高中英语单词&短语合集(4000词 扩展版)
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高中英语单词&短语合集(4000词 扩展版)(附带发音+例句).apkg
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尹伯录 发布时间:2021-01-24 17:44:44
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英语单词:abandon
英美音标:英 [ə'bændən] 美 [ə'bændən]
中文释义:v.放弃;抛弃;放纵n.放纵
英语例句:(1) Those who abandon themselves to despair can not succeed.(2) The cruel man abandoned his wife and child.(3) They abandon themselves to drinking.(4) He signed cheques with careless abandon.(5) The cheerleader waved his arms with wild abandon.
中文例句:(1) 那些自暴自弃的人无法成功。(2) 那个狠心的男人抛弃了他的妻儿。(3) 他们沉湎于饮酒。(4) 他无所顾忌地乱开支票。(5) 拉拉队队长疯狂地挥舞双臂。
vocabulary简明:To abandon something is to give it up completely. If you’re in a cabin and a forest fire approaches, you’d better get in your car and abandon your cabin, or else be prepared to abandon your life.
vocabulary扩展:If you abandon something, you let it go, so when you describe someone as "acting with abandon," it means they have let go of restrictions or inhibitions. Maybe you like to dance with abandon in the privacy of your own room. But abandon could also mean people have abandoned their senses. To "drive with abandon," for example, means to drive recklessly.
柯林斯星级:★★★☆☆
柯林斯解释:1[VERB 动词]离弃;遗弃;抛弃 If you abandon a place, thing, or person, you leave the place, thing, or person permanently or for a long time, especially when you should not do so.   [V n]  [V-ed]He claimed that his parents had abandoned him...他声称父母遗弃了他。The road is strewn with abandoned vehicles.道路上满是弃置的车辆。2[VERB 动词]中途放弃,中止(活动、工作等) If you abandon an activity or piece of work, you stop doing it before it is finished.   [V n]The authorities have abandoned any attempt to distribute food...当局中止了分发食物的尝试。The scheme's investors, fearful of bankruptcy, decided to abandon the project.因为担心破产,该计划的投资者决定放弃这个项目。3[VERB 动词]放弃(想法或思路) If you abandon an idea or way of thinking, you stop having that idea or thinking in that way.   [V n]Logic had prevailed and he had abandoned the idea.最终理智占了上风,他打消了那个念头。4[VERB 动词]放纵;使沉湎于 If you abandon yourself to an emotion, you think about it a lot and feel it strongly, especially when other people might think you are wrong to do so.   [V pron-refl to n]We are scared to abandon ourselves to our feelings in case we seem weak or out of control.我们不敢放纵自己的情感,以免显得太过软弱或缺乏自制。5[N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词]放任;放纵 If you say that someone does something with abandon, you mean that they behave in a wild, uncontrolled way and do not think or care about how they should behave.   [usu with N]  [disapproval]He has spent money with gay abandon...他肆意挥霍钱财。Their permissiveness toward their children reflects the wild abandon of their own lives.他们对孩子的放任折射出他们自身生活的放浪形骸。6See also:abandoned; 7[PHRASE 短语](船舶下沉时)弃船 If people abandon ship, they get off a ship because it is sinking.   [v inflects]The officers and crew prepared to abandon ship in an orderly fashion.全体船员秩序井然地准备弃船。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-9c926e3d-0a9d8e30-b34de250-5691f8d6-f083ade2.mp3]
英语单词:ability
英美音标:英 [ə'bɪləti] 美 [ə'bɪləti]
中文释义:n.能力;才能
英语例句:(1) This is a task well within your ability.(2) She has the ability to keep calm in an emergency.(3) He is a man of great executive ability.(4) The boy shows remarkable ability at math.(5) He shows exceptional ability in solving problems.
中文例句:(1) 这完全是你力所能及的工作。(2) 她有处变不惊的本事。(3) 他是个具有极高管理才能的人。(4) 这男孩显示出非凡的数学才能。(5) 他处理问题才干过人。
vocabulary简明:Ability is skill or talent. You might have the ability to blow bubbles, or sing in a falsetto, or dance the waltz. Or, just maybe, you have the ability to do all three things at once. Impressive!
vocabulary扩展:From the Old French ablate "expert at handling (something)," and that from the Latin habilitatem, "aptitude," comes the English ability, a noun indicating the power to act, perform, or accomplish. Capacity is similar in meaning to ability, but note that people have a capacity for doing something, and an ability to do something.
