优质 COCA 2万词分频记忆(2020版)英音美音图片
英语 英语词汇 coca
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COCA-2W(基于2020新词表).apkg
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Anki军械所 发布时间:2021-06-24 15:03:47

预览版及所用单词表(2020新版单词表详细统计数据只提供前5000词)下载地址:

https://pan.baidu.com/s/1v6MhndlUc7a8C2ZTaXiclg
提取码:nies


已更新2020新词表。

何谓COCA? COCA=Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) ,是英语国家使用频率最高的词汇集合。 COCA是把1990-2020年(网上流传最广的旧版本为1990-2012)美国最有代表性的报纸,杂志,小说,学术,口语(电视剧或者节目转录)汇集起来,每部分各占1/5,生成10亿单词量语料库(2012版为4.5亿单词)。

COCA发布的单词表有两版:2012版和2020版(没有2021版),本记忆库以2020版的2W词为基础(去除因词性不同而统计重复的单词后剩余17847个),以6W词为补充(6W词为一个补充包,2W背到1W词可★免费★联系掌柜获取补充包:截图订单记录和学习记录,并标注新词表或旧词表,发邮件至hyilin@qq.com,掌柜收到后即发送6W词补充包的提取码)。


重大改进:

把COCA的单词表作为参考资料来查询单词的使用频率、跟其他单词的搭配时,无疑是很优秀的。但是,如果把COCA作为一个单词表来背,则有一个重大缺陷:COCA中单词是按照不同词性分开统计的,如下图,to有副词和介词,排名为第7和第9,一般处理,是直接去除重复,处理完后,to排第7;而如果把to的两个词性的频率加起来(每个词条末行的数值就是单词频率),重新排名,则to的真实排名是第5。

 

如果一个单词词性多,那么它在实际使用中的排名,会和COCA统计的排名相差甚远。

用COCA单词表背单词,讲究的就是边际效率,如果单词表顺序不实,则边际效率无从谈起。因此,本记忆库对COCA单词的频率做了重新统计,合并不同词性时单词频率相加,重新进行了排序。根据统计,重新排序后,有861单词排序上升超过1000,其中nay和corporal的排名上升超过5000。

本记忆库以新的排序为基准学习新卡片,能确保边际效率最大化。

 

因为图片和发音文件多,记忆库体积达到了445.7MB,可能有人觉得背单词就占去手机半个G,心疼空间,其实大家打开微信-设置-通用-微信存储空间看看,比较下来,学习占的这半个G其实并不多。另外由于小文件多,导入会比其他记忆库稍久,实测iphone8导入完成需要6分钟,红米K30pro(CPU骁龙865)需要90分钟(可能安卓需要把所有发音和图片解压后再另外存入手机存储的anki媒体文件夹,苹果不需要这个步骤),导入前请预留充足时间。


记忆库内容:



单词按照频率分布,适合不同英语水平的人群。


卡片内容:

正面:单词;

背面:音标、中文释义、朗文词典的英音及美音真人发音、配图、例句、词根词缀、权威词典解释、COCA统计常见搭配、COCA统计累积词频。


重要提醒:

卡片中虽然加入了比较多内容,但是背的时候不要试图把整张卡片上的内容都背下来,而是只需要背中文解释就可以了,其余的图片、例句、词根词缀甚至是词典解释,都是用于辅助记忆,加深对中文解释的印象。

ANKI记忆的核心在于测试(看卡片正面回忆)-反馈(看卡片背面确认记忆正误)-多次重复。一个单词每次只花6秒复习,重复10次,记忆效果要远远好于看1分钟然后只重复1次。为了减少使用者在学习中不自觉地在同一张卡片上流连过久,本店制作此记忆库尽量以简洁为目的(并非本店所收集的资料少,而是制作极为克制,尽量精选、只呈现最能提高记忆效率的内容,并把篇幅最长的词典释义和搭配都隐藏了起来,而不是所有内容都往上堆),只有控制一张卡片上要背的内容在较少范围,通过减少单张卡片的记忆时间,增大重复次数,才能达到最好的效果。


特色功能1:单词左下角(红框处)有已学所有单词累积词频的数据,有效激励学习热情:

 

特色功能2 :单词释义下方(红框处)有释义分布,便于迅速了解该单词在实际使用中的主要意思,便于高效掌握该单词的常见用法,提高效率

 

 

特色功能3:权威字典解释,随时查看单词用法:

 

特色功能4:coca20200的文档中提供了该单词在实际语料中的常见前后搭配,跟不同词性的单词如何组合(注:此部分搭配使用的是2012版的数据,新版本词表没有提供搭配数据):

 :

本记忆库保留了该部分内容,并对显示效果做了美化,使得更清晰易懂:

 

推荐使用方法:

因为是按使用频率排序,COCA前面的单词,或多或少对于大部分人来说都是很简单的,甚至有很大一部分,这辈子都不需要再复习,那如何减少在前面容易单词上花费的时间呢?如下为三个可行的方法:

1、最直接的可以从某一级开始,比如预估自己词汇量有4000,就可以从3001-4000这个级别开始刷起;

2、如果不想放过前面的简单单词,想亲自筛选一遍,手机上可以设置个手势操作,左划屏幕暂停或删除卡片,以后就不再复习这个单词,从而能快速进入新单词的学习;

3、如果简单单词也想保持复习,可以在学习前期,把记忆算法中新卡的简单间隔设为99(anki所支持的新卡最大值),设置后,在学习容易单词时,点“简单”按钮,则这个单词的下次复习时间为99天之后(3.3个月),再下次如果仍然点简单,复习间隔会超过10个月,这样子容易单词的间隔也会迅速拉大。在刷完新卡片后,可以把简单间隔改回默认的4天,恢复正常的学习节奏(前面已经学习的简单卡片的长间隔不会受影响)。

在有了一定的词汇量基础,比如背完1万词后,除了按顺序背,日常中也可以把自己工作中容易遇到的单词移动到列表前面优先背,方法为:比如想把pangolin移动到前面,可以在“笔记”浏览界面,搜索:“单词:pangolin”(注意冒号要在英文输入状态下输入),搜到单词后,选中,右上角三个点,更改位置,输入“1”,这个单词就被移动到新单词列表的最前面了:


在此再次说明:背完前1W词可★免费★联系掌柜获取补充包:截图订单记录和学习记录,并标注新词表或旧词表,发邮件至hyilin@qq.com,掌柜收到后即发送6W词补充包的提取码。

 

特别说明:

学习了前500单词,现实生活中能认识72%的单词;

学习了前1000单词,现实生活中能认识80%的单词;

学习了前2000单词,现实生活中能认识87%的单词;

学习了前3000单词,现实生活中能认识90%的单词;

学习了前4000单词,现实生活中能认识93%的单词;

学习了前5000单词,现实生活中能认识94%的单词;

学习了前10000单词,现实生活中能认识97%的单词;

学完17847单词,现实生活中能认识99%的单词。

 

为什么学了那么多仍然不能达到99.99%?因为英语实际使用中存在大量专有名词,比如Trump这个单词,在其竞选前后出现率相差极大,COCA中除了媒体来源外的语料中出现很少,而这两年看报纸则是想绕都绕不开。掌握这17634词后,学习一个新领域的英文,只要多剩下的1%的专有名词,基本就不存在生词障碍了

 

其实,不用完全把表背完,本人词汇量25000,觉得掌握一万出头就很够用了,专八也是一万上下。背单词的边际效益是递减的(当然使用词频表来背就可以使边际效益最大化),够用后,有空多背点,没空就只是复习就好了,不用觉得单词多背不完。借胡适一句话说,“怕什么学问无穷,进一寸自然有一寸的欢喜”,共勉。



