大学英语四级单词(词典重制完美版)
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大学英语四级单词(词典重制完美版)apkg
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棉花一朵 发布时间:2020-12-22 14:09:57
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英语单词:abandon
Front:abandon [əˈbændən] (高研四六托宝 2182/2057 -K3)
Back: vt. 放弃,抛弃; 离弃,丢弃; 使屈从; 停止进行,终止 n. 放任,放纵; 完全屈从于压制 时态:abandoned, abandoning, abandons 分布:放弃(76%),抛弃(21%),放纵(3%) →来自法语短语 a bandon. 前缀a-同ad-, 去,往。-band, 意愿。原指置于别人的意愿之下,任人处置,后喻指遗弃,词源同ban,命令,禁止, 同phone, 说,命令。 抛弃,放弃(a不+ban+don给予→不禁止给出去→放弃)[ban=prohibit,表示"禁止"] vt.离弃,丢弃;遗弃,抛弃;放弃The wandering band abandoned her bandaged husband on Swan Island.流浪的乐队把她那位打着绷带的丈夫遗弃在天鹅岛上. 【记】a+band乐队+on,一个乐队在舞台上。想想黑豹、唐朝、零点等疯狂的摇滚乐队,不仅他们在放纵,你们听他们的歌本身也是一种放纵。【反】salvage(vt 海上救助) verb transitive LEAVE 丢弃  IMPROVER  ■to leave a place, thing or person forever 离弃;放弃;抛弃;遗弃 •We had to abandon the car.我们不得不弃车而去。 •By the time the rebel troops arrived, the village had already been abandoned.当叛军杀到时,村民已经撤离了村庄。 •As a baby he'd been abandoned by his mother.他在繦褓之中就被母亲遗弃了。 •We were sinking fast, and the captain gave the order to abandon ship.我们的船沉得很快,船长下令弃船。 [ə'bæn.dən] verb transitive STOP 停止  IMPROVER  ■to stop doing an activity before you have finished it 放弃;中止 •The match was abandoned at half-time because of the poor weather conditions.由于天气状况太差,比赛进行了一半就停止了。 •They had to abandon their attempt to climb the mountain.他们被迫放弃攀登这座山的打算。 •The party has now abandoned its policy of unilateral disarmament.这个政党已经废止了其单方面裁军的政策。 [ə'bæn.dən] verb transitive   Phrasal Verbs   [R] abandon yourself to sth ■to allow yourself to be controlled completely by a feeling or way of living 沉湎于;放纵 •He abandoned himself to his emotions.他任由自己的情绪发泄。 [ə'bæn.dən] noun literary with (gay/wild) abandon ■in a completely uncontrolled way 尽情;放纵 •We danced with wild abandon.我们纵情跳舞。 desert, leave, give up, forsake, abandon 这组词都有“抛弃、放弃”的意思,其区别是: desert: 着重指违背法律责任和义务,或自己的信仰与誓言的行为,多含非难的意味。 leave: 普通用词,指舍弃某事或某一职业,或终止同一某人的关系,但不涉及动机与果。 give up: 普通用语,侧重指没有希望或因外界压力而放弃。 forsake: 侧重断绝感情上的依恋,自愿抛弃所喜欢的人或物。也指抛弃信仰或改掉恶习。 abandon: 强调永远或完全放弃或抛弃人或事物等,这可能是被迫的,也可能是自愿的。 preclude, discard, abandon, eliminate, abolish, dismiss preclude: 排除 discard: 丢弃,抛弃(可指人也可指物) abandon: 放弃(某物) eliminate: 消除,淘汰 abolish: (依法)废除 dismiss: 解雇 n. 狂热;放任  - loose, mania vt. 遗弃;放弃  - desert, yield, quit
笔记:
英美音标:英 [ə'bændən] 美 [ə'bændən]
中文释义:v.放弃;抛弃;放纵n.放纵
英语例句:(1) Those who abandon themselves to despair can not succeed.(2) The cruel man abandoned his wife and child.(3) They abandon themselves to drinking.(4) He signed cheques with careless abandon.(5) The cheerleader waved his arms with wild abandon.
