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冰镇西瓜 发布时间:2021-05-13 23:26:53

雅思词汇牌组,卡片几千多张,数量很多

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单词:abandon
英文例句:We must abandon the plankton!
中文例句:我们一定得丢掉这些浮游生物!
高级释义:vt. 放弃,抛弃; 离弃,丢弃; 使屈从; 停止进行,终止n. 放任,放纵; 完全屈从于压制时态:abandoned, abandoning, abandons分布:放弃(76%),抛弃(21%),放纵(3%)→来自法语短语 a bandon. 前缀a-同ad-, 去,往。-band, 意愿。原指置于别人的意愿之下,任人处置,后喻指遗弃,词源同ban,命令,禁止, 同phone, 说,命令。抛弃,放弃(a不+ban+don给予→不禁止给出去→放弃)[ban=prohibit,表示"禁止"]vt.离弃,丢弃;遗弃,抛弃;放弃The wandering band abandoned her bandaged husband on Swan Island.流浪的乐队把她那位打着绷带的丈夫遗弃在天鹅岛上.【记】a+band乐队+on,一个乐队在舞台上。想想黑豹、唐朝、零点等疯狂的摇滚乐队,不仅他们在放纵,你们听他们的歌本身也是一种放纵。【反】salvage(vt 海上救助)verb transitive LEAVE 丢弃  IMPROVER  ■to leave a place, thing or person forever 离弃;放弃;抛弃;遗弃•We had to abandon the car.我们不得不弃车而去。•By the time the rebel troops arrived, the village had already been abandoned.当叛军杀到时,村民已经撤离了村庄。•As a baby he'd been abandoned by his mother.他在繦褓之中就被母亲遗弃了。•We were sinking fast, and the captain gave the order to abandon ship.我们的船沉得很快,船长下令弃船。[ə'bæn.dən] verb transitive STOP 停止  IMPROVER  ■to stop doing an activity before you have finished it 放弃;中止•The match was abandoned at half-time because of the poor weather conditions.由于天气状况太差,比赛进行了一半就停止了。•They had to abandon their attempt to climb the mountain.他们被迫放弃攀登这座山的打算。•The party has now abandoned its policy of unilateral disarmament.这个政党已经废止了其单方面裁军的政策。[ə'bæn.dən] verb transitive   Phrasal Verbs   [R] abandon yourself to sth ■to allow yourself to be controlled completely by a feeling or way of living 沉湎于;放纵•He abandoned himself to his emotions.他任由自己的情绪发泄。[ə'bæn.dən] noun literary with (gay/wild) abandon ■in a completely uncontrolled way 尽情;放纵•We danced with wild abandon.我们纵情跳舞。desert, leave, give up, forsake, abandon这组词都有“抛弃、放弃”的意思,其区别是:desert: 着重指违背法律责任和义务,或自己的信仰与誓言的行为,多含非难的意味。leave: 普通用词,指舍弃某事或某一职业,或终止同一某人的关系,但不涉及动机与果。give up: 普通用语,侧重指没有希望或因外界压力而放弃。forsake: 侧重断绝感情上的依恋,自愿抛弃所喜欢的人或物。也指抛弃信仰或改掉恶习。abandon: 强调永远或完全放弃或抛弃人或事物等,这可能是被迫的,也可能是自愿的。preclude, discard, abandon, eliminate, abolish, dismisspreclude: 排除discard: 丢弃,抛弃(可指人也可指物)abandon: 放弃(某物)eliminate: 消除,淘汰abolish: (依法)废除dismiss: 解雇n. 狂热;放任 - loose, maniavt. 遗弃;放弃 - desert, yield, quit
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必应:abandon [əˈbændən] - ※ ★★★ n. 放任;狂热 vt. 遗弃;放弃 时态: abandoned, abandoning, abandons (高研四六托宝 2182/2057)
牛津高阶:aban·don ★ AW /əˈbændən[图片]; NAmEəˈbændən[图片]/ verb, nounabandon abandons abandoned abandoning verb ★ 1. ★ to leave sb, especially sb you are responsible for, with no intention of returning (不顾责任、义务等)离弃,遗弃,抛弃 abandon~ sbThe baby had been abandoned by its mother. 这个婴儿被母亲遗弃了。 abandon~ sb to sthThe study showed a deep fear among the elderly of being abandoned to the care of strangers. 研究表明,老人十分害怕被丢给陌生人照管。2. ★ to leave a thing or place, especially because it is impossible or dangerous to stay (不得已而)舍弃,丢弃,离开 SYN leave abandon~ sthSnow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles. 大雪迫使许多驾驶者弃车步行。He gave the order to abandon ship (= to leave the ship because it was sinking). 他下令弃船(因船快要沉没)。 abandon~ sth to sb/sthThey had to abandon their lands to the invading forces. 他们不得不舍弃土地,让侵略军占领。3. ★ abandon~ sth to stop doing sth, especially before it is finished; to stop having sth 中止;放弃;不再有They abandoned the match because of rain. 因为下雨,他们中止了比赛。She abandoned hope of any reconciliation. 她对和解已不再抱有希望。4. to stop supporting or helping sb; to stop believing in sth 停止(支持或帮助);放弃(信念) abandon~ sbThe country abandoned its political leaders after the war. 战后该国人民不再拥护他们的政治领袖。 abandon~ sthBy 1930 he had abandoned his Marxist principles. * 1930 年时他已放弃了马克思主义信念。5. abandon~ yourself to sth (literary) to feel an emotion so strongly that you can feel nothing else 陷入,沉湎于(某种情感)He abandoned himself to despair. 他陷入绝望。 noun [U] (formal) an uncontrolled way of behaving that shows that sb does not care what other people think 放任;放纵He signed cheques with careless abandon. 他无所顾忌地乱开支票。IDM see gay adj. aban·don /əˈbændən[图片]; NAmEəˈbændən[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:
近义词辨析:
葛传椝英语惯用法:
词根:abandon 遗弃,抛弃→ 来自法语短语a bandon.a-词源同ad-,去,往,-band,说话,命令,词源同ban,phone.原指置于别人的命令之下,任人处置,后喻指遗弃。
优词词源: abandon  1 abandon:放弃发音释义:[ə'bænd(ə)n] vt.抛弃,放弃,放纵n.放任,狂热 词根分析:abandon = a(at,处于)+bandon(管辖权)→置身于……管辖之下→放弃。 词源解释:bandon←拉丁语bannum(宣告)←原始日耳曼语bannan(宣告、命令、禁止)。 背景知识:在欧洲的封建时期,领主有权在自己的领地发布公告,要求或禁止人们做什么,如禁止人们自建面包房、磨坊,只能使用领主所建的面包房和磨坊并支付使用费。因此这些表示这种“公告”的词衍生出“管辖权”的含义。 同源词:ban(禁令),banish(放逐),bandit(强盗、法外之徒),contraband(走私)。  2 abandon:遗弃,抛弃来自法语短语 a bandon. 前缀a-同ad-, 去,往。-band, 意愿。原指置于别人的意愿之下,任人处置,后喻指遗弃,词源同ban,命令,禁止, 同phone, 说,命令。  3 abandon:抛弃单词abandon来自古法语词组à bandon,由à(at,to)+bandon(权力,管辖权)组成,字面意思就是“使自己处于……的管辖之下”,常用来表示放弃自己的权利、独立性或应尽的义务。法语bandon(权力)与英语单词ban(禁令)有关,而ban原本指的是封建领主在自己的领地上拥有管辖权,可以发布公告,要求或禁止人们做什么。abandon:[ə'bænd(ə)n] vt.抛弃,放弃,放纵n.放任,狂热
单词:abandonment
英文例句:
中文例句:
高级释义:n. 放弃; 抛弃; 遗弃; 放任分布:放弃(90%),放纵(8%),自暴自弃(2%)N-UNCOUNT离弃;遗弃;抛弃The abandonment of a place, thing, or person is the act of leaving it permanently or for a long time, especially when you should not do so.例:...memories of her father's complete abandonment of her.对父亲完全弃她不顾的回忆N-UNCOUNT(工作、活动等的)中途放弃,中止The abandonment of a piece of work or activity is the act of stopping doing it before it is finished.例:Constant rain forced the abandonment of the next day's competitions.连绵阴雨致使翌日各项赛事被迫中止。N-UNCOUNT(想法或思路的)放弃The abandonment of an idea or way of thinking is the act of stopping having the idea or of stopping thinking in that way.例:...the government's abandonment of the policy.政府对这项政策的放弃n. [法] 抛弃;放纵 - rejection, loose
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必应:abandonment [əˈbændənmənt] n. 抛弃;放纵 (托 9919/8591)
牛津高阶:aban·don·ment AW /əˈbændənmənt[图片]; NAmEəˈbændənmənt[图片]/ noun [U] (formal) 1. the act of leaving a person, thing or place with no intention of returning 离弃;遗弃;抛弃2. the act of giving up an idea or stopping an activity with no intention of returning to it 放弃;中止the government's abandonment of its new economic policy 政府对新经济政策的放弃abandonment abandonments aban·don·ment /əˈbændənmənt[图片]; NAmEəˈbændənmənt[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:1. Her abandonment of the idea upset him.她放弃了这一意见,他很不高兴。2. In other words, nonuse does not constitute abandonment by itself.换句话说,不使用并不意味放弃。3. Such an artistic transformation, self-suppression or abandonment, is touching upon a truth of emotion and psyche, like an isolated emotion or attitude of self-respect.这种自我抑制或自我放纵的艺术转化,触及了一种情感上或者心理上的真实,就像孤绝的情感和自我尊重的态度。
近义词辨析:
葛传椝英语惯用法:
词根:
优词词源:
单词:abbreviation
英文例句:He found out the true meaning of the W abbreviation on the book.