柯林斯星级:★★★★☆
柯林斯解释:1[N-SING 单数名词]能力 Your ability to do something is the fact that you can do it.   [N to-inf]The public never had faith in his ability to handle the job...公众从来不相信他有能力胜任这一职位。He has the ability to bring out the best in others.他能做到扬人之长。2[N-VAR 可变名词]才能;技能;本领 Your ability is the quality or skill that you have which makes it possible for you to do something.   [oft with poss]Her drama teacher spotted her ability...她的戏剧老师发现了她的才能。I have confidence in the ability of the players...我对于球员们的能力充满信心。They repeatedly questioned his leadership abilities...他们一再质疑他的领导才能。Does the school cater for all abilities?学校能够做到因材施教吗?3[PHRASE 短语]尽…所能地;竭尽全力地 If you do something to the best of your abilities or to the best of your ability, you do it as well as you can. I take care of them to the best of my abilities...我尽我所能地照顾他们。They tackled them to the best of their ability.他们竭尽全力给予解决。Usage Note :Do not confuse ability with capability and capacity. You often use ability to say that someone can do something well. He had remarkable ability as a musician. ...the ability to bear hardship. A person's capability is the amount of work they can do and how well they can do it. ...a job that was beyond the capability of one man. ...the director's ideas of the capability of the actor. If someone has a particular capacity, a capacity for something, or a capacity to do something, they have the qualities required to do it. Capacity is a more formal word than ability. ...their capacity for hard work. ...his capacity to see the other person's point of view.不要混淆 ability, capability 和 capacity。ability 常用于表示某人将某件事做好的能力:He had remarkable ability as a musician(他拥有杰出的音乐才华),the ability to bear hardship(承受苦难的能力)。capability 指某人所能完成的工作量以及所能达到的工作质量:a job that was beyond the capability of one man(个人力所不及的工作),the director's ideas of the capability of the actor(导演对于这个演员演技的看法)。capacity指做成某件事所需的素质, 用法比 ability 更加正式,例如 their capacity for hard work(他们能吃苦耐劳),his capacity to see the other person's point of view(他领会他人观点的能力)。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-98919a30-ead49fff-78c79401-f7de7229-51ca58c0.mp3]
英语单词:abnormal
英美音标:英 [æb'nɔːml] 美 [æb'nɔːrml]
中文释义:adj.反常的;不正常的;变态的n.不正常的人
英语例句:(1) We were very surprised at his abnormal behavior.(2) At one time, she is fine, but at another, she is abnormal.(3) He is mentally abnormal.(4) It's abnormal for the boy to eat so much.(5) It is important to make a study of abnormal psychology.(6) Prolonged exposure to lead peroxide can cause abnormal pain, nausea, and vomiting.
中文例句:(1) 我们对他的反常行为感到非常吃惊。(2) 有时候,她表现得很好,有时候又失常。(3) 他精神不正常。(4) 这个孩子吃这么多是不正常的。(5) 研究变态心理学是重要的。(6) 长期接触铅可引起不正常的过氧化疼痛,恶心和呕吐。
vocabulary简明:If you get a snowstorm in the middle of July, you could say that you are experiencing “abnormal weather.” Something that is abnormal is out of the ordinary, or not typical.
vocabulary扩展:Abnormal is a combination of the Latin prefix ab which means “away from,” and the English word normal. It essentially means “not normal,” or "unusual.” Abnormal implies that whatever is “not normal” is also undesirable. However, abnormal is sometimes used in a positive context. The phrase “abnormal intelligence,” for instance, usually refers to someone with especially high intelligence.
柯林斯星级:★☆☆☆☆
柯林斯解释:1[ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词]反常的;异常的;不规则的 Someone or something that is abnormal is unusual, especially in a way that is worrying.   [FORMAL 正式]...abnormal heart rhythms and high anxiety levels.心律不齐和高度焦虑...a child with an abnormal fear of strangers.过于认生的小孩abnormally...abnormally high levels of glucose...异常高的葡萄糖水平This stops the cells from growing abnormally.这阻止了细胞畸形发育。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-666844d4-c08dfe46-ca3a4db5-ba3a6837-e52014ac.mp3]
英语单词:aboard
英美音标:英 [ə'bɔːd] 美 [ə'bɔːrd]
中文释义:adv.在船上;在火车上;在飞机上prep.上船;上飞机;上车
英语例句:(1) Little Tom and the sailors spent two months aboard.(2) All passengers aboard fell into the river.(3) A limited menu is available aboard the train, but a nice bottle of vin rouge and a simple picnic hamper will enhance your Orient-Express fantasy.(4) They were the last two to go aboard the ship.(5) We must not take combustible goods aboard.(6) Passengers may only take aboard the aircraft a minimum of luggage.
中文例句:(1) 小汤姆和水手们在船上过了两个月。(2) 船上所有乘客皆落入河中。(3) 在火车上提供的食物很有限,自备一瓶上好法国红葡萄酒和一份简单的野餐食盒,将会提升你东方快车之旅的乐趣。(4) 他们是最後两位上船的。(5) 我们不可以带易燃物品上船。(6) 乘客上飞机时,只可以带最少量的行李。
vocabulary简明:The adverb aboard means on board, as in on a ship, train or plane. Usually the captain will welcome you aboard with a brief speech if you're lucky — or a long one if you're not.
vocabulary扩展:Aboard comes from the French phrase à bord, which has the same meaning as the English word — on board. If you were just hired, your new manager might say "Welcome aboard" (the figurative company train). The phrase "All aboard!" is said as a warning before departure, especially before a ship or train leaves. It means, in essence: haul your keister up here quick or you'll be left behind!
