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只是只猫 发布时间:2021-08-03 02:56:24

新《考研词汇词根+联想记忆法(乱序版)》

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正面:minor
US:[ˈmaɪnɚ]
UK:[ˈmaɪnə]
释义:adj.小…;【乐】小调的;较次的;未成年的n.【乐】小调;【法】未成年者;【天主】方济各派修道士;(美大学)副科v.(美大学)兼修网络副修;较小的;次要的
分布:minor[ˈmaɪnə(r)]CET4CET6TEM4考研IELTSj26261331718561769305233073333n866325023201805531002447ADJ2161625413NOUN6650114812Spoken:240415102minors[1462]未成年人(32%),次要的(20%),较小的(17%),轻微的(16%),辅修(12%),辅修科目(3%)adj.未成年的;次要的;较小的;小调的;二流的n.未成年人;小调;副修科目vi.副修n.(Minor)人名;(英)迈纳;(德、法、波、俄)米诺尔
中文释义:minor adjective OPAL W /ˈmaɪnə(r)/ /ˈmaɪnər/   [usually before noun] not very large, important or serious较小的;次要的;轻微的The new plan involves widening a minor road through the valley.Both the driver and the passenger suffered minor injuries.You may need to undergo minor surgery.Most of these youths are in prison for minor offences.minor modifications/adjustmentsThere may be some minor changes to the schedule.时间安排上也许会有些微的变动。Women played a relatively minor role in the organization.在这个组织中,妇女发挥着相对次要的作用。The minor characters in the story are all well drawn. When you drive a classic car, you expect a few minor problems. opposite majorHomophones miner | minorminer   minor /ˈmaɪnə(r)/ /ˈmaɪnər/miner nounHe started work as a coal miner at 14.minor adjectiveThe novel is now regarded as a minor classic.minor nounShe arrived in the country as an unaccompanied minor.Extra ExamplesThat's a relatively minor matter. We can leave it till later.This is a very minor operation and there is very little risk involved.A minor snag is that it's expensive.His only injuries were some minor scratches above his eye.Minor skirmishes broke out all along the border.The CD contains a number of delightful short pieces by minor composers.The letter's survival is something of a minor miracle.These are minor quibbles in a film that really works for me.Adverse weather had been a minor inconvenience at times.In many ways this film is a minor miracle.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsbeseemadverbextremelyfairlyvery…See full entry (music音乐) based on a scale in which the third note is a semitone / half step higher than the second note小调的;小音阶的the key of C minorC 小调 compare majorTopics Musicc1 Word OriginMiddle English: from Latin, ‘smaller, less’; related to minuere ‘lessen’. The term originally denoted a Franciscan friar, suggested by the Latin name Fratres Minores (‘Lesser Brethren’), chosen by St Francis for the order.minor noun /ˈmaɪnə(r)/ /ˈmaɪnər/ (law法律) a person who is under the age at which you legally become an adult and are responsible for your actions未成年人It is an offence to serve alcohol to minors.向未成年人提供含酒精的饮料是违法的。Homophones miner | minorminer   minor /ˈmaɪnə(r)/ /ˈmaɪnər/miner nounHe started work as a coal miner at 14.minor adjectiveThe novel is now regarded as a minor classic.minor nounShe arrived in the country as an unaccompanied minor.Wordfinderadolescentageelderlygenerationinfantjuvenilemiddle-agedminorteenageyoungTopics Life stagesc2 (especially North American English) a subject that you study at university in addition to your major辅修科目;辅修课程Topics Educationc1 Word OriginMiddle English: from Latin, ‘smaller, less’; related to minuere ‘lessen’. The term originally denoted a Franciscan friar, suggested by the Latin name Fratres Minores (‘Lesser Brethren’), chosen by St Francis for the order.minor verb /ˈmaɪnə(r)/ /ˈmaɪnər/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they minor /ˈmaɪnə(r)/ /ˈmaɪnər/ he / she / it minors /ˈmaɪnəz/ /ˈmaɪnərz/ past simple minored /ˈmaɪnəd/ /ˈmaɪnərd/ past participle minored /ˈmaɪnəd/ /ˈmaɪnərd/ -ing form minoring /ˈmaɪnərɪŋ/ /ˈmaɪnərɪŋ/ Phrasal Verbs Phrasal Verbsminor in
断词:mi‧nor
词源: minor  1 minor:未成年人,副修科目;[乐]小调,小音阶来源于拉丁语parv(小的)的阳性和阴性比较级minor。 词根词缀: -min-小 + -or形容词词尾  2 minor:较小的,较少的,次要的来自拉丁语minor,较小的,次等的,来自PIE*mei,小的,词源同minute,minus.-or,比较级后缀。  3 minor:较小的,较少的,次要的来自拉丁语minor,较小的,次等的,来自PIE*mei,小的,词源同minute,minus.-or,比较级后缀。