中文例句:汉克在书上发现"W.W."缩写的真正含义。
高级释义:n. 省略,缩写,简化,缩写词,略语; [数学]约分; [音乐]略号分布:缩写(100%)noun countable ■a short form of a word or phrase 缩略,缩写•'ITV' is the abbreviation for 'Independent Television'.ITV 是 Independent Television(独立电视台)的缩写。n. [语] 缩写;缩写词 - abridgement, sigillum
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必应:abbreviation [əˌbri:viˈeɪʃn] n. 缩写;缩写词 (六托雅 20008/15465)
牛津高阶:ab·bre·vi·ation /əˌbriːviˈeɪʃn[图片]; NAmEəˌbriːviˈeɪʃn[图片]/ noun 1. [C] abbreviation~ (of/for sth) a short form of a word, etc. 略语;缩写词;缩写形式What's the abbreviation for ‘Saint’? * Saint 的缩写形式是什么?2. [U] the process of abbreviating sth 缩略;缩写abbreviation abbreviations ab·bre·vi·ation /əˌbriːviˈeɪʃn[图片]; NAmEəˌbriːviˈeɪʃn[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:1. All abbreviations are to be written out.所有的缩写都要完整地写出来2. UK is the abbreviation of the United Kingdom.UK是大不列颠联合王国的缩写。3. English abbreviation is seen everywhere now.英语缩略语的使用已遍及社会生活的各个领域。
近义词辨析:
葛传椝英语惯用法:
词根:
优词词源: abbreviationabbreviation:缩写,缩写词词根词缀: ab-加强意义 + -brev-短 + -iation名词词尾
单词:abeyance
英文例句:I missed my plane, so my plans are kind of in abeyance right now.
中文例句:我错过了我的班机,现在计划有所搁置。
高级释义:n. (法律、规则、习俗等)中止; 暂停; (法律、规则等)暂时失效; 处于暂时搁置(或中止)状态adj. 暂时搁置的,所有权未定的,暂缓执行的分布:暂时无效或停用(50%),暂时中止(50%)→前缀a-同ad-. -bey同词根bat,张嘴。指吃惊,反应不过来,后指暂停,中止。暂停,中止(a在+bey+ance-在期待中-观望,暂停)[bey=expect(期待)]【记】ab离开,ey=eye眼睛,ance名词后缀。何谓离开眼睛?大家小时候是不是在老师、家长的监督下做作业(不是也得是,想不想背单词了,别抬杠!)。当他们的眼睛盯着你的时候,作的特别认真是吧!一旦他们的眼睛离开了,不在家了,你是不是就放风了,你是不是就中止、搁置了做作业这项神圣的活动了。读:我被摁死!-想不停止也不行了【反】continuance(n 继续)【九阴真经第三章】变本加"利"。俗话说:分、分、分,学生的命根;我说:变、编、辩,背词儿的法宝。变是基础。像eat到ate,像ey到eye!还有很多的变,大家慢慢体会,培养敏感细胞。编是纽带。编故事谁都会,关键是联系中英文,关键是印象深刻!辩是没有办法的办法。辩是狡辩的辩,譬如:cinder(n 煤渣,矿渣)。发音酷似:辛迪(克劳夫)-世界名模,我就说他是渣滓,因为网上有很多不堪入目的图片。你不能因为盲目崇拜而放弃一个背单词的机会![ə'beɪ.ənts] formal noun uncountable ■a state of not happening or being used at present 搁置;暂时中止;暂缓•Hostilities between the two groups have been in abeyance since last June.从去年六月份以来,这两支军队一直处于休战状态。•The project is being held in abeyance until agreement is reached on funding it.在达成融资协议前,这个企划案被暂时搁置。n. 中止,停顿;归属待定,暂搁 - hang, discontinuation
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必应:abeyance [əˈbeɪəns] n. 中止,停顿;归属待定,暂搁 (宝 29581/19462)
牛津高阶:abey·ance /əˈbeɪəns[图片]; NAmEəˈbeɪəns[图片]/ noun [U] IDM in abeyance (formal) not being used, or being stopped for a period of time 搁置;暂停使用;暂时中止abey·ance /əˈbeɪəns[图片]; NAmEəˈbeɪəns[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:1. The decision was held in abeyance during the war.在战争期间,这项决定暂时搁下了。2. The question is in abeyance until we know more about it.问题暂时搁置,直到我们了解更多有关情况再行研究。3. The decision is in abeyance until he returns from holiday.那项决议在他度假回来之前一直搁置着。4. The rule has been in abeyance since 1966.这项规则从1966年起就已失效。
近义词辨析:
葛传椝英语惯用法:
词根:abeyance 中止→ a-,去,往,-bey,张嘴,词源同abash,bashful.引申词义吃惊,反应不过来,后指暂停,中止。
优词词源: abeyance  1 abeyance:搁置发音释义:[ə'beɪəns] n . 中止,停顿;归属待定,暂搁 结构分析:abeyance = a(处于)+bey(张嘴)+ance(名词后缀)→处于张嘴期待的状态→搁置、归属待定。 词源解释:bey←古法语baer←拉丁语batare(张嘴,打呵欠)。 背景知识:原本是个法律术语,在法语中表示“某人有望获得某份财产”,因此这个人就会“张嘴期待”,相当于我们中国人的习惯说法“翘首期待”。进入英语后表示“某份财产处于归属待定的状态”。现在在日常生活中表示某一工作或活动处于搁置、停顿状态。 同源词:abash(使困窘)、bay(海湾、狗吠声)。  2 abeyance:中止前缀a-同ad-. -bey同词根bat,张嘴。指吃惊,反应不过来,后指暂停,中止。  3 abeyance:中止,搁置 感叹词bah在现代英语中表示轻蔑、厌恶、不耐烦等,而ba在许多语言中则表示惊奇,是构成若干英语单词的主要成分。英语单词abash(使窘迫,使羞惭)源自古法语esbahir(使惊奇),词根为ba;另一个词bashful(羞怯的)是由abash之缩写形式bash加上后缀-ful所构成的, 词根也是ba。abeyance一词来自中世纪法语abeiance(期待),源于拉丁语batare(张口),主要成分也是ba。因此,abeyance原先含有 widemouthed anticipation 的意思,现在用以表示“(所有权等的)归属待定”、“中止”或“暂时搁置”等含义。
单词:abide
英文例句:Always abide by the road workers' instructions!
中文例句:永远遵守道路工人的指示!
高级释义:vt. 容忍,忍受; 等候; 遵守vi. 持续; 经受住,顶住; 居住,逗留时态:abided, abiding, abides分布:遵守(86%),忍受(10%),坚持(4%)→前缀a-来自古英语前缀ge-, 同com-, 表强调。bide,等待,停留。vi.(abode,abided)(by)遵守;坚持To abide the abiding bidding, the oxide bidder strides on the seaside.为了忍耐无休止的吩咐,氧化物投标者在海滨阔步行走.【记】a一人,bid投标。只有一人投标。大家参加过拍卖会吗?如果一件拍品只有一人投标,对于拍卖官来说是很痛苦的一件事情,他必须(容忍),力求激发会场的热情,抬高价格。但是,事与愿违,只有一人投标,所以只能(忍受)一锤定音的痛苦了。Ab离开,id=ID卡。我们的生活离开ID卡要[忍受]一定的痛苦。Ab离开,I爱,de拼:的-离开爱的:考GRE就要离开爱,但是为了事业,你要容忍,忍受。【反】miscreant(n 有罪的人)-law-abiding individual(遵守法纪的人)[ə'baɪd] old use verb intransitive usually + adverb or preposition can't abide sb/sth ■If you can't abide someone or something, you dislike them very much (因为厌恶而)不能忍受,无法容忍•I can't abide her.我真受不了她。•He couldn't abide laziness.他无法容忍懒惰。[ə'baɪd] old use verb intransitive usually + adverb or preposition LIVE 居住 ■to live or stay somewhere 居住;逗留;停留•He abided in the wilderness for forty days.他在荒野中渡过了40天。[ə'baɪd] old use verb intransitive usually + adverb or preposition   Phrasal Verbs   abide by sth ■to accept or obey an agreement, decision or rule 遵守,遵循(协议、决定或规章)•Competitors must abide by the judge's decision.参赛者必须服从裁判的裁决。conform, comply, abide, adhere这组词都有“遵守”的意思,其区别是:conform: v.后接to表示“遵守,符合”。 • All individuals are required to conform to the laws made by their governments.   每个人都应该遵守政府制订的法律。comply: v.后接with表示“遵守,服从”,用于正式的场合。 • Our company complies with governmental regulations on paying taxes.   我们公司遵守政府有关纳税的规定。abide: v.后接by表示“遵守,同意”。 • I will abide by the director' decision.   我将遵从主任的决定。adhere: v.后接to表示“遵守”。(当然adhere一词的其它意思如“坚持;粘附”也经常被考到。) • Car drivers must adhere to the rules of driving.   汽车司机必须遵守驾驶规则。withstand, tolerate, stand, endure, suffer, abide这组词都有“忍受”的意思,其区别是:withstand: 指因具有一定实力、权力或能力而能忍受某种情况。tolerate: 指以自我克制的态度,对待令人反感或厌恶的东西,含默认宽容意味。stand: 口语用词,常可与hear换用,但前者侧重指经受得起,后者强调容忍,是普通用语。endure: 书面用词,指长时间忍受痛苦和不幸,着重体力或意志力的坚强不屈服。suffer: 通常指非自愿或被迫忍受各种痛苦、困难或不快,强调受到苦难。abide: 指忍受长期的痛苦或折磨,强调耐心和屈从。多用于否定句和疑问句中。vt. 忍受,容忍;停留 - stomach, go, stand, tough, toleratevi. 持续;忍受;停留 - stay, hold, stomach
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必应:abide [əˈbaɪd] - ★ vi. 持续;忍受;停留 vt. 忍受,容忍;停留;遵守 时态: abided, abiding, abides (研六托宝 8457/9496)
