive名词词尾perspective观点,态度per-,完全的,-spect,看,词源同spectate,specter.引申词义观点,看法,态度。
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:8
中文释义2:
助记:
同义词:view, outlook
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词组:in the/its right/wrong perspective正确地(不正确地)
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例句:He tends to view most issues from a religious ~. 他常用宗教观点看待大多数问题。He tried to keep his ~ throughout the crisis. 他试图在整个危机中保持自己的洞察力。She has drawn a good ~. 她画了一幅很好的透视图。From the top of the hill you can get a ~ of the entire park. 从山顶上你能看到整个公园的景色。
原书释义:n.观点,看法 (c)n.判断力,洞察力 (u)n.透视画法,透视图 (u)n.远景,景观 (c)
原书音标:[pəˈspɛktɪv]
真题例句:This long perspective makes the pessimistic view of our prospects seem more likely to be a passing fad.出自-2013年考研阅读原文翻译这种长远的观点使我们对未来的悲观看法似乎更有可能成为一种短暂的时尚。It allows us to have perspective on our lives - the ability to not take ourselves too seriously, to laugh at ourselves, to see the bigger picture, and to see that things will work out.出自-2016年考研翻译原文翻译它让我们对自己的生活有一个视角——不把自己太当回事的能力,嘲笑自己的能力,看到更大的图景,看到事情会解决。"It's already a huge problem from a public expenditure perspective for the whole country," he says.2017年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译他表示:“从公共支出的角度来看,这已经是整个国家的一个巨大问题。”It's just about putting things into perspective.2019年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译只是要正确看待问题。
单词变型:复数perspectives
真题分布:8考研释义分布「近11年8次」n. 观点; 看法; 视角8次It's just about putting things into perspective.只是要从长远的角度来看问题。2019 英语二 阅读理解A"It's already a huge problem from a public expenditure perspective for the whole country," he says.“从整个国家的公共支出角度来看,这已经是一个巨大的问题,”他说。2017 英语二 阅读理解AFinally, there is perspective, which involves acknowledging that in the grand scheme of life, one lecture really doesn't matter.最后,还有观点,这涉及到承认在生命的宏伟蓝图中,一次讲座真的不重要。2014 英语二 翻译n. 景观; 远景0次n. 透视图; 透视法0次
词根词缀:per-完全spect-看-ive形容词后缀
word:perspective
重要程度:5
正面:pessimistic
我的笔记:
US:/ˌpesɪˈmɪstɪk/
UK:/ˌpesɪˈmɪstɪk/
释义:adj.悲观的;悲观主义的网络厌世的;是悲观的;悲观估算值
词类:高中CET4CET6考研IELTSGRE
分布:悲观的(87%),悲观主义的(13%)
中文释义: pes·sim·is·tic英式 /ˌpesɪˈmɪstɪk/ 北美 /ˌpesɪˈmɪstɪk/ adjective~ (about sth) expecting bad things to happen or sth not to be successful; showing this悲观的;悲观主义的They appeared surprisingly pessimistic about their chances of winning. 他们对胜利的可能性显得出奇地悲观。a pessimistic view of life对人生悲观的看法I think you're being far too pessimistic. 我觉得你过于悲观了。 OPP optimistic pes·sim·is·tic·al·ly 英式 /ˌpesɪˈmɪstɪkli/ 北美 /ˌpesɪˈmɪstɪkli/ adverb
断词:
词源:pessimistic悲观的,厌世的来源于拉丁语形容词mal.us(坏的)最高级形式pessim.us的词干-pessim-。 词根词缀 -pessim- + -ist名词词尾,人 + -ic形容词词尾 同源词pessimism, pessimist反义词optimistic (adj.) 乐观的
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:9
中文释义2:
助记:pessim(悲观)+istic(形容词后缀)→悲观的
同义词:
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派生词:① pessimism [ˈpesɪmɪzəm] n.悲观,悲观主义 ② pessimist [ˈpesɪmɪst] n.悲观主义者,悲观论者
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例句:There is no reason to be ~ about the future. 没有理由对未来悲观。
原书释义:adj.悲观(主义)的
原书音标:[ˌpɛsɪˈmɪstɪk]