中文例句:(1) 那些自暴自弃的人无法成功。(2) 那个狠心的男人抛弃了他的妻儿。(3) 他们沉湎于饮酒。(4) 他无所顾忌地乱开支票。(5) 拉拉队队长疯狂地挥舞双臂。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-9c926e3d-0a9d8e30-b34de250-5691f8d6-f083ade2.mp3]
英语单词:abnormal
Front:abnormal [æbˈnɔ:ml] (高研四六托雅 8241/6548 -1)
Back: adj. 反常的,异常的; 不规则的; 变态的,畸形的; 邪门儿 分布:不正常的(56%),反常的(26%),变态的(13%),不正常的人(5%) →前缀ab-, 离开,非。normal,正常。 反常的(ab+normal正常的)[ab-,abs-加在词根前,表示"相反,变坏,离去"等] 异常的,反常的(ab离开+normal正常的)[norm=rule,norm,表示"规则,规范"] a.反常的,不正常的,不规则的Normally, enormous deformation is abnormal.通常,巨大的变形是不正常的. US [-'nɔ:r-] adjective  ADVANCED  ■different from what is usual or average, especially in a way that is bad 反常的,异常的,变态的(尤指不好的) •abnormal behaviour/weather/conditions反常的行为/天气/情况 •Tests revealed some abnormal skin cells.检验结果显示一些皮肤细胞异常。 abnormal, unusual abnormal: 变态的,反常的 unusual: 不常见的,不普通的,难得的 uncommon, abnormal, disordered 这组词都有“反常的”的意思,其区别是: uncommon: a.罕见的,不平常的,指很少经历或很少见到的状况;特别的,出色的。  • Hurricanes are uncommon in England.   飓风在英国非常罕见。  • That is uncommon instant coffee; it tastes great!   那速溶咖啡质量上乘,味道好极了! abnormal: a.不正常的,反常的(但并非罕见),指行为或现象(如气候)的异常。  • His body temperature has been abnormal for 3 days, the highest point reaching 40.5 degree centigrade.   他的体温三天来一直都不正常,最高的时候达到40.5摄氏度。(尽管身体发烧不正常,但生活中也时有发生。) disordered: a.混乱的,杂乱的;(精神或身体)有病的。  • We couldn't understand her disordered presentation.   我们听不明白她条理不清的陈述。  • hehe, then I'd better face my belly downward the ground.   adj. 反常的,不规则的;变态的  - unnatural, eccentric
笔记:
英美音标:英 [æb'nɔːml] 美 [æb'nɔːrml]
中文释义:adj.反常的;不正常的;变态的n.不正常的人
英语例句:(1) We were very surprised at his abnormal behavior.(2) At one time, she is fine, but at another, she is abnormal.(3) He is mentally abnormal.(4) It's abnormal for the boy to eat so much.(5) It is important to make a study of abnormal psychology.(6) Prolonged exposure to lead peroxide can cause abnormal pain, nausea, and vomiting.
中文例句:(1) 我们对他的反常行为感到非常吃惊。(2) 有时候,她表现得很好,有时候又失常。(3) 他精神不正常。(4) 这个孩子吃这么多是不正常的。(5) 研究变态心理学是重要的。(6) 长期接触铅可引起不正常的过氧化疼痛,恶心和呕吐。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-666844d4-c08dfe46-ca3a4db5-ba3a6837-e52014ac.mp3]
英语单词:aboard
Front:aboard [əˈbɔ:d] (高研四托 4984/7625 -2)
Back: prep. 在(船、飞机、车)上,上(船、飞机、车); 上车 adv. 在船(或飞机、车)上,上船(或飞机、车); 靠船边; 在船上; 在火车上 分布:上船(38%),在船上(21%),上飞机(16%),上车(10%),在飞机上(9%),在火车上(6%) →来自古英语on board. 单词board, 板,代指船板,船。 ad. & prep.在船(飞机,车)上;ad.上船(飞机)The roaring oar hit the coarse keyboard on the cupboard aboard the boat.轰鸣的桨击中了船上碗柜上的粗糙键盘. US [-'bɔ:rd] adverb preposition  ADVANCED  ■used when talking about getting onto a ship, aircraft, bus or train 上船(或飞机、公共汽车、火车);在船(或飞机、公共汽车、火车) •The flight attendant welcomed us aboard.空服员迎候我们登机。 •Welcome aboard flight BA345 to Tokyo.欢迎乘坐飞往东京的 BA345 航班。 •The train's about to leave. All aboard!火车即将离站,请所有乘客上车! •We spent two months aboard ship (= on the ship).我们坐了两个月的船。 aboard, broad, abroad, board aboard: 在船(或飞机,车)上。如:I never went aboard a ship. broad: 为形容词,宽广的。如:He has very broad shoulders. abroad: 副词,在国外或海外。如:He often goes abroad. board: 为动词,上(船,飞机,车)。如:The passengers are boarding the plane now. adv. [航] 在飞机上; [军] [船] [交] 在船上;在火车上  - onboard, ashipboard
笔记:
英美音标:英 [ə'bɔːd] 美 [ə'bɔːrd]
中文释义:adv.在船上;在火车上;在飞机上prep.上船;上飞机;上车
英语例句:(1) Little Tom and the sailors spent two months aboard.(2) All passengers aboard fell into the river.(3) A limited menu is available aboard the train, but a nice bottle of vin rouge and a simple picnic hamper will enhance your Orient-Express fantasy.(4) They were the last two to go aboard the ship.(5) We must not take combustible goods aboard.(6) Passengers may only take aboard the aircraft a minimum of luggage.
