优质 2022黄皮书真题词汇英语一【2000-2021】
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张剑高教版黄皮书考研英语真题词汇【00-21】【离线音频版本】.apkg
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真题单词:consumption
真题释义:n. 消耗量,消费量;消耗,消费
真题例句:[A] uncontrolled consumption of them over long periods of time [B] exclusive use of them for social purposes [C] quantitative application of them to the treatment of diseases [D] careless employment of them for unpleasant symptoms 22[A] 长期不受控制地消费它们[B] 专门用于社会目的[C] 定量应用它们来治疗疾病[D] 不小心使用它们来治疗令人不快的症状 221997【阅读】 ?If a farmer wishes to succeed, he must try to keep a wide gap between his consumption and his production?如果一个农民想要成功,他必须努力在他的消费和他的生产之间保持很大的差距2000【完型】 Energy conservation, a shift to other fuels and a decline in the importance of heavy, energy-intensive industries have reduced oil consumption节能、转向其他燃料以及重工业、能源密集型工业重要性的下降降低了石油消耗2002【阅读】 [A] price of crude rises [B] commodity prices rise [C] consumption rises [D] oil taxes rise 33[A] 原油价格上涨 [B] 商品价格上涨 [C] 消费增加 [D] 石油税上涨 332002【阅读】 [A] played a role in the spread of popular culture [B] became intimate shops for common consumers [C] satisfied the needs of a knowledgeable elite [D] owed its emergence to the culture of consumption 23[A] 对流行文化的传播起到了作用 [B] 成为普通消费者的贴心小店 [C] 满足知识精英的需求 [D] 消费文化的兴起 232006【阅读】 (10 points) [A] The first and more important is the consumer’s growing preference for eating out: the consumption of food and drink in places other than homes has risen from about 32 percent of total consumption in 1995 to 35 percent in 2000 and is expected to approach 38 percent by 2005(10 分) [A] 首先也是更重要的是消费者越来越喜欢外出就餐:在家庭以外的地方的食品和饮料消费量从 1995 年的约 32% 上升到 2000 年的 35%,并且预计到 2005 年将接近 38%2010【新题型】 Laughter does produce short-term changes in the function of the heart and its blood vessels, boosting heart rate and oxygen consumption笑确实会导致心脏及其血管功能的短期变化,提高心率和耗氧量2011【完型】 [D] This is because the networked computer has sparked a secret war between downloading and uploading—between passive consumption and active creation—whose outcome will shape our collective future in ways we can only begin to imagine[D] 这是因为联网计算机引发了下载和上传之间——被动消费和主动创造之间的秘密战争——其结果将以我们只能开始想象的方式塑造我们的集体未来2012【新题型】 First, most people do not realise that there are strong commercial agendas at work to keep them in passive consumption mode首先,大多数人没有意识到有强大的商业议程在起作用,使他们处于被动消费模式2012【新题型】 Stemming climate change, for example, is as much about changing consumption patterns and promoting tax acceptance as it is about developing clean energy例如,遏制气候变化既关乎改变消费模式和促进税收接受,也关乎开发清洁能源2013【新题型】 [A] detection [B] consumption [C] accumulation [D] separation 5[A] 检测 [B] 消耗 [C] 累积 [D] 分离 52021【完型】
真题词频:consumptionR5T0X5W3
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:完形填空
单词音标:UK [kənˈsʌmpʃn] US [kənˈsʌmpʃn]
音频: [sound:youdao-5a6d6e30-666e05c9-96409dab-fa97c0fb-a579fef9.mp3]
真题单词:support
真题释义:v. 资助,供养,赡养(某人)
真题例句:[A] is now enjoying legal support [B] disagrees with the tradition of the country [C] was clearly stated by the country’s founders [D] will exert great influence over court decisions “I have great confidence that by the end of the decade we’ll know in vast detail how cancer cells arise,” says microbiologist Robert Weinberg, an expert on cancer[A] 现在正在享受法律支持[B] 不同意国家的传统[C] 国家的创始人明确表示[D] 将对法院判决产生巨大影响 “我非常有信心,到本世纪末我们将详细了解癌细胞是如何产生的,”癌症专家、微生物学家罗伯特·温伯格说1994【阅读】 Such data offers gross support of contemporary models of memory that assume an input-output balance这些数据为假设输入-输出平衡的当代记忆模型提供了总体支持1995【阅读】 This kind of support, like all government support, requires decisions about the appropriate recipients of funds这种支持,像所有政府支持一样,需要决定适当的资金接受者1996【翻译】 [A] the financial support from the royal family [B] the privileges granted by the Queen [C] a contract with the Queen [D] a unique relationship with the royal family 18[A] 王室的财政支持[B] 女王授予的特权[C] 与女王的契约[D] 与王室的独特关系 181996【阅读】 The non-specialist will be able to obtain at least a notion of the sorts of data and argument that support evolutionary theory非专家将能够至少获得支持进化论的数据和论据种类的概念1996【阅读】 [A] stuck to a strong stand to defend freedom of expression [B] softened his tone and adopted some new policy [C] changed his attitude and yielded to objection [D] received more support from the 15-member board 26[A] 坚持捍卫言论自由的强硬立场[B] 软化了他的语气并采取了一些新政策[C] 改变了他的态度并屈服于反对[D] 获得了 15 人董事会的更多支持 261997【阅读】 He can continue to support himself and his family only if he produces a surplus只有当他产生盈余时,他才能继续养活自己和家人2000【完型】 As a result, the support for ambition as a healthy impulse, a quality to be admired and fixed in the mind of the young, is probably lower than it has ever been in the United States因此,对雄心壮志作为一种健康的冲动、一种值得钦佩和铭记在年轻人心中的品质的支持,可能比美国以往任何时候都低。