柯林斯星级:★★☆☆☆
柯林斯解释:1[PREP 介词]在(船、飞机等)上 If you are aboard a ship or plane, you are on it or in it.   [ADV after v]She invited 750 people aboard the luxury yacht, the Savarona...她邀请了750人乘坐豪华游艇“萨瓦罗纳”号。They said goodbye to him as he got aboard the train at Union Station.当他在联合火车站登上火车之际,他们向他道别。Aboard is also an adverb.It had taken two hours to load all the people aboard...花了两个小时才让所有乘客都上了船。The United States has a naval task force offshore, with two thousand marines aboard.美国在近海驻有海军特遣部队,船上共两千名海军陆战队官兵。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-c3930fbc-7635b694-0911b0eb-aa3bc6bd-15e3ff85.mp3]
英语单词:abolish
英美音标:英 [ə'bɒlɪʃ] 美 [ə'bɑːlɪʃ]
中文释义:vt.废除;革除;消灭
英语例句:(1) Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery in the United States.(2) There are many bad customs and laws that ought to be abolished.(3) They petitioned the government to abolish hanging.(4) The legislature passed a law to abolish the surtax.(5) The weapons of war must be abolished before they abolish us.
中文例句:(1) 亚伯拉罕·林肯在美国废除了奴隶制。(2) 有许多不良的习俗和法规应予以废除。(3) 他们向政府请愿,要求废除绞刑。(4) 立法机关通过了一项废除附加税的法令。(5) 在作战武器消灭我们以前,我们应先把它消灭。
vocabulary简明:To abolish is to get rid of or annul. So when the principal yells at you for the 100th time for not having your shirt tucked in, it's safe to wish they'd just abolish the silly dress code.
vocabulary扩展:The word abolish might stir up some historical connotations, since in the U.S. it's commonly associated with bringing an end to slavery. In fact, those who opposed slavery were called "abolitionists." Coming to us from the Latin word abolere, meaning to "destroy, cause to die out, or retard the growth of," these days abolish is used bring a final and official-sounding end to laws, codes and other non-crowd pleasing practices.
柯林斯星级:★★☆☆☆
柯林斯解释:1[VERB 动词]废除,废止(制度、习俗等) If someone in authority abolishes a system or practice, they formally put an end to it.   [V n]The following year Parliament voted to abolish the death penalty for murder...议会于翌年表决对谋杀罪废除死刑。The whole system should be abolished.整个制度应该被废除。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-ce6b3faa-96b766e3-4bd11b11-09c8fca3-00731cc8.mp3]
英语单词:abortion
英美音标:英 [ə'bɔːʃn] 美 [ə'bɔːrʃn]
中文释义:n.流产;堕胎;(计划等)失败
英语例句:(1) Abortion is illegal in this country.(2) She decided not to go through with the abortion.(3) Abortion issues are political dynamite.(4) They are discussing the morality of abortion.(5) There has been much dispute over the question of legalized abortion.
中文例句:(1) 人工流产在这个国家是不合法的。(2) 她决定不做流产。(3) 堕胎问题在政治上是个爆炸性问题。(4) 他们正在讨论堕胎的道德性。(5) 堕胎合法化问题引起了许多争论。
vocabulary简明:Abortion is a surgical procedure that ends a pregnancy. In the United States, the public debate over a women's right to have an abortion is a complex and heated political issue.
vocabulary扩展:The words abort and abortion can also apply to non-pregnancy related topics. If you are in the middle of a jewel-heist and the alarm on the vault is tripped, you and your partners in crime might opt to abort the plan and run while you can, debating whether the plan's abortion was a good decision or not later.
柯林斯星级:★★★☆☆
柯林斯解释:1[N-VAR 可变名词]人工流产;堕胎 If a woman has an abortion, she ends her pregnancy deliberately so that the baby is not born alive. His girlfriend had an abortion.他的女朋友做了流产。...anti-abortion groups...反堕胎团体He and his wife both strongly support abortion rights.他和妻子都强烈支持堕胎权。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-0c75ae8f-8a0a5991-37d5b3f5-9438674e-99bfa2ba.mp3]
英语单词:abrupt
英美音标:英 [ə'brʌpt] 美 [ə'brʌpt]
中文释义:adj.突然的;唐突的;意外的;陡峭的
英语例句:(1) The river takes an abrupt bend to the west.(2) His speech comes to an abrupt stop.(3) That young man has an abrupt manner.(4) His manner of speaking was quite abrupt.(5) Pug's abrupt proposal gave her a big surprise.(6) We walked down an abrupt slope.
中文例句:(1) 这河突然向西转弯。(2) 他的演讲突然停止了。(3) 那个年轻人态度很无礼。(4) 他的说话方式很唐突。(5) 帕格的出乎意料的求婚给了她一个意外的惊喜。(6) 我们沿着陡峭的斜坡走下来。
vocabulary简明:An abrupt decision is one you make suddenly. An abrupt halt is one the Road Runner comes to when reaching an abrupt drop-off—you'd hear brakes squealing.
vocabulary扩展:Because being abrupt with someone is often a way of showing them that you are angry, you often apologize for the appearance of it. "I'm sorry I was abrupt. I was rushing to get to class." The root of abrupt is Latin rumpere "to break," which also gives us rupture "break" and interrupt "break into."
