优质 COCA 2万词分频记忆(2020版·最新版)英音美音图片
英语 英语词汇 coca
其他 / 英语
COCA-2W(2k之后)(优化显示).apkg
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Anki军械所 发布时间:2021-06-24 15:03:47

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本记忆库为两千词之后的部分,前2千单词免费下载:

https://file.ankichinas.cn/card/617a79f1eac0b4Em


所用单词表(2020新版单词表详细统计数据只提供前5000词)下载地址:

https://pan.baidu.com/s/1v6MhndlUc7a8C2ZTaXiclg
提取码:nies


已更新2020新词表。

最新的单词表就是2020版,官网没有提供什么2022版!

COCA官网(可能需要翻墙):https://www.english-corpora.org/

下图为打开后的网页,网站有多个语料库的信息,coca是其中一个,收录单词为10亿个,时间为1990-2019,类别为均衡(上方收词更多的语料库的来源均为互联网单词)。最新的单词表就是2020版,官网没有提供什么2022版!


何谓COCA? COCA=Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) ,是英语国家使用频率最高的词汇集合。 COCA是把1990-2019年(网上流传最广的旧版本为1990-2012)美国最有代表性的报纸,杂志,小说,学术,口语(电视剧或者节目转录)汇集起来,每部分各占1/5,生成10亿单词量语料库(2012版为4.5亿单词)。

COCA发布的单词表有两版:2012版和2020版(再一次,没有2021及2022版!),本记忆库以2020版的2W词为基础(去除因词性不同而统计重复的单词后剩余17847个),以6W词为补充(6W词为一个补充包,2W背到1W词可★免费★联系掌柜获取补充包:截图订单记录和学习记录,并标注新词表或旧词表,发邮件至hyilin@qq.com,掌柜收到后即发送6W词补充包的提取码)。


重大改进:

把COCA的单词表作为参考资料来查询单词的使用频率、跟其他单词的搭配时,无疑是很优秀的。但是,如果把COCA作为一个单词表来背,则有一个重大缺陷:COCA中单词是按照不同词性分开统计的,如下图,to有副词和介词,排名为第7和第9,一般处理,是直接去除重复,处理完后,to排第7;而如果把to的两个词性的频率加起来(每个词条末行的数值就是单词频率),重新排名,则to的真实排名是第5。

 

如果一个单词词性多,那么它在实际使用中的排名,会和COCA统计的排名相差甚远。

用COCA单词表背单词,讲究的就是边际效率,如果单词表顺序不实,则边际效率无从谈起。因此,本记忆库对COCA单词的频率做了重新统计,合并不同词性时单词频率相加,重新进行了排序。根据统计,重新排序后,有861单词排序上升超过1000,其中nay和corporal的排名上升超过5000。

本记忆库以新的排序为基准学习新卡片,能确保边际效率最大化。

 

因为图片和发音文件多,记忆库体积达到了445.7MB,可能有人觉得背单词就占去手机半个G,心疼空间,其实大家打开微信-设置-通用-微信存储空间看看,比较下来,学习占的这半个G其实并不多。另外由于小文件多,导入会比其他记忆库稍久,实测iphone8导入完成需要6分钟,红米K30pro(CPU骁龙865)需要90分钟(可能安卓需要把所有发音和图片解压后再另外存入手机存储的anki媒体文件夹,苹果不需要这个步骤),导入前请预留充足时间。


记忆库内容:



单词按照频率分布,适合不同英语水平的人群。


卡片内容:

正面:单词;

背面:音标、中文释义、朗文词典的英音及美音真人发音、配图、例句、词根词缀、权威词典解释、COCA统计常见搭配、COCA统计累积词频。


重要提醒:

卡片中虽然加入了比较多内容,但是背的时候不要试图把整张卡片上的内容都背下来,而是只需要背中文解释就可以了,其余的图片、例句、词根词缀甚至是词典解释,都是用于辅助记忆,加深对中文解释的印象。

ANKI记忆的核心在于测试(看卡片正面回忆)-反馈(看卡片背面确认记忆正误)-多次重复。一个单词每次只花6秒复习,重复10次,记忆效果要远远好于看1分钟然后只重复1次。为了减少使用者在学习中不自觉地在同一张卡片上流连过久,本店制作此记忆库尽量以简洁为目的(并非本店所收集的资料少,而是制作极为克制,尽量精选、只呈现最能提高记忆效率的内容,并把篇幅最长的词典释义和搭配都隐藏了起来,而不是所有内容都往上堆),只有控制一张卡片上要背的内容在较少范围,通过减少单张卡片的记忆时间,增大重复次数,才能达到最好的效果。


特色功能1:单词左下角(红框处)有已学所有单词累积词频的数据,有效激励学习热情:

 

特色功能2 :单词释义下方(红框处)有释义分布,便于迅速了解该单词在实际使用中的主要意思,便于高效掌握该单词的常见用法,提高效率

 

 

特色功能3:权威字典解释,随时查看单词用法:

 

特色功能4:coca20200的文档中提供了该单词在实际语料中的常见前后搭配,跟不同词性的单词如何组合(注:此部分搭配使用的是2012版的数据,新版本词表没有提供搭配数据):

 :

本记忆库保留了该部分内容,并对显示效果做了美化,使得更清晰易懂:

 

推荐使用方法:

因为是按使用频率排序,COCA前面的单词,或多或少对于大部分人来说都是很简单的,甚至有很大一部分,这辈子都不需要再复习,那如何减少在前面容易单词上花费的时间呢?如下为三个可行的方法:

1、最直接的可以从某一级开始,比如预估自己词汇量有4000,就可以从3001-4000这个级别开始刷起;

2、如果不想放过前面的简单单词,想亲自筛选一遍,手机上可以设置个手势操作,左划屏幕暂停或删除卡片,以后就不再复习这个单词,从而能快速进入新单词的学习;

3、如果简单单词也想保持复习,可以在学习前期,把记忆算法中新卡的简单间隔设为99(anki所支持的新卡最大值),设置后,在学习容易单词时,点“简单”按钮,则这个单词的下次复习时间为99天之后(3.3个月),再下次如果仍然点简单,复习间隔会超过10个月,这样子容易单词的间隔也会迅速拉大。在刷完新卡片后,可以把简单间隔改回默认的4天,恢复正常的学习节奏(前面已经学习的简单卡片的长间隔不会受影响)。

在有了一定的词汇量基础,比如背完1万词后,除了按顺序背,日常中也可以把自己工作中容易遇到的单词移动到列表前面优先背,方法为:比如想把pangolin移动到前面,可以在“笔记”浏览界面,搜索:“单词:pangolin”(注意冒号要在英文输入状态下输入),搜到单词后,选中,右上角三个点,更改位置,输入“1”,这个单词就被移动到新单词列表的最前面了:


在此再次说明:背完前1W词可★免费★联系掌柜获取补充包:截图订单记录和学习记录,并标注新词表或旧词表,发邮件至hyilin@qq.com,掌柜收到后即发送6W词补充包的提取码。

 

特别说明:

学习了前500单词,现实生活中能认识72%的单词;

学习了前1000单词,现实生活中能认识80%的单词;

学习了前2000单词,现实生活中能认识87%的单词;

学习了前3000单词,现实生活中能认识90%的单词;

学习了前4000单词,现实生活中能认识93%的单词;

学习了前5000单词,现实生活中能认识94%的单词;

学习了前10000单词,现实生活中能认识97%的单词;

学完17847单词,现实生活中能认识99%的单词。

 

为什么学了那么多仍然不能达到99.99%?因为英语实际使用中存在大量专有名词,比如Trump这个单词,在其竞选前后出现率相差极大,COCA中除了媒体来源外的语料中出现很少,而这两年看报纸则是想绕都绕不开。掌握这17634词后,学习一个新领域的英文,只要多剩下的1%的专有名词,基本就不存在生词障碍了

 

其实,不用完全把表背完,本人词汇量25000,觉得掌握一万出头就很够用了,专八也是一万上下。背单词的边际效益是递减的(当然使用词频表来背就可以使边际效益最大化),够用后,有空多背点,没空就只是复习就好了,不用觉得单词多背不完。借胡适一句话说,“怕什么学问无穷,进一寸自然有一寸的欢喜”,共勉。



 