2000【阅读】 [A] providing financial support overseas [B] preventing foreign capital’s control [C] building industrial infrastructure [D] accepting foreign investment 28[A] 向海外提供资金支持[B] 防止外资控制[C] 建设产业基础设施[D] 接受外资 282001【阅读】 There are a number of bestselling downshifting self-help books for people who want to simplify their lives; there are newsletters, such as The Tightwad Gazette, that give hundreds of thousands of Americans useful tips on anything from recycling their cling-film to making their own soap; there are even support groups for those who want to achieve the mid-’90s equivalent of dropping out对于想要简化生活的人,有许多畅销的降档自助书籍;有一些时事通讯,例如 The Tightwad Gazette,为成千上万的美国人提供了有用的技巧,从回收他们的保鲜膜到制作他们自己的肥皂;甚至还有支持小组,支持那些想要达到 90 年代中期相当于辍学的人2001【阅读】 [A] received support from fans like Donovan [B] remolded the intelligence services [C] restored many common pastimes [D] revived spying as a profession 22[A] 得到了 Donovan 等粉丝的支持[B] 改造了情报部门 [C] 恢复了许多常见的消遣 [D] 恢复间谍作为一种职业 222003【阅读】 According to those who support mergers railway monopoly is unlikely because据那些支持合并铁路垄断的人认为不太可能,因为2003【阅读】 [A] strong disapproval [B] reserved consent [C] slight contempt [D] enthusiastic support 39[A] 强烈反对 [B] 保留同意 [C] 轻微蔑视 [D] 热烈支持 392003【阅读】 To help homeless people toward independence, the federal government must support job training programs, raise the minimum wage, and fund more low-cost housing为了帮助无家可归的人走向独立,联邦政府必须支持职业培训计划,提高最低工资,并资助更多的低成本住房2006【完型】 ②They believe the data support an idea current among marine biologists, that of the“shifting baseline”②他们认为这些数据支持了海洋生物学家当前的一个想法,即“移动基线”2006【阅读】 [A] support [B] cry [C] plea [D] wish 16[A] 支持 [B] 呐喊 [C] 恳求 [D] 希望 162007【完型】 ⑤This“added-worker effect”could support the safety net offered by unemployment insurance or disability insurance to help families weather bad times⑤这种“加工效应”可以支撑失业保险或伤残保险提供的安全网,帮助家庭度过难关2007【阅读】 ⑥Finally, there are open-access archives, where organizations such as universities or international laboratories support institutional repositories⑥最后是开放存取档案,其中大学或国际实验室等组织支持机构知识库2008【阅读】 [A] serves as a solution to marketing problems [B] has helped explain certain prevalent trends [C] has won support from influentials [D] requires solid evidence for its validity 33[A] 作为营销问题的解决方案 [B] 有助于解释某些流行趋势 [C] 赢得了有影响力的支持 [D] 需要确凿的证据来证明其有效性 332010【阅读】 ①In a society that so persistently celebrates procreation, is it any wonder that admitting you regret having children is equivalent to admitting you support kitten-killing①在一个如此坚持生育的社会里,承认自己后悔生孩子就等于承认自己支持杀猫,这有什么奇怪的吗?2011【阅读】 They gave justices permanent positions so they would be free to upset those in power and have no need to cultivate political support他们赋予大法官永久职位,这样他们就可以自由地激怒当权者,而无需培养政治支持2012【完型】 [A] outweighs that held by the states [B] is dependent on the states’ support [C] is established by federal statutes [D] rarely goes against state laws 40[A] 超过各州所持有的 [B] 取决于各州的支持 [C] 由联邦法规确立 [D] 很少违反州法律 402013【阅读】 ②It is financially terrifying, psychologically embarrassing and you know that support is minimal and extraordinarily hard to get②经济上很可怕,心理上很尴尬,你知道支持很少而且非常难以获得2014【阅读】 [A] used to enjoy high public support [B] was unpopular among European royals [C] eased his relationship with his rivals [D] ended his reign in embarrassment 22[A] 曾经享有很高的公众支持 [B] 在欧洲皇室中不受欢迎 [C] 缓和他与竞争对手的关系 [D] 尴尬地结束了他的统治 222015【阅读】 Enlist the support of professionals and share with them your goals and context争取专业人士的支持,并与他们分享您的目标和背景2016【新题型】 ③While polls show Britons rate“the countryside”alongside the royal family, Shakespeare and the National Health Service (NHS) as what makes them proudest of their country, this has limited political support③虽然民意调查显示英国人将“乡村”与王室、莎士比亚和国民健康服务 (NHS) 列为让他们为自己的国家感到自豪的地方,但这在政治上的支持有限2016【阅读】 [D] Ukip may gain from its support for rural conservation[D] Ukip 可能会从其对农村保护的支持中受益2016【阅读】 In a recent study involving over 400 healthy adults, researchers from Carnegie Mellon University in Pennsylvania examined the effects of perceived social support and the receipt of hugs on the participants’ susceptibility to developing the common cold after being exposed to the virus在最近一项涉及 400 多名健康成年人的研究中,宾夕法尼亚州卡内基梅隆大学的研究人员检查了感知到的社会支持和接受拥抱对参与者暴露于病毒后患普通感冒的易感性的影响2017【完型】 People who perceived greater social support were less likely to come down with a cold, and the researchers calculated that the stress-reducing