牛津高阶:abide /əˈbaɪd[图片]; NAmEəˈbaɪd[图片]/ verb (abided, abided) HELP In sense 2 abode is also used for the past tense and past participle. 作第 2 义时过去时和过去分词也用 abode。1. [T] can't/couldn't abide sb/sth to dislike sb/sth so much that you hate having to be with or deal with them (十分厌恶而)不能容忍,无法容忍 SYN bear, stand I can't abide people with no sense of humour. 我讨厌和没有幽默感的人打交道。He couldn't abide the thought of being cooped up in an office. 一想到关在办公室里工作,他就觉得受不了。2. [I] + adv./prep. (old use or formal) to stay or live in a place 逗留;停留;居留;居住May joy and peace abide in us all. 愿我们大家都欢乐平安。 PHR V aˈbide by sth (formal) to accept and act according to a law, an agreement, etc. 遵守,遵循(法律、协议、协定等)You'll have to abide by the rules of the club. 你必须遵守俱乐部的规定。We will abide by their decision. 我们愿意遵从他们的决定。abide abides abided abode abiding abide /əˈbaɪd[图片]; NAmEəˈbaɪd[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:1. Everyone must abide by the law.所有的人都应遵守法律。2. Once you make a promise, you must abide by it.一旦你许诺,你必须遵守你的诺言。3. She can't abide that man.她不能忍受那个人。4. I cannot abide the loud noise anymore.我再也无法忍受这么大的噪音。
近义词辨析:conform, comply, abide, adhere这组词都有“遵守”的意思,其区别是:conform: v.后接to表示“遵守,符合”。All individuals are required to conform to the laws made by their governments. 每个人都应该遵守政府制订的法律。comply: v.后接with表示“遵守,服从”,用于正式的场合。Our company complies with governmental regulations on paying taxes. 我们公司遵守政府有关纳税的规定。abide: v.后接by表示“遵守,同意”。I will abide by the director' decision. 我将遵从主任的决定。adhere: v.后接to表示“遵守”。(当然adhere一词的其它意思如“坚持;粘附”也经常被考到。)Car drivers must adhere to the rules of driving. 汽车司机必须遵守驾驶规则。withstand, tolerate, stand, endure, suffer, abide这组词都有“忍受”的意思,其区别是:withstand: 指因具有一定实力、权力或能力而能忍受某种情况。tolerate: 指以自我克制的态度,对待令人反感或厌恶的东西,含默认宽容意味。stand: 口语用词,常可与hear换用,但前者侧重指经受得起,后者强调容忍,是普通用语。endure: 书面用词,指长时间忍受痛苦和不幸,着重体力或意志力的坚强不屈服。suffer: 通常指非自愿或被迫忍受各种痛苦、困难或不快,强调受到苦难。abide: 指忍受长期的痛苦或折磨,强调耐心和屈从。多用于否定句和疑问句中。
葛传椝英语惯用法:
词根:abide 停留→ a-,来自古英语ge-,表强调,bide,等待,停留。
优词词源: abide  1 abide:忍受发音释义:[ə'baɪd] vt. 忍受,容忍;停留;遵守vi. 持续;忍受;停留 结构分析:abide = a(处于)+bide(逗留)→停留→忍受。 词源解释:bide←古英语bidan(逗留)←原始日耳曼语bidan(逗留)。 同源词:bide(等待、居住,忍受)、abiding(持久的)、abode(住所、营业所)。  2 abide:停留前缀a-来自古英语前缀ge-, 同com-, 表强调。bide,等待,停留。
单词:ability
英文例句:He has the ability to decrease his visibility.
中文例句:他拥有降低自己视力的能力。
高级释义:n. 能力,资格; 能耐,才能分布:能力(85%),才能(15%)→来自able的名词形式。能力[abl,bili=able,表示"能力"]n.能力;本领;才能,才干;专门技能,天资Televisions and telescopes give the visitors visual ability to see the casual casualty.电视和望远镜赋予参观者们看见偶然伤亡事故的视觉能力.US [-ə.tˌi] noun countable or uncountable  ESSENTIAL  ■the physical or mental power or skill needed to do something (体力或智力方面的)能力;才能,才智•There's no doubting her ability.她的能力毋庸置疑。•[+ to infinitive] She had the ability to explain things clearly and concisely.她有能力简单扼要地把事情解释清楚。•She's a woman of considerable abilities.她是个非常有才干的女性。•I have children in my class of very mixed abilities (= different levels of skill or intelligence).我班里孩子的能力参差不齐。•a mixed ability class不同智力水准的学生混编的班级UK [ə'bɪl.ɪ.ti] US [-ə.tˌi] noun countable or uncountable   Common Learner Errors   abilityRemember that ability is never followed by 'of'.Don't say 'ability of doing something', say ability to do something :✗ I admire people who have the ability of being positive.I admire people who have the ability to be positive.gift, genius, aptitude, talent, capacity, capability, faculty, ability, competence这组词都有“能力,才能”的意思,其区别是:gift: 着重个人的天赋的才能或在某方面的显著本领,常暗含不能用一般规律作解释的意味。genius: 语气最强,指天赋的高度才能与智力。aptitude: 多指先天或后天习得的运用自如的能力,常暗示接受能力强,能迅速掌握一种学术训练或艺术技巧。talent: 着重指人某方面具有可发展和倍养的突出天赋才能,但语意比genius弱。capacity: 侧重指人的潜在能力,通常不指体力,多指才智,尤指接受与领悟能力。capability: 多用于人,指胜任某项具体工作的能力,也指本身具有、尚未发挥的潜在能力。常与of或for连用。faculty: 指特殊的才能或智力。ability: 普通用词,指人先天的或学来的各种能力。competence: 正式用词,侧重指令人满意的业务能力与水平,达到胜任某项工作等的要求。n. 能力,能耐;才能 - capacity, competence, talent, quality, power
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必应:ability [əˈbɪləti] - ※ ★★★★ n. 能力,能耐;才能 (中高研四托雅 783/946)
牛津高阶:abil·ity ★ /əˈbɪləti[图片]; NAmEəˈbɪləti[图片]/ noun (pl. abil·ities) 1. ★ [sing.] ability~ to do sth the fact that sb/sth is able to do sth 能力The system has the ability to run more than one program at the same time. 该系统能够同时运行一个以上的程序。Everyone has the right to good medical care regardless of their ability to pay. 无论支付能力如何,每个人都有权得到良好的医疗照顾。A gentle form of exercise will increase your ability to relax. 和缓的运动锻炼会提高自我放松的能力。 OPP inability 2. ★ [C, U] a level of skill or intelligence 才能;本领;才智Almost everyone has some musical ability. 几乎人人都有一些音乐才能。He was a man of extraordinary abilities. 他才干卓著。students of mixed abilities 能力各不相同的学生A woman of her ability will easily find a job. 有她那样才能的妇女找工作不难。I try to do my job to the best of my ability (= as well as I can). 我尽全力做好我的工作。ability abilities abil·ity /əˈbɪləti[图片]; NAmEəˈbɪləti[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:1. This is a task well within your ability.这完全是你力所能及的工作。2. She has the ability to keep calm in an emergency.她有处变不惊的本事。3. He is a man of great executive ability.他是个具有极高管理才能的人。4. The boy shows remarkable ability at math.这男孩显示出非凡的数学才能。
近义词辨析:gift, genius, aptitude, talent, capacity, capability, faculty, ability, competence这组词都有“能力,才能”的意思,其区别是:gift: 着重个人的天赋的才能或在某方面的显著本领,常暗含不能用一般规律作解释的意味。genius: 语气最强,指天赋的高度才能与智力。aptitude: 多指先天或后天习得的运用自如的能力,常暗示接受能力强,能迅速掌握一种学术训练或艺术技巧。talent: 着重指人某方面具有可发展和倍养的突出天赋才能,但语意比genius弱。capacity: 侧重指人的潜在能力,通常不指体力,多指才智,尤指接受与领悟能力。capability: 多用于人,指胜任某项具体工作的能力,也指本身具有、尚未发挥的潜在能力。常与of或for连用。faculty: 指特殊的才能或智力。ability: 普通用词,指人先天的或学来的各种能力。competence: 正式用词,侧重指令人满意的业务能力与水平,达到胜任某项工作等的要求。
葛传椝英语惯用法:1.ability 指体力或智力,后面通常接不定式,很少接 of 和动名词,如通常说 ability to do it, ability to lift a great stone 和 ability to write correct English,很少说 ability of doing it 等,但可以说 reading ability, writing ability, driving (驾驶) ability 等,也可以说 his ability in reading and writing, his ability in drawing 等。2.单独用 ability,除了可以从上下文看出指体力者以外,都指智力,如下面的 ability 都指智力:man of ability(有才的人),great ability(大才),in point of ability(就才能讲),He lacks ability. (他缺少才能。)复数形式 abilities 只指智力,不指体力,如 his abilities, manifold abilities 等都指智力。3.ability to do it, the ability to do it, an ability to do it 和his(或your 等)ability to do it 都可以说,第一种形式最不普通。
词根:ability 能力→ 来自able 的名词形式。
优词词源: ability  1 ability:能力来自able的名词形式。  2 ability:能力,才能ability来源于拉丁语动词habere(拥有,拿着)。 词根词缀: ab(le) + -ility名词词尾
单词:able
英文例句:I am able to walk on the cable.