卡牌预览
共 17847 张卡牌
以下是不经过排版的卡牌内容,非实际展示效果,仅用于了解记忆库中的内容
单词:the
中文解释:art.那;这;这些;那些adv.(用于比较级前)更加;用于最高级前;(用于形容词、副词比较级前)越 ... 越 ...
英音:[音频]
美音:[音频]
牛津高阶:the ★ /ðə; NAmEðə/ /ði; NAmEði/ /strong form ðiː; ðiː/ definite article 1. ★ used to refer to sb/sth that has already been mentioned or is easily understood (指已提到或易领会到的人或事物)There were three questions. The first two were relatively easy but the third one was hard. 有三个问题。头两个相对容易,第三个困难。There was an accident here yesterday. A car hit a tree and the driver was killed. 昨天这里发生了一起事故。一辆小轿车撞到树上,驾车的人死了。The heat was getting to be too much for me. 天气热得快让我受不了。The nights are getting longer. 夜越来越长。2. ★ used to refer to sb/sth that is the only, normal or obvious one of their kind (指独一无二的、正常的或不言而喻的人或事物)the Mona Lisa 《蒙娜丽莎》the Nile 尼罗河the Queen 女王What's the matter? 怎么回事?The phone rang. 电话铃响了。I patted her on the back. 我拍了拍她的背。How's the (= your) baby? 宝宝好吗?3. ★ used when explaining which person or thing you mean (解说时用)the house at the end of the street 街尽头的房子The people I met there were very friendly. 我在那里遇到的人很友善。It was the best day of my life. 这是我一生中最美好的一天。You're the third person to ask me that. 你是第三个问我那件事的人。Friday the thirteenth 十三号,星期五Alexander the Great 亚历山大大帝4. ★ used to refer to a thing in general rather than a particular example (用以泛指)He taught himself to play the violin. 他自学拉小提琴。The dolphin is an intelligent animal. 海豚是聪明的动物。They placed the African elephant on their endangered list. 他们把非洲大象列为濒危动物。I heard it on the radio. 我从收音机里听到了这件事。I'm usually out during the day. 白天我通常不在家。5. ★ used with adjectives to refer to a thing or a group of people described by the adjective (与形容词连用,指事物或统称的人)With him, you should always expect the unexpected. 在他身上你应随时料到有意想不到的事情发生。the unemployed 失业者the French 法国人6. ★ used before the plural of sb's last name to refer to a whole family or a married couple (用于姓氏的复数形式前,指家庭或夫妇)Don't forget to invite the Jordans. 别忘了邀请乔丹一家。7. enough of sth for a particular purpose (指特定用途的事物)足够,恰好I wanted it but I didn't have the money. 我想买那东西,但钱不够。8. ★ used with a unit of measurement to mean ‘every’ (与计量单位连用)每,一My car does forty miles to the gallon. 我的车每加仑汽油跑四十英里。You get paid by the hour. 你领的是时薪。9. used with a unit of time to mean ‘the present’ (与时间单位连用)当前的,本,此Why not have the dish of the day? 何不试一下今天的精选菜?She's flavour of the month with him. 她是他眼下的红人。10. /ðiː; NAmEðiː/ used, stressing the, to show that the person or thing referred to is famous or important (重读,表示所指的为知名或重要的人或事物)Sheryl Crow? Not ˈthe Sheryl Crow? 谢里尔 · 克罗?莫不是大名鼎鼎的谢里尔 · 克罗?At that time London was ˈthe place to be. 那时候伦敦是不可不去的地方。IDM ★ the more, less, etc. … , the more, less, etc. … used to show that two things change to the same degree (用以表示两个事物按照同一程度变化)越 … 越,愈 … 愈The more she thought about it, the more depressed she became. 她越想这事越沮丧。The less said about the whole thing, the happier I'll be. 对整个事情议论得越少,我越高兴。the /ðə; NAmEðə/
图片:[图片]
例句:There were three questions. The first two were relatively easy but the third one was hard. 有三个问题。头两个相对容易,第三个困难。
音标:/ðə; ðə/
词根词缀:那个:来自古英语the,那个,来自PIE*to,指示代词,词源同this,that.
折叠2:a of, first, year, most, •world, over, •same, day, end, between, •United States, next, during•
百分比:5.60%
释义分布:这:28%;那:27%;那些:18%;这些:18%;用于最高级前:9%
单词:be
中文解释:v.有;在;是;到达;拜访
英音:[音频]
美音:[音频]
牛津高阶:be ★ /bi; NAmEbi/ /strong form biː; biː/ verb, auxiliary verbbe am are is was were being been verb ★ 1. ★ linking verb there is/are + noun to exist; to be present 有;存在Is there a God? 上帝存在吗?Once upon a time there was a princess … 从前有一位公主 … I tried phoning but there was no answer. 我试打过电话,但没人接。There's a bank down the road. 沿马路不远有一家银行。Was there a pool at the hotel? 旅馆里有游泳池吗?2. ★ [I] + adv./prep. to be located; to be in a place 位于;在(某处)The town is three miles away. 镇子距此地三英里远。If you're looking for your file, it's on the table. 你要找的文件在桌子上。Mary's upstairs. 玛丽在楼上。3. ★ [I] + adv./prep. to happen at a time or in a place (在某时或某地)发生The party is on Friday evening. 聚会定于周五晚上举行。The meetings are always in the main conference room. 会议总是在主会议室进行。4. ★ [I] + adv./prep. to remain in a place 留在(某地);逗留She has been in her room for hours. 她已经在她的房间里待了几个小时了。They're here till Christmas. 他们将在这里一直住到圣诞节。5. ★ [I] + adv./prep. to attend an event; to be present in a place 出席;到场I'll be at the party. 我将出席聚会。He'll be here soon (= will arrive soon). 他很快就会到达。6. ★ [I] (only used in the perfect tenses 仅用于完成时) + adv./prep. to visit or call 前往;造访;访问I've never been to Spain. 我从未去过西班牙。He had been abroad many times. 他曾多次出国。(BrE) Has the postman been yet? 邮递员来过了吗? HELP In NAmE, come is used instead 在美式英语中用 come 代替Has the mailman come yet? 邮递员来过了吗? 7. ★ [I] be~ from … used to say where sb was born or where their home is 出生于(某地);来自 … ;是(某地的)人She's from Italy. 她是意大利人。8. ★ linking verb used when you are naming people or things, describing them or giving more information about them (提供名称或信息时用) + nounToday is Monday. 今天是星期一。‘Who is that?’ ‘It's my brother.’ “那个人是谁?” “是我哥哥。”She's a great beauty. 她是个大美人。Susan is a doctor. 苏珊是医生。He wants to be (= become) a pilot when he grows up. 他想在长大后当飞行员。 + adj. It's beautiful! 美呀!Life is unfair. 人生没有公平。He is ten years old. 他十岁了。‘How are you?’ ‘I'm very well, thanks.’ “你好吗?” “我很好,谢谢。”Be quick! 快点! be~ (that) … The fact is (that) we don't have enough money. 事实是我们没有那么多钱。 be~ doing sthThe problem is getting it all done in the time available. 问题是要在现有的时间内把它全部完成。 be~ to do sthThe problem is to get it all done in the time available. 问题是要在现有的时间内把它全部完成。9. ★ linking verb it is/was used when you are describing a situation or saying what you think about it (描述情况或表达想法时用) + adj. It was really hot in the sauna. 桑拿浴的确很热。It's strange how she never comes to see us any more. 奇怪,她怎么再也不来看我们了。He thinks it's clever to make fun of people. 他觉得拿别人开玩笑显得聪明。 + nounIt would be a shame if you lost it. 你要是把它丢了就太可惜了。It's going to be a great match. 这将是一场了不起的比赛。10. ★ linking verb it is/was used to talk about time (用于表达时间) + nounIt's two thirty. 现在是两点三十。 + adj. It was late at night when we finally arrived. 我们最后到达时已是深夜。11. ★ linking verb + noun used to say what sth is made of (表示所用的材料)Is your jacket real leather? 你的夹克是真皮的吗?12. ★ linking verb [I] used to say who sth belongs to or who it is intended for (表示某物所属) be~ mine, yours, etc. The money's not yours, it's John's. 这钱不是你的,是约翰的。 be~ for me, you, etc. This package is for you. 这份包裹是给你的。13. ★ linking verb + noun to cost 花费;值‘How much is that dress?’ ‘Eighty dollars.’ “那条连衣裙多少钱?” “八十块钱。”14. ★ linking verb + noun to be equal to 等于;等同Three and three is six. 三加三等于六。How much is a thousand pounds in euros? 一千英镑合多少欧元?Let x be the sum of a and b. 设 x 为 a 加 b 之和。London is not England (= do not think that all of England is like London). 伦敦并不等于英格兰(不要以为整个英格兰都像伦敦)。15. ★ linking verb ~ everything, nothing, etc. (to sb) used to say how important sth is to sb (表示对某人的重要性)Money isn't everything (= it is not the only important thing). 金钱不是一切(不是唯一重要的东西)。A thousand dollars is nothing to somebody as rich as he is. 一千元对于像他这么富有的人来说算不上什么。IDM Most idioms containing be are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example be the death of sb is at death. 大多数含 be 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 be the death of sb 在词条 death 下。the ˌbe-all and ˈend-all (of sth) (informal) the most important part; all that matters 最重要的部分;最要紧的事Her career is the be-all and end-all of her existence. 她的事业是她生活中至关重要的事。as/that was as sb/sth used to be called 像以往所称呼的;作为曾用名Jill Davis that was (= before her marriage) (婚前)姓名为吉尔 · 戴维斯the Soviet Union, as was 旧称苏联 (he, she, etc. has) been and ˈdone sth (BrE) (informal) used to show that you are surprised and annoyed by sth that sb has done (表示吃惊和恼怒)Someone's been and parked in front of the entrance! 有人居然把车停在大门口前! ➔ see also go and do sth at go v. ★ if it wasn't/weren't for … used to say that sb/sth stopped sb/sth from happening 若不是(某人╱某事);幸亏If it weren't for you, I wouldn't be alive today. 如果不是你,我今天不会还活着。ˌleave/ˌlet sb/sth ˈbe to leave sb/sth alone without disturbing them or it 随 … 去;不打扰某人╱某事Leave her be, she obviously doesn't want to talk about it. 别烦她了,她显然不想谈论这事。Let the poor dog be (= don't annoy it). 别逗弄那条可怜的狗了。-to-be (in compounds 构成复合词) future 将来his bride-to-be 他的未婚妻mothers-to-be (= pregnant women) 孕妇 auxiliary verb ★ 1. ★ used with a past participle to form the passive (与过去分词连用构成被动语态)He was killed in the war. 他死于这场战争。Where were they made? 这些东西是在哪里制造的?The house was still being built. 房子还在建造中。You will be told what to do. 会有人告诉你该干什么的。2. ★ used with a present participle to form progressive tenses (与现在分词连用构成进行时)I am studying Chinese. 我正在学中文。I'll be seeing him soon. 我很快就要见到他了。What have you been doing this week? 你这个星期都在做些什么?I'm always being criticized. 我总是受到批评。3. ★ used to make question tags (= short questions added to the end of statements) (用于反意疑问句)You're not hungry, are you? 你不饿,对吧?Ben's coming, isn't he? 本要来,是不是?The old theatre was pulled down, wasn't it? 老戏院被拆了,对不?4. ★ used to avoid repeating the full form of a verb in the passive or a progressive tense (在被动语态或进行时中代替重复的动词完整形式)Karen wasn't beaten in any of her games, but all the others were. 卡伦没有输掉任何一场比赛,但所有其他人都输过。‘Are you coming with us?’ ‘No, I'm not.’ “你和我们一起去吗?” “不,我不了。”5. ★ be~ to do sth used to say what must or should be done (表示必须或应该)I am to call them once I reach the airport. 我一到机场就得给他们打电话。You are to report this to the police. 这件事你应该报警。What is to be done about this problem? 该如何处理这个问题?6. ★ be~ to do sth used to say what is arranged to happen (表示已安排好要做的事)They are to be married in June. 他们计划于六月份结婚。7. be~ to do sth used to say what happened later (表示后来发生的事)He was to regret that decision for the rest of his life (= he did regret it). 他终生都会后悔作出了那一决定。8. be~ not, never, etc. to be done used to say what could not or did not happen (表示不会或没有发生时用)Anna was nowhere to be found (= we could not find her anywhere). 我们到处都找不到安娜。He was never to see his wife again (= although he did not know it would be so at the time, he did not see her again). 他注定再也见不到他的妻子了。She wanted to write a successful novel, but it was not to be (= it turned out never to happen). 她曾想写一部成功的小说,但从未如愿。9. if sb/it were to do sth … | were sb/it to do sth … (formal) used to express a condition (表述条件)If we were to offer you more money, would you stay? 假如我们给你加钱,你愿意留下吗?Were we to offer you more money, would you stay? 假如我们给你加钱,你愿意留下吗?be /bi; NAmEbe/bi:; bi/verb sing. present am ; are ; is ;pl. present are;1st and 3rd sing. past was ;2nd sing. past and pl. past were ;present subjunctive be;past subjunctive were;present participle being;past participle been· (一般作 there is/are)exist · 存在;在 there are no easy answers. 没有简单的答案。 there once was a man. 曾经有个人。 there must be something wrong. 肯定有什么出了错。 I think, therefore I am. 我思故我在。■be present. · 在场,有 there were no curtains around the showers. 淋浴器旁没有帘子。 are there any castles in this area?. 这个地区有城堡吗?。· [with adverbial]occur; take place · 举行;发生 the exhibition will be in November. 展览将在11月举行。 the opening event is on October 16. 开幕式于10月16日举行。 that was before the war. 那件事发生在战争之前。■occupy a position in space. · 位于,在 Salvation Street was on his left. 救世大街在他左边。 she was not at the window. 她不在窗边。■stay in the same place or condition. · 逗留;持续 he's a tough customer— let him be. 他是个难对付的顾客,随他去吧。■attend. · 从事 I'm at school doing A levels. 我在学校读A级班。■come; go; visit. · 来;去;游览 he's from Missouri. 他来自密苏里州。 I have just been to Thailand. 我刚去过泰国。 the doctor's been twice today. 医生今天已经来了两趟了。· [as copular verb]having the state, quality, identity, nature, role, etc., specified · [表特定状态、质量、身份、本质或角色等]是;就是 Amy was 91. 艾米91岁了。 the floor was uneven. 地板不平。 I want to be a teacher. 我想当老师。 father was not well. 父亲身体不适。 it will be Christmas soon. 很快就是圣诞节了。 ‘Be careful,’ Carter said. “当心点!"卡特说。■cost. · 花费 the tickets were £25. 门票要25英镑。■amount to. · 等于 one and one is two. 一加一等于二。■represent. · 代表 let A be a square matrix of order n. 假设A代表n次方阵。■signify. · 意味 we were everything to each other. 我们对彼此来说意味着一切。■consist of; constitute. · 由…组成 the monastery was several three-storey buildings. 修道院由几幢三层的楼房组成。auxiliary verb· used with a present participle to form continuous tenses · [与现在分词连用构成进行时]正 they are coming. 他们马上就来。 he had been reading. 他一直在读书。 she will be waiting. 她会等着的。· used with a past participle to form the passive voice · [与过去分词连用构成被动语态]被 it was done. (事情)做好了。 it is said. 据说。 his book will be published. 他的书将会出版。· [with infinitive]used to indicate something that is due or destined to happen · 注定要,预定要 construction is to begin next summer. 建筑工程将于明年夏天开始。 his mum was never to see him win. 他母亲未能亲眼看到他获胜。■used to express obligation or necessity. · 应当;必须;只得 you are to follow these orders. 你必须服从这些命令。 they said I was to remain on board. 他们说我得留在船上。■used to express possibility. · 可能 these snakes are to be found in North America. 这些蛇能在北美找到。 she was nowhere to be seen. 哪儿也找不到她。■used to hypothesize about something that might happen. · 倘若,如果 if I were to lose. 如果我失败的话。 if I was to tell you, you'd think I was mad. 如果我告诉你,你会以为我疯了。 were she to cure me, what could I offer her?. 如果她治好我的病,我能拿什么报答她呢?。· (archaic)used with the past participle of intransitive verbs to form perfect tenses · (古)[与不及物动词的过去分词连用构成完成时]已经 I am returned. 我回来了。 〓 习惯用语as/that was· as someone or something was previously called · 如过去所称 former Sex Pistol John Lydon (Rotten, as was). 过去的欲望枪手约翰?莱登(前称为罗登)。the be-all and end-all· (informal)a feature of an activity or a way of life that is of greater importance than any other · (非正式)(活动或生活方式的)根本特点;要旨 be oneself· act naturally, according to one's character and instincts · 表现得自然 been (或 been and gone) and——· (informal)used to express surprise or annoyance at someone's actions · (非正式)[表惊讶或恼火]竟然 they've been and carted Mum off to hospital. 他们竟然强行把妈妈送到了医院。been there, done that· · 见 therebe that as it may· · 见 maybe there for someone· be available to support or comfort (someone) while they are experiencing difficulties or adversities · 支持;安慰(困难或不幸中的)某人 not be oneself· not feel in one's usual physical or mental state · 失常;感到不舒服 -to-be· [incombination]of the future · 未来的 my bride-to-be. 我未来的新娘。 〓 语源· Old English bēon, an irregular and defective verb, whose full conjugation derives from several originally distinct verbs. The forms am and is are from an Indo-European root shared by Latin sum and est. The forms was and were are from an Indo-European root meaning 'remain'. The forms be and been are from an Indo-European root shared by Latin fui 'I was', fio 'I become', and Greek phuein 'bring forth, cause to grow'. The origin of are is uncertain 〓 继承用法be about· · 见 about (介词义项1)be at· be doing or trying to do · 正在做;打算做 what are you at there?. 你在那儿干什么呢?。be away· leave or set out at once · 离开;出发 I'm away to my work. 我要去工作了。be off· [often inimperative]go away; leave · 滚开;离去 be off with you!. 你滚开!。 · For a discussion of whether it is correct to say that must be he at the door and it is I rather than that must be him at the door and it is me see usage at personal pronoun. be/ STRONG FORM bi: / / WEAK FORM bi / /bɪ/ (being, was, were, been) verb DESCRIPTION 描述 E [L] * used to say something about a person, thing or state, to show a permanent or temporary quality, state, job, etc. (用来说明人、事物或状态,表示性质、状态、工作等)1. He is rich. 他很富有。2. It's cold today. 今天很冷。3. I'm Andy. 我叫安迪。4. That's all for now. 到此为止。5. What do you want to be (= What job do you want to do) when you grow up? 你长大后想做甚么?6. These books are (= cost) 50p each. 这些书每本50便士。7. Being afraid of the dark, she always slept with the light on. 她怕黑,总是开着灯睡觉。8. Never having been ill himself, he wasn't a sympathetic listener. 他自己从未生过病,所以听到别人的病情时,并不怎么同情。9. Be quiet! 安静!10. Do be quiet! 一定要保持安静!11. [+ -ing verb] The problem is deciding what to do. 问题在于要决定做甚么。12. [+ to infinitive] The hardest part will be to find a replacement. 最困难的就是找个人代替。13. [+ that] The general feeling is that she should be asked to leave. 大家普遍认为她应该被辞退。14. It 's not that I don't like her - it 's just that we rarely agree on anything! 我并不是不喜欢她,只是我们的看法不尽相同!E [I usually + adv/prep] * used to show the position of a person or thing in space or time (表示时间或方位)1. The food was already on the table. 食物已经放在桌上了。2. Is anyone there? 那里有人吗?3. The meeting is now (= will happen) next Tuesday. 会议将于下周二召开。4. There 's a hair in my soup. 我的汤里有一根头发。E [L] * used to show what something is made of 由…组成(或制成)1. Is this plate pure gold? 这个碟子是纯金的吗?/ STRONG FORM bi: / / WEAK FORM bi / /bɪ/ (being, was, were, been) verb ALLOW 允许 [+ to infinitive] * used to say that someone should or must do something 应该,必须1. You're to sit in the corner and keep quiet. 你要坐在角落里,保持安静。2. Their mother said they were not to (= not allowed to) play near the river. 妈妈告诉他们不准在河边玩。3. There's no money left - what are we to do? 没有钱了——我们该怎么办?/ STRONG FORM bi: / / WEAK FORM bi / /bɪ/ (being, was, were, been) verb FUTURE 将来 [+ to infinitive] formal * used to show that something will happen in the future 将,将要1. We are to (= We are going to) visit Australia in the spring. 我们将在春天前往澳大利亚。2. She was never to see (= She never saw) her brother again. 她此后再也没有见过她的弟弟。[+ to infinitive] * used in conditional sentences to say what might happen (用于条件句中,表示可能)万一,假如1. If I were to refuse they'd be very annoyed. 如果我拒绝,他们会很气恼的。2. formal Were I to refuse they'd be very annoyed. 倘若我拒绝,他们会很气恼的。/ STRONG FORM bi: / / WEAK FORM bi / /bɪ/ (being, was, were, been) verb CAN 能够 [+ to infinitive] * used to say what can happen 能够1. The exhibition of modern prints is currently to be seen at the City Gallery. 现在在市立美术馆可以参观现代版画展。/ STRONG FORM bi: / / WEAK FORM bi / /bɪ/ (being, was, were, been) verb EXIST 存在 [I] * to exist or live 存在,生存1. formal Such terrible suffering should never be. 这种苦难绝不应该存在的。2. old use OR literary By the time the letter reached them their sister had ceased to be (= died). 当他们收到信件时,他们的姐姐已经去世了。/ STRONG FORM bi: / / WEAK FORM bi / /bɪ/ (being, was, were, been) verb phrasal verb be in for sth * to be going to experience something unpleasant very soon 即将遭遇…1. The weather forecast says we're in for heavy rain this evening. 天气报告说,这边今晚将有大雨。2. You'll be in for it (= She will be very angry) if you don't do what she tells you. 如果你不照她说的去做,她会大为光火的。/ STRONG FORM bi: / / WEAK FORM bi / /bɪ/ (being, was, were, been) verb Common mistake : beWarning: Check your verb endings!Many learners make mistakes when using be in the -ing form.Don't write 'beeing', write being./ STRONG FORM bi: / / WEAK FORM bi / /bɪ/ (being, was, were, been) auxiliary verb CONTINUE 继续 E [+ -ing verb] * used with the present participle of other verbs to describe actions that are or were still continuing (与动词的现在分词连用,表示动作正在进行)正在,在1. I'm still eating. 我还在吃饭。2. She's studying to be a lawyer. 她在学习,将来想成为律师。3. The audience clearly wasn't enjoying the show. 观众显然不喜欢这个节目。4. You're always complaining. 你总是在抱怨。5. I'll be coming back (= I plan to come back) on Tuesday. 我将于周二回来。/ STRONG FORM bi: / / WEAK FORM bi / /bɪ/ (being, was, were, been) auxiliary verb PASSIVE 被动 E [+ past participle] * used with the past participle of other verbs to form the passive (与动词的过去分词连用,表示被动)被1. I'd like to go but I haven't been ask ed. 我倒是想去,但没有邀请我。2. Troublemakers are encourag ed to leave. 闹事者被力劝赶快离开。3. A body has been discover ed by the police. 员警发现了一具尸体。