effects of hugging explained about 32 percent of that beneficial effect感受到更多社会支持的人不太可能感冒,研究人员计算出拥抱的减压效果解释了大约 32% 的有益效果2017【完型】 Even among those who got a cold, the ones who felt greater social support and received more frequent hugs had less severe symptoms即使在那些感冒的人中,那些感受到更多社会支持和更频繁拥抱的人的症状也不那么严重2017【完型】 ③But demanding too much of air travelers or providing too little security in return undermines public support for the process③但要求太多的航空旅客或提供太少的安全作为回报会削弱公众对这一过程的支持2017【阅读】 [B] Optimists’ opinions on new tech find little support[B] 乐观主义者对新技术的看法几乎没有得到支持2018【阅读】 ④That common-sense change enjoys wide public support and would save the USPS $2 billion per year④这种常识性的改变得到了广泛的公众支持,每年将为 USPS 节省 20 亿美元2018【阅读】 [A] its unbalanced budget [B] its rigid management [C] the cost for technical upgrading [D] the withdrawal of bank support 37[A] 预算不平衡 [B] 刚性管理 [C] 技术升级成本 [D] 银行退出支持 372018【阅读】 [A] obtain more financial support [B] boost their student enrollments [C] improve their teaching quality [D] meet local governments needs 29[A] 获得更多资金支持 [B] 增加学生入学率 [C] 提高教学质量 [D] 满足地方政府需求 292019【阅读】 But where is the evidence to support such alarmist advice但哪里有证据支持这种危言耸听的建议2020【完型】 ①Progressives often support diversity mandates as a path to equality and a way to level the playing field①进步人士通常支持将多元化任务作为实现平等的途径和公平竞争的方式2020【阅读】 ①The digital services tax now awaits the signature of President Emmanuel Macron, who has expressed support for the measure, and it could go into effect within the next few weeks①数字服务税现在等待总统埃马纽埃尔马克龙签署,他已表示支持该措施,并可能在未来几周内生效2020【阅读】 [A] reasoning has played a decisive role in the debate [B] creationists do not base their argument on reasoning [C] evolutionary theory is too difficult for non-specialists [D] creationism is supported by scientific findings 30[A] 推理在辩论中起到了决定性的作用[B] 神创论者的论点并不基于推理[C] 进化论对非专业人士来说太难了[D] 神创论得到科学发现的支持 301996【阅读】 [A] some injury claims were no longer supported by law [B] helmets were not designed to prevent injuries [C] product labels would eventually be discarded [D] some sports games might lose popularity with athletes 14[A] 一些伤害索赔不再受法律支持 [B] 头盔不是为了防止伤害而设计的 [C] 产品标签最终会被丢弃[D] 一些运动游戏可能会失去运动员的欢迎 141999【阅读】 Although it ruled that there is no constitutional right to physician-assisted suicide, the Court in effect supported the medical principle of “double effect,” a centuries-old moral principle holding that an action having two effects—a good one that is intended and a harmful one that is foreseen—is permissible if the actor intends only the good effect尽管法院裁定医生协助自杀没有宪法权利,但实际上支持“双重效果”的医学原则,这是一个具有数百年历史的道德原则,认为一个行为有两个效果——一个是有意的,另一个是好的。一种可预见的有害行为——如果行为者只想要好的效果,则是允许的2002【阅读】 Although both Sapir and Whorf emphasized the diversity of languages, Sapir himself never explicitly supported the notion of linguistic determinism尽管 Sapir 和 Whorf 都强调语言的多样性,但 Sapir 本人从未明确支持语言决定论的概念2004【翻译】 Most of all, these new adults must feel that they are respected and supported by a family that appreciates them最重要的是,这些新成年人必须感到他们受到了一个欣赏他们的家庭的尊重和支持2007【新题型】 ⑤There is open-access publishing, typically supported by asking the author (or his employer) to pay for the paper to be published⑤有开放获取出版,通常通过要求作者(或其雇主)支付发表论文的费用来支持2008【阅读】 [A] violated the Constitution [B] undermined the states’ interests [C] supported the federal statute [D] stood in favor of the states 39[A] 违反宪法 [B] 损害各州利益 [C] 支持联邦法规 [D] 支持各州 392013【阅读】 “Eye contact and smiles” can signal availability and confidence, a common-sense notion supported in studies by psychologist Monica Moore“眼神接触和微笑”可以表示可用性和信心,这是心理学家莫妮卡摩尔的研究支持的常识性概念2020【新题型】 [A] modified [B] supported [C] predicted [D] included 8[A] 修改 [B] 支持 [C] 预测 [D] 包括 82021【完型】 ③The only previous study analyzing causality, based on an area in Mexico that had instituted CCTs, supported the traditional view③之前唯一一项分析因果关系的研究,基于墨西哥一个已经建立 CCT 的地区,支持传统观点2021【阅读】 While the leading actor on the stage captures our attention, we are aware of the importance of the supporting players and the scenery of the play itself虽然舞台上的主角吸引了我们的注意力,但我们意识到配角的重要性和戏剧本身的风景1994【阅读】 (33) This seems mostly effectively done by supporting a certain amount of research not related to immediate goals but of possible consequence in the future(33) 这似乎主要是通过支持一定数量的研究来有效地完成,这些研究与近期目标无关,但在未来可能会产生后果1996【翻译】 The goal of the supporting agencies is the praisable one of supporting “good” as opposed to “bad” science, but a valid determination is difficult to make支持机构的目标是支持“好”而不是“坏”科学的值得称赞的机构,但很难做出有效的决定1996【翻译】 The true enemies of science, argues Paul Ehrlich