优质 ⭐新东方《六级词汇词根+联想记忆法(乱序版)》
英语 英语六级 六级词汇
大学 / 英语
2022六级词汇乱序版.apkg
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只是只猫 发布时间:2021-07-16 15:58:03

《六级词汇词根+联想记忆法(乱序版)》

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正面:author
US:[ˈɔθɚ]
UK:[ˈɔ:θə]
释义:n.作者;作家;著者;发起人v.编写;写作;著作网络创始人;创造者;作者名
分布:author[ˈɔ:θə(r)]authored, authoring, authorsCET4CET6TEM4考研v13358100414629231204394n685644038162409521669944421033NOUN10071546550VERB1040350601Spoken:33049420authors[1467]作者(74%),作家(21%),创作(2%),编写(2%),上帝(1%)n.作者;作家;创始人vt.创作出版
中文释义:author noun OPAL WOPAL S /ˈɔːθə(r)/ /ˈɔːθər/   a person who writes books or the person who wrote a particular book著者;作者;作家Who is your favourite author?你最喜欢哪位作家?He is the author of three books on art.他写了三本艺术专著。best-selling author Paul Theroux畅销书作家保罗 · 泰鲁the lead author of the reportthe author of a novel/study/articleWho's the author?作者是谁?According to report author Matt Blaze, the technique requires no special skill.Really quick author's note: This is the last chapter of the story. The film is based on a novel written by a female author.The report's authors point to a recent study of American college students.WordfinderauthorbookclassiccriticdramafictiongenreliteraturepoetrywriteCollocations LiteratureLiterature文学Being a writer当作家write/​publish literature/​poetry/​fiction/​a book/​a story/​a poem/​a novel/​a review/​an autobiography写/发表文学作品/诗集/小说/书/故事/诗歌/长篇小说/评论/自传become a writer/​novelist/​playwright成为作家/小说家/剧作家find/​have a publisher/​an agent找到/有出版商/代理人have a new book out出版一部新书edit/​revise/​proofread a book/​text/​manuscript编辑/修订/校对书/文章/原稿dedicate a book/​poem to…把一本书/一首诗献给…Plot, character and atmosphere情节、人物和氛围construct/​create/​weave/​weave something into a complex narrative构思/创作/编写/把某事编成一部复杂的叙事小说advance/​drive the plot推进故事情节的发展introduce/​present the protagonist/​a character介绍主人公/一个人物describe/​depict/​portray a character (as…)/(somebody as) a hero/​villain描述人物/英雄/坏蛋;把一个人物描绘成…;把某人描绘成英雄/坏蛋create an exciting/​a tense atmosphere营造一种令人兴奋/紧张的气氛build/​heighten the suspense/​tension制造/增加悬念/紧张气氛evoke/​capture the pathos of the situation唤起对这种状况的同情convey emotion/​an idea/​an impression/​a sense of…传达…情感/思想;给人…印象/感觉engage the reader吸引读者seize/​capture/​grip the (reader’s) imagination抓住(读者的)想象力arouse/​elicit emotion/​sympathy (in the reader)唤起(读者的)情感/同情lack imagination/​emotion/​structure/​rhythm缺乏想象力/情感/精心组织/节奏感Language, style and imagery语言、风格和形象语言use/​employ language/​imagery/​humour/(US English) humor/​an image/​a symbol/​a metaphor/​a device使用语言/形象语言/幽默/意象/象征/暗喻/手段use/​adopt/​develop a style/​technique使用/采用/形成一种风格/技巧be rich in/​be full of symbolism富含象征意义evoke images of…/a sense of…/a feeling of…唤起…的形象/感觉create/​achieve an effect创造/取得效果maintain/​lighten the tone维持/缓和基调introduce/​develop an idea/​a theme引入/发展一种思想/一个主题inspire a novel/​a poet/​somebody’s work/​somebody’s imagination促成小说的创作;给诗人以灵感;促成某人作品的诞生;激发某人的想象力Reading and criticism阅读与评论read an author/​somebody’s work/​fiction/​poetry/​a text/​a poem/​a novel/​a chapter/​a passage读一个作家的作品/某人的著作/小说/诗集/一篇文章/一首诗/一部小说/一个章节/一段文章review a book/​a novel/​somebody’s work评论一本书/一部小说/某人的作品give something/​get/​have/​receive a good/​bad review给予/得到好评/恶评be hailed (as)/be recognized as a masterpiece被誉为一部杰作quote a(n) phrase/​line/​stanza/​passage/​author引用一个短语/一行诗/一节诗/一段文章/作者的话provoke/​spark discussion/​criticism引发讨论/评论study/​interpret/​understand a text/​passage研读/解读/理解一篇文章/一段文章translate somebody’s work/​a text/​a passage/​a novel/​a poem翻译某人的作品/一篇文章/一段文章/一部小说/一首诗Extra ExamplesHer ambition was to become a published author.Primarily a children's author, she has also written books for adults.Scott is the author of ‘Waverley’.Stephen King is an author I've never read.The study's authors conclude that there is insufficient evidence to justify the policy.the anonymous author of this pamphletTopics Literature and writinga2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivebest-sellingprolificfamous…verb + authorreadcitequote…author + verbwrite (something)argue somethingconclude something…See full entry the person who creates or starts something, especially a plan or an idea(尤指计划或思想的)创造者,发起人As the author of the proposal I cannot agree with you.我作为提案的发起人,不能同意你的意见。He is the author of a plan to bring peace to the region. Word OriginMiddle English (in the sense ‘a person who invents or causes something’): from Old French autor, from Latin auctor, from augere ‘increase, originate, promote’. The spelling with th arose in the 15th cent., and perhaps became established under the influence of authentic.author verb /ˈɔːθə(r)/ /ˈɔːθər/ (formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they author /ˈɔːθə(r)/ /ˈɔːθər/ he / she / it authors /ˈɔːθəz/ /ˈɔːθərz/ past simple authored /ˈɔːθəd/ /ˈɔːθərd/ past participle authored /ˈɔːθəd/ /ˈɔːθərd/ -ing form authoring /ˈɔːθərɪŋ/ /ˈɔːθərɪŋ/ author something to be the author of a book, report, etc.著作;写作;编写Topics Literature and writingb2Word OriginMiddle English (in the sense ‘a person who invents or causes something’): from Old French autor, from Latin auctor, from augere ‘increase, originate, promote’. The spelling with th arose in the 15th cent., and perhaps became established under the influence of authentic.
断词:au‧thor
词源: author  1 author:作家,创造者拉丁语动词augeo, augere, auxi, auctus(增加,扩大)还有"创造"的意思;其过去分词词干-auct-派生的拉丁语名词auctor, -oris, m(创造者,作家)经由古法语autor进入英语;"创造者","作家"首创的力量发展为"权威","批准","授权","官方"等意义。-th-的拼写是-t-的变体,它最终影响了发音。 词根词缀: auth(-auct-)增加→创造 + -or名词词尾,行为  2 author:作者来自法语autor, 父亲。词源同auct, 创造,增加。字母c脱落,又受希腊语影响添加字母h.  3 author:作家作家是从事文学创作的,而author这个词正是“具有创造能力的”含义。它来自拉丁语的auctor,意思是“使得东西生长的人”。我们有时把某个作品比作“新苗”、“蓓蕾”,而作家们不正是培育新苗、花朵的人吗?
辨析: author, writer 这组词都有“作者,作家”的意思,其区别是: author: 泛指用自己名字或笔名发表过作品的人,不强调是否以写作为主职业。 writer: 含义广泛,一般指以写作为职业的人。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:1
中文释义2:
正面:accord
US:[əˈkɔrd]
UK:[əˈkɔ:d]
释义:n.协议;协定;一致;和谐v.一致;给予;相符;协调网络雅阁;本田雅阁;符合
分布:accord[əˈkɔ:d]accorded, according, accordsCET4CET6TEM4考研GREIELTSn6154379851231156112361178v788025432351353933831397NOUN942361174VERB1166440640PREP237968507Spoken:90559629accorded[231] according[57057] accords[320]符合(39%),协议(32%),一致(22%),给予(5%),调解(1%),与...一致(1%)n.符合;一致;协议;自愿vt.使一致;给予vi.符合;一致
中文释义:accord noun /əˈkɔːd/ /əˈkɔːrd/Idioms a formal agreement between two organizations, countries, etc.协议;条约The two sides signed a peace accord last July.在刚过去的七月,双方签订了和平条约。Extra ExamplesA peace accord was reached on 26 March.They signed a trade accord with the Americans.a trade accord between Europe and the United Statesan accord on environmental protectionThe US-Canada free trade accord has come under political scrutiny.The countries drew up accords on economic and technical cooperation.Topics Discussion and agreementc2, War and conflictc2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivepeacetradeinternational…verb + accordnegotiatereachsign…prepositionaccord betweenaccord onaccord with…See full entryWord OriginOld English, from Old French acorder ‘reconcile, be of one mind’, from Latin ad- ‘to’ + cor, cord- ‘heart’; influenced by concord. Idioms in accord (with something/somebody) (formal) in agreement with与…一致(或相符合)This action would not be in accord with our policy.这一行动不会符合我们的方针。Botanists are not in complete accord about how many species exist.Topics Opinion and argumentc2 Wordfinderaccordallybilateralcross-borderdiplomatembassyinternationalrapprochementrelationshiptreaty of your own accord without being asked, forced or helped自愿地;主动地He came back of his own accord.他主动回来了。The symptoms will clear up of their own accord.症状将会自行消失。 with one accord (British English, formal) if people do something with one accord, they do it at the same time, because they agree with each other全体一致;一致地Topics Opinion and argumentc2 accord verb /əˈkɔːd/ /əˈkɔːrd/ [transitive] (formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they accord /əˈkɔːd/ /əˈkɔːrd/ he / she / it accords /əˈkɔːdz/ /əˈkɔːrdz/ past simple accorded /əˈkɔːdɪd/ /əˈkɔːrdɪd/ past participle accorded /əˈkɔːdɪd/ /əˈkɔːrdɪd/ -ing form according /əˈkɔːdɪŋ/ /əˈkɔːrdɪŋ/ Phrasal Verbs to give somebody/something authority, status or a particular type of treatment给予,赠予,授予(权力、地位、某种待遇) accord something to somebody/something Our society accords great importance to the family.我们的社会赋予家庭十分重要的地位。There were complaints about the special treatment accorded to some minority groups. accord somebody/something sth Our society accords the family great importance.我们的社会赋予家庭十分重要的地位。Oxford Collocations DictionaryadverbfullyprepositionwithSee full entryWord OriginOld English, from Old French acorder ‘reconcile, be of one mind’, from Latin ad- ‘to’ + cor, cord- ‘heart’; influenced by concord.Phrasal Verbsaccord with
断词:ac‧cord
词源: accord  1 accord:符合发音释义: [ə'kɔrd] n. 符合;一致;协议;自愿vt. 使一致;给予vi. 符合;一致 结构分析:accord = ac(=ad,去)+ cord(心)→到心里去→符合。 词源解释:cord ←拉丁语cordis(心) 背景知识:和中国一样,古代西方人也认为人的思维和心理活动发生在心脏,因此本来表示“心脏”的词根cord也可表示“心理、思维”。 同源词:according(根据),accordance(一致),accordion(手风琴),cordial(衷心的),discord(不和),record(记录)  2 accord:条约前缀ac-同ad-. 词根cord, 心,同heart. 指一条心的。  3 accord:一致,符合;协议,协定词根词缀: ac-来,临近 + -cord-心(脏) → 心在一起,心心相印 → 符合,一致
辨析: conform, correspond, accord, coincide, agree 这组词都有“符合、一致”的意思,其区别是: conform: 强调在形状、性格以及主要特点等方面的相似或一致。 correspond: 指在进行比较时,两个事物在某一个重要方面或细节上互相匹配、一致。 accord: 着重指性格、精神、语气或质量等方面的完全一致。 coincide: 多用于指观点、判断、愿望、利益或兴趣的一致或相符。偶尔用于人,强调意见或观点完全相同。 agree: 侧重指经过比较后的所有主要部分均和谐一致,无冲突和矛盾。 confer, present, endow, grant, give, award, accord, bestow 这组词都有“给予,赠给”的意思,其区别是: confer: 通常指授予称号或学位等。 present: 指正式地给予或授予,通常伴有仪式进行。 endow: 指捐赠大量的钱作基金,也可指给予非物质的东西。 grant: 多指出于慷慨、怜悯或正义感而给予,并且通常是在被请求下给予。 give: 最普通用词,泛指将自己的东西给予他人,所给予的东西,物质或非物质的均可。 award: 通常暗示所给予的东西是接受者应得的,而且给予者往往是具有裁判权力的。 accord: 侧重所给予的是应得的或是恰当的,或是因某种原因而适于接受的。 bestow: 正式用词,指把某物作为礼物赠送于某人,也可作引申用。 agreement, contract, treaty, convention, bargain, understanding, accord 这些名词均含“协定,协议,契约,合同”之意。 agreement: 普通用词,含义最确定,泛指个人、团体或国家之间取得一致而达成的任何协议、协定或合同、契约等,可以是口头的,也可以是书面的。 contract: 侧重指双方或多方订立的具有法律效力的正式的书面合同或契约。 treaty: 指国家之间经外交谈判后依照国际法签订的正式条约。 convention: 比treaty更专门化,但不及treaty正式。也可指国家之间就有关事情签订的条约。 bargain: 通常指商业交往中的购销合同。 understanding: 指不具约束力的非正式的协议。 accord: 多指国际间的非正式协议。 unity, concord, agreement, harmony, accord 这组词都有“和谐、一致”的意思,其区别是: unity: 指各个成员、各群体之间相互协调一致的关系。 concord: 多指人际、国家间或民族之间协调一致的关系。 agreement: 侧重态度与观点上的一致。 harmony: 指人与人之间或不同部分与整体之间完全协调、和谐、愉快,没有摩擦。 accord: 指思想一致,彼此不矛盾,也指行动上的一致。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:2
中文释义2:
正面:benefit
US:[ˈbɛnəfɪt]
UK:[ˈbenɪfɪt]
释义:n.益处;优势;成效;福利费(政府对失业者、病人等提供的补助金)v.对(某人)有用;使受益;得益于;得利于网络贝玲妃;利益;好处
分布:benefit[ˈbenɪfɪt]benefited, benefiting, benefitsCET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLIELTSv2247166802195385392943895782n8135292677121738137161174518015NOUN5332871695VERB1821767693Spoken:175424420benefited[754] benefiting[285] benefits[7866]利益(45%),得益(23%),有益于(14%),义演(9%),津贴(5%),借助(3%),保险金(1%)n.利益,好处;救济金vt.有益于,对…有益vi.受益,得益
