优质 ⭐新东方《四级词汇词根+联想记忆法(乱序版)》
英语 英语四级 四级词汇
大学 / 英语
2022四级词汇乱序版.apkg
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只是只猫 发布时间:2021-07-11 12:55:33

《四级词汇词根+联想记忆法(乱序版)》

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带词源、词根词缀方便记忆

以及小字典释义分布、单词类别、辨析

还有带详细用法,例句的牛津高阶10

默认是美音发音且99%采用牛津发音

背单词绝对好记好用😎

完美对应书本

共计35个unit,高频(1~10),中频(11~20),低频(21~28),零频(29~35)+超纲词汇+僻义词汇

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以下是不经过排版的卡牌内容,非实际展示效果,仅用于了解记忆库中的内容
正面:according
US:[əˈkɔdɪŋ]
UK:[əˈkɔ:dɪŋ]
释义:n.调和;和谐;和解;自顾v.使一致;与…符合;给予(礼遇等);予以网络按照;依照;一致的
分布:according[ə'kɔ:dɪŋ]原型:according 是 accord 的现在分词CET4TEM4考研c31254153341225640i4789119196813814233062803326357PREP5142935710根据(69%),按照(31%)adj.相符的;一致的;相应的;和谐的;调和的adv.依照;根据;按照v.给予( accord的现在分词 );使和谐一致;使符合;使适合
中文释义:accord noun /əˈkɔːd/ /əˈkɔːrd/Idioms a formal agreement between two organizations, countries, etc.协议;条约The two sides signed a peace accord last July.在刚过去的七月,双方签订了和平条约。Extra ExamplesA peace accord was reached on 26 March.They signed a trade accord with the Americans.a trade accord between Europe and the United Statesan accord on environmental protectionThe US-Canada free trade accord has come under political scrutiny.The countries drew up accords on economic and technical cooperation.Topics Discussion and agreementc2, War and conflictc2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivepeacetradeinternational…verb + accordnegotiatereachsign…prepositionaccord betweenaccord onaccord with…See full entryWord OriginOld English, from Old French acorder ‘reconcile, be of one mind’, from Latin ad- ‘to’ + cor, cord- ‘heart’; influenced by concord. Idioms in accord (with something/somebody) (formal) in agreement with与…一致(或相符合)This action would not be in accord with our policy.这一行动不会符合我们的方针。Botanists are not in complete accord about how many species exist.Topics Opinion and argumentc2 Wordfinderaccordallybilateralcross-borderdiplomatembassyinternationalrapprochementrelationshiptreaty of your own accord without being asked, forced or helped自愿地;主动地He came back of his own accord.他主动回来了。The symptoms will clear up of their own accord.症状将会自行消失。 with one accord (British English, formal) if people do something with one accord, they do it at the same time, because they agree with each other全体一致;一致地Topics Opinion and argumentc2 accord verb /əˈkɔːd/ /əˈkɔːrd/ [transitive] (formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they accord /əˈkɔːd/ /əˈkɔːrd/ he / she / it accords /əˈkɔːdz/ /əˈkɔːrdz/ past simple accorded /əˈkɔːdɪd/ /əˈkɔːrdɪd/ past participle accorded /əˈkɔːdɪd/ /əˈkɔːrdɪd/ -ing form according /əˈkɔːdɪŋ/ /əˈkɔːrdɪŋ/ Phrasal Verbs to give somebody/something authority, status or a particular type of treatment给予,赠予,授予(权力、地位、某种待遇) accord something to somebody/something Our society accords great importance to the family.我们的社会赋予家庭十分重要的地位。There were complaints about the special treatment accorded to some minority groups. accord somebody/something sth Our society accords the family great importance.我们的社会赋予家庭十分重要的地位。Oxford Collocations DictionaryadverbfullyprepositionwithSee full entryWord OriginOld English, from Old French acorder ‘reconcile, be of one mind’, from Latin ad- ‘to’ + cor, cord- ‘heart’; influenced by concord.Phrasal Verbsaccord with
断词:
词源: accordingaccording:相符的,一致的词根词缀: ac-来,临近 + -cord-心(脏) + -ing → 心在一起 → 相符,一致
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:1
中文释义2:
正面:author
US:[ˈɔθɚ]
UK:[ˈɔ:θə]
释义:n.作者;作家;著者;发起人v.编写;写作;著作网络创始人;创造者;作者名
分布:author[ˈɔ:θə(r)]authored, authoring, authorsCET4CET6TEM4考研v13358100414629231204394n685644038162409521669944421033NOUN10071546550VERB1040350601Spoken:33049420authors[1467]作者(74%),作家(21%),创作(2%),编写(2%),上帝(1%)n.作者;作家;创始人vt.创作出版
中文释义:author noun OPAL WOPAL S /ˈɔːθə(r)/ /ˈɔːθər/   a person who writes books or the person who wrote a particular book著者;作者;作家Who is your favourite author?你最喜欢哪位作家?He is the author of three books on art.他写了三本艺术专著。best-selling author Paul Theroux畅销书作家保罗 · 泰鲁the lead author of the reportthe author of a novel/study/articleWho's the author?作者是谁?According to report author Matt Blaze, the technique requires no special skill.Really quick author's note: This is the last chapter of the story. The film is based on a novel written by a female author.The report's authors point to a recent study of American college students.WordfinderauthorbookclassiccriticdramafictiongenreliteraturepoetrywriteCollocations LiteratureLiterature文学Being a writer当作家write/​publish literature/​poetry/​fiction/​a book/​a story/​a poem/​a novel/​a review/​an autobiography写/发表文学作品/诗集/小说/书/故事/诗歌/长篇小说/评论/自传become a writer/​novelist/​playwright成为作家/小说家/剧作家find/​have a publisher/​an agent找到/有出版商/代理人have a new book out出版一部新书edit/​revise/​proofread a book/​text/​manuscript编辑/修订/校对书/文章/原稿dedicate a book/​poem to…把一本书/一首诗献给…Plot, character and atmosphere情节、人物和氛围construct/​create/​weave/​weave something into a complex narrative构思/创作/编写/把某事编成一部复杂的叙事小说advance/​drive the plot推进故事情节的发展introduce/​present the protagonist/​a character介绍主人公/一个人物describe/​depict/​portray a character (as…)/(somebody as) a hero/​villain描述人物/英雄/坏蛋;把一个人物描绘成…;把某人描绘成英雄/坏蛋create an exciting/​a tense atmosphere营造一种令人兴奋/紧张的气氛build/​heighten the suspense/​tension制造/增加悬念/紧张气氛evoke/​capture the pathos of the situation唤起对这种状况的同情convey emotion/​an idea/​an impression/​a sense of…传达…情感/思想;给人…印象/感觉engage the reader吸引读者seize/​capture/​grip the (reader’s) imagination抓住(读者的)想象力arouse/​elicit emotion/​sympathy (in the reader)唤起(读者的)情感/同情lack imagination/​emotion/​structure/​rhythm缺乏想象力/情感/精心组织/节奏感Language, style and imagery语言、风格和形象语言use/​employ language/​imagery/​humour/(US English) humor/​an image/​a symbol/​a metaphor/​a device使用语言/形象语言/幽默/意象/象征/暗喻/手段use/​adopt/​develop a style/​technique使用/采用/形成一种风格/技巧be rich in/​be full of symbolism富含象征意义evoke images of…/a sense of…/a feeling of…唤起…的形象/感觉create/​achieve an effect创造/取得效果maintain/​lighten the tone维持/缓和基调introduce/​develop an idea/​a theme引入/发展一种思想/一个主题inspire a novel/​a poet/​somebody’s work/​somebody’s imagination促成小说的创作;给诗人以灵感;促成某人作品的诞生;激发某人的想象力Reading and criticism阅读与评论read an author/​somebody’s work/​fiction/​poetry/​a text/​a poem/​a novel/​a chapter/​a passage读一个作家的作品/某人的著作/小说/诗集/一篇文章/一首诗/一部小说/一个章节/一段文章review a book/​a novel/​somebody’s work评论一本书/一部小说/某人的作品give something/​get/​have/​receive a good/​bad review给予/得到好评/恶评be hailed (as)/be recognized as a masterpiece被誉为一部杰作quote a(n) phrase/​line/​stanza/​passage/​author引用一个短语/一行诗/一节诗/一段文章/作者的话provoke/​spark discussion/​criticism引发讨论/评论study/​interpret/​understand a text/​passage研读/解读/理解一篇文章/一段文章translate somebody’s work/​a text/​a passage/​a novel/​a poem翻译某人的作品/一篇文章/一段文章/一部小说/一首诗Extra ExamplesHer ambition was to become a published author.Primarily a children's author, she has also written books for adults.Scott is the author of ‘Waverley’.Stephen King is an author I've never read.The study's authors conclude that there is insufficient evidence to justify the policy.the anonymous author of this pamphletTopics Literature and writinga2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivebest-sellingprolificfamous…verb + authorreadcitequote…author + verbwrite (something)argue somethingconclude something…See full entry the person who creates or starts something, especially a plan or an idea(尤指计划或思想的)创造者,发起人As the author of the proposal I cannot agree with you.我作为提案的发起人,不能同意你的意见。He is the author of a plan to bring peace to the region. Word OriginMiddle English (in the sense ‘a person who invents or causes something’): from Old French autor, from Latin auctor, from augere ‘increase, originate, promote’. The spelling with th arose in the 15th cent., and perhaps became established under the influence of authentic.author verb /ˈɔːθə(r)/ /ˈɔːθər/ (formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they author /ˈɔːθə(r)/ /ˈɔːθər/ he / she / it authors /ˈɔːθəz/ /ˈɔːθərz/ past simple authored /ˈɔːθəd/ /ˈɔːθərd/ past participle authored /ˈɔːθəd/ /ˈɔːθərd/ -ing form authoring /ˈɔːθərɪŋ/ /ˈɔːθərɪŋ/ author something to be the author of a book, report, etc.著作;写作;编写Topics Literature and writingb2Word OriginMiddle English (in the sense ‘a person who invents or causes something’): from Old French autor, from Latin auctor, from augere ‘increase, originate, promote’. The spelling with th arose in the 15th cent., and perhaps became established under the influence of authentic.
断词:au‧thor
词源: author  1 author:作家,创造者拉丁语动词augeo, augere, auxi, auctus(增加,扩大)还有"创造"的意思;其过去分词词干-auct-派生的拉丁语名词auctor, -oris, m(创造者,作家)经由古法语autor进入英语;"创造者","作家"首创的力量发展为"权威","批准","授权","官方"等意义。-th-的拼写是-t-的变体,它最终影响了发音。 词根词缀: auth(-auct-)增加→创造 + -or名词词尾,行为  2 author:作者来自法语autor, 父亲。词源同auct, 创造,增加。字母c脱落,又受希腊语影响添加字母h.  3 author:作家作家是从事文学创作的,而author这个词正是“具有创造能力的”含义。它来自拉丁语的auctor,意思是“使得东西生长的人”。我们有时把某个作品比作“新苗”、“蓓蕾”,而作家们不正是培育新苗、花朵的人吗?