中文例句:我能够在电缆上走路。
高级释义:adj. 能够的; 有能力的; 有才干的; 干练的分布:能干的(43%),有能力的(40%),能够的(17%)→词源同habit,习惯,来自词根hab,居住,拥有,能力。与后缀-able词义几乎完全重合。能够的[abl,bili=able,表示"能力"]a.有(能力,时间,知识等)做某事,有本事的It's a fable that the cable enables the disabled man to be able to walk.电缆使得残疾人能够行走是天方夜谭.adjective CAN DO 能做 be able to do sth  ESSENTIAL  ■to have the necessary physical strength, mental power, skill, time, money or opportunity to do something 能够做…•Will she be able to cope with the work?她能应付这项工作吗?•He's never been able to admit to his mistakes.他从来就不会承认自己的错误。•I'm sorry that I wasn't able to phone you yesterday.对不起,昨天我没能给你打电话。•It's so wonderful being able to see the sea from my window.能从我的视窗看到大海,真是太棒了。be better able to do something ■to find it easier to do something 更易于做某事•Get a good night's sleep and you'll feel better able to cope.晚上好好睡一觉,解决问题的能力会更好。  Common Learner Errors   ableAble is followed by a verb in the infinitive with 'to'.Do not say 'able do something' or 'able doing something', say able to do something.✗ I will be able start the job next week.I will be able to start the job next week.['eɪ.bl] adjective SKILFUL 有技巧的 ■clever or good at what you do 聪明能干的;有能力的•an able child/student/secretary聪明的孩子/有才华的学生/能干的秘书•This problem is now being looked at by some of the ablest minds/scientists in the country.现在国内一些最有才干的人/科学家正在研究这个难题。competent, able, capablecompetent: 指“胜任”,“合格”,或受过专业技术等训练的,但不是超群的能力。如:A doctor should be competent to treat many diseases. (医生应该能治多种病。)able: 为常用词,指具有做某事所需的力量,技巧,知识与时间等,一般下效率无关,用作定语表示能力超出平均水平。如:A cat is able to see in the dark. (猫在黑暗中能看见东西。)capable: 指满足一般要求的能力,可以是表现出来的,也可是潜在的,搭配是be capable of +doing。用作定语,表示的能力没有able表示的能力强。如:He is capable of running a mile in a minute. (他能在一分钟内跑完一英里。)He is a very capable doctor. (他是一位很好的大夫。)adj. 能; [经管] 有能力的;能干的 - capable, efficient, competent
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必应:able [ˈeɪbl] - ※ ★★★★★ adj. 能;[经管] 有能力的;能干的 n. (Able)人名;(伊朗)阿布勒;(英)埃布尔 (中高 385/295)
牛津高阶:able ★ WORD FAMILYable adj. (≠ unable) ably adv. ability noun (≠ inability) disabled adj. disability noun /ˈeɪbl[图片]; NAmEˈeɪbl[图片]/ adj. 1. ★ able~ to do sth (used as a modal verb 用作情态动词) to have the skill, intelligence, opportunity, etc. needed to do sth 能;能够You must be able to speak French for this job. 干这项工作你得会说法语。A viral illness left her barely able to walk. 一场病毒引起的疾病使她走路都十分困难。I didn't feel able to disagree with him. 我觉得无法不同意他的意见。Will you be able to come? 你能来吗? OPP unable ➔ note at can 12. (abler /ˈeɪblə(r)[图片]; NAmEˈeɪblər[图片]/, ablest /ˈeɪblɪst[图片]; NAmEˈeɪblɪst[图片]/) intelligent; good at sth 有才智的;有才能的;(某方面)擅长的the ablest student in the class 班上最有才华的学生We aim to help the less able in society to lead an independent life. 我们的宗旨是帮助社会上能力较弱的人独立生活。 ➔ see also ably able abler ablest able /ˈeɪbl[图片]; NAmEˈeɪbl[图片]/abler /ˈeɪblə(r)[图片]; NAmEˈeɪblər[图片]/ablest /ˈeɪblɪst[图片]; NAmEˈeɪblɪst[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:1. We shall be able to deal with all sorts of problem.我们应该能够应付各种困难。2. She bet me 20 that I wouldn't be able to give up smoking.她和我打20英镑的赌,说我戒不了烟。3. Free will makes us able to choose our way of life.自由的意志使我们可以选择自己的生活方式。4. By no means was he able to handle it.这件事他绝对没办法处理。
近义词辨析:competent, able, capablecompetent: 指“胜任”,“合格”,或受过专业技术等训练的,但不是超群的能力。A doctor should be competent to treat many diseases. 医生应该能治多种病。able: 为常用词,指具有做某事所需的力量,技巧,知识与时间等,一般下效率无关,用作定语表示能力超出平均水平。A cat is able to see in the dark. 猫在黑暗中能看见东西。capable: 指满足一般要求的能力,可以是表现出来的,也可是潜在的,搭配是be capable of +doing。用作定语,表示的能力没有able表示的能力强。He is capable of running a mile in a minute. (他能在一分钟内跑完一英里。)He is a very capable doctor. 他是一位很好的大夫。
葛传椝英语惯用法:1.able 后面的不定式通常不属于被动语态,如通常不说 The mistake is able to be corrected,最好改作 The mistake is capable of being corrected。2.able 指能力,不一定意味着实行,如“经过了两个月的步行,他们到达了目的地”通常不说 After a two-month tramp they were able to reach their destination,而用下面的任何一种:After a two-month tramp they reached their destination.After a two-month tramp they succeeded in reaching their destination.After a two-month tramp they managed to reach their destination.
词根:able 有能力的→ 词源同habit,持,握,习惯,与后缀-able 词义几乎完全重合。
优词词源: able  1 able:有能力的词源同habit,习惯,来自词根hab,居住,拥有,能力。与后缀-able词义几乎完全重合。  2 able:有能力的,能干的able来源于拉丁语动词habere(拥有,拿着)。
单词:abnormal
英文例句:It's very abnormal for a sheep to be pink!
中文例句:羊是粉红色的太反常了!
高级释义:adj. 反常的,异常的; 不规则的; 变态的,畸形的; 邪门儿分布:不正常的(56%),反常的(26%),变态的(13%),不正常的人(5%)→前缀ab-, 离开,非。normal,正常。反常的(ab+normal正常的)[ab-,abs-加在词根前,表示"相反,变坏,离去"等]异常的,反常的(ab离开+normal正常的)[norm=rule,norm,表示"规则,规范"]a.反常的,不正常的,不规则的Normally, enormous deformation is abnormal.通常,巨大的变形是不正常的.US [-'nɔ:r-] adjective  ADVANCED  ■different from what is usual or average, especially in a way that is bad 反常的,异常的,变态的(尤指不好的)•abnormal behaviour/weather/conditions反常的行为/天气/情况•Tests revealed some abnormal skin cells.检验结果显示一些皮肤细胞异常。abnormal, unusualabnormal: 变态的,反常的unusual: 不常见的,不普通的,难得的uncommon, abnormal, disordered这组词都有“反常的”的意思,其区别是:uncommon: a.罕见的,不平常的,指很少经历或很少见到的状况;特别的,出色的。 • Hurricanes are uncommon in England.   飓风在英国非常罕见。 • That is uncommon instant coffee; it tastes great!   那速溶咖啡质量上乘,味道好极了!abnormal: a.不正常的,反常的(但并非罕见),指行为或现象(如气候)的异常。 • His body temperature has been abnormal for 3 days, the highest point reaching 40.5 degree centigrade.   他的体温三天来一直都不正常,最高的时候达到40.5摄氏度。(尽管身体发烧不正常,但生活中也时有发生。)disordered: a.混乱的,杂乱的;(精神或身体)有病的。 • We couldn't understand her disordered presentation.   我们听不明白她条理不清的陈述。 • hehe, then I'd better face my belly downward the ground.  adj. 反常的,不规则的;变态的 - unnatural, eccentric
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必应:abnormal [æbˈnɔ:ml] - ★ adj. 反常的,不规则的;变态的 (高研四六托雅 8241/6548)
牛津高阶:ab·nor·mal AW /æbˈnɔːml[图片]; NAmEæbˈnɔːrml[图片]/ adj. different from what is usual or expected, especially in a way that is worrying, harmful or not wanted 不正常的;反常的;变态的;畸形的abnormal levels of sugar in the blood 血糖值不正常They thought his behaviour was abnormal. 他们认为他行为反常。 OPP normal ▸ ab·nor·mal·ly AW /æbˈnɔːməli[图片]; NAmEæbˈnɔːrməli[图片]/ adv. abnormally high blood pressure 异常高的血压ab·nor·mal /æbˈnɔːml[图片]; NAmEæbˈnɔːrml[图片]/ab·nor·mal·ly /æbˈnɔːməli[图片]; NAmEæbˈnɔːrməli[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:1. We were very surprised at his abnormal behavior.我们对他的反常行为感到非常吃惊。2. At one time, she is fine, but at another, she is abnormal.有时候,她表现得很好,有时候又失常。3. He is mentally abnormal.他精神不正常。4. It's abnormal for the boy to eat so much.这个孩子吃这么多是不正常的。5. This is an abnormal phenomenon and we must work seriously to eradicate it.这是一种很不正常的现象,一定要认真扭转。
近义词辨析:abnormal, unusualabnormal: 变态的,反常的unusual: 不常见的,不普通的,难得的uncommon, abnormal, disordered这组词都有“反常的”的意思,其区别是:uncommon: a.罕见的,不平常的,指很少经历或很少见到的状况;特别的,出色的。Hurricanes are uncommon in England. 飓风在英国非常罕见。That is uncommon instant coffee; it tastes great! 那速溶咖啡质量上乘,味道好极了!abnormal: a.不正常的,反常的(但并非罕见),指行为或现象(如气候)的异常。His body temperature has been abnormal for 3 days, the highest point reaching 40.5 degree centigrade. 他的体温三天来一直都不正常,最高的时候达到40.5摄氏度。(尽管身体发烧不正常,但生活中也时有发生。)disordered: a.混乱的,杂乱的;(精神或身体)有病的。We couldn't understand her disordered presentation. 我们听不明白她条理不清的陈述。hehe, then I'd better face my belly downward the ground.