辨析: minor, inferior, secondary, subordinate 这组词都有“次等”的意思,其区别是: minor: a较少的,较小的,较次要的,常含有轻微的但并非不重要的意思。  ➤ We agreed on everything in the contract, even minor points.   我们对合同中的一切问题,甚至是细枝末节都达成了一致。 inferior: a.次等的,较劣的,差的,当"下级"讲时,强调职位的高低;当"次等"讲时,指素质、质量等的低劣。  ➤ Most wine from Switzerland is inferior to wine from France.   产于瑞士的葡萄酒多数要比法国的差。 secondary: a.第二等的,次要的,强调在重要性或顺序上处于第二位。  ➤ My job is of secondary importance to my health.   我的工作比起身体来说不那么重要。 subordinate: a.次要的,从属的,下级的,强调主次地位或支配和隶属的关系。  ➤ He was always friendly to his subordinate officers.   她对下级官员一向和蔼可亲。 minor, negligible, minimal, marginal 这组词都有“不重要的,次要的”的意思,其区别是: minor: 多指与别的比较后显得不重要,或指较少、较小。 negligible: 指数量小,不重要,微不足道或可忽略不计。 minimal: 指最少、最低或最小。 marginal: 指处于边缘,幅度、范围小,故价值或重要性不大。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:1
中文释义2:
正面:contagious
US:[kənˈtedʒəs]
UK:[kənˈteɪdʒəs]
释义:adj.(疾病)接触传染的;患接触性传染病网络传染性的;有感染力的;会传染的
分布:contagious[kənˈteɪdʒəs]CET6TEM4GRETOEFLj118351229196242352225214ADJ1180539793Spoken:65223017传染性的(78%),感染性的(22%)adj.感染性的;会蔓延的
中文释义:contagious adjective /kənˈteɪdʒəs/ /kənˈteɪdʒəs/ a contagious disease spreads by close contact between people(疾病)接触传染的Scarlet fever is highly contagious.猩红热的接触传染性很强。 (figurative) His enthusiasm was contagious (= spread quickly to other people).他的热情富有感染力。a contagious laugh有感染力的笑声The new disease proved contagious.Topics Illnessc1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsbebecomeprove…adverbhighlyverySee full entry [not usually before noun] if a person is contagious, they have a disease that can be spread by close contact with other people患接触性传染病Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsbebecomeprove…adverbhighlyverySee full entry compare infectiousWord Originlate Middle English: from late Latin contagiosus, from contagio, from con- ‘together with’ + the base of tangere ‘to touch’.
断词:con‧ta‧gious
词源: contagious  1 contagious:传染的词根词缀: con-加强意义 + -tag-接触 + -i- + -ous形容词词尾  2 contagious:接触传染的来自contact,接触。
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:2
中文释义2:
正面:faithful
US:[ˈfeθfəl]
UK:[ˈfeɪθfəl]
释义:n.信徒adj.忠于;忠实的;正确的;忠贞的网络忠诚的;守信的;可靠的
分布:faithful[ˈfeɪθfl]CET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLj5064520771385015639141167ADJ5482160659NOUN56524464Spoken:32839503忠实的(64%),忠诚的(33%),忠贞的(3%)adj.忠实的,忠诚的;如实的;准确可靠的n.(Faithful)人名;(英)费思富尔
中文释义:faithful adjective /ˈfeɪθfl/ /ˈfeɪθfl/ staying with or supporting a particular person, organization or belief忠实的;忠诚的 synonym loyala faithful servant/friend/dog忠诚的仆人/朋友/狗She was rewarded for her 40 years' faithful service with the company.她为公司忠诚服务了 40 年,因而获得奖赏。I have been a faithful reader of your newspaper for many years.我是贵报多年来的忠实读者。 faithful to somebody/something He remained faithful to the ideals of the party.他对党的理想坚贞不移。Extra ExamplesHe has been a very faithful friend to me.soldiers who stayed faithful to the kingHis faithful old dog sat by his feet.a faithful worker/​correspondentTopics Personal qualitiesc1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsberemainstay…adverbextremelyveryabsolutely…prepositiontoSee full entry the faithful noun [plural] people who believe in a religion; strong supporters of a political party who will not change their views(宗教的)忠实信徒;(政党的)忠诚支持者The president will keep the support of the party faithful.总统将继续获得忠诚党员的拥护。More Like This Plural adjectival nounsPlural adjectival nounsthe blindthe deafthe destitutethe deadthe dyingthe elderlythe faithfulthe homelessthe injuredthe insanethe joblessthe middle agedthe oldthe poorthe richthe sickthe squeamishthe wealthythe wickedthe woundedthe youngTopics Religion and festivalsc2 (of a wife, husband or partner夫妻或性伴侣) faithful (to somebody) not having a sexual relationship with anyone else忠诚的;忠贞的He had remained entirely faithful to his wife. opposite unfaithfulOxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsberemainstay…adverbextremelyveryabsolutely…prepositiontoSee full entry true and accurate; not changing anything如实的;丝毫不变的a faithful copy/account/description精确的副本;如实的叙述/描述 faithful to something His translation manages to be faithful to the spirit of the original.