辨析: author, writer 这组词都有“作者,作家”的意思,其区别是: author: 泛指用自己名字或笔名发表过作品的人,不强调是否以写作为主职业。 writer: 含义广泛,一般指以写作为职业的人。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:2
中文释义2:
正面:accord
US:[əˈkɔrd]
UK:[əˈkɔ:d]
释义:n.协议;协定;一致;和谐v.一致;给予;相符;协调网络雅阁;本田雅阁;符合
分布:accord[əˈkɔ:d]accorded, according, accordsCET4CET6TEM4考研GREIELTSn6154379851231156112361178v788025432351353933831397NOUN942361174VERB1166440640PREP237968507Spoken:90559629accorded[231] according[57057] accords[320]符合(39%),协议(32%),一致(22%),给予(5%),调解(1%),与...一致(1%)n.符合;一致;协议;自愿vt.使一致;给予vi.符合;一致
中文释义:accord noun /əˈkɔːd/ /əˈkɔːrd/Idioms a formal agreement between two organizations, countries, etc.协议;条约The two sides signed a peace accord last July.在刚过去的七月,双方签订了和平条约。Extra ExamplesA peace accord was reached on 26 March.They signed a trade accord with the Americans.a trade accord between Europe and the United Statesan accord on environmental protectionThe US-Canada free trade accord has come under political scrutiny.The countries drew up accords on economic and technical cooperation.Topics Discussion and agreementc2, War and conflictc2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivepeacetradeinternational…verb + accordnegotiatereachsign…prepositionaccord betweenaccord onaccord with…See full entryWord OriginOld English, from Old French acorder ‘reconcile, be of one mind’, from Latin ad- ‘to’ + cor, cord- ‘heart’; influenced by concord. Idioms in accord (with something/somebody) (formal) in agreement with与…一致(或相符合)This action would not be in accord with our policy.这一行动不会符合我们的方针。Botanists are not in complete accord about how many species exist.Topics Opinion and argumentc2 Wordfinderaccordallybilateralcross-borderdiplomatembassyinternationalrapprochementrelationshiptreaty of your own accord without being asked, forced or helped自愿地;主动地He came back of his own accord.他主动回来了。The symptoms will clear up of their own accord.症状将会自行消失。 with one accord (British English, formal) if people do something with one accord, they do it at the same time, because they agree with each other全体一致;一致地Topics Opinion and argumentc2 accord verb /əˈkɔːd/ /əˈkɔːrd/ [transitive] (formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they accord /əˈkɔːd/ /əˈkɔːrd/ he / she / it accords /əˈkɔːdz/ /əˈkɔːrdz/ past simple accorded /əˈkɔːdɪd/ /əˈkɔːrdɪd/ past participle accorded /əˈkɔːdɪd/ /əˈkɔːrdɪd/ -ing form according /əˈkɔːdɪŋ/ /əˈkɔːrdɪŋ/ Phrasal Verbs to give somebody/something authority, status or a particular type of treatment给予,赠予,授予(权力、地位、某种待遇) accord something to somebody/something Our society accords great importance to the family.我们的社会赋予家庭十分重要的地位。There were complaints about the special treatment accorded to some minority groups. accord somebody/something sth Our society accords the family great importance.我们的社会赋予家庭十分重要的地位。Oxford Collocations DictionaryadverbfullyprepositionwithSee full entryWord OriginOld English, from Old French acorder ‘reconcile, be of one mind’, from Latin ad- ‘to’ + cor, cord- ‘heart’; influenced by concord.Phrasal Verbsaccord with
断词:ac‧cord
词源: accord  1 accord:符合发音释义: [ə'kɔrd] n. 符合;一致;协议;自愿vt. 使一致;给予vi. 符合;一致 结构分析:accord = ac(=ad,去)+ cord(心)→到心里去→符合。 词源解释:cord ←拉丁语cordis(心) 背景知识:和中国一样,古代西方人也认为人的思维和心理活动发生在心脏,因此本来表示“心脏”的词根cord也可表示“心理、思维”。 同源词:according(根据),accordance(一致),accordion(手风琴),cordial(衷心的),discord(不和),record(记录)  2 accord:条约前缀ac-同ad-. 词根cord, 心,同heart. 指一条心的。  3 accord:一致,符合;协议,协定词根词缀: ac-来,临近 + -cord-心(脏) → 心在一起,心心相印 → 符合,一致
辨析: conform, correspond, accord, coincide, agree 这组词都有“符合、一致”的意思,其区别是: conform: 强调在形状、性格以及主要特点等方面的相似或一致。 correspond: 指在进行比较时,两个事物在某一个重要方面或细节上互相匹配、一致。 accord: 着重指性格、精神、语气或质量等方面的完全一致。 coincide: 多用于指观点、判断、愿望、利益或兴趣的一致或相符。偶尔用于人,强调意见或观点完全相同。 agree: 侧重指经过比较后的所有主要部分均和谐一致,无冲突和矛盾。 confer, present, endow, grant, give, award, accord, bestow 这组词都有“给予,赠给”的意思,其区别是: confer: 通常指授予称号或学位等。 present: 指正式地给予或授予,通常伴有仪式进行。 endow: 指捐赠大量的钱作基金,也可指给予非物质的东西。 grant: 多指出于慷慨、怜悯或正义感而给予,并且通常是在被请求下给予。 give: 最普通用词,泛指将自己的东西给予他人,所给予的东西,物质或非物质的均可。 award: 通常暗示所给予的东西是接受者应得的,而且给予者往往是具有裁判权力的。 accord: 侧重所给予的是应得的或是恰当的,或是因某种原因而适于接受的。 bestow: 正式用词,指把某物作为礼物赠送于某人,也可作引申用。 agreement, contract, treaty, convention, bargain, understanding, accord 这些名词均含“协定,协议,契约,合同”之意。 agreement: 普通用词,含义最确定,泛指个人、团体或国家之间取得一致而达成的任何协议、协定或合同、契约等,可以是口头的,也可以是书面的。 contract: 侧重指双方或多方订立的具有法律效力的正式的书面合同或契约。 treaty: 指国家之间经外交谈判后依照国际法签订的正式条约。 convention: 比treaty更专门化,但不及treaty正式。也可指国家之间就有关事情签订的条约。 bargain: 通常指商业交往中的购销合同。 understanding: 指不具约束力的非正式的协议。 accord: 多指国际间的非正式协议。 unity, concord, agreement, harmony, accord 这组词都有“和谐、一致”的意思,其区别是: unity: 指各个成员、各群体之间相互协调一致的关系。 concord: 多指人际、国家间或民族之间协调一致的关系。 agreement: 侧重态度与观点上的一致。 harmony: 指人与人之间或不同部分与整体之间完全协调、和谐、愉快,没有摩擦。 accord: 指思想一致,彼此不矛盾,也指行动上的一致。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:3
中文释义2:
正面:likely
US:[ˈlaɪklɪ]
UK:[ˈlaɪkli]
释义:adj.可能的;预料的;有希望的;似乎合适的adv.有可能网络很可能的;有可能的;大概
分布:likely[ˈlaɪkli]级别:likelier, likeliestCET4CET6TEM4考研r27831293814371157339431683782j6246850383924195165831243326900ADJ7362098111ADV1719820509Spoken:145331320很可能(77%),可能的(22%),可信的(1%)adj.很可能的;合适的;有希望的adv.很可能;或许
中文释义:likely adjective OPAL WOPAL S /ˈlaɪkli/ /ˈlaɪkli/(comparative likelier, superlative likeliest)Idioms   having a good chance of happening or being something; probable or expected可能的;预料的;有希望的the most likely explanation/outcome/scenariothe likely cause/consequence a likely nominee/contender/winnerA threat level of ‘Severe’ means a terrorist attack is highly likely.They might ask for help or, more likely, just give up. likely to do something Tickets are likely to be expensive.入场券可能很贵。The beetles are likely to cause damage.There is likely to be heavy snowfall. likely (that)… It's hardly likely (that) they'll refuse.It is quite likely the discussion may never take place.Express Yourself Expressing likelihoodExpressing likelihood表达可能性When you are talking about possible situations, you can express how likely you think they are:表达可能性有多大可用以下方式:It's pretty much inevitable that prices will go up this year.I think it's likely to rain this afternoon.I’m probably going to be away then.I guess there's a fifty per cent chance that they'll say no.It's unlikely, but not totally impossible, I suppose.They can't possibly/​really be serious about buying a boat!Let's start without them. They're bound to be late.Language Bank expectexpectDiscussing predictions谈论预测By 2050, one in six people on the planet will be aged 65 or over.The number of people globally aged 65 and over is expected/likely to more than double by 2050.Experts have predicted/forecast that the over-65s will make up 17 per cent of the global population by 2050.World population is set to reach 9.8 billion by 2050.Net migration into Britain over the last decade was higher than expected.Overall population growth in Britain has been in line with predictions.Extra ExamplesWhat is the most likely cause of the infection?It's very likely they already have their own website.Workplaces that scored highest for employee satisfaction were 38% more likely to have above-average productivity.Severe storms are most likely to occur in October and November.Older people are more likely to die of the disease.Women are more likely to suffer from the condition than men.You are less likely to have problems if you plan ahead.It is likely to remain cold all weekend.This is one of the strangest art galleries you're ever likely to see.This is likely to cause problems further down the line.Economists warn that this willingness to lend is not likely to continue.The most likely explanation for these changes is a decline in insect numbers.I think there's a more likely explanation.We need to talk honestly about the likely outcomes of these different choices.We'd be fine if someone gave us $200,000 but that, unfortunately, is not a likely scenario.The rising cost of housing is the most likely culprit.We discussed the likely consequences of the vote.The retiring Chairman was photographed having lunch with his likely successor.a list of likely Oscar nomineesHis movie is still the most likely winner of this year's Best Picture.a development they believed would make nuclear war more likelyJuries became increasingly likely to acquit.Violence may appeal to some viewers, but it's equally likely to put people off.They're hardly likely to get home before ten.This match was never likely to be a classic.It is entirely likely that the company will make another offer.It's more than likely that the thieves don't know how much it is worth.盗贼很可能不知道此物的价值。It is highly likely that the factory will have to close.The doctors didn't think it likely that she would ever heal completely.Topics Doubt, guessing and certaintya2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsappearbelook…adverbextremelyfairlyvery…See full entry seeming suitable for a purpose似乎合适的;仿佛恰当的 synonym promisingShe seems the most likely candidate for the job.这项工作,她似乎是最适宜的人选了。 Word OriginMiddle English: from Old Norse líkligr, from líkr; related to alike.Idioms a likely story (informal, ironic) used to show that you do not believe what somebody has said(表示不相信某人的话)说得好像真有这回事似的,煞有介事You just found it lying in the street? A likely story!He said he'd met Rihanna. A likely story. likely adverbOPAL W /ˈlaɪkli/ /ˈlaɪkli/Idioms Idioms as likely as not | most/very likely very probably很可能As likely as not she's forgotten all about it.她很可能把这事忘得一干二净了。The illness was caused, most likely, by a virus.Grammar Point likelylikelyIn standard British English the adverb likely is often used with a word such as most, more or very:We will most likely see him later. In journalism and less formal language, however, likely is used on its own:但在新闻和不太正式的用语中,likely 则单独使用:The deal will likely result in more cuts to services. In informal North American English likely is often used on its own, and this is not considered incorrect:We will likely see him later.He said that he would likely run for President.Topics Doubt, guessing and certaintyb1 not likely! (informal, especially British English) used to disagree strongly with a statement or suggestion(表示坚决不同意)决不可能,绝对不会Me? Join the army? Not likely!我?参军入伍?不可能!Topics Opinion and argumentc2
断词:like‧ly
词源: likelylikely:可能的like,相似,-ly,形容词后缀,来自like.