真题例句:This long perspective makes the pessimistic view of our prospects seem more likely to be a passing fad.出自-2013年考研阅读原文翻译这种长远的观点使我们对未来的悲观看法似乎更有可能成为一种短暂的时尚。
单词变型:比较级more pessimistic最高级most pessimistic副词pessimistically
真题分布:1考研释义分布「近11年1次」adj. 悲观的1次This long perspective makes the pessimistic view of our prospects seem more likely to be a passing fad.这种长远的观点使得对人类未来的悲观看法看起来更像是一种一时的风尚。2013 英语一 阅读理解A
词根词缀:pessimist悲观主义者-ic...的pessim-最底部的-ist...主义者
word:pessimistic
重要程度:4
正面:optimistic
我的笔记:
US:/ˌɑːptɪˈmɪstɪk/
UK:/ˌɒptɪˈmɪstɪk/
释义:adj.乐观的;抱乐观看法的网络看好;开朗;乐观锁
词类:高中CET4CET6考研IELTSTOEFLGRE商务英语
分布:乐观的(91%),乐观主义的(9%)
中文释义: op·ti·mis·tic英式 /ˌɒptɪˈmɪstɪk/ 北美 /ˌɑːptɪˈmɪstɪk/ adjectiveexpecting good things to happen or sth to be successful; showing this feeling乐观的;抱乐观看法的 SYN positive ~ (about sth) She's not very optimistic about the outcome of the talks. 她对会谈的结果不太乐观。~ (that…) They are cautiously optimistic that the reforms will take place. 他们对是否实行改革表示审慎的乐观。We are now taking a more optimistic view. 我们现在抱较乐观的态度。in an optimistic mood以乐观的情绪I think you're being a little over-optimistic. 我看你是有点过于乐观了。 OPP pessimistic op·ti·mis·tic·al·ly 英式 /ˌɒptɪˈmɪstɪkli/ 北美 /ˌɑːptɪˈmɪstɪkli/ adverb
断词:
词源:optimistic乐观的来源于拉丁语形容词bon.us(好的)最高级形式时的词干-optim-。 词根词缀 -optim- + -ist名词词尾,人 + -ic形容词词尾 反义词pessimistic (adj.) 悲观的,厌世的同源词optimum, optimism, optimist
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:10
中文释义2:
助记:optim(最佳)+istic(形容词后缀)→最佳的→乐观的
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反义词:
派生词:① optimism [ˈɒptɪmɪzəm] n.乐观,乐观主义 ② optimist [ɒptɪˈmɪst] n.乐观主义者,乐天派
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例句:an ~ mood乐观情绪/ She is not ~ about the outcome. 她对结果并不乐观。
原书释义:adj.乐观的,乐观主义的
原书音标:[ˌɒptɪˈmɪstɪk]
真题例句:But the article is actually quite optimistic, as it outlines a potential solution to this problem, suggesting that an approach can close 63 percent of the achievement gap between first-generation and other students.2015年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译但这篇文章实际上相当乐观,因为它概述了这个问题的一个潜在解决方案,表明一种方法可以缩小第一代学生与其他学生之间63%的成绩差距。They transform the aspirations of the people who live there; they nudge the self-image of the city into a bolder and more optimistic light.2020年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译它们改变了生活在那里的人们的愿望;它们将这座城市的自我形象推向一种更大胆、更乐观的光芒。While younger people are somewhat more optimistic than their elders about the prospects for those starting out today, big majorities in both groups believe those "just getting started in life" face a tougher climb than earlier generations in reaching such2016年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译虽然年轻人比他们的长辈对今天开始生活的人的前景更加乐观,但两组中绝大多数人都认为,那些“刚刚开始生活”的人要达到这一目标,要比前几代人面临更困难的爬升
单词变型:副词optimistically
真题分布:9考研释义分布「近11年9次」adj. 乐观的9次They nudge the self-image of the city into a bolder and more optimistic light.它们将这座城市的自我形象渐渐推向了更大胆、更乐观的方向。2020 英语一 阅读理解AYounger people are somewhat more optimistic than their elders about the prospects for those starting out today.对于今天开始工作的人的前景,年轻人比他们的长辈更乐观一些。2016 英语二 阅读理解ABut the article is actually quite optimistic, as it outlines a potential solution to this problem.但这篇文章实际上是相当乐观的,因为它概述了这个问题的潜在解决方案。2015 英语二 阅读理解A