of Stanford University, a pioneer of environmental studies, are those who question the evidence supporting global warming, the depletion of the ozone layer and other consequences of industrial growth环境研究先驱、斯坦福大学的保罗·埃利希 (Paul Ehrlich) 认为,科学的真正敌人是那些质疑支持全球变暖、臭氧层消耗和工业增长的其他后果的证据的人1998【阅读】 [A] undervaluing intellect [B] favoring intellectualism [C] supporting school reform [D] suppressing native intelligence 38[A] 低估智力[B] 偏爱知识分子[C] 支持学校改革[D] 压制本土智力 382004【阅读】 ①A “town of culture” could be not just about the arts but about honouring a town’s peculiarities— helping sustain its high street, supporting local facilities and above all celebrating its people①“文化之城”不仅关乎艺术,还在于尊重一个小镇的特色——帮助维持其商业街,支持当地设施,最重要的是庆祝它的人民2020【阅读】 [A] a contrasting case [B] a supporting example [C] a background story [D] a related topic 25[A] 对比案例 [B] 支持性例子 [C] 背景故事 [D] 相关话题 252020【阅读】 ” ①Evidence from brain imaging supports this view” ①脑成像证据支持这一观点2005【阅读】 ②DNA testing is also the latest rage among passionate genealogists—and supports businesses that offer to search for a family’s geographic roots②DNA 检测也是热情的系谱学家的最新流行,并支持提供搜索家族地理根源的企业2009【阅读】 ②Because representative government presupposes an informed citizenry, the report supports full literacy; stresses the study of history and government, particularly American history and American government; and encourages the use of new digital technologies②由于代议制政府以公民知情为前提,报告支持全面识字;强调历史和政府的研究,特别是美国历史和美国政府;并鼓励使用新的数字技术2014【阅读】
真题词频:supportR43T6X3W9
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:完形填空
单词音标:UK [səˈpɔːt] US [səˈpɔːrt]
音频: [sound:youdao-041bf00a-e6780694-4ed1f451-f79756ca-bc5a8109.mp3]
真题单词:surplus
真题释义:n. 剩余(额);过剩;盈余,顺差/a. 剩余的;过剩的
真题例句:He can continue to support himself and his family only if he produces a surplus只有当他产生盈余时,他才能继续养活自己和家人2000【完型】 He must use this surplus in three ways: as seed for sowing, as an insurance against the unpredictable effects of bad weather and as a commodity which he must sell in order to replace old agricultural implements and obtain chemical fertilizers to feed the soil他必须以三种方式使用这些剩余物:作为播种的种子,作为抵御恶劣天气不可预测影响的保险,以及作为必须出售以更换旧农具并获得化肥来养活土壤的商品。2000【完型】 If no surplus is available, a farmer cannot be self-sufficient如果没有剩余,农民就不能自给自足2000【完型】 [A] the greater customer demands [B] a surplus supply for the market [C] a growing productivity [D] the increase of the world’s wealth 35[A] 更大的客户需求 [B] 市场的过剩供应[C] 不断增长的生产力[D] 世界财富的增加 352001【阅读】
真题词频:surplusR1T0X0W4
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:完形填空
单词音标:UK [ˈsɜːpləs] US [ˈsɜːrplʌs]
音频: [sound:youdao-fa8e607b-bd4b0fb4-5de46092-66593cdc-ff7416cc.mp3]
真题单词:unpredictable
真题释义:a. 无法预料的,不可预知的
真题例句:His mind was ready for the unpredictable他的头脑已经为不可预知的事情做好了准备1999【阅读】 If you don’t have unpredictable things, you don’t have research如果你没有不可预测的事情,你就没有研究1999【阅读】 [A] shouldn’t replace “scientific method” with imaginative thought [B] shouldn’t neglect to speculate on unpredictable things [C] should write more concise reports for technical journals [D] should be confident about their research findings 29[A] 不应该用富有想象力的思维代替“科学方法”[B] 不应该忽略对不可预测事物的推测[C] 应该为技术期刊写更简洁的报告[D] 应该对他们的研究结果充满信心 291999【阅读】 He must use this surplus in three ways: as seed for sowing, as an insurance against the unpredictable effects of bad weather and as a commodity which he must sell in order to replace old agricultural implements and obtain chemical fertilizers to feed the soil他必须以三种方式使用这些剩余物:作为播种的种子,作为抵御恶劣天气不可预测影响的保险,以及作为必须出售以更换旧农具并获得化肥来养活土壤的商品。2000【完型】 [A] unpredictable [B] contributory [C] controllable [D] disruptive 18[A] 不可预测 [B] 贡献 [C] 可控 [D] 破坏性 182015【完型】 His mind was ready for the unpredictable他的头脑已经为不可预知的事情做好了准备1999【阅读】 If you don’t have unpredictable things, you don’t have research如果你没有不可预测的事情,你就没有研究1999【阅读】 [A] shouldn’t replace “scientific method” with imaginative thought [B] shouldn’t neglect to speculate on unpredictable things [C] should write more concise reports for technical journals [D] should be confident about their research findings 29[A] 不应该用富有想象力的思维代替“科学方法”[B] 不应该忽略对不可预测事物的推测[C] 应该为技术期刊写更简洁的报告[D] 应该对他们的研究结果充满信心 291999【阅读】 He must use this surplus in three ways: as seed for sowing, as an insurance against the unpredictable effects of bad weather and as a commodity which he must sell in order to replace old agricultural implements and obtain chemical fertilizers to feed the soil他必须以三种方式使用这些剩余物:作为播种的种子,作为抵御恶劣天气不可预测影响的保险,以及作为必须出售以更换旧农具并获得化肥来养活土壤的商品。2000【完型】 [A] unpredictable [B] contributory [C] controllable [D] disruptive 18[A] 不可预测 [B] 贡献 [C] 可控 [D] 破坏性 182015【完型】