他的译文做到了忠于原文的精神。Extra ExamplesThe film is quite faithful to the original novel.a faithful account of the events leading up to the tragedyIt was a faithful representation of his work.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsbeadverbextremelyfairlyvery…prepositiontoSee full entry [only before noun] able to be trusted; that you can rely on可信任的;可信赖的my faithful old car我那可靠的老爷车
断词:faith‧ful
词源: faithfulfaithful:忠诚的,忠实的;如实的词根词缀: -fid-信任→ faith + -ful形容词词尾
辨析: loyal, constant, faithful, true 这组词都有“忠实的”的意思,其区别是: loyal: 一般指对祖国、领袖的忠诚或对事业、原则、誓言的忠实,不动摇。 constant: 侧重指思想状态的稳定或信念的坚定,也指爱情或感情等的忠贞不渝。 faithful: 多指对人对事或对诺言、誓言的始终不渝,侧重在任何情况下都绝不改变。 true: 侧重个人感情上的忠实和不动摇。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:3
中文释义2:
正面:snobbish
US:[ˈsnɑbɪʃ]
UK:[ˈsnɒbɪʃ]
释义:adj.势利的;自命不凡的网络势利眼的;势力的;很势利的
分布:snobbish[ˈsnɒbɪʃ]CET6TEM4GREj328411141431272517ADJ399191996Spoken:28472278势利的(74%),自命不凡的(26%)adj.势利的
中文释义:snobbish adjective /ˈsnɒbɪʃ/ /ˈsnɑːbɪʃ/(also informal snobby /ˈsnɒbi/ /ˈsnɑːbi/) (disapproving) thinking that having a high social class is very important; feeling that you are better than other people because you are more intelligent or like things that many people do not like势利的;自命不凡的Extra ExamplesShe was quite snobbish about pop culture.He fell into the snobbish habit of connecting high social status with moral superiority.Snobbish universities are rejecting some of the country's brightest students.Oxford Collocations DictionarySnobbish is used with these nouns: disdainSee full entry
断词:snob‧bish
词源: snobbishsnobbish:势利的snob,势利眼,-ish,形容词后缀。
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:4
中文释义2:
正面:statistics
US:[stəˈtɪstɪks]
UK:[stəˈtɪstɪks]
释义:n.统计学;统计数字[资料];“statistic”的复数网络统计数据;统计资料;统计表
分布:statistics[stə'tɪstɪks]原型:statistics 是 statistic 的复数CET6TEM4TOEFLIELTSn2725133291747350233636495247NOUN2716468271Spoken:64223098统计(80%),统计数字(14%),统计学(6%)n.统计;统计学;[统计] 统计资料
中文释义:statistic noun OPAL W /stəˈtɪstɪk/ /stəˈtɪstɪk/   statistics(also informal stats) [plural] a collection of information shown in numbers统计数字;统计资料Analysis of crime statistics showed high levels of violent crime within the area.Statistics show that far more people are able to ride a bicycle than can drive a car.统计资料表明,会骑自行车的人比会开汽车的人多得多。These statistics are misleading.这些统计资料会引起误解。 according to statistics According to official statistics, the disease killed over 500 people.根据官方的统计数字,500 多人死于这种疾病。 statistics on something He should read some of the statistics on economic growth.Extra ExamplesThey do not keep statistics on the number of applications filed.According to the latest statistics from the Health and Safety Executive, 33 construction workers died last year.The latest set of economic statistics confirm an economy continuing to deliver strong growth.She thinks that the official unemployment statistics are not accurate. see also vital statisticsTopics Maths and measurementb1, Scientific researchb1   statistics(also informal stats) [uncountable] the science of collecting and analysing statistics统计学There is a compulsory course in statistics.有一门统计学的必修课。Topics Maths and measurementb1   (also informal stat) [countable] a piece of information shown in numbers(一项)统计数据An important statistic is that 94 per cent of crime relates to property.一个重要数据是 94% 的犯罪同财产有关。As with every statistic, there are trends behind the numbers. I felt I was no longer being treated as a person but as a statistic.我感觉我不再被看作人,而被看作一个统计数字了。 Word Originlate 18th cent.: from German statistisch (adjective), Statistik (noun).