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卡牌预览
共 15847 张卡牌
以下是不经过排版的卡牌内容,非实际展示效果,仅用于了解记忆库中的内容
单词:inform
中文解释:v.通知;告诉;使熟悉;告发;赋特征于
英音:[音频]
美音:[音频]
牛津高阶:in·form ★ /ɪnˈfɔːm; NAmEɪnˈfɔːrm/ verb 1. ★ to tell sb about sth, especially in an official way 知会;通知;通告 inform~ sb (of/about sth) Please inform us of any changes of address. 地址若有变动请通知我们。 inform~ sb that … I have been reliably informed (= somebody I trust has told me) that the couple will marry next year. 我得到可靠消息说他们俩明年结婚。 inform~ sb + speech‘He's already left,’ she informed us. “他已经走了。”她告诉我们说。 inform~ sb when, where, etc. … I have not been informed when the ceremony will take place. 没人通知我典礼何时举行。2. inform~ yourself (of/about sth) to find out information about sth 了解;熟悉We need time to inform ourselves thoroughly of the problem. 我们需要时间对这个问题有个透彻的了解。3. inform~ sth (formal) to have an influence on sth 对 … 有影响Religion informs every aspect of their lives. 宗教影响着他们生活的各个方面。 PHR V inˈform on sb to give information to the police or sb in authority about the illegal activities of sb 告发;检举He informed on his own brother. 他告发了他的亲弟弟。inform informs informed informing in·form /ɪnˈfɔːm; NAmEɪnˈfɔːrm/
图片:[图片]
例句:Please inform us of any changes of address. 地址若有变动请通知我们。
音标:/ɪnˈfɔːm; ɪnˈfɔːrm/
词根词缀:通知:in-,进入,使,form,形成。其原义使成形,训练,后引申词义教导,教育,说明,通知。引申演变比较instruct.form =to form,shape 表示“形成;形状,形式"
折叠2:vnoun public, student, parent, •decision, patient, •reader, policy, participant, research, teacher, consumer, Congress, •risk, agency, theory misc •about, keep•, fully•, fail•, regret•, properly•, adequately• ● notify, let know, update, apprise || denounce, blow the whistle on, betray, tattle
百分比:87.44%
释义分布:通知:74%;告诉:21%;告发:4%;使熟悉:1%
单词:perception
中文解释:n.观念;洞察力;认识能力
英音:[音频]
美音:[音频]
牛津高阶:per·cep·tion AW /pəˈsepʃn; NAmEpərˈsepʃn/ noun 1. [U] (technical 术语 or formal) the way you notice things, especially with the senses 知觉;感知our perception of reality 我们对现实的认识visual perception 视觉 ➔ see also extrasensory perception 2. [U] (formal) the ability to understand the true nature of sth 洞察力;悟性 SYN insight She showed great perception in her assessment of the family situation. 她对家庭状况的分析显示出敏锐的洞察力。3. [U, C] (formal) an idea, a belief or an image you have as a result of how you see or understand sth 看法;见解a campaign to change public perception of the police 改变警察公众形象的运动 perception~ that … There is a general public perception that standards in schools are falling. 公众普遍认为,学校的水平都在下降。perception perceptions per·cep·tion /pəˈsepʃn; NAmEpərˈsepʃn/
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例句:our perception of reality 我们对现实的认识
音标:/pəˈsepʃn; pərˈsepʃn/
词根词缀:感觉,知觉:来自perceive,感觉,感知。
折叠2:nadj negative, different, general, visual, physical, common, personal, popular, widespread, environmental noun risk, people, child, difference•, •reality, study•, other, public, depth•, value verb change, influence, base, affect•, assess•, examine•, create•, alter•, shape, reinforce• ● view, opinion, reading, take || insight, awareness, acuity, discernment
百分比:87.45%
释义分布:观念:49%;洞察力:45%;认识能力:6%
单词:visitor
中文解释:n.参观者;访问者;访客
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牛津高阶:vis·it·or ★ /ˈvɪzɪtə(r); NAmEˈvɪzɪtər/ noun visitor~ (to … ) a person who visits a person or place 来访者;访问者;参观者;游客We've got visitors coming this weekend. 本周末我们有客人来访。Do you get many visitors? 来探望你的人多吗?She's a frequent visitor to the US. 她经常去美国。The theme park attracts 2.5 million visitors a year. 这个主题乐园每年吸引 250 万游客。How can we attract more visitors to our website? 我们如何才能吸引更多人访问我们的网站呢? ➔ see also health visitor visitor visitors vis·it·or /ˈvɪzɪtə(r); NAmEˈvɪzɪtər/
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例句:We've got visitors coming this weekend. 本周末我们有客人来访。
音标:/ˈvɪzɪtə(r); ˈvɪzɪtər/
词根词缀:
折叠2:nadj foreign, frequent, first-time, regular, annual, casual, unique, unexpected, European, distinguished noun •center, park, •bureau, year, convention•, museum, number•, tour verb draw•, allow•, attract•, greet•, receive•, offer, welcome•, •enter, •arrive, invite ● caller, guest, tourist, sightseer
百分比:87.45%
释义分布:访问者:44%;访客:30%;参观者:26%
单词:judgment
中文解释:n.裁判;判断;判断力;意见;判决书
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牛津高阶:judge·ment ★ (also judg·ment especially in NAmE) /ˈdʒʌdʒmənt; NAmEˈdʒʌdʒmənt/ noun 1. ★ [U] the ability to make sensible decisions after carefully considering the best thing to do 判断力;识别力good/poor/sound judgement 判断力强╱弱;正确的判断力She showed a lack of judgement when she gave Mark the job. 她把这工作交给马克表明她缺乏判断力。It's not something I can give you rules for; you'll have to use your judgement. 不是我把规则告诉你就行了,你得运用自己的判断力。He achieved his aim more by luck than judgement. 他达到目的主要是靠运气而不是靠判断力。The accident was caused by an error of judgement on the part of the pilot. 此次事故是飞行员判断失误所致。2. ★ [C, U] judgement~ (of/about/on sth) an opinion that you form about sth after thinking about it carefully; the act of making this opinion known to others 看法;意见;评价He refused to make a judgement about the situation. 他拒绝对形势作出评价。Who am I to pass judgement on her behaviour? (= to criticize it) 我有什么资格对她的行为说三道四呢?I'd like to reserve judgement until I see the report. 我还是想看到报告后再发表意见。It was, in her judgement, the wrong thing to do. 在她看来,那样做是错误的。I did it against my better judgement (= although I thought it was perhaps the wrong thing to do). 我这样做是违心的。3. (usually judgment) [C, U] the decision of a court or a judge 判决;裁决a judgment from the European Court of Justice 欧洲法院的判决The judgment will be given tomorrow. 此案将于明日宣判。The court has yet to pass judgment (= say what its decision is) in this case. 此案还有待法庭判决。4. [C, usually sing.] judgement~ (on sth) (formal) something bad that happens to sb that is thought to be a punishment from God 报应;天谴;(上帝对人的)审判IDM see sit judgement judgements judge·ment /ˈdʒʌdʒmənt; NAmEˈdʒʌdʒmənt/
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例句:good/poor/sound judgement 判断力强╱弱;正确的判断力
音标:/ˈdʒʌdʒmənt; ˈdʒʌdʒmənt/
词根词缀:
折叠2:nadj moral, good, bad, better, poor, final, best, professional noun value, summary•, day, court, error•, •call, rush•, matter, motion verb make•, base, pass•, trust•, exercise•, sit•, concur•, form•, apply, depend ● ruling, decision, finding || shrewdness, good sense, discernment || opinion, view, considered opinion
百分比:87.45%
释义分布:
单词:anger
中文解释:n.愤怒;怒火vt.激怒vi.发火
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牛津高阶:anger ★ /ˈæŋɡə(r); NAmEˈæŋɡər/ noun, verbanger angers angered angering noun ★ [U] the strong feeling that you have when sth has happened that you think is bad and unfair 怒;怒火;怒气Jan slammed her fist on the desk in anger. 简气愤地捶打桌子。the growing anger and frustration of young unemployed people 年轻失业者日益增长的愤怒和沮丧 anger~ at sb/sthHe was filled with anger at the way he had been treated. 他因遭受如此待遇而怒火满腔。 verb [often passive] anger~ sb to make sb angry 使发怒;激怒The question clearly angered him. 这个问题显然激怒了他。anger /ˈæŋɡə(r); NAmEˈæŋɡər/
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例句:Jan slammed her fist on the desk in anger. 简气愤地捶打桌子。
音标:/ˈæŋɡə(r); ˈæŋɡər/
词根词缀:生气:来自ang-,拉紧,疼痛。后指忧虑,生气。
折叠2:nadj public, righteous, sudden, growing, intense, popular, pent-up noun frustration, lot•, fear, voice, feeling, •resentment, face, pain, •management, expression verb feel, express•, direct, rise, vent•, control•, deal•, cause, flare, experience ● annoyance, irritation, fury, rage, antagonism, resentmentvnoun frustration, fear•, depression, •management, sadness, pain, grief, anxiety, resentment, emotion•, feeling•, guilt, confusion, disappointment, shock• misc fear, express, anger, quick, hurt, easily, slow, hurt, envy, sadden, towards, bargain, fellow, frustrate, surprised ● annoy, irritate, infuriate, incense, enrage, madden