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例句:Is there a God? 上帝存在吗?
音标:/bi; bi/
词根词缀:是,存在:来自PIE*bheue,存在,将要,词源同future,physics.
折叠2:vmisc there, if, many, •able, long, always, likely, since, never, sure, often, •available, •aware, afraid ● exist, live, have being || take place, happen, occur || be situated, be located, remain
百分比:9.23%
释义分布:是:48%;在:20%;有:20%;到达:6%;拜访:6%
单词:to
中文解释:prep.对于;为了;(表示方向)到;向;(表示间接关系)给adv.(表示方向)去;(门)关上
英音:[音频]
美音:[音频]
牛津高阶:to ★ /before consonants tə before consonants tə/ /before vowels tu before vowels tu/ /strong form tuː; tuː/ prep., infinitive marker, adv. preposition ★ HELP For the special uses of to in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example see to sth is in the phrasal verb section at see. * to 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 see to sth 在词条 see 的短语动词部分。1. ★ in the direction of sth; towards sth 向,朝,往,对着(某方向或某处)I walked to the office. 我朝办公室走去。It fell to the ground. 它掉到了地上。It was on the way to the station. 那是在去火车站的路上。He's going to Paris. 他就要去巴黎了。my first visit to Africa 我对非洲的第一次访问He pointed to something on the opposite bank. 他指向对岸的某样东西。Her childhood was spent travelling from place to place. 她的童年是在不断迁移中度过的。2. ★ to~ the sth (of sth) located in the direction mentioned from sth 位于 … 方向Place the cursor to the left of the first word. 把光标置于第一个单词的左方。There are mountains to the north. 北面有山。3. ★ as far as sth 到,达(某处)The meadows lead down to the river. 牧场一直延伸到河边。Her hair fell to her waist. 她的长发一直垂到腰部。4. ★ reaching a particular state 到,达(某种状态)The vegetables were cooked to perfection. 这些蔬菜烧的火候恰到好处。He tore the letter to pieces. 他把信撕碎了。She sang the baby to sleep. 她唱着歌把孩子哄睡了。The letter reduced her to tears (= made her cry). 那封信让她落泪了。His expression changed from amazement to joy. 他的表情由惊变喜。5. ★ used to show the end or limit of a range or period of time (表示范围或一段时间的结尾或界限)到,至a drop in profits from $105 million to around $75 million 利润从 1.05 亿元降到 7 500 万元左右I'd say he was 25 to 30 years old (= approximately 25 or 30 years old). 我猜他在 25 至 30 岁之间。I like all kinds of music from opera to reggae. 我喜欢各种音乐,从歌剧到雷盖都喜欢。We only work from Monday to Friday. 我们仅从星期一工作到星期五。I watched the programme from beginning to end. 这个节目我从头看到了尾。6. ★ before the start of sth 在 … 开始之前;离;差How long is it to lunch? 离吃午饭还有多久?(especially BrE) It's five to ten (= five minutes before ten o'clock). 现在是十点差五分。7. ★ used to show the person or thing that receives sth (引出接受者)给,予,向He gave it to his sister. 他把那给了他的妹妹。I'll explain to you where everything goes. 我会向你解释所有东西的摆放位置。I am deeply grateful to my parents. 我对父母是感恩戴德。Who did she address the letter to? 那封信她是写给谁的?(formal) To whom did she address the letter? 那封信她是写给谁的?8. ★ used to show the person or thing that is affected by an action (引出受事者或受体)对于,关于She is devoted to her family. 她深深爱着自己的家庭。What have you done to your hair? 你怎么把头发弄成这个样子?9. ★ used to show that two things are attached or connected (表示两件事物相接或相连)Attach this rope to the front of the car. 把这绳子系在小轿车的前面。10. ★ used to show a relationship between one person or thing and another (表示两人或事物之间的关系)属于,归于,关于,对于She's married to an Italian. 她嫁给了一个意大利人。the Japanese ambassador to France 日本驻法大使the key to the door 这个门的钥匙the solution to this problem 解决这个问题的办法11. ★ directed towards; concerning 指向;关于It was a threat to world peace. 这是对世界和平的威胁。She made a reference to her recent book. 她提到了自己最近的那本书。12. ★ used to introduce the second part of a comparison or ratio (引出比较或比率的第二部分)比I prefer walking to climbing. 我喜欢散步多于喜欢爬山。The industry today is nothing to what it once was. 这一行业的现状与昔日的盛况相比微不足道。We won by six goals to three. 我们以六比三获胜。13. ★ used to show a quantity or rate (表示数量或比率)等于,每,一There are 2.54 centimetres to an inch. 一英寸等于 2.54 厘米。This car does 30 miles to the gallon. 这辆汽车每加仑汽油可行驶 30 英里。 ➔ compare per 14. ★ in honour of sb/sth 向 … 表示敬意a monument to the soldiers who died in the war 阵亡将士纪念碑Let's drink to Julia and her new job. 让咱们为朱莉娅和她的新工作干杯。15. while sth else is happening or being done 伴随;随同He left the stage to prolonged applause. 他在经久不息的掌声中退下了舞台。16. used after verbs of movement to mean ‘with the intention of giving sth’ (用于表示动作的动词之后)为了给,以提供People rushed to her rescue and picked her up. 人们冲上前来把她救起。17. ★ used to show sb's attitude or reaction to sth (表示态度或反应)适合,符合,致使His music isn't really to my taste. 他的音乐不太合我的口味。To her astonishment, he smiled. 使她惊讶的是,他笑了。18. ★ used to show what sb's opinion or feeling about sth is (表示看法或感觉)按 … 的看法,据 … 认为It sounded like crying to me. 在我听来这像哭。 infinitive marker ★ HELP To is often used before the base form of a verb to show that the verb is in the infinitive. The infinitive is used after many verbs and also after many nouns and adjectives. * to 常用于原形动词之前,表示该动词为不定式。不定式用于许多动词之后,也用于许多名词和形容词之后。1. ★ used to show purpose or intention (表示目的或意图)I set out to buy food. 我动身去买吃的。I am going to tell you a story. 我要给你们讲一个故事。She was determined to do well. 她决心要做好。His aim was to become president. 他的目的是当总统。To be honest with you, I don't remember what he said. 跟你说实话,我不记得他说过什么了。2. ★ used to show the result of sth (表示结果)She managed to escape. 她设法逃走了。It was too hot to go out. 天太热,不能出去。He couldn't get close enough to see. 他无法靠近看个清楚。3. ★ used to show the cause of sth (表示原因)I'm sorry to hear that. 我听到这消息很难过。4. ★ used to show an action that you want or are advised to do (表示想做或让做的事情)I'd love to go to France this summer. 今年夏天我想去法国。The leaflet explains how to apply for a place. 这本小册子介绍如何申请职位。I don't know what to say. 我不知道说什么好。 HELP To can also be used without a following verb when the missing verb is easy to understand. * to 后面的动词可以容易推断出来时也可省略He asked her to come but she said she didn't want to. 5. ★ used to show sth that is known or reported about a particular person or thing (表示已知或转述的事情)The house was said to be haunted. 据说这座房子里闹鬼。6. ★ used to show that one action immediately follows another (表示一个动作紧跟另一动作)I reached the station only to find that my train had already left. 我到了车站,却发现我要搭乘的火车已经开走了。7. am, is, are, was, were ~ used to show that you must or should do sth 必须;一定;应该You are not to talk during the exam. 考试期间不许说话。She was to be here at 8.30 but she didn't arrive. 她应该在 8:30 到这里,但是没有到。 adverb (usually of a door 通常指门) in or into a closed position 关着;关闭;关上Push the door to. 推门关上。 ➔ see also toing IDM ˌto and ˈfro backwards and forwards 往返地;来回地She rocked the baby to and fro. 她来回摇动着婴儿。 HELP For the special uses of to in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example set to is in the phrasal verb section at set. * to 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 set to 在词条 set 的短语动词部分。to /before consonants tə before consonants tə/
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例句:I walked to the office. 我朝办公室走去。
音标:/before consonants tə before consonants tə/
词根词缀:朝,向:来自古英语to,朝向,在某方向,来自West-Germanic*to,朝向,来自PIE*do,指示代词词干,朝,向,衍生前缀de-.-do 忙乱,喧嚷:来自短语to do.引申词义。
折叠2:t in, want•, try•, back•, need•, able•, lead•, return•, allow•, enough•, continue, listen•, close•, refer•i in, want•, try•, back•, need•, able•, lead•, return•, allow•, enough•, continue, listen•, close•, refer•
百分比:12.14%
释义分布:向:60%;对于:29%;为了:11%
单词:and
中文解释:conj.和;加;接着;那么
英音:[音频]
美音:[音频]
牛津高阶:and ★ /ənd; NAmEənd/ /ən; NAmEən/ /n; NAmEn; especially after /t/; /d/; / /strong form ænd; ænd/ conj. (used to connect words or parts of sentences 用于连接单词或句中并列部分) 1. ★ also; in addition to 和;与;同;又;而bread and butter 涂黄油的面包a table, two chairs and a desk 一张桌子、两把椅子和一张办公桌Sue and I left early. 我和苏早离开了。Do it slowly and carefully. 要慢慢仔细地做。Can he read and write? 他能读会写吗?I cooked lunch. And I made a cake. (= you are emphasizing how much you have done) 我做了午饭,还做了一个蛋糕。 HELP When and is used in common phrases connecting two things or people that are closely linked, the determiner is not usually repeated before the second:a knife and fork my father and mother, but:a knife and a spoon my father and my uncle. 如果 and 在一般短语中连接两个联系密切的人或事物,第二个单词前的限定词通常省略:a knife and fork、my father and mother,而 a knife and a spoon、my father and my uncle 则不省略。2. ★ added to 加;加上 SYN plus 5 and 5 makes 10. * 5 加 5 等于 10。What's 47 and 16? * 47 加 16 得多少? HELP When numbers (but not dates) are spoken, and is used between the hundreds and the figures that follow:2 264 — two thousand, two hundred and sixty-four, but:1964 — nineteen sixty-four. 口语中说数字时(日期除外),and 用于百位数与紧跟的数之间:2 264 说 two thousand, two hundred and sixty-four,但 1964 年只说 nineteen sixty-four。3. ★ then; following this 然后;接着She came in and took her coat off. 她进来后脱了外衣。4. ★ go, come, try, stay, etc. ~ used before a verb instead of to, to show purpose (用于动词前代替 to,表示目的)… 为了Go and get me a pen please. 请你去给我拿支钢笔来。I'll come and see you soon. 我很快就会来看你。We stopped and bought some bread. 我们停下来买了一些面包。 HELP In this structure try can only be used in the infinitive or to tell somebody what to do. 在此结构中,try 只能用于不定式或祈使句。5. ★ used to introduce a comment or a question (引出说话或提问)那么,于是‘We talked for hours.’ ‘And what did you decide?’ “我们谈了好几小时。” “那么你们作出了什么决定?”6. ★ as a result (表示结果)结果是;那么;就Miss another class and you'll fail. 你再缺一次课就会不及格。7. ★ used between repeated words to show that sth is repeated or continuing (连接相同的词,表示反复或连续)接连,又,愈来愈He tried and tried but without success. 他反复尝试,但没有成功。The pain got worse and worse. 疼痛越来越厉害了。8. used between repeated words to show that there are important differences between things or people of the same kind. (连接相同的词,强调差别)与 … 不同,各有不同I like city life but there are cities and cities. 我喜欢城市生活,但城市之间也有差异。 ➔ see also and/or and /ənd; NAmEənd/and/ STRONG FORM ænd / / WEAK FORM nd / / ən/ conjunction ALSO 也 E * used to join two words, phrases, parts of sentences or related statements together; also or in addition to (用于连接两个词、片语、句子成分或相关语句)和,及,又,并1. Ann and Jim 安和吉姆2. boys and girls 男孩和女孩3. knives and forks 刀叉4. We were wet and tired. 我们浑身湿透,精疲力竭。5. We kissed and hugged each other. 我们两个亲吻拥抱。6. Tidy up your room. And don't forget to make your bed! 整理一下你的房间。还有,别忘了铺床!and so on (also and so forth) A * together with other similar things 等等1. schools, colleges and so on 学校、学院等等and all * and everything else 以及其他一切;等等1. She bought the whole lot - house, farm, horses and all. 她把全部东西都买好了——房屋、农场、马匹等等。UK slang * too 也1. I'd like some and all. 我也来一点。and all that informal * and everything related to the subject mentioned 同类的其他一切;以及诸如此类1. She likes grammar and all that. 她喜欢文法这一类的东西。and/or * used to mean that either one of two things or both of them is possible 和/或;以及/或者1. Many pupils have extra classes in the evenings and/or at weekends. 许多学生晚上和/或周末上补习课。/ STRONG FORM ænd / / WEAK FORM nd / / ən/ conjunction THEN 然后 E * used to join two parts of a sentence, one part happening after the other part 然后,接着1. I got dressed and had my breakfast. 我穿好衣服,吃了早餐。E * as a result (表示结果)那么,则,结果是1. Bring the flowers into a warm room and they'll soon open. 把这些花放到一个暖和的房间里,很快就会开了。2. Stand over there and you'll be able to see it better. 站到那里去,你就能看得更清楚了。E * with certain verbs, 'and' can mean 'in order to' (和某些动词连用,表示目的)为了1. I asked him to go and find my glasses. 我让他去找我的眼镜。2. Come and see me tomorrow. 明天来见我。3. Wait and see (= wait in order to see) what happens. 等等看会发生甚么事。4. informal Try and get (= Try to get) some tickets for tonight's performance. 试试看能不能弄到一些今晚演出的票。/ STRONG FORM ænd / / WEAK FORM nd / / ən/ conjunction VERY 很 E * If 'and' is used to join two words which are the same, it makes their meaning stronger (连接两个同样的词,用于加强意义)接连,又,越来越1. She spends hours and hours (= a very long time) on the telephone. 她打起电话来一聊就是好几个小时。2. The sound grew louder and louder (= very loud). 声音变得越来越大。3. We laughed and laughed (= laughed a lot). 我们笑个不停。/ STRONG FORM ænd / / WEAK FORM nd / / ən/ conjunction BUT 尽管 * used to express surprise (表示惊讶)竟然,但是1. You're a vegetarian and you eat fish? 你是个素食主义者,怎么能吃鱼呢?and/ænd; ənd, nd/conjunction· used to connect words of the same part of speech, clauses, or sentences, that are to be taken jointly · [用来连接同词性词、分句和句子]和,与 bread and butter. 面包和黄油。 red and black tiles. 红色与黑色的瓷砖。 they can read and write. 他们能读和写。 a hundred and fifty. 一百五十。■used to connect two clauses when the second refers to something that happens after the first. · [用来连接两个分句,后一分句指后发生的事]然后 he turned round and walked out. 他转过身然后走了出去。■used to connect two clauses, the second of which refers to something that results from the first. · [用来连接两个分句,后一分句指前一分句引起的结果]因此,结果 do that once more and I'll skin you alive. 再那么做,我要活剥你的皮。■connecting two identical comparatives, to emphasize a progressive change. · [连接两个相同的比较级来强调一渐进的变化]越来越 getting better and better. 变得越来越好。■connecting two identical words, implying great duration or great extent. · [连接两个相同的词,暗示连续或程度]接连,又 I cried and cried. 我哭了又哭。■used to connect two identical words to indicate that things of the same name or class have different qualities. · [用来连接两个相同的词表示同一事物有不同性质]此外还有 all human conduct is determined or caused—but there are causes and causes. 所有人类行为都是先决的或有原因的——但有这样那样的原因。■used to connect two numbers to indicate that they are being added together. · [用来连接两个数字表示相加]加 six and four makes ten. 6加4等于10。■(archaic)used to connect two numbers, implying succession. · (古)[用来连接两个数字,含有连续之意]两个两个地 a line of men marching two and two. 一列两个人并排行进的队伍。· used to introduce an additional comment or interjection · [用来引导补充说明或插入语]并且 if it came to a choice—and this was the worst thing—she would turn her back on her parents. 如果要做出选择─这是最糟的事——她会背弃她父母的。■used to introduce a question in connection with what someone else has just said. · [用来引导和某个人刚说的话有关的问题]那么,接着 ‘I found the letter in her bag.’ ‘And did you steam it open?’. “我在她包里发现了信。”“那你用蒸汽拆开信了?”。■(especially in broadcasting) used to introduce a statement about a new topic. · [尤在播音中引导和新话题有关的话]那么,接着 and now to the dessert. 现在来谈甜食。· (informal)used after some verbs and before another verb to indicate intention, instead of ‘to’ · (非正式)[用于某些动词后和另一动词前表示目的,取代“to” ]以,来。 见后面 usage I would try and do what he said. 我会力图照他说的去做。noun· (AND)(Electronics)a Boolean operator which gives the value one if and only if all the operands are one, and otherwise has a value of zero · (电子)“与”(逻辑作用) ■(亦作 AND gate)a circuit which produces an output signal only when signals are received simultaneously through all input connections. · “与”门 〓 习惯用语and/or· either or both of two stated possibilities · 与(或) audio and/or video components. 音频与(或)视频成分。 〓 语源· Old English and, ond, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch en and German &I{undDDD]> · 1 It is still widely taught and believed that conjunctions such as and (and also but and because) should not be used to start a sentence, the argument being that a sentence starting with and expresses an incomplete thought and is therefore incorrect. Writers down the centuries from Shakespeare to David Lodge and the New York Times Book Review have readily ignored this advice, however, using and to start a sentence, typically for rhetorical effect, as in the following example What are the government's chances of winning in court? And what are the consequences? 2 A small number of verbs, notably try, come, and go can be followed by and with another verb, as in sentences like we're going to try and explain it to them or why don't you come and see the film? The structures in these verbs correspond to the use of the infinitive to, as in we're going to try to explain it to them or why don't you come to see the film? Since these structures are grammatically odd—for example, the use is normally only idiomatic with the infinitive of the verb and not with other forms (i. e. it is not possible to say I tried and explained it to them they are regarded as wrong by some traditionalists. However, these uses are extremely common in just about every context and can certainly be regarded as part of standard English3 For information about whether it is more correct to say both the boys and the girls or both the boys and girls see usage at both 4 Where a list of items are separated by and, the following verb needs to be in the plural: see usage at or