葛传椝英语惯用法:
词根:abnormal 不正常的→ ab-,不,非,normal,正常的。
优词词源: abnormal  1 abnormal:不正常的,反常的 词根词缀: ab-分离,脱离 + -norm-正规,常规 + -al形容词词尾 → 离开常规的  2 abnormal:不正常的前缀ab-, 离开,非。normal,正常。
单词:aboard
英文例句:We stayed aboard the ship for several hours. It was lovely.
中文例句:我们在船上待了好几个小时,这里真爽。
高级释义:prep. 在(船、飞机、车)上,上(船、飞机、车); 上车adv. 在船(或飞机、车)上,上船(或飞机、车); 靠船边; 在船上; 在火车上分布:上船(38%),在船上(21%),上飞机(16%),上车(10%),在飞机上(9%),在火车上(6%)→来自古英语on board. 单词board, 板,代指船板,船。ad. & prep.在船(飞机,车)上;ad.上船(飞机)The roaring oar hit the coarse keyboard on the cupboard aboard the boat.轰鸣的桨击中了船上碗柜上的粗糙键盘.US [-'bɔ:rd] adverb preposition  ADVANCED  ■used when talking about getting onto a ship, aircraft, bus or train 上船(或飞机、公共汽车、火车);在船(或飞机、公共汽车、火车)•The flight attendant welcomed us aboard.空服员迎候我们登机。•Welcome aboard flight BA345 to Tokyo.欢迎乘坐飞往东京的 BA345 航班。•The train's about to leave. All aboard!火车即将离站,请所有乘客上车!•We spent two months aboard ship (= on the ship).我们坐了两个月的船。aboard, broad, abroad, boardaboard: 在船(或飞机,车)上。如:I never went aboard a ship.broad: 为形容词,宽广的。如:He has very broad shoulders.abroad: 副词,在国外或海外。如:He often goes abroad.board: 为动词,上(船,飞机,车)。如:The passengers are boarding the plane now.adv. [航] 在飞机上; [军] [船] [交] 在船上;在火车上 - onboard, ashipboard
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必应:aboard [əˈbɔ:d] - ★★ prep. 在…上 adv. 在飞机上;[船] 在船上;在火车上 (高研四托 4984/7625)
牛津高阶:aboard /əˈbɔːd[图片]; NAmEəˈbɔːrd[图片]/ adv., prep. on or onto a ship, plane, bus or train 在(船、飞机、公共汽车、火车等)上;上(船、飞机、公共汽车、火车等) SYN on board We went aboard. 我们上了船。He was already aboard the plane. 他已经登机了。The plane crashed, killing all 157 passengers aboard. 飞机坠毁,机上 157 名乘客全部遇难。All aboard! (= the bus, boat, etc. is leaving soon) 请大家上车(或船等)!(表示马上就要开了)Welcome aboard! (= used to welcome passengers or a person joining a new organization, etc.) 欢迎各位乘客!;欢迎加盟(新组织等)!aboard /əˈbɔːd[图片]; NAmEəˈbɔːrd[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:1. Little Tom and the sailors spent two months aboard.小汤姆和水手们在船上过了两个月。2. All passengers aboard fell into the river.船上所有乘客皆落入河中。3. A limited menu is available aboard the train, but a nice bottle of vin rouge and a simple picnic hamper will enhance your Orient-Express fantasy.在火车上提供的食物很有限,自备一瓶上好法国红葡萄酒和一份简单的野餐食盒,将会提升你东方快车之旅的乐趣。4. The children were so excited to be taken aboard for the first time.那些小孩第一次被带上飞机,简直兴奋极了。5. They were the last two to go aboard the ship.他们是最後两位上船的。
近义词辨析:aboard, broad, abroad, boardaboard: 在船(或飞机,车)上。I never went aboard a ship.broad: 为形容词,宽广的。He has very broad shoulders.abroad: 副词,在国外或海外。He often goes abroad.board: 为动词,上(船,飞机,车)。The passengers are boarding the plane now.
葛传椝英语惯用法:aboard 在英国通常指“上船”或“在船上”,在美国往往指“上车”或“在车上”,“上飞机”或“在飞机上”。
词根:aboard 上船,上飞机,上火车→ 来自古英语on board.
优词词源: aboard  1 aboard:上船,飞机,火车等来自古英语on board. 单词board, 板,代指船板,船。  2 aboard(在船上):古代人用木头做船古代人很早就学会了制作木船的工艺。英语单词aboard就反映了这一历史背景。aboard由a(=on)+board(木板)构成。古代小船基本上就是由几块木板构成的,所以board又可以延伸表示“木船”,因此aboard就是“在船上”的意思。后来,随着交通工具的进步,aboard的词义也随之扩展,除了可以表示“在船上”外,还可以表示在火车上、在飞机上。 aboard:[ə'bɔːd] adv.在船上,在火车上,在飞机上  3 aboard:在船(飞机或车)上;上船(飞机或车)词根词缀: a-在,到 + board甲板
单词:abolish
英文例句:This president abolished slavery in America.
中文例句:这位总统废除了美国奴隶制。
高级释义:vt. 废除,废止; 取消,革除; 消灭; 撤销时态:abolished, abolishing, abolishes分布:废除(83%),消灭(13%),革除(4%)→前缀ab-, 离开,非。词根ol,生长,滋养,同old, adult.废除[abol=do away with(消除)]vt.废除(法律,习惯等);取消Bad customs should be abolished.我们应当废除坏的风俗.US [-'bɑ:.lɪʃ] verb transitive  ADVANCED  ■to end an activity or custom officially 废除,废止•I think bullfighting should be abolished.我认为应该废止斗牛。•National Service was abolished in Britain in 1962.英国的国民兵役制度于1962年废止。repeal, delete, cancel, abolishrepeal: 书面用词,指撤销立法机关通过的协议、法案或法律等。delete: vt. 删除cancel: 用法广泛,多指取消债务、合同、证书、比赛、旅行、计划或约会等。abolish: 正式用词,指彻底废除某种制度、规章或习俗。extinguish, dispose, erase, exclude, cancel, eliminate, abolish这组词都有“取消,除掉”的意思,其区别是:extinguish: v.熄灭,扑灭(火);使沉默,使暗淡。 • Firefighters extinguished a big fire.   消防队员扑灭了大火。dispose: v.处理,处置;表示“除掉、扔掉”时常与of连用。(这一点需要注意。) • After your picnic, please dispose of the litter.   野餐后请清除掉垃圾。erase: v.除去,擦掉,指有意识地除去字迹、声音等。 • I erased the music on the tape before recording on the tape again.   我在往磁带上录音之前先消掉了上面的音乐。exclude: v.排斥;排除,不包括在内,与include互为反义词。 • The restaurant excludes anyone who is not properly dressed from entering.   衣冠不整者不得进入该餐馆。cancel: v.对预先安排的某种活动(如旅行、计划、会议等)的取消;删去(字、句)。 • The meeting has been cancelled because of the flu.   会议由于流感而取消了。eliminate: v.指消除、淘汰已经存在但是现在不需要的东西。 • The losing team was eliminated from further competition.   失利的那个队被淘汰了,不能参加下一阶段的比赛。 • The doctor helped him eliminate toxins from the intestine.   医生帮助他排出肠中毒素。abolish: v.指对法律、习俗、制度的废除;完全破坏。 • The government abolished the tax on alcohol.   政府取消了酒税。preclude, discard, abandon, eliminate, abolish, dismisspreclude: 排除discard: 丢弃,抛弃(可指人也可指物)abandon: 放弃(某物)eliminate: 消除,淘汰abolish: (依法)废除dismiss: 解雇vt. 废除,废止;取消,革除 - recall, suppress
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必应:abolish [əˈbɒlɪʃ] - ★★ vt. 废除,废止;取消,革除 时态: abolished, abolishing, abolishes (高研六托雅宝 7490/3736)
牛津高阶:abol·ish /əˈbɒlɪʃ[图片]; NAmEəˈbɑːlɪʃ[图片]/ verb abolish~ sth to officially end a law, a system or an institution 废除,废止(法律、制度、习俗等)This tax should be abolished. 这种税应该取消。abolish abolishes abolished abolishing abol·ish /əˈbɒlɪʃ[图片]; NAmEəˈbɑːlɪʃ[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:1. Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery in the United States.亚伯拉罕·林肯在美国废除了奴隶制。2. There are many bad customs and laws that ought to be abolished.有许多不良的习俗和法规应予以废除。3. They petitioned the government to abolish hanging.他们向政府请愿,要求废除绞刑。4. The legislature passed a law to abolish the surtax.立法机关通过了一项废除附加税的法令。
近义词辨析:repeal, delete, cancel, abolishrepeal: 书面用词,指撤销立法机关通过的协议、法案或法律等。delete: vt. 删除cancel: 用法广泛,多指取消债务、合同、证书、比赛、旅行、计划或约会等。abolish: 正式用词,指彻底废除某种制度、规章或习俗。extinguish, dispose, erase, exclude, cancel, eliminate, abolish这组词都有“取消,除掉”的意思,其区别是:extinguish: v.熄灭,扑灭(火);使沉默,使暗淡。Firefighters extinguished a big fire. 消防队员扑灭了大火。dispose: v.处理,处置;表示“除掉、扔掉”时常与of连用。(这一点需要注意。)After your picnic, please dispose of the litter. 野餐后请清除掉垃圾。erase: v.除去,擦掉,指有意识地除去字迹、声音等。I erased the music on the tape before recording on the tape again. 我在往磁带上录音之前先消掉了上面的音乐。exclude: v.排斥;排除,不包括在内,与include互为反义词。The restaurant excludes anyone who is not properly dressed from entering. 衣冠不整者不得进入该餐馆。cancel: v.对预先安排的某种活动(如旅行、计划、会议等)的取消;删去(字、句)。The meeting has been cancelled because of the flu. 会议由于流感而取消了。eliminate: v.指消除、淘汰已经存在但是现在不需要的东西。The losing team was eliminated from further competition. 失利的那个队被淘汰了,不能参加下一阶段的比赛。The doctor helped him eliminate toxins from the intestine. 医生帮助他排出肠中毒素。abolish: v.指对法律、习俗、制度的废除;完全破坏。The government abolished the tax on alcohol. 政府取消了酒税。preclude, discard, abandon, eliminate, abolish, dismisspreclude: 排除discard: 丢弃,抛弃(可指人也可指物)abandon: 放弃(某物)eliminate: 消除,淘汰abolish: (依法)废除dismiss: 解雇
葛传椝英语惯用法:
词根:abolish 废除→ ab-,离开,不,非,-ol,生长,滋养,词源同old,adult.即不再生长。
优词词源: abolish  1 abolish:废止发音释义:[ə'bɒlɪʃ] vt. 废除,废止;取消,革除 结构分析:abolish = ab(离开)+oli(生长)+sh(后缀)→使停止生长→废止,取消。 词源解释:oli←拉丁语adolere(生长)←原始印欧词根ol-eye-(生长)。 同源词:abolition(废止)、old(变老),adolescent(青少年),adolescence(青春期)。  2 abolish:废除前缀ab-, 离开,非。词根ol,生长,滋养,同old, adult. 即不再生长。-ish,动词后缀,词源同finish.  3 abolish:废除,取消(制度,做法,风俗等)来源于拉丁语动词aboleo, abolere(废除)→ 拉丁词干-ol-(生长) 词根词缀: ab-脱离 + -ol-生长 + -ish动词词尾 → 使停止生长
单词:abolition
英文例句:The abolition of foot-binding was a great step forward for China.