柯林斯星级:★★☆☆☆
柯林斯解释:1[ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词]突然的,意外的(常指令人不快的改变或行为) An abrupt change or action is very sudden, often in a way which is unpleasant. Rosie's idyllic world came to an abrupt end when her parents' marriage broke up...父母婚姻的破裂使得罗茜田园诗般美好的世界陡然画上了句号。The recession brought an abrupt halt to this happiness...经济衰退让这幸福戛然而止。His abrupt departure is bound to raise questions.他的拂袖而去必然会招来很多疑问。abruptlyHe stopped abruptly and looked my way.他突然停下,朝我看过来。2[ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词](言语)粗鲁的,唐突的,鲁莽的 Someone who is abrupt speaks in a rather rude, unfriendly way. He was abrupt to the point of rudeness...他的唐突已到了无礼的地步。Cross was a little taken aback by her abrupt manner.她鲁莽的态度让克罗斯感到有点吃惊。abruptly'Good night, then,' she said abruptly.“那么,晚安,”她生硬地说道。abruptnessI think Simon was hurt by your abruptness this afternoon.我觉得你下午的粗鲁行为对西蒙造成了伤害。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-f4d8f1e0-179f2a0f-74c3b3db-3f564f69-94c8a2d9.mp3]
英语单词:absence
英美音标:英 ['æbsəns] 美 ['æbsəns]
中文释义:n.缺席;缺乏
英语例句:(1) His long absence raised fears about his safety.(2) What was the real reason for your absence?(3) We are in the absence of experience.(4) The absence of color in that drawing make it dull.
中文例句:(1) 他长期不在引起了大家对他的安全的担心。(2) 你缺席的真正原因是什么?(3) 我们缺乏经验。(4) 那幅画因没有着色而显得晦暗。
vocabulary简明:Absence is the state of not being someplace, like school. It can also refer to the amount of time something has been, or plans to be gone.
vocabulary扩展:We most commonly think of absence as the opposite of present in places school, but really it can refer to anything that's missing or something that's lacking. Darkness is an absence of light, and cold is an absence of heat. The figure of speech "absence makes the heart grow fonder" means "when my beloved isn't here, my feelings for them get even stronger" or "when something's gone, you want it even more."
柯林斯星级:★★★☆☆
柯林斯解释:1[N-VAR 可变名词]不在;缺席 Someone's absence from a place is the fact that they are not there.   [with supp]...a bundle of letters which had arrived for me in my absence...我不在期间寄给我的一大堆信件Eleanor would later blame her mother-in-law for her husband's frequent absences.埃莉诺过后会因丈夫经常不在家而责怪婆婆。2[N-SING 单数名词]缺乏;不存在 The absence of something from a place is the fact that it is not there or does not exist.   [with supp]The presence or absence of clouds can have an important impact on heat transfer...有无云层对热量的传递会产生重要的影响。In the absence of a will the courts decide who the guardian is.在没有遗嘱的情况下,由法庭指定监护人。3See also:leave of absence; conspicuous by one's absence→see: conspicuous;
英语发音: [sound:youdao-03fca29f-73b050a7-3b705b9d-690722d1-3a3bbf4d.mp3]
英语单词:absent
英美音标:英 ['æbsənt] 美 ['æbsənt]
中文释义:adj.缺席的;不在的;缺乏的vt.使缺席
英语例句:(1) Professor Li is absent, I will take the lesson in the place of him.(2) Many students were absent, notably the monitor.(3) You should not be absent from class.(4) Before such experiments, humans thought language skills were absent from the animal kingdom.(5) Why did you absent yourself from school yesterday?
中文例句:(1) 李教授不在,我替他上课。(2) 许多学生缺席,特别是连班长也没来。(3) 你不应当旷课。(4) 在做这些实验前,人们认为动物王国缺乏语言技能。(5) 昨天你为何不到校?
vocabulary简明:Absent means not there. If you absent yourself from class, you're marked as absent. If you have an absent parent, it means they don't live with you or take part in your care.
vocabulary扩展:Absent can also describe a state of mind, meaning "not all there" or "lost in thought." If you are absent from class on a test day, you will have to explain your absence, unless your teacher is so absent minded she forgets and just gives you an A.