中文例句:(1) 小汤姆和水手们在船上过了两个月。(2) 船上所有乘客皆落入河中。(3) 在火车上提供的食物很有限,自备一瓶上好法国红葡萄酒和一份简单的野餐食盒,将会提升你东方快车之旅的乐趣。(4) 他们是最後两位上船的。(5) 我们不可以带易燃物品上船。(6) 乘客上飞机时,只可以带最少量的行李。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-c3930fbc-7635b694-0911b0eb-aa3bc6bd-15e3ff85.mp3]
英语单词:above
Front:above [əˈbʌv] (中高 893/733 -K4)
Back: prep. 在…上面; 超过; 大于; 不至于 adv. 在上面; 超过; 更大; 上文 adj. 上述的 分布:上面的(31%),超过(19%),高于(17%),在上面(16%),以上的(11%),上面的东西(3%),在 ... 上面(1%),上文地(1%),更重要地(1%) →来自古英语onbufan, -uf同up. a.上述的ad.在上面prep.在..之上,高于By the spoon you'll soon see the smooth tooth of the moon above the booth.借助勺子你可以立刻看到电话亭上方月亮的光滑牙齿. adverb preposition HIGHER POSITION 更高的位置  ESSENTIAL  ■in or to a higher position than something else 在或向…上面;在或向…较高处 •There's a mirror above the washbasin.洗脸盆上方有面镜子。 •He waved the letter excitedly above his head.他兴奋地把信举过头顶挥舞着。 •She's rented a room above a shop.她在一家店铺的楼上租了个房间。 •Her name comes above mine on the list.名单上她的名字列在我的前面。 •The helicopter was hovering above the building.直升机在大楼上空盘旋。 •It's on the shelf just above your head.它就在你头顶上方的架子上。 •A crack had started to appear just above the light fitting.灯具配件上方已经出现了一道裂缝。 [ə'bʌv] adverb preposition MORE 更多  ESSENTIAL  ■more than an amount or level 多于;大于;高于;超过 •It says on the box it's for children aged three and above.包装盒上标明适合三岁或以上的儿童使用。 •Rates of pay are above average.工资高于平均水准。 •Temperatures rarely rise above zero in winter.冬季气温很少高于零度。 •She values her job above her family.她把工作看得比家庭重要。 •They value their freedom above (and beyond) all else.他们把自由看得比甚么都重要。 above all  ADVANCED  ■most importantly 最重要的是;尤其是;首先 •Above all, I'd like to thank my family.首先,我要感谢我的家人。 •Above all, I'd say I value kindness.我认为仁慈是最重要的(情操)。 [ə'bʌv] adverb preposition RANK 等级  ADVANCED  ■in a more important or advanced position than someone else 高于 •Sally's a grade above me.萨莉比我高一年级。 [ə'bʌv] adverb preposition TOO IMPORTANT 太重要的 ■too good or important for something (因太好或太重要而)超越,不受…影响,免于,不至于 •No one is above suspicion in this matter.这件事情上没有人可以避开嫌疑。 •He's not above lying (= he sometimes lies) to protect himself.为了保护自己,他还是不免要撒谎。 [ə'bʌv] adverb adjective ON PAGE 在书页上  IMPROVER  ■When used in a piece of writing, above means higher on the page, or on a previous page (同页中)上面提到的(地);上文(的),前文(的) •Please send the articles to the address given above.请把文章寄到上述位址。 •The letter was sent to the above address.信件已寄至上述位址。 the above  ADVANCED  ■all the people or things listed earlier 前面列出的所有人(或事物) •All of the above should be invited.上面列出的所有人都应该得到邀请。 •Once we've finished all of the above we can start on the next project.我们一完成上述所有事情,就可以立刻开始下一个专案计划。 over, on, above over: 在正上方 fly over the hill on: 在上面,接触, above: 在上面,不接触, prep. 超过;在……上面;在……之上  - beyond, without, than adv. 在上面;在上文  - hereinabove, thereinbefore