中文释义:benefit noun OPAL WOPAL S /ˈbenɪfɪt/ /ˈbenɪfɪt/Idioms   [countable, uncountable] an advantage that something gives you; a helpful and useful effect that something has优势;益处;成效Freedom of information brings great benefits. health/economic/tax benefitsthe benefits of modern medicine现代医学的助益I've had the benefit of a good education.我得益于受过良好教育。It was good to see her finally reaping the benefits (= enjoying the results) of all her hard work.看到她终于得享辛勤劳动的成果令人欣慰。The industry will be one of the first to enjoy the benefits of the recovery.The company derived substantial benefit from the deal. benefit of doing something He couldn't see the benefit of arguing any longer.他看不出再争论下去有什么好处。 be of benefit to somebody/something The new regulations will be of benefit to everyone concerned.新规章将使所有有关人员受益。 to somebody's benefit It will be to your benefit to arrive early.早到将会对你有利。 benefit for somebody/something The project will have major benefits for the local community.With the benefit of hindsight (= knowing what we have learnt since), we would do things differently. without the benefit of something Nobody should be sent to prison without the benefit of legal advice.For maximum benefit, take the tablets before meals. see also cost–benefit, fringe benefitExtra ExamplesThe different environmental groups could work together to their mutual benefit.They somehow manage to work without the benefit of modern technology.I can see the benefits that such games give children.If you want to maximize the benefits of blueberries, eat them raw.Same-sex couples were denied the benefits given to married couples.The benefits easily outweigh the cost.The method has many additional benefits.The new factory will bring considerable benefits to the area.This deal will offer major benefits to industrialists and investors.Weigh the benefits of hiring help before hiring new employees.What are the benefits to investors?Consumers choose organic meat for a number of reasons, including perceived health benefits.a marketing campaign which promotes the cosmetic benefits of vitamin EOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveconsiderableenormousgreat…verb + benefitenjoyexperiencehave…benefit + verbaccruearise from somethingresult from something…prepositionfor somebody’s benefitof benefit toto somebody’s benefit…See full entry   [countable, usually plural, uncountable] (British English) (also welfare [uncountable] especially in North American English) money provided by the government to people who need financial help because they are unemployed, ill, etc.福利费(政府对失业者、病人等提供的补助金)You may be eligible to receive benefits.你也许有资格领取福利金。The number of people claiming unemployment benefit fell last month.上个月申请领取失业救济金的人数下降了。 on benefits The aim is to help people who are on benefits (= receiving benefits) to find jobs.目的是帮助领福利金的人找到工作。 see also child benefit, housing benefit, sickness benefitWordfinderbegbenefitcharityhomelesshostelthe poorpovertyshanty townsweatshopunemploymentExtra ExamplesHe's on social security benefit.She is worried that if she takes on a job she will lose her benefits.One way to cut spending is to move from universal benefits—those paid to everyone regardless of need—to means-tested ones.Benefit is paid monthly.Topics Social issuesb2, Moneyb2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivewelfarestateinsurance…… of benefitamountlevelverb + benefitbe eligible forbe entitled toqualify for…benefit + verbbe paidbenefit + nounbenefits agencyofficepayment…prepositionon benefitSee full entry [countable, usually plural] an advantage that you get from a company in addition to the money that you earn(公司发的)福利,奖金Private health insurance is offered as part of the employees' benefits package.私人医疗保险是提供给员工的一整套福利的其中一项。These benefits will now be extended to agency workers. see also fringe benefitOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivefringetaxemployee…verb + benefitgivereceiveextend…benefit + nounplanbenefits packageSee full entry [countable, usually plural] money from an insurance company(保险公司发的)给付,保险金The insurance plan will provide substantial cash benefits to your family in case of your death.投保人一旦死亡,该项保险将支付给其家属相当可观的保险金。 [countable] an event such as a performance, a dinner, etc., organized in order to raise money for a particular person or charity慈善(或公益)活动a benefit match/concert义赛;慈善音乐会The proceeds from the benefit will go directly to the refugee camps.WordfinderappealbenefitcharitycollectiondonationfundraiserhandouttelethonvolunteerwelfareTopics Film and theatrec2, Social issuesc2 Word Originlate Middle English (originally denoting a kind deed or something well done): from Old French bienfet, from Latin benefactum ‘good deed’, from bene facere ‘do good (to)’.Idioms for the benefit of somebody | for somebody’s benefit especially in order to help or be useful to somebody为帮助某人;为某人的利益I have typed out some lecture notes for the benefit of those people who were absent last week.我帮上星期缺席的人打印了些课堂笔记。Don't go to any trouble for my benefit!别为我费功夫! give somebody the benefit of the doubt to accept that somebody has told the truth or behaved well because you cannot prove that they have not(在证据不足的情况下)假定某人说实话,假定某人没有错She may have been lying, but I felt I had to give her the benefit of the doubt. benefit verb OPAL W /ˈbenɪfɪt/ /ˈbenɪfɪt/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they benefit /ˈbenɪfɪt/ /ˈbenɪfɪt/ he / she / it benefits /ˈbenɪfɪts/ /ˈbenɪfɪts/ past simple benefited /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ past participle benefited /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ past simple benefitted /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ past participle benefitted /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ /ˈbenɪfɪtɪd/ -ing form benefiting /ˈbenɪfɪtɪŋ/ /ˈbenɪfɪtɪŋ/ -ing form benefitting /ˈbenɪfɪtɪŋ/ /ˈbenɪfɪtɪŋ/   [transitive] benefit somebody to be useful to somebody or improve their life in some way对(某人)有用;使受益We should spend the money on something that will benefit everyone.我们应该把这笔钱花在大家都能得益的事上。The new tax laws will clearly benefit those on low wages.The project will benefit the local community as a whole.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbconsiderablyenormouslygreatly…prepositionfromSee full entry   [intransitive] to be in a better position because of something得益于;得利于We all benefit when our young people realize their potential. benefit from something Who exactly stands to benefit from these changes?到底是谁会从这些变革中直接获益? benefit by doing something Most crime victims benefit greatly by talking about their experiences.Extra ExamplesWe benefited directly from the reorganization.We both benefited financially from the arrangement.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbconsiderablyenormouslygreatly…prepositionfromSee full entry Word Originlate Middle English (originally denoting a kind deed or something well done): from Old French bienfet, from Latin benefactum ‘good deed’, from bene facere ‘do good (to)’.
断词:ben‧e‧fit
词源: benefit  1 benefit:益处来自法语。词根bene, 好。fit, 做,同fact,字母c脱落。原指做好处,善举,后也指个人利益,即善有善报。  2 benefit:有益,好处来源于拉丁语benefacere(祝福,祈福)的过去分词benefactum,经由古法语bienfait和盎格鲁-诺曼底语benfet进入英语为benefit。 词根词缀: bene-好 + fit( = -fac-做,作)
辨析: profit, benefit, avail 这组词都有“有益于,有益”的意思,其区别是: profit: 着重于物质方面的受益,常用于财富或知识等方面的得益。 benefit: 通常既可指个人情况(如身体、智力或精神状态等)的好转或改善,又可指对实现某个目标等带来的好处。 avail: 较文雅,常见于历史小说、演说或讲道中,较少用于日常话语,侧重功效或效力。 profit, advantage, benefit, interest, favour, gain 这组词都有“利益、好处”的意思,其区别是: profit: 着重收益,尤指从物质、钱财等方面获得的利益。 advantage: 指因某方面占优势或利用某机会以及对方弱点而获得利益与好处。 benefit: 普通用词,指通过正当手段从物质或精神方面得到的任何好处或利益。 interest: 作“利益”解时,多用复数形式,既可指集团、群体的利益,又可指个人的利益。 favour: 指在竞争中获得的advantage,也可指在狭隘的个人利益。 gain: 指获得的物质利益,也暗示不损坏他人利益而得的无形好处。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:3
中文释义2:
正面:economic
US:[ˌikəˈnɑmɪk]
UK:[ˌi:kəˈnɒmɪk]
释义:adj.经济的;经济上的;经济学的;有利可图的网络经济环境;经济性;经济因素
分布:economic[ˌi:kəˈnɒmɪk]CET4CET6TEM4考研IELTSj4539689415132749149421895847113ADJ12001295163Spoken:36128101经济的(55%),经济学的(28%),有利可图的(17%)adj.经济的,经济上的;经济学的
中文释义:economic adjective OPAL WOPAL S /ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk/, /ˌekəˈnɒmɪk/ /ˌiːkəˈnɑːmɪk/, /ˌekəˈnɑːmɪk/   [only before noun] connected with the trade, industry and development of wealth of a country, an area or a society经济的;经济上的;经济学的They discussed social, economic and political issues.economic growth/developmentthe worst economic crisis since the warThere will be no quick economic recovery.the government’s economic policy政府的经济政策economic activity/cooperation/reforman economic downturn/slowdownA public spending programme is out of the question in the current economic climate. see also socio-economicSynonyms economiceconomicfinancialcommercialmonetarybudgetaryThese words all describe activities or situations that are connected with the use of money, especially by a business or country.economic connected with the trade, industry and development of wealth of a country, an area or a society:This book deals with the social, economic and political issues of the period.financial connected with money and finance:She had got into financial difficulties.Tokyo is a major financial centre.commercial connected with the buying and selling of goods and services.指贸易的、商业的monetary (formal or finance) connected with money, especially all the money in a country:closer European monetary unionbudgetary (finance) connected with a budget (= the money available or a plan of how it will be spent).Patternseconomic/​financial/​commercial/​monetary/​budgetary affairs/​decisionsthe economic/​financial/​commercial/​budgetary climatethe economic/​financial/​commercial side of somethinga(n) economic/​financial/​commercial centreWhich Word? economic / economicaleconomic / economicalEconomic means ‘connected with the economy of a country or an area, or with the money that a society or an individual has’:economic 意为与国家、地区、社会或个人经济有关的:the government’s economic policythe economic aspects of having children.see also economy (1)Economical means ‘spending money or using something in a careful way that avoids waste’:It is usually economical to buy washing powder in large quantities.see also economy (3)Extra ExamplesEconomic growth was fastest in Japan.She's a lecturer in economic history.The government's economic policy has been broadly successful.This book deals with the social, economic and environmental questions of the period.They discussed competitiveness in global economic markets.The current economic downturn has affected the city's art scene.The welfare state is inefficient in purely economic terms.Topics Moneyb1   (especially in negative sentences尤用于否定句) (of a process, a business or an activity工序、业务或活动) producing enough profit to continue有利可图的;可赚钱的;合算的 synonym profitableThe college was not achieving the numbers of students needed to make it economic. it is economic to do something They found it was not economic to sell their milk to the supermarkets. it is economic for somebody/something to do something It's simply not economic for these small farmers to start buying large amounts of expensive fertilizer. opposite uneconomicSynonyms successfulsuccessfulprofitablecommerciallucrativeeconomicThese words all describe somebody/​something that is making or is likely to make money.successful making a lot of money, especially by being popular:The play was very successful on Broadway.The company has had another successful year.profitable making a profit:a highly profitable businesscommercial [only before noun] making or intended to make a profit:The movie was not a commercial success (= made no profit).lucrative (of business or work) producing or paying a large amount of money; making a large profit:They do a lot of business in lucrative overseas markets.economic (often used in negative sentences) (of a process, business or activity) producing enough profit to continue:Small local shops stop being economic when a supermarket opens up nearby.Patternsa successful/​profitable/​lucrative businessa successful/​profitable/​lucrative yeara(n) commercial/​economic successExtra ExamplesThe business was getting to the stage where it wasn't economic any longer.Small local shops stop being economic when a supermarket opens up nearby.These investment projects will become economic in a few years. Word Originlate Middle English: via Old French and Latin from Greek oikonomikos, from oikonomia ‘household management’, based on oikos ‘house’ + nemein ‘manage’. Originally a noun, the word denoted household management or a person skilled in this, hence the early sense of the adjective (late 16th cent.) ‘relating to household management’. Modern senses date from the mid 19th cent.