中文例句:废除裹脚对中国而言是一个巨大的进步。
高级释义:n. 废除; 废止; (常用A-)<美史>废除死刑; 〈美〉废除黑奴制度分布:废除(85%),废止(15%)【源】源于动词abolish(v 废除)【反】persist in slavery(坚持奴隶制)N-UNCOUNT(制度、习俗等的)废除,废止The abolition of something such as a system or practice is its formal ending.例:...the abolition of slavery in Brazil and the Caribbean.巴西及加勒比地区奴隶制的废除n. [法] 废除;废止 - destoolment, abrogation
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必应:abolition [ˌæbəˈlɪʃn] n. 废除;废止 (托宝 13737/5158)
牛津高阶:abo·li·tion /ˌæbəˈlɪʃn[图片]; NAmEˌæbəˈlɪʃn[图片]/ noun [U] the ending of a law, a system or an institution (法律、制度、习俗等的)废除,废止the abolition of slavery 奴隶制的废除abo·li·tion /ˌæbəˈlɪʃn[图片]; NAmEˌæbəˈlɪʃn[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:1. He long urged the abolition of capital punishment.他长期要求废除死刑。2. It has been two years since the abolition of the custom.这种习俗已经废止两年了。3. The abolition of foreign stereotypes was demanded in that report, yet some comrades are still promoting them.这里叫洋八股废止,有些同志却实际上还在提倡。
近义词辨析:
葛传椝英语惯用法:
词根:
优词词源:
单词:abortion
英文例句:That person had an abortion.
中文例句:那个人曾经流过产。
高级释义:n. 流产; 流产的胎儿; 畸形; 夭折分布:流产(57%),堕胎(43%)US [-'bɔ:r-] noun END OF PREGNANCY 停止怀孕  ADVANCED  countable or uncountable ■the intentional ending of a pregnancy, usually by a medical operation (通常指透过手术进行的)堕胎,人工流产•She decided to have/get an abortion.她决定做人工流产。•Abortion is restricted in some American states.美国一些州禁止堕胎。 Compare miscarriage ; stillbirthUK [ə'bɔ:.ʃən] US [-'bɔ:r-] noun STOP 停止 countable slang ■a failure 失败•This project is a complete abortion.这个企划案彻底失败了。n. [妇产] 流产,小产;流产的胎儿 - miscarriage, misbirth
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必应:abortion [əˈbɔ:ʃn] - ★★★ n. 流产,堕胎,小产;流产的胎儿;(计划等)失败,夭折 (高雅 1969/4341)
牛津高阶:abor·tion /əˈbɔːʃn[图片]; NAmEəˈbɔːrʃn[图片]/ noun 1. [U] the deliberate ending of a pregnancy at an early stage 人工流产;堕胎;打胎to support/oppose abortion 支持╱反对堕胎a woman's right to abortion 妇女做人工流产的权利abortion laws 堕胎法I've always been anti-abortion. 我一直反对堕胎。2. [C] a medical operation to end a pregnancy at an early stage 人工流产手术;堕胎手术She decided to have an abortion. 她决定做人工流产。 SYN termination ➔ compare miscarriage abortion abortions abor·tion /əˈbɔːʃn[图片]; NAmEəˈbɔːrʃn[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:1. Abortion is illegal in this country.人工流产在这个国家是不合法的。2. She decided not to go through with the abortion.她决定不做流产。3. Abortion issues are political dynamite.堕胎问题在政治上是个爆炸性问题。4. They are discussing the morality of abortion.他们正在讨论堕胎的道德性。
近义词辨析:
葛传椝英语惯用法:
词根:
优词词源: abortionabortion:流产,堕胎  词根词缀: ab-分离,脱离 + ort←-ori-升起,开始 + -ion名词词尾
单词:abortive
英文例句:The speculators abandoned their abortive attack on the dollar.
中文例句:这些投机者放弃了对美元无结果的攻击。
高级释义:adj. 失败的; 流产的; 发育不全的; 未遂分布:失败的(53%),流产的(37%),发育不全的(10%)【记】abort[SAT词汇](vi 异常中断;中途失败;夭折;流产),ab远离,or=ori产生,tive形容词后缀―远离产生-无结果的;玩计算机的同学,还记得这两行吗?Not ready reading drive A:Abort, Retry, Fail? US [-'bɔ:r.tˌɪv] formal adjective ■describes an attempt or plan that you have to give up because it has failed 失败的,夭折的;无结果的•He made two abortive attempts on the French throne.他两次试图登上法国王位,结果都失败了。adj. 失败的; [妇产] 流产的;堕胎的 - losing, failing
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必应:abortive [əˈbɔ:tɪv] - ★ adj. 失败的;流产的;堕胎的 (托宝 22876/11818)
牛津高阶:abort·ive /əˈbɔːtɪv[图片]; NAmEəˈbɔːrtɪv[图片]/ adj. (formal) (of an action 行动) not successful; failed 不成功的;失败的 SYN unsuccessful an abortive military coup 一次流产的军事政变abortive attempts to divert the course of the river 河流改道不遂的尝试abort·ive /əˈbɔːtɪv[图片]; NAmEəˈbɔːrtɪv[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:1. We had to abandon our abortive attempts.我们的尝试没有成功,不得不放弃。2. Somehow the whole abortive affair got into the FBI files.这件早已夭折的案子不知怎么就进了联邦调查局的档案。3. All efforts to trace and locate her next of kin proved abortive.一切追查并找到其亲属的努力证明流产了。4. Even an abortive attempt is better than a failed strategy.即使是不成熟的尝试,也胜于胎死腹中的策略。
近义词辨析:
葛传椝英语惯用法:
词根:
优词词源:
单词:about
英文例句:He thinks about his girlfriend every day.