词根词缀:optimist乐观者-ic...的optim-最好-ist...主义者
word:optimistic
重要程度:5
正面:optimum
我的笔记:
US:/ˈɑːptɪməm/
UK:/ˈɒptɪməm/
释义:adj.最佳的;最适宜的n.最佳结果;最好的条件网络最优的;最适度;欧普特蒙
词类:CET6考研IELTSGREGMAT商务英语
分布:最佳的(53%),最适宜的(26%),最适宜(21%)
中文释义: op·ti·mum英式 /ˈɒptɪməm/ 北美 /ˈɑːptɪməm/ adjective [only before noun] (also op·ti·mal) the best possible; producing the best possible results最佳的;最适宜的optimum growth最佳增长the optimum use of resources对资源的充分利用the optimum conditions for effective learning保证学习效果的最佳条件the optimum noun [singular] the best possible result, set of conditions, etc.最佳结果;最好的条件 SYN ideal
断词:
词源:optimum最优,最佳,最优的,最佳的来自拉丁语optimum,最优的,最佳的,可能来自PIE*op,选择,词源同option.-tim,最高级后缀,词源同maximum,ultimate,intimate.optimum最合适的,最佳的借用于拉丁语形容词bon.us(好的)的中性最高级形式optim.um(最好的)。 同源词optimism, optimist, optimistic
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:11
中文释义2:
助记:
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例句:enjoy ~ economic conditions 处于最佳经济状况 / Do you know the ~ temperature for the growth of plants? 你知道庄稼生长的最佳温度吗?
原书释义:adj.最适宜的,最有利的
原书音标:[ˈɒptɪməm]
真题例句:
单词变型:复数optima | optimums
真题分布:0考研释义分布「近11年0次」adj. 最适宜的0次
词根词缀:
word:optimum
重要程度:3
正面:option
我的笔记:
US:/ˈɑːpʃ(ə)n/
UK:/ˈɒpʃn/
释义:n.选项;选择;选择权;可选择的事物v.购买(或出售)…的选择权网络期权;选配;设置
词类:高中CET4CET6考研IELTSSAT商务英语
分布:选择权(84%),得到或获准进行选择(11%),可选物(5%)
中文释义:choice ◇ alternative ◇ possibilityThese are all words for sth that you choose to do in a particular situation.以上各词均指某种情况下的选择。option something that you can choose to have or do; the freedom to choose what you do指可选择的事物、选择、选择权、选择的自由:As I see it, we have two options…据我看,我们有两种选择…Students have the option of studying abroad in their second year.学生在二年级时可以选择出国学习。 NOTE Option is also the word used in computing for one of the choices you can make when using a computer program.option 亦指计算机程序里的选项、选择:Choose the 'Cut' option from the Edit menu.从编辑选单上选择 “剪切” 项。choice the freedom to choose what you do; something that you can choose to have or do指选择权、选择的自由、选择、可选择的事物:If I had the choice, I would stop working tomorrow.如果让我选择,我明天就停止工作。There is a wide range of choices open to you.你有很多选择。alternative something that you can choose to have or do out of two or more possibilities指可供选择的事物、其中一种选择:You can be paid in cash weekly or by cheque monthly: those are the two alternatives.你的工资可以按周以现金支取,或按月以支票支取。二者可选其一。option, choice or alternative?用 option、choice 还是 alternative? Choice is slightly less formal than option and alternative is slightly more formal. Choice is most often used for 'the freedom to choose', although you can sometimes also use option (but not usually alternative).choice 较 option 稍非正式,而 alternative 更正式些。表示选择权或选择的自由最常用 choice,不过有时也可用 option,但通常不用 alternative:If I had the choice/option, I would…如果让我选择,我会…If I had the alternative, I would…parental choice in education父母在教育方面的选择权parental option/alternative in educationThings that you can choose are options, choices or alternatives. However, alternative is more frequently used to talk about choosing between two things rather than several.