断词:ec‧o‧nom‧ic
词源: economiceconomic:经济(学)的词根词缀: -eco-经济 + -nom-学科 + -ic
辨析: economical, economic economical: 节约的,节俭的。如:He is economical of money and time. economic: 经济(学)的。如:the economic doctrines of Ricardo(李嘉图的经济学说)
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:4
中文释义2:
正面:issue
US:[ˈɪʃu]
UK:[ˈɪʃu:]
释义:n.发行;分发;期号;重要议题v.发出;发表;出版;公布网络问题;发布;问题,争论点
分布:issue[ˈɪʃu:]issued, issuing, issuesCET4CET6TEM4考研GRETOEFLIELTSv18712096244191215415561944979n248169438534923723275233266252038NOUN2675208373VERB14411024293Spoken:80969179issued[6994] issues[24730] issuing[1077]问题(69%),发行(19%),发表(4%),议题(3%),流出(3%),公布(1%),正式发给(1%)n.问题;流出;期号;发行物vt.发行,发布;发给;放出,排出vi.发行;流出;造成…结果;传下
中文释义:issue noun OPAL WOPAL S /ˈɪʃuː/ /ˈɪʃuː/Idioms topic of discussion议题  [countable] an important topic that people are discussing or arguing about重要议题;争论的问题a key/major issueThis is a big issue; we need more time to think about it.这是个重大问题,我们需要花较多的时间考虑。Teacher education has become a political issue.They discussed a number of important environmental issues.They are talking about issues relating to the safety of children online.Her work deals with issues of race and identity. to explore/debate/examine an issueThe union plans to raise the issue of overtime.工会打算提出加班的问题。We really need to focus on the key issues and not get sidetracked.You're just avoiding the issue.你只不过是在回避问题。Don't confuse the issue.不要把问题弄复杂。The meeting included discussion of a range of issues.What you say is interesting, but it does not affect the question at issue here. see also side issue, wedge issueExtra ExamplesShe usually writes about environmental issues.她通常写环境方面的题材。The party was divided on this issue.该党在这一问题上存在分歧。This evening we're debating the issue of the legalization of soft drugs.A referendum was held to settle the issue.Europe remains the burning issue within the party.She spoke on the issue of private healthcare.The conference examined key issues relating to the reform.The issue of birth control was touched on, but we need to examine it in more detail.The problem raises wider issues of gender and identity.The real issue is where the power lies.The report highlights three issues.The strike of ten years ago is still very much a live issue in the town.Topics Opinion and argumentb1, Social issuesb1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivebigburningcentral…… of issuesnumberrangeseries…verb + issueraisedebatediscuss…issue + verbarisesurround somethingunderlie something…prepositionat issueon an/​the issueissue about…phrasesmake an issue of somethingSee full entry problem/worry问题;忧虑  [countable] a problem or worry that somebody has with something(有关某事的)问题,担忧If you have any issues, please call this number.如有问题,请拨打这个电话号码。The community is working together to address social issues and problems.All technical issues have now been resolved.Miller decided to tackle the issue head on.Serious issues arose during the development of the new product.Money is not an issue.钱不是问题。I'm not bothered about the cost—you're the one who's making it an issue. issue about/around somebody/something She's always on a diet—she has issues about food.她经常节食,她担心吃得太多。Young people sometimes struggle with issues around body image. issue with somebody/something He still has some issues with women (= has some problems dealing with them).他在与女性打交道方面仍有些问题。 see also non-issueExtra ExamplesI don't think my private life is the issue here.我认为问题并非我的私生活。Because I grew up in a dysfunctional family, anger is a big issue for me.我是在一个不正常的家庭里长大的,所以乱发脾气是我的一大问题。A number of issues are affecting the dairy industry.Security has become a real issue.Don't hesitate to contact us about any issues and concerns that you may have.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivebigburningcentral…… of issuesnumberrangeseries…verb + issueraisedebatediscuss…issue + verbarisesurround somethingunderlie something…prepositionat issueon an/​the issueissue about…phrasesmake an issue of somethingSee full entry magazine/newspaper报刊[countable] one of a regular series of magazines or newspapers一期;期号the July issue of ‘What Car?’《汽车指南》的七月号The article appeared in issue 25.该文发表在第 25 期。an article in the current issue of ‘Newsweek’ see also back issueOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecurrentbackspecial…verb + issuebring outpublishissue + verbcome outgo on salebe out…prepositionin an/​the issueSee full entry of stamps/coins/shares邮票;钱币;股份[countable] a number or set of things that are supplied and made available at the same time一次发行额(或一套)The company is planning a new share issue.公司正计划发行新股。a special issue of stamps特别发行的一套邮票 see also standard issue making available/known发出;发布[uncountable] the act of supplying or making available things for people to buy or use发行;分发I bought a set of the new stamps on the date of issue.我在新邮票发行的当天就买了一套。 issue of something to somebody the issue of blankets to the refugees给难民分发毯子 see also rights issue [uncountable] the act of formally making something known to people发行;分发the issue of a joint statement by the French and German foreign ministers法德两国外交部长联合声明的发布 children孩子[uncountable] (law法律) children of your own子女;后嗣He died without issue.他死时无子嗣。 Word OriginMiddle English (in the sense ‘outflowing’): from Old French, based on Latin exitus, past participle of exire ‘go out’.Idioms be at issue to be the most important part of the subject that is being discussed是讨论的焦点What is at issue is whether she was responsible for her actions.议论的焦点是她是否对自己的行为负有责任。 force the issue to do something to make people take a decision quickly迫使从速决定Topics Preferences and decisionsc2 take issue with somebody (about/on/over something) (formal) to start disagreeing or arguing with somebody about something向某人提出异议;开始与某人争论I must take issue with you on that point.我必须就那一点向你提出异议。Topics Opinion and argumentc2 issue verb  /ˈɪʃuː/ /ˈɪʃuː/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they issue /ˈɪʃuː/ /ˈɪʃuː/ he / she / it issues /ˈɪʃuːz/ /ˈɪʃuːz/ past simple issued /ˈɪʃuːd/ /ˈɪʃuːd/ past participle issued /ˈɪʃuːd/ /ˈɪʃuːd/ -ing form issuing /ˈɪʃuːɪŋ/ /ˈɪʃuːɪŋ/ Phrasal Verbs make known公布  to make something known formally宣布;公布;发出 issue something They issued a joint statement denying the charges.他们发表联合声明否认指控。to issue an apology a report issued by the Department for EducationA warning was issued yesterday by the government, asking people to stay in their homes. issue something to somebody The president has the authority to issue orders to the military.The new guidelines have been issued to all doctors.Extra ExamplesThe police have issued an appeal for witnesses.警方发出了寻找目击证人的呼吁。a statement issued on behalf of the UN Secretary GeneralOxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbdirectlyjointlyimmediately…prepositionon behalf oftowith…phrasesnewly issuedSee full entry give给  to give something to somebody, especially officially(正式)发给,供给 issue something to issue a licence/certificate/permit/ticket issue somebody something The authorities refused to issue him a visa. issue somebody with something New members will be issued with a temporary identity card.新成员将获发临时身份卡。 issue something to somebody Work permits were issued to only 5% of those who applied for them.工作许可证只发给了 5% 的申请人。Extra ExamplesSome of the police were issued with rifles.the bank which formally issues and handles these credit cardsOxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbdirectlyjointlyimmediately…prepositionon behalf oftowith…phrasesnewly issuedSee full entry law法律issue something to start a legal process against somebody, especially by means of an official document(尤指通过正式文件)将…诉诸法律to issue a writ against somebody传讯某人A warrant has been issued for his arrest.已对他发出逮捕令。Extra ExamplesHe left the company and promptly issued a writ claiming $45 million in damages.Arrest warrants were issued against 16 of the protesters.Topics Law and justicec1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbdirectlyjointlyimmediately…prepositionon behalf oftowith…phrasesnewly issuedSee full entry magazine刊物issue something to produce something such as a magazine, article, etc.出版;发表We issue a monthly newsletter.我们出版一份通讯月刊。Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbdirectlyjointlyimmediately…prepositionon behalf oftowith…phrasesnewly issuedSee full entry stamps/coins/shares邮票;钱币;股票issue something to produce new stamps, coins, shares, etc. for sale to the public发行(新的一批)They issued a special set of stamps to mark the occasion.他们特别发行了一套纪念邮票。newly issued banknotesOxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbdirectlyjointlyimmediately…prepositionon behalf oftowith…phrasesnewly issuedSee full entry Word OriginMiddle English (in the sense ‘outflowing’): from Old French, based on Latin exitus, past participle of exire ‘go out’.Phrasal Verbsissue from
断词:is‧sue
词源: issueissue:问题,议题,期刊,发行来自古法语issue,出口,出去,来自拉丁语exire,出去,词源同exit,ion.由向外走出引申问题,议题,期刊,发行等多种词义。
辨析: inference, issue, impact, incident inference: 推断,结论 issue: 问题,争议点 impact: 影响,冲击 incident: 事件 topic, subject, theme, issue 这组词都有“主题、话题”的意思,其区别是: topic: 普通用词,含义广泛,但其范畴小于subject。既可指文章、讲话的题目,谈话的内容,又可指提纲中的标题甚至段落的主题或中心思想。 subject: 一般用词,使用广泛。指书籍、文章、演讲、讨论等中所隐含的、暗示的,需要由读者或听众推断的主题或中心话题。 theme: 系正式用词,多指文学、艺术作品的主题,或论文、演说的主题。 issue: 指有争论、议论,急需讨论研究的热点话题。 distribute, issue, publish 这组词都有“发行,发出,发给”的意思,其区别是: distribute: 指把东西分发给所属者或应得者。 issue: 多指通过官方或正式渠道正式发行。 publish: 普通用词,多指出版发行文字作品,也指发布新闻或发表见解等。 matter, issue, problem, question 这组词都有“问题”的意思,其区别是: matter: 含义不很具体,暗示人们考虑和关心的事和话题。 issue: 多指意见能达到一致的问题,着重争论或讨论中的问题。 problem: 指客观上存在的、难以处理或难以理解的问题。 question: 通常指用口头或书面提出来要求回答或有待讨论解决的问题。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:5
中文释义2:
正面:impact
US:[ˈɪmˌpækt]
UK:[ˈɪmpækt]
释义:v.冲击;撞击;有作用n.撞击;冲击力;冲撞;巨大影响网络影响力;碰撞;月殒天劫
分布:impact[ˈɪmpækt]impacted, impacting, impactsCET4CET6TEM4考研GRETOEFLIELTSv771427947071023794661140n92047996735517719561805421255NOUN8091942109VERB3925270474Spoken:232615981impacted[634] impacting[197] impacts[824]影响(72%),冲击(15%),撞击(5%),冲击力(4%),产生影响(2%),压紧(1%),挤入(1%)vi.影响;撞击;冲突;压紧(on,upon,with)n.影响;效果;碰撞;冲击力vt.挤入,压紧;撞击;对…产生影响
中文释义:impact noun OPAL WOPAL S /ˈɪmpækt/ /ˈɪmpækt/[countable, usually singular, uncountable]   the powerful effect that something has on somebody/something巨大影响;强大作用a positive/a negative/an adverse impacta significant/major/huge impactto have/make an impact impact of something to reduce/minimize the impact of somethingthe environmental impact of tourism旅游事业对环境的巨大影响 impact of doing something the economic impact of leaving the European Union impact on somebody/something Her speech made a profound impact on everyone.她的讲话对每个人都有深远的影响。She has had a lasting impact on the lives of many of her students.The project's impact on the environment should be minimal. impact of something on somebody/something The report assesses the impact of the disease on mortality and population growth. impact from something It is too early to notice any impact from the recent changes to the rules.an environmental impact assessmenta victim impact statement see also low-impactExtra ExamplesBusinesses are beginning to feel the full impact of the recession.工商企业开始感受到了经济衰退的全面冲击。social support to cushion the impact of unemploymentIt is difficult to judge the potential impact of the changes on employment patterns.Architecturally, these churches reflected the impact of the Renaissance.Listening to the speech through an interpreter lessened its impact somewhat.The film lacks the visceral impact of her previous work.The initial impact of the reforms will be felt most keenly in primary schools.The severest human impact on the dolphins has been the loss of habitat.We are trying to minimize the impact of price rises on our customers.We'll show you how to dress for maximum impact at the all-important audition.You certainly made a big impact on Carter.a high-impact message aimed at changing people's attitudesOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivebigconsiderabledramatic…verb + impactachievecreateexert…prepositionunder the impact ofimpact onimpact upon…See full entry   the act of one object hitting another; the force with which this happens撞击;冲撞;冲击力craters made by meteorite impacts陨石撞击而成的陨石坑The impact of the blow knocked Jack off balance.这一记猛击把杰克打了个趔趄。 impact on something A well-designed sports shoe should absorb the impact on the 28 bones in each foot. on impact The bomb explodes on impact (= when it hits something).炸弹受到撞击就爆炸。The car is fitted with side impact bars (= to protect it from a blow from the side).这辆车的两侧都安装了保险杠。Extra ExamplesAir bags are designed to soften the impact for crash victims.Impact occurred seconds after the pilot radioed for help.The front coach of the train took the full impact of the crash.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivefullinitialasteroid…verb + impacttakefeelabsorb…impact + verboccurknock somebody/​something…impact + nounspeedvelocitycrater…prepositionon impactphrasesthe moment, point, time, etc. of impactSee full entry Word Originearly 17th cent. (as a verb in the sense ‘press closely, fix firmly’): from Latin impact- ‘driven in’, from the verb impingere ‘drive something in or at’, from in- ‘into’ + pangere ‘fix, drive’.impact verb OPAL W /ɪmˈpækt/ /ɪmˈpækt/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they impact /ɪmˈpækt/ /ɪmˈpækt/ he / she / it impacts /ɪmˈpækts/ /ɪmˈpækts/ past simple impacted /ɪmˈpæktɪd/ /ɪmˈpæktɪd/ past participle impacted /ɪmˈpæktɪd/ /ɪmˈpæktɪd/ -ing form impacting /ɪmˈpæktɪŋ/ /ɪmˈpæktɪŋ/   [intransitive, transitive] to have an effect on somebody/something遭到;遇到 synonym affect impact on/upon somebody/something Her father's death impacted greatly on her childhood years.父亲去世对她的童年造成巨大影响。These restrictions will impact on all farmers in Ireland. impact somebody/something environmental factors that may negatively impact children's developmentThe company's performance was impacted by the high value of the pound.公司的业绩受到了英镑高值的冲击。Extra ExamplesThe border dispute could impact on the work of aid agencies.The cuts will inevitably impact on service delivery.They need to take into consideration that their actions directly impact other people. [intransitive, transitive] impact (on/upon/with) something (formal) to hit something with great force冲击;撞击 Word Originearly 17th cent. (as a verb in the sense ‘press closely, fix firmly’): from Latin impact- ‘driven in’, from the verb impingere ‘drive something in or at’, from in- ‘into’ + pangere ‘fix, drive’.