百分比:87.46%
释义分布:愤怒:75%;怒火:15%;激怒:7%;发火:3%
单词:glance
中文解释:v.扫视;匆匆一看;一瞥;反光;闪烁;掠过n.一瞥;扫视
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牛津高阶:glance /ɡlɑːns; NAmEɡlæns/ verb, nounglance glances glanced glancing verb 1. [I] + adv./prep. to look quickly at sth/sb 瞥一眼;匆匆一看;扫视She glanced at her watch. 她匆匆看了看表。He glanced around the room. 他环视了一下房间。I glanced up quickly to see who had come in. 我迅速抬头瞥了一眼看是谁进来了。2. [I] glance~ at/down/over/through sth to read sth quickly and not thoroughly 浏览;粗略地看 SYN scan I only had time to glance at the newspapers. 我只来得及浏览了一下报纸。He glanced briefly down the list of names. 他草草看了一遍名单。She glanced through the report. 她浏览了一下报告。 PHR V ˈglance on/off sth (of light 光) to flash on a surface or be reflected off it 在 … 上闪烁(或闪耀);从 … 中反射ˌglance ˈoff (sth) to hit sth at an angle and move off it in a different direction 击中(某物)后改变方向The ball glanced off the post into the net. 球击中门柱后反弹入网。 noun glance~ (at sb/sth) a quick look 匆匆一看;一瞥;扫视to take/have a glance at the newspaper headlines 匆匆看一眼报纸的大标题a cursory/brief/casual/furtive glance 草草的╱短暂的╱不经意的╱偷偷的一瞥The sisters exchanged glances (= looked at each other). 姐妹俩相互对视了一下。She shot him a sideways glance. 她从眼角瞥了他一眼。He walked away without a backward glance. 他头也不回地扬长而去。She stole a glance (= looked secretly) at her watch. 她偷偷看了看表。 ➔ synonyms at look IDM at a (single) ˈglance immediately; with only a quick look 立刻;一眼;(只)看一眼He could tell at a glance what was wrong. 他一眼就看出了问题所在。at first ˈglance when you first look at or think about sth, often rather quickly 乍一看;乍看之下At first glance the problem seemed easy. 乍一看问题似乎很简单。glance /ɡlɑːns; NAmEɡlæns/
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例句:She glanced at her watch. 她匆匆看了看表。
音标:/ɡlɑːns; ɡlæns/
词根词缀:匆匆一瞥:来自拉丁语glacies,冰,词源同cold,插入鼻音字母n.即冰上滑过的光线,引申词义瞥过。
折叠2:vnoun •watch, •shoulder, •window, room, •clock, door, eye, •mirror, •direction, •side misc •at, she•, •over, •around, •back, •down, him, then, •toward, away, quickly, •across, behind up •at, down, smile, •toward, •briefly, nurse, barely•, occasionally ● look, peep, peek, glimpse || glint, shine, glimmer, gleamnadj quick, backward, sidelong, sideways, furtive, single, cursory, nervous, brief, sharp noun •shoulder, •direction, exchange•, •back, warning•, surprise, viewer, •recognition, •pity verb give•, cast•, shoot•, steal•, appear, throw•, sneak•, catch•, spare•, risk• ● peep, look, peek, glimpse, squint, scan
百分比:87.46%
释义分布:一瞥:44%;扫视:22%;掠过:12%;闪烁:10%;匆匆一看:6%;反光:6%
单词:route
中文解释:n.路线;(固定)线路;途径vt.为 ... 安排路线;(按路线)发送
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牛津高阶:route ★ AW /ruːt; NAmEruːt; raʊt/ noun, verbroute routes routed routeing noun ★ 1. ★ a way that you follow to get from one place to another 路线;路途Which is the best route to take? 哪一条是最佳路线?Motorists are advised to find an alternative route. 建议驾驶者换一条路线。a coastal route 沿海的路线 route~ (from A to B) the quickest route from Florence to Rome 从佛罗伦萨到罗马的最快捷的路线an escape route 逃脱的路径 ➔ see also en route 2. ★ a fixed way along which a bus, train, etc. regularly travels or goods are regularly sent (公共汽车和列车等的)常规路线,固定线路The house is not on a bus route. 这房子不在公交线上。shipping routes 航运线路a cycle route (= a path that is only for cyclists) 自行车道3. ★ route~ (to sth) a particular way of achieving sth 途径;渠道the route to success 成功之路4. ★ used before the number of a main road in the US (用于美国干线公路号码前)Route 66 * 66 号公路 verb (rout·ing or route·ing, rout·ed, rout·ed) route~ sb/sth (+ adv./prep.) to send sb/sth by a particular route 按某路线发送Satellites route data all over the globe. 卫星向全球各地传递信息。route /ruːt; NAmEruːt; raʊt/route[UK]/ru:t/ [US]/ru:t/ [UK]/raʊt/ noun [C] E * a particular way or direction between places 路线;路途;航线1. The route we had planned took us right across Greece. 我们计划走的路线正好穿过希腊。2. I live on a bus route so I can easily get to work. 我的住处有一条公共汽车路线,所以上班很方便。* a method of achieving something 途径;管道;方法1. A college education is often the best route to a good job. 大学教育常常是获得一份好工作的最佳途径。US (UK round) * a set of regular visits that you make to a number of places or people, especially in order to take products as part of your job (尤指作为送货工作的)例行拜访,固定路线递送[UK]/ru:t/ [US]/ru:t/ [UK]/raʊt/ verb [T usually + adv/prep] * to send 发送;运送;寄发1. Deliveries are routed via/by way of London. 货物经由伦敦运送。