辨析: possible, probable, likely possible: 强调客观上可能性,但常带有“实际可能性很小”的暗示。如:It’s possible, though not probable, that he will accept these terms. (他有可能接受这些条件,但希望很小。) probable: 很可能的,大概的,语气较possible强。如:It is probable that the cost will be greater than we think.(花费很可能比我们料想的要多。) likely: 暗示从表面迹象来判断“有可能的”。如:It is likely that he will come.(他多半会来。) apt, subject, liable, likely, prone 这组词都有“倾向于……的;易于……的”的意思,其区别是: apt: 口语中常用,指自然的或习惯的倾向,无特殊的褒贬意味,常指在一般情况下发生的事。 subject: 指确实可以察觉的倾向,也就是总结出来的规律。 liable: 指易于产生某种不利的结果,侧重偶然性,常表示警告或提醒。 likely: 侧重可能性,用于指将来,预言希望或所不希望的结果。 prone: 多用于人,着重其本性,或倾向于某种错误、弱点或不良行为等。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:4
中文释义2:
正面:system
US:[ˈsɪstəm]
UK:[ˈsɪstəm]
释义:n.系统;体系;制度;体制网络系统文件夹;系统运行原则
分布:system[ˈsɪstəm]CET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLn191215748291129817510804021785522NOUN1289561180Spoken:549114372systems[17618]系统(74%),制度(14%),体系(10%),身体(2%)n.制度,体制;系统;方法
中文释义:system noun OPAL WOPAL S /ˈsɪstəm/ /ˈsɪstəm/Idioms   [countable] an organized set of ideas or theories or a particular way of doing something(思想或理论)体系;方法;制度;体制reform of the country's education systemthe criminal justice systemthe healthcare systemthe legal/financial/political system system for doing something Systems are in place for dealing with complaints. system of something a system of government政体Wordfindercabinetchecks and balancesconstitutionfederalgovernmentministerthe Oppositionparliamentpoliticssystem see also binary, honor system, imperial (2), metric system, quota system, value systemExtra ExamplesHow is the system organized?The game has a complex scoring system.Under the new system, all children will be monitored by a senior social worker.This system allows you to study at your own speed.Fortunately the class system is not as rigid as it once was.The law applies to schools within the state system.The country's economic system is close to collapse.The governor referred to a prison system that was bankrupt of compassion.They have a modern and efficient healthcare system.They introduced a democratic parliamentary system in the 1980s.He played the legal system to his own advantage.the need to modernize the judicial systemThe justice system is based on just one or two fundamental principles.a backlog of cases clogging up the systemOnce your systems are in place you can concentrate on the main focus of your business.The new system is designed to eliminate fraud.We need to re-examine the systems we are currently using.The so-called reforms merely perpetuate an unjust system.They devised an appropriate system for presenting the required information.There is a national system for exchanging essential information.We are implementing a new system of stock control.Our system of granting visas is unnecessarily complicated.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecurrentexistingmodern…verb + systembuildcreatedesign…system + verbexistbe based on somethingrest on something…prepositionin a/​the systemunder a/​the systemsystem for…See full entry   [countable] a group of things, pieces of equipment, etc. that are connected or work together系统They installed a security system but it failed.How does the system work? see also Copernican system, ecosystem, midi system, Ptolemaic system, public address system, solar system, sound systemExtra ExamplesThe alarm system had been switched off.He is currently on a life-support system in the local hospital.attempts to disrupt the rail systema fault in the sound systemThe air-conditioning system failed.For this month only, installing the system is free.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveadvancedpowerfulinteractive…verb + systeminstallbootboot up…system + verbruncrashfail…system + nounsoftwaredesignperformance…prepositionin a/​the systemSee full entry   [countable] a set of computer equipment and programs that are used together系统to develop a new computer systemWe're designing a voice-recognition system.computerized information systems see also distributed system, expert system, operating systemTopics Computersb1Extra ExamplesThe latest computer system is much more efficient.an information retrieval systemThe system runs on this workstation.Just reboot the system and try again.   [countable] a human or an animal body, or a part of it, when it is being thought of as the organs and processes that make it function身体;(器官)系统Wait until the drugs have passed through your system.the male reproductive system男性生殖系统Returning to work after a long break can be a terrible shock to the system (= a big change that is difficult to deal with). see also central nervous system, digestive system, immune system, limbic system, nervous systemOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveauditorybiologicalcardiovascular…prepositionin a/​the systemphrasesa shock to the systemSee full entry the system [singular] (informal, usually disapproving) the rules or people that control a country or an organization, especially when they seem to be unfair because you cannot change them(尤指不公正的统治或管理)制度,体系,集团You can't beat the system (= you must accept it).你斗不过现行的体制。You have to learn how to work the system if you want to succeed.young people rebelling against the system反抗现行体制的年轻人 see also the spoils systemExtra ExamplesIt's not your fault—blame the system.She spent her years at school fighting the system.They are all part of the corrupt system we need to change. Word Originearly 17th cent.: from French système or late Latin systema, from Greek sustēma, from sun- ‘with’ + histanai ‘set up’.Idioms all systems go (informal) used to say that everything is working well or that everything is ready for something to happen or be successfulThe firm struggled to generate much business at the start, but now it's all systems go.Last weekend's heavy snowfall means it's all systems go for the ski season. get something out of your system (informal) to do something so that you no longer feel a very strong emotion or have a strong desire宣泄,排解,消解(强烈的感情或欲望)I was very angry with him, but now I feel I've got it out of my system.我当时很生他的气,不过现在我感觉气已经消了。
断词:sys‧tem
词源: systemsystem:系统,体系,制度来自拉丁语 systema,系统,安排,来自希腊语 systema,有机整体,来自 sy-,一起,-st,站立,
辨析: structure, system, heritage structure: 结构 system: 系统 heritage: 遗产
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:5
中文释义2:
正面:kid
US:[kɪd]
UK:[kɪd]
释义:n.小孩;年轻人;小山羊;小山羊皮革v.开玩笑;哄骗;戏弄;欺骗adj.妹妹;弟弟网络孩子;儿童;小孩子
分布:kid[kɪd]kidded, kidding, kidsCET4CET6TEM4考研n312138349407412855935337302503462v499056371919226471467367NOUN4843056501VERB764089424Spoken:188442892kidding[22435] kids[218889]小孩(67%),开玩笑(7%),小山羊(7%),哄骗(6%),较年幼的(5%),年轻人(4%),嘲弄(2%),捉弄(1%),小山羊皮制品(1%)n.小孩;小山羊vt.欺骗;取笑;戏弄vi.欺骗;取笑;戏弄adj.小山羊皮制的;较年幼的n.(Kid)人名;(英)基德
中文释义:kid noun  /kɪd/ /kɪd/Idioms   [countable] (informal) a child or young person小孩;年轻人Do you have any kids?你有孩子吗?How are the kids (= your children)?孩子们好吗?A bunch of kids were hanging around outside.一群年轻人在外面到处游逛。a gang/group of kidscollege/school kidsstreet kids who rely on their ingenuity to keep aliveYou're acting like a little kid! as a kid I remember reading with my grandmother as a young kid of 6.I'm looking forward to getting home to the wife and kids.Here are some fun ways to teach your kids about healthy eating.The kids love playing outside in the mud.The game is aimed at kids of all ages. Kid is much more common than child in informal and spoken North American English.Collocations ChildrenChildren孩子Having a baby/​child怀孕want a baby/​a child/​kids想要孩子start a family生孩子conceive/​be expecting/​be going to have a baby/​child怀孕miss your period月经未按期来become/​get/​be/​find out that you are pregnant怀孕了;发现怀孕了have a baby/​a child/​kids/​a son/​a daughter/​twins/​a family有一个宝宝/一个孩子/孩子/一个儿子/一个女儿/一对双胞胎/孩子have a normal/​a difficult/​an unwanted pregnancy; an easy/​a difficult/​a home birth正常/历经艰难/意外怀孕;顺产;难产;在家中分娩be in/​go into/​induce labour (especially US English) labor分娩;催产have/​suffer/​cause a miscarriage流产;引起流产give birth to a child/​baby/​daughter/​son/​twins生了一个孩子/一个宝宝/一个女儿/一个儿子/一对双胞胎Parenting养育;抚养;教养bring up/ (especially North American English) raise a child/​family抚养孩子care for/ (especially British English) look after a baby/​child/​kid照顾小孩change (British English) a nappy/(North American English) a diaper/​a baby换尿布;给婴儿换尿布feed/​breastfeed/​bottle-feed a baby喂孩子;给孩子哺乳;用奶瓶喂养孩子be entitled to/​go on maternity/​paternity leave有权利休/正在休产假/陪产假go back/​return to work after maternity leave产假后回到工作岗位need/​find/​get a babysitter/​good quality affordable childcare需要/找到一个临时保姆/负担得起的高质量儿童保育balance/​combine work and childcare/​child-rearing/​family life平衡/兼顾工作与照顾小孩/抚养小孩/家庭生活educate/​teach/​home-school a child/​kid教育孩子;给孩子家庭教育punish/​discipline/​spoil a child/​kid惩罚/管教/娇惯孩子adopt a baby/​child/​kid收养小孩offer a baby for/​put a baby up for adoption把小孩给人收养(especially British English) foster a child/​kid代养小孩be placed with/​be raised by foster parents被交给寄养父母;由寄养父母抚养 see also boomerang kid, whizz-kidExtra ExamplesShe's a bright kid.她是个聪明孩子。He's only a kid. You can't expect him to understand what's going on.I feel desperately sorry for the poor kid.I've tried to bring my kids up to respect other people.She was crying like a kid.The older kids had lessons in the afternoon as well.They had adopted three kids.They're just a bunch of kids.We both wanted to have kids.a spoiled little rich kidTopics Life stagesa2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivelittleyoungbig…… of kidsbunchcouplecrowd…verb + kidhavewantadopt…phrasesjust a kidonly a kidlike a kid…See full entry [countable] a young goat小山羊Topics Animalsc2 [uncountable] soft leather made from the skin of a young goat小山羊皮革a pair of white kid gloves Word Originnoun Middle English (in sense (3)): from Old Norse kith, of Germanic origin; related to German Kitze.Idioms handle/treat, etc. somebody with kid gloves to deal with somebody in a very careful way so that you do not offend or upset them小心应付某人Treat her with kid gloves—she's very sensitive. kids’ stuff (British English) (North American English kid stuff)something that is so easy to do or understand that it is thought to be not very serious or only suitable for children极容易的事;“小儿科”;小孩子都懂得的道理That was kids' stuff compared with what lies ahead.The movie is pure kids' stuff from beginning to end. a/the new kid on the block (informal) a person who is new to a place, an organization, etc.(地方、机构等的)新来者,新手Despite his six years in politics, he was still regarded by many as the new kid on the block.尽管他已经从政六年,但很多人仍把他视为初出茅庐的新手。 kid verb /kɪd/ /kɪd/ (informal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they kid /kɪd/ /kɪd/ he / she / it kids /kɪdz/ /kɪdz/ past simple kidded /ˈkɪdɪd/ /ˈkɪdɪd/ past participle kidded /ˈkɪdɪd/ /ˈkɪdɪd/ -ing form kidding /ˈkɪdɪŋ/ /ˈkɪdɪŋ/Idioms Phrasal Verbs [intransitive, transitive] (usually used in the progressive tenses通常用于进行时) to tell somebody something that is not true, especially as a joke戏弄;开玩笑 synonym jokeI thought he was kidding when he said he was going out with a rock star.他说他在与一个摇滚乐歌星谈恋爱,我还以为他在开玩笑呢。I didn't mean it. I was only kidding.我并没有这个意思,我只是开开玩笑而已。 kid somebody I'm not kidding you. It does work.我不是戏弄你,那的确有效。Extra ExamplesDon't look so worried—I was just kidding.Oh come on, who are you trying to kid?.Topics Personal qualitiesc2 [transitive] to allow somebody/yourself to believe something that is not true欺骗;哄骗 synonym deceive kid somebody/yourself They're kidding themselves if they think it's going to be easy.如果他们认为这会很容易,那是自己欺骗自己。 kid somebody/yourself (that)… I tried to kid myself (that) everything was normal.我试图让自己相信一切都正常。More Like This Consonant-doubling verbsConsonant-doubling verbsbobclubdubgrabrubsobthrobkidnodpadplodprodshredskidthudbegblogbugdragdrugflaghugjoglogmugnagplugbarconferinferoccurpreferreferstarstirtransferacquitadmitallotchatclotcommitjutknitpatregretrotspotsubmitappalcancelchannelcontrolcounselenrolequalexcelfuelfulfillabellevelmarvelmodelpedalquarrelsignaltravel Word Originverb early 19th cent.: perhaps from kid (noun), expressing the notion “make a child or goat of”.Idioms no kidding (informal)used to emphasize that something is true or that you agree with something that somebody has just said(强调是真实的或同意别人刚说过的话)真的,可不是‘It's cold!’ ‘No kidding!’“天气真冷!” “可不是!”Topics Opinion and argumentc1 used to show that you mean what you are saying(表示认真)不是开玩笑,我说的是真的I want the money back tomorrow. No kidding.我希望明天钱就能退回来。这可不是开玩笑。 you’re kidding | you must be kidding (informal) used to show that you are very surprised at something that somebody has just said(对对方刚说过的话感到非常惊奇)你是在开玩笑吧She fired you? You're kidding! Why? Phrasal Verbskid aroundkid adjective /kɪd/ /kɪd/ (informal, especially North American English) kid sister/brother a person’s younger sister/brother妹妹;弟弟Topics Family and relationshipsc1