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例句:bread and butter 涂黄油的面包
音标:/ənd; ənd/
词根词缀:和:词源同anti-,相对,对立。原指相对的,后指两边加起来。
折叠2:c her, their, other, up, between•, •then, both, back, over, year, down, off, family, friend ● then, after that, afterward || plus, in addition to, as well as || furthermore, moreover, also
百分比:14.91%
释义分布:和:52%;那么:16%;加:16%;接着:16%
单词:a
中文解释:art.一(个);每一(个);任一(个)n.英语字母表的第一个字母;学业成绩得优者;表示“最好”的符号
英音:[音频]
美音:[音频]
牛津高阶:a/ WEAK FORM ə / / STRONG FORM eɪ / (also an) determiner NOT PARTICULAR 非特指的 E * used before a noun to refer to a single thing or person that has not been mentioned before, especially when you are not referring to a particular thing or person, or you do not expect listeners or readers to know which particular thing or person you are referring to 一(个)(用于名词前,表示未曾提及的,尤其是非特指或不想让对方确切知道的事物或人)1. I've bought a car. 我买了辆汽车。2. She's got a boyfriend. 她交了个男朋友。3. There was a sudden loud noise. 突然发出一声巨响。4. What a shame that you couldn't go to the party. 你不能去参加派对,太可惜了。5. I heard a child crying. 我听见有个孩子在哭。6. Is he a friend of yours (= one of your friends) ? 他是你的朋友吗?E * used to state what type of thing or person something or someone is (表示人或物的类型)1. She wants to be a doctor when she grows up. 她长大了想当医生。2. This is a very mild cheese. 这是一种很清淡的起司。3. Experts think the painting may be a Picasso (= by Picasso). 专家认为这幅画可能出自毕卡索的手笔。E * used to mean any or every thing or person of the type you are referring to (泛指所指类别中的任何一个)1. Can you ride a bike? 你会骑脚踏车吗?2. A cheetah can run faster than a lion. 猎豹能跑过狮子。3. A teacher needs to have a lot of patience. 做老师需要很有耐心。E * used before some uncountable nouns when you want to limit their meaning in some way, such as when describing them more completely or referring to one example of them (用于一些不可数名词前,在某种意义上起限定性作用)1. I only have a limited knowledge of Spanish. 我只懂一点西班牙语。2. He has a great love of music. 他酷爱音乐。3. There was a fierceness in her voice. 她的声音中透着股凶气。E * used before some nouns of action when referring to one example of the action (用于某些行为名词前)一下,一次1. Take a look at this, Jez. 杰兹,看一下这个。2. I'm just going to have a wash. 我正要去洗澡。3. There was a knocking at the door. 有人敲门。E * used when referring to a unit or container of something, especially something you eat or drink (尤指饮食的)一份,一客1. I'd love a coffee. 我想来杯咖啡。2. All I had for lunch was a yogurt. 午餐我只吃了一杯优格。E * used before the first but not the second of two nouns that are referred to as one unit (用于被视为一体的两个名词中的第一个词前)一副,一套,一组1. a cup and saucer 一套杯碟2. a knife and fork 一副刀叉E * used before some words that express a number or amount (用于某些表示数量的词前)1. a few days 几天2. a bit of wool 一点羊毛3. a lot of money 很多钱* used in front of a person's name when referring to someone who you do not know (用于不认识的人名前)有个,某一(个)1. There's a Ms Evans to see you. 有位埃文斯女士找你。* used in front of a person's family name when they are a member of that family (用于某人的姓之前,表示其为该姓家族成员)1. Is that a Wilson over there? 那边那个人是威尔逊家的人吗?* used before the name of a day or month to refer to one example of it (用于日期、月份前)一个1. My birthday is on a Friday this year. 今年我的生日是个星期五。2. It's been a very wet June. 今年六月一直都特别潮湿。/ WEAK FORM ə / / STRONG FORM eɪ / (also an) determiner ONE 一 E * one 一1. a hundred 一百2. a thousand 一千3. a dozen 一打4. There were three men and a woman. 有三位男士和一位女士。I * used between a fraction and a unit of measurement (用于分数和度量单位之间)1. half a mile 半英里2. a quarter of a kilo 1/4公斤3. three-quarters of an hour 三刻钟;45分钟4. six-tenths of a second 0.6秒I * used when saying how often something happens in a certain period (指某事在特定时段内发生的频率)每一(个),一1. Take one tablet three times a day. 一日三次,每次一片。2. I swim once a week. 我每星期游泳一次。I * used when saying how much someone earns or how much something costs in a certain period (指特定时段内的收入或费用)一,每1. She earns $100 000 a year. 她一年赚十万美元。2. My plumber charges £20 an hour. 水管工人每小时收我20英镑的维修费。3. I pay £5 a week for my parking permit. 我的停车费是每周五英镑。/ WEAK FORM ə / / STRONG FORM eɪ / (also an) determiner Common mistake : a or an?Use an in front of words which begin with a vowel sound:Don't say 'a animal' or 'a old building', say an animal or an old building.Warning: do not use a or an to refer to uncountable nouns.I have an exciting news for you.I have exciting news for you.I have some exciting news for you.I have an exciting piece of news for you.a ★ /ə; NAmEə/ /strong form eɪ; eɪ/ (also an) indefinite article HELP The form a is used before consonant sounds and the form an before vowel sounds. When saying abbreviations like ‘FM’ or ‘UN’, use a or an according to how the first letter is said. For example, F is a consonant, but begins with the sound /e/ and so you say:an FM radio. U is a vowel but begins with /j/ and so you say:a UN declaration. * a 用于辅音前,an 用于元音前。在 FM、UN 等缩略语前,用 a 还是用 an,需视首字母如何发音而定。如 F 是辅音字母,但其发音以 /e/ 开头,故应说:an FM radio。U 是元音字母,但其发音以 /j/ 开头,故应说:a UN declaration。1. ★ used before countable or singular nouns referring to people or things that have not already been mentioned (用于可数名词或单数名词前,表示未曾提到的)一(人、事、物)a man/horse/unit 一个人;一匹马;一个单位an aunt/egg/hour/X-ray 一位姑母;一颗鸡蛋;一小时;一张 X 光片I can only carry two at a time. 我一次只能带两个。There's a visitor for you. 有位客人找你。She's a friend of my father's (= one of my father's friends). 她是我父亲的朋友。2. ★ used before uncountable nouns when these have an adjective in front of them, or phrase following them (用于前有形容词或后有短语的不可数名词前)a good knowledge of French 精通法语a sadness that won't go away 挥之不去的悲愁3. ★ any; every 任何一;每一A lion is a dangerous animal. 狮子是猛兽。4. ★ used to show that sb/sth is a member of a group or profession (表示为某一群体或职业中的一员)Their new car's a BMW. 他们的新轿车是辆宝马。She's a Buddhist. 她是佛教徒。He's a teacher. 他是教师。Is that a Monet (= a painting by Monet)? 那是莫奈的画吗?5. used in front of two nouns that are seen as a single unit (用于视为一体的两个名词之前)a knife and fork 一副刀叉6. used instead of one before some numbers (用于某些数字前,代替 one)A thousand people were there. 那里有一千人。7. used when talking about prices, quantities and rates (用于价格、数量、比率等)一,每一 SYN per They cost 50p a kilo. 其价钱是一公斤 50 便士。I can type 50 words a minute. 我每分钟能打 50 个单词。He was driving at 50 miles an hour. 当时他正以每小时 50 英里的速度驾车。8. a person like sb 像(某人)的人; … 式的人物She's a little Hitler. 她是个小希特勒。9. used before sb's name to show that the speaker does not know the person (用于某人姓名前,表示说话者不认识此人)有个There's a Mrs Green to see you. 有位格林太太要见你。10. used before the names of days of the week to talk about one particular day (用于一星期中某天的名称前,表示具体某一天)She died on a Tuesday. 她是在某个星期二去世的。a /ə; NAmEə/
图片:[图片]
例句:a man/horse/unit 一个人;一匹马;一个单位
音标:/ə; ə/
词根词缀:A 来自希腊字母alpha,来自腓尼基字母aleph,牛头。
折叠2:a •lot, •few, while, month, •single, •minute, •chance, •bit, •series, hour, •variety, •huge, •dozen, mile
百分比:17.62%
释义分布:英语字母表的第一个字母:34%;表示“最好”的符号:33%;学业成绩得优者:33%
单词:of
中文解释:prep.关于;... 的(表所属);出身于;由于
英音:[音频]
美音:[音频]
牛津高阶:of/ɔv, əv, v, f/preposition· expressing the relationship between a part and a whole · [表示部分与整体的关系]的 ■with the word denoting the part functioning as the head of the phrase. · …的[与短语中的中心词连用] the sleeve of his coat. 他外衣的袖子。 in the back of the car. 在车的后部。 the days of the week. 一个星期中的各天。■after a number, quantifier, or partitive noun, with the word denoting the whole functioning as the head of the phrase. · [用于数词、量词或表部分的词后面,表示整体起中心词的作用]的 nine of the children came to the show. 其中的九个孩子观看了演出。 a series of programmes. 一系列的程序。 a piece of cake. 一块蛋糕。 a lot of money. 很多钱。 a cup of tea. 一杯茶。· expressing the relationship between a scale or measure and a value · [表示数量]的 an increase of 5%. 5%的增长。 a height of 10 metres. 10米的高度。■expressing an age. · (表示年龄)…岁的 a boy of 15. 一个15岁的男孩。· indicating an association between two entities, typically one of belonging, in which the first is the head of the phrase and the second is something associated with it · [表示所属关系]属于…的 the son of a friend. 一个朋友的儿子。 the government of India. 印度政府。 a photograph of the bride. 一张新娘的相片。 a former colleague of John's. 约翰以前的一个同事。■expressing the relationship between an author, artist, or composer and their works collectively. · [表示作者]…所作的 the plays of Shakespeare. 莎士比亚的戏剧。 the paintings of Rembrandt. 伦勃朗的油画。· expressing the relationship between a direction and a point of reference · [表示方向]相对于 north of Watford. 沃特福德以北。 on the left of the picture. 图片的左边。· expressing the relationship between a general category and the thing being specified which belongs to such a category · [表示总类与下属事物的关系] the city of Prague. 布拉格市。 the idea of a just society. 一个公正社会的想法。 the set of all genes. 全套基因。■governed by a noun expressing the fact that a category is vague. · [表示笼统种类]的 this type of book. 这种类型的书。 the general kind of answer that would satisfy me. 通常能让我满意的那种回答。· expressing the relationship between an abstract concept having a verb-like meaning and a noun denoting the subject of the underlying verb· [表示含有动词意义的抽象概念与代表潜在动词的主语的名词之间的关系]的 the opinion of the directors. 主管们的意见。 the decision of the County Council. 郡议会的决定。■where the second noun denotes the object of the underlying verb. · [用于组成短语,其中的第二个名词表示潜在动词的宾语]的 the murder of two boys. 两个男孩的被杀。 payment of his debts. 他债务的偿付。 an admirer of Dickens. 一个狄更斯的崇拜者。■where the head of the phrase is a predicative adjective. · [用于中心词为表语形容词的词组中]对 it was kind of you to ask. 你提出来真是太好了。 I am certain of that. 我肯定。· indicating the relationship between a verb and an indirect object · [表示动词与间接宾语的关系] ■with a verb expressing a mental state. · [与表精神状态的动词连用]关于 they must be persuaded of the severity of the problem. 一定要说服他们认识到问题的严重性。 I don't know of anything that would be suitable. 我不知道什么才会是合适的。■expressing a cause. · [表示原因]由于 he died of cancer. 他死于癌症。· indicating the material or substance constituting something · [表示组成部分]由…构成 the house was built of bricks. 这房子是用砖盖成的。 walls of stone. 石头砌成的墙。· (N. Amer.)expressing time in relation to the following hour · (北美)[表示时间]差 it would be just a quarter of three in New York. 纽约时间会是3点差一刻。 〓 习惯用语be of· possess intrinsically; give rise to · 固有;导致 this work is of great interest and value. 这项工作很重要也很有价值。of all· denoting the least likely or expected example · [表示最不可能或最料不到的事例]在所有…中(编编,就连,居然) Jordan, of all people, committed a flagrant foul. 就连乔丹也有过一次明目张胆的犯规。 · an expression of indignation · [表愤慨、不平]居然 of an evening (或 morning etc.) · on most evenings (or mornings etc.) · 大多数晚上(或早晨等) · at some time in the evenings (or mornings etc.) · 晚间(或早晨)的某个时候 〓 语源· Old English, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch af and German ab, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin ab and Greek apo. · It is a mistake to use of instead of have in constructions such as you should have askednot you should of askedFor more information, see usage at have. of[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition POSSESSION 拥有 E * used to show possession, belonging or origin (用于表示归属或来历)…的,属于1. a friend of mine 我的一位朋友2. the president of the United States 美国总统3. employees of the company 公司雇员4. the colour of his hair 他头发的颜色5. a habit of mine 我的一个习惯6. that revolting dog of hers 她那条可恶的狗7. the love of a good woman 一个善良女人的爱8. the complete plays of (= written by) Federico Garcia Lorca 费德里科‧加西亚‧洛尔卡戏剧全集[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition AMOUNT 数量 E * used after words or phrases expressing amount, number or a particular unit (用于表示数量、数字或某一单位的词或短语之后)1. a kilo of apples 1公斤苹果2. loads of food 许多食物3. hundreds of people 数百人4. most of them 他们中的大多数5. none of them 他们中没有人6. both of us 我们俩7. a third of all people 所有人中的1/38. a speck of dust 一粒灰尘9. a drop of rain 一滴雨[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition CONTAINING 包含 E * containing 含有…的1. a bag of sweets 一袋糖果2. a bottle of beer 一瓶啤酒3. a book of short stories 一本短篇小说集4. sacks of rubbish 几袋垃圾5. a class of idiots 一群白痴[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition POSITION 位置 E * used in expressions showing position (表示方位)1. the top of his head 他的头顶2. the back of your dress 你衣服的背部3. on the corner of the street 在街角4. the front of the queue 队伍的前部5. I've never been north of Edinburgh. 我从未去过爱丁堡以北的地方。[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition TYPICAL 典型的 E * typical or characteristic of …特有的,具有…特点的1. She has the face of an angel. 她有一张天使般的面孔。2. That man's got the brain of a donkey! 那个男人长了个笨驴脑袋![UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition DAYS 日子 E * used to refer to a particular date in a month (表示某月的某一天)1. the eleventh of March 3月11日2. the first of the month 这个月的1号[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition MADE OF 由…制成的 E * made or consisting of; having 由…制成的;由…组成的;含有…的1. dresses of lace and silk 蕾丝和丝绸制成的衣裙2. plates of gold and silver 金银制成的盘子3. a land of ice and snow 冰天雪地4. a woman of great charm 极富魅力的女子5. a subject of very little interest 了无趣味的话题[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition WITH ADJECTIVES/VERBS 用于形容词后 E * used to connect particular adjectives and verbs with nouns (用于连接特定的形容词和名词)1. fond of swimming 喜爱游泳2. sick of his excuses 厌烦了他的借口3. frightened of spiders 害怕蜘蛛[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition JUDGMENT 判断 E * used after an adjective when judging someone's behaviour (用于形容词后表示对某人行为的评判)1. It was a bit unkind of you to mention her weight. 你提到她的体重真是有点太刻薄了。2. Thank you so much for my present. How thoughtful of you. 谢谢你给我的礼物。你想得真周到。[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition RELATING TO 与…有关的 E * about; relating to 关于;与…有关的1. Speaking of Elizabeth, here she is. 说伊丽莎白,伊丽莎白就到。2. One of the advantages of travelling by train is being able to read. 乘火车旅行的好处之一就是能看书。3. Let us consider the events of the last five months. 让我们考虑一下过去5个月中发生的事情。4. Of her childhood we know very little. 我们对她的童年知之甚少。5. And what of (= Tell me about) young Adrian? How is he? 小阿德里安的情况如何?他好吗?[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition THAT IS/ARE 就是 E * that is/are (表示同位)…的…1. the problem of homelessness 无家可归的问题2. a rise of 2% in inflation 通货膨胀率上升2%3. the skill of negotiating 谈判的技巧4. the difficulty of bringing up twins 抚养双胞胎的艰难5. the pain of separation 分离的痛苦6. At the age of six she could read a newspaper. 6岁时她已能读报。[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition DONE TO 对…所做的 E * done to 对…所做的1. the massacre of hundreds of innocent people 对数以百计无辜百姓的屠杀2. the oppression of a nation 对一个民族的压迫3. the destruction of the rain forest 对雨林的破坏[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition FELT BY …感受的 E * felt or experienced by …感受的;…经历的1. the suffering of millions 数百万人的苦难2. the anguish of the murdered child's parents 被杀孩子的父母的痛苦[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition THROUGH 透过 E * through; having as the cause 透过;由于,因为1. He died of cancer. 他死于癌症。2. I didn't have to go there - I did it of my own free will. 我本不必去那里——我这么做完全出于自愿。3. I want to know how it happened because it certainly didn't happen of itself. 我想知道它是怎么发生的,因为它肯定不是自己就发生了。[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition COMPARING 比较 I * used when comparing related things (用于比较)1. Best of all I liked the green one. 我最喜欢绿色的那个。2. Worst of all was the food! 最差劲的是食物!3. He's the best looking of the three brothers. 他是三兄弟中长得最帅的一个。4. I think that of all his films it's my favourite. 我觉得在他所有的电影中我最喜欢这一部。[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition TIME 时间 I US * used in saying what the time is (用于表示时间)1. It's ten (minutes) of five (= ten minutes before five o'clock). 差10分5点。[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition SEPARATE FROM 与…相隔 A * used in expressions showing distance from something in place or time (表示空间或时间上的距离)离,距1. We live within a mile of the city centre. 我们住在距市中心不到1英里的地方。2. She came within two seconds of beating the world record. 