柯林斯星级:★★☆☆☆
柯林斯解释:The adjective and preposition are pronounced /'æbsənt/. The verb is pronounced /æb'sent/. 形容词和介词读作 /'æbsənt/。动词读作 /æb'sent/。1[ADJ 形容词]不在的;缺席的 If someone or something is absent from a place or situation where they should be or where they usually are, they are not there.   [usu v-link ADJ]He has been absent from his desk for two weeks...他已经有两个星期没有坐在办公桌前了。The pictures, too, were absent from the walls...那些画也不在墙上了。Any soldier failing to report would be considered absent without leave and punished accordingly.士兵若未报到将被视为擅离职守而受处分。2[ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词]出神的;心不在焉的 If someone appears absent, they are not paying attention because they are thinking about something else. 'Nothing,' Rosie said in an absent way.“没什么,”罗茜心不在焉地说。absentlyHe nodded absently.他漫不经心地点了点头。3[ADJ 形容词](父或母)不与子女一起住的 An absent parent does not live with his or her children.   [ADJ n]...absent fathers who fail to pay towards the costs of looking after their children.那些不在子女身边、未能支付抚养费的父亲4[VERB 动词]使不在,使离开(本应在或通常在的地方) If someone absents themselves from a place where they should be or where they usually are, they do not go there or they do not stay there.   [V pron-refl from n]  [V pron-refl]  [FORMAL 正式]She was old enough to absent herself from the lunch table if she chose...她长大了,可以自己做主不来吃午餐了。He pleaded guilty before a court martial to absenting himself without leave.在军事法庭上他对自己擅离职守表示服罪。5[PREP 介词]若没有;假设没有 If you say that absent one thing, another thing will happen, you mean that if the first thing does not happen, the second thing will happen.   [AM 美]  [FORMAL 正式]Absent a solution, people like Sue Godfrey will just keep on fighting.假如得不到解决,像休·戈弗雷这样的人就会一直坚持斗争下去。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-268968dc-c9a5cb00-f3f05359-1856a85b-0ffbc328.mp3]
英语单词:absolute
英美音标:英 ['æbsəluːt] 美 ['æbsəluːt]
中文释义:adj.绝对的;确实的;专制的;完全的;独立的;无限制的n.绝对的事物
英语例句:(1) There is no absolute standard for beauty.(2) Motion is absolute, while stillness is relative.(3) There is no absolute freedom in the world.(4) The police have absolute proof of his guilt.(5) We don't like the absolute ruler who does just as he please.(6) We have an absolute mandate for these proposals.(7) This reply is equeal to an absolute denial.(8) Independent thinking is an absolute necessity.(9) I disagree that the property right is absolute.
中文例句:(1) 美是没有绝对的标准的。(2) 运动是绝对的,而静止是相对的。(3) 世上没有绝对的自由。(4) 警方有他犯罪的确凿证据。(5) 我们不喜欢为所欲为的专制统治者。(6) 我们完全有权提出这些建议。(7) 这个答复就相当于完全否定。(8) 独立思考是绝对必要的。(9) 我不同意财产权是无限制的。
vocabulary简明:Use absolute as a noun or an adjective when you're so sure of something that you know it will never change. For example, a devout person's belief in life after death is an absolute; that person has absolute faith in the afterlife.
vocabulary扩展:Absolute can also mean "without any doubt," as in the case of an absolute beauty — such as a glamorous movie star or a supermodel — or "without limits," such as a dictator who has absolute power over the people. Or, absolute can describe a final demand that must be met, such as the absolute conditions a person buying a home might present to its seller — it's the last step and can make or break the sale.
柯林斯星级:★★★☆☆
柯林斯解释:1[ADJ 形容词]完全的;彻底的 Absolute means total and complete.   [usu ADJ n]It's not really suited to absolute beginners...它并不真正适合从零开始的初学者。A sick person needs absolute confidence and trust in a doctor.病人需要对医生有绝对的信心和信任。2[ADJ 形容词]十足的;地道的 You use absolute to emphasize something that you are saying.   [ADJ n]  [emphasis]About 12 inches wide is the absolute minimum you should consider...12英寸左右的宽度绝对是你应考虑的最低值。I think it's absolute nonsense.我认为那十足是无稽之谈。3[ADJ 形容词]专制独裁的;有无上权力的 An absolute ruler has complete power and authority over his or her country.   [ADJ n]He ruled with absolute power.他实行独裁统治。...the doctrine of absolute monarchy based upon divine right.以神权为基础的君主专制学说4[ADJ 形容词]确实的;不容置疑的 Absolute is used to say that something is definite and will not change even if circumstances change.   [usu ADJ n]John brought the absolute proof that we needed...约翰带来了我们所需的确凿证据。They had given an absolute assurance that it would be kept secret.他们信誓旦旦地保证将对此绝对保密。5[ADJ 形容词](数值)不受变量影响的,绝对的 An amount that is expressed in absolute terms is expressed as a fixed amount rather than referring to variable factors such as what you earn or the effects of inflation.   [ADJ n]In absolute terms British wages remain low by European standards.根据欧洲标准,英国工资的绝对值依然很低。6[ADJ 形容词](规则、原则)绝对的 Absolute rules and principles are believed to be true, right, or relevant in all situations.   [usu ADJ n]There are no absolute rules.世事无绝对。...certain assumptions which are accepted without question as absolute truths.某些未经质疑就被作为绝对真理而全盘接受的假设7[N-COUNT 可数名词]绝对法则(或原则) An absolute is a rule or principle that is believed to be true, right, or relevant in all situations. We tend to think in absolutes.我们思考问题倾向于绝对化。8See also:decree absolute;
英语发音: [sound:youdao-1eb820ed-1292ef23-ac9be97c-15e6af5a-71a5cf60.mp3]
英语单词:absorb
英美音标:英 [əb'sɔːb] 美 [əb'sɔːrb]
中文释义:vt.吸收;吸引 ... 的注意;吞并;承受
英语例句:(1) Dry sand absorbs water.(2) Did you absorb everything the professor said?(3) His business absorbs him.(4) Large nations shouldn't absorb smaller ones.(5) She won't be able to absorb another heavy blow.