真题词频:unpredictableR3T0X0W2
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:完形填空
单词音标:UK [ˌʌnprɪˈdɪktəbl] US [ˌʌnprɪˈdɪktəbl]
音频: [sound:youdao-359693ea-1f38662d-6eace438-17c73588-820c604a.mp3]
真题单词:implement
真题释义:n. (尤指户外劳作使用的)工具,器具
真题例句:[B] Advertisers are willing to implement DNT[B] 广告商愿意实施 DNT2013【阅读】 ②Sensible ideas have been around for a long time, but the state-level bodies that govern the profession have been too conservative to implement them②明智的想法由来已久,但管理该行业的国家级机构过于保守,无法实施2014【阅读】 [A] the Constitution should be implemented flexibly [B] new technology requires reinterpretation of the Constitution [C] California’s argument violates principles of the Constitution [D] principles of the Constitution should never be altered ①The journal Science is adding an extra round of statistical checks to its peer-review process, editor-in-chief Marcia McNutt announced today[A] 宪法应灵活实施 [B] 新技术需要重新解释宪法 [C] 加州的论点违反宪法原则 [D] 宪法原则不应改变 ①《科学》杂志增加了额外的统计数据主编 Marcia McNutt 今天宣布对其同行评审流程进行检查2015【阅读】 He must use this surplus in three ways: as seed for sowing, as an insurance against the unpredictable effects of bad weather and as a commodity which he must sell in order to replace old agricultural implements and obtain chemical fertilizers to feed the soil他必须以三种方式使用这些剩余物:作为播种的种子,作为抵御恶劣天气不可预测影响的保险,以及作为必须出售以更换旧农具并获得化肥来养活土壤的商品。2000【完型】
真题词频:implementR3T0X0W1
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:完形填空
单词音标:UK [ˈɪmplɪment] US [ˈɪmplɪmənt; ˈɪmpləˌment]
音频: [sound:youdao-f0a53ce6-75c95f2c-61219a8c-214ffba4-b88fab21.mp3]
真题单词:effortless
真题释义:a. 轻松的,不费力的
真题例句:? A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force? 漫长而轻松的成功历史可能是一个可怕的障碍,但如果处理得当,它可能会成为一种推动力2000【阅读】 ? A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force? 漫长而轻松的成功历史可能是一个可怕的障碍,但如果处理得当,它可能会成为一种推动力2000【阅读】
真题词频:effortlessR1T0X0W0
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:Text 1【词汇注释】
单词音标:UK [ˈefətləs] US [ˈefərtləs]
音频: [sound:youdao-8c4148c1-b4f04ec8-597bc422-03aad8b0-795dd860.mp3]
真题单词:dreadful
真题释义:a. 极其的,极其大的
真题例句:? A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force? 漫长而轻松的成功历史可能是一个可怕的障碍,但如果处理得当,它可能会成为一种推动力2000【阅读】 Consumers say they’re not in despair because, despite the dreadful headlines, their own fortunes still feel pretty good消费者说他们并不绝望,因为尽管头条新闻很可怕,但他们自己的运气仍然很好2004【阅读】 ? A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force? 漫长而轻松的成功历史可能是一个可怕的障碍,但如果处理得当,它可能会成为一种推动力2000【阅读】 Consumers say they’re not in despair because, despite the dreadful headlines, their own fortunes still feel pretty good消费者说他们并不绝望,因为尽管头条新闻很可怕,但他们自己的运气仍然很好2004【阅读】
真题词频:dreadfulR2T0X0W0
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:Text 1【词汇注释】
单词音标:UK [ˈdredfl] US [ˈdredfl]
音频: [sound:youdao-7d8ee819-4f21ac85-d2e656f0-b93de351-ea8d6c86.mp3]
真题单词:handicap
真题释义:n. 障碍,阻碍
真题例句:? A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force? 漫长而轻松的成功历史可能是一个可怕的障碍,但如果处理得当,它可能会成为一种推动力2000【阅读】
真题词频:handicapR1T0X0W0
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:Text 1【词汇注释】
单词音标:UK [ˈhændikæp] US [ˈhændikæp]
音频: [sound:youdao-c330d46f-66603df0-ea0df517-c6c5a3e6-1be1972d.mp3]
真题单词:properly
真题释义:ad. 适当地
真题例句:Any regard for the suffering of animals is seen as a mistake—a sentimental displacement of feeling that should properly be directed to other humans任何对动物痛苦的关注都被视为错误——一种情感上的转移,应该正确地指向其他人1997【翻译】 ” Such observations reported by visitors to the US are not uncommon, but are not always understood properly” 美国游客报告的此类观察并不少见,但并不总是被正确理解1997【阅读】 Visitors who fail to “translate” cultural meanings properly often draw wrong conclusions未能正确“翻译”文化含义的游客往往会得出错误的结论1997【阅读】 [A] tends to be superficial and artificial [B] is generally well kept up in the United States [C] is always understood properly [D] has something to do with the busy tourist trails Technically, any substance other than food that alters our bodily or mental functioning is a drug[A] 往往是肤浅的和人为的 [B] 在美国通常得到很好的理解 [C] 总是被正确理解 [D] 从技术上讲,除了食物之外的任何物质都会改变我们的生活身体或精神功能是一种药物1997【阅读】 Many European schools introduce the concept of professional training early on in order to make sure children are properly equipped for the professions they want to join许多欧洲学校很早就引入了专业培训的概念,以确保孩子们为他们想加入的职业做好适当的准备1999【阅读】 ? A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force? 