表示可选择的事物用 option、choice 或 alternative 均可。不过,alternative 较常用以指两个而非多个可选项。possibility one of the different things that you can do in a particular situation指某种情况下可选择的事物:We need to explore a wide range of possibilities.我们需要探究各种可能的情况。The possibilities are endless.可想的办法是无穷的。 NOTE Possibility can be used in a similar way to option, choice and alternative, but the emphasis here is less on the need to make a choice, and more on what is available.possibility 的用法与 option、choice 和 alternative 相似,不过其重点主要在于可选择的事物而非需要作出选择。Patterns with/without the option/choice/possibility of stha(n) good/acceptable/reasonable/possible option/choice/alternativethe only option/choice/alternative/possibility open to sb to have a/an/the option/choice of doing sth to have no option/choice/alternative but to do stha number/range of options/choices/alternatives/possibilities
断词:
词源:option选择来自拉丁语optare,选择,来自PIE*op,选择,词源同opinion.option选择(权)词根词缀 -opt-选择 + -ion名词词尾
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:12
中文释义2:
助记:
同义词:
反义词:
派生词:
词组:option on sth.……的选择权
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相关:
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例句:You should choose the second ~. 你应该选择第二个选项。I had no ~ but to ask her to leave. 我别无选择,只有请她离开。I have an ~ on the vehicle. 我有权购买这辆车。Several ~s are offered for us this term. 这学期为我们开设了几门选修课。
原书释义:n.选项,选择 (c)n.可选择的事物;选择权 (c/u)n.买卖的特权,(未来的)买卖选择权 (c)n.选修课 (c)
原书音标:[ˈɒpʃn]
真题例句:The FASB and IASB have been exactly that, cleaning up rules on stock options and pensions, for example, against hostility form special interests.出自-2010年考研阅读原文翻译FASB和IASB正是这样做的,例如清理股票期权和养老金的规则,以防止特殊利益的敌意。The difference between today’s workplace and the “dress for success” era is that the range of options is so much broader.出自-2016年考研阅读原文翻译今天的职场与“着装成功”时代的区别在于,选择的范围要大得多。Pick a standard work uniform or a few go-to options.出自-2016年考研阅读原文翻译选择一套标准的工作制服或一些可以选择的衣服。Impulsive spending isn't an option, so plan your week's menu in advance, making shopping lists for your ingredients in their exact quantities.2013年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译冲动消费是不可能的,所以提前计划好你一周的菜单,为你的食材列出准确数量的购物清单。In December 2010 America's Federal Trade Commission proposed adding a "do not track" option to internet browsers, so that users could tell advertisers that they did not want to be followed.2013年考研真题(英语一)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译2010年12月,美国联邦贸易委员会提议在网络浏览器中添加“不跟踪”选项,这样用户就可以告诉广告商他们不希望被跟踪。Intelligence, it turns out, is a high-priced option.2009年考研真题(英语一)完形填空 Section Ⅰ翻译事实证明,智力是一个昂贵的选择。The lesson is not that you should make your personal life an open book, but rather, when given the option to offer up details about yourself or painstakingly conceal them, you should just be honest.2020年考研真题(英语二)阅读理解 Section Ⅱ翻译这个教训并不是说你应该把你的个人生活变成一本公开的书,而是,当你可以选择提供关于你自己的细节或刻意隐藏它们时,你应该诚实。