断词:kid
词源: kidkid:小孩来自中古英语kide,来自古诺斯语kith,羊羔,来自Proto-Germanic*kittina,小羊,羊羔,可能来自PIE*ghaid,羊,山羊,词源同goat.后用来指小偷或好斗的人,最终用于小孩昵称。
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:6
中文释义2:
正面:interest
US:[ˈɪntrɪst]
UK:[ˈɪntrɪst]
释义:n.兴趣;利益;利息;关注v.使感兴趣;使关注网络爱好;趣味;利率
分布:interest[ˈɪntrəst]interested, interesting, interestsCET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLn416100940166687294189662082237190v78272478424746512366430NOUN5002997782VERB724798324Spoken:370197464interested[69657] interesting[63126] interests[14187]兴趣(83%),利息(16%),股份(1%)n.兴趣,爱好;利息;趣味;同行vt.使……感兴趣;引起……的关心;使……参与
中文释义:interest noun OPAL WOPAL S /ˈɪntrəst/, /ˈɪntrest/ /ˈɪntrəst/, /ˈɪntrest/Idioms wanting to know more求知  [uncountable, singular] the feeling that you have when you want to know or learn more about somebody/something兴趣;关注Her research has generated interest around the world.The case has attracted the interest of the public and media. interest in something Do your parents take an interest in your friends?你的父母有兴趣了解你的朋友吗?By that time I had lost (all) interest in the idea.那时我已经对此想法(完全)失去兴趣了。Many people have contacted me expressing interest in the idea.A small number of investors have shown an interest.He showed a keen interest in music from his childhood.They shared a common interest in horses. interest in doing something I have no interest in seeing the movie. with interest I watched with interest.我兴致勃勃地看着。 out of interest Just out of interest, how much did it cost?我只是好奇问问,这个花了多少钱?As a matter of interest (= I'd like to know), what time did the party finish?我想知道,晚会是什么时间结束的?A sticker on a bag caught my interest. compare disinterestExtra ExamplesA childhood trip to Europe sparked his lifelong interest in history.Despite intensive publicity, Channel 4 failed to maintain interest in its expensive new show.He showed a polite interest in her story.He's never shown the slightest interest in football.I'll watch the programme with added interest now I know you're in it.I'm asking purely out of interest.My cousin expressed an interest in seeing where I work.She always had a great interest in the supernatural.She feigned interest in a magazine article to avoid meeting the man's stare.She took an active interest in their welfare.The children's interest began to flag after half an hour of the lesson.The event attracted a lot of media interest.The film kept my interest throughout.The government failed to drum up any public interest in the referendum.The police were starting to take a close interest in the company's activities.They listened with interest.While in prison he developed an interest in art.Why the sudden interest?growing interest from younger membersto stimulate interest among teachersDoes she take an interest in your research?He showed no more than a passing interest in the sport.I told him about it but he showed no interest.Several people expressed an interest in learning the game.Topics Feelingsa1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveavidcloseconsiderable…verb + interesthaveevinceexpress…interest + verbgrowflagwane…prepositionfor interestout of interestwith interest…See full entry attraction吸引力  [uncountable] the quality that something has when it attracts somebody’s attention or makes them want to know more about it引人关注的性质;吸引力;趣味There are many places of interest near the city.这座城市附近有许多有意思的地方。These plants will add interest to your garden in winter.这些植物在冬季会给你的花园增添胜景。 be of interest These documents are of great historical interest.这些文件具有重要的历史价值。The area is a site of special scientific interest.This is a story of national interest. be of interest to somebody The subject is of no interest to me at all.我对此课题一点也不感兴趣。 interest for somebody This museum holds particular interest for geologists. see also human interest, love interestExtra ExamplesHis books have a special interest for me.We met to discuss matters of common interest.a building of great architectural interestissues of compelling strategic interestThis information was of no immediate interest to me.Their conversation held no interest for me.The interest of the painting lies in its unusual use of colour.The CD-ROM gives the book added interest.Since the championship has already been decided, this game is of purely academic interest.His books are of no interest to me at all.Her comments are of particular interest to me.There are many places of interest around Oxford.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivegreatparticularspecial…verb + interestbe ofhold noadd…interest + verblie inprepositionof interestSee full entry hobby业余爱好  [countable] an activity or a subject that you enjoy and that you spend time doing or studying业余爱好Her main interests are music and tennis.她的主要爱好是音乐和网球。He was a man of wide interests outside his work.他是个有广泛业余爱好的人。My main research interest is herbal medicine.In the end, she left the company to pursue other interests.Synonyms interestinteresthobbygamepastimeThese are all words for activities that you do for pleasure in your spare time.interest an activity or a subject that you do or study for pleasure in your spare time:Her main interests are music and gardening.hobby an activity that you do for pleasure in your spare time:His hobbies include swimming and cooking.game a children’s activity when they play with toys, pretend to be somebody else, etc.; an activity that you do to have fun:a game of cops and robbersHe was playing games with the dog.pastime an activity that people do for pleasure in their spare time:Eating out is the national pastime in France. interest, hobby or pastime?用 interest、hobby 还是 pastime?A hobby is often more active than an interest: His main hobby is football (= he plays football). • His main interest is football (= he watches and reads about football, and may or may not play it). Pastime is used when talking about people in general; when you are talking about yourself or an individual person it is more usual to use interest or hobby: Eating out is the national interest/​hobby in France. • Do you have any pastimes? Patternsa popular interest/​hobby/​pastimeto have/​share interests/​hobbiesto take up/​pursue a(n) interest/​hobby compare hobbyExtra ExamplesHe has many hobbies and outside interests.He wanted time to pursue his many and varied musical interests.Topics Hobbiesa1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivediversevariedwide…verb + interesthavesharepursue…See full entry money钱  [uncountable] (finance金融) the extra money that you pay back when you borrow money or that you receive when you invest money利息 interest on something to pay interest on a loan付贷款利息 with interest The money was repaid with interest.这笔钱是带息偿还的。interest charges/payments利息;利息的支付Interest rates have risen by 1%.利率上升了 1%。high rates of interest高利率 see also compound interest, simple interestWordfinderaccountbalancebankcreditdebitdepositinterestloanstatementwithdrawalWordfinderassetbondcapitaldividendequityfundinterestinvestportfolioshareWordfindercreditdebtdepositinterestlendloanmoneymortgageoverdraftriskExtra ExamplesThey're paying 16% interest on the loan.The Gold Account pays monthly interest of 5.5%.Find a bank that has very low interest charges on overdrafts.a mortgage with a fixed rate of interestTopics Moneyb1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveannualmonthlyetc.…verb + interestearnreceivepay…interest + verbaccruebearinterest + nounratepaymentcharge…prepositioninterest onphrasesa rate of interestSee full entry advantage利益  [countable, usually plural, uncountable] a good result or an advantage for somebody/something好处;利益The union is working to protect the interests of its members.to promote/defend somebody's interestsTough talk doesn't always serve your interests.I was voted in to represent the interests of my constituents.You can't blame them for looking after their own interests. in somebody's interest(s) She was acting entirely in her own interests.她所做的完全是为了自己的利益。These reforms were in the best interests of local government.这些改革对地方政府最有利。It is in the public interest that these facts are made known.公开这些真相是为了公众的利益。 against somebody's interests The policy is clearly working against the interests of consumers.It is crucial to our national interest to keep stability in the region. see also self-interest, vested interestExtra ExamplesContinuing such a policy is short-sighted and not in the interest of consumers.It's not in your best interests to let your boss know you're looking for a new job.He claimed to be acting in the public interest.I feel it is in everyone's best interest if I step aside now.He was obviously acting purely out of selfish interest.The lawyer refused to act against his client's interests.The union refused to support proposals that it saw as contrary to the interests of its members.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivebest interestbest interestsown…verb + interestdefendguardlook after…interest + verblie in somethingbe at stakeinterest + noungroupprepositionagainst somebody’s/​something’s interestcontrary to somebody’s/​something’s interestin somebody’s/​something’s interest…phrasesa conflict of interesta conflict of interestshave somebody’s interests at heart…See full entry share in business企业股份[countable, usually plural] interest (in something) a share in a business or company and its profits(企业或公司的)股份;权益;股权She has business interests in France.她在法国拥有企业权益。