漫长而轻松的成功历史可能是一个可怕的障碍,但如果处理得当,它可能会成为一种推动力2000【阅读】 [A] shareholders’interests should be properly attended to [B] information protection should be given due attention [C] business should enhance their level of accounting security [D] the market value of customer data should be emphasized 39[A] 应适当关注股东利益 [B] 应重视信息保护 [C] 企业应提高会计安全水平 [D] 应重视客户数据的市场价值 392007【阅读】 [A] gradually destroyed [B] effectively reinforced [C] largely overshadowed [D] properly protected 28[A] 逐渐破坏 [B] 有效加固 [C] 很大程度上被掩盖 [D] 适当保护 282016【阅读】 We need to learn how to evaluate them properly我们需要学习如何正确评估它们2019【新题型】 ①A toothy grin (especially when there were gaps or blackened teeth) lacked class: drunks, tramps and music hall performers might gurn and grin with a smile as wide as Lewis Carroll’s gum-exposing Cheshire Cat, but it was not a becoming look for properly bred persons①露齿的笑容(尤其是有缝隙或变黑的牙齿时)缺乏档次:酒鬼、流浪汉和音乐厅的表演者可能会像刘易斯卡罗尔露出牙龈的柴郡猫一样咧嘴笑,但这不是一种合适的寻找有教养的人2021【阅读】 Any regard for the suffering of animals is seen as a mistake—a sentimental displacement of feeling that should properly be directed to other humans任何对动物痛苦的关注都被视为错误——一种情感上的转移,应该正确地指向其他人1997【翻译】 ” Such observations reported by visitors to the US are not uncommon, but are not always understood properly” 美国游客报告的此类观察并不少见,但并不总是被正确理解1997【阅读】 Visitors who fail to “translate” cultural meanings properly often draw wrong conclusions未能正确“翻译”文化含义的游客往往会得出错误的结论1997【阅读】 [A] tends to be superficial and artificial [B] is generally well kept up in the United States [C] is always understood properly [D] has something to do with the busy tourist trails Technically, any substance other than food that alters our bodily or mental functioning is a drug[A] 往往是肤浅的和人为的 [B] 在美国通常得到很好的理解 [C] 总是被正确理解 [D] 从技术上讲,除了食物之外的任何物质都会改变我们的生活身体或精神功能是一种药物1997【阅读】 Many European schools introduce the concept of professional training early on in order to make sure children are properly equipped for the professions they want to join许多欧洲学校很早就引入了专业培训的概念,以确保孩子们为他们想加入的职业做好适当的准备1999【阅读】 ? A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force? 漫长而轻松的成功历史可能是一个可怕的障碍,但如果处理得当,它可能会成为一种推动力2000【阅读】 [A] shareholders’interests should be properly attended to [B] information protection should be given due attention [C] business should enhance their level of accounting security [D] the market value of customer data should be emphasized 39[A] 应适当关注股东利益 [B] 应重视信息保护 [C] 企业应提高会计安全水平 [D] 应重视客户数据的市场价值 392007【阅读】 [A] gradually destroyed [B] effectively reinforced [C] largely overshadowed [D] properly protected 28[A] 逐渐破坏 [B] 有效加固 [C] 很大程度上被掩盖 [D] 适当保护 282016【阅读】 We need to learn how to evaluate them properly我们需要学习如何正确评估它们2019【新题型】 ①A toothy grin (especially when there were gaps or blackened teeth) lacked class: drunks, tramps and music hall performers might gurn and grin with a smile as wide as Lewis Carroll’s gum-exposing Cheshire Cat, but it was not a becoming look for properly bred persons①露齿的笑容(尤其是有缝隙或变黑的牙齿时)缺乏档次:酒鬼、流浪汉和音乐厅的表演者可能会像刘易斯卡罗尔露出牙龈的柴郡猫一样咧嘴笑,但这不是一种合适的寻找有教养的人2021【阅读】
真题词频:properlyR8T2X1W0
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:Text 1【词汇注释】
单词音标:UK [ˈprɒpəli] US [ˈprɑːpərli]
音频: [sound:youdao-4f5eeb6a-76d1f435-dddfbda7-875d3f19-680d2624.mp3]
真题单词:handle
真题释义:v. 处理,应付
真题例句:By splitting up the subject matter into smaller units, one man could continue to handle the information and use it as the basis for further research通过将主题分成更小的单元,一个人可以继续处理信息并将其用作进一步研究的基础2001【阅读】 “While we know how to tell a robot to handle a specific error,” says Dave Lavery, manager of a robotics program at NASA, “we can’t yet give a robot enough ‘common sense’ to reliably interact with a dynamic worldNASA 机器人项目经理 Dave Lavery 说:“虽然我们知道如何告诉机器人处理特定错误,但我们还不能给机器人足够的‘常识’来可靠地与动态世界交互2002【阅读】 This also involves the agreements between European countries for the creation of a European bank for Television Production which, on the model of the European Investments Bank, will handle the finances necessary for production costs这也涉及欧洲国家之间关于建立欧洲电视制作银行的协议,该银行将按照欧洲投资银行的模式处理制作成本所需的资金。2005【翻译】 [A] need extra doses of chemicals to handle stress [B] have limited capacity for tolerating stress [C] are more capable of avoiding stress [D] are exposed to more stress 23[A] 需要额外剂量的化学品来应对压力 [B] 承受压力的能力有限 [C] 更有能力避免压力 [D] 承受更多压力 232008【阅读】 [A] the UK is preparing for an economic boom [B] high GDP foreshadows an economic decline [C] it is essential to consider factors beyond GDP [D] it requires caution to handle economic issues 35[A] 英国正在为经济繁荣做准备 [B] 高 GDP 预示着经济衰退 [C] 必须考虑 GDP 以外的因素 [D] 处理经济问题需要谨慎 352017【阅读】 [A] the justification of the news-filtering practice [B] people’s preference for social media platforms [C] the administration’s ability to handle information [D] social media as a reliable source of news 27[A] 新闻过滤做法的理由 [B] 人们对社交媒体平台的偏好 [C] 政府处理信息的能力 [D] 社交媒体作为可靠的新闻来源 272018【阅读】 ? A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force? 漫长而轻松的成功历史可能是一个可怕的障碍,但如果处理得当,它可能会成为一种推动力2000【阅读】 [A] getting into one’s residence [B] handling one’s historical records [C] scanning one’s correspondences [D] going through one’s wallet 29[A] 进入自己的住所 [B] 处理自己的历史记录 [C] 扫描自己的信件 [D] 翻阅自己的钱包 292015【阅读】