单词变型:复数options
真题分布:13考研释义分布「近11年13次」n. 选择13次Another option: Climb high and look for signs of human habitation.另一个选择:爬得高一些,寻找人类居住的迹象。2019 英语一 完型填空Pick a standard work uniform or a few go-to options.选择一件标准的工作服或一些可供选择的衣服。2016 英语一 阅读理解BThe difference between today's workplace and the "dress for success" era is that the range of options is so much broader.如今的职场和“成功着装”时代的区别在于,选择的范围要广得多。2016 英语一 阅读理解Bn. 选修课0次
词根词缀:opt选择-ion行为, 状态
word:option
重要程度:5
正面:optional
我的笔记:
US:/ˈɑːpʃən(ə)l/
UK:/ˈɒpʃənl/
释义:adj.可选择的;选修的n.〈美〉选修科网络非强制的;可选的;可以任选的
词类:高中CET4CET6考研IELTSTOEFL
分布:任选的(100%)
中文释义: op·tion·al AW 英式 /ˈɒpʃənl/ 北美 /ˈɑːpʃənl/ adjectivethat you can choose to do or have if you want to可选择的;选修的Certain courses are compulsory; others are optional. 有些课程是必修的,其他是选修的。This model comes with a number of optional extras (= things you can choose to have but which you will have to pay extra for). 这一型号有一系列可供选择的附件,价格另计。
断词:
词源:optional可以任选的,非强制的词根词缀 -opt-选择 + -ion名词词尾 + -al形容词词尾
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:13
中文释义2:
助记:option(选择权)+al(形容词后缀)→可以任选的
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例句:an ~ activity 非强制性活动 /~ courses on linguistics 语言学选修课
原书释义:adj.可以任选的,非强制的;选修的
原书音标:[ˈɒpʃənl]
真题例句:
单词变型:
真题分布:0考研释义分布「近11年0次」adj. 可以任选的0次
词根词缀:opt-选择-ion名词后缀-al...的
word:optional
重要程度:3
正面:organ
我的笔记:
US:/ˈɔːrɡən/
UK:/ˈɔːɡən/
释义:n.机关;风琴;管风琴;(人体或动植物的)器官网络机构;元件;机关报
词类:高中CET4CET6考研IELTS
分布:器官(72%),风琴(16%),机构(9%),喉舌(2%),报刊(1%)
中文释义:Becoming ill生病 catch a cold/an infectious disease/the flu/(英式) flu/pneumonia/a virus/(informal) a bug染上感冒/传染病/流感/肺炎/病毒/小毛病 get (英式) ill/(北美) sick/a disease/AIDS/breast cancer/a cold/the flu/(英式) flu/a migraine患病/艾滋病/乳腺癌/感冒/流感/偏头痛 come down with a cold/the flu/(英式) flu得了感冒/流感 contract a deadly disease/a serious illness/HIV/AIDS感染致命疾病/严重疾病/艾滋病病毒/艾滋病 be infected with a virus/a parasite/HIV受病毒/寄生虫/艾滋病病毒感染 develop cancer/diabetes/a rash/an ulcer/symptoms of hepatitis患上癌症/糖尿病/皮疹/溃疡;出现肝炎症状 have a heart attack/a stroke心脏病/中风发作 provoke/trigger/produce an allergic reaction引起/产生过敏反应 block/burst/rupture a blood vessel使血管阻塞/破裂 damage/sever a nerve/an artery/a tendon损伤/切断神经/动脉/肌腱Being ill病了 feel (英式) ill/sick/nauseous/queasy感到不适/想吐/恶心 be running (英式) a temperature/(北美) a fever发烧 have a head cold/diabetes/heart disease/lung cancer/a headache/(英式) a high temperature/(北美) a fever患伤风感冒/糖尿病/心脏病/肺癌;头痛;发烧 suffer from asthma/malnutrition/frequent headaches/bouts of depression/a mental disorder患哮喘/营养不良症/经常性头痛/多发性抑郁症/精神错乱 be laid up with/ (英式) be in bed with a cold/the flu/(英式) flu/a migraine因感冒/流感/偏头痛而卧床休息 nurse a cold/a headache/a hangover调治感冒/头痛/宿醉 battle/fight cancer/depression/addiction/alcoholism与癌症/抑郁症作斗争;戒瘾;戒酒Treatments治疗 examine a patient给病人做检查 diagnose a condition/disease/disorder诊断疾病 be diagnosed with cancer/diabetes/schizophrenia诊断为癌症/糖尿病/精神分裂症 prescribe/be given/be on/take drugs/medicine/medication/pills/painkillers/antibiotics开/得到/服用药/药片/止痛药/抗生素 treat sb for cancer/depression/shock治疗某人的癌症/抑郁症/休克 