中文例句:他每天都要想他女朋友。
高级释义:prep. 关于; 大约; 在…周围adv. 大约; 在附近; 在四周; 几乎adj. 在附近的; 四处走动的; 在起作用的; 在流行中的分布:关于(47%),大约(37%),到处(6%),附近(3%),在流行中的(3%),在周围(1%),正要的(1%),在 ... 周围(1%),即将的(1%)→来自古英语onbutan, a- 同on , -b同by, -ut为out词根。字面意思为在外面的,后指大约。ad.在周围;大约prep.关于;在周围a.准备Tell me something about your trip.说说你旅游的情况吧.preposition CONNECTED WITH 和…有关  ESSENTIAL  ■on the subject of; connected with 在…方面;有关,关于,涉及•What's that book about?这本书是关于甚么的?•a film about the Spanish Civil War反映西班牙内战的电影•We were talking/laughing about Sophie.我们正谈论 / 嘲笑索菲。•He's always (going) on about what a great job he's got.他总是喋喋不休地炫耀他的工作有多么好。•I'm worried about David.我真为大卫担心。•I really don't know what all the fuss is about.我真不知道这么大惊小怪到底是怎么回事。•I wish you'd do something about (= take action to solve the problem of) your bedroom - it's a real mess.我希望你能收拾一下你的卧室——里面乱七八糟。•UK informal Could you make me a coffee too while you're about it (= while you are making one for yourself) ?你去冲咖啡的时候能不能给我也弄一杯?•What didn't you like about the play?这出剧哪些地方你不喜欢?•There's something about (= in the character of) her attitude that worries me.她态度中表现出的一些问题让我担心。•There's something special about him (= in his character).他性格中有种与众不同的东西。•"Is that your car?" "Yes, what about it (= why are you asking me) ?"“那是你的车吗?”“是的,怎么啦?”(有时这种说话方式带有一种愤怒或威胁的语气)  Common Learner Errors   about or regarding?Warning: about is usually only used to introduce a topic in informal styles.In formal writing, don't use 'About...', use Regarding... or With regard to... :✗ About my wages, I kindly request that you review the situation.[ə'baʊt] preposition NO ORDER 没有条理  IMPROVER  (US around) ■positioned around a place, often without a clear purpose or order 无序地,凌乱地•Their belongings were flung about the room.他们的东西被凌乱地丢在房间里。[ə'baʊt] preposition POSITION 位置 UK slightly formal ■in a particular place 在特定的地方•Do you have such a thing as a pen about you/your person (= Have you got a pen) ?你身上会不会碰巧有笔?[ə'baʊt] preposition How/What about?  ADVANCED  ■used when suggesting or offering something to someone (用于建议或主动提供给别人某物)…怎么样?•How about a trip to the zoo this afternoon?今天下午去动物园好不好?•"Coffee, Sarah?" "No, thanks." "What about you, Kate?"“萨拉,要咖啡吗?”“不了,谢谢” “凯特,你呢?”[ə'baʊt] adverb APPROXIMATELY 大约  ESSENTIAL  ■a little more or less than the stated number or amount; approximately 大约,大概,左右•about six feet tall高约六英尺•about two months ago大约两个月前•"What time are you leaving work today?" "About five."“你今天甚么时候下班?”“五点左右。”•We're about (= almost) ready to leave.我们差不多准备好要走了。•Well, I think that's about it for now (= we have almost finished what we are doing for the present).好啦,我想现在已经差不多做完了。[ə'baʊt] adverb ALL DIRECTIONS 全部方向  IMPROVER  (US around) ■in many different directions 四面八方•They heard someone moving about outside.他们听到外面有人走动。•I've been running about all morning trying to find you.我跑了一个早上到处找你。[ə'baʊt] adverb NO ORDER 没有条理  IMPROVER  (US around) ■positioned around a place, often without a clear purpose or order 无序地,凌乱地•She always leaves her clothes lying about on the floor.她的衣服总是东一件西一件乱丢在地板上。[ə'baʊt] adverb PLACE 地方 ■in or near a place 在…里或附近•Is John about (= somewhere near) ?约翰在附近吗?•There's a lot of flu about (= many people have it) at the moment.目前这一带很多人患流感。[ə'baʊt] adjective INTENDING 打算 be about to do sth  IMPROVER  ■to be going to do something very soon 刚要…;行将…•I was about to leave when Mark arrived.马克到的时候我刚要走。•She looked as if she was about to cry.她看来好像马上就要哭出来了。almost, approximately, about, nearly, roughly, around这组词都有“大约,差不多”的意思,其区别是:almost: 指在程度上相差很小,差不多。approximately: 多用于书面语,指精确度接近某个标准以致误差可忽略不计。about: 常可分almost和nearly换用,但about用于表示时间、数量的“大约”时,实际数量可能多也可能少。nearly: 与almost含义基本相同,侧重指数量、时间或空间上的接近。roughly: 指按精略估计,常代替about。around: 多用于非正式场合,常见于美国英语。about, round, around这组词都有“在周围、在附近”的意思,其区别是:about: 既可表静态,也可表动态。round: 主要用于英国,多半指动态。around: 主要用于美国,静态或动态均可。prep. 关于;大约 - concerning, as for, with reference to, round, in relation toadj. 在附近的;四处走动的;在起作用的 - close-at-handadv. 大约;周围;到处 - around, approximately, everywhere, throughout, something
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必应:about [əˈbaʊt] - ※ ★★★★★ prep. 关于;大约 n. 大致;粗枝大叶;不拘小节的人 adj. 在附近的;四处走动的;在起作用的 adv. 大约;周围;到处 n. (About)人名;(法)阿布 (中高 46/63)
牛津高阶:about ★ /əˈbaʊt[图片]; NAmEəˈbaʊt[图片]/ adv., prep., adj. adverb ★ 1. ★ a little more or less than; a little before or after 大约;左右 SYN approximately It costs about $10. 这大约要花 10 元钱。They waited (for) about an hour. 他们等了一小时左右。He arrived (at) about ten. 他是十点钟左右到的。2. ★ nearly; very close to 将近;几乎I'm just about ready. 我就要准备好了。This is about the best we can hope for. 这差不多是我们所能希望的最好结果。3. ★ (especially BrE) in many directions; here and there 到处;处处;各处The children were rushing about in the garden. 孩子们在花园里跑来跑去。4. ★ (especially BrE) in no particular order; in various places 凌乱地;四处;到处Her books were lying about on the floor. 她的书在地板上东一本西一本地放着。5. (especially BrE) doing nothing in particular 闲着;无所事事People were standing about in the road. 人们在路上闲站着。6. (especially BrE) able to be found in a place 在某地;附近;周围There was nobody about. 附近没有人。There's a lot of flu about. 这一带流感肆虐。7. (technical 术语 or formal) facing the opposite direction 向后转;掉转方向;掉头He brought the ship about. 他掉转船头。 ➔ note at around IDM that's about ˈall | that's about ˈit used to say that you have finished telling sb about sth and there is nothing to add 我要说的就是这些;我的话完了‘Anything else?’ ‘No, that's about it for now.’ “还有什么要说的吗?” “没有了,现在我要说的就是这些。” ➔ more at just adv., out adv. preposition ★ 1. ★ on the subject of sb/sth; in connection with sb/sth 关于;对于a book about flowers 一本关于花卉的书Tell me all about it. 把这件事全部告诉我。What's she so angry about? 她为什么生这么大的气?There's something strange about him. 他有点怪。I don't know what you're on about (= talking about). 我不懂你在谈什么。There's nothing you can do about it now. 现在你对此毫无办法。2. ★ used to describe the purpose or an aspect of sth 目的是;为了;涉及 … 方面Movies are all about making money these days. 当今电影就是只顾赚钱。What was all that about? (= what was the reason for what has just happened?) 这到底是怎么回事?3. ★ busy with sth; doing sth 忙于;从事于Everywhere people were going about their daily business. 无论哪里,人们都在忙着干日常工作。And while you're about it … (= while you're doing that) 在你干这件事的同时,顺便 … 4. (especially BrE) in many directions in a place; here and there 在 … 到处;在 … 各处We wandered about the town for an hour or so. 我们在城里到处游逛了一个小时左右。He looked about the room. 他在房间里四下看了看。5. (especially BrE) in various parts of a place; here and there 在 … 四处The papers were strewn about the room. 房间里四处乱扔着文件。6. (especially BrE) next to a place or person; in the area mentioned 在 … 附近;在 … 地方She's somewhere about the office. 她在办公室里某处。7. (literary) surrounding sb/sth 围绕She wore a shawl about her shoulders. 她披了一件披肩。IDM how/what about … ?1. ★ used when asking for information about sb/sth (询问消息)怎么样,如何How about Ruth? Have you heard from her? 露丝怎么样了?你有她的消息吗?I'm having fish. What about you? 我吃鱼,你呢?2. ★ used to make a suggestion (建议时说)怎么样,好吗How about going for a walk? 去散散步怎么样?(especially NAmE) How about we go for a walk? 我们去散散步怎么样?What about a break? 休息一下如何? adjective ★ IDM ★ be about to do sth to be close to doing sth; to be going to do sth very soon 即将,行将,正要(做某事)I was just about to ask you the same thing. 我刚才正要问你同一件事情。not be about to do sth to not be willing to do sth; to not intend to do sth 不愿,无意(做某事)I've never done any cooking and I'm not about to start now. 我从来没有做过饭,也不想从现在开始做起来。LANGUAGE BANK 用语库aboutSaying what a text is about 描述文章的内容•The book is about homeless people in the cities. 这本书写的是城市中无家可归的人们。•The report deals with the issue of homelessness in London. 这篇报道是关于伦敦的无家可归问题。•The writer discusses the problems faced by homeless people. 作者讨论了无家可归者面临的种种问题。•The article presents an overview of the issues surrounding homelessness. 这篇文章概述了有关无家可归的种种问题。•The novel explores the theme of friendship among homeless people. 这部小说探究了无家可归的人之间的友谊这个主题。•The first chapter examines the relationship between homelessness and drug addiction. 第一章考察了无家可归与吸毒成瘾之间的关系。•The paper considers the question of why so many young people become homeless. 这篇论文论述了为何如此多的年轻人变得无家可归的问题。about /əˈbaʊt[图片]; NAmEəˈbaʊt[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:1. Tell me all about it.告诉我关于这件事的一切。2. It is about six o'clock now.现在是六点钟左右。3. It was a long flight and it took about fourteen hours.时间真长,飞了大约十四个小时。4. All about us in the store were piles of goods.在这家店里,我们周围到处都是成堆的商品。5. Dinner is about ready.中饭就要做好了。6. He was about to start.他即将动身。
近义词辨析:almost, approximately, about, nearly, roughly, around这组词都有“大约,差不多”的意思,其区别是:almost: 指在程度上相差很小,差不多。approximately: 多用于书面语,指精确度接近某个标准以致误差可忽略不计。about: 常可分almost和nearly换用,但about用于表示时间、数量的“大约”时,实际数量可能多也可能少。nearly: 与almost含义基本相同,侧重指数量、时间或空间上的接近。roughly: 指按精略估计,常代替about。around: 多用于非正式场合,常见于美国英语。about, round, around这组词都有“在周围、在附近”的意思,其区别是:about: 既可表静态,也可表动态。round: 主要用于英国,多半指动态。around: 主要用于美国,静态或动态均可。
葛传椝英语惯用法:1.about 在用作“不久就要……”解的时候后面通常接不定式,如 about to start。但也有接动名词的,如 about starting。用不定式比较普通。about 在用作“不久就要……”解的时候不可再加表示时间的词,如不可说 about to start next morning 或 about starng at once。2.下面各种表达方式里的 about 都作“大约”解:about ten, about a hundred, about half, about a quarter 注意 ten, a hundred, half 和 a quarter 都是明确的数或量,原来并没有“多少不定”的意思。在有“多少不定”的意思的词语前面不该用 about,如不可说 about more than ten, about less than half, about several, about some 或 about a few 等。虽然 about three or four 和 about a dozen or so 等表达方式也有人用,但最好删去 about。3.下面各句里可以有 at,也可以没有 at,意思并没有区别。有了 at, about 是副词,没有 at, about 是介词:I went (at) about five (o'clock).I went (at) about noon.I went (at) about midnight.I went (at) about Christmas.这里 at 用的少,不用的多。同样地,下面两句里的 on 和 in 也用的少,不用的多:I went (on) about 18 January.I went (in) about January.at about five (o'clock), at about noon 等不可改作 about at five (o'clock), about at noon 等。
词根:about 大约→ 来自古英语onbutan,大约,来自a-,词源同on,-b,同by,-ut,同out.字面意思即在外面,引申词义大约,约略。about-turn 向后转,彻底改变来自古义about,向后。
优词词源: about  1 about:大约来自古英语onbutan, a- 同on , -b同by, -ut为out词根。字面意思为在外面的,后指大约。  2 about:附近,大约,转向,左右,周围词根词缀为ab + out, 最初的意义是“在…外面的周围”,“关于”的意义出现在13世纪。
单词:above
英文例句:He is flying above the cloud!