真题词频:handleR7T1X0W0
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:Text 1【词汇注释】
单词音标:UK [ˈhændl] US [ˈhændl]
音频: [sound:youdao-e41ba235-23f96493-c57913b1-145b267d-de2e0d0c.mp3]
真题单词:glowing
真题释义:a. 光彩照人的,辉煌的
真题例句:When the United States entered just such a glowing period after the end of the Second World War, it had a market eight times larger than any competitor, giving its industries unparalleled economies of scale当美国在第二次世界大战结束后进入如此繁荣的时期时,它的市场比任何竞争对手都大八倍,使其产业具有无与伦比的规模经济2000【阅读】
真题词频:glowingR1T0X0W0
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:Text 1【词汇注释】
单词音标:UK [ˈɡləʊɪŋ] US [ˈɡloʊɪŋ]
音频: [sound:youdao-293e11e0-6a41e275-bb608334-41f465dc-f9417765.mp3]
真题单词:competitor
真题释义:n. 竞争者
真题例句:When the United States entered just such a glowing period after the end of the Second World War, it had a market eight times larger than any competitor, giving its industries unparalleled economies of scale当美国在第二次世界大战结束后进入如此繁荣的时期时,它的市场比任何竞争对手都大八倍,使其产业具有无与伦比的规模经济2000【阅读】 But it can also be antagonistic, such as when a political candidate turns toward their competitor during a debate and makes eye contact that signals hostility但它也可能是敌对的,例如当政治候选人在辩论中转向他们的竞争对手并进行眼神交流以表示敌意时2020【新题型】 [A] it had made painstaking efforts towards this goal [B] its domestic market was eight times larger than before [C] the war had destroyed the economies of most potential competitors [D] the unparalleled size of its workforce had given an impetus to its economy 12[A] 它为实现这一目标付出了艰苦努力[B] 它的国内市场比以前大了八倍[C] 战争摧毁了大多数潜在竞争对手的经济[D] 其无与伦比的劳动力规模推动了经济 122000【阅读】 [A] cost reduction is based on competition [B] services call for cross-trade coordination [C] outside competitors will continue to exist [D] shippers will have the railway by the throat 32[A] 成本降低基于竞争[B] 服务要求跨行业协调[C] 外部竞争者将继续存在[D] 托运人将扼杀铁路 322003【阅读】 Big retailers must understand these differences before they can identify the segments of European wholesaling in which their particular abilities might unseat smaller but entrenched competitors大型零售商必须先了解这些差异,然后才能确定欧洲批发的哪些细分市场,在这些细分市场中,他们的特殊能力可能会击败规模较小但根深蒂固的竞争对手2010【新题型】 ②The infrastructure required to make a physical newspaper—printing presses, delivery trucks—isn’t just expensive; it’s excessive at a time when online-only competitors don’t have the same set of financial constraints②制作实体报纸所需的基础设施——印刷机、送货车——不仅昂贵;在仅在线的竞争对手没有相同的财务限制的时候,这是过度的2016【阅读】 ④Britain’s towns, it is true, are not prevented from applying, but they generally lack the resources to put together a bid to beat their bigger competitors④英国的城镇确实没有被阻止申请,但他们通常缺乏资源来联合起来击败更大的竞争对手2020【阅读】
真题词频:competitorR5T0X2W0
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:Text 1【词汇注释】
单词音标:UK [kəmˈpetɪtə(r)] US [kəmˈpetɪtər]
音频: [sound:youdao-39a94310-453d8355-ae62d7f2-23d4fc67-dca6694b.mp3]
真题单词:unparalleled
真题释义:a. 无比的,空前的
真题例句:[A] enjoyed the lowest net growth of population in history [B] witnessed a southwestern shift of population [C] underwent an unparalleled period of population growth [D] brought to a standstill its pattern of migration since World WarⅡ 24[A] 经历了历史上最低的人口净增长率[B] 见证了人口的西南转移[C] 经历了前所未有的人口增长时期[D] 二战以来的人口迁移模式停滞不前 241998【阅读】 When the United States entered just such a glowing period after the end of the Second World War, it had a market eight times larger than any competitor, giving its industries unparalleled economies of scale当美国在第二次世界大战结束后进入如此繁荣的时期时,它的市场比任何竞争对手都大八倍,使其产业具有无与伦比的规模经济2000【阅读】 [A] it had made painstaking efforts towards this goal [B] its domestic market was eight times larger than before [C] the war had destroyed the economies of most potential competitors [D] the unparalleled size of its workforce had given an impetus to its economy 12[A] 它为实现这一目标付出了艰苦努力[B] 它的国内市场比以前大了八倍[C] 战争摧毁了大多数潜在竞争对手的经济[D] 其无与伦比的劳动力规模推动了经济 122000【阅读】 [A] enjoyed the lowest net growth of population in history [B] witnessed a southwestern shift of population [C] underwent an unparalleled period of population growth [D] brought to a standstill its pattern of migration since World WarⅡ 24[A] 经历了历史上最低的人口净增长率[B] 见证了人口的西南转移[C] 经历了前所未有的人口增长时期[D] 二战以来的人口迁移模式停滞不前 241998【阅读】 When the United States entered just such a glowing period after the end of the Second World War, it had a market eight times larger than any competitor, giving its industries unparalleled economies of scale当美国在第二次世界大战结束后进入如此繁荣的时期时,它的市场比任何竞争对手都大八倍,使其产业具有无与伦比的规模经济2000【阅读】 [A] it had made painstaking efforts towards this goal [B] its domestic market was eight times larger than before [C] the war had destroyed the economies of most potential competitors [D] the unparalleled size of its workforce had given an impetus to its economy 12[A] 它为实现这一目标付出了艰苦努力[B] 它的国内市场比以前大了八倍[C] 战争摧毁了大多数潜在竞争对手的经济[D] 其无与伦比的劳动力规模推动了经济 122000【阅读】