断词:statistics
词源: statistics  1 statistics:统计学,统计数据来自德语 Statistik,统计学,等同于 statist,政治家,-ics,学问,学说。即管理国家的学问和学 说,而对国计民生的统计是制定政策和进行有效管理的基础,引申词义统计数据,统计学。  2 statistics:统计学;统计,统计表  词根词缀: -stat-站立,放置(→“政体”站立方式→国家) + -ist从事某项工作(此处:描绘国家所处状态)的人 + -ic名称词尾 + -s
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:5
中文释义2:
正面:alloy
US:[ˈælˌɔɪ]
UK:[ˈælɒi]
释义:n.合金v.把…铸成合金(尤指掺入一种价值低的金属)网络成色;合金牌号;合金级
分布:alloy[ˈælɔɪ]alloyed, alloying, alloysCET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLIELTSn12135122014106538126436v41438592731217NOUN6449121566VERB337093339Spoken:108381334alloys[253]合金(98%),使成合金(1%),有合金能力(1%)n.合金vt.使成合金;使减低成色vi.易于铸成合金n.(Alloy)人名;(英)阿洛伊
中文释义:alloy noun /ˈælɔɪ/ /ˈælɔɪ/[countable, uncountable] a metal that is formed by mixing two types of metal together, or by mixing metal with another substance合金Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc.黄铜是铜锌合金。alloy steelTopics Physics and chemistryc2Oxford Collocations DictionaryAlloy is used before these nouns: wheelAlloy is used after these nouns: coppermetalSee full entryWord Originlate 16th cent.: from Old French aloi (noun) and French aloyer (verb), both from Old French aloier, aleier ‘combine’, from Latin alligare ‘bind’. In early use the term denoted the comparative purity of gold or silver; the sense ‘mixture of metals’ arose in the mid 17th cent.alloy verb /əˈlɔɪ/ /əˈlɔɪ/(specialist)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they alloy /əˈlɔɪ/ /əˈlɔɪ/ he / she / it alloys /əˈlɔɪz/ /əˈlɔɪz/ past simple alloyed /əˈlɔɪd/ /əˈlɔɪd/ past participle alloyed /əˈlɔɪd/ /əˈlɔɪd/ -ing form alloying /əˈlɔɪɪŋ/ /əˈlɔɪɪŋ/ alloy something (with something) to mix one metal with another, especially one of lower value把…铸成合金(尤指掺入一种价值较低的金属)The copper was alloyed with tin to make bronze.Word Originlate 16th cent.: from Old French aloi (noun) and French aloyer (verb), both from Old French aloier, aleier ‘combine’, from Latin alligare ‘bind’. In early use the term denoted the comparative purity of gold or silver; the sense ‘mixture of metals’ arose in the mid 17th cent.
断词:al‧loy
词源: alloy  1 alloy:合金词根词缀: al-加强意义 + loy(=-ly-)捆,约束 → 多种元素捆在一起 → 合金  2 alloy:合金前缀al-同ad-. -loy同词根lig, 绑,组合。特指把贵金属和贱金属合在一起冶炼。
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:6
中文释义2:
正面:ridiculous
US:[rɪˈdɪkjələs]
UK:[rɪˈdɪkjuləs]
释义:adj.愚蠢的;荒谬的;荒唐的网络可笑的;滑稽的;可笑的,荒漠的
分布:ridiculous[rɪˈdɪkjələs]CET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLIELTSj40757356227024589591307362ADJ4597212362Spoken:168525896荒谬的(56%),可笑的(44%)adj.可笑的;荒谬的
中文释义:ridiculous adjective  /rɪˈdɪkjələs/ /rɪˈdɪkjələs/(also also informal ridic /rɪˈdɪk/ /rɪˈdɪk/)Idioms very silly or unreasonable愚蠢的;荒谬的;荒唐的 synonym absurd, ludicrousI look ridiculous in this hat.我戴这顶帽子看上去很可笑。Don't be ridiculous! You can't pay £50 for a T-shirt!别犯傻了!怎么能花 50 英镑买一件 T 恤衫!It was ridiculous that this should be so difficult to say.They ate and drank a ridiculous amount.Extra ExamplesThe whole idea was patently ridiculous.The whole situation appealed to her sense of the ridiculous.This is getting ridiculous!Don't be so ridiculous!It's ridiculous to suggest that she was involved in anything illegal.That's the most ridiculous thing I've ever heard.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsbefeellook…adverbreallyabsolutelycompletely…phrasesa sense of the ridiculousSee full entryWord Originmid 16th cent.: from Latin ridiculosus, from ridiculus ‘laughable’, from ridere ‘to laugh’. Idioms from the sublime to the ridiculous used to describe a situation in which something serious, important or of high quality is followed by something silly, unimportant or of poor quality从高超到荒谬;从高妙到低俗
断词:ri‧dic‧u‧lous
词源: ridiculous  1 ridiculous:荒谬的,可笑的来源于拉丁语形容词ridiculus, -a, -um可笑的 词根词缀: -rid-嘲笑 + -i- + -cule名词词尾(e略) + -ous形容词词尾  2 ridiculous:愚蠢的,荒唐的来自 riducule,嘲笑,嘲弄。
辨析: ridiculous, silly, absurd 这组词都有“愚蠢,可笑”的意思,其区别是: ridiculous: a.荒唐可笑的,指因为愚昧无知而令人发笑并成为笑柄,含有蔑视成分。  ➤ It is ridiculous to judge a foreign culture only by its food.   仅仅根据一个国家的饮食来评价该国家的文化是荒唐可笑的。 silly: a.愚蠢的,傻的,指由于单纯或者头脑简单而显得愚蠢。  ➤ a silly little boy   傻小子 absurd: a.荒谬的,可笑的,指因不符合常识、违反真理或不合逻辑而令人发笑。  ➤ There was an absurd idea that the earth was flat and motionless.   过去曾经有一种荒谬的观点认为地球呈扁平状而且静止不动。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:7
中文释义2:
正面:specialty
US:[ˈspɛʃəltɪ]
UK:[ˈspeʃəlti]
释义:n.专业;特点;特性;专长网络招牌菜;特长;特产
分布:specialty[ˈspeʃəlti]CET6n45956347443579191821811226NOUN3753288736Spoken:48794912specialties[480]专业(67%),专长(15%),特产(13%),特性(3%),特别(2%)n.专业,专长;特产;特性;招牌菜adj.特色的;专门的;独立的
中文释义:specialty noun /ˈspeʃəlti/ /ˈspeʃəlti/ (especially North American English or medical医学) (British English usually speciality) (plural specialties) a type of food or product that a restaurant or place is famous for because it is so good特产;特色菜regional specialties地方特产specialty stores特产商店Topics Cooking and eatingc1 an area of work or study that somebody gives most of their attention to and knows a lot about; something that somebody is good at专业;专长Her specialty is taxation law.她的专长是税法。Doctors training for general practice must complete programmes in a number of specialties, including paediatrics.接受全科培训的医生必须修完包括儿科学在内的多门专业课程。Telling jokes is my specialty! Word OriginMiddle English (denoting special affection or attachment): shortening of Old French especialte, from especial ‘especial’ (see special).