中文例句:(1) 干沙吸收水份。(2) 教授说的你全部理解了吗?(3) 他的业务使他全神贯注。(4) 大国不应当吞并小国。(5) 她无力承受再一次沉重的打击。
vocabulary简明:To absorb is to take in or suck up like a sponge. If you don't hear your mother calling because you are reading, you could say you were absorbed in the book.
vocabulary扩展:If your parents buy groceries for a party you are throwing and don't make you pay, you could say that they decided to absorb the cost of the food. Young minds absorb information easily. The word, absorbent, describes something that is capable of absorbing something else. When you go swimming on a chilly day, it's best to carry an absorbent towel so that all of the water is absorbed from the surface of your skin.
柯林斯星级:★★☆☆☆
柯林斯解释:1[VERB 动词]吸收(液体、气体等) If something absorbs a liquid, gas, or other substance, it soaks it up or takes it in.   [V n]  [be V-ed into n]Plants absorb carbon dioxide from the air and moisture from the soil...植物从空气中吸收二氧化碳并从土壤中汲取水分。Refined sugars are absorbed into the bloodstream very quickly.精制糖迅速吸收进血液中。2[VERB 动词]吸收(光、热等能量) If something absorbs light, heat, or another form of energy, it takes it in.   [V n]A household radiator absorbs energy in the form of electric current and releases it in the form of heat.家用取暖器吸收电流能量,再以热量的形式释放出来。3[VERB 动词]合并;兼并;吸收并同化 If a group is absorbed into a larger group, it becomes part of the larger group.   [be V-ed into n]  [V n]The Colonial Office was absorbed into the Foreign Office.殖民部被并入了外交部。...an economy capable of absorbing thousands of immigrants.能够吸纳数千移民的经济实体4[VERB 动词]消减,缓冲(外力、震动等) If something absorbs a force or shock, it reduces its effect.   [V n]...footwear which does not absorb the impact of the foot striking the ground.不具备减震功能的鞋子5[VERB 动词]经受,承受(变革、影响等);承担(费用等) If a system or society absorbs changes, effects, or costs, it is able to deal with them.   [V n]The banks would be forced to absorb large losses...银行将被迫承受巨大的损失。We can't absorb those costs.我们负担不起那些费用。6[VERB 动词]用掉,花掉(大量金钱);占去(空间、时间) If something absorbs something valuable such as money, space, or time, it uses up a great deal of it.   [V n]It absorbed vast amounts of capital that could have been used for investment...它消耗掉了原本可用于投资的大笔资金。It might help if campaigning didn't absorb so much time and money.如果竞选活动没耗费这么多的时间和金钱,情况或许还不会这么糟。7[VERB 动词]理解,掌握(信息) If you absorb information, you learn and understand it.   [V n]Too often he only absorbs half the information in the manual...他对于说明书上所说的经常是一知半解。We closed our offices at 2:00 p.m. to give employees time to absorb the bad news.我们下午两点就放工了,以便给员工时间来慢慢接受这一坏消息。8[VERB 动词]See also:absorbed;absorbing;吸引…的注意;使全神贯注 If something absorbs you, it interests you a great deal and takes up all your attention and energy.   [V n]...a second career which absorbed her more completely than her acting ever had.比演艺生涯更让她投入的又一职业
英语发音: [sound:youdao-a3a0267c-35ff3402-5ef5bbe5-b89338ac-1fda43a2.mp3]
英语单词:abstract
英美音标:英 ['æbstrækt] 美 ['æbstrækt]
中文释义:adj.抽象的;理论的;抽象派的n.摘要;抽象派艺术作品v.(/æbˈstrækt/)把…抽象出;提取;抽取;转移(注意力等);做…的摘要;<婉>偷
英语例句:(1) We may talk of beautiful things, but beauty itself is abstract.(2) He has some abstract notion of wanting to change the world.(3) Abstract paintings did not appeal to him.(4) The whole text of the abstract shall contain not more than 300 Chinese characters.(5) They are trying to abstract iron from ore.(6) There is a plan to abstract 8 million gallons of water from the river.(7) She tried to abstract my attention from my work.
中文例句:(1) 我们尽可谈论美的事物,然而美本身却是抽象的。(2) 他有一种要改造世界的空想。(3) 抽象派绘画引不起他的兴趣。(4) 摘要文字部分不得超过300个字。(5) 他们正试图从矿石中提取铁。(6) 有一个从这条河中抽取800万加仑水的计划。(7) 她企图转移我对工作的注意力。
vocabulary简明:Use the adjective abstract for something that is not a material object or is general and not based on specific examples.
vocabulary扩展:Abstract is from a Latin word meaning "pulled away, detached," and the basic idea is of something detached from physical, or concrete, reality. It is frequently used of ideas, meaning that they don't have a clear applicability to real life, and of art, meaning that it doesn't pictorially represent reality. It is also used as a noun, especially in the phrase "in the abstract" (a joke has a person laying down a new sidewalk saying "I like little boys in the abstract, but not in the concrete"), and as a verb (accented on the second syllable), meaning "to remove."