have/undergo an examination/an operation/surgery/a kidney transplant/therapy/chemotherapy/treatment for cancer接受检查/手术/外科手术/肾移植手术/治疗/化疗/癌症治疗 have/be given an injection/(英式) a flu jab/(北美) a flu shot/a blood transfusion/a scan/an X-ray打针;接种流感疫苗;接受输血;做扫描检查;照 X 光 cure a disease/an ailment/cancer/a headache/a patient治疗疾病/病痛/癌症/头痛/病人 prevent the spread of disease/further outbreaks/damage to the lungs防止疾病扩散/疾病进一步爆发/对肺部造成伤害 be vaccinated against the flu/(英式) flu/the measles/(英式) measles/polio/smallpox接种流感/麻疹/小儿麻痹症/天花疫苗 enhance/boost/confer/build immunity to a disease增加对疾病的免疫力
断词:
词源:organ器官,管风琴,组织机构来自希腊语organon,工具,乐器,身体器官,来自PIE*werg,工作,做工,词源同work,ergative.引申词义运行,组织,机构等。
辨析:organapparatus「导航词义:器官」organn.器官「辨析」普通用词,可指人体或动植物的器官。「例句」an external/internal organ外部/内部器官an organ donor/transplant器官捐赠者/移植The brain is the organ of thought.大脑是思维器官。Gills are the organ through which fish breathe.鳃是鱼类用来呼吸的器官。apparatusn.器官「辨析」医学术语,通常指人体的器官,一般用单数。「例句」the respiratory/sensory apparatus呼吸/感觉器官
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:14
中文释义2:
助记:
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例句:administrative ~ 行政机关 / advisory ~ 咨询机构The heart is one of the body's vital ~s. 心脏是身体重要器官之一。Pipe ~ s are used especially in churches. 管风琴在教堂里用得特别多。
原书释义:n.(官方的)机构,机关 (c)n.(人体或动植物的)器官 (c)n.风琴,管风琴 (c)
原书音标:[ˈɔːɡən]
真题例句:
单词变型:复数organs
真题分布:0考研释义分布「近11年0次」cn. 机构; 机关0次cn. 器官0次cn. 风琴; 管风琴0次
词根词缀:
word:organ
重要程度:3
正面:organic
我的笔记:
US:/ɔːrˈɡænɪk/
UK:/ɔːˈɡænɪk/
释义:adj.有机的;不使用化肥的;绿色的;有机物的n.分子有机体网络器官的;有机体的;有机化学专业研究生排名
词类:高中CET4CET6考研IELTSTOEFLSAT
分布:有机的(40%),器官的(21%),有机物质(18%),根本的(12%),有组织的(6%),接近自然的(3%)
中文释义: blight, cereal, crop, genetically modified, grain, harvest, monoculture, organic, staple, yield
断词:
词源:organic有机的,有机物的来自organ,运行,器官,组织机构。即有组织运行的,后用于指生物有机体,引申词义有机的,有机物的等。
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:必考词 unit 01
序号:15
中文释义2:
助记:organ(器官)+ic(形容词后缀)→器官的
同义词:
反义词:
派生词:organically [ɔːˈɡænɪkli] adv.有机地,有组织地
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例句:The wound is in the flesh only, there is no ~ damage. 只是肌肉组织受伤,器官没有任何损伤。Incorporating ~ material into soils will reduce the alkalinity. 在土壤中添加有机物可降低其碱性。~ milk / vegetables 有机牛奶/蔬菜the ~ growth of market economy 市场经济的逐步发展
原书释义:adj.器官的,器质性的adj.有机物的;生物的adj.有机的,绿色的adj.(变化或发展)逐渐的,自然的,演进的
原书音标:[ɔːˈɡanɪk]
真题例句:
单词变型:副词organically
真题分布:4考研释义分布「近11年4次」adj. 不施化肥的; 有机的4次In barely more than a decade, organic eggs went from being dismissed as a niche product in natural foods stores to being sold at Walmart.在短短十几年时间里,以往遭到忽视的天然食品店里的小众商品有机鸡蛋现已在沃尔玛里出售。2022 英语二 阅读理解AThe example of organic eggs is used in the paragraph 4 to suggest the potential of regenerative products.第四自然段使用有机鸡蛋的例子来说明再生产品的潜力。2022 英语二 阅读理解AThese eggs, which are making their debut now on shelves for as much as $8 a dozen, are still labeled organic and animal-friendly.现在这些鸡蛋在货架上首次亮相,每打售价高达8美元,仍然贴有有机和动物友好的标签。2022 英语二 阅读理解Aadj. 有机物的; 生物的0次adj. 器官的; 器质性的0次adj. 统一的; 有机的0次adj. 自然的; 逐渐的0次
词根词缀:organ器官, 机器-ic...的
word:organic
重要程度:5