红宝书：【英】 v./n.放弃(to give up completely; desert, forsake)；放纵(unrestrained freedom or emotion)【考】 inhibition: abandon / agitation: tranquility(禁欲不放纵 / 躁动不宁静)abandon : inhibition / despair : hope(放纵无禁止/绝望无 希望)【记】 尤其要记住GRE中常考 的'放纵'一义(abando ned behavior)【同】 n. abandonment
字源：abandon (v.) late 14c., "to give up, surrender (oneself or something), give over utterly; to yield (oneself) utterly (to religion, fornication, etc.)," from Old French abandoner (12c.), from adverbial phrase à bandon "at will, at discretion," from à "at, to" (see ad-) + bandon "power, jurisdiction," from Latin bannum, "proclamation," from a Frankish word related to ban (v.).Mettre sa forest à bandon was a feudal law phrase in the 13th cent. = mettre sa forêt à permission, i.e. to open it freely to any one for pasture or to cut wood in; hence the later sense of giving up one's rights for a time, letting go, leaving, abandoning. [Auguste Brachet, "An Etymological Dictionary of the French Language," transl. G.W. Kitchin, Oxford, 1878]Etymologically, the word carries a sense of "put someone under someone else's control." Meaning "to give up absolutely" is from late 14c. Related: Abandoned; abandoning.abandon (n.) "a letting loose, surrender to natural impulses," 1822, from a sense in French abandon (see abandon (v.). Borrowed earlier (c.1400) from French in a sense "(someone's) control;" and compare Middle English adverbial phrase at abandon, i.e. "recklessly," attested from late 14c.
不择手段背单词：vt. /n. 放弃, 遗弃 = forsake; 放纵【例】Do not abandon yourself to drinking 不要沉溺于饮酒.【记】a+band乐队+on, 一个乐队在舞台上. 想想黑豹、唐朝、零点等疯狂的摇滚乐队, 不仅他们在放纵, 你们听他们的歌本身也是一种放纵.【类】inhibition: abandon = agitation: tranquility禁欲不放纵 = 激动不宁静calmness: frenzy = despair: hope 平静不狂暴 = 绝望不希望frenzy: calm = abandon: prohibit 使平静消除狂暴 = 禁止消除放任【反】salvage(vt 海上救助)
趣味全助记：【记】看成ab否定 + band 带子，约束+ on，不约束，放纵