柯林斯星级:★★☆☆☆
柯林斯解释:The adjective and noun are pronounced /'æbstrækt/. The verb is pronounced /æb'strækt/. 形容词和名词读作 /'æbstrækt/。动词读作 /æb'strækt/。1[ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词]抽象的;纯概念的 An abstract idea or way of thinking is based on general ideas rather than on real things and events. ...abstract principles such as justice...正义等抽象原则It's not a question of some abstract concept.这不是某个抽象概念的问题。...the faculty of abstract reasoning.抽象推理的能力abstractlyIt is hard to think abstractly in these conditions.在这样的情况下进行抽象思维很困难。2[PHRASE 短语]大体上;理论上;抽象地 When you talk or think about something in the abstract, you talk or think about it in a general way, rather than considering particular things or events.   [PHR with cl/group]Money was a commodity she never thought about except in the abstract.钱对她来说就是个抽象的东西,她从不去想钱。3[ADJ 形容词](名词)抽象的,表示抽象概念的 In grammar, an abstract noun refers to a quality or idea rather than to a physical object.   [ADJ n]...abstract words such as glory, honor, and courage.抽象名词,如光荣、荣耀和勇气4[ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词](艺术)抽象(派)的 Abstract art makes use of shapes and patterns rather than showing people or things.   [usu ADJ n]...a modern abstract painting.一幅现代派抽象画5[N-COUNT 可数名词]抽象派艺术作品 An abstract is an abstract work of art. 6[N-COUNT 可数名词]摘要;梗概 An abstract of an article, document, or speech is a short piece of writing that gives the main points of it.   [oft N of n]7[VERB 动词]提取;抽取;摘取 If you abstract something from a place, you take it from there.   [V n from n]  [Also V n]  [FORMAL 正式]...a licence to abstract water from the River Axe...从阿克斯河中抽水的许可证The author has abstracted poems from earlier books.作者从以前的书中摘取了一些诗作。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-dd6a41be-1d3815d2-136559c8-59a81c0d-a9aac0b4.mp3]
英语单词:absurd
英美音标:英 [əb'sɜːd] 美 [əb'sɜːrd]
中文释义:adj.荒唐的;可笑的;不合理的n.荒唐
英语例句:(1) He finally recovered from an absurd infatuation.(2) We have no intention of lying down under these absurd allegations.(3) It was absurd of you to suggest such a thing.(4) He looked absurd in that get-up.(5) It is absurd to argue from these premises.(6) The proposal borders on the absurd.(7) The pleading with Nora is beyond absurd.
中文例句:(1) 他终于从荒唐的迷恋中醒悟过来。(2) 对这些荒谬的指控我们是不甘受辱的。(3) 你居然建议这样的事,太可笑了。(4) 他穿著那套衣服看上去怪模怪样的。(5) 凭这些前提议论是不合理的。(6) 该提议近乎可笑。(7) 向诺拉好言相求真是荒唐得无以复加。
vocabulary简明:Something absurd is really silly, absolutely ridiculous, or total nonsense. Thinking you can wear flip flops and a bikini to the North Pole is an absurd idea, for example.
vocabulary扩展:If you run into someone dressed in an absurd outfit or watch a movie full of absurd jokes, you'll probably have a good laugh. But find yourself dealing with the absurd; you'll likely be stuck in a depressing existential crisis. The absurd describes a state of being where human life has no purpose and everything is completely irrational.
柯林斯星级:★★☆☆☆
柯林斯解释:1[ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词]荒谬的;荒唐的;不合理的 If you say that something is absurd, you are criticizing it because you think that it is ridiculous or that it does not make sense.   [oft it v-link ADJ to-inf/that]  [the N]  [disapproval]  [FORMAL 正式]It is absurd to be discussing compulsory redundancy policies for teachers...讨论针对教师的强制裁员政策真是滑稽可笑。I've known clients of mine go to absurd lengths, just to avoid paying me a few pounds...我知道我的一些客户就为了少付我几英镑,可谓无所不用其极。That's absurd.那非常荒谬。The absurd is something that is absurd.荒诞的事物;悖理的东西Parkinson had a sharp eye for the absurd.帕金森对于荒诞不经的事一眼即明。absurdlyPrices were still absurdly low, in his opinion...在他看来,价格依然低得离谱。Absurdly, it makes shoppers overpay farmers to grow too much food.荒谬的是,这样会使得购物者支付过多的钱让农民去种太多的粮食。absurdityI find myself growing increasingly angry at the absurdity of the situation.对如此荒谬可笑的情况我感到越来越生气。...the absurdities of fashionable childcare methods.时下流行的滑稽可笑的育婴法
英语发音: [sound:youdao-38ea72be-8f6d4f9a-fa72be7b-1738883a-317c9b94.mp3]
英语单词:abundant
英美音标:英 [ə'bʌndənt] 美 [ə'bʌndənt]
中文释义:adj.丰富的;充裕的
英语例句:(1) Indonesia is abundant in petroleum deposits.(2) The agricultural commodities are abundant this year.(3) Birds concentrate in places where food is abundant.(4) There is abundant firewood in the forest.(5) We have abundant oil seeds to sell.