断词:im‧pact
词源: impact  1 impact:冲击,碰撞;(来源于拉丁语中由前缀im-(入,向内)和动词pangere(驱动)组成的复合动词impingere(冲入)的过去分词impactus。  2 impact:牙齿阻生,冲击,影响im-,进入,使,-pact,压紧,推进,词源同impinge,compact.其原义为牙齿阻生,后引申词义冲击,影响。
辨析: inference, issue, impact, incident inference: 推断,结论 issue: 问题,争议点 impact: 影响,冲击 incident: 事件 clash, collision, impact, shock 这组词都有“冲击,碰撞”的意思,其区别是: clash: 通常指两个或多个物体,特别是金属物发出刺耳声音或破裂声的撞击。也可引申指意见、利益等的冲突。 collision: 指物体相撞,其结果不是受损就是严重受阻。 impact: 正式用词,侧重指物体相撞的结果或接触点。 shock: 指强烈冲击在肉体上或思想感情上所产生的效果。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:6
中文释义2:
正面:consumer
US:[kənˈsumɚ]
UK:[kənˈsju:mə]
释义:n.【经】消费者;【生,生态】消费者网络用户;顾客;消耗者
分布:consumer[kənˈsju:mə(r)]CET4CET6TEM4TOEFLIELTSn105341057680530112012138148125NOUN10241521841Spoken:60603411consumers[1064]消费者(84%),消费品(11%),用户(5%)n.消费者;用户,顾客
中文释义:consumer noun  /kənˈsjuːmə(r)/ /kənˈsuːmər/ a person who buys goods or uses services消费者;顾客;用户consumer spending/demandlinks between producers and consumersHealth-conscious consumers want more information about the food they buy.注重身体健康的消费者想得到更多有关他们所购买的食物的信息。a consumer society (= one where buying and selling is considered to be very important)消费社会a consumer watchdog (= somebody whose job is to protect consumers' rights)消费者监察人The consumer (= consumers as a group) is well served by competition.This tool may be considered too expensive for the average consumer. consumer of something consumers of news/electricity/healthcareproviders and consumers of public servicesWe need to educate consumers about this technology. compare producerExtra ExamplesConsumer watchdogs have accused banks of ‘appalling arrogance’ in the way they treat customers.Economists forecast that falling consumer confidence will cut into household purchases.Government policy encouraged a consumer boom followed by a deep recession.Green consumers should be wary of manufacturers' claims that their products are environmentally friendly.Mass culture turns audiences into passive consumers, their participation limited to the choice between buying and not buying.The UK is the biggest consumer of tropical hardwoods after Japan.The country could face a consumer boycott of its beef exports.They exploit consumers by charging high prices.We are living in a consumer society.We are the biggest consumers of tropical hardwoods after Japan.We supply domestic consumersWhat can be done to protect the ordinary consumer from unscrupulous operators?two years of research among consumersThe big stores are, of course, responding to consumer demand.Topics Businessb1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivebiggreatheavy…verb + consumerofferprovidesupply…consumer + verbbuy somethingpay somethingspend something…consumer + nounapplicationsbrandsdevices…prepositionamong consumersSee full entry
断词:con‧sum‧er
词源: consumer  1 consumer:消费者词根词缀: con-共同 + -sum-拿,买 + -er  2 consumer:消费者来自consume, 消费.
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:7
中文释义2:
正面:focus
US:[ˈfokəs]
UK:[ˈfəʊkəs]
释义:n.关注;调焦;源;中心点(指人或事物)v.集中(注意力、精力等于);(使)调节焦距;集中(光束于)网络焦点;聚焦;专注
分布:focus[ˈfəʊkəs]focused, focusing, focusesCET4CET6TEM4考研IELTSn143529453484517425107488412875v68863922113574891123611087424439VERB6112552530NOUN12671198356Spoken:104449034focused[10582] focuses[650] focusing[3628]焦点(75%),中心(13%),焦距(10%),聚集(2%)n.焦点;中心;清晰;焦距vt.使集中;使聚焦vi.集中;聚焦;调节焦距n.(Focus)人名;(瑞典)福库斯
中文释义:focus verb OPAL WOPAL S /ˈfəʊkəs/ /ˈfəʊkəs/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they focus /ˈfəʊkəs/ /ˈfəʊkəs/ he / she / it focuses /ˈfəʊkəsɪz/ /ˈfəʊkəsɪz/ he / she / it focusses /ˈfəʊkəsɪz/ /ˈfəʊkəsɪz/ past simple focused /ˈfəʊkəst/ /ˈfəʊkəst/ past participle focused /ˈfəʊkəst/ /ˈfəʊkəst/ past simple focussed /ˈfəʊkəst/ /ˈfəʊkəst/ past participle focussed /ˈfəʊkəst/ /ˈfəʊkəst/ -ing form focusing /ˈfəʊkəsɪŋ/ /ˈfəʊkəsɪŋ/ -ing form focussing /ˈfəʊkəsɪŋ/ /ˈfəʊkəsɪŋ/   [intransitive, transitive] to give attention, effort, etc. to one particular subject, situation or person rather than another集中(注意力、精力等于)She was distracted and finding it hard to focus. focus on/upon somebody/something The discussion focused on three main issues.Each exercise focuses on a different grammar point.每个练习各有不同的语法重点。 focus + adv./prep. He had artistic interests but his teachers encouraged him to focus elsewhere.The essay seems too narrowly focused. focus something Music and crafts can help focus small children's energies. focus something on/upon somebody/something The visit helped to focus world attention on the plight of the refugees.这次访问促使全世界关注难民的困境。 (figurative) All eyes are focused on the presidential elections at the moment. (figurative) The event will focus the spotlight on younger athletes. focus something + adv./prep. We need to decide where to focus our efforts.Extra ExamplesCome on, try to focus.Children with ADHD suffer from an inability to focus and concentrate.Degree courses have traditionally focused on the established great writers of the past.They plan to divest declining businesses and focus on growth areas.You might choose to focus on a particular aspect of the nineteenth century.Meetings focused on the development of the curriculum.He inevitably focused on his own concerns, with only a passing query about Jeff.Much recent concern has been focused upon sea level rises.The exhibition is focused primarily upon architecture.The exhibition primarily focuses upon architecture.Schools should not focus exclusively on exam results.The department undertakes highly focused research.The study was criticized for being too narrowly focused.My own research is focused on classical traditions.We have focused our resources on developing new products.Think of some questions that will help focus the discussion.This should help focus your attention.I was finding it hard to focus my mind properly.Perhaps your family is where you should focus your attention.Where do you really wish to focus your time and energy?Much of the debate was focused around the issue of inequality.He made a promise to his father and is determined to live his entire life focused towards that goal.A hate crime is abuse focused towards a specific person or group on grounds of race, religion, etc.You need to focus closely on the matter at hand.At the moment, aid agencies are focusing their efforts on women and children.The attention of the news media was firmly focused on the elections.Our activity is mainly focused on responding to emergencies.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbespeciallyheavilylargely…verb + focusneed totry todecide to…prepositiononuponphraseshighly focusedtightly focusednarrowly focused…See full entry   [intransitive, transitive] (of your eyes, a camera, etc.眼睛、摄影机等) to adapt or be changed so that things can be seen clearly; to change something so that you can see things clearly(使)调节焦距It took a few moments for her eyes to focus in the dark.过了一会儿她的眼睛才适应了黑暗。 focus on somebody/something Let your eyes focus on objects that are further away from you.睁大眼睛看清楚离你较远的物体。In this scene, the camera focuses on the actor's face.在这个镜头中,摄影机对准演员的脸部。 focus something ‘Look at me,’ he says, focusing the camera. focus something on somebody/something He focused his blue eyes on her.他那蓝色的眼睛注视着她。I quickly focused the camera on the children.我迅速把照相机的镜头对准孩子们。 focus something + adv./prep. My gaze was focused elsewhere at the time.Extra ExamplesShe blinked and tried to focus.The eye will automatically focus on the small group in the foreground.She could feel his eyes focusing on her.She could feel his eyes focused on her.He struggled to focus his eyes in the dimness.A newborn baby cannot focus its eyes.My eyes are focused on the horizon.Ten TV cameras were focused on the stage.She likes to focus her camera on the unusual and the surreal.So much of good film-making is just knowing where to focus your camera.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbhardintentlyautomatically…verb + focustry toprepositiononuponSee full entry [transitive] to aim light onto a particular point using a lens集中(光束于);聚焦(于) focus something A laser focuses a beam of light. focus something on something She used her glasses to focus the sun's rays on the twigs and spark a fire. [intransitive] focus on somebody/something (of a light光) to shine on somebody/something(地震的)震源Suddenly a spotlight focused on us. Word Originmid 17th cent. (as a term in geometry and physics): from Latin, literally ‘domestic hearth’.focus noun OPAL WOPAL S /ˈfəʊkəs/ /ˈfəʊkəs/(plural focuses, foci /ˈfəʊsaɪ/, /ˈfəʊkaɪ/ /ˈfəʊsaɪ/, /ˈfəʊkaɪ/)   [uncountable, countable, usually singular] the thing or person that people are most interested in; the act of paying special attention to something and making people interested in it中心点(指人或事物);关注;引起关注 focus of something It was the main focus of attention at the meeting.这是会议上关注的主要焦点。The primary focus of the book is practical teaching techniques.He decided to make colour the central focus of his work. focus for something His comments provided a focus for debate.他的评论提供了辩论的重点。 focus on something We shall maintain our focus on the needs of the customer.我们将继续重点关注顾客的需要。In today's lecture the focus will be on tax structures within the European Union.今天讲课的重点是欧洲联盟内部的税制结构。The incident brought the problem of violence in schools into sharp focus.这次事件使校园暴力成为焦点问题。The film loses focus near the end.He began to shift his focus towards writing for the theatre.What we need now is a change of focus (= to look at things in a different way).我们现在需要的是改变对事物的看法。Extra ExamplesThe article does not seem to have any clear focus.Cities have always acted as the principal focus of political life.His research interest is the environment, with a focus on the economics of climate change. Let's take the focus off her personal life and look at what she's achieved.I found the focus of the debate too narrow.A narrow focus on profits neglects the human angle.In her new book, she broadens her focus to include the entire history of Ireland.I've directed my focus towards developing my skills.Our primary focus this term will be on group work.The company's main focus is cheese.The film maintains an intense focus on the two central characters.She became a focus for all his anger.The focus has now shifted towards the problem of long-term unemployment.The legal team tried to switch the focus onto the victim.The problem with your plan is that it doesn't have a clear focus.The question of compensation comes into focus.The restructuring is designed to give a sharper focus on key markets.We've lost focus on the real objective: to save lives.The story loses focus a bit at the end.He was restless and lacked focus.We need to bring some discipline and focus to our efforts.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecentralmainmajor…verb + focusact asbecomeremain…focus + verbbe on somebody/​somethingremain on somebody/​somethingshift…prepositionfocus forfocus offocus on…phrasesa change of focusa shift of focusthe focus of attention…See full entry   [uncountable] a point or distance at which the outline of an object is clearly seen by the eye or through a lens(眼睛或镜头的)焦距,调焦 out of focus Some parts of the photograph are out of focus (= blurred rather than clearly seen). into focus When I got glasses, suddenly the whole world came into focus. in focus The binoculars were not in focus (= were not showing things clearly).这副双筒望远镜的焦距不对。Her eyes lost focus and she fainted.Extra ExamplesHis photographs are badly out of focus.The figure in the film comes in and out of focus.He deliberately let his eyes go out of focus.If you look at it for a while the image comes into focus.Suddenly her face snaps into focus.They're not very good photos, but at least they're in focus.Try to get their faces in focus.If you set the image to full screen you sometimes lose the focus.He explains how to set up the camera and how to adjust the focus. see also soft focusOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivesharpsoftverb + focuscome intoprepositionin focusout of focusSee full entry (also focal point) [countable] (physics物理) a point at which waves of light, sound, etc. meet after reflection or refraction; the point from which waves of light, sound, etc. seem to come (光、声等的)焦点,中心点,源[countable] (geology地质学) the point at which an earthquake starts to happen(地震的)震源Topics The environmentc2 Word Originmid 17th cent. (as a term in geometry and physics): from Latin, literally ‘domestic hearth’.