American interests in Europe (= money invested in European countries)在欧洲的美国权益 see also controlling interestOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivepowerfulcontrollingmajority…verb + interesthavesellprepositioninterest inSee full entry connection关系[countable, uncountable] a connection with something that affects your attitude to it, especially because you may benefit from it in some way利害关系;利益关系I should, at this point, declare my interest.到了这个时候,我应该申明我的利益关系。 interest in (doing) something Organizations have an interest in ensuring that employee motivation is high.各机构皆知获利之道在于确保员工士气高昂。Lawyers have a direct financial interest in the outcome of the debate. compare disinterest see also vested interestOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivebest interestbest interestsown…verb + interestdefendguardlook after…interest + verblie in somethingbe at stakeinterest + noungroupprepositionagainst somebody’s/​something’s interestcontrary to somebody’s/​something’s interestin somebody’s/​something’s interest…phrasesa conflict of interesta conflict of interestshave somebody’s interests at heart…See full entry group of people团体[countable, usually plural] a group of people who are in the same business or who share the same aims that they want to protect同行;同业;利害与共者;利益团体powerful farming interests强大的农民团体relationships between local government and business interests地方政府和企业团体之间的关系 Word Originlate Middle English (originally as interess): from Anglo-Norman French interesse, from Latin interesse ‘differ, be important’, from inter- ‘between’ + esse ‘be’. The -t was added partly by association with Old French interest ‘damage, loss’, apparently from Latin interest ‘it is important’. The original sense was ‘the possession of a share in or a right to something’; hence sense (6). Sense (1) and the verb arose in the 18th cent. Sense (4) was influenced by medieval Latin interesse ‘compensation for a debtor's defaulting’.Idioms conflict of interest(s) a situation in which somebody has two jobs, aims, roles, etc. and cannot treat both of them equally and fairly at the same time利益(或利害)冲突There was a conflict of interest between his business dealings and his political activities.他的商务交往与政治活动之间出现利益冲突。One member of the planning committee had a conflict of interest as he lived near the proposed road.There is often a conflict of interests between farmers and conservationists. do something (back) with interest to do the same thing to somebody as they have done to you, but with more force, enthusiasm, etc.加倍回报(或回击等) have somebody’s interests at heart to want somebody to be happy and successful even though your actions may not show this关心…的幸福成功;暗暗地替…着想Although he was sometimes too strict with his children, he had their best interests at heart.Topics Successc2 in the interest(s) of something in order to help or achieve something为了;为帮助(或取得)New work practices were introduced in the interests of efficiency. interest verb  /ˈɪntrəst/, /ˈɪntrest/ /ˈɪntrəst/, /ˈɪntrest/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they interest /ˈɪntrəst/, /ˈɪntrest/ /ˈɪntrəst/, /ˈɪntrest/ he / she / it interests /ˈɪntrəsts/, /ˈɪntrests/ /ˈɪntrəsts/, /ˈɪntrests/ past simple interested /ˈɪntrəstɪd/, /ˈɪntrestɪd/ /ˈɪntrəstɪd/, /ˈɪntrestɪd/ past participle interested /ˈɪntrəstɪd/, /ˈɪntrestɪd/ /ˈɪntrəstɪd/, /ˈɪntrestɪd/ -ing form interesting /ˈɪntrəstɪŋ/, /ˈɪntrestɪŋ/ /ˈɪntrəstɪŋ/, /ˈɪntrestɪŋ/ Phrasal Verbs to attract your attention and make you feel interested; to make yourself give your attention to something使感兴趣;使关注 interest somebody Politics doesn't interest me.我对政治不感兴趣。The museum has something to interest everyone, young and old. interest somebody/yourself in something She has always interested herself in charity work.她始终关注慈善工作。 it interests somebody to do something It may interest you to know that Andy didn't accept the job.或许你有兴趣知道,安迪没有接受这份工作。Extra ExamplesIt is this aspect of the work that really interests me.She tried to interest the director in her plan.She has always interested herself in helping younger musicians.The topic interests me very much.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbgreatlyparticularlyreally…verb + interesttry toSee full entryWord Originlate Middle English (originally as interess): from Anglo-Norman French interesse, from Latin interesse ‘differ, be important’, from inter- ‘between’ + esse ‘be’. The -t was added partly by association with Old French interest ‘damage, loss’, apparently from Latin interest ‘it is important’. The original sense was ‘the possession of a share in or a right to something’; hence sense (6). Sense (1) and the verb arose in the 18th cent. Sense (4) was influenced by medieval Latin interesse ‘compensation for a debtor's defaulting’.Phrasal Verbsinterest in
断词:in‧terest
词源: interest  1 interest:兴趣,利益,利息来自拉丁语interesse,关心,关切,来自inter-,在内,在中间,相互,-esse,存在,是,词源同is,essence,entity.即内在的利益,兴趣等。后用于经济学指利息,以与高利贷(usury)相区别。  2 interest:兴趣,关心;利害(关系),利益;利息来源于拉丁语动词interesse(之间),是由前缀inter-(相互)和be动词esse组成的复合词;esse的现在时第三人称单数形式为est。 词根词缀: inter-相互 + -est-(esse是,存在)
辨析: amuse, please, interest, entertain 这组词都有“使人娱乐,消遣”的意思,其区别是: amuse: 指使人通过注意某些有趣或悦人的事物而消遣,着重使人愉快的效果。 please: 多指愿望、兴趣得到满足后产生的强烈满意情绪。 interest: 普通用词,指出于任何原因使人兴奋或对某事物保持好奇心或注意力,侧重引起兴趣或注意。 entertain: 指通过给他人快乐感的消遣活动,使自己或他人从单调中解脱出来。 profit, advantage, benefit, interest, favour, gain 这组词都有“利益、好处”的意思,其区别是: profit: 着重收益,尤指从物质、钱财等方面获得的利益。 advantage: 指因某方面占优势或利用某机会以及对方弱点而获得利益与好处。 benefit: 普通用词,指通过正当手段从物质或精神方面得到的任何好处或利益。 interest: 作“利益”解时,多用复数形式,既可指集团、群体的利益,又可指个人的利益。 favour: 指在竞争中获得的advantage,也可指在狭隘的个人利益。 gain: 指获得的物质利益,也暗示不损坏他人利益而得的无形好处。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:7
中文释义2:
正面:identify
US:[aɪˈdɛntəˌfaɪ]
UK:[aɪˈdentɪfaɪ]
释义:v.鉴定;确认;发现;找到网络识别;认出;辨认
分布:identify[aɪˈdentɪfaɪ]identified, identifying, identifiesCET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLIELTSv77058123563828149221718833262VERB7931988080Spoken:152129394identified[10961] identifies[719] identifying[2038]认同(43%),鉴定(34%),把…看成一样(11%),感同身受(7%),认明(5%)vt.确定;鉴定;识别,辨认出;使参与;把…看成一样 vi. 确定;认同;一致
中文释义:identify verb OPAL WOPAL S /aɪˈdentɪfaɪ/ /aɪˈdentɪfaɪ/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they identify /aɪˈdentɪfaɪ/ /aɪˈdentɪfaɪ/ he / she / it identifies /aɪˈdentɪfaɪz/ /aɪˈdentɪfaɪz/ past simple identified /aɪˈdentɪfaɪd/ /aɪˈdentɪfaɪd/ past participle identified /aɪˈdentɪfaɪd/ /aɪˈdentɪfaɪd/ -ing form identifying /aɪˈdentɪfaɪɪŋ/ /aɪˈdentɪfaɪɪŋ/ Phrasal Verbs   (also informal ID) to recognize somebody/something and be able to say who or what they are确认;认出;鉴定 identify somebody/something She was able to identify her attacker.她认出了袭击她的人。Passengers were asked to identify their own suitcases before they were put on the plane.乘客被要求先确认自己的旅行箱再送上飞机。 identify yourself Many of those arrested refused to identify themselves (= would not say who they were).很多被逮捕的人拒不透露身份。 identify somebody/something as somebody/something The bodies were identified as those of two suspected drug dealers.那两具尸体被辨认出原是两名贩毒嫌疑犯。 identify somebody/something by something two species of waterbirds that can be identified by their distinctive beaksExtra ExamplesAll three structures dated to the third century and were tentatively identified as shrines.Did you identify all the pictures correctly?I could identify him easily if I saw him again.Jaime successfully identified all 45 different species.Most students failed to identify the quotation.Ms. Wilson was publicly identified as a CIA operative.The newspaper declined to identify the source of the allegations.Topics Crime and punishmenta2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbaccuratelycorrectlyrightly…verb + identifybe able tobe unable tocan…phrasesefforts to identify somebody/​somethinga means of identifying somebody/​somethinga way of identifying somebody/​something…adverbcloselycompletelyfully…verb + identify withcanadverbcloselyclearlyincreasingly…See full entry   to find or discover somebody/something找到;发现 identify somebody/something First of all we must identify the problem areas.首先我们必须找出问题所在。Scientists have identified the gene responsible for the disease.As yet they have not identified a buyer for the company.迄今为止他们还没有为公司找到买主。to identify a need/factor/source/cause identify what, which, etc… They are trying to identify what is wrong with the present system.他们正试图弄清现行制度的弊端所在。Extra ExamplesBusiness trends are rapidly identified by this system.He has stepped up efforts to identify and acquire other small companies.The new test will enable us to identify more accurately patients who are most at risk.The researchers hope to identify ways to improve the treatment.a computer program to automatically identify any query ending with a question markWe have not yet clearly identified the source of the pollution.Scientists have identified a link between diet and cancer.科学家发现了饮食与癌症之间的关联。Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbaccuratelycorrectlyrightly…verb + identifybe able tobe unable tocan…phrasesefforts to identify somebody/​somethinga means of identifying somebody/​somethinga way of identifying somebody/​something…adverbcloselycompletelyfully…verb + identify withcanadverbcloselyclearlyincreasingly…See full entry identify somebody/something (as somebody/something) to make it possible to recognize who or what somebody/something is显示;说明身份In many cases, the clothes people wear identify them as belonging to a particular social class.很多情况下,人们的穿着显示出他们的社会阶层。a serial number that uniquely identifies the disk Word Originmid 17th cent. (in the sense ‘treat as being identical with’): from medieval Latin identificare, from late Latin identitas (from Latin idem ‘same’) + Latin -ficare (from facere ‘make’).Phrasal Verbsbe identified withidentify withidentify yourself withSynonyms identifyidentifyknowrecognizenamemake somebody/​something outThese words all mean to be able to see or hear somebody/​something and especially to be able to say who or what they are.identify to be able to say who or what somebody/​something is:She was able to identify her attacker.know to be able to say who or what something is when you see or hear it because you have seen or heard it before 指能认出、能辨认出Know is used especially to talk about sounds that seem familiar and when somebody recognizes the quality or opportunity that somebody/​something represents: I couldn’t see who was speaking, but I knew the voice. • She knows a bargain when she sees one. recognize to know who somebody is or what something is when you see or hear them/​it, because you have seen or heard them/​it before:I recognized him as soon as he came in the room.name to say the name of somebody/​something in order to show that you know who/​what they are:The victim has not yet been named.make somebody/​something out to manage to see or hear somebody/​something that is not very clear:I could just make out a figure in the darkness.Patternsto identify/​know/​recognize somebody/​something by somethingto identify/​recognize/​name somebody/​something as somebody/​somethingto identify/​know/​recognize/​make out who/​what/​how…to easily/​barely/​just identify/​recognize/​make out somebody/​something
断词:i‧den‧ti‧fy