中文例句:(1) 印尼的石油蕴藏量丰富。(2) 今年的农产品很丰富。(3) 鸟聚集在食物丰盛的地方。(4) 森林里有充裕的薪柴可用。(5) 我们有充裕的油籽出售。
vocabulary简明:On Halloween, you can find candy in abundant supply. Use abundant to describe something that exists in large amounts that are more than what's needed.
vocabulary扩展:Near synonyms are plentiful, emphasizing "large amounts," and ample, emphasizing "more than enough." The adjective abundant is commonly followed by the prepositions with or in, to mean "filled with or rich in something": a region abundant in natural resources. Abundant comes from Middle English aboundant, from Old French abondant, from Latin abundāns, form of abundāre "to overflow."
柯林斯星级:★☆☆☆☆
柯林斯解释:1[ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词]大量的;丰富的;充足的 Something that is abundant is present in large quantities. There is an abundant supply of cheap labour...廉价劳动力供应充足。Birds are abundant in the tall vegetation.高大的植被中有着大量的鸟类。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-b3061dad-ecb50ede-5c52fd67-b351ccf6-d819f864.mp3]
英语单词:abuse
英美音标:英 [ə'bjuːs] 美 [ə'bjuːs]
中文释义:n.滥用;恶习vt.滥用;辱骂;虐待
英语例句:(1) The government has set up a working party to look into the problem of drug abuse.(2) His political reputation was tainted by his abuse of the power.(3) He greeted me with a stream of abuse.(4) It's easy to abuse one's power.(5) I don't consider it good for a person to be afraid of being abused.
中文例句:(1) 政府已成立工作组调查滥用毒品问题。(2) 他因滥用职权而破坏了政治声誉。(3) 他见到我就连声辱骂。(4) 人容易滥用权力。(5) 一个人怕挨骂,我看不好。
vocabulary简明:If you abuse someone, it means you are hurting that person, mentally, emotionally, or physically. If someone else is harming you, you are yourself suffering from abuse.
vocabulary扩展:The word abuse is made up of two parts — "use," which means to employ, and ab-, a Latin prefix meaning "away" — and as a whole comes from the Latin abūsus, meaning "misuse," or "use wrongly." It began as a verb and became a noun in the mid-15th century. Abuse also refers to anything that is employed improperly or to excess, such as the abuse of alcohol or drugs.
柯林斯星级:★★★★☆
柯林斯解释:The noun is pronounced /ə'bjuːs/. The verb is pronounced /ə'bjuːz/. 名词读作 /ə'bjuːs/。动词读作 /ə'bjuːz/。1[N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词]虐待;凌辱 Abuse of someone is cruel and violent treatment of them.   [also N in pl]...investigation of alleged child abuse.对涉嫌虐童案的调查...victims of sexual and physical abuse.遭受性虐待及肉体摧残的受害者...controversy over human rights abuses.关于践踏人权的争议2[N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词]辱骂;恶语 Abuse is extremely rude and insulting things that people say when they are angry. I was left shouting abuse as the car sped off...汽车飞驰而去,留下我在那里大声咒骂。Raft repeatedly hurled verbal abuse at his co-star.拉夫特不断地破口大骂和他联合主演的演员。3[N-VAR 可变名词]滥用;妄用 Abuse of something is the use of it in a wrong way or for a bad purpose.   [with supp]What went on here was an abuse of power.这里所发生的事是一种滥用职权的行为。...drug and alcohol abuse.嗜毒和酗酒4[VERB 动词]虐待;凌辱;伤害 If someone is abused, they are treated cruelly and violently.   [be V-ed]  [V n]  [V-ed]Janet had been abused by her father since she was eleven.珍妮特从11岁起就遭受父亲虐待。...parents who feel they cannot cope or might abuse their children.认为自己应付不来或可能会虐待孩子的父母...those who work with abused children.从事帮助受虐儿童的工作的人们abuser...a convicted child abuser.已定罪的虐童犯5[VERB 动词]辱骂;侮辱 You can say that someone is abused if extremely rude and insulting things are said to them.   [be V-ed]  [Also V n]He alleged that he was verbally abused by other soldiers.他宣称自己遭到其他士兵的辱骂。6[VERB 动词]滥用;妄用 If you abuse something, you use it in a wrong way or for a bad purpose.   [V n]He showed how the rich and powerful can abuse their position.他让我们看到有钱有势的人是如何滥用其地位的。abuser...the treatment of alcohol and drug abusers.对酗酒和嗜毒者的治疗
英语发音: [sound:youdao-16225cff-4d49d343-a9b37b93-7b132a14-7c47394c.mp3]
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