断词:fo‧cus
词源: focus  1 focus:焦点来自拉丁语focus, 火炉,引申词义家,集中点。在1604年德国数学家Johannes Kepler用该词来指数学意义上的聚焦。进一步可能来自PIE*bhe, 照明,发光,词源同beacon.  2 focus:焦点,中心这个常用词原本是拉丁文,借用时完全保留了原来的拼写形式,在拉丁语中作“壁炉”或“壁炉边”解。古罗马耐代壁炉边即focus被认为是家庭生活的中心。拉丁语族一些语言中表示“火”的词,如法语feu,西班牙语fuego+意大利语fuoco等,均源自focus 一词。focus的现代词义是德国天文学家开普勒(Johannes Kepler,1571 - 1630)在1604年首先使用的。他用它表示。焦点”。以后该词在英语里还被用来表示“焦距”,也喻指“(注意、活动、兴趣等的)中心”,除了用作名词,也可用作动词,表示“聚焦”、“集中”等义。  3 focus:(使)聚焦,集中,关注拉丁语中focus指“壁炉”、“火”,因而派生了英语fuel和fusillade;其现代意义也许来自于“壁炉的炉膛是家的中心”或“镜子的燃烧点”;拉丁语focus进入法语为foyer(炉膛、家庭),被英语借用后,意义变为“走廊,大厅,休息室”。 同源词:fuel, fusillade, foyer 搭配:focus (…) on/upon (使…)集中于…
辨析: tighten, focus, intensify, fasten tighten: 加紧,收紧 focus: 集中 intensify: 加强,强化 fasten: 系紧,扣紧 stress, emphasize, focus, highlight stress: 重读(某音节) emphasize: 加强…的语气 focus: 使…集中于一点 highlight: 对…予以特别的注意;将(头发)染成浅色使之有光泽 confinement, confinement, concentrate, restraint, focus, limitation 这组词都有“限制,局限”的意思,其区别是: confinement: n.限制,囚禁(于某地或某种境地)。  ➤ The prisoner was sentenced to three months' solitary confinement.   那犯人被判处单独监禁三个月。 confinement: limitation, restraint concentrate: v.集中,集中精力(后接on,宾语可以是具体或抽象的东西);浓缩,压缩。  ➤ During exams, students concentrate hard on answering the questions.   考试期间,同学们集中精力回答问题。 restraint: n.克制,抑制;约束措施。  ➤ Even though the mother was very angry, she acted with restraint and didn't yell at her child.   即使母亲很生气,她仍克制自己没有向孩子大吼。 focus: v.集中(于某事物);将(注意力等)集中于……(后接on,宾语一般不是具体的东西)。  ➤ Please focus your minds on the following problem.   请集中考虑以下问题。 limitation: n.限制,局限;(能力的)缺点,弱点。  ➤ That employee has limitations on what work he can do.   那个雇员能做的工作有限。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:8
中文释义2:
正面:climate
US:[ˈklaɪmɪt]
UK:[ˈklaɪmət]
释义:n.气候;风气;气候区;倾向网络气氛;思潮;风土
分布:climate[ˈklaɪmət]CET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLn2115202192318615555831788550NOUN1883735332Spoken:37437589climates[323]气候(96%),风气(4%)n.气候;风气;思潮;风土
中文释义:climate noun OPAL W /ˈklaɪmət/ /ˈklaɪmət/   [countable, uncountable] the regular pattern of weather conditions of a particular place气候a tropical/warm/mild/temperate/cold climatethe harsh climate of the Arctic regions北极地区的恶劣气候 see also continental climateWordfinderclimateearthequatorequinoxhemisphereInternational Date LinelatitudemapplanettropicWordfinderaridclimatecontinental climateequatorialfrigidharshhumidityrainfalltropicalzoneCulture weatherweatherThe popular view of the British weather is that it rains all the time. This is not true and Britain gets no more rain in an average year than several other European countries. In some summers the country goes for weeks with nothing more than a shower (= short period of rain). Perhaps the main characteristic of Britain's weather is that it is hard to predict. This is probably why people regularly listen to weather forecasts on radio and television. However, the weather forecasters are sometimes wrong.The British are not used to extremes. In summer the temperature rarely goes higher than 30°C (86° F). Heatwaves (= periods of very hot weather) are rare events. In winter the south and west are fairly mild. The east and north get much colder, with hard frosts and snow. A cold snap (= period of very cold weather) or heavy falls of snow can cause all forms of transport to stop.Samuel Johnson observed that ‘when two Englishmen meet their first talk is of the weather’, and this is still true. The weather is a safe, polite topic of conversation. Most British people would agree that bright weather with some sun, not too hot and with enough rain to water their gardens, is good. Bad weather usually means days with a lot of cloud and rain or, in winter, fog or snow. The British tend to expect the worst as far as the weather is concerned and it is part of national folklore (= traditional belief) that summer bank holidays will be wet. It may be pouring with rain, teeming down, bucketing, or even just drizzling or spitting, but it will be wet.The US is large enough to have several different climates, and so the weather varies between regions. The average lowest temperature in Grand Forks, North Dakota in winter is almost −20° C (−3° F); in the summer in Arizona it is often above 40° C (104° F). Arizona gets less than an inch/2.5 centimetres of rain most months; the state of Washington can get 6 inches/15 centimetres. The Northeast and Midwest have cold winters with a lot of snow, and summers that are very hot and humid (= with a lot of water in the air). The South has hot, humid summers but moderate winters. The Southwest, including Arizona and New Mexico, is dry and warm in the winter and very hot in the summer. Some parts of the US suffer tornadoes and hurricanes.In autumn people put storm doors and windows on their houses, an extra layer of glass to keep out the cold wind. Cities in the snow belt (= the north eastern and midwestern states that get a lot of snow) have several snow days each winter, days when people do not go to school or work. But then snowploughs (NAmE snowplows) clear the roads and life goes on, even when the weather is bad.Many people in Britain and the US, as elsewhere, are worried about global warming (= an increase in temperature in the earth's atmosphere) due to emissions from vehicles and factories of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) and the extent of climate change this may cause.Extra ExamplesThe city has a warm climate.the severe northern climateTomato flavour varies depending on climate.It is a region with diverse soils and climate.a global climate shift towards an ice ageWe are looking at how to respond to a changed climate.Most climate scientists believe the earth will warm several more degrees in coming decades. plants that are well adapted to the climateTopics The environmenta2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivehotwarmcold…verb + climatehaveaffectclimate + nounchangeresearchstudy…prepositionin a/​the climateSee full entry   [countable] an area with particular weather conditions气候区They wanted to move to a warmer climate.他们想迁移到气候较温暖的地区。Little grows in such a dry climate.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivehotwarmcold…verb + climatehaveaffectclimate + nounchangeresearchstudy…prepositionin a/​the climateSee full entry   [countable] a general attitude or feeling; an atmosphere or a situation that exists in a particular place倾向;思潮;风气;环境气氛the present political/economic climatethe current climate of opinion (= what people generally are thinking about a particular issue)目前的舆论倾向a climate of fear/suspicion/uncertaintyThere is no money for children's centres in the current climate.We need to create a climate in which business can prosper.我们需要创造一个有利于商业繁荣的环境。Extra ExamplesThey hope this will provide the right climate for social change.There's been a change in the climate of opinion.The crisis produced a climate far less favourable to redevelopment.Such a move seems unlikely in the current political climate.He admitted that the economic climate has rarely been worse.a set of ideas that challenge the prevailing climate of pessimisma climate for economic recoveryThe new policies have created a climate of fear.His ideas on equality are viewed as utopian in the current political climate.They believe Las Vegas offers an excellent business climate.In today's social climate, it is a very emotionally charged word.His remarks directly contributed to the climate of racial tension.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivefavourable/​favorablehostileunfavourable/​unfavorable…verb + climatecreatefosterchange…prepositionin a/​the climateclimate forclimate of…phrasesa climate of opinionSee full entry Word Originlate Middle English: from Old French climat or late Latin clima, climat-, from Greek klima ‘slope, zone’, from klinein ‘to slope’. The term originally denoted a zone of the earth between two lines of latitude, then any region of the earth, and later, a region considered with reference to its atmospheric conditions. Compare with clime.
断词:cli‧mate
词源: climate  1 climate(气候):希腊人设想的地球上的平行斜坡希腊人很早就发现一个地区的气候与太阳光线的倾斜角度有关。越靠近赤道,太阳光倾角越大,气候就越温暖;越靠近极点,太阳光倾角越小,气候就越寒冷。我们现在知道,不同地区太阳光倾角不同,是因为地球是圆的。但古代的希腊人还不知道,依然认为地球是平的,只是不同地区有不同的坡度,地区坡度的不同造成了太阳光倾角的不同。因此,他们将地球划分成很多块边线平行的斜坡,每条斜坡的坡度都有所不同,这些平行的斜坡就是希腊人划分的气候带,在希腊语中称为klima,字面意思是“斜坡”。古希腊人将世界划分为7个气候带,古希腊著名的天文学家和地理学家托勒密(Ptolemy)将世界从赤道到北极划分为24个气候带。英语单词climate(气候)就来自希腊语klima。而英语单词lean(倾斜)与此同源,来自希腊语klinein(倾斜)。climate:['klaɪmət] n.气候,风土,思潮lean:[liːn] v.倾斜,依靠adj.瘦的,贫瘠的n.倾斜,瘦肉  2 climate:气候来自PIE*klei,倾斜,词源同lean,incline.原指从赤道到两极的区域,地域,后指各不同区域 的气候。  3 climate:气候词根clim表“倾斜”,ate名词后缀。表“倾斜”的单词和“气候”有何关系呢?希腊的地理学家把地球根据太阳光线在地球表面的照射斜率划分为七个气候区域。各纬度阳光照射倾角不同,辐射强度各异,是气候划分的一大依据。clim又作clin,如decline(下降)。  4 climate:气候古希腊人认为地球由赤道向两极倾斜,而这种倾斜影响了各地的气候和温度,他们用klima来表示地球的倾斜面(sloping surface of earth)。最早的希腊地理学家据此把世界分成七个气候区,klima就转为指“地区”(zone)。嗣后,klima经由拉丁语进入法语,作climat,到了14世纪末又进入英语之中,作climate,词义也由“地区”逐渐转为指“气候”了。19世纪70年代以后climate又进而引申为“风气”或“气氛”,如the political climate(政治气氛,政治气候),a climate of fear(恐怖气氛)。
辨析: weather, climate weather: 一天内具体的天气状况, climate: 长期的气候状况 The climate here is not good for you. surroundings, environment, circumstance, context, atmosphere, climate surroundings: 特指自然环境(地理概念) environment: 指对人的感情、品德、思想等或动植物生存产生影响的环境 circumstance: 特指经济状况,表示环境,状况时常用复数 context: 上下文 atmosphere: 气氛,氛围 climate: 气候,风气,思潮
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:9
中文释义2:
正面:concern
US:[kənˈsɝn]
UK:[kənˈsɜ:n]
释义:n.关心;忧虑;公司;企业v.涉及;影响;牵涉;与…有关网络关注;关系到;担心
分布:concern[kənˈsɜ:n]concerned, concerning, concernsCET4CET6TEM4考研IELTSv343294291706767132115664069n7175971911557350392651226023134NOUN12541229870VERB4026259192Spoken:72479276concerned[39417] concerning[5214] concerns[10478]关心(62%),公司(9%),涉及(8%),影响(8%),企业(7%),关心的事(6%)n.关系;关心;关心的事;忧虑vt.涉及,关系到;使担心
中文释义:concern verb OPAL WOPAL S /kənˈsɜːn/ /kənˈsɜːrn/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they concern /kənˈsɜːn/ /kənˈsɜːrn/ he / she / it concerns /kənˈsɜːnz/ /kənˈsɜːrnz/ past simple concerned /kənˈsɜːnd/ /kənˈsɜːrnd/ past participle concerned /kənˈsɜːnd/ /kənˈsɜːrnd/ -ing form concerning /kənˈsɜːnɪŋ/ /kənˈsɜːrnɪŋ/ affect/involve影响;涉及  concern somebody/something to affect somebody/something; to involve somebody/something影响;涉及;牵涉Don't interfere in what doesn't concern you.不要管与自己无关的事。To whom it may concern… (= used for example, at the beginning of a public notice or of a job reference about somebody’s character and ability)敬启者…(如用于公告或求职推荐信的开头)Please pay attention because this information concerns all of you.The letter is for both of us, but it mainly concerns you.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbdirectlymainlymostly…prepositioninSee full entry be about关于  concern something (also be concerned with something) to be about something与…有关;涉及The story concerns the prince's efforts to rescue Pamina.这故事讲的是王子奋力解救帕米娜。The book is primarily concerned with Soviet-American relations during the Cold War.这部书主要讲的是冷战时期的苏美关系。My question concerns the way he handles the evidence. concern itself with something This chapter concerns itself with the historical background.本章旨在讲述历史背景。Extra ExamplesOne major difference between these computers concerns the way in which they store information.这些计算机彼此之间的一个主要差异涉及其存储信息的方式。The issue here concerns the way in which lexis and grammar relate to each other.The really important point concerns the effect on the worker. Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbdirectlymainlymostly…prepositioninSee full entry worry somebody使某人担心  concern somebody to worry somebody让(某人)担忧What concerns me is our lack of preparation for the change.让我担心的是我们对事态的变化缺乏准备。Fair use is one issue concerning most musicians. it concerns somebody that… It concerns me that you no longer seem to care.你似乎不再在乎,这令我担忧。It really concerns me that he doesn't eat properly. see also concernedOxford Collocations Dictionaryadverba lotgreatlyreally…See full entry take an interest感兴趣concern yourself with/about something to take an interest in something(对…)感兴趣He didn't concern himself with the details.他对细节不感兴趣。 Word Originlate Middle English: from French concerner or late Latin concernere (in medieval Latin ‘be relevant to’), from con- (expressing intensive force) + cernere ‘sift, discern’.concern noun OPAL W /kənˈsɜːn/ /kənˈsɜːrn/Idioms worry担忧  [uncountable, countable] a feeling of worry, especially one that is shared by many people(尤指许多人共同的)担心,忧虑 concern about something/somebody Villagers expressed concern about the level of traffic.There is growing concern about violence in the media. concern over something/somebody The report raises serious concerns over safety at the plant. concern for something/somebody She hasn't been seen for four days and there is concern for her safety.她已四天不见踪影,大家对她的安全很担心。to raise/voice concernsWe are trying to address the concerns of residents.Don't hesitate to ask if you have any questions or concerns. concern among somebody The school's recent examination results have sparked concern among parents. concern that… There is widespread concern that new houses will be built on protected land.人们普遍对在保护区建新的房屋感到忧虑。security/safety concernsHe had to resign from his job because of health concerns.The president's health was giving serious cause for concern.总统的健康正引起公众的严重关切。The continuing drought is causing concern among farmers. concern to somebody This is a matter of grave concern to our members. with concern We view these developments with concern. something is of concern The cost of the scheme is of major concern. compare unconcernExtra ExamplesHe felt some concern for her safety.I was surprised by her lack of concern.Increased use of drugs is of great concern to parents.Out of concern for her health, we suggested she take a week off work.She expressed her deep concern about conditions at the factory.The lack of firefighting equipment has caused concern.There is particular concern about the use of pesticides.a common concern for new parentspublic concern about increased taxesIn the meeting, voters raised concerns about healthcare.选民在会上提出了对卫生保健状况的担忧。Stress at work is a matter of concern to staff and management.工作压力是一件让员工和管理人员都关切的事。Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveconsiderabledeepgrave…verb + concernfeelarticulateexpress…prepositionin somebody’s concernout of concernconcern about…phrasesbe of (no) concern to somebody(a) cause for concerna lack of concern…See full entry desire to protect保护的愿望  [uncountable] a desire to protect and help somebody/something关爱;关心 concern for somebody/something parents’ concern for their children父母对子女的关爱deep/genuine/real concernHe showed deep concern for his employees.She forgot her own worries in her concern for him.I appreciate everyone's concern and help at this difficult time.Extra ExamplesThanks for your concern and sympathy.He demonstrated genuine concern for others.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveconsiderabledeepgrave…verb + concernfeelarticulateexpress…prepositionin somebody’s concernout of concernconcern about…phrasesbe of (no) concern to somebody(a) cause for concerna lack of concern…See full entry something important重要的事  [countable] something that is important to a person, an organization, etc.(对人、组织等)重要的事情Our main concern is to ensure the safety of the children.What are your biggest concerns as a writer?The government's primary concern is to reduce crime.政府的头等大事是减少犯罪。a big/major concernExtra ExamplesThe overriding concern of the organizers is the safety of the participants.Practical necessity overrides any other concerns.I have other, more pressing concerns.Censorship reflects the social concerns and even fears of society and government at the time.Environmental concerns have been thrust to the head of the party agenda.This new technology brings with it security concerns.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivechiefmainmajor…verb + concernoutweighoverridephrasesbe none of somebody’s concernSee full entry responsibility责任[countable, usually singular] (formal) something that is your responsibility or that you have a right to know about(某人)负责的事,有权知道的事This matter is their concern.这件事由他们负责。How much money I make is none of your concern.我赚多少钱没有必要告诉你。How much we paid is none of your concern. company公司[countable] a company or business公司;商行;企业 synonym firmThe scheme has been set up by a major publishing concern.a successful publishing concernTopics Businessc2 Word Originlate Middle English: from French concerner or late Latin concernere (in medieval Latin ‘be relevant to’), from con- (expressing intensive force) + cernere ‘sift, discern’.Idioms a going concern a business or an activity that is making a profit and is expected to continue to do well生意兴隆的业务;发展中的事业He sold the cafe as a going concern.他把经营得正红火的咖啡馆卖掉了。They sold the business as a going concern.