她离打破世界纪录差了不到两秒。[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition LOSS 损失 A * used in expressions showing loss (用于表示损失)1. They were robbed of all their savings. 他们的全部积蓄都被抢走了。2. I feel I've been deprived of your company. 我感觉我和你在一起的机会全被剥夺了。[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition DURING 在…期间 old-fashioned * during 在…期间1. I like to relax with a pipe of an evening. 我喜欢在晚上抽一斗烟放松放松。[UK]/əv/ [UK]/ɒv/ [US]/ɑ:v/ preposition of all people/things/places * used to express the idea that a particular person/thing/place is unlikely or surprising (表示认为不可能或惊讶)在所有的人/东西/地方中(偏偏)1. Stella, of all people, is the last one I'd expect to see at the club. 我万万没有想到会在这家俱乐部里见到斯特拉。2. And why did you choose Iceland for a holiday, of all places? 那么多的地方,你为甚么偏偏要去冰岛渡假?of ★ /əv; NAmEəv/ /strong form ɒv; ʌv/ prep. 1. ★ belonging to sb; relating to sb 属于(某人);关于(某人)a friend of mine 我的一个朋友the love of a mother for her child 母亲对孩子的爱the role of the teacher 教师的角色Can't you throw out that old bike of Tommy's? 难道你就不能把汤米那辆旧自行车给扔掉?the paintings of Monet 莫奈的画作 HELP When you are talking about everything someone has painted, written, etc., use of. When you are referring to one or more examples of somebody's work, use by. 指某人所画或所着等的全部作品时,用 of ;指其作品中的一部或多部时,则用 bya painting by Monet 2. ★ belonging to sth; being part of sth; relating to sth 属于(某物);(某事)部分的;关于(某物)the lid of the box 盒子盖the director of the company 公司的董事a member of the team 一名队员the result of the debate 辩论的结果3. ★ coming from a particular background or living in a place 出身于(某背景);住在(某地)a woman of Italian descent 意大利裔女子the people of Wales 威尔士人民4. ★ concerning or showing sb/sth 关于,反映(某人或某事)a story of passion 爱情故事a photo of my dog 我那只狗的照片a map of India 印度地图5. ★ used to say what sb/sth is, consists of, or contains (用于表示性质、组成或涵盖)即,由 … 组成the city of Dublin 都柏林市the issue of housing 住房问题a crowd of people 一群人a glass of milk 一杯牛奶6. ★ used with measurements and expressions of time, age, etc. (用于表示计量、时间或年龄等)2 kilos of potatoes 两公斤马铃薯an increase of 2% * 2% 的增长a girl of 12 * 12 岁的女孩the fourth of July 七月四日the year of his birth 他出生的那一年(old-fashioned) We would often have a walk of an evening. 我们过去常在晚上散步。7. ★ used to show sb/sth belongs to a group, often after some, a few, etc. (常用在 some、a few 等词语之后,表示人或物的所属)属于 … 的some of his friends 他的几位朋友a few of the problems 其中的几个问题the most famous of all the stars 最知名的一位明星8. ★ used to show the position of sth/sb in space or time (表示人或事的时空位置)在,当just north of Detroit 就在底特律以北at the time of the revolution 在革命的年代(NAmE) at a quarter of eleven tonight (= 10.45 p.m.) 在今晚十一点差一刻9. ★ used after nouns formed from verbs. The noun after ‘of’ can be either the object or the subject of the action. (用于由动词转化的名词之后,of 之后的名词可以是受动者,也可以是施动者)the arrival of the police (= they arrive) 警察的到来criticism of the police (= they are criticized) 对警察的批评fear of the dark 对黑暗的惧怕the howling of the wind 狂风的呼啸10. ★ used after some verbs before mentioning sb/sth involved in the action (用于某些动词后,后接动作所涉及的人或事)to deprive sb of sth 剥夺某人的东西He was cleared of all blame. 他所受的一切责难都澄清了。Think of a number, any number. 想一个数字,随便一个。11. ★ used after some adjectives before mentioning sb/sth that a feeling relates to (用于某些形容词后,后接与感情相关的人或事)因为,由于to be proud of sth 为某事自豪12. ★ used to give your opinion of sb's behaviour (用于对某人的行为发表看法)It was kind of you to offer. 感谢你的好意。13. used when one noun describes a second one (用于一个名词修饰另一个名词时)Where's that idiot of a boy (= the boy that you think is stupid)? 那个傻小子在哪儿?IDM of ˈall used before a noun to say that sth is very surprising (用于名词前,表示某事着实令人吃惊)竟然,偏偏I'm surprised that you of all people should say that. 你竟然那么说,真让我吃惊!of all the … used to express anger (用以表示愤怒)Of all the nerve! 竟然如此胆大包天!of /əv; NAmEəv/
图片:[图片]
例句:a friend of mine 我的一个朋友
音标:/əv; əv/
词根词缀:的,在,当:来自古英语of,来自Proto-Germanic*af,来自PIE*apo,离开,词源同前缀ab-,apo-,apogee.后作用连词使用,其原词义见off.
折叠2:i out•, because•, front•, instead•, terms•, way, top•, ahead•, outside•, favor•, place, charge•, light, spite•
百分比:20.22%
释义分布:关于:67%;由于:22%;出身于:11%
单词:in
中文解释:prep.在 ... 里;在 ... 地方;在 ... 期间;在 ... 方面;进入...里面;处于...状态;穿着...;以...的方式adv.在家;入;进;向里;在某地;并入;在某种关系中adj.在里面的;新来的;执政的;<口>时髦的n.当权者;影响;达成目标的路径
英音:[音频]
美音:[音频]
牛津高阶:in/ɪn/ preposition INSIDE 在里面 E * inside or towards the inside of a container, place or area, or surrounded or closed off by something 在(…)里面;在(…)内1. Put the milk back in the fridge when you've finished with it. 喝完牛奶后把它放回冰箱。2. Is Mark still in bed? 马克还在睡觉吗?3. I got stuck in a traffic jam for half an hour. 我堵车堵了半个小时。4. They live in a charming old cottage. 他们住在一间可爱的老屋内。5. How much is that coat on display in the window (= in the space behind the window of the shop) ? 橱窗内展示的那件大衣多少钱?6. I've got a pain in my back. 我背痛。7. What's that in your hand? 你手里拿的是甚么东西?8. I've got something in (= on the surface of) my eye. 我眼睛里进了东西。9. They used to live in Paris, but now they're somewhere in Austria. 他们以前住在巴黎,但现在住在奥地利的某个地方。10. He's always looking at himself in the mirror (= at the image of his face produced by the mirror). 他老是在镜子前照来照去。11. I never know what's going on in her head (= what she's thinking about). 我从来不知道她在想甚么。12. My daughter's UKin hospital/ USin the hospital having her tonsils out. 我女儿在住院切除扁桃体。13. US Is Erika still in school (= does she still go to school) ? 埃丽卡还上学吗?/ɪn/ preposition INTO 到…里面 * into something 到…里面1. Come on, we're late - get in the car. 快点,我们迟到了——快上车。2. Put it in the cupboard. 把它放进橱柜里。3. They threw him in the swimming pool. 他们把他扔进游泳池。/ɪn/ preposition PART 部分 E * forming a part of something 在…中,在…内1. He used to be the lead singer in a rock 'n' roll band. 他曾是一个摇滚乐队的主音歌手。2. There are too many spelling mistakes in this essay. 这篇文章中的拼写错误太多。3. I've been waiting in this queue for ages. 我在这个队里排了很长时间了。4. What do you look for in a relationship? 你想从情爱关系中得到甚么?5. I can see a future champion in Joely (= I think that Joely might become a champion). 我觉得乔利将来会成为冠军。6. Talent like hers is rare in someone so young. 像她这样年轻又有如此才华者实属罕见。/ɪn/ preposition DURING 在…期间 E * during part or all of a period of time 在…期间1. We're going to Italy in April. 我们将在四月去义大利。2. Some trees lose their leaves in (the) autumn. 有些树秋天落叶。3. I started working here in 1991. 我从1991年开始在这里工作。4. Life in the 19th century was very different from what it is now. 19世纪时的生活与现在大不相同。5. Bye, see you in the morning (= tomorrow morning). 再见,明早见。6. She was a brilliant gymnast in her youth (= when she was young). 她年轻时是个优秀的体操运动员。7. How many civilians died in the Vietnam War? 越南战争中有多少平民死亡?8. This is the first cigarette I've had in three years. 这是我三年来抽的第一支烟。9. I haven't had a decent night's sleep in years/ages (= for a long time). 我很久没有好好睡过一觉了。in between I * between the two times mentioned 在期间1. I have breakfast at 7.30, lunch at 1 o'clock and sometimes a snack in between. 我7点30分吃早餐,下午1点吃午餐,有时在两餐之间吃一点零食。/ɪn/ preposition NO MORE THAN 不超过 E * needing or using no more time than a particular amount of time 在…之内1. Can you finish the job in two weeks? 你能在两周内完成这项工作吗?2. She could get that essay done in a couple of hours if she really tried. 如果她真的尽力的话,她可在几小时内完成那篇文章。3. They completed the journey in record time (= faster than ever done before). 他们完成行程耗时之短前所未有。/ɪn/ preposition BEFORE THE END 在结束之前 E * before or at the end of a particular period 在(一段时间)结束之前(或结束时)1. Dinner will be ready in ten minutes. 晚饭将在十分钟后准备好。2. We'll all be dead in a hundred years so there's no point worrying about it. 百年后我们都已死去,因此为此担心是没有必要的。3. I'm just setting off, so I should be with you in half an hour. 我正要出发,所以我半小时后应该会到你那里。/ɪn/ preposition EXPERIENCING 经历着 I * experiencing a situation or condition, or feeling an emotion 处于…中;处于…状态1. We watched in horror as they pulled the bodies from the wreckage. 我们惊恐地看着他们把尸体从残骸中拖出来。2. He's living in luxury in the south of France. 他正在法国南部过着奢侈的生活。3. She left in a bit of a hurry. 她离开时有点匆忙。4. You're in great danger. 你很危险。5. Could I have a word with you in private? 我能私下与你谈谈吗?6. Have you ever been in love? 你谈过恋爱吗?7. Your car's in very good condition, considering how old it is. 以这么旧的汽车来说,你车的状况算是很不错的了。/ɪn/ preposition EXPRESSED 表达的 I * expressed or written in a particular way (表达或书写的方式)用,以1. Cheques should be written in ink. 支票要用墨水笔填写。2. She usually paints in watercolour. 她通常用水彩画画。3. They spoke in Russian the whole time. 他们一直用俄语交谈。4. He always talks in a whisper. 他说话时声音总是那么小。/ɪn/ preposition RESULT 结果 I * used when referring to something that is done as a result of something else (表示一事为另一事的结果)作为1. I'd like to do something for you in return / exchange for everything you've done for me. 我想为你做些事来报答你为我所做的一切。2. The changes are in response to demand from our customers. 这些变化是应我们顾客的要求而作出的。3. He refused to say anything in reply to the journalists' questions. 他拒绝对记者的提问作任何回答。/ɪn/ preposition ARRANGEMENT 安排 I * used to show how things or people are arranged or divided (表示组织或划分方式)以,按照1. We all sat down in a circle. 我们大家围坐成一圈。2. The desks were arranged in rows of ten. 课桌每十张排成一列。3. Discounts are available to people travelling in large groups. 多人组团旅游享有折扣。4. Sometimes customers buy books in twos and threes, but rarely in larger quantities than that. 有时顾客会一次买两三本书,但很少超过这个数量。5. Cut the potatoes in two. 把马铃薯切成两半。6. People are dying in their thousands from typhoid, cold and starvation. 成千上万的人死于伤寒、寒冷和饥饿。/ɪn/ preposition AGE/TEMPERATURE 年龄/温度 I * used when referring approximately to someone's age or the weather temperature (表示年龄、气温)在…左右1. Nowadays many women are in their late thirties when they have their first child. 如今许多妇女生第一胎时都已经接近40岁了。2. Temperatures will be in the mid-twenties (= about 25 degrees). 气温将在25度左右。/ɪn/ preposition INVOLVED 参与 A * involved or connected with a particular subject or activity 参与;从事;与…有关1. I never knew you were in publishing. 我以前从不知道你在出版界工作。2. a degree in philosophy 哲学学位3. advances in medical science 医学的进步/ɪn/ preposition WEARING 穿着 A * wearing 穿着1. Do you recognize that man in the grey suit? 你能认出那个穿着灰色西装的男人吗?2. Pat can't resist men in uniform. 派特抗拒不了穿制服的男人的魅力。3. You look nice in green (= green clothes). 你穿绿色衣服很好看。/ɪn/ preposition COMPARING AMOUNTS 比较数量 A * used to compare one part of an amount of something with the total amount of it (表示比率)每…中1. Apparently one in ten people/one person in ten has problems with reading. 显然,每十个人中有一个阅读有问题。2. UK The basic rate of income tax is 25 pence in (USon)the pound. 所得税基本税率是每英镑25便士。/ɪn/ preposition CHARACTERISTIC 特征 A * used to show which characteristic or part of a person or thing is being described 在…方面1. The new version is worse in every respect - I much preferred the original. 新版本在各方面都较差——我较喜欢原来的版本。2. Are the two bags equal in weight? 两个提包一样重吗?3. She's deaf in her left ear. 她左耳失聪。/ɪn/ preposition CAUSE 原因 A [+ -ing verb] * used to show when doing one thing is the cause of another thing happening 因为,由于1. In refusing (= Because she refused) to work abroad, she missed an excellent job opportunity. 由于拒绝去国外工作,她错过了一个极好的工作机会。2. The government banned tobacco advertising and, in doing so (= because of this) , contributed greatly to the nation's health. 政府禁止烟草广告,这样做对国民的健康大有裨益。in that formal * because 因为,由于1. This research is important in that it confirms the link between aggression and alcohol. 这项研究非常重要,因为它证实了攻击行为和酗酒之间的联系。/ɪn/ preposition be nothing/not much/very little in it informal * said when two things that are being compared are the same or very similar 毫无差别/相差不多/相差无几1. One house has a slightly bigger garden, but there's really not much in it. 有一间房子花园稍大一点,但其实没有甚么差别。/ɪn/ preposition in all * with everything added together to make a total 总共,一共1. The bill came to £25 in all. 帐单一共是25英镑。/ɪn/ preposition in all honesty/seriousness/truthfulness * said when expressing your opinion honestly, seriously or truthfully 老实说/严肃地说/说真的1. In all honesty, I do have some criticisms to make. 老实说,我的确要作些批评。/ɪn/ adverb FROM OUTSIDE 从外面 Ein ★ /ɪn; NAmEɪn/ prep., adv., adj., noun preposition ★ HELP For the special uses of in in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example deal in sth is in the phrasal verb section at deal. * in 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 deal in sth 在词条 deal 的短语动词部分。1. ★ at a point within an area or a space 在(某范围或空间内的)某一点a country in Africa 非洲的一个国家The kids were playing in the street. 孩子们在街上玩。It's in that drawer. 它放在那个抽屉里。I read about it in the paper. 我是在报纸上读到这事的。2. ★ within the shape of sth; surrounded by sth 在(某物的形体或范围)中;在 … 内;在 … 中She was lying in bed. 她躺在床上。sitting in an armchair 坐在扶手椅里Leave the key in the lock. 把钥匙留在锁孔里。Soak it in cold water. 把这东西浸泡在冷水里。3. ★ into sth 进入He dipped his brush in the paint. 他把毛刷在涂料里蘸了蘸。She got in her car and drove off. 她钻进汽车里,开走了。4. ★ forming the whole or part of sth/sb; contained within sth/sb 构成 … 的整体(或部分);包含在 … 之内There are 31 days in May. 五月份有 31 天。all the paintings in the collection 收藏品中的所有画作I recognize his father in him (= his character is similar to his father's). 我在他身上看到了他父亲的气质。5. ★ during a period of time 在(某段时间)内in 2009 在 2009 年in the 18th century 在 18 世纪in spring/summer/autumn/winter 在春天╱夏天╱秋天╱冬天in the fall 在秋天in March 在三月in the morning/afternoon/evening 在上午╱下午╱晚上I'm getting forgetful in my old age. 我现在上了年纪,变得健忘了。6. ★ after a particular length of time 在(某段时间)之后to return in a few minutes/hours/days/months. 几分钟╱几小时╱几天╱几个月后回来It will be ready in a week's time (= one week from now). 只需一周的时间就会准备好。She learnt to drive in three weeks (= after three weeks she could drive). 她花了三个星期就学会开车。7. ★ (used in negative sentences or after first, last, etc. 用于否定句或 first、last 等之后) for a particular period of time 在(某段时间)内I haven't seen him in years. 我有好些年没见过他了。It's the first letter I've had in ten days. 这是我十天来收到的第一封信。8. ★ wearing sth 穿着;戴着dressed in their best clothes 穿着他们最好的衣服the man in the hat 戴帽子的男子to be in uniform 穿着制服She was all in black. 她穿着一身黑。9. ★ used to describe physical surroundings (用以描述具体的环境)We went out in the rain. 我们冒雨出去了。He was sitting alone in the darkness. 他独自坐在黑暗中。10. ★ used to show a state or condition (表示状态或状况)I'm in love! 我恋爱了!The house is in good repair. 这所房子保养得不错。I must put my affairs in order. 我必须整理整理我的事务。a man in his thirties 一名三十多岁的男子The daffodils were in full bloom. 水仙花正盛开。11. ★ involved in sth; taking part in sth 参与;参加to act in a play 参加演戏12. ★ used to show sb's job or profession (显示工作或职业)He is in the army. 他在军队服役。She's in computers. 她从事计算机业。in business 从商13. ★ used to show the form, shape, arrangement or quantity of sth (显示某物的形式、形状、安排或数量)a novel in three parts 分为三部的小说Roll it up in a ball. 把它卷成一个球。They sat in rows. 他们一排一排地坐着。People flocked in their thousands to see her. 现场聚集了数以千计的人争相目睹她的丰采。14. ★ used to show the language, material, etc. used (表示使用的语言、材料等)Say it in English. 用英语说吧。She wrote in pencil. 她用铅笔写的。Put it in writing. 把它写下来。I paid in cash. 我用现金支付的。He spoke in a loud voice. 他大声说话。15. ★ concerning sth 关于;在 … 方面She was not lacking in courage. 她并不缺乏勇气。a country rich in minerals 矿藏丰富的国家three metres in length 三米长16. while doing sth; while sth is happening 做 … 时; … 发生时;当 … 时In attempting to save the child from drowning, she nearly lost her own life. 她在抢救落水的儿童时,自己差点丧命。In all the commotion I forgot to tell him the news. 在一阵混乱之中我忘了告诉他那个消息。17. used to introduce the name of a person who has a particular quality (引出具某种品质的人的名字)We're losing a first-rate editor in Jen. 我们即将失去詹恩这位一流的编辑。18. used to show a rate or relative amount (显示比率或相对数量)a gradient of one in five 五分之一的坡度a tax rate of 22 pence in the pound 每英镑 22 便士的税率IDM in that /ɪn ðət; NAmEɪn ðət/ (formal) for the reason that; because 原因是;因为She was fortunate in that she had friends to help her. 她很幸运,有一些朋友帮助她。 adverb ★ HELP For the special uses of in in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example fill in (for sb) is in the phrasal verb section at fill. * in 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 fill in (for sb) 在词条 fill 的短语动词部分。1. ★ contained within an object, an area or a substance 在里面;在内We were locked in. 我们被锁在里面了。I can't drink coffee with milk in. 我不能喝加牛奶的咖啡。2. ★ into an object, an area or a substance 进入She opened the door and went in. 她打开门进去了。The kids were playing by the river and one of them fell in. 孩子们在河边玩耍时,其中一个突然落水了。3. ★ (of people 人) at home or at a place of work 在家里;在工作单位Nobody was in when we called. 我们打电话过去时没有人在。 OPP out 4. ★ (of trains, buses, etc. 火车、公共汽车等) at the place where people can get on or off, for example the station 在车站;在停靠站The bus is due in (= it should arrive) at six. 公共汽车应该在六点钟到站。5. ★ (of letters, etc. 信件等) received 收到;被投递到Applications must be in by April 30. 申请务必于四月三十日之前寄到。6. ★ (of the tide 潮汐) at or towards its highest point on land 上涨;在最高点Is the tide coming in or going out? 现在是涨潮还是落潮?7. elected 当选Several new councillors got in at the last election. 几位新政务委员在最近一轮选举中当选。8. (in cricket, baseball, etc. 板球、棒球等) if a team or team member is in, they are batting 击球9. (in tennis, etc. 网球等) if the ball is in, it has landed inside the line (球)落在界内Her serve was just in. 她发的球刚好落在界内。IDM be in at sth to be present when sth happens 某事发生时在场They were in at the start. 开始时他们在场。be ˈin for sth (informal) to be going to experience sth soon, especially sth unpleasant 即将经历,即将遭受(不愉快的事)He's in for a shock! 他很快就会感到震惊的!I'm afraid we're in for a storm. 看来我们就要遇到风暴了。be/get ˈin on sth (informal) to be/become involved in sth; to share or know about sth 参与;了解I'd like to be in on the plan. 我很想参与这项计划。Is she in on the secret? 她知道这个秘密吗?be (well) ˈin with sb (informal) to be (very) friendly with sb, and likely to get an advantage from the friendship 和 …(十分)友好(很可能从中得到好处)ˌin and ˈout (of sth) going regularly to a place 时常出入He was in and out of jail for most of his life. 他大半生的时间都是监狱的常客。 adjective [usually before noun] (informal) popular and fashionable 流行的;时髦的Purple is the in colour this spring. 紫色是今年春天的流行色。Exotic pets are the in thing right now. 奇异的宠物眼下很时髦。Short skirts are in again. 现在又时兴穿短裙子了。 ➔ see also in-joke noun IDM an ˈin to sth = a way into sth at way n. have an ˈin with sb (especially NAmE) to have influence with sb 对某人有影响the ˌins and ˈouts (of sth) all the details, especially the complicated or difficult ones (尤指复杂或难的)全部细节,详情the ins and outs of the problem 问题的来龙去脉He quickly learned the ins and outs of the job. 他很快就掌握了工作的全部诀窍。in /ɪn; NAmEɪn/