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例句:Which is the best route to take? 哪一条是最佳路线?
音标:/ruːt; ruːt; raʊt/
词根词缀:路线,线路,途径:来自古法语rute,路,小径,来自拉丁语rupta via,开拓的路,来自rupta,分开的,词源同rip,rob,via,路,词源同way,trivia.引申词义路线,线路,途径等。
折叠2:nadj different, direct, short, main, best, easy, circuitous, scenic noun escape•, trade•, road, bus•, mile, map, paper•, parade•, migration•, supply• verb take, follow, choose, travel, drive, plan, retrace•, head, link, •connect ● road, path, way, itinerary || course, means, method, way
百分比:87.47%
释义分布:路线:76%;途径:23%;为 ... 安排路线:1%
单词:regime
中文解释:n.政体;政权;制度n.养生法(=regimen)
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牛津高阶:re·gime AW /reɪˈʒiːm; NAmEreɪˈʒiːm/ noun 1. a method or system of government, especially one that has not been elected in a fair way (尤指未通过公正选举的)统治方式,统治制度,政权,政体a fascist/totalitarian/military, etc. regime 法西斯、极权主义、军事等政权an oppressive/brutal regime 压迫民众的╱残暴的政权 ➔ collocations at politics 2. a method or system of organizing or managing sth 组织方法;管理体制Our tax regime is one of the most favourable in Europe. 我们的税收管理体制是欧洲最受欢迎的税收体制之一。3. = regimen a dietary regime 饮食规则regime regimes re·gime /reɪˈʒiːm; NAmEreɪˈʒiːm/
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例句:a fascist/totalitarian/military, etc. regime 法西斯、极权主义、军事等政权
音标:/reɪˈʒiːm; reɪˈʒiːm/
词根词缀:政治制度,政体:来自法语regime,来自拉丁语regimen,统治,政府,政体,制度,来自regere,统治,管理,词源同regulate.-men,名词后缀。
折叠2:nadj military, new, communist, authoritarian, political, international, democratic, old, totalitarian, current noun •change, control, support, trade•, opposition, legitimacy, sanction•, apartheid•, inspection• verb overthrow•, topple•, impose, oppose•, force, threaten, •collapse, undermine, survive, challenge ● government, command, rule, administration || routine, system, regimen, treatment
百分比:87.47%
释义分布:政权:72%;制度:19%;政体:9%
单词:merely
中文解释:adv.仅仅;只不过
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牛津高阶:mere·ly ★ /ˈmɪəli; NAmEˈmɪrli/ adv. used meaning ‘only’ or ‘simply’ to emphasize a fact or sth that you are saying 仅仅;只不过It is not merely a job, but a way of life. 这不仅仅是一份工作,而且是一种生活方式。He said nothing, merely smiled and watched her. 他什么也没说,只是微笑着看着她。They agreed to go merely because they were getting paid for it. 他们同意去只是因为他们会得到酬劳。I'm merely stating what everybody knows anyway. 我说的不过是些老生常谈。mere·ly /ˈmɪəli; NAmEˈmɪrli/
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例句:It is not merely a job, but a way of life. 这不仅仅是一份工作,而且是一种生活方式。
音标:/ˈmɪəli; ˈmɪrli/
词根词缀:纯粹地,仅仅:来自mere,纯粹的,仅仅,只不过。
折叠2:r not•, rather•, than•, instead•, •matter, •reflect, beyond•, •nod, content•, •shrug, •means, object, •curious, •decorative ● just, only, simply, purely
百分比:87.48%
释义分布:仅仅:62%;只不过:38%
单词:producer
中文解释:n.生产者;制造者;制片人
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牛津高阶:pro·du·cer ★ /prəˈdjuːsə(r); NAmEprəˈduːsər/ noun 1. ★ a person, a company or a country that grows or makes food, goods or materials 生产商;制造商;产地French wine producers 法国葡萄酒酿造商Libya is a major oil producer. 利比亚是主要石油生产国之一。 ➔ compare consumer 2. ★ a person who is in charge of the practical and financial aspects of making a film/movie or a play (电影的)制片人,监制人;舞台监督Hollywood screenwriters, actors and producers 好莱坞的剧作家、演员和制片人 ➔ compare director (3) 3. a person or company that arranges for sb to make a programme for radio or television, or a record, CD, etc. (广播、电视、唱片等的)制作人,制作公司,监制an independent television producer 独立电视节目制作人producer producers pro·du·cer /prəˈdjuːsə(r); NAmEprəˈduːsər/