断词:con‧cern
词源: concern  1 concern:涉及,有关;使关心,使担心来源于拉丁语动词cernere(判断,区分)的复合词concernere(混到一起以备筛选),concernere曾一度和cernere具有接近的意义(区分,决定),"有关,使担心"的意义出现在16和17世纪。 词根词缀: con-共同 + -cern-判断,决定  2 concern:影响,涉及con-, 强调。-cern, 分开,筛选,词源同discern, crisis. 即区分开的,关心自己那一部分的。
辨析: affair, matter, concern, business, thing 这组词都有“事情”的意思,其区别是: affair: 含义较广,侧重指已发生或必须去做的任何事情或事务。复数形式多指重大或较复杂的事务。 matter: 普通用词,着重指一件考虑中的或需要处理的事。 concern: 往往强调与个人或团体利害有直接或重大关系的事。 business: 通常指较重要或较难而又必须承担的事情,也可指商事。 thing: 用作“事情”解时,词义较笼统、含糊,多用于指不很具体的事。 anxiety, concern, care, worry 这组词都有“焦虑、关心”的意思,其区别是: anxiety: 指对预料中的不祥之事的焦虑。 concern: 作“关心”用时,是indifference(冷漠)的反义词,侧重对他人健康、安全等的关心,也可暗示对困难、危险或失败等的忧虑。 care: 强调因出于责任感或顾虑等而产生的不安。 worry: 侧重对未知事态演变的忧虑。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:10
中文释义2:
正面:environment
US:[ɪnˈvaɪrənmənt]
UK:[ɪnˈvaɪrənmənt]
释义:n.生态环境;自然环境;(影响个体行为或事物发展的)环境;客观环境网络外界;环保;医院环境
分布:environment[ɪnˈvaɪrənmənt]CET4CET6TEM4考研IELTSn856522925894136810248704227740NOUN6682319340Spoken:222517008environments[1175]环境(98%),外界(2%)n.环境,外界
中文释义:environment noun OPAL WOPAL S /ɪnˈvaɪrənmənt/ /ɪnˈvaɪrənmənt/   the environment [singular] the natural world in which people, animals and plants live自然环境;生态环境The government should do more to protect the environment.to preserve/pollute/harm the environmentdamage to the natural environmentprotection/destruction of the marine environmentThe environment minister expressed concern over pollution levels.Collocations The environmentThe environment环境Environmental damage环境破坏cause/​contribute to climate change/​global warming引起气候变化/全球变暖produce pollution/​CO2/greenhouse (gas) emissions产生污染/二氧化碳/温室气体排放damage/​destroy the environment/​a marine ecosystem/​the ozone layer/​coral reefs破坏环境/海洋生态系统/臭氧层/珊瑚礁degrade ecosystems/​habitats/​the environment使生态系统/栖息地/环境退化harm the environment/​wildlife/​marine life危害环境/野生动物/海洋生物threaten natural habitats/​coastal ecosystems/​a species with extinction构成对自然栖息地/沿海生态系统/物种灭绝的威胁deplete natural resources/​the ozone layer大量损耗自然资源/臭氧层pollute rivers and lakes/​waterways/​the air/​the atmosphere/​the environment/​oceans污染河流湖泊/航道/空气/大气层/环境/海洋contaminate groundwater/​the soil/​food/​crops污染地下水/土壤/食物/庄稼log forests/​rainforests/​trees采伐森林/热带雨林/树木Protecting the environment保护环境address/​combat/​tackle the threat/​effects/​impact of climate change设法解决/防止/应对气候变化带来的威胁/影响/冲击fight/​take action on/​reduce/​stop global warming对抗/采取行动应对/减缓/阻止全球变暖limit/​curb/​control air/​water/​atmospheric/​environmental pollution控制空气/水/大气/环境污染cut/​reduce pollution/​greenhouse gas emissions减少污染/温室气体排放offset carbon/​CO2 emissions抵消碳/二氧化碳的排放reduce (the size of) your carbon footprint减少碳足迹(量)achieve/​promote sustainable development实现/促进可持续发展preserve/​conserve biodiversity/​natural resources保持生物多样性;保护自然资源protect endangered species/​a coastal ecosystem保护濒危物种/沿海生态系统prevent/​stop soil erosion/​overfishing/​massive deforestation/​damage to ecosystems防止/阻止水土流失/过度捕捞/大面积森林砍伐/对生态系统的破坏raise awareness of environmental issues增强环境意识save the planet/​the rainforests/​an endangered species拯救地球/热带雨林/濒危物种Energy and resources能源和资源conserve/​save/​consume/​waste energy保护/节约/消耗/浪费能源manage/​exploit/​be rich in natural resources管理/开发/有丰富的自然资源dump/​dispose of hazardous/​toxic/​nuclear waste倾倒/处理有害/有毒/核废料dispose of/​throw away litter/(especially British English) rubbish/(especially North American English) garbage/(North American English) trash/​sewage处理/扔掉垃圾/废物;排放污水use/​be made from recycled/​recyclable/​biodegradable material使用回收/可回收/可生物降解材料;由回收/可回收/可生物降解材料制成recycle bottles/​packaging/​paper/​plastic/​waste回收瓶子/包装材料/纸/塑料/废品promote/​encourage recycling/​sustainable development/​the use of renewable energy促进/鼓励回收利用/可持续发展/使用可再生能源develop/​invest in/​promote renewable energy研发/投资/推动可再生能源reduce your dependence/​reliance on fossil fuels减少对化石燃料的依赖get/​obtain/​generate/​produce electricity from wind, solar and wave power/​renewable sources利用风、太阳能、潮汐/可再生能源发电build/​develop a (50-megawatt/​offshore) wind farm修建一座(50 兆瓦/海上)风力发电站install/​be fitted with/​be powered by solar panels安装太阳能板;由太阳能板提供动力Wordfinderbiodiversityconservationendangerthe environmentextinctgreenmanagedspeciessustainabletoxicExtra Examplesthe Department of the Environment环境事务部pollution of the environment环境污染The label identifies the products that are least harmful to the environment.factors that have a huge impact on the environmentindustries which damage the environmentthe amount of carbon in the environmentTopics The environmenta2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivenaturalglobalworld…verb + the environmentpreserveprotectsafeguard…environment + nounagencycommitteedepartment…prepositionin the environmentphrasesconservation of the environmentprotection of the environmentdamage to the environment…See full entry   [countable, uncountable] the conditions in which a person, animal or plant lives or operates or in which an activity takes place(影响个体行为或事物发展的)环境;客观环境a pleasant work/learning environmentHospitals have a duty to provide a safe working environment for all staff.They have created an environment in which productivity should flourish.他们创造了一种可以大大提高生产力的环境。Polar bears are totally adapted to their hostile environment.We operate in a highly competitive business environment.The tests were carried out in a controlled environment.Synonyms environmentenvironmentsettingsurroundingsbackgroundThese are all words for the type of place in which somebody/​something exists or is located.environment the conditions in a place that affect the behaviour and development of somebody/​something:An unhappy home environment can affect children’s behaviour. a pleasant working environmentsetting a place or situation of a particular type, in which something happens or exists:The island provided an idyllic setting for the concert.surroundings everything that is around or near somebody/​something:The huts blend in perfectly with their surroundings.background the things or area behind or around the main objects or people that are in a place or picture:The mountains in the background were capped with snow.Patternsin (a/​an) environment/​setting/​surroundings(a/​an) new/​unfamiliar environment/​setting/​surroundingssomebody/​something’s immediate environment/​surroundings(a) dramatic setting/​backgroundExtra ExamplesA comfortable working environment will increase productivity.We aim to provide a pleasant working environment.An unhappy home environment can affect a child's behaviour.不幸的家庭环境可能对孩子的行为造成影响。Children learn best in their home environment.Cold-blooded animals depend on the temperature of their immediate environment.In today's competitive business environment, companies focus on minimizing costs.Investors are showing more caution in the current economic environment.the political environment政治环境She now had to transfer her design skills to a commercial environment.The cat walked around, exploring its new environment.The hospital architect tries to create an environment conducive to healing.This period provided a favourable environment for the spread of communism.Walkers can unwittingly damage the fragile environment in which the birds live.an environment for economic growthan environment of fearcreatures that have adapted to hostile desert environmentsmarine life in its natural environmentparents who strive to provide a stimulating environment for their children to grow up inpeople working in increasingly competitive environmentsthe quality of our natural and built environmentsFor many, school seemed to be a hostile environment.It didn't take long for them to adapt to the new environment.Pets may be unsettled in an unfamiliar environment.The quality of the learning environment is vital to children's education.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveimmediateexternalalien…verb + environmentcreatefosterprovide…prepositionin an/​the environmentenvironment forenvironment of…phrasesan environment conducive to somethingtoday’s environmentSee full entry [countable] (computing计算机) the complete structure (including hardware and software) within which a user, computer or program operates(运行)环境a desktop development environment桌面开发环境Topics Computersc2
断词:en‧vi‧ron‧ment
词源: environment  1 environment:环境en-, 进入,使。-viron, 围,绕,词源同wind,wrap.即周围的环境。  2 environment:环境,周围状况,自然环境来源于法语中virer(转向)派生的viron(环路)。 词根词缀: en-入,向内 + viron环路 + -ment名词词尾
辨析: surroundings, environment, circumstance, context, atmosphere, climate surroundings: 特指自然环境(地理概念) environment: 指对人的感情、品德、思想等或动植物生存产生影响的环境 circumstance: 特指经济状况,表示环境,状况时常用复数 context: 上下文 atmosphere: 气氛,氛围 climate: 气候,风气,思潮
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:11
中文释义2:
正面:challenge
US:[ˈtʃæləndʒ]
UK:[ˈtʃælɪndʒ]
释义:n.挑战;质疑;质询;挑战书v.考查;盘问;对…怀疑(或质疑);拒绝接受网络向…挑战;挑战模式;叫板
分布:challenge[ˈtʃæləndʒ]challenged, challenging, challengesCET4CET6TEM4考研IELTSv17772232435411334470948557885n985451587237183110098967216320NOUN8591829447VERB2050662590Spoken:98552942challenged[4477] challenges[5959] challenging[5227]挑战(91%),质疑(6%),盘问(2%),邀请比赛(1%)n.挑战;怀疑vt.向…挑战;对…质疑
中文释义:challenge noun OPAL W /ˈtʃælɪndʒ/ /ˈtʃælɪndʒ/   a new or difficult task that tests somebody’s ability and skill挑战;艰巨任务a tough/major/significant challengeThe role will be the biggest challenge of his acting career.扮演这个角色将是他演艺生涯中最大的挑战。She still faces many challenges (= has to deal with them).Destruction of the environment is one of the most serious challenges we face.环境的破坏是我们所面临的最严峻的挑战之一。The greatest challenge facing the region is unemployment. Rapid industrialization presents both challenges and opportunities. challenge of something Countries need to work together to address the challenge of climate change.Schools must meet the challenge of new technology (= deal with it successfully).学校必须迎接新技术的挑战。I’m looking forward to the challenge of my new job. challenge of doing something The gallery has risen to the challenge of exhibiting the works of young artists. challenge for somebody/something The challenge for the government is to find a way of providing affordable housing. challenge to somebody/something Digital piracy continues to pose huge challenges to the industry.WordfinderadrenalineadventureattemptchallengeenthusiasmescapadeexcitementexplorekickthrillExtra ExamplesHe has taken on some exciting new challenges with this job.Liszt's piano music presents an enormous technical challenge.She could always be counted on when a challenge arose.The army faced the daunting challenge of fighting a war on two fronts.The challenge lies in creating a demand for the product.The competitive market represents significant challenges for farmers.the challenges facing nurses in casualtyOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivebigconsiderableenormous…verb + challengebeconstituteremain…challenge + verbconfront somebodyface somebodyarise…See full entry   an invitation or a suggestion to somebody that they should enter a competition, fight, etc.挑战书;(比赛、打斗等的)邀请,提议She accepted his challenge to a debate on the issue.I'm looking forward to taking on the challenge. challenge for something He plans to mount a challenge for the party leadership.Extra ExamplesShe took up his challenge.plans to mount a leadership challenge within the partyhis title challenge to the heavyweight championa challenge from the other political partyI accepted his challenge to a game of chess.Topics Suggestions and adviceb2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveeffectiveseriousstrong…verb + challengebeconstitutepresent…prepositionchallenge fromchallenge toSee full entry   a statement or an action that shows that somebody refuses to accept something and questions whether it is right, legal, etc.质询;质疑;提出异议Their legal challenge was unsuccessful.他们提出的法律质疑未能成功。 challenge to something It was a direct challenge to the president's authority.这是对主席权威的直接质疑。 challenge from somebody The commission reconsidered the rules after a challenge from the television networks.Extra ExamplesThe demonstration represents a direct challenge to the new law.a legal challenge to the President's powerHe was answering challenges to the government's policy.Our team will have to fight off the challenge from better trained teams.