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例句:a country in Africa 非洲的一个国家
音标:/ɪn; ɪn/
词根词缀:在里,在内,在中:来自古英语in,里面,上面,中间,进入,来自PIE*en,进入。词义上面已由on 替代。-laws 公婆,岳父母:即法律意义上的父母。
折叠2:i which, year, new, way, place, •world, life, school, country, case, •area, city, •United States, •fact ● around, inside, within || appearing in, taking part in, participating in, featuring inr come•, •addition, •part, •general, •particular, bring•, move•, •short, •public, •common ● around, inside, accessible, available, at home, herec (in that) which, year, new, way, place, •world, life, school, country, case, •area, city, •United States, •factjnoun fertilization, embryo, study, clinic, procedure, technique, model, cycle, baby, result, process, animal misc •vitro, •between, •vivo, •loco, conceive•, born, undergo•, artificial, measure•, pregnant•, surplus•, in ● cutting-edge, fashionable, trendy, popular, hip, voguish
百分比:22.06%
释义分布:执政的:25%;进:17%;在里面的:13%;在家:13%;入:8%;在某种关系中:4%;在某地:4%;在 ... 方面:4%;向里:4%;以...的方式:4%;新来的:4%执政的:25%;进:17%;在里面的:13%;在家:13%;入:8%;在某种关系中:4%;在某地:4%;在 ... 方面:4%;向里:4%;以...的方式:4%;新来的:4%
单词:i
中文解释:pron.我
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牛津高阶:
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例句:
音标:
词根词缀:
折叠2:
百分比:23.65%
释义分布:
单词:that
中文解释:pron.那conj.引导从句adj.那个;上文提到的adv.非常;那么地
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牛津高阶:that ★ det., pron., conj., adv.that those determiner ★ /ðæt; NAmEðæt/ (pl. those /ðəʊz; NAmEðoʊz/) 1. ★ used for referring to a person or thing that is not near the speaker or as near to the speaker as another (指较远的人或事物)那,那个Look at that man over there. 瞧那边的那个男子。How much are those apples at the back? 后边那些苹果什么价钱?2. ★ used for referring to sb/sth that has already been mentioned or is already known about (指已提到过或已知的人或事物)那,那个I was living with my parents at that time. 那时候我和父母住在一起。That incident changed their lives. 那次事件改变了他们的生活。Have you forgotten about that money I lent you last week? 你忘记上星期我借给你的那笔钱了吧?That dress of hers is too short. 她那件连衣裙太短了。 pronoun ★ /ðæt; NAmEðæt/ (pl. those /ðəʊz; NAmEðoʊz/) 1. ★ used for referring to a person or thing that is not near the speaker, or not as near to the speaker as another (指较远的人或事物)那, 那个Who's that? 那是谁?That's Peter over there. 那边那个人是彼得。Hello. Is that Jo? 喂,是乔吗?That's a nice dress. 那件连衣裙很漂亮。Those look riper than these. 那些看上去比这些熟一些。2. ★ used for referring to sb/sth that has already been mentioned, or is already known about (指已提到过或已知的人或事物)那,那个What can I do about that? 这事我可怎么办?Do you remember when we went to Norway? That was a good trip. 你记得我们什么时候去挪威吗?那次旅行真不错。That's exactly what I think. 我正是那么想的。3. (formal) used for referring to people or things of a particular type (特指)那,那种,那些Those present were in favour of change. 在座的人都赞成变革。There are those who say (= some people say) she should not have got the job. 有些人说她本不该得到这份工作。Salaries are higher here than those in my country. 这里的薪水比我国的高。4. ★ /ðət; NAmEðət/ /rare strong form ðæt; NAmEðæt/ (pl. that) used as a relative pronoun to introduce a part of a sentence which refers to the person, thing or time you have been talking about (用作关系代词,引导从句)Where's the letter that came yesterday? 昨天来的信在哪儿?Who was it that won the US Open? 在美国公开赛上获胜的是谁?The watch (that) you gave me keeps perfect time. 您给我的那只表走得很准。The people (that) I spoke to were very helpful. 我交谈过的人都很肯帮忙。It's the best novel (that) I've ever read. 这是我读过的最佳小说。We moved here the year (that) my mother died. 我们是我母亲去世那年搬来的。 HELP In spoken and informal written English that is nearly always left out when it is the object of the verb or is used with a preposition. 在英语口语和非正式的书面语中,作为动词宾语或与介词连用的 that 一般都省略。IDM and (all) ˈthat (BrE) (informal) and everything else connected with an activity, a situation, etc. 等等;以及诸如此类的事物 SYN and so on Did you bring the contract and (all) that? 合同什么的你都带来了吗?that is (to say) used to say what sth means or to give more information 也就是说;即;换句话说He's a local government administrator, that is to say a civil servant. 他是地方政府的行政官员,也就是文官。You'll find her very helpful — if she's not too busy, that is. 你会觉得她很肯帮忙,那是说如果她不太忙的话。 ➔ language bank at i.e. ˌthat's ˈit (informal) 1. ★ used to say that sb is right, or is doing sth right (表示某人正确或做得对)就是这样,正是如此,对啦No, the other one … that's it. 不,另一个 … 就是它。That's it, carry on! 对啦!继续!2. ★ used to say that sth is finished, or that no more can be done (表示已完成或再也没有可做的了)好了,就这样吧That's it, the fire's out now. 好了,现在火灭了。That's it for now, but if I get any news I'll let you know. 现在就这些,如果再得到消息,我就通知你。A week to go, and that's it! 还有一周,就完事了!3. used to say that you will not accept sth any longer (表示不再接受)行了,够了That's it, I've had enough! 够了,我受够了!4. ★ used to talk about the reason for sth (表示理由)就是这个问题,就是这么回事So that's it — the fuse had gone. 问题就出在这里,保险丝烧断了。You don't love me any more, is that it? 你不再爱我啦,是不是这样?ˌthat's ˈthat (informal) used to say that your decision cannot be changed (表示决定不能更改)就是这样,就这样定了Well I'm not going, and that's that. 好啦,我不去,就这么定了。 conjunction ★ /ðət; NAmEðət/ /rare strong form ðæt; NAmEðæt/ 1. ★ used after some verbs, adjectives and nouns to introduce a new part of the sentence (用于某些动词、形容词和名词后,引出从句)She said (that) the story was true. 她说这件事是真的。It's possible (that) he has not received the letter. 可能他还没有收到那封信。The fact (that) he's older than me is not relevant. 他比我年纪大这一事实无关紧要。 HELP In spoken and informal written English that is usually left out after reporting verbs and adjectives. It is less often left out after nouns. 在英语口语和非正式的书面语中,在引出间接引语的动词和形容词之后的 that 通常省略,而在名词后的则一般不省略。2. ★ so … that … used to express a result (表示结果)如此 … 以至She was so tired (that) she couldn't think straight. 她累得昏头昏脑。 HELP In informal English that is often left out. 在非正式英语中,that 常被省略。3. (literary) used for expressing a hope or a wish (表示希望或愿望)多么Oh that I could see him again! 啊,我多么想能再看到他! adverb /ðæt; NAmEðæt/ 1. used when saying how much or showing how long, big, etc. sth is with your hands (以手势表示长度、大小等时用)那样,那么I can't walk that far (= as far as that). 我走不了那么远。It's about that long. 大约有那么长。2. not (all) ~ not very, or not as much as has been said 不很;不那么It isn't all that cold. 天没那么冷。There aren't that many people here. 这里并没有那么多人。3. (BrE) (informal) used to emphasize how much (用以强调程度)那么I was that scared I didn't know what to do. 我非常害怕,以至不知如何是好。that /ðæt; NAmEðæt/those /ðəʊz; NAmEðoʊz/
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例句:Look at that man over there. 瞧那边的那个男子。
音标:/ðæt; ðæt/
词根词缀:那,那个:来自古英语thaet,那,那个,来自Proto-Germanic*that,那,那个,来自PIE*tod,指示代词,扩展自PIE*to,指示代词,词源同the,they.词义演变比较同源词here,he.
折叠2:c fact•, believe•, suggest•, indicate•, argue•, realize•, note•, clear•, evidence•, ensure•, aware•, notion•, stuff, •correctd fact•, believe•, suggest•, indicate•, argue•, realize•, note•, clear•, evidence•, ensure•, aware•, notion•, stuff, •correctr •is, •much, •far, •say, really•, •early, •simple, •bad, best, worse, •easier, •simpler, •earlier
百分比:25.15%
释义分布:那个:61%;那:25%;非常:5%;上文提到的:5%;那么地:2%;引导从句:2%
单词:you
中文解释:pron.你;你们;(泛指)任何人
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牛津高阶:you ★ /ju; NAmEjə/ /strong form juː; juː/ pron. 1. ★ used as the subject or object of a verb or after a preposition to refer to the person or people being spoken or written to 你;您;你们You said you knew the way. 你说过你知道路的。I thought she told you. 我以为她告诉你了。Can I sit next to you? 我可以坐在你旁边吗?I don't think that hairstyle is you (= it doesn't suit your appearance or personality). 我觉得那种发型不适合你。2. ★ used with nouns and adjectives to speak to sb directly (与名词及形容词连用,直接称呼某人)You girls, stop talking! 你们这些女孩子,别说话了!You stupid idiot! 你这个白痴!3. ★ used for referring to people in general (泛指任何人)You learn a language better if you visit the country where it is spoken. 如果到说某种语言的国家去,就会把这种语言学得更好。It's a friendly place — people come up to you in the street and start talking. 这个地方的人很友好,在街上走着就有人上来跟你攀谈。you /ju; NAmEjə/
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例句:You said you knew the way. 你说过你知道路的。
音标:/ju; jə/
词根词缀:你,你们:来自PIE*yu,二人称复数,词源同ye,并逐渐取代二人称单数thou,兼具单复数格。
折叠2:p know, if•, get, think, want, see, tell, me, thank•, ask, let, •need, mean, talk
百分比:26.50%
释义分布:你:91%;你们:9%
单词:it
中文解释:pron.它
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牛津高阶:it/it/ it1pronoun[third person singular]· used to refer to a thing previously mentioned or easily identified · [用于指已经提到的或易于确认的事物] a room with two beds in it. 一间有两张床的房间。 this approach is refreshing because it breaks down barriers. 这种方法扫除了重重障碍,所以让人耳目一新。■referring to an animal or child of unspecified sex. · [指性别不计或不详时的动物或小 孩]它,这,那 she was holding the baby, cradling it and smiling into its face. 她抱着婴儿,一边轻摇着它,一边冲着它微笑。■referring to a fact or situation previously mentioned, known, or happening. · 刚刚提到的、已知的或正发生的事实或情形 stop it, you're hurting me. 快停下来,你把我弄痛了。· used to identify a person · [用于确定一个人的身份] it's me. 是我。 it's a boy!. 是个男孩!。· used in the normal subject position in statements about time, distance, or weather · [作句子主语表示时间、距离或天气等] it's half past five. 五点半了。 it was two miles to the island. 距离小岛有两英里远。 it's raining. 正在下雨。· used in the normal subject or object position when a more specific subject or object is given later in the sentence · [作先行主语或宾语,代表句内稍后出现的特定主语或宾语] it is impossible to assess the problem. 无法估摸这个问题。 she found it interesting to learn about their strategy. 她觉得学习他们的策略很有意思。· [with clause]used to emphasize a following part of a sentence · [用于强调其后的句子成分] it is the child who is the victim. 这个孩子才是牺牲品。· the situation or circumstances; things in general · 环境;情况,局势 no one can stay here—it's too dangerous now. 没人能呆在这个地 方——现在局势太危险了。 he would like to see you straight away if it's convenient. 如果方便的话,他想马上见到你。· exactly what is needed or desired · 正是所需(要或想望)的事物 they thought they were it. 他们认为自己是最棒的。 you've either got it or you haven't. 要么你已得到了你想要的,要么还没有。· (一般作‘it’)(informal)sexual intercourse or sex appeal · (非正式)性交;性欲 the only thing I knew nothing about was ‘it’. 我唯一对之一无所知的便是“性”。· (一般作‘it’)(in children's games) the player who has to catch the others · (儿童捉迷藏等游戏中的)捉人者,找人者 〓 习惯用语at it· · 见at.that's it· that is the main point or difficulty · 那正是要点;那正是问题所在 ‘Is she going?’ ‘That's just it—she can't make up her mind.’. “她去吗?”“那正是问题所在——她拿不定主意。”。· that is enough or the end · 够了;好了 okay, that's it, you've cried long enough. 好了,你已经哭得够久的了。this is it· the expected event is about to happen · (盼望的事情)即将发生;即将来临 this is it—the big sale. 快了——就要大甩卖了。· this is enough or the end · 够了;好了 this is it, I'm going. 好了,我就要走了。· this is the main point or difficulty · 这正是要点;这正是问题所在 〓 语源· Old English hit, neuter of he, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch het. it it2noun· [mass noun](Brit. informal, dated)Italian vermouth · (英,非正式,旧)意大利苦艾酒,味美思酒 he poured a gin and it. 他倒了一份杜松子酒加意大利味美思酒。 〓 语源· 1930s: abbreviation.it/ɪt/ pronoun E * (as subject or object) the thing, animal or situation which has already been mentioned (用作主语或受词)它,这,那(指上文提到的事物、动物或情况)1. "Where's my pen? It was on my desk a minute ago." "You left it by the phone." “我的钢笔在哪里?刚才还在我的桌上。”“你放在电话旁了。”2. The company was losing money and it had to make people redundant. 该公司在亏损,所以不得不裁员。3. The argument was upsetting for us all - I don't want to talk about it. 那场争论使我们大家都心烦——我不想再谈论了。4. Children who stay away from school do it for different reasons. 孩子翘课有各种原因。/ɪt/ pronoun Common mistake : it or there?Warning: it cannot be used with a linking verb and a noun to say that something exists or is present.Don't say 'it is/was something', say there is/was something :It was no toilet on the coach.There was no toilet on the coach.it ★ /ɪt; NAmEɪt/ pron. (used as the subject or object of a verb or after a preposition 用作动词主语或宾语,或置于介词之后) 1. ★ used to refer to an animal or a thing that has already been mentioned or that is being talked about now (指提到过的或正在谈论的动物或事物)它‘Where's your car?’ ‘It's in the garage.’ “你的汽车在哪儿?” “在车库里。”Did you see it? 你看见它了吗?Start a new file and put this letter in it. 建立一个新档案,把这封信放进去。Look! It's going up that tree. 瞧!它正在往那棵树上爬呢。We have $500. Will it be enough for a deposit? 我们有 500 元。够不够作押金?2. ★ used to refer to a baby, especially one whose sex is not known (指婴儿,尤指性别不详者)Her baby's due next month. She hopes it will be a boy. 她的孩子该下个月出生。她希望会是个男孩。3. ★ used to refer to a fact or situation that is already known or happening (指已知或正在发生的事实或情况)When the factory closes, it will mean 500 people losing their jobs. 工厂如果关闭,就意味着 500 人要失业。Yes, I was at home on Sunday. What about it? (= Why do you ask?) 是的,我星期天待在家里。怎么了?Stop it, you're hurting me! 住手,你把我弄疼了!4. ★ used to identify a person (用以明确身分)It's your mother on the phone. 是你母亲来的电话。Hello, Peter, it's Mike here. 喂,彼得,我是迈克。Hi, it's me! 嗨,是我!Was it you who put these books on my desk? 是你把这些书放在我桌子上的吗?5. ★ used in the position of the subject or object of a verb when the real subject or object is at the end of the sentence (用作形式主语或形式宾语,而真正的主语或宾语在句末)Does it matter what colour it is? 它是什么颜色重要吗?It's impossible to get there in time. 不可能及时到达那里。It's no use shouting. 喊也没有用。She finds it boring at home. 她觉得待在家里无聊。It appears that the two leaders are holding secret talks. 看来两位领导人正在密谈。I find it strange that she doesn't want to go. 她居然不想去,我觉得奇怪。 ➔ language bank at impersonal 6. ★ used in the position of the subject of a verb when you are talking about time, the date, distance, the weather, etc. (谈论时间、日期、距离、天气等时用作主语)It's ten past twelve. 现在十二点十分。It's our anniversary. 今天是我们的周年纪念日。It's two miles to the beach. 距离海滩两英里远。It's a long time since they left. 他们已经离开很久了。It was raining this morning. 今天上午在下雨。It's quite warm at the moment. 现在天气相当暖和。7. ★ used when you are talking about a situation (谈论情况时用)If it's convenient I can come tomorrow. 方便的话,我可以明天过来。It's good to talk. 谈一谈很好。I like it here. 我喜欢这里。8. ★ used to emphasize any part of a sentence (强调句子的某部分)It's Jim who's the clever one. 就数吉姆聪明。It's Spain that they're going to, not Portugal. 他们要去的是西班牙,不是葡萄牙。It was three weeks later that he heard the news. 三个星期之后他才听到这个消息。9. exactly what is needed 正好是所需的;恰好In this business, either you've got it or you haven't. 在这件事上,你不是成功了就是失败了。 ➔ see also its IDM that is ˈit1. this/that is the important point, reason, etc. 这(或那)是要点(或重要原因等);正是这样That's just it — I can't work when you're making so much noise. 问题是,你那么吵,我没法工作。2. ★ this/that is the end 这(或那)就是终结I'm afraid that's it — we've lost. 我看就这样了,我们输了。this is ˈit1. the expected event is just going to happen (期待的事)就要发生了Well, this is it! Wish me luck. 好了,要来的已经来了!祝我走运吧。2. this is the main point 这就是要点‘You're doing too much.’ ‘Well, this is it. I can't cope with any more work.’ “你太劳累了。” “哎,你说到点子上了。我什么事都再也干不了了。”it /ɪt; NAmEɪt/
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例句:‘Where's your car?’ ‘It's in the garage.’ “你的汽车在哪儿?” “在车库里。”
音标:/ɪt; ɪt/
词根词缀:它:来自古英语hit,来自PIE*ko,这个,这里,词源同he,here,him.后为与him 相区别,字母h 有意识脱落。比较I.
折叠2:p think•, so, because, •seem, even, hard, •easy, •clear, whether•, •difficult, •possible, sound, worth, •impossible ● the aforementioned, he, she, her || the situation, the problem, the issue, the subject
百分比:27.75%
释义分布:它:100%
单词:have
中文解释:aux.已经vt.有;吃;得到;从事;允许;雇用;享有n.[常用复数]富人,有产者,有钱人;富国