断词:spe‧cial‧ty
词源: specialty  1 specialty:特产,特色special,特殊的,特别的,-ty,名词后缀。  2 specialty:专业,专长;特制品词根词缀: -spec-特别 + -ial形容词词尾 + -ty名词词尾
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:8
中文释义2:
正面:speciality
US:[ˌspɛʃɪˈælətɪ]
UK:[ˌspeʃiˈæləti]
释义:n.专业;特色菜;特产;专长网络特性;特长;特殊性
分布:speciality[ˌspeʃiˈæləti]CET4CET6TEM4考研IELTSn257702333533308946NOUN1401827981Spoken:124531060专长(100%)n.专业,专长;特性
中文释义:speciality noun /ˌspeʃiˈæləti/ /ˌspeʃiˈæləti/ (British English) (also specialty North American English, British English) (plural specialities) a type of food or product that a restaurant or place is famous for because it is so good特产;特色菜Seafood is a speciality on the island.海味是岛上的特产。local specialities土特产a speciality cheese shop (= one that sells many different types of cheese)Haggis is a Scottish speciality.The drink is a house speciality prepared at the table.You can find their product in speciality retailers.Wordfinderà la cartecoursecuisinemenuorderreservationrestaurantservice chargespecialitywaiterTopics Cooking and eatingc1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivelocalregionalhouse…speciality/​specialty + nounfoodproductretailer…See full entry an area of work or study that somebody gives most of their attention to and knows a lot about; something that somebody is good at专业;专长My speciality is international tax law.我的专业是国际税法。 Word Originlate Middle English (denoting the quality of being special or distinctive): from Old French especialite or late Latin specialitas, from Latin specialis, from species ‘appearance’, from specere ‘to look’.
断词:spe‧ci‧al‧i‧ty
词源: specialityspeciality:专业,专长;特质,特性  词根词缀: -spec-特别 + -ial形容词词尾 + -ity名词词尾
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:9
中文释义2:
正面:acquisition
US:[ˌækwɪˈzɪʃən]
UK:[ˌækwɪˈzɪʃən]
释义:n.收购;购置;(知识、技能等的)获得;(多指贵重的)购得物网络习得;取得;获得物
分布:acquisition[ˌækwɪˈzɪʃn]CET4TEM4考研TOEFLIELTSn38867826353301150923533310NOUN2783449497Spoken:83921996acquisitions[538]采集(75%),获得(24%),所获之物(1%)n.获得物,获得;收购
中文释义:acquisition noun OPAL W /ˌækwɪˈzɪʃn/ /ˌækwɪˈzɪʃn/  [uncountable] the act of getting something, especially knowledge, a skill, etc.(知识、技能等的)获得,得到theories of child language acquisition幼儿语言习得的理论Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivebigmajorsubstantial…verb + acquisitioncompletemakeSee full entry  [countable] something that somebody buys to add to what they already own, usually something valuable(多指贵重的)购得物His latest acquisition is a racehorse.他最近购得一匹赛马。The money will be spent on acquisitions for the university library.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivebigmajorsubstantial…verb + acquisitioncompletemakeSee full entry  [countable, uncountable] (business商业) a company, piece of land, etc. bought by somebody, especially another company; the act of buying it购置物;收购的公司;购置的产业;购置;收购They have made acquisitions in several EU countries.他们在几个欧盟国家购买了一些产业。the acquisition of shares by employees雇员购股The group has announced its first overseas acquisition: a successful software company.The company has just made another acquisition.WordfinderacquisitionbidbrokercontractdealmergernegotiationofferproposaltakeoverTopics Businessc1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivebigmajorsubstantial…verb + acquisitioncompletemakeSee full entry Word Originlate Middle English (in the sense ‘act of acquiring something’): from Latin acquisitio(n-), from the verb acquirere ‘get in addition’, from ad- ‘to’ + quaerere ‘seek’. The English spelling was modified (c.1600) by association with the Latin word.