词源: identify  1 identify:确认,辨认ident-,一样,-fy,使。引申词义确认,辨认。  2 identify:使…和…同一;识别,鉴别;把…等同于词根词缀: -ident-相同,同一 + -ify使成为…
辨析: recognize, identify, make out 这组词都有“认出,识别”的意思,其区别是: recognize: 指所辨认的人或物多是以前所熟悉的。 identify: 指辨别、确定人的身份或物品的归属等。 make out: 通常指通过人的感觉器官来辨别事物。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:8
中文释义2:
正面:happen
US:[ˈhæpən]
UK:[ˈhæpən]
释义:v.发生;出现;向对方表示异议或不悦等linkv.碰巧;恰好网络偶然;事情发生;事情做主语
分布:happen[ˈhæpən]happened, happening, happensCET4CET6TEM4考研v2161996508854742725276682878511925VERB3124436668Spoken:124668505happened[302673] happening[62831] happens[113178]发生(83%),出现(9%),碰巧(7%),偶遇(1%)vi.发生;碰巧;偶然遇到
中文释义:happen verb OPAL S /ˈhæpən/ /ˈhæpən/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they happen /ˈhæpən/ /ˈhæpən/ he / she / it happens /ˈhæpənz/ /ˈhæpənz/ past simple happened /ˈhæpənd/ /ˈhæpənd/ past participle happened /ˈhæpənd/ /ˈhæpənd/ -ing form happening /ˈhæpənɪŋ/ /ˈhæpənɪŋ/Idioms Phrasal Verbs   [intransitive] to take place, especially without being planned(尤指偶然)发生,出现You'll never guess what's happened!你根本猜不到出了什么事!Accidents like this happen all the time.此类事故经常发生。The most recent incident happened only a week ago.The government has denied that the events ever happened.Change doesn't happen overnight.You have to make things happen.Let's see what happens next week.咱们等着瞧下一周会怎么样。I'll be there whatever happens.不管发生什么事我都会到那儿的。No matter what happens, he's going to pay for what he's done.Is this really happening or is it a dream?This would never happen in real life.I don't know how this happened.我不知道这事怎么发生的。I try to keep up with what is happening in the world.Extra ExamplesI don't remember learning to swim, it just happened.Mistakes are bound to happen sometimes.She couldn't quite believe that all this was actually happening to her.Sometimes fun activities just happen spontaneously; at other times they take careful planning.You have to make things happen if you want them to happen.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbactuallyreallyjust…verb + happenbe going tobe likely tobe bound to…prepositiontoSee full entry   [intransitive] to take place as the result of something(作为结果)出现,发生She pressed the button but nothing happened.她按下按钮,但什么反应也没有。What happens if nobody comes to the party?要是没有人来参加聚会,会怎么样呢?Just plug it in and see what happens.就把插头插上,看看会怎么样。Topics Change, cause and effecta1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbactuallyreallyjust…verb + happenbe going tobe likely tobe bound to…prepositiontoSee full entry [transitive] happen to be/do something to do or be something by chance碰巧;恰好She happened to be out when we called.我们打电话时她刚巧不在。You don't happen to know his name, do you?你不会碰巧知道他的名字吧?This happens to be my favourite restaurant.The door happened to be unlocked. it happens that… It happened that she was out when we called.我们打电话时她刚巧不在家。 [transitive] happen to be/do something used to tell somebody something, especially when you are disagreeing with them or annoyed by what they have said(向对方表示异议或不悦等)That happens to be my mother you're talking about!你们谈论的是我母亲!Topics Opinion and argumentc2More Like This Verbs usually followed by infinitivesVerbs usually followed by infinitivesaffordagreeappeararrangeattemptbegchooseconsentdecideexpectfailhappenhesitatehopeintendlearnmanagemeanneglectofferpreparepretendpromiserefusesweartrywantwish Word Originlate Middle English (superseding the verb hap): from the noun hap ‘chance’ + -en.Idioms an accident/a disaster waiting to happen a thing or person that is very likely to cause danger or a problem in the future because of the condition it is in or the way they behave隐患Any one of these nuclear plants may be a disaster waiting to happen.Topics Dangerc2 accidents will happen people say accidents will happen to tell somebody who has had an accident, for example breaking something, that it does not matter and they should not worry 出事是难免的 anything can/might happen used to say that it is not possible to know what the result of something will be什么事都可能发生;结果难以预料 as it happens/happened used when you say something that is surprising, or something connected with what somebody else has just said令人惊奇的是;恰恰I agree with you, as it happens.我恰恰和你意见一致。As it happens, I have a spare set of keys in my office.碰巧我在办公室有一套备用钥匙。 in the event of something | in the event that something happens if something happens如果…发生;万一;倘若In the event of an accident, call this number.万一发生事故就拨这个号码。Sheila will inherit everything in the event of his death.他一旦故去,所有财产都由希拉继承。In the unlikely event of a crash, please remain calm. it (just) so happens that… by chance碰巧;恰好It just so happened they'd been invited too.他们碰巧也获得邀请。 shit happens (taboo, slang) used to express the idea that we must accept that bad things often happen without reason天有不测风云;坏事难免会发生 these things happen used to tell somebody not to worry about something they have done这类事在所难免;别为做过的事担忧‘Sorry—I've spilt some wine.’ ‘Never mind. These things happen.’“对不起,我弄洒了些酒。” “没关系。这种事在所难免。” Phrasal Verbshappen onhappen to
断词:hap‧pen
词源: happen  1 happen:发生hap,发生,运气,机会,词源同happy.即好运发生,后用于中性词即可指发生的好运也可指坏运。  2 happen:发生,出现;(后接不定式)恰好,碰巧,偶然;巧遇,偶然发现 来源于古斯堪的纳维亚语在中古英语时期派生的hap(机会,运气)。 词根词缀: hap机会,运气(p双写) + -en动词词尾 同源词:perhaps, happy, hapless
辨析: take place, chance, happen, occur 这组词都有“发生”的意思,其区别是: take place: 多指通过人为安排的发生。 chance: 侧重事前无安排或无准备而发生的事,特指巧合。 happen: 普通用词,泛指一切客观事物或情况的发生,强调动作的偶然性。 occur: 较正式用词,可指意外地发生,也可指意料中的发生。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:9
中文释义2:
正面:technology
US:[tɛkˈnɑlədʒɪ]
UK:[tekˈnɒlədʒi]
释义:n.工艺;科技;工程技术;工艺学网络工艺技术;特色技术;科学技术
分布:technology[tekˈnɒlədʒi]CET4CET6TEM8考研n5857619284572066205551491130203NOUN3773797330Spoken:160027702technologies[2016]技术(88%),工艺(11%),工艺学(1%)n.技术;工艺;术语
中文释义:technology noun OPAL WOPAL S /tekˈnɒlədʒi/ /tekˈnɑːlədʒi/(plural technologies)   [uncountable, countable] scientific knowledge used in practical ways in industry, for example in designing new machines科技;工艺;工程技术;技术学;工艺学science and technology科学技术advances in communications technologyadvanced/modern technologyto develop and use new technologiessmall businesses that are involved with emerging technologiesthe use of the latest digital technology to create a virtual world This technology enables computers to read handwriting. see also information technology, push technologyExtra Examplesto make use of the most modern technologies利用最现代的技术Telecommunications technology is developing fast.The technology already exists to do this.We need to exploit existing technologies more fully.We now have the technologies to transplant limbs.a car engine based on technology developed for aeroplanesthe technology for the extraction of iron oreTopics Scientific researcha2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecurrentexistingemerging…verb + technologyhaveadoptapply…technology + verbadvancedevelopevolve…prepositiontechnology forphrasesadvances in technologythe impact of (a) technologyscience and technology…See full entry   [uncountable] machines or equipment designed using technology技术性机器(或设备)The scheme provides access to advanced computer technology in the classroom.The company has invested in the latest technology.这家公司已在尖端技术设备方面投资。a wireless technology companythe technology sector/industry see also high technology, intermediate technologyTopics Shoppinga2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecurrentexistingemerging…verb + technologyhaveadoptapply…technology + verbadvancedevelopevolve…prepositiontechnology forphrasesadvances in technologythe impact of (a) technologyscience and technology…See full entry Word Originearly 17th cent.: from Greek tekhnologia ‘systematic treatment’, from tekhnē ‘art, craft’ + -logia (see -logy).
断词:tech‧nol‧o‧gy
词源: technology  1 technology:科技,技术,技术学techn-,技术,科技,-logy,学说。  2 technology:科技,技术,技术学techn-,技术,科技,-logy,学说。  3 technology:科技,技术,工艺 词根词缀: -techn-技术 + -o- + -logy…学(科)
辨析: technique, technology 这组词都有“技术”的意思,其区别是: technique: 多指具体的某种技术和技巧。 technology: 含义比technique广泛,泛指生产工艺、科学技术。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:10
中文释义2:
正面:improve
US:[ɪmˈpruv]
UK:[ɪmˈpru:v]
释义:v.改善;改进网络提高;改良;增进
分布:improve[ɪmˈpru:v]improved, improving, improvesCET4CET6TEM4考研v9964385347201580107421005416757VERB6082563587Spoken:211418538improved[5736] improves[916] improving[2578]提高(41%),改善(36%),改进(21%),变得更好(2%)vt.改善,增进;提高…的价值vi.增加;变得更好
中文释义:improve verb OPAL W /ɪmˈpruːv/ /ɪmˈpruːv/[intransitive, transitive]Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they improve /ɪmˈpruːv/ /ɪmˈpruːv/ he / she / it improves /ɪmˈpruːvz/ /ɪmˈpruːvz/ past simple improved /ɪmˈpruːvd/ /ɪmˈpruːvd/ past participle improved /ɪmˈpruːvd/ /ɪmˈpruːvd/ -ing form improving /ɪmˈpruːvɪŋ/ /ɪmˈpruːvɪŋ/ Phrasal Verbs to become better than before; to make something/somebody better than before改进;改善Overall the situation has improved dramatically.Things are improving every day.You should see your score improve significantly.Working conditions have greatly improved.His quality of life has improved dramatically since the operation.手术后他的生活质量大大改善了。The doctor says she should continue to improve (= after an illness).医生说她还会继续康复。I hope my French will improve when I go to France. improve something This vital service helps to improve the quality of life for people with cancer.measures to improve public healthThis was a much improved performance by the team.The goal was to improve the efficiency of the department.Engineers are working to improve this technology. improve yourself He's a guy who wants to improve himself, to be the best.Extra ExamplesThe situation has improved dramatically during the last few months.The company needs to improve performance in all these areas.公司需要在所有这些方面改善业绩。My father's mood had noticeably improved during the afternoon.The weather should continue to improve over the weekend.The economy had improved markedly.They are trying to improve the working conditions in their factories.I need to improve my French.我得提高我的法语水平。You can significantly improve your chances of getting a job by compiling a good CV.We now offer a much improved service to our customers.Workers need to be given an incentive to improve their performance.Bringing the issue of pay into the debate did not improve matters.They're introducing a vastly improved public transport system.the new and improved version of the websiteTopics Change, cause and effecta1, Illnessa1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbconsiderablydramaticallydrastically…verb + improvecontinue tostrive totry to…phrasesaimed at improving somethingan attempt to improve somethingan effort to improve something…See full entryWord Originearly 16th cent. (as emprowe or improwe): from Anglo-Norman French emprower (based on Old French prou ‘profit’, ultimately from Latin prodest ‘is of advantage’); -owe was changed to -ove under the influence of prove. The original sense was ‘make a profit, increase the value of’; subsequently ‘make greater in amount or degree’.Phrasal Verbsimprove onimprove uponimprove noun /ɪmˈpruːv/ /ɪmˈpruːv/Idioms Idioms on the improve (Australian English, New Zealand English, informal) showing signs of improvementThe good news is that the weather is on the improve.