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例句:French wine producers 法国葡萄酒酿造商
音标:/prəˈdjuːsə(r); prəˈduːsər/
词根词缀:
折叠2:nadj large, independent, senior, leading, associate, foreign, commercial, primary, Japanese, organic noun executive•, director, show, film, oil•, television•, writer, TV•, record• verb compete, benefit, enable•, team, credit, co-write, nominate, subsidize, import, collaborate ● creator, manufacturer, maker, fabricator
百分比:87.48%
释义分布:制片人:55%;生产者:37%;制造者:8%
单词:whoa
中文解释:int.惊叹声;吁(用于命令马止步)
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牛津高阶:whoa /wəʊ; NAmEwoʊ/ exclamation used as a command to a horse, etc. to make it stop or stand still (吆喝马等停下或不动的口令)吁whoa /wəʊ; NAmEwoʊ/
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例句:
音标:/wəʊ; woʊ/
词根词缀:(赶马等)吁:拟声词。
折叠2:u whoa, wait, hey, thank, Oh, yeah, minute, OK, •ho, •slow, wow, like•, •back, shout
百分比:87.49%
释义分布:惊叹声:100%
单词:analyst
中文解释:n.分析家
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牛津高阶:ana·lyst AW /ˈænəlɪst; NAmEˈænəlɪst/ noun 1. a person whose job involves examining facts or materials in order to give an opinion on them 分析者;化验员a political/food analyst 政治分析家;食物化验员City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 伦敦金融分析家预测今年的利润非常丰厚。 ➔ see also systems analyst 2. = psychoanalyst analyst analysts ana·lyst /ˈænəlɪst; NAmEˈænəlɪst/
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例句:a political/food analyst 政治分析家;食物化验员
音标:/ˈænəlɪst; ˈænəlɪst/
词根词缀:
折叠2:nadj political, senior, military, financial, legal, retail, western, foreign, Chinese, top noun industry•, news•, policy•, security, research, stock, company, intelligence• verb •believe, •predict, •estimate, •agree, •project, •forecast, •doubt, •cite, •blame, •attribute ● forecaster, predictor, political analyst, market analyst || psychoanalyst, psychiatrist, psychotherapist
百分比:87.49%
释义分布:分析家:100%
单词:typical
中文解释:adj.特有的;典型的;有代表性的
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牛津高阶:typ·ical ★ /ˈtɪpɪkl; NAmEˈtɪpɪkl/ adj. 1. ★ having the usual qualities or features of a particular type of person, thing or group 典型的;有代表性的 SYN representative a typical Italian cafe 典型的意大利式小餐馆This is a typical example of Roman pottery. 这是一件典型的罗马陶器。 typical~ of sb/sthThis meal is typical of local cookery. 这是有当地风味的饭菜。 typical~ for sb/sthThe weather at the moment is not typical for July. 现在的天气并不是七月份常有的。 OPP atypical 2. ★ happening in the usual way; showing what sth is usually like 一贯的;平常的 SYN normal A typical working day for me begins at 7.30. 我的工作日一般在 7:30 开始。 OPP untypical 3. ★ typical~ (of sb/sth) (often disapproving) behaving in the way that you expect 不出所料;特有的It was typical of her to forget. 她这个人就是爱忘事。He spoke with typical enthusiasm. 他以其特有的热情讲话。(informal) She's late again — typical! 她又迟到了,一贯如此!typ·ical /ˈtɪpɪkl; NAmEˈtɪpɪkl/
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例句:a typical Italian cafe 典型的意大利式小餐馆
音标:/ˈtɪpɪkl; ˈtɪpɪkl/
词根词缀:典型的:来自type,类型,典型,-ical,形容词后缀。typ(o) =type,to type 表示“模式,形状;打字”
折叠2:jnoun day, student, family, school, case, example, home, pattern, response, fashion, behavior misc •American, fairly•, describe•, pretty•, •male, •suburban, normal ● characteristic, archetypal, distinctive, representative || usual, normal, standard, mainstream
百分比:87.50%
释义分布:典型的:91%;特有的:5%;有代表性的:4%
单词:opening
中文解释:n.开口;开始;张开;开幕;空缺adj.开头的动词open的现在分词.