断词:ac‧qui‧si‧tion
词源: acquisitionacquisition:获得,获得物 词根词缀: ac-来,临近 + -quis-寻求 + -ition名词词尾
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:10
中文释义2:
正面:manuscript
US:[ˈmænjᴜskrɪpt]
UK:[ˈmænjʊskrɪpt]
释义:n.手稿;原稿;(印刷术发明以前书籍或文献的)手写本adj.手抄的网络底稿;手抄本;文稿
分布:manuscript[ˈmænjuskrɪpt]CET6TEM4考研GREIELTSn5168538723810167095152909NOUN6297126727Spoken:53494249manuscripts[904]手稿(72%),原稿(27%),手抄的(1%)n.[图情] 手稿;原稿adj.手写的
中文释义:manuscript noun  /ˈmænjuskrɪpt/ /ˈmænjuskrɪpt/(abbreviation MS)  a copy of a book, piece of music, etc. before it has been printed手稿;原稿an unpublished/original manuscript未经发表的/原始的手稿 in manuscript I read her poems in manuscript.我读过她的诗作的手稿。Extra ExamplesHe submitted the manuscript to an editor at Longman.He was delighted when the manuscript was accepted for publication.I only have one copy of the manuscript.The text ran to dozens of pages in manuscript form.the original autograph manuscript of the poemOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveoriginalautographhandwritten…… of manuscriptcopyverb + manuscriptwritepreparetype…manuscript + nounpageformsubmission…prepositionin manuscriptSee full entry  a very old book or document that was written by hand before printing was invented(印刷术发明以前书籍或文献的)手写本,手抄本medieval illuminated manuscripts中世纪装饰精美的手抄本Extra Examplesthe surviving manuscript of ‘Beowulf’One contemporary manuscript shows Henry II crowned by the hand of Christ.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveancientearlymedieval…manuscript + verbsurvivemanuscript + nounilluminationcollectionSee full entry Word Originlate 16th cent.: from medieval Latin manuscriptus, from manu ‘by hand’ + scriptus ‘written’ (past participle of scribere).
断词:man‧u‧script
词源: manuscript  1 manuscript:手稿,原稿manu-,手,-script,写,词源同script,describe.引申词义手稿,原稿。  2 manuscript:手稿,原稿词根词缀: -manu-手 + -script-写
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:11
中文释义2:
正面:disposition
US:[ˌdɪspəˈzɪʃən]
UK:[dɪspəˈzɪʃən]
释义:n.倾向;性情;性格;布置网络处置;气质;处理
分布:disposition[ˌdɪspəˈzɪʃn]CET6TEM4考研GRETOEFLIELTSn733730581543624422051895NOUN748692597Spoken:88761824性情(35%),处置(27%),倾向(25%),安排(7%),控制(6%)n.处置;[心理] 性情;[军] 部署;倾向
中文释义:disposition noun /ˌdɪspəˈzɪʃn/ /ˌdɪspəˈzɪʃn/ [countable, usually singular] (formal) the natural qualities of a person’s character性格;性情 synonym temperamentto have a cheerful disposition性情开朗people of a nervous disposition神经质的人Extra ExamplesThese dogs show a very sociable disposition.This film is not recommended for those of a nervous disposition.Some scenes aren't recommended for viewers of a nervous disposition.Tom was everybody's favourite with his bouncy, cheerful disposition.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecheerfulcheeryhappy…verb + dispositionhaveshowprepositionof a… dispositionSee full entry [countable, usually singular] disposition to/towards something | disposition to do something (formal) a quality of tending to behave in a particular way倾向;意向to have/show a disposition towards violence有/表现出暴力倾向Do people have a natural disposition to be good? [countable, usually singular] (formal) the way something is placed or arranged排列;布置;安排 synonym arrangement [countable, uncountable] (law法律) a formal act of giving property or money to somebody(财产、金钱的)处置,让与 Word Originlate Middle English: via Old French from Latin dispositio(n-), from disponere ‘arrange’, influenced by dispositus ‘arranged’ and Old French poser ‘to place’.