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveeffectiveseriousstrong…verb + challengebeconstitutepresent…prepositionchallenge fromchallenge toSee full entry Word OriginMiddle English (in the senses ‘accusation’ and ‘accuse’): from Old French chalenge (noun), chalenger (verb), from Latin calumnia ‘calumny’, calumniari ‘slander’.challenge verb OPAL W /ˈtʃælɪndʒ/ /ˈtʃælɪndʒ/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they challenge /ˈtʃælɪndʒ/ /ˈtʃælɪndʒ/ he / she / it challenges /ˈtʃælɪndʒɪz/ /ˈtʃælɪndʒɪz/ past simple challenged /ˈtʃælɪndʒd/ /ˈtʃælɪndʒd/ past participle challenged /ˈtʃælɪndʒd/ /ˈtʃælɪndʒd/ -ing form challenging /ˈtʃælɪndʒɪŋ/ /ˈtʃælɪndʒɪŋ/   to question whether a statement or an action is right, legal, etc.; to refuse to accept something对…怀疑(或质疑);拒绝接受 synonym dispute challenge something His legal team immediately sought to challenge the decision. The story was completely untrue and was successfully challenged in court.此案情纯属捏造,已在法庭上被揭穿。She does not like anyone challenging her authority.她不喜欢任何人挑战她的权威。This discovery challenges traditional beliefs.这项发现是对传统信念的冲击。The new study challenges fundamental assumptions about the virus. challenge somebody on something She challenged him on his old-fashioned views. challenge somebody He repeated the claim but the interviewer did not challenge him.Language Bank argueargueVerbs for reporting an opinion陈述观点的动词Some critics argue that Picasso remained a great master all his life.Others maintain that there is a significant deterioration in quality in his post-war work.Picasso himself claimed that good art is created, but great art is stolen.As Smith has noted, Picasso borrowed imagery from African art.As the author points out, Picasso borrowed imagery from African art.The writer challenges the notion that Picasso’s sculpture was secondary to his painting.It has been suggested that Picasso’s painting was influenced by jazz music.Extra ExamplesHarley sought to challenge the jurisdiction of the court.She was effectively challenging the whole basis on which society was run.The newspaper was directly challenging the government's legitimacy.Topics Law and justiceb2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbdirectlyopenlypublicly…verb + challengeseek toprepositiononSee full entry   to invite somebody to enter a competition, fight, etc.; to suggest strongly that somebody should do something (especially when you think that they might be unwilling to do it)向(某人)挑战;(尤指在对方不情愿时)强烈建议(某人做某事) challenge somebody to something Mike challenged me to a game of chess.迈克硬逼着要和我下一盘棋。The count challenged him to a duel. challenge somebody to do something The opposition leader challenged the prime minister to call an election.反对党领袖要求首相宣布进行大选。Topics Suggestions and adviceb2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbseriouslysuccessfullyunsuccessfully…prepositionfortoSee full entry   [intransitive, transitive] to enter into to a competition against somebody to achieve something or take something from them挑战书;(比赛、打斗等的)邀请,提议 challenge for something She was poised to challenge for the party leadership. challenge somebody for something He challenged her for the role of leader. challenge somebody She is the person most likely to challenge him before the next election.   to test somebody’s/your ability and skills, especially in an interesting way考查,考验(能力和技巧) challenge somebody The job doesn't really challenge her.这项工作不能真正考验出她的能力。No one has seriously challenged the champion. challenge yourself She continues to challenge herself as a dancer. challenge somebody to order somebody to stop and say who they are or what they are doing盘问;查问We were challenged by police at the border.我们在边境受到警察盘问。 Word OriginMiddle English (in the senses ‘accusation’ and ‘accuse’): from Old French chalenge (noun), chalenger (verb), from Latin calumnia ‘calumny’, calumniari ‘slander’.
断词:chal·lenge
词源: challenge  1 challenge:向…挑战;引起,激励来源于拉丁语名词calumni.a, -ae, f(恶意指控,欺诈);challenge最初的词义是"指控",到14世纪早期这个单词开始出现"邀请参赛"的词义,到17世纪,"指控"的词义已不再使用。  2 challenge:挑战来自PIE*kel, 欺骗,挑刺,词源同calumny, cavil.词义褒义化,由贬义的挑刺到褒义的挑战。
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:12
中文释义2:
正面:positive
US:[ˈpɑzətɪv]
UK:[ˈpɒzətɪv]
释义:adj.肯定;确信;积极乐观的;自信的n.正片;优点;优势;阳性结果(或反应)网络积极的;肯定的;正面的
分布:positive[ˈpɒzətɪv]CET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLIELTSj105042697639614006764559022547n1676969213328150178203ADJ10371499853NOUN1059748883Spoken:174124681positives[328]积极的(54%),正面(16%),正面的(10%),肯定的(6%),阳性的(5%),正数(3%),正片(3%),明确的(2%),正数的(1%)n.正数;[摄] 正片adj.积极的;[数] 正的,[医][化学] 阳性的;确定的,肯定的;实际的,真实的;绝对的
中文释义:positive adjective OPAL WOPAL S /ˈpɒzətɪv/ /ˈpɑːzətɪv/ effective/useful有效;有用  good or useful良好的;有助益的;正面的The tests have so far yielded positive results.The contributions have a positive impact on the lives of hundreds of children.Overseas investment has had a positive effect on exports.海外投资对出口有积极影响。His family have been a very positive influence on him.他的家庭对他有十分良好的影响。The only positive outcome of that day was that our country came together. to make a positive contribution to a discussion给讨论会提出好的建言 opposite negative   expressing agreement or support表示赞同的;拥护的It's always nice to get positive feedback.We've had a very positive response to the idea.我们这个想法反响很好。The company expects a positive reaction to these new products. There were some overwhelmingly positive reviews. I should probably say something positive. opposite negativeExtra ExamplesMost of his remarks were positive, but there were a few criticisms.The feedback from the public was very positive.Topics Opinion and argumenta2   directed at dealing with something or producing a successful result积极的;建设性的;朝着成功的We must take positive steps to deal with the problem.我们必须采取积极措施处理这个问题。In the last few years, positive changes have been made. It will require positive action by all in the industry.这将需要业内全体同人和衷共济。 opposite negativeTopics Successb1 confident有信心  thinking about what is good in a situation; feeling confident and sure that something good will happen积极乐观的;自信的a positive attitude/outlook乐观的态度/前景the power of positive thinking positive about something She tried to be more positive about her new job.她努力更积极地投入新工作。On the positive side, profits have increased.从好的方面看,利润增加了。The report ended on a positive note.报告的结尾显得很乐观。There were times when it was difficult to remain positive. Analysts remain positive on the outlook for the shares over the long term. Another positive sign is that many companies have recently raised their dividend payouts. The goal was to create a positive image of older workers. opposite negativeExtra ExamplesHe sounded very positive about his chances.He took a highly positive view of the matter.Topics Personal qualitiesb1Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsappearbefeel…adverbextremelyfairlyvery…prepositionaboutSee full entry scientific test科学试验  showing clear evidence that a particular substance or medical condition is present阳性的;证明…存在的a positive pregnancy test呈阳性反应的怀孕检测The athlete tested positive for steroids.这个运动员类固醇检测呈阳性。If your test results are positive, it means that blood was detected. to be HIV positive艾滋病病毒化验呈阳性The test proved positive. opposite negativeOxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsbeprovetest…adverbstronglyweaklyprepositionforSee full entry sure/definite确信;肯定  [not before noun] (of a person人) completely sure that something is correct or true有绝对把握;确信;肯定 positive about something I can't be positive about what time it happened.我说不准这事是什么时间发生的。 positive (that)… She was positive that he had been there.她确信他曾在场。I'm absolutely positive it was him.‘Are you sure?’ ‘Positive.’“你敢肯定吗?” “绝对肯定。”Synonyms suresureconfidentconvincedcertainpositiveclearThese words all describe somebody who knows without doubt that something is true or will happen.sure [not before noun] without any doubt that you are right, that something is true, that you will get something or that something will happen:‘Is that John over there?’ ‘I’m not sure.’Are you sure about that?England must win this game to be sure of qualifying. Sure is often used in negative statements and questions, because there is some doubt or worry over the matter. If there is no doubt, people often say quite sure: I’m quite sure (that) I left my bag here (= I have no doubt about it). confident completely sure that something will happen in the way that you want or expect:I’m quite confident that you’ll get the job.The team feels confident of winning. Confident is a stronger and more definite word than sure and is more often used in positive statements, when you feel no worry.convinced [not before noun] completely sure that something is true or right, especially because the evidence seems to prove it or somebody else has persuaded you to believe it:I’m convinced that she’s innocent.certain [not usually before noun] sure that you are right or that something is true:Are you absolutely certain about this? sure or certain?用 sure 还是 certain?Like sure, certain is often used in negative statements and questions. It is slightly more formal than sure; sure is more frequent, especially in spoken English.positive [not before noun] (rather informal) completely sure that something is true:She was positive that he’d been there.‘Are you sure?’ ‘Positive.’clear (often used in negative statements and questions) having no doubt or confusion about something:My memory isn’t really clear on that point.Patternssure/​confident/​convinced/​certain/​positive/​clear about somethingsure/​confident/​convinced/​certain of somethingsure/​confident/​convinced/​certain/​positive/​clear that…sure/​certain/​clear who/​what/​how, etc.to feel sure/​confident/​convinced/​certain/​positivequite/​absolutely/​completely/​fairly/​pretty sure/​confident/​convinced/​certain/​positive/​clearnot altogether sure/​confident/​convinced/​certain/​clearTopics Doubt, guessing and certaintyb2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryverbsbeseemsound…adverbabsolutelyquitefairly…prepositionaboutofSee full entry   giving clear and definite proof or information证据确凿的;明确的 synonym conclusiveThe results show a positive correlation between exercise and self-esteem.We have no positive evidence that she was involved.我们没有确凿证据证明她参与其事。 (formal) This is proof positive that he stole the money.这就是他偷钱的确证。 [only before noun] (informal) complete and definite完全的;绝对的 synonym absoluteHe has a positive genius for upsetting people.他气人的本事可大呢。It was a positive miracle that we survived.我们能够生还,完全是个奇迹。 grammar语法(also affirmative) (of a statement话语) expressing something that is true, did happen, etc.; not containing words such as ‘no’, ‘not’, ‘never’, etc.表示赞同的;拥护的A positive statement has a negative question tag. opposite negative (2)Topics Languagea1 number/quantity数目;数量greater than zero正数的 opposite negativeTopics Maths and measurementb2 electricity电(specialist) containing or producing the type of electricity that is carried by a proton正电的;正极的a positive charge正电荷the positive terminal of a battery电池的正极 opposite negative Word Originlate Middle English: from Old French positif, -ive or Latin positivus, from posit- ‘placed’, from the verb ponere. The original sense referred to laws as being formally ‘laid down’, which led to the sense ‘explicitly laid down and admitting no question’, hence ‘certain’.positive noun OPAL S /ˈpɒzətɪv/ /ˈpɑːzətɪv/ good quality优点  [countable, uncountable] a good or useful quality or aspect优势;优点What are the positives and negatives of going this route? I get a lot of positives from my job. The deal is seen as a positive for both companies.Extra ExamplesTake your weaknesses and translate them into positives.把你的弱点变成优点。To manage your way out of recession, accentuate the positive. result of test化验结果  [countable] the result of a test or an experiment that shows that a substance or condition is present阳性结果(或反应)The result can be a false positive—indicating a problem where none actually exists. opposite negative (3)Topics Scientific researchb2 in photography摄影[countable] (specialist) a developed film showing light and dark areas and colours as they actually were, especially one printed from a negative正片 Word Originlate Middle English: from Old French positif, -ive or Latin positivus, from posit- ‘placed’, from the verb ponere. The original sense referred to laws as being formally ‘laid down’, which led to the sense ‘explicitly laid down and admitting no question’, hence ‘certain’.