中文例句:他飞上了云层!
高级释义:prep. 在…上面; 超过; 大于; 不至于adv. 在上面; 超过; 更大; 上文adj. 上述的分布:上面的(31%),超过(19%),高于(17%),在上面(16%),以上的(11%),上面的东西(3%),在 ... 上面(1%),上文地(1%),更重要地(1%)→来自古英语onbufan, -uf同up.a.上述的ad.在上面prep.在..之上,高于By the spoon you'll soon see the smooth tooth of the moon above the booth.借助勺子你可以立刻看到电话亭上方月亮的光滑牙齿.adverb preposition HIGHER POSITION 更高的位置  ESSENTIAL  ■in or to a higher position than something else 在或向…上面;在或向…较高处•There's a mirror above the washbasin.洗脸盆上方有面镜子。•He waved the letter excitedly above his head.他兴奋地把信举过头顶挥舞着。•She's rented a room above a shop.她在一家店铺的楼上租了个房间。•Her name comes above mine on the list.名单上她的名字列在我的前面。•The helicopter was hovering above the building.直升机在大楼上空盘旋。•It's on the shelf just above your head.它就在你头顶上方的架子上。•A crack had started to appear just above the light fitting.灯具配件上方已经出现了一道裂缝。[ə'bʌv] adverb preposition MORE 更多  ESSENTIAL  ■more than an amount or level 多于;大于;高于;超过•It says on the box it's for children aged three and above.包装盒上标明适合三岁或以上的儿童使用。•Rates of pay are above average.工资高于平均水准。•Temperatures rarely rise above zero in winter.冬季气温很少高于零度。•She values her job above her family.她把工作看得比家庭重要。•They value their freedom above (and beyond) all else.他们把自由看得比甚么都重要。above all  ADVANCED  ■most importantly 最重要的是;尤其是;首先•Above all, I'd like to thank my family.首先,我要感谢我的家人。•Above all, I'd say I value kindness.我认为仁慈是最重要的(情操)。[ə'bʌv] adverb preposition RANK 等级  ADVANCED  ■in a more important or advanced position than someone else 高于•Sally's a grade above me.萨莉比我高一年级。[ə'bʌv] adverb preposition TOO IMPORTANT 太重要的 ■too good or important for something (因太好或太重要而)超越,不受…影响,免于,不至于•No one is above suspicion in this matter.这件事情上没有人可以避开嫌疑。•He's not above lying (= he sometimes lies) to protect himself.为了保护自己,他还是不免要撒谎。[ə'bʌv] adverb adjective ON PAGE 在书页上  IMPROVER  ■When used in a piece of writing, above means higher on the page, or on a previous page (同页中)上面提到的(地);上文(的),前文(的)•Please send the articles to the address given above.请把文章寄到上述位址。•The letter was sent to the above address.信件已寄至上述位址。the above  ADVANCED  ■all the people or things listed earlier 前面列出的所有人(或事物)•All of the above should be invited.上面列出的所有人都应该得到邀请。•Once we've finished all of the above we can start on the next project.我们一完成上述所有事情,就可以立刻开始下一个专案计划。over, on, aboveover: 在正上方 fly over the hillon: 在上面,接触,above: 在上面,不接触,prep. 超过;在……上面;在……之上 - beyond, without, thanadv. 在上面;在上文 - hereinabove, thereinbefore
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必应:above [əˈbʌv] - ※ ★★★★ prep. 超过;在……上面;在……之上 n. 上文 adj. 上文的 adv. 在上面;在上文 (中高 893/733)
牛津高阶:above ★ /əˈbʌv[图片]; NAmEəˈbʌv[图片]/ prep., adv., adj. preposition ★ 1. ★ at or to a higher place or position than sth/sb 在(或向)… 上面The water came above our knees. 水淹过了我们的膝盖。We were flying above the clouds. 我们在云层上面飞行。the people in the apartment above mine 我楼上那套公寓里的人们A captain in the navy ranks above a captain in the army. 海军的 captain(上校)军衔比陆军的 captain(上尉)高。They finished the year six places above their local rivals. 这一年结束,他们的排名比当地竞争对手超前六个名次。2. ★ more than sth; greater in number, level or age than sb/sth (数目、数量、水平、年龄)超过,多于,大于Inflation is above 6%. 通货膨胀超过 6%。Temperatures have been above average. 气温一直比平均温度高。We cannot accept children above the age of 10. 我们不能接受 10 岁以上的儿童。3. of greater importance or of higher quality than sb/sth (重要性、质量)超过,胜过I rate her above most other players of her age. 我认为她优于大多数同龄参赛者。4. too good or too honest to do sth (因善良或诚实正直而)不至于,不屑于(做某事)She's not above lying when it suits her. 她在适当时机还是会说谎的。He's above suspicion (= he is completely trusted). 他无可置疑。5. (of a sound 声音) louder or clearer than another sound (音量或清晰度)超过(另一种声音)I couldn't hear her above the noise of the traffic. 交通嘈杂,我听不见她的声音。IDM ★ above ˈall most important of all; especially 最重要的是;尤其是Above all, keep in touch. 最要紧的是保持联系。 ➔ language bank at emphasis aˈbove yourself (disapproving) having too high an opinion of yourself 自高自大;妄自尊大 ➔ more at over prep. adverb ★ 1. ★ at or to a higher place 在(或向)上面;在(或向)较高处Put it on the shelf above. 把它放到上面的搁板上。Seen from above the cars looked tiny. 从高处往下看,车辆显得很小。They were acting on instructions from above (= from sb in a higher position of authority). 他们是在按照上级的指示办事。2. ★ greater in number, level or age (数目、数量、水平、年龄)超过,更多,更大increases of 5% and above 增加 5% 或以上A score of 70 or above will get you an ‘A’. * 70 分或以上就可以得“优”。children aged 12 and above * 12 岁或以上的孩子3. earlier in sth written or printed 上文;前文As was stated above … 如上所述 … See above, page 97. 见前文,第 97 页。 adjective [only before noun] mentioned or printed previously in a letter, book, etc. 前文述及的;上述的Please write to us at the above address. 请按上述地址来函。 ▸ the above /ðiː əˈbʌv[图片]; NAmEðiː əˈbʌv[图片]/ noun [sing. + sing./pl. v.] Please notify us if the above is not correct. 如果上面所说的不正确,请通知我们。All the above (= people mentioned above) have passed the exam. 以上各人都通过了考试。WHICH WORD 词语辨析above / over• Above and over can both be used to describe a position higher than something. * above 和 over 均可表示位置高于 … 或在 … 上:They built a new room above/over the garage. 他们在汽车房上面加建了一个房间。When you are talking about movement from one side of something to the other, you can only use over. 表示从某物的一边移至另一边只能用 over:They jumped over the stream. 他们跳过了小溪。 Over can also mean ‘covering’. * over 亦可表示覆盖着:He put a blanket over the sleeping child. 他把毯子盖在睡着了的孩子身上。• Above and over can also mean ‘more than’. Above is used in relation to a minimum level or a fixed point. * above 和 over 亦可表示多于。above 与最低限度或某固定点关联:2 000 feet above sea level 海拔 2 000 英尺Temperatures will not rise above zero tonight. 今天夜间的温度不会高于零度。 Over is used with numbers, ages, money and time. * over 与数目、年龄、金钱和时间连用:He’s over 50. 他已年过半百。It costs over £100. 这个值 100 英镑以上。We waited over 2 hours. 我们等了两个多小时。above /əˈbʌv[图片]; NAmEəˈbʌv[图片]/the above /ðiː əˈbʌv[图片]; NAmEðiː əˈbʌv[图片]/
中文释义:
更多例句:1. The glider was soaring above the valley.那架滑翔机在山谷上空滑翔。2. Applicants must be above the age of 18.申请者的年龄必须超过18岁。3. The temperature has been above the average recently.近来的气温一直比平均温度高。4. The sun rose above the horizon.太阳升到地平线上。5. The above bedroom is mine.上面的房间是我的。6. We are fascinated by the stars twinkling above.天空中闪烁的星星让我们陶醉着。
近义词辨析:over, on, aboveover: 在正上方 fly over the hillon: 在上面,接触,above: 在上面,不接触,
葛传椝英语惯用法:1.above 用作形容词作“上面的”解,如 the above list, the above statement, the above facts 和 the above topic。当然从修辞学上说,用得太多了不好,可以用 above-mentioned, foregoing, preceding 等调剂一下。2.above 有时也用作名词,如 from above 和 the above。the above 当作单数或复数都可以,看所指的东西是单数还是复数而定,如 The above is a true story 和 The above are the essentials。3.above 和 over 在意思上略有不同。above 不一定有“垂直在上”的含意,over 却有。如你在第一层楼,那末第二层楼是 above 你,但只有第二层楼的一小部分是 over 你。又如校长的职位是 above 教务长的职位,但甲校的校长只是 over 甲校的教务长,并不 over 乙校的教务长。
词根:above 在上面→ 来自古英语onbufan,在上面,来自-uf,在上,词源同up.
优词词源: aboveabove:在上面来自古英语onbufan, -uf同up.
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