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牛津高阶:open·ing ★ /ˈəʊpnɪŋ; NAmEˈoʊpnɪŋ/ noun, adj.opening openings noun ★ 1. ★ [C] a space or hole that sb/sth can pass through 孔;洞;缺口We could see the stars through an opening in the roof. 我们从屋顶的小洞能看见星星。2. ★ [C, usually sing.] the beginning or first part of sth 开始;开端The movie has an exciting opening. 电影的开头非常刺激。 OPP ending 3. ★ [C, usually sing.] a ceremony to celebrate the start of a public event or the first time a new building, road, etc. is used 开幕式;落成典礼the opening of the Olympic Games 奥林匹克运动会开幕式the official opening of the new hospital 新建医院的落成典礼4. ★ [C, U] the act or process of making sth open or of becoming open 开;开放;展开the opening of a flower 花朵的绽放the opening of the new play 新话剧的开演Late opening of supermarkets is common in Britain now. 现在超市营业至很晚在英国司空见惯。 OPP closing 5. [C] a job that is available 空缺的职位 SYN vacancy There are several openings in the sales department. 销售部有几个空缺。6. [C] a good opportunity for sb 良机Winning the competition was the opening she needed for her career. 在这次比赛中获胜是她未来事业发展的良好开端。7. [C] part of a piece of clothing that is made to open and close so that it can be put on easily 开襟;开口The skirt has a side opening. 这裙子是侧面开口的。 adjective [only before noun] first; beginning 开始的;开篇的;开头的his opening remarks 他的开场白the opening chapter of the book 该书的第一章 OPP closing open·ing /ˈəʊpnɪŋ; NAmEˈoʊpnɪŋ/
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例句:We could see the stars through an opening in the roof. 我们从屋顶的小洞能看见星星。
音标:/ˈəʊpnɪŋ; ˈoʊpnɪŋ/
词根词缀:
折叠2:nadj grand, narrow, official, tiny, rough, arched, vaginal noun •statement, •ceremony, day, door, •night, •line, •scene, •weekend, job•, •act verb create, attend•, celebrate•, fill, mark•, announce•, delay, deliver•, block, widen ● gap, breach, aperture || start, beginning, introduction || opportunity, chance, lucky break
百分比:87.50%
释义分布:开幕:50%;开始:20%;开口:16%;空缺:9%;张开:3%;开头的:1%;动词open的现在分词.:1%
单词:milk
中文解释:n.奶;牛奶;乳汁v.挤乳;产乳;榨取
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牛津高阶:milk ★ /mɪlk; NAmEmɪlk/ noun, verbmilk milks milked milking noun ★ [U] 1. ★ the white liquid produced by cows, goats and some other animals as food for their young and used as a drink by humans (牛或羊等的)奶a pint/litre of milk 一品脱╱一升奶a bottle/carton of milk 一瓶╱一纸盒奶fresh/dried/powdered milk 鲜奶;奶粉Do you take milk in your tea? 你茶里加奶吗?milk products (= butter, cheese, etc.) 乳制品 ➔ see also buttermilk, condensed milk, evaporated milk, malted milk, skimmed milk 2. ★ the white liquid that is produced by women and female mammals for feeding their babies (人或哺乳动物的)奶,乳汁breast milk 母乳3. the white juice of some plants and trees, especially the coconut (椰子等植物的)白色汁液,乳液 ➔ see also soya milk IDM the milk of human ˈkindness (literary) kind behaviour, considered to be natural to humans 人的善良天性;恻隐之心 ➔ more at cry v., land n. verb 1. milk~ sth to take milk from a cow, goat, etc. 挤奶2. (disapproving) to obtain as much money, advantage, etc. for yourself as you can from a particular situation, especially in a dishonest way 趁机牟利;捞一把;捞好处 milk~ A (from B) She's milked a small fortune from the company over the years. 许多年来她揩公司的油,积攒了一笔小财。 milk~ B (of A) She's milked the company of a small fortune. 她揩公司的油,发了一笔小财。I know he's had a hard time lately, but he's certainly milking it for all it's worth (= using it as an excuse to do things that people would normally object to). 我知道他最近的日子不好过,但他却以此为藉口为所欲为。IDM see dry adj. milk /mɪlk; NAmEmɪlk/
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例句:a pint/litre of milk 一品脱╱一升奶
音标:/mɪlk; mɪlk/
词根词缀:牛奶,挤奶:来自PIE*melg,挤奶,奶,词源同emulsion.可能来自PIE*mel,磨,磨软,软的,词源同mild,mill.由磨引申词义抚摸,刮,挤奶,奶。
折叠2:nadj soy, whole, powdered, evaporated, hot, condensed noun cup, egg, cow, breast•, glass•, chocolate, sugar, coconut•, cream, carton verb drink•, add, stir, pour, produce, buy•, combine, contain, consume, flowvnoun cow, cup, dairy, goat, cash, •venom, •moment, •teaspoon, milk, animal, farmer•, horse•, •machine, farm•, chicken• misc every, while, feed, dry, ride, pour, Parmesan, nor, kick, grate, low-fat, twice, dry, regularly ● exploit, make the most of, drain, bleed, take advantage of, tap
百分比:87.50%
释义分布:奶:57%;牛奶:40%;榨取:1%;乳汁:1%;产乳:1%