笔记:
英美音标:英 [ə'bʌv] 美 [ə'bʌv]
中文释义:prep.超过;在 ... 上面;高于adj.上面的;以上的adv.在上面;超过;更重要地;上文地n.上面的东西
英语例句:(1) The glider was soaring above the valley.(2) Applicants must be above the age of 18.(3) The temperature has been above the average recently.(4) The sun rose above the horizon.(5) The bird is flying low above the water.(6) A captain in the navy ranks above a captain in the army.(7) The above bedroom is mine.(8) We are fascinated by the stars twinkling above.(9) Seen from above, the fields looked like a geometrical pattern.(10) The temperature is six above.(11) He wrote a book with 200 pages and above.(12) She married above her.(13) Above all, it is the present that we should cherish.(14) All the details have been listed above.
中文例句:(1) 那架滑翔机在山谷上空滑翔。(2) 申请者的年龄必须超过18岁。(3) 近来的气温一直比平均温度高。(4) 太阳升到地平线上。(5) 那只鸟在水面上低飞。(6) 海军的上校军衔高于陆军的上尉军衔。(7) 上面的房间是我的。(8) 天空中闪烁的星星让我们陶醉着。(9) 从上面往下看,那些农田像是几何图案。(10) 温度在零上六度。(11) 他写了一本篇幅为200页以上的书。(12) 她嫁给了社会地位比她高的人。(13) 最重要的是,我们要珍惜现在。(14) 在上文中,所有的细节已经罗列出来了。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-eeac87af-9d2c76f4-0fb8a0e8-1febbdaa-a3864132.mp3]
英语单词:abroad
Front:abroad [əˈbrɔ:d] (中高托 3363/2243 -K3)
Back: adv. 到国外,在海外; 广为流传地 adj. 往国外的 n. 海外,异国 分布:到国外(42%),在国外(40%),广为流传(18%) →来自古英语on brede. broad, 宽,喻指出门,离家,后指出国。 ad.到国外,在国外;在传播,在流传The news about the broadened breadth is broadcast abroad.宽度加宽的消息被广播到国外. adverb [after verb] OTHER COUNTRY 外国   ESSENTIAL  ■in or to a foreign country or countries 在国外;到国外 •He's currently abroad on business.目前他在国外出差。 •We always go abroad in the summer.我们夏天总是到国外去。 [ə'brɔ:d] adverb [after verb] OUTSIDE 外面 [after verb] literary OR old use ■outside; not at home 在户外的;室外的 •Not a soul was abroad that morning.那天上午,户外空无一人。 [ə'brɔ:d] adverb [after verb] MANY PEOPLE 很多人 [after verb] formal ■describes ideas, feelings and opinions that are shared by many people 广为流传的 •There's a rumour abroad that she intends to leave the company.到处都在传言说她要离开公司。 aboard, broad, abroad, board aboard: 在船(或飞机,车)上。如:I never went aboard a ship. broad: 为形容词,宽广的。如:He has very broad shoulders. abroad: 副词,在国外或海外。如:He often goes abroad. board: 为动词,上(船,飞机,车)。如:The passengers are boarding the plane now. n. 海外;异国  - foreign country
笔记:
英美音标:英 [ə'brɔːd] 美 [ə'brɔːd]
中文释义:adv.到国外;广为流传adj.在国外;海外(一般作表语)
英语例句:(1) He is travelling abroad.(2) He lived abroad for many years.(3) The news spread abroad.(4) There's a rumour abroad that she intends to leave the company.(5) He's currently abroad on business.