断词:im‧prove
词源: improve  1 improve:改进,改善来自诺曼法语emprouwer,使变成利润,增加收入,来自em-,进入,使,prou,利润,收益,词源同proud,原义为有收益的,有用的。后拼写受prove影响俗化。引申词义改进,改善。  2 improve:改善,改进,提高;好转,进步   来源于后期拉丁语prode(有利的),在古法语中派生了prou(利润),在盎格鲁-诺曼底语中与前缀em-结合派生了动词emprouer(变为利润,变为优势)。尽管improve中的-prove与动词prove有着相同的拼写,两者在词源上并没有联系。 词根词缀: im-加强意义 + prov优势 + -e动词词尾 同源词:proud
辨析: promote, improve promote: 提升,提倡 improve: 改进,改善 better, improve, perfect, refine 这组词都有“改进,改善”的意思,其区别是: better: 多用于口语,指适当地改善原来并非很差的状态或性质,也指社会地位、经济状况的改善。 improve: 最常用词,多指状态或性质上的深刻或重要改进,也可指自身能力的提高。 perfect: 语义强,通常指使方法、技术等达到完善美好的境地。 refine: 侧重指使语言、仪态等变得文雅、优美,也可指技艺等的提高。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:11
中文释义2:
正面:benefit
US:[ˈbɛnəfɪt]
UK:[ˈbenɪfɪt]
释义:n.益处;优势;成效;福利费(政府对失业者、病人等提供的补助金)v.对(某人)有用;使受益;得益于;得利于网络贝玲妃;利益;好处
分布:benefit[ˈbenɪfɪt]benefited, benefiting, benefitsCET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLIELTSv2247166802195385392943895782n8135292677121738137161174518015NOUN5332871695VERB1821767693Spoken:175424420benefited[754] benefiting[285] benefits[7866]利益(45%),得益(23%),有益于(14%),义演(9%),津贴(5%),借助(3%),保险金(1%)n.利益,好处;救济金vt.有益于,对…有益vi.受益,得益
中文释义:benefit noun OPAL WOPAL S /ˈbenɪfɪt/ /ˈbenɪfɪt/Idioms   [countable, uncountable] an advantage that something gives you; a helpful and useful effect that something has优势;益处;成效Freedom of information brings great benefits. health/economic/tax benefitsthe benefits of modern medicine现代医学的助益I've had the benefit of a good education.我得益于受过良好教育。It was good to see her finally reaping the benefits (= enjoying the results) of all her hard work.看到她终于得享辛勤劳动的成果令人欣慰。The industry will be one of the first to enjoy the benefits of the recovery.The company derived substantial benefit from the deal. benefit of doing something He couldn't see the benefit of arguing any longer.他看不出再争论下去有什么好处。 be of benefit to somebody/something The new regulations will be of benefit to everyone concerned.新规章将使所有有关人员受益。 to somebody's benefit It will be to your benefit to arrive early.早到将会对你有利。 benefit for somebody/something The project will have major benefits for the local community.With the benefit of hindsight (= knowing what we have learnt since), we would do things differently. without the benefit of something Nobody should be sent to prison without the benefit of legal advice.For maximum benefit, take the tablets before meals. see also cost–benefit, fringe benefitExtra ExamplesThe different environmental groups could work together to their mutual benefit.They somehow manage to work without the benefit of modern technology.I can see the benefits that such games give children.If you want to maximize the benefits of blueberries, eat them raw.Same-sex couples were denied the benefits given to married couples.The benefits easily outweigh the cost.The method has many additional benefits.The new factory will bring considerable benefits to the area.This deal will offer major benefits to industrialists and investors.Weigh the benefits of hiring help before hiring new employees.What are the benefits to investors?Consumers choose organic meat for a number of reasons, including perceived health benefits.a marketing campaign which promotes the cosmetic benefits of vitamin EOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveconsiderableenormousgreat…verb + benefitenjoyexperiencehave…benefit + verbaccruearise from somethingresult from something…prepositionfor somebody’s benefitof benefit toto somebody’s benefit…See full entry   [countable, usually plural, uncountable] (British English) (also welfare [uncountable] especially in North American English) money provided by the government to people who need financial help because they are unemployed, ill, etc.福利费(政府对失业者、病人等提供的补助金)You may be eligible to receive benefits.你也许有资格领取福利金。The number of people claiming unemployment benefit fell last month.上个月申请领取失业救济金的人数下降了。 on benefits The aim is to help people who are on benefits (= receiving benefits) to find jobs.目的是帮助领福利金的人找到工作。 see also child benefit, housing benefit, sickness benefitWordfinderbegbenefitcharityhomelesshostelthe poorpovertyshanty townsweatshopunemploymentExtra ExamplesHe's on social security benefit.She is worried that if she takes on a job she will lose her benefits.One way to cut spending is to move from universal benefits—those paid to everyone regardless of need—to means-tested ones.Benefit is paid monthly.Topics Social issuesb2, Moneyb2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivewelfarestateinsurance…… of benefitamountlevelverb + benefitbe eligible forbe entitled toqualify for…benefit + verbbe paidbenefit + nounbenefits agencyofficepayment…prepositionon benefitSee full entry [countable, usually plural] an advantage that you get from a company in addition to the money that you earn(公司发的)福利,奖金Private health insurance is offered as part of the employees' benefits package.私人医疗保险是提供给员工的一整套福利的其中一项。These benefits will now be extended to agency workers. see also fringe benefitOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivefringetaxemployee…verb + benefitgivereceiveextend…benefit + nounplanbenefits packageSee full entry [countable, usually plural] money from an insurance company(保险公司发的)给付,保险金The insurance plan will provide substantial cash benefits to your family in case of your death.投保人一旦死亡,该项保险将支付给其家属相当可观的保险金。 [countable] an event such as a performance, a dinner, etc., organized in order to raise money for a particular person or charity慈善(或公益)活动a benefit match/concert义赛;慈善音乐会The proceeds from the benefit will go directly to the refugee camps.WordfinderappealbenefitcharitycollectiondonationfundraiserhandouttelethonvolunteerwelfareTopics Film and theatrec2, Social issuesc2 Word Originlate Middle English (originally denoting a kind deed or something well done): from Old French bienfet, from Latin benefactum ‘good deed’, from bene facere ‘do good (to)’.Idioms for the benefit of somebody | for somebody’s benefit especially in order to help or be useful to somebody为帮助某人;为某人的利益I have typed out some lecture notes for the benefit of those people who were absent last week.我帮上星期缺席的人打印了些课堂笔记。Don't go to any trouble for my benefit!别为我费功夫! give somebody the benefit of the doubt to accept that somebody has told the truth or behaved well because you cannot prove that they have not(在证据不足的情况下)假定某人说实话,假定某人没有错She may have been lying, but I felt I had to give her the benefit of the doubt. benefit verb OPAL W /ˈbenɪfɪt/ /ˈbenɪfɪt/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they benefit /ˈbenɪfɪt/ /ˈbenɪfɪt/ he / she / it benefits /ˈbenɪfɪts/ /ˈbenɪfɪts/ past simple benefited /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ past participle benefited /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ past simple benefitted /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ past participle benefitted /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ -ing form benefiting /ˈbenɪfɪtɪŋ/ /ˈbenɪfɪtɪŋ/ -ing form benefitting /ˈbenɪfɪtɪŋ/ /ˈbenɪfɪtɪŋ/   [transitive] benefit somebody to be useful to somebody or improve their life in some way对(某人)有用;使受益We should spend the money on something that will benefit everyone.我们应该把这笔钱花在大家都能得益的事上。The new tax laws will clearly benefit those on low wages.The project will benefit the local community as a whole.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbconsiderablyenormouslygreatly…prepositionfromSee full entry   [intransitive] to be in a better position because of something得益于;得利于We all benefit when our young people realize their potential. benefit from something Who exactly stands to benefit from these changes?到底是谁会从这些变革中直接获益? benefit by doing something Most crime victims benefit greatly by talking about their experiences.Extra ExamplesWe benefited directly from the reorganization.We both benefited financially from the arrangement.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbconsiderablyenormouslygreatly…prepositionfromSee full entry Word Originlate Middle English (originally denoting a kind deed or something well done): from Old French bienfet, from Latin benefactum ‘good deed’, from bene facere ‘do good (to)’.
断词:ben‧e‧fit
词源: benefit  1 benefit:益处来自法语。词根bene, 好。fit, 做,同fact,字母c脱落。原指做好处,善举,后也指个人利益,即善有善报。  2 benefit:有益,好处来源于拉丁语benefacere(祝福,祈福)的过去分词benefactum,经由古法语bienfait和盎格鲁-诺曼底语benfet进入英语为benefit。 词根词缀: bene-好 + fit( = -fac-做,作)
辨析: profit, benefit, avail 这组词都有“有益于,有益”的意思,其区别是: profit: 着重于物质方面的受益,常用于财富或知识等方面的得益。 benefit: 通常既可指个人情况(如身体、智力或精神状态等)的好转或改善,又可指对实现某个目标等带来的好处。 avail: 较文雅,常见于历史小说、演说或讲道中,较少用于日常话语,侧重功效或效力。 profit, advantage, benefit, interest, favour, gain 这组词都有“利益、好处”的意思,其区别是: profit: 着重收益,尤指从物质、钱财等方面获得的利益。 advantage: 指因某方面占优势或利用某机会以及对方弱点而获得利益与好处。 benefit: 普通用词,指通过正当手段从物质或精神方面得到的任何好处或利益。 interest: 作“利益”解时,多用复数形式,既可指集团、群体的利益,又可指个人的利益。 favour: 指在竞争中获得的advantage,也可指在狭隘的个人利益。 gain: 指获得的物质利益,也暗示不损坏他人利益而得的无形好处。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:12
中文释义2:
正面:social
US:[ˈsoʃl]
UK:[ˈsəʊʃəl]
释义:n.联谊会;联欢会adj.社会的;社会上的;社会地位的;社交的网络社会型;社会化;好社交的
分布:social[ˈsəʊʃl]CET4CET6TEM4考研j319146215119644194199031651793637ADJ3813761291Spoken:127836935社会的(41%),社会保障(13%),社交的(12%),社交聚会(10%),群居的(10%),社会阶层的(6%),合群的(4%),好交际的(4%)n.联谊会;联欢会adj.社会的,社交的;群居的
中文释义:social adjective OPAL WOPAL S /ˈsəʊʃl/ /ˈsəʊʃl/ activities with others社交活动  [only before noun] connected with activities in which people meet each other for pleasure社交的;交际的;联谊的She has a busy social life.Team sports help to develop a child's social skills (= the ability to talk easily to other people and do things in a group).集体体育运动有助于培养孩子的交际能力。Social events and training days are arranged for all the staff.为所有员工安排联谊活动和培训。Join a social club to make new friends.加入一个社交俱乐部,好交一些新朋友。It was a purely social visit. connected with society社会  [only before noun] connected with society and the way it is organized社会的The film addresses serious social issues.The area has major social problems such as drug abuse and poverty.It was a period of political upheaval and social change.He fought for social justice and civil rights.the social welfare systemthe country's economic and social developmentExtra ExamplesPoor areas or areas with greater social problems received more help.Scientists should take social responsibility for the technology they develop.Topics Social issuesb1, People in societyb1   [only before noun] connected with your position in society社会上的;社会地位的Income differences between social classes are widening.A major influence on health is social status.social advancement (= improving your position in society)社会地位的提高social mobility (= the movement of people from one social class to another)Extra ExamplesThe study found that health was strongly affected by social class.There has been a growth in economic opportunity and social mobility. animals动物[only before noun] (specialist) living naturally in groups, rather than alone群居的Apes are social animals. friendly友好(also sociable) (of people人) enjoying spending time with other people 好交际的;合群的;友好的Word Originlate Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin socialis ‘allied’, from socius ‘friend’.social noun /ˈsəʊʃl/ /ˈsəʊʃl/ socials [plural] a way of referring to all somebody's social media websites and software programsDon’t forget to check the band's socials to hear about future tour dates. [countable] (old-fashioned) a party that is organized by a group or club联谊会;联欢会a church social the social [uncountable] (British English, old-fashioned, informal) social security (= money that the government pays regularly to people who are poor, unemployed, sick, etc.)社会保障金(政府定期向贫穷、失业、患病等人发放) on the social We're living on the social now.我们现在靠社会保障金维持生活。 Word Originlate Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin socialis ‘allied’, from socius ‘friend’.