断词:dis‧po‧si‧tion
词源: dispositiondisposition:排列,部署;意向,倾向;性情,性格 词根词缀: dis-分离,分开 + -posit-放置 + -ion名词词尾
辨析: nature, complexion, personality, disposition, character, temper 这组词都有“性格、气质、性情、习性”的意思,其区别是: nature: 指天生的、不可改变性格。 complexion: 指由思维方式、态度和情绪所决定的本质特征。 personality: 主要指一个人稳定的心理特征。 disposition: 书面用词,指人的主要爱好或思想、精神方面的重要习性、气质。也可指短暂的情绪。 character: 指对个性或人格所作出的客观评价,常常与道德有关。 temper: 指从感情方面体现出来,决定处理问题或应付形势的方式的性格或性情,这种性情可以是暂时的也可以长久的。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:12
中文释义2:
正面:salute
US:[səˈlut]
UK:[səˈlu:t]
释义:n.致敬;致意;(尤指士兵和军官之间的)敬礼;鸣礼炮v.致敬;(尤指军队中)敬礼;表示敬意网络行礼;欢迎;行礼致敬
分布:salute[səˈlu:t]saluted, saluting, salutesCET4CET6TEM4考研GREIELTSn11451129615253724029671v91591892333634430364131VERB1291233009NOUN1585721559Spoken:43126075saluted[295] salutes[446] saluting[437]致敬(45%),敬礼(24%),行礼(10%),致意(10%),欢迎(8%),问候(3%)n.致敬,欢迎;敬礼vt.行礼致敬,欢迎vi.致意,打招呼;行礼
中文释义:salute verb /səˈluːt/ /səˈluːt/ Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they salute /səˈluːt/ /səˈluːt/ he / she / it salutes /səˈluːts/ /səˈluːts/ past simple saluted /səˈluːtɪd/ /səˈluːtɪd/ past participle saluted /səˈluːtɪd/ /səˈluːtɪd/ -ing form saluting /səˈluːtɪŋ/ /səˈluːtɪŋ/ [intransitive, transitive] to touch the side of your head with the fingers of your right hand to show respect, especially in the armed forces(尤指军队中)敬礼The sergeant stood to attention and saluted.中士立正敬礼。 salute somebody/something to salute the flag/an officer向旗帜/长官敬礼Topics War and conflictc2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbcrisplysharplysmartly…prepositionwithSee full entry [transitive] salute somebody/something (formal) to show that you respect and admire somebody/something 致敬;表示敬意synonym acknowledgeThe players saluted the fans before leaving the field.球员在退场前向球迷致意。The president saluted the courage of those who had fought for their country.总统对那些为国战斗者的英勇精神表示敬意。He saluted Pippa with a graceful bend of his head.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbcrisplysharplysmartly…prepositionwithSee full entry Word Originlate Middle English: from Latin salutare ‘greet, pay one's respects to’, from salus, salut- ‘health, welfare, greeting’; the noun partly from Old French salut.salute noun /səˈluːt/ /səˈluːt/ Idioms [countable] the action of raising your right hand to the side of your head as a sign of respect, especially between soldiers and officers(尤指士兵和军官之间的)敬礼He returned the salute as he passed the line of guards.Extra ExamplesThe Admiral snapped a sharp salute.The sentry gave a smart salute and waved us on.Topics War and conflictc2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivemilitarynavalfascist…verb + salutegive (somebody)snapthrow…See full entry [countable, uncountable] a thing that you say or do to show that you respect and admire somebody/something or to welcome somebody致敬;致意He raised his hat as a friendly salute.他举帽亲切致意。 salute to somebody/something His first words were a salute to the people of South Africa.他开口首先向南非人民致敬。The occasion was organized as a salute to a century of change. in salute They all raised their glasses in salute.他们都举杯致意。 salute from somebody The retiring editor received a special salute from the local newspaper.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivefinallast21-gun…prepositionin salutesalute fromsalute to…See full entry [countable] an official occasion when guns are fired into the air to show respect for an important person鸣礼炮;鸣炮致敬a 21-gun salute鸣炮 21 响的礼仪Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivefinallast21-gun…prepositionin salutesalute fromsalute to…See full entry Word Originlate Middle English: from Latin salutare ‘greet, pay one's respects to’, from salus, salut- ‘health, welfare, greeting’; the noun partly from Old French salut.Idioms take the salute when an officer or important person takes the salute, soldiers walk past him or her saluting and the officer salutes backThe Queen took the salute as the guardsmen marched past.
断词:sa‧lute
词源: salute  1 salute(致敬):罗马神话中的健康女神萨卢斯萨卢斯(Salus)是罗马神话中的健康女神,掌管健康、幸福和兴盛。对应于希腊神话中的许癸厄亚(Hygieia)。在古罗马因其司属而得到古罗马人广泛崇拜与供奉,并以每年八月五日进行相关活动。 英语单词salute就来自萨卢斯的名字Salus,本意是“wish health to”(祝健康)。于此同源的单词还有salutary(有益的)、salutation(致敬)。 salute: [sə'l(j)uːt] v.n.行礼,致敬,欢迎 salutation:[,sæljʊ'teɪʃ(ə)n] n.称呼,致敬,问候,招呼 salutary:['sæljʊt(ə)rɪ] adj.有益的,有用的,有益健康的  2 salute:致意,致敬,敬礼来自拉丁语 salutare,致意,打招呼,表达尊重或尊敬,来自 salutis,健康的,有益处的,来自