中文例句:(1) 他要到国外旅行。(2) 他在国外居住了许多年。(3) 那消息四处传播。(4) 谣言盛传她打算离开公司。(5) 目前他正在国外做生意。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-d1847605-eef697c8-1a09039e-4447db17-6d16a739.mp3]
英语单词:absence
Front:absence [ˈæbsəns] (高研四六托 2524/1585 -K3)
Back: n. 缺席,缺勤; 缺乏,缺少,无; 心不在焉,不注意 分布:缺席(71%),缺乏(29%) →前缀ab-,离开。-sence为essence缩写,指存在,词根esse的名称形式, 词源同is ,am . n.缺乏,不存在;缺席,不在;缺席的时间He was always absence in his mind.他总是心不在焉. noun NOT PRESENT 不在场的  IMPROVER  countable or uncountable ■when someone is not where they are usually expected to be 缺席;缺勤;不在 •A new manager was appointed during/in her absence.她不在的时候任命了一位新经理。 •She has had repeated absences from work this year.今年她屡次旷工。 ['æb.sənts] noun NOT EXISTING 不存在  ADVANCED  uncountable ■when something does not exist 不存在;缺乏 •He drew attention to the absence of concrete evidence against the defendant.他使大家注意到,并不存在可以证明被告有罪的确凿证据。 •In the absence of (= because there were not) more suitable candidates, we decided to offer the job to Mr Conway.由于没有更为合适的人选,我们决定把这个工作机会给康韦先生。 ['æb.sənts] noun Absence makes the heart grow fonder. saying ■This means that when people we love are not with us, we love them even more. 人远心更近。/不相见,倍思念。 shortage, absence, scarcity, lack, want 这组词都有“缺乏,不足”的意思,其区别是: shortage: 指不足,但侧重达不到规定的,需要的或已知应有的数量。 absence: 指某物根本不存在或完全短缺,或某人虽存在,但未到现场。 scarcity: 指产量不足或缺乏某物难以应付或满足需要。 lack: 普通用词,指部分或完全的不足。 want: 指完全或短缺某物,侧重缺少之物是必需的东西。使用范围比lack窄些。 n. 没有;缺乏; [法] 缺席;不注意  - shortage, deficiency, need, short of, drought
笔记:
英美音标:英 ['æbsəns] 美 ['æbsəns]
中文释义:n.缺席;缺乏
英语例句:(1) His long absence raised fears about his safety.(2) What was the real reason for your absence?(3) We are in the absence of experience.(4) The absence of color in that drawing make it dull.
中文例句:(1) 他长期不在引起了大家对他的安全的担心。(2) 你缺席的真正原因是什么?(3) 我们缺乏经验。(4) 那幅画因没有着色而显得晦暗。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-03fca29f-73b050a7-3b705b9d-690722d1-3a3bbf4d.mp3]
英语单词:absent
Front:absent [ˈæbsənt] (中高研四六托 5516/4300 -K2)
Back: adj. 缺席的,不在场的; 缺少的,缺乏的; 不在意的,茫然的 时态:absented, absenting, absents 分布:缺席的(51%),缺乏的(21%),使缺席(15%),不在的(13%) →来自拉丁语absentem,缺席的,现在分词格于abesse,缺席,离开,来自ab-,离开,esse,在, 存在,词源同is,essence,present. 缺席的(ab+sent出现→没有出现→缺席的)[ab-,abs-加在词根前,表示"相反,变坏,离去"等] a.缺席的;缺乏的,不存在的;心不在焉的The absent-minded student consents to the sentence in the presence of me.心不在焉的学生在我面前同意这份判决. adjective]ˈæb.sənt/NOT PRESENT 不存在的;缺乏的  IMPROVER  ■not in the place where you are expected to be, especially at school or work (尤指上课或工作)缺勤的,缺席的,不在场的 •John has been absent from school/work for three days now.约翰到现在已经旷课/旷工三天了。 •We drank a toast to absent friends.我们为不能来的朋友干杯祝福。 adjective]ˈæb.sənt/NOT EXISTING 不存在 ■not existing 不存在的;缺乏的 •Any sign of remorse was completely absent from her face.她脸上没有一丝自责的神情。 adjective]ˈæb.sənt/NOT PAYING ATTENTION 不留心 ■describes a person or the expression on their face when they are not paying attention to what is happening near them, and are thinking about other things 心不在焉的;出神的 preposition]ˈæb.sənt/ US without 缺乏;没有 •Absent a detailed plan, the project was doomed from the start.由于缺乏周详的规划,这项工程从一开始就注定要失败。 verb[æbˈsent/absent yourself formal ■to not go to a place where you are expected to be, especially a school or place of work (尤指上课或工作时)缺席,缺勤,不在 •You cannot choose to absent yourself (from work/school) on a whim.你不能随意旷工 / 旷课。 adj. 缺席的;缺少的;心不在焉的;茫然的  - missing, vacant
笔记:
英美音标:英 ['æbsənt] 美 ['æbsənt]
中文释义:adj.缺席的;不在的;缺乏的vt.使缺席
英语例句:(1) Professor Li is absent, I will take the lesson in the place of him.(2) Many students were absent, notably the monitor.(3) You should not be absent from class.(4) Before such experiments, humans thought language skills were absent from the animal kingdom.(5) Why did you absent yourself from school yesterday?