断词:so‧cial
词源: social  1 social:社会的,社交的,交际的soc-,群体的,社会的,-al,形容词后缀。引申词义社交的,交际的。  2 social:社会(上)的;社交的,喜爱交际的词根词缀: -soci-联合 + -al形容词词尾
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:13
中文释义2:
正面:provide
US:[prəˈvaɪd]
UK:[prəˈvaɪd]
释义:v.提供;供应;给予;规定网络供给;准备;为某人提供某物
分布:provide[prəˈvaɪd]provided, providing, providesCET4CET6TEM4考研v262162772139245034335722800982233VERB11011080406Spoken:113843203provided[11753] provides[4363] providing[4758]提供(90%),供给(3%),规定(3%),准备(2%),抚养(2%)vt.提供;规定;准备;装备vi.规定;抚养;作准备
中文释义:provide verb OPAL W /prəˈvaɪd/ /prəˈvaɪd/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they provide /prəˈvaɪd/ /prəˈvaɪd/ he / she / it provides /prəˈvaɪdz/ /prəˈvaɪdz/ past simple provided /prəˈvaɪdɪd/ /prəˈvaɪdɪd/ past participle provided /prəˈvaɪdɪd/ /prəˈvaɪdɪd/ -ing form providing /prəˈvaɪdɪŋ/ /prəˈvaɪdɪŋ/ Phrasal Verbs   to give something to somebody or make it available for them to use提供;供应;给予 synonym supply provide something Please provide the following information.The exhibition provides an opportunity for local artists to show their work.She did not provide any evidence to substantiate the claims.The hospital has a commitment to provide the best possible medical care.这家医院承诺要提供最好的医疗服务。Please answer questions in the space provided.请在留出的空白处答题。Refreshments will be provided. provide something for somebody We are here to provide a service for the public.我们来这里是为公众服务。 provide somebody with something We are here to provide the public with a service我们来这里是为公众服务。He provided us with a lot of useful information. provide something to somebody We provide financial support to low-income families.Extra ExamplesThe rules should provide consumers with a high level of protection.The report was not expected to provide any answers.人们没有指望这个报告会提供什么答案。The agency provides legal services to farmers.The grants were intended to provide financial help to unemployed workers.The organization provides food and shelter for refugees.The charity provides sporting activities for disabled children.a buffet dinner, kindly provided by club membersThe article fails to provide any insight into how these trends are likely to develop.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbkindlyfreefree of charge…verb + providebe able tocanaim to…prepositionfortowith…See full entry provide that… (formal) (of a law or rule法律或规则) to state that something will or must happen规定 synonym stipulateThe final section provides that any work produced for the company is thereafter owned by the company.最后一节规定,此后为公司创作的一切作品均为该公司所有。 see also provisionTopics Permission and obligationc2 Word Originlate Middle English (also in the sense ‘prepare to do, get ready’): from Latin providere ‘foresee, attend to’, from pro- ‘before’ + videre ‘to see’.Phrasal Verbsprovide againstprovide for
断词:pro‧vide
词源: provide  1 provide:提供,供应,规定pro-,提前,-vid,看,词源同evident,visit.即提前看到的,有预见性的,引申词义准备,未雨绸缪,后用于指提供,供应,规定等。  2 provide:供给,提供,装备,准备词根词缀: pro-前 + -vid-看见 + -e动词词尾
辨析: equip, furnish, present, provide, volunteer, propose, supply, offer, afford equip: 侧重提供与技术有关的装备或设备等 furnish: 多指添置家具等供给生活的必需品或为生活舒适提供所需的服务设施 present: 既可指提出意见建议等,又可指拿出某物供人欣赏或赠送 provide: 与supply近义,但强调人的深谋远虑,侧重用贮备等方法作充分准备 volunteer: 侧重出于自愿,而不是奉命做某事 propose: 指直接而主动地提出问题或建议等,也指在讨论或争辩中提出具体意见或建议 supply: 普通用词,指提供任何所需求的东西 offer: 多指主动提出或提供意见或东西等,但是否接受由对方自行决定 afford: 一般只用于对抽象事物提供,也可指经济能力上的供给或支付
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:14
中文释义2:
正面:require
US:[rɪˈkwaɪɚ]
UK:[rɪˈkwaɪə]
释义:v.需要;依靠;依赖;使做(某事)网络要求;命令;请求
分布:require[rɪˈkwaɪə(r)]required, requiring, requiresCET4CET6TEM4考研IELTSv4469653580304657229371912041791VERB2245888774Spoken:127237114required[12901] requires[11309] requiring[1036]需要(70%),要求(25%),命令(3%),规定(2%)vt.需要;要求;命令
中文释义:require verb OPAL WOPAL S /rɪˈkwaɪə(r)/ /rɪˈkwaɪər/not usually used in the progressive tenses通常不用于进行时 (formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they require /rɪˈkwaɪə(r)/ /rɪˈkwaɪər/ he / she / it requires /rɪˈkwaɪəz/ /rɪˈkwaɪərz/ past simple required /rɪˈkwaɪəd/ /rɪˈkwaɪərd/ past participle required /rɪˈkwaɪəd/ /rɪˈkwaɪərd/ -ing form requiring /rɪˈkwaɪərɪŋ/ /rɪˈkwaɪərɪŋ/   to need something; to depend on somebody/something需要;依靠;依赖 require something These pets require a lot of care and attention.这些宠物需要悉心照顾。Deciphering the code requires an expert.This condition requires urgent treatment.这种情况得紧急处理。Do you require anything else? (= in a shop/store, for example)你还需要什么吗?These plants absolutely require shade. require somebody/something to do something True marriage requires us to show trust and loyalty.真正的婚姻有赖于我们表现出信任与忠诚。 require that… The situation required that he be present.这种情形需要他在场。 (British English also) The situation required that he should be present.这种情形需要他在场。 require doing something Lentils do not require soaking before cooking.小扁豆在烹饪前不必浸泡。Extra ExamplesThe scheme will require a high level of investment.Friendships do not just happen; they require effort.They are trying to reduce the time required to complete the process.These changes require vast amounts of capitalSufficient moisture is required for good growth.More research is urgently required before conclusions can be drawn.The plants usually require treatment each year.Your services are no longer required.Force is required in order to open it.Applying online requires less time and effort.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverburgentlyreasonablygenerally…See full entry   [often passive] to make somebody do or have something, especially because it is necessary according to a particular law or set of rules使做(某事);使拥有(某物);(尤指根据法规)规定 require something I just require a signature on the form. be required (by something) The wearing of seat belts is required by law.法律规定必须系安全带。‘Hamlet’ is required reading (= must be read) for this course.《哈姆雷特》是这门课程的指定读物。Several students failed to reach the required standard.有几名学生没有达到规定的标准。 be required of somebody What exactly is required of a receptionist (= what are they expected to do)?接待员的职责到底是什么? be required to do something All candidates will be required to take a short test.所有候选者都要参加一次小测验。All adults are legally required to pay the tax. require that… We require that you comply with the following rules:…我们要求你遵守以下规则:…The law requires that everyone wear a seat belt.Extra ExamplesThe government's ruling will require widespread changes in classroom practices.Graduates should possess the knowledge and skills required by industry.Students were required to provide a written proposal. Such use may require approval by federal regulatory agencies.The workshop is free, but booking is required.Farmers will be required to pay for the testing.These are the conditions required under the terms of the agreement.Synonyms demanddemandrequireexpectinsistaskThese words all mean to say that somebody should do or have something.demand to make a very strong request for something; to say very definitely that somebody should have or do something:She demanded an immediate explanation.require [often passive] (rather formal) to make somebody do or have something, especially because it is necessary according to a law or set of rules or standards:All candidates will be required to take a short test.expect to demand that somebody should do, have or be something, especially because it is their duty or responsibility:I expect to be paid promptly for the work.insist to demand that something happens or that somebody agrees to do something:I didn’t want to go but he insisted.We insist on the highest standards at all times.ask to expect or demand something:You’re asking too much of him. demand, expect or ask?用 demand、expect 还是 ask?Ask is not as strong as demand or expect, both of which can be more like a command.Patternsto demand/​require/​expect/​ask something of/​from somebodyto demand/​require/​expect/​insist/​ask that…to require/​expect/​ask somebody to do somethingto demand/​require/​expect/​ask a lot/​too much/​a great dealto be too much to expect/​askTopics Permission and obligationb2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverburgentlyreasonablygenerally…See full entry Word Originlate Middle English: from Old French requere, from Latin requirere, from re- (expressing intensive force) + quaerere ‘seek’.
断词:re‧quire
词源: require  1 require:需要;要求,命令  词根词缀: re-加强意义 + -quir-寻求 + -e  2 require:要求re-,表强调,-quir,要求,询问,词源同 query,question.  3 require:要求re-,表强调,-quir,要求,询问,词源同 query,question.
辨析: beg, implore, request, pray, require, claim, entreat, ask, demand 这组词都有“要求,请求”的意思,其区别是: beg: 指恳切地或再三地请求或要求,常含低三下四意味,也多用于应酬场合。 implore: 书面用词,着重指迫切、焦急或痛苦地恳求或哀求,常含较强的感情色彩。 request: 正式用词,指非常正式,有礼貌的请求或恳求,多含担心因种种原因对方不能答应的意味。 pray: 语气庄重,指热情、诚恳和敬祈的要求,现不很常用。 require: 强调根据事业、需要或纪律、法律等而提出的要求。 claim: 指有权或宣称有权得到而公开提出的要求。 entreat: 泛指一般“恳求或哀求”,含企图说服对方或用热烈的请求软化反对意见的意味。 ask: 最普通用词,指向对方提出要求或请求,长、晚辈,上下级之间都可使用。 demand: 一般指理直气壮地提出强烈要求,或坚持不让对方拒绝的要求。 inquire, acquire, achieve, require inquire: 打听,询问。如:inquire a person’s name(问一个人的姓名) acquire: 取得,获得,学到。如:acquire knowledge (获得知识) achieve: (成功地)完成,实现。如:He will never achieve anything unless he works harder. (如他不努力工作,将会一事无成。) require: 需要。如:We require more help. (我们需要更多的帮助。) need, require, lack, want 这组词都有“缺少、短少”的意思,其区别是: need: 语气较重,指需要必不可少的东西,强调急需。 require: 使用广泛,语气较轻。强调急需时可与need换用,但有时暗示所需的人或物是完成某一任务必不可少的。 lack: 指完全短缺或数量不足。 want: 侧重缺少某种必需之物,或个人渴望得到的东西。
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所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:15
中文释义2:
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