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牛津高阶:have ★ /həv; NAmEhəv/ /əv; NAmEəv/ /strong form hæv; hæv/ verb, auxiliary verbhave has had having verb ★ (In some senses have got is also used, especially in British English. 作某些意义时也用 have got,尤其是英式英语。) own/hold 拥有;持有1. ★ (also have got) have~ sth (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to own, hold or possess sth 有;持有;占有He had a new car and a boat. 他有一辆新车和一条船。Have you got a job yet? 你有工作了吗?I don't have that much money on me. 我身上没带那么多钱。She's got a BA in English. 她有英语学士学位。consist of 由 … 组成2. ★ (also have got) have~ sth (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) be made up of 由 … 组成In 2008 the party had 10 000 members. 这个党在 2008 年时拥有 1 万名党员。quality/feature 性质;特征3. ★ (also have got) (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to show a quality or feature 显示出,带有(性质、特征) have~ sthThe ham had a smoky flavour. 这火腿散发着一种烟熏的香味。The house has gas-fired central heating. 这所房子有燃气中央供暖系统。They have a lot of courage. 他们勇气十足。 have~ sth + adj. He's got a front tooth missing. 他有一颗门牙掉了。4. ★ (also have got) have~ sth to do sth (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to show a particular quality by your actions (通过行动)表现出(品质)Surely she didn't have the nerve to say that to him? 她一定没有胆量跟他这样说吧?relationship 关系5. ★ (also have got) have~ sb/sth (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) used to show a particular relationship (表示关系)有He's got three children. 他有三个孩子。Do you have a client named Peters? 你们有一位名叫彼得斯的客户吗?sth available 可利用6. ★ (also have got) have~ sth (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to be able to make use of sth because it is available 能用Have you got time to call him? 你有时间给他打电话吗?We have no choice in the matter. 我们在这件事上别无选择。should/must 应该;必须7. ★ (also have got) have~ sth (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to be in a position where you ought to do sth 有责任(或义务)We have a duty to care for the refugees. 我们有义务关怀这些难民。8. ★ (also have got) (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to be in a position of needing to do sth 须要,有必要(做某事) have~ sthI've got a lot of homework tonight. 我今晚有很多家庭作业要做。 have~ sth to doI must go — I have a bus to catch. 我必须走了,我得去赶公共汽车。hold 抓住9. ★ (also have got) (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) have~ sb/sth + adv./prep. to hold sb/sth in the way mentioned 抓住;握着;支承She'd got him by the collar. 她抓住了他的衣领。He had his head in his hands. 他双手抱着脑袋。put/keep in a position 放╱保持在某位置10. ★ (also have got) have~ sth + adv./prep. (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to place or keep sth in a particular position 使放在;使保持(在)Mary had her back to me. 玛丽背对着我。I soon had the fish in a net. 我不一会就网住了那条鱼。feeling/thought 感觉;思想11. ★ (also have got) (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) have~ sth to let a feeling or thought come into your mind 感到;想到He had the strong impression that someone was watching him. 他强烈地感觉到有人在监视他。We've got a few ideas for the title. 关于名称,我们有几种想法。(informal) I've got it! We'll call it ‘Word Magic’. 我想到了!我们就叫它“文字魔术”吧。illness 病12. ★ (also have got) have~ sth (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to suffer from an illness or a disease 患病;得病;染病I've got a headache. 我头痛。experience 经历13. ★ have~ sth to experience sth 经受;经历;经验I went to a few parties and had a good time. 我参加了几次聚会,过得很愉快。I was having difficulty in staying awake. 我正困得睁不开眼。She'll have an accident one day. 她总有一天会出事的。event 活动14. ★ have~ sth to organize or hold an event 组织;举办Let's have a party. 我们办一次聚会吧。eat/drink/smoke 饮食;吸烟15. ★ have~ sth to eat, drink or smoke sth 吃;喝;吸(烟等)to have breakfast/lunch/dinner 吃早饭╱午饭╱正餐I'll have the salmon (= for example, in a restaurant). 我要一份鲑鱼。I had a cigarette while I was waiting. 我等候时抽了一支烟。do sth 做某事16. ★ have~ sth to perform a particular action 进行(活动)I had a swim to cool down. 我游了泳,凉快凉快。(BrE) to have a wash/shower/bath 洗一下;冲淋浴;洗澡give birth 生17. ★ have~ sb/sth to give birth to sb/sth 生;生产She's going to have a baby. 她快生孩子了。effect 效果18. ★ have~ sth to produce a particular effect 产生(效果)His paintings had a strong influence on me as a student. 我当学生时,他的画对我产生过强烈的影响。The colour green has a restful effect. 绿色使人感到宁静。receive 接收19. ★ have~ sth (not usually used in the progressive tenses 通常不用于进行时) to receive sth from sb 收到;接到I had a letter from my brother this morning. 我今天早晨收到了弟弟的一封信。Can I have the bill, please? 请给我账单。20. ★ have~ sth to be given sth; to have sth done to you 得到;接受;受到I'm having treatment for my back problem. 我正接受背部疾患的治疗。How many driving lessons have you had so far? 你到目前为止上过多少节驾驶课了?21. ★ (also have got) (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) have~ sth doing sth to experience the effects of sb's actions 接受(某人行为的效果)We have orders coming in from all over the world. 我们接到来自世界各地的订单。have sth done 让某事做成22. ★ (used with a past participle 与过去分词连用) have~ sth done to suffer the effects of what sb else does to you 蒙受(他人所为的后果)She had her bag stolen. 她的包被偷了。23. ★ (used with a past participle 与过去分词连用) have~ sth done to cause sth to be done for you by sb else 让(他人)为你做(某事)You've had your hair cut! 你理发了!We're having our car repaired. 我们的车正在修理。24. to tell or arrange for sb to do sth for you 要(或安排)(某人)做(某事) have~ sb do sthHe had the bouncers throw them out of the club. 他叫保安人员把他们轰出了俱乐部。(informal) I'll have you know (= I'm telling you) I'm a black belt in judo. 你听着,我可是柔道黑带级高手。 have~ sb + adv./prep. She's always having the builders in to do something or other. 她总是让建筑工人到家里来干这干那。allow 允许25. (used in negative sentences, especially after will not, cannot, etc. 用于否定句,尤置于 will not、cannot 等之后) to allow sth; to accept sth without complaining 允许;容忍 have~ sthI'm sick of your rudeness — I won't have it any longer! 你的无礼我已经受够了,我不会再容忍下去了! have~ sb/sth doing sthWe can't have people arriving late all the time. 我们不能允许有人总是迟到。put sb/sth in a condition 使处于某状况26. ★ to cause sb/sth to be in a particular state; to make sb react in a particular way 使处于(某状态);使做出(某种反应) have~ sb/sth + adj. I want to have everything ready in good time. 我要求一切都得准时备妥。 have~ sb/sth doing sthHe had his audience listening attentively. 他抓住了听众的注意力。in argument 辩论27. (also have got) have~ sb (informal) (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to put sb at a disadvantage in an argument 辩过;胜过You've got me there. I hadn't thought of that. 你把我问住了。我没想过这个。sex 性28. have~ sb (slang) to have sex with sb 同(某人)性交He had her in his office. 他在他的办公室里和她搞上了。trick 欺骗29. [usually passive] have~ sb (informal) to trick or cheat sb 欺骗;蒙骗I'm afraid you've been had. 恐怕你上当了。guests 客人
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例句:He had a new car and a boat. 他有一辆新车和一条船。
音标:/həv; həv/
词根词缀:有,拥有:来自古英语habban,拥有,占有,来自Proto-Germanic*haben,来自PIE*kap,抓住,词源同capable,heavy.hav =possess 表示“拥有”
折叠2:vnoun •trouble, •knack, •qualm, •repercussion, •recourse, •inkling, misgiving, •foresight misc already, •been, •done, •shown, •begun, •seen, •gotten ● possess, own || must, need || make sure, make certain || receive, obtain || consume, take || think of, come up with || experience, undergo || be affected by, suffer from || organize, carry out || tolerate, put up with || produce, bearnadj growing, nuclear, wide, widening, two-tier, rich noun •have-not, have, gap•, society, information•, disparity•, divide•, division•, difference•, nation• verb must•, divide•, widen, separate•, exist, •possess
百分比:28.92%
释义分布:有:72%;已经:11%;吃:6%;从事:3%;允许:3%;得到:2%;雇用:2%;享有:1%
单词:for
中文解释:prep.为;因为;代表;往;支持;关于;给conj.因为
英音:[音频]
美音:[音频]
牛津高阶:for ★ /fə(r); NAmEfər/ /strong form fɔː(r); fɔːr/ prep., conj. preposition ★ HELP For the special uses of for in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example fall for sb is in the phrasal verb section at fall. * for 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 fall for sb 在词条 fall 的短语动词部分。1. ★ used to show who is intended to have or use sth or where sth is intended to be put (表示对象、用途等)给,对,供There's a letter for you. 有你一封信。It's a book for children. 这是本儿童读物。We got a new table for the dining room. 我们给饭厅添了一张新桌子。This is the place for me (= I like it very much). 这里很适合我。2. ★ in order to help sb/sth 以帮助;为了What can I do for you (= how can I help you)? 有什么事我可以为你效劳?Can you translate this letter for me? 你能为我翻译这封信吗?I took her classes for her while she was sick. 她生病时我为她代课。soldiers fighting for their country 为祖国出征的军人3. ★ concerning sb/sth 关于They are anxious for her safety. 他们为她的安全担心。Fortunately for us, the weather changed. 我们运气好,天气变了。4. ★ as a representative of 代表I am speaking for everyone in this department. 我代表这个部门全体人员讲话。5. ★ employed by 受雇于She's working for IBM. 她在国际商用机器公司工作。6. ★ meaning 意思是Shaking your head for ‘No’ is not universal. 以摇头表示“不”,并非放诸四海而皆准。7. ★ in support of sb/sth 支持;拥护Are you for or against the proposal? 你支持还是反对这个建议?They voted for independence in a referendum. 他们在全民公决投票中赞成独立。There's a strong case for postponing the exam. 有充分理由推迟考试。I'm all for people having fun. 我完全赞成人们尽情享乐。 ➔ compare against (2) 8. ★ used to show purpose or function (表示目的或功能)a machine for slicing bread 切面包片机Let's go for a walk. 咱们去散散步。Are you learning English for pleasure or for your work? 你学英语是出于消遣还是为了工作?What did you do that for (= Why did you do that)? 你为什么干那件事?9. ★ used to show a reason or cause 因为;由于The town is famous for its cathedral. 这个城镇以大教堂著名。She gave me a watch for my birthday. 她送给我一块手表作为生日礼物。He got an award for bravery. 他因英勇受奖。I couldn't speak for laughing. 我笑得说不出话来。10. ★ in order to obtain sth 为得到;为获取He came to me for advice. 他来征求我的意见。For more information, call this number. 欲知详情,请拨打此电话号码。There were over fifty applicants for the job. 有五十多人申请这个工作。11. ★ in exchange for sth 换取Copies are available for two dollars each. 两元一份。I'll swap these two bottles for that one. 我要拿这两瓶换那一瓶。12. ★ considering what can be expected from sb/sth 就 … 而言The weather was warm for the time of year. 在一年的这个时节这天气算是暖和的了。She's tall for her age. 从她这个年龄看她个子算是高的。That's too much responsibility for a child. 对于一个孩子来说,这责任是太重了。13. better, happier, etc. ~ sth better, happier, etc. following sth … 后(更好、更快乐等)You'll feel better for a good night's sleep. 你晚上睡个好觉就会觉得好些。This room would look more cheerful for a spot of paint. 这个房间油漆一下就会显得更加悦目。14. ★ used to show where sb/sth is going (表示去向)往,向Is this the bus for Chicago? 这辆公共汽车是去芝加哥的吗?She knew she was destined for a great future. 她知道她注定要成大器。15. ★ used to show a length of time (表示一段时间)I'm going away for a few days. 我要离开几天。That's all the news there is for now. 目前新闻就这么多。16. ★ used to show that sth is arranged or intended to happen at a particular time (安排或预定)在 … 时an appointment for May 12 * 5 月 12 日的一次约见We're invited for 7.30. 我们受到邀请,7 点 30 分出席。17. ★ used to show the occasion when sth happens (表示场合)I'm warning you for the last time — stop talking! 我最后一次警告你 — 闭嘴!18. ★ used to show a distance (表示距离)The road went on for miles and miles. 这条道路绵延数英里。19. ★ used to say how difficult, necessary, pleasant, etc. sth is that sb might do or has done 对(某人)来说(困难、必需、愉快等)It's useless for us to continue. 我们继续做下去也无用。There's no need for you to go. 你不必走。For her to have survived such an ordeal was remarkable. 她经历了那样的苦难活下来了,真不简单。The box is too heavy for me to lift. 这只箱子太沉,我搬不动。Is it clear enough for you to read? 这个你读起来清不清楚?20. used to show who can or should do sth (表示谁可以或应该做某事)It's not for me to say why he left. 不适宜由我说出他离开的原因。How to spend the money is for you to decide. 怎样花这笔钱由你决定。IDM be ˈin for it (BrE also be ˈfor it) (informal) to be going to get into trouble or be punished 会惹出麻烦;要受惩罚We'd better hurry or we'll be in for it. 我们最好赶快,不然要受罚的。for ˈall1. despite 尽管;虽然For all its clarity of style, the book is not easy reading. 这本书虽然文体清晰,但读起来并不容易。2. used to say that sth is not important or of no interest or value to you/sb (表示对某人不重要、无价值或无所谓)For all I know she's still living in Boston. 说不定她还住在波士顿。You can do what you like, for all I care. 你想干什么就可以干什么,我才不管呢。For all the good it's done we might as well not have bothered. 那件事带来的好处不多,我们本不该操心的。there's/that's … for you (often ironic) used to say that sth is a typical example of its kind … 的典型; … 就是这样She might at least have called to explain. There's gratitude for you. 她本来至少可以来电话解释一下。她就这么表示感谢。 conjunction (old-fashioned or literary) used to introduce the reason for sth mentioned in the previous statement 因为;由于We listened eagerly, for he brought news of our families. 我们急不可待地听着,因为他带来了我们家人的消息。I believed her — for surely she would not lie to me. 我相信她的话,因为她肯定不会向我撒谎。for /fə(r); NAmEfər/
图片:[图片]
例句:There's a letter for you. 有你一封信。
音标:/fə(r); fər/
词根词缀:为了:来自PIE*per,向前,穿过,词源同far,ford.后主要用做介词或副词使用,与fore 在中古英语时期才开始产生词义上的差别。
折叠2:i •year, reason, wait•, need•, while, support, •month, •minute, •hour, search•, responsible•, account•, •second, prepare• ● aimed at, intended for, designed for, meant for || in favor of, in support of, proc •year, reason, wait•, need•, while, support, •month, •minute, •hour, search•, responsible•, account•, •second, prepare•
百分比:29.85%
释义分布:因为:33%;关于:13%;为:13%;往:11%;支持:11%;代表:11%;给:8%
单词:do
中文解释:v.做;干n.注意事项;<非正式>聚会;<古>事情
英音:[音频]
美音:[音频]
牛津高阶:do 1 ★ /də; NAmEdə/ /du; NAmEdu/ /strong form duː; duː/ verb, auxiliary verb, noun ➔ see also do 2do does did doing done verb ★ action 行为1. ★ [T] do~ sth used to refer to actions that you do not mention by name or do not know about 做,干,办(某事)What are you doing this evening? 你今晚打算做什么?We will do what we can to help. 我们会尽力帮助。Are you doing anything tomorrow evening? 你明晚有事吗?The company ought to do something about the poor service. 公司应该对劣等服务采取点措施。What have you done to your hair? 你的头发是怎么搞的?There's nothing to do (= no means of passing the time in an enjoyable way) in this place. 这地方没什么好玩的。There's nothing we can do about it (= we can't change the situation). 这种事情我们毫无办法。What can I do for you (= how can I help)? 我能为您做点什么?behave 表现2. [I] to act or behave in the way mentioned (以某种方式)做,行动,表现 do~ as … Do as you're told! 叫你怎么做你就怎么做!They are free to do as they please. 他们想怎么做就怎么做。 + adv./prep. You would do well to (= I advise you to) consider all the options before buying. 你购买之前最好对各种选择都考虑一下。succeed/progress 顺利进行;进展3. ★ [I] + adv./prep. used to ask or talk about the success or progress of sb/sth (问询或谈论时用)进展,进行How is the business doing? 生意好吗?She did well out of (= made a big profit from) the deal. 她从这笔交易中赚了不少钱。He's doing very well at school (= his work is good). 他在学校里学习很不错。Both mother and baby are doing well (= after the birth of the baby). 母子平安。(informal) How are you doing (= how are you)? 你好吗?task/activity 任务;活动4. ★ [T] do~ sth to work at or perform an activity or a task 从事(工作);进行(活动);执行(任务)I'm doing some research on the subject. 我正就这一课题进行研究。I have a number of things to do today. 我今天有些事情要做。I do aerobics once a week. 我每周做一次健美操。Let's do (= meet for) lunch. 咱们一起吃顿午饭吧。(informal) Sorry. I don't do funny (= I can't be funny). 对不起。我可不是开玩笑。5. [T] do~ sth used with nouns to talk about tasks such as cleaning, washing, arranging, etc. (与名词连用,表示打扫、清洗、整理等)to do (= wash) the dishes 洗碗碟to do (= arrange) the flowers 插花I like the way you've done your hair. 我喜欢你梳的发式。6. [T] to perform the activity or task mentioned~ the ironing, cooking, shopping, etc. 做,从事(熨烫、烹调、购物、演戏、写作等)I like listening to the radio when I'm doing the ironing. 我喜欢边熨衣服边听收音机。~ some, a little, etc. acting, writing, etc. She did a lot of acting when she was at college. 她在大学时演过很多戏。job 职业7. ★ [T] do~ sth (usually used in questions 通常用于疑问句) to work at sth as a job 从事(职业)What do you do (= what is your job)? 你干什么工作?What does she want to do when she leaves school? 她毕业后想干什么?What did she do for a living? 她过去干哪一行为生?What's Tom doing these days? 汤姆最近在干什么?study 学习8. [T] do~ sth to learn or study sth 学习;攻读I'm doing physics, biology and chemistry. 我在学物理、生物和化学。Have you done any (= studied anything by) Keats? 你读过济慈的作品吗?solve 解决9. [T] do~ sth to find the answer to sth; to solve sth 解答;解决I can't do this sum. 我不会做这道算术题。Are you good at doing crosswords? 你擅长填纵横字谜吗?make 制作10. ★ [T] to produce or make sth 做出;制作 do~ sthto do a drawing/painting/sketch 画画;绘画;画素描Does this pub do (= provide) lunches? 这家酒馆供应午餐吗?Who's doing (= organizing and preparing) the food for the wedding reception? 谁在承办婚宴的酒席? do~ sth for sbI'll do a copy for you. 我将为你复印一份。 do~ sb sthI'll do you a copy. 我将复印一份给你。 ➔ synonyms at make perform 演出11. [T] do~ sth to perform or produce a play, an opera, etc. 演出,编排(戏剧、歌剧等)The local dramatic society is doing ‘Hamlet’ next month. 地方戏剧社准备下月演出《哈姆雷特》。copy sb 仿效12. [T] do~ sb/sth to copy sb's behaviour or the way sb speaks, sings, etc., especially in order to make people laugh 仿效,模仿,扮演(尤以令人发笑)He does a great Elvis Presley. 他把埃尔维斯 · 普雷斯利模仿得维妙维肖。Can you do a Welsh accent? 你能模仿威尔士口音吗?finish 完成13. [I, T] to finish sth 完成;做完have/be doneSit there and wait till I've done. 坐在那儿等到我做完。have/be done doing sthI've done talking — let's get started. 我的说话完了,咱们开始吧。get sth doneDid you get your article done in time? 你的论文按时完成了吗?travel 旅行14. [T] do~ sth to travel a particular distance 走过,旅行过(一段路程)How many miles did you do during your tour? 你走了多少英里的旅程?My car does 40 miles to the gallon (= uses one gallon of petrol/gas to travel 40 miles). 我的汽车每耗一加仑汽油可行驶 40 英里。15. [T] do~ sth to complete a journey/trip 走完,完成(旅程)We did the round trip in two hours. 我们两小时打了个来回。speed 速度16. [T] do~ sth to travel at or reach a particular speed 以 … 速度行进;达到 … 速度The car was doing 90 miles an hour. 汽车以每小时 90 英里的速度行驶。visit 参观17. [T] do~ sth (informal) to visit a place as a tourist 参观;游览;在 … 观光We did Tokyo in three days. 我们在东京游览了三天。spend time 度过18. ★ [T] do~ sth to spend a period of time doing sth 度过(一段时间)She did a year at college, but then dropped out. 她在大学读了一年书,但后来就辍学了。He did six years (= in prison) for armed robbery. 他因持械抢劫罪服了六年刑。deal with 处理19. [T] do~ sb/sth to deal with or attend to sb/sth 处理;照料The hairdresser said she could do me (= cut my hair) at three. 理发师说她三点钟可以给我理发。be suitable/enough 适合;足够20. [I, T] to be suitable or be enough for sb/sth 适合;足够‘Can you lend me some money?’ ‘Sure — will $20 do? ’ “你能借给我一点钱吗?” “当然可以,20 元够吗?” do~ for sb/sthThese shoes won't do for the party. 这双鞋聚会时穿不合适。 do~ as sthThe box will do fine as a table. 这个箱子用作桌子还蛮不错。 do~ sb (+ adv./prep.) (especially BrE) This room will do me nicely, thank you (= it has everything I need). 这房间对我很合适,谢谢你。cook 烹调21. [T] do~ sth to cook sth 烹制;煮;烧;煎How would you like your steak done? 你的牛排要几成熟?cheat 欺骗22. [T, usually passive] do~ sb (BrE) (informal) to cheat sb 欺骗This isn't a genuine antique — you've been done. 这不是真正的古董 — 你上当了。punish 惩罚23. [T] do~ sb (for sth) (BrE) (informal) to punish sb 惩罚;处罚They did him for tax evasion. 他们因他逃税而处罚了他。She got done for speeding. 她因超速行驶而受到处罚。steal 偷窃24. [T] do~ sth (informal) to steal from a place (从某地方)盗窃;抢劫(某地方)The gang did a warehouse and a supermarket. 那帮匪徒抢劫了一个仓库和一家超级市场。take drugs 吸毒25. [T] do~ sth (informal) to take an illegal drug 吸(毒)He doesn't smoke, drink or do drugs. 他不抽烟,不喝酒,也不吸毒。have sex 性交26. [T] do~ it (slang) to have sex 性交IDM ★ Most idioms containing do are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example do a bunk is at bunk. 大多数含 do 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 do a bunk 在词条 bunk 下。be/have to do with sb/sth to be about or connected with sb/sth 关于;与 … 有关系(或有联系)‘What do you want to see me about?’ ‘It's to do with that letter you sent me.’ “你想见我有什么事?”