辨析: hail, salute, address, welcome, greet 这组词都有“欢迎、致敬,致意,招呼”的意思,其区别是: hail: 主要指怀着敬意欢迎某人,侧重欢快轻松和嘈杂。也指隔得较远的高声招呼。 salute: 正式用词,指用敬礼、亲吻或挥帽等动作向他人致意或问候,尤指以某种礼节欢迎某人。 address: 侧重打招呼的方式或指所使用的称谓。 welcome: 多指热情的官方的或正式的迎接或欢迎,但也指一般的欢迎。 greet: 常指友好而热诚地欢迎。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:13
中文释义2:
正面:distort
US:[dɪˈstɔrt]
UK:[dɪˈstɔ:t]
释义:v.扭曲;歪曲;使变形;使失真网络曲解;弄歪;扭曲变形
分布:distort[dɪˈstɔ:t]distorted, distorting, distortsCET6TEM4考研GRETOEFLIELTSv671731624185026993991144VERB926063306Spoken:71552581distorted[1602] distorting[290] distorts[215]扭曲(65%),歪曲(24%),变形(11%)vt.扭曲;使失真;曲解vi.扭曲;变形
中文释义:distort verb  /dɪˈstɔːt/ /dɪˈstɔːrt/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they distort /dɪˈstɔːt/ /dɪˈstɔːrt/ he / she / it distorts /dɪˈstɔːts/ /dɪˈstɔːrts/ past simple distorted /dɪˈstɔːtɪd/ /dɪˈstɔːrtɪd/ past participle distorted /dɪˈstɔːtɪd/ /dɪˈstɔːrtɪd/ -ing form distorting /dɪˈstɔːtɪŋ/ /dɪˈstɔːrtɪŋ/  distort something to change the shape, appearance or sound of something so that it is strange or not clear使变形;扭曲;使失真a fairground mirror that distorts your shape露天游乐场的哈哈镜The loudspeaker seemed to distort his voice.他的声音从喇叭里传出来好像失真了。  distort something to change facts, ideas, etc. so that they are no longer correct or true歪曲;曲解Newspapers are often guilty of distorting the truth.报章常犯歪曲事实的错误。Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbgrosslyseriouslyseverely…See full entry Word Originlate 15th cent. (in the sense ‘twist to one side’): from Latin distort- ‘twisted apart’, from the verb distorquere, from dis- ‘apart’ + torquere ‘to twist’.
断词:dis‧tort
词源: distort  1 distort:扭曲dis-, 加强,完全的。-tort, 弯曲,词源同turn, contort. 即完全弯曲的,扭曲的。  2 distort:使变形;曲解;歪曲词根词缀: dis-分离,分开 + -tort-扭,拧 → 扭离原形
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:14
中文释义2:
正面:toil
US:[tɔɪl]
UK:[tɔɪl]
释义:v.跋涉;(长时间)苦干;艰难缓慢地移动n.苦工;劳累的工作网络辛苦;辛劳;劳苦
分布:toil[tɔɪl]toiled, toiling, toilsCET6TEM4GREIELTSv1342996165205288301102n20538394241068067117VERB1931114020NOUN2036112359Spoken:79812162toiled[402] toiling[356]辛苦(51%),苦工(15%),圈套(11%),苦干(7%),费力地做(6%),罗网(5%),跋涉(5%)n.辛苦;苦工;网;圈套vt.费力地做;使…过度劳累vi.辛苦工作;艰难地行进
中文释义:toil verb /tɔɪl/ /tɔɪl/(formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they toil /tɔɪl/ /tɔɪl/ he / she / it toils /tɔɪlz/ /tɔɪlz/ past simple toiled /tɔɪld/ /tɔɪld/ past participle toiled /tɔɪld/ /tɔɪld/ -ing form toiling /ˈtɔɪlɪŋ/ /ˈtɔɪlɪŋ/ [intransitive] to work very hard and/or for a long time, usually doing hard physical work(长时间)苦干,辛勤劳作 synonym slaveHundreds of men toiled for years at building the pyramid.She toils tirelessly for various charities. [intransitive] + adv./prep. to move slowly and with difficulty艰难缓慢地移动;跋涉 synonym slogThey toiled up the hill in the blazing sun.他们冒着炎炎烈日艰难地一步一步爬上山冈。 Word OriginMiddle English (in the senses ‘contend verbally’ and ‘strife’): from Anglo-Norman French toiler ‘strive, dispute’, toil ‘confusion’, from Latin tudiculare ‘stir about’, from tudicula ‘machine for crushing olives’, related to tundere ‘crush’.toil noun /tɔɪl/ /tɔɪl/[uncountable] (formal or literary) hard, unpleasant work that makes you very tired苦工;劳累的工作a life of hardship and toil艰难劳苦的一生Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveback-breakinggrindinghard…phraseshours, years, etc. of toilsweat and toilSee full entry see also toilsWord OriginMiddle English (in the senses ‘contend verbally’ and ‘strife’): from Anglo-Norman French toiler ‘strive, dispute’, toil ‘confusion’, from Latin tudiculare ‘stir about’, from tudicula ‘machine for crushing olives’, related to tundere ‘crush’.
断词:toil
词源: toil  1 toil:网,罗网,圈套来自中古法语 toile,网,罗网,来自拉丁语 tela,网,来自 PIE*teks, 编织,纺织,词源同 texture,textile.拼写比较 regulate,rule.引申词义圈套。  2 toil:辛劳,苦干来自中古英语 toilen,辛劳,辛苦,部分来自古英语 tilian,努力,劳作,耕地,词源同 till,耕地。  3 toil:网,罗网,圈套来自中古法语 toile,网,罗网,来自拉丁语 tela,网,来自 PIE*teks, 编织,纺织,词源同 texture,textile.拼写比较 regulate,rule.引申词义圈套。
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:核心单词 Word List 01
序号:15
中文释义2:
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