真题词频:unparalleledR3T0X0W0
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:Text 1【词汇注释】
单词音标:UK [ʌnˈpærəleld] US [ʌnˈpærəleld]
音频: [sound:youdao-78cba536-cf73d362-4e251705-2c21bc12-4a1be820.mp3]
真题单词:skilled
真题释义:a. 熟练的
真题例句:Fortunately, however, the increasing power and organization of the trade unions, at least in all skilled trades, enabled the workmen to meet on equal terms the managers of the companies who employed them然而,幸运的是,工会的权力和组织日益增强,至少在所有技术行业中,使工人能够平等地与雇用他们的公司的经理会面。1996【阅读】 As a member of a British commission visiting here in 1853 reported, “With a mind prepared by thorough school discipline, the American boy develops rapidly into the skilled workman正如 1853 年访问这里的一个英国委员会的成员所报告的那样:“这个美国男孩通过彻底的学校纪律准备的思想迅速发展成为熟练的工人1996【阅读】 Its scientists were the world’s best; its workers the most skilled它的科学家是世界上最好的;它的工人是最熟练的2000【阅读】 And thanks to the continual miniaturization of electronics and micro-mechanics, there are already robot systems that can perform some kinds of brain and bone surgery with submillimeter accuracy—far greater precision than highly skilled physicians can achieve with their hands alone并且由于电子和微机械的不断小型化,已经有机器人系统可以以亚毫米精度执行某些类型的脑和骨骼手术——远比高技能医生仅靠双手所能达到的精度高得多2002【阅读】 [B] In order to study particular cultures as completely as possible, he became skilled in linguistics, the study of languages, and in physical anthropology, the study of human biology and anatomy[B] 为了尽可能全面地研究特定文化,他精通语言学、语言研究和体质人类学、人类生物学和解剖学研究2009【新题型】 ④Rosenberg argues convincingly that public-health advocates ought to take a page from advertisers, so skilled at applying peer pressure④罗森博格令人信服地认为,公共卫生倡导者应该向广告商学习,他们善于施加同伴压力2012【阅读】 Fortunately, however, the increasing power and organization of the trade unions, at least in all skilled trades, enabled the workmen to meet on equal terms the managers of the companies who employed them然而,幸运的是,工会的权力和组织日益增强,至少在所有技术行业中,使工人能够平等地与雇用他们的公司的经理会面。1996【阅读】 As a member of a British commission visiting here in 1853 reported, “With a mind prepared by thorough school discipline, the American boy develops rapidly into the skilled workman正如 1853 年访问这里的一个英国委员会的成员所报告的那样:“这个美国男孩通过彻底的学校纪律准备的思想迅速发展成为熟练的工人1996【阅读】 Its scientists were the world’s best; its workers the most skilled它的科学家是世界上最好的;它的工人是最熟练的2000【阅读】 And thanks to the continual miniaturization of electronics and micro-mechanics, there are already robot systems that can perform some kinds of brain and bone surgery with submillimeter accuracy—far greater precision than highly skilled physicians can achieve with their hands alone并且由于电子和微机械的不断小型化,已经有机器人系统可以以亚毫米精度执行某些类型的脑和骨骼手术——远比高技能医生仅靠双手所能达到的精度高得多2002【阅读】 [B] In order to study particular cultures as completely as possible, he became skilled in linguistics, the study of languages, and in physical anthropology, the study of human biology and anatomy[B] 为了尽可能全面地研究特定文化,他精通语言学、语言研究和体质人类学、人类生物学和解剖学研究2009【新题型】 ④Rosenberg argues convincingly that public-health advocates ought to take a page from advertisers, so skilled at applying peer pressure④罗森博格令人信服地认为,公共卫生倡导者应该向广告商学习,他们善于施加同伴压力2012【阅读】
真题词频:skilledR5T0X1W0
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:Text 1【词汇注释】
单词音标:UK [skɪld] US [skɪld]
音频: [sound:youdao-59892c00-3e95f3e7-3e0cb481-d4895010-82601608.mp3]
真题单词:prosperous
真题释义:a. 繁荣的
真题例句:America and Americans were prosperous beyond the dreams of the Europeans and Asians whose economies the war had destroyed美国和美国人的繁荣超出了他们的经济被战争摧毁的欧洲人和亚洲人的梦想2000【阅读】 America and Americans were prosperous beyond the dreams of the Europeans and Asians whose economies the war had destroyed美国和美国人的繁荣超出了他们的经济被战争摧毁的欧洲人和亚洲人的梦想2000【阅读】
真题词频:prosperousR1T0X0W0
真题年份:2000年
真题题型:Text 1【词汇注释】
单词音标:UK [ˈprɒspərəs] US [ˈprɑːspərəs]
音频: [sound:youdao-a273dc0d-b542bf27-cca74d3c-491f6fba-b3ebc6d6.mp3]
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