图片:[图片]
例句:What are you doing this evening? 你今晚打算做什么?
音标:/də; də/
词根词缀:做:来自PIE*dhe,做,制造,放置,词源同fact,theme.
折叠2:vnoun •homework, harm, me, •laundry, •talking, •disservice, •bidding, •housework, •push-up misc you, what, •not, •know, •think, want, why•, mean, •believe, •care, •mind ● perform, accomplish, act || see to, fix, prepare || solve, work out, resolve
百分比:30.76%
释义分布:
单词:on
中文解释:prep.在 ... 之上;由 ... 支撑着;在(某一天);关于;基于adv.穿着;向前(移动);表示持续性adj.表示已连接、处于工作状态或使用中;发生;值班
英音:[音频]
美音:[音频]
牛津高阶:on ★ /ɒn; NAmEɑːn; ɔːn/ prep., adv. preposition ★ HELP For the special uses of on in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example turn on sb is in the phrasal verb section at turn. * on 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 turn on sb 在词条 turn 的短语动词部分。1. ★ in or into a position covering, touching or forming part of a surface (覆盖、附着)在 … 上(意指接触物体表面或构成物体表面的一部分)a picture on a wall 墙上的画There's a mark on your skirt. 你裙子上有一块斑。the diagram on page 5 第 5 页上的图解Put it down on the table. 把它放在桌子上。He had been hit on the head. 他被打中了脑袋。She climbed on to the bed. 她爬上了床。 HELP This could also be written 此句亦可写作onto the bed 2. ★ supported by sb/sth 由 … 支撑着She was standing on one foot. 她单脚站立着。Try lying on your back. 试着仰卧。Hang your coat on that hook. 把衣服挂在衣钩上。3. ★ used to show a means of transport 在(运输工具)上He was on the plane from New York. 他在纽约来的飞机上。to travel on the bus/tube/coach 乘公共汽车╱地铁╱长途汽车I came on my bike. 我骑自行车来的。a woman on horseback 骑马的女郎4. ★ used to show a day or date 在(某一天)He came on Sunday. 他是星期天来的。We meet on Tuesdays. 我们每星期二见面。on May the first/the first of May 在五月一日on the evening of May the first 在五月一日的晚上on one occasion 曾经有一次on your birthday 在你生日那天5. ★ immediately after sth 就在 … 之后;一 … 就On arriving home I discovered they had gone. 我一到家就发现他们已经离开了。Please report to reception on arrival. 到达后请立即到接待处报到。There was a letter waiting for him on his return. 他一回来就有一封信在等着他看。6. ★ about sth/sb 关于(事或人)a book on South Africa 一本关于南非的书She tested us on irregular verbs. 她考了我们的不规则动词。7. being carried by sb; in the possession of sb (身上)带着;有Have you got any money on you? 你带钱了没有?8. ★ used to show that sb belongs to a group or an organization 为(某团体或组织)的一员to be on the committee/staff/jury/panel 为委员会╱全体职员╱陪审团╱评判小组的成员Whose side are you on (= which of two or more different views do you support)? 你支持哪一方的观点?9. ★ eating or drinking sth; using a drug or a medicine regularly 吃;喝;按时服用(药物)He lived on a diet of junk food. 他把垃圾食品当饭吃。The doctor put me on antibiotics. 医生要我服用抗生素。10. ★ used to show direction (表示方向)在,向,对on the left/right 在左边╱右边He turned his back on us. 他转过身去背对着我们。11. ★ at or near a place 在,接近(某地)a town on the coast 沿海的城镇a house on the Thames 泰晤士河畔的房子We lived on an estate. 我们住在一处庄园上。12. ★ used to show the basis or reason for sth 根据;由于a story based on fact 基于事实的小说On their advice I applied for the job. 我听从他们的建议申请了这份工作。13. ★ paid for by sth 以 … 支付;由 … 支付to live on a pension/a student grant 靠养老金╱助学金生活to be on a low wage 挣低工资You can't feed a family on £50 a week. 你无法靠每周 50 英镑养活一家人。Drinks are on me (= I am paying). 饮料钱由我付。14. ★ by means of sth; using sth 通过;使用;借助于She played a tune on her guitar. 她用她的吉他弹了一支曲子。The information is available on the Internet. 相关信息可从互联网上找到。We spoke on the phone. 我们通过电话谈了谈。What's on TV? 电视上有什么节目?The programme's on Channel 4. 这个节目在 4 频道。15. ★ used with some nouns or adjectives to say who or what is affected by sth (与某些名词或形容词连用,表示影响到)a ban on smoking 对吸烟的禁令He's hard on his kids. 他对自己的孩子很严厉。Go easy on the mayo! (= do not take/give me too much) 少放一点蛋黄酱!16. compared with sb/sth 与 … 相比Sales are up on last year. 销售量比去年增长了。17. ★ used to describe an activity or a state (用于说明活动或状态)to be on business/holiday/vacation 在工作╱度假中The book is currently on loan. 该书已借出。18. ★ used when giving a telephone number (用于提供电话号码)You can get me on 020 7946 0887. 你找我可以拨打 020 7946 0887。She's on extension 2401. 她的分机号是 2401。 adverb ★ HELP For the special uses of on in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example get on is in the phrasal verb section at get. * on 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 get on 在词条 get 的短语动词部分。1. ★ used to show that sth continues (表示持续性)He worked on without a break. 他毫不停歇地继续工作。If you like a good story, read on. 欲知故事的趣味所在,请往下读。2. ★ used to show that sb/sth moves or is sent forward 向前(移动)She stopped for a moment, then walked on. 她停了一会儿,然后又向前走。Keep straight on for the beach. 一直向前走到海滩。From then on he never trusted her again. 从那时起,他再也不信任她了。Please send the letter on to my new address. 请把信件转寄到我的新地址。3. ★ on sb's body; being worn 穿在身上;穿着;戴着Put your coat on. 把外衣穿上。I didn't have my glasses on. 我没戴眼镜。What did she have on (= what was she wearing)? 她穿着什么衣服?4. ★ covering, touching or forming part of sth (表示覆盖、接触某物或成为某物的一部分)Make sure the lid is on. 要注意盖上盖子。5. ★ connected or operating; being used (表示已连接、处于工作状态或使用中)The lights were all on. 灯都亮着。The TV is always on in their house. 他们家的电视总是开着。We were without electricity for three hours but it's on again now. 我们停电三个小时了,不过现在又来电了。6. ★ happening (表示发生)There was a war on at the time. 当时正值战争。What's on at the movies? 电影院在上演什么片子?The band are on (= performing) in ten minutes. 乐队再过十分钟开始演奏。7. ★ planned to take place in the future (预先安排的事)将发生The game is still on (= it has not been cancelled). 比赛仍将举行。I don't think we've got anything on this weekend. 我想这个周末我们没安排活动。I'm sorry we can't come — we've got a lot on. 很抱歉我们去不了,我们安排得太满了。8. ★ on duty; working 值班;执行任务中I'm on now till 8 tomorrow morning. 我正在值班,要值到明早 8 点钟。9. ★ in or into a vehicle 登上(车辆)The bus stopped and four people got on. 公共汽车停下来,四个人上了车。They hurried on to the plane. 他们匆忙登上了飞机。 ➔ see also onto IDM be ˈon about sth (informal) to talk about sth; to mean sth 谈论(某事);有 … 的意思I didn't know what he was on about. It didn't make sense. 我不知道他说的是什么,他说得不清不楚的。be/go/keep ˈon about sth (informal, disapproving) to talk in a boring or complaining way about sth 抱怨;唠叨;发牢骚Stop keeping on about it! 别再唠叨那件事了!be/go/keep ˈon at sb (to do sth) (informal, disapproving) to keep asking or telling sb sth so that they become annoyed or tired (对某人)絮叨;说(或问)得令人生厌He was on at me again to lend him money. 他又来缠着我借钱给他。be ˈon for sth (informal) to want to do sth 想要做某事Is anyone on for a drink after work? 有人想下班后喝一杯吗?it isn't ˈon (informal) used to say that sth is not acceptable 不行;没门儿ˌon and ˈon without stopping; continuously 连续不停地;持续地She went on and on about her trip. 她没完没了地谈她的旅行。what are you, etc. ˈon? (informal) used when you are very surprised at sb's behaviour and are suggesting that they are acting in a similar way to sb using drugs 你鬼迷心窍了吧;你吃错药了吧you're ˈon (informal) used when you are accepting a bet (用于接受打赌时)赌就赌吧 ➔ more at off adv. on /ɒn; NAmEɑːn; ɔːn/on[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition ABOVE 在…之上 E * used to show that something is in a position above something else and touching it, or that something is moving into such a position 在…上面;到…上面1. Look at all the books on your desk! 看看你书桌上这么多书!2. Ow, you're standing on my foot! 哎哟,你踩着我的脚了!3. Your suitcase is on top of the wardrobe. 你的手提箱在衣柜顶。4. They live in that old farmhouse on the hill. 他们住在山上的那间旧农舍里。5. I got on my bike and left. 我骑上脚踏车离开了。[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition CONNECTED 有联系的 E * covering the surface of, being held by, or connected to 在…上;连上的1. You've got blood on your shirt. 你的衬衫上沾了血。2. Which finger do you wear your ring on? 你把戒指戴在哪只手指上?3. Can you stand on your head? 你会倒立吗?4. We could hang this picture on the wall next to the door. 我们可以把这幅画挂在门旁的墙上。5. Dogs should be kept on their leads at all times. 狗应该一直用皮带拴着。6. UK We've just moved house and we're not on the phone (= not connected to the telephone service) yet. 我们刚搬了家,还没有接通电话。[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition TIME 时间 E * used to show when something happens (发生)在…时候1. Many shops don't open on Sundays. 许多商店星期天不开门。2. What are you doing on Friday? 星期五你要做甚么?3. My birthday's on the 30th of May. 我的生日是5月30日。4. Would you mind telling me what you were doing on the afternoon of Friday the 13th of March? 能否告诉我3月13日星期五下午你在做甚么?5. Trains to London leave on the hour (= at exactly one o'clock, two o'clock, etc.) every hour. 开往伦敦的火车每小时整点开出。6. On a clear day you can see the mountains from here. 在晴天,从这儿可以看到那些山峦。7. She was dead on arrival (= dead when she arrived) at the hospital. 她刚到医院就死了。8. Please hand in your keys at reception on your departure from (= when you leave) the hotel. 离开饭店时,请把锁匙交到服务台。[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition WRITING 写 E * used to show where something has been written, printed or drawn (写、印或画)在…上1. Which page is that curry recipe on? 那道咖喱菜的做法在第几页?2. His initials were engraved on the back of his watch. 他姓名的首字母刻在了他手表的后盖上。3. What's on the menu (= What food is available) tonight? 今晚菜单上有甚么菜?[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition TRAVEL 旅行 E * used for showing some methods of travelling 乘,上(车等)1. I love travelling on trains. 我喜欢乘火车旅行。2. She'll be arriving on the five-thirty train. 她将乘坐5点30分的火车到达。3. We went to France on the ferry. 我们乘渡轮去法国。4. It'd be quicker to get there on foot. 步行到那里更快些。5. two figures on horseback 马背上的两个身影[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition PROCESS 过程 E * used to show that a condition or process is being experienced 处于…状况(或过程)中1. He accidentally set his bed on fire. 他无意中烧着了自己的床。2. Their flights to Paris are on special offer at the moment. 他们飞往巴黎的航班目前正有折扣优惠。3. Martin's on holiday this week. 马丁这星期在渡假。4. I'll be away on a training course next week. 下星期我要外出参加一个训练班。5. I often feel carsick when I'm on a long journey. 长途旅行时我经常感到晕车浪。6. Crime is on the increase (= is increasing) again. 犯罪活动又开始抬头了。[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition RECORDING 录制/表演 E * used to show the form in which something is recorded or performed (记录、录制或演出)以…方式,透过,使用1. How much data can you store on a floppy disk? 一张软磁碟能储存多少数据?2. When's the movie coming out on video? 这部电影的录影带甚么时候推出?3. I was really embarrassed the first time I saw myself on film. 第一次看到自己上电影时,我觉得很尴尬。4. What's on television tonight? 今晚电视有甚么节目?5. I wish there was more jazz on the radio. 我希望收音机里多播放一些爵士乐。[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition PAIN 痛苦 E * used to show what causes pain or injury as a result of being touched 在…上(受伤或碰伤)1. I hit my head on the shelf as I was standing up. 我站起来的时候,头撞到架子。2. You'll cut yourself on that knife if you're not careful. 你要是不小心,会被那把刀刮伤的。[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition TO 向 I * to or towards 在;向,朝,对1. Our house is the first on the left after the post office. 我们家是邮局过后靠左第一家。2. The attack on the village lasted all night. 对该村庄的进攻持续了一整夜。3. I wish you wouldn't creep up on me like that! 我希望你不要那样蹑手蹑脚地靠近我![UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition RELATING 相关的 I * relating to 关于,有关;涉及1. a book on pregnancy 关于妊娠的书2. Her thesis is on Italian women's literature. 她的论文是关于义大利女性文学的。3. The minister has refused to comment on the allegations. 部长拒绝对指控作出评论。4. Criticism has no effect on him. 批评对他不起作用。5. Have the police got anything on you (= have they got any information about you which can be used against you) ? 警方有没有抓住你甚么把柄?[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition MONEY 钱 I * used to show something for which a payment is made 付钱买…;在…上(花费)1. He spent eighty pounds on a hat. 买一顶帽子,他花了80英镑。2. I've wasted a lot of money on this car. 我在这辆汽车上浪费了许多金钱。3. We made a big profit on that deal. 我们在那笔生意上获利甚丰。4. How much interest are you paying on the loan? 这笔贷款你要支付多少利息?[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition NECESSARY 必要的 I * used to show a person or thing that is necessary for something to happen or that is the origin of something (表示需要或缘由)靠,指望,凭1. We're relying on you. 我们要靠你了。2. I might come - it depends on Andrew. 我可能会来——这取决于安德鲁。3. Most children remain dependent on their parents while at university. 大多数孩子上大学期间仍然依赖他们的父母。4. His latest movie is based on a fairy story. 他的新电影是根据一个童话故事改编的。[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition INVOLVEMENT 参与 I * used to show when someone is involved or taking part in something (表示牵涉或参与其中)在从事…1. I'm working on a new book. 我正在写一本新书。2. In the last lesson we were on the causes of the First World War, weren't we? 上一堂课我们讲了第一次世界大战的起因,对吗?3. "Where had we got up to?" "We were on page 42." “我们讲到哪里了?”“我们讲到第42页了。”[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition FINANCIAL SUPPORT 经济支持 I * used to show what is providing financial support or an income 以…为生,以…为收入1. I've only got £50 a week to live on at the moment. 目前我每周只靠50英镑的收入过活。2. He retired on a generous pension from the company. 他退休后靠公司提供的丰厚退休金生活。3. UK She's on (= earning) £15 000 a year. 她的全年收入为1.5万英镑。[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition FOOD/FUEL/DRUG 食物/燃料/毒品 A * used to show something which is used as food, fuel or a drug (指食物、燃料、药物等)用,吃,喝1. What do mice live on? 老鼠吃甚么为生?2. Does this radio run on batteries? 这台收音机是用电池的吗?3. Is he on drugs? 他吸毒吗?[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition NEXT TO 挨着 A * next to or along the side of 靠近,挨着;沿着;在…旁1. Cambridge is on the River Cam. 剑桥位于剑河之畔。2. Our house was on Sturton Street. 我们的房子在斯特顿大街上。3. Strasbourg is on the border of France and Germany. 斯特拉斯堡位处德法边界。[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition MEMBER 成员 A * used to show when someone is a member of a group or organization 是…的成员;属于…组织1. Have you ever served on a jury? 你参加过陪审团吗?2. There are no women on the committee. 该委员会没有女性。3. How many people are on your staff? 你有多少职员?4. She's a researcher on a women's magazine. 她在一家女性杂志做调查员。[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition TOOL 工具 A * used when referring to a tool, instrument or system that is used to do something (指工具、设备或系统)用,凭借1. I do all my household accounts on computer. 我用电脑来处理全部的家庭账目。2. Chris is on drums and Mike's on bass guitar. 克里斯打鼓,麦克弹低音电吉他。3. I'm on the phone. 我正在打电话。[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition AGAIN 又 literary * used to show when something is repeated one or more times (用于表示一再重复)又,再1. The government suffered defeat on defeat in the local elections. 本届政府在地方选举中一再受挫。2. Wave on wave of refugees has crossed the border to escape the fighting. 一批又一批的难民为躲避战争而越过边境。[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/ preposition COMPARISON 比较 * used when making a comparison (用于比较)与…相比1. £950 is my final offer, and I can't improve on it. 950英镑是我出的最高价,我不可能再提价了。2. The productivity figures are down/up on last week's. 与上周相比,生产率下降/上升了。[UK]/ɒn/ [US]/ɑ:n/
图片:[图片]
例句:a picture on a wall 墙上的画
音标:/ɒn; ɑːn; ɔːn/
词根词缀:在上面:来自古英语an,来自Proto-Germanic*ana,来自PIE*an,在上面,词源同前缀ana-,analogy,anode.
折叠2:i base•, •side, focus•, •street, •floor, •ground, depend•, •basis, effect•, rely•, impact•, •list, attack•, •page ● sitting on, on top of, resting on, lying on || at, next to, by the side of, byr go•, what•, come•, take•, move•, put•, hold•, hang•, keep•, later•, carry•, •board, early• ● happening, taking place, going on, scheduled || without stopping, continuously, without a break, never-endingly
百分比:31.54%
释义分布:关于:38%;表示持续性:13%;穿着:13%;由 ... 支撑着:6%;值班:6%;表示已连接、处于工作状态或使用中:6%;基于:6%;在 ... 之上:6%;发生:6%
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