断词:pos‧i‧tive
词源: positive  1 positive:乐观的,积极的,实证的,阳性的,正极的来自position,放置,位置,-ive,形容词后缀。即放好的,有位置的,原用于法律术语解决的,后引申诸多正面词义。  2 positive:确信的,有把握的;积极的,肯定的;正极的,阳极的;十足的,完全的 词根词缀: -posit-放置 + -ive形容词词尾
辨析: definite, certain, positive, sure 这组词都有“无疑的,确信的”的意思,其区别是: definite: 指已毫无怀疑的余地。 certain: 与sure同义,但语气比sure强,着重指有确切理由或不容置疑的证据所支持的确信。 positive: 语气强烈,指对自己的看法或作的结论的正确性有不可动摇的信念。 sure: 侧重主观上对某事确信无疑。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:13
中文释义2:
正面:process
US:[ˈprɑsɛs]
UK:[ˈprəʊses]
释义:n.进程;流程;工序;工艺流程v.处理;加工;审核;数据处理adj.经过特殊加工的;(用化学方法等)处理过的;照相制版的;三色版的网络过程;程序;的过程
分布:process[ˈprəʊses]processed, processing, processesCET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLIELTSv2762128741554671309320455511n391115727187553649191421484659335NOUN2625251445VERB1482995054Spoken:108846055processed[3282] processes[1891] processing[4207]过程(58%),处理(33%),加工(7%),工序(1%),列队前进(1%)n.过程,进行;方法,步骤;作用;程序;推移adj.经过特殊加工(或处理)的vt.处理;加工vi.列队前进
中文释义:process1 noun OPAL WOPAL S /ˈprəʊses/ /ˈprɑːses/   a series of things that are done in order to achieve a particular result(为达到某一目标的)过程;进程the consultation/planning processEach time we have to go through the whole decision-making process again.Repeat this process until the entire area is tiled.I'm afraid getting things changed will be a slow process.做任何改革恐怕都会是个缓慢的过程。Coming off the drug was a long and painful (= difficult) process for him.戒毒对他是个漫长、痛苦的过程。mental/cognitive/thought processes process of doing something They began the difficult process of reforming the education system. process for doing something The company has introduced a new process for handling complaints.Find which food you are allergic to by a process of elimination.用排除法找出你对哪种食物过敏。 in the process of doing something We're in the process of selling our house.我们正在出售自家的住宅。 in the process I was moving some furniture and I twisted my ankle in the process (= while I was doing it).我在搬动家具时把脚给崴了。 see also peace processExtra ExamplesAny design process evolves over time as new information surfaces.As part of the registration process, the applicant will report certain information.Churches are taking a key role in the democratic process.Disputes and negotiations have slowed down the process.I was beginning to understand his thought processes.Protests disrupted the electoral process in the southern region.Students use thinking processes and skills to gain a knowledge of history.The company doesn't have a formal complaints process.The entire process was completed in less than 24 hours.The selection process takes place over a period of two weeks.These processes require careful scheduling.They all have to go through a vetting process.This is part of the process by which musical works are created.a legal process for dealing with defraudersa painstaking process of trial and errora stalemate in the peace processplaces where the process of urbanization is being reversedthe bidding process for media rightsthe long review process for his applicationthe tedious process of creating receipts and invoicesIt's a simple process, but it can take some time.This was a complex process involving four or more steps. Topics Law and justicea2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivegraduallengthylong…verb + processgo throughundergoaccelerate…process + verboccurtake placeunfold…prepositionprocess forprocess ofphrases(a) part of the processa process of eliminationa stage in the process…See full entry   a series of things that happen, especially ones that result in natural changes(事物发展,尤指自然变化的)过程,步骤,流程It's a normal part of the learning process.那是学习过程中的正常现象。The drug has been found to significantly speed up the healing process. during a process During the ageing process, the rum acquires a golden colour.Everything is in a process of change.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivegraduallengthylong…verb + processgo throughundergoaccelerate…process + verboccurtake placeunfold…prepositionprocess forprocess ofphrases(a) part of the processa process of eliminationa stage in the process…See full entry   a method of doing or making something, especially one that is used in industry做事方法;工艺流程;工序manufacturing processes制造方法She is involved in the production process from start to finish. process for doing something a new process for rustproofing car bodies see also four-colour processLanguage Bank processprocessDescribing a process描述过程This diagram illustrates the process of paper-making./This diagram shows how paper is made.First/First of all, logs are delivered to a paper mill, where the bark is removed and the wood is cut into small chips.Next/Second, the wood chips are pulped, either using chemicals or in a pulping machine.Pulping breaks down the internal structure of the wood and enables/allows the natural oils to be removed.Once/After the wood has been pulped, the pulp is bleached in order to remove impurities. /…is bleached so that impurities can be removed.The next stage is to feed the pulp into the paper machine, where it is mixed with water and then poured onto a wire conveyor belt.As the pulp travels along the conveyor belt, the water drains away. This causes the solid material to sink to the bottom, forming a layer of paper.At this point the new paper is still wet, so it is passed between large heated rollers, which press out the remaining water and simultaneously dry the paper/…dry the paper at the same time.The final stage is to wind the paper onto large rolls./Finally, the paper is wound onto large rolls.note at firstly, lastlylanguage bank at conclusion, firstWordfinderassembly linecapacityfactoryforemanplantprocessproductionshiftshop floorworkforceExtra ExamplesMost of the process is automated.His job is to develop new products and processes.The process was invented in the 19th century.They are made using the most advanced manufacturing processes.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivegraduallengthylong…verb + processgo throughundergoaccelerate…process + verboccurtake placeunfold…prepositionprocess forprocess ofphrases(a) part of the processa process of eliminationa stage in the process…See full entry see also due process of lawWord OriginMiddle English: from Old French proces, from Latin processus ‘progression, course’, from the verb procedere, from pro- ‘forward’ + cedere ‘go’. Current senses of the verb date from the late 19th cent.process1 verb OPAL W /ˈprəʊses/ /ˈprɑːses/Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they process /ˈprəʊses/ /ˈprɑːses/ he / she / it processes /ˈprəʊsesɪz/ /ˈprɑːsesɪz/ past simple processed /ˈprəʊsest/ /ˈprɑːsest/ past participle processed /ˈprəʊsest/ /ˈprɑːsest/ -ing form processing /ˈprəʊsesɪŋ/ /ˈprɑːsesɪŋ/   [often passive] to treat raw material, food, etc. in order to change it, preserve it, etc.加工;处理 (be) processed Most of the food we buy is processed in some way.我们买的大部分食品都用某种方法加工过。Soy bean oil is found in hundreds of processed foods.processed cheese/meatsMany of these foods are made from highly processed ingredients. process something into something The berries are processed into juice or sauce. process something for something For many years he grew and processed flax for linen.Extra ExamplesWhen food is processed, many of the nutrients are stripped away.The plant is then processed for dye.tobacco specially processed to reduce nicotinehighly processed foodsOxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbefficientlyspeciallycorrectly…prepositionbyforinto…phraseshighly processedSee full entry [often passive] process something to deal officially with a document, request, etc.审阅,审核,处理(文件、请求等)It will take a week for your application to be processed.审核你的申请需要一周时间。Topics Computersb2 [often passive] process something (computing计算机) to perform a series of operations on data in a computer数据处理The image is processed digitally by computer software.Topics Computersb2Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbefficientlyspeciallycorrectly…prepositionbyforinto…phraseshighly processedSee full entry to understand the meaning of something that has happened or been said process something My brain slowly processed the fact that I was free to leave. process what, how, etc… It was a second later when I fully processed what he had said. Word OriginMiddle English: from Old French proces, from Latin processus ‘progression, course’, from the verb procedere, from pro- ‘forward’ + cedere ‘go’. Current senses of the verb date from the late 19th cent.process2 verb /prəˈses/ /prəˈses/[intransitive] (formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they process /prəˈses/ /prəˈses/ he / she / it processes /prəˈsesɪz/ /prəˈsesɪz/ past simple processed /prəˈsest/ /prəˈsest/ past participle processed /prəˈsest/ /prəˈsest/ -ing form processing /prəˈsesɪŋ/ /prəˈsesɪŋ/ + adv./prep. to walk or move along slowly in, or as if in, a procession列队行进;缓缓前进The bishop, priests and deacons processed slowly through the cathedral.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadverbefficientlyspeciallycorrectly…prepositionbyforinto…phraseshighly processedSee full entryWord Originearly 19th cent.: back-formation from procession.
断词:pro‧cess
词源: process  1 process:行进,进程,流程,加工,处理来自proceed,行进,进行,-ss,过去分词格。词性由形容词转名词及动词,引申诸相关比喻义。  2 process:过程,进程;工序,工艺,制作法 词根词缀: pro-前 + -cess-行走
辨析:
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:14
中文释义2:
正面:culture
US:[ˈkʌltʃɚ]
UK:[ˈkʌltʃə]
释义:n.文化;栽培;养殖;培育v.培养(细胞或细菌)网络企业文化;文明;教养
分布:culture[ˈkʌltʃə(r)]CET4CET6TEM4考研TOEFLIELTSn6117219667302638128911067739260NOUN9581630270VERB272666029Spoken:172525018cultured[1137] cultures[3900]文化(95%),栽培(4%),教养(1%)n.文化,文明;修养;栽培vt.[细胞][微] 培养(等于cultivate)
中文释义:culture noun OPAL WOPAL S /ˈkʌltʃə(r)/ /ˈkʌltʃər/ way of life生活方式  [uncountable] the customs and beliefs, art, way of life and social organization of a particular country or group文化,文明(指国家或群体的风俗、信仰、艺术、生活方式及社会组织)African/American/European/Islamic cultureworking-class culture工人阶级的文化the study of Japanese language and cultureCooking is a hugely important part of French culture.He is no longer in touch with youth culture.The film examines the culture clash between the generations.Extra ExamplesJokes are an important part of our popular oral culture.These ideas have always been central to Western culture.a country containing many language and culture groupsimmigrants who embrace American cultureThe Romans gradually assimilated the culture of the people they had conquered.Prisoners are isolated from the wider culture of society at large.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveancientprimitivedominant…verb + cultureassimilateembracebuild…culture + verbdevelopculture + noungroupshockclash…prepositionin a/​the culturephrasesa clash of culturesa culture of feara culture of secrecy…See full entry   [countable] a country, group, etc. with its own beliefs, etc.文化(指拥有特定信仰等的国家、群体等)The children are taught to respect different cultures.孩子们受到教导要尊重不同的文化。the effect of technology on traditional cultures技术对各种传统文化的影响Extra ExamplesChildren need to learn to understand cultures other than their own.In some cultures children have an important place.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveancientprimitivedominant…verb + cultureassimilateembracebuild…culture + verbdevelopculture + noungroupshockclash…prepositionin a/​the culturephrasesa clash of culturesa culture of feara culture of secrecy…See full entry art/music/literature艺术;音乐;文学  [uncountable] art, music, literature, etc., thought of as a group文化(艺术、音乐、文学等的统称)Venice is a beautiful city, full of culture and history.威尼斯是一座具有深厚文化和历史底蕴的美丽城市。the Minister for Culture文化部长 see also pop cultureExtra ExamplesThe paintings reflect African American culture.She is a woman of wide culture.Oxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectivecontemporarymodernpostmodern…phrasesa man of culturea woman of cultureSee full entry beliefs/attitudes看法;态度  [countable, uncountable] the beliefs and attitudes about something that people in a particular group or organization share文化(某群体或组织的一致看法和态度)We are living in a consumer culture.我们生活在一种消费文化之中。Corporate culture has become the dominant culture.The political cultures of the United States and Europe are very different.美国的政治观和欧洲的大不相同。You can't change the culture of an organization overnight. culture of something She believes the media have created a culture of fear.The company promotes a culture of innovation.A culture of failure exists in some schools.在某些学校中存在着失败文化。 see also canteen cultureExtra ExamplesNewcomers to the company are soon assimilated into the culture.The computer has changed the culture of the design profession.The new director is trying to foster a culture of open communication within the company.The social security system has been accused of producing a culture of dependency.the development of the enterprise culture in BritainOxford Collocations Dictionaryadjectiveancientprimitivedominant…verb + cultureassimilateembracebuild…culture + verbdevelopculture + noungroupshockclash…prepositionin a/​the culturephrasesa clash of culturesa culture of feara culture of secrecy…See full entry growing/breeding种植;养殖[uncountable] (specialist) the growing of plants or producing of particular animals in order to get a particular substance or crop from them种植;栽培;养殖;培育the culture of silkworms (= for silk)桑蚕养殖 cells/bacteria细胞;细菌[countable] (biology生物, medical医学) a group of cells or bacteria, especially one taken from a person or an animal and grown for medical or scientific study, or to produce food; the process of obtaining and growing these cells培养物;培养细胞;培养细菌;(为医疗、科研或食品生产而作的细胞或细菌的)培养a culture of cells from the tumour肿瘤细胞的培养Yogurt is made from active cultures.酸奶是由活性培养菌制成的。to do/take a throat culture采集喉部培养细胞 Word OriginMiddle English (denoting a cultivated piece of land): the noun from French culture or directly from Latin cultura ‘growing, cultivation’; the verb from obsolete French culturer or medieval Latin culturare, both based on Latin colere ‘tend, cultivate’ . In late Middle English the sense was ‘cultivation of the soil’ and from this (early 16th cent.), arose ‘cultivation (of the mind, faculties, or manners)’; sense (3) dates from the early 19th cent.Wordfindercivil rightsclassconformconventionculturecustomeliteequalityoutsidersocietyculture verb /ˈkʌltʃə(r)/ /ˈkʌltʃər/(biology生物, medical医学)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they culture /ˈkʌltʃə(r)/ /ˈkʌltʃər/ he / she / it cultures /ˈkʌltʃəz/ /ˈkʌltʃərz/ past simple cultured /ˈkʌltʃəd/ /ˈkʌltʃərd/ past participle cultured /ˈkʌltʃəd/ /ˈkʌltʃərd/ -ing form culturing /ˈkʌltʃərɪŋ/ /ˈkʌltʃərɪŋ/ culture something to grow a group of cells or bacteria for medical or scientific study培养(细胞或细菌)Word OriginMiddle English (denoting a cultivated piece of land): the noun from French culture or directly from Latin cultura ‘growing, cultivation’; the verb from obsolete French culturer or medieval Latin culturare, both based on Latin colere ‘tend, cultivate’ . In late Middle English the sense was ‘cultivation of the soil’ and from this (early 16th cent.), arose ‘cultivation (of the mind, faculties, or manners)’; sense (3) dates from the early 19th cent.
断词:cul‧ture
词源: culture  1 culture:教养,修养,文化,文明,栽培词根词缀: -cult-培育 + -ure名词词尾  2 culture:种植,栽培,文明,文化来自cult-,耕作。引申词义文化,即耕耘,培养。
辨析: civilization, culture 这组词都有“文化,文明”的意思,其区别是: civilization: 指广义的文化,标志人类发展开化的进程。强调物质方面的文明。 culture: 侧重指精神方面,即多由科技、文化等所体现的人类智力开发的程度。
正面音频:[音频]
所在组:高频词汇 Word List 1
序号:15
中文释义2:
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