中文例句:(1) 李教授不在,我替他上课。(2) 许多学生缺席,特别是连班长也没来。(3) 你不应当旷课。(4) 在做这些实验前,人们认为动物王国缺乏语言技能。(5) 昨天你为何不到校?
英语发音: [sound:youdao-268968dc-c9a5cb00-f3f05359-1856a85b-0ffbc328.mp3]
英语单词:absolute
Front:absolute [ˈæbsəlu:t] (高研四六托宝 3165/2420 -K3)
Back: adj. 绝对的,完全的; 不受任何限制[约束]的; 无条件的; 有无上权力或权威的 n. 绝对; 绝对事物 分布:绝对的(57%),完全的(15%),独立的(11%),专制的(10%),无限制的(3%),确实的(3%),绝对的事物(1%) →absolve的过去分词形式。词义发生了微妙的变化。 绝对的;无限制的(ab不+solute→决不松开→绝对的)[Solv,solu,solut=loosen,表示"松开"] a.绝对的,完全的;确实的,肯定的The contribution distributor thinks the microcomputer pollution is absolutely beyond dispute.捐款分配者认为微机污染是绝对不容置疑的. 【反】qualified(adj 受限制的) adjective VERY GREAT 极不寻常的  ADVANCED  ■very great or to the largest degree possible 完全的;全部的;绝对的;毋庸置疑的 •a man of absolute integrity/discretion正直不阿/极度审慎的人 •I have absolute faith in her judgment.我完全相信她的判断。 •There was no absolute proof of fraud.没有确凿的证据能证明是诈骗行为。  ADVANCED  [before noun] ■used when expressing a strong opinion (用于强调看法)道地的,十足的 •He's an absolute idiot!他是个十足的白痴! •That's absolute rubbish!那完全是一派胡言! ['æb.sə.lu:t] [--'-] adjective NOT CHANGING 不变的 [before noun] ■not depending on anything else; true, right, or the same in all situations 绝对的;不会更改的;独立的;不受制于外部条件的 •an absolute law/principle/doctrine放之四海而皆准的法则/原则/学说 •Do you think there's such a thing as absolute truth/beauty?你认为绝对真理/的美存在吗? •Her contribution was better than most, but in absolute terms (= without comparing it with anything else) it was still rather poor.她的稿件比大部分人的都好,但就它本身而言还很差。 ['æb.sə.lu:t] [--'-] adjective POWERFUL 权力大的 ■describes a ruler who has unlimited power 不受任何限制(或约束)的;专制独裁的 •an absolute monarch专制君主 adj. [数] 绝对的;完全的;专制的  - strict, complete, full, positive, total
笔记:
英美音标:英 ['æbsəluːt] 美 ['æbsəluːt]
中文释义:adj.绝对的;确实的;专制的;完全的;独立的;无限制的n.绝对的事物
英语例句:(1) There is no absolute standard for beauty.(2) Motion is absolute, while stillness is relative.(3) There is no absolute freedom in the world.(4) The police have absolute proof of his guilt.(5) We don't like the absolute ruler who does just as he please.(6) We have an absolute mandate for these proposals.(7) This reply is equeal to an absolute denial.(8) Independent thinking is an absolute necessity.(9) I disagree that the property right is absolute.
中文例句:(1) 美是没有绝对的标准的。(2) 运动是绝对的,而静止是相对的。(3) 世上没有绝对的自由。(4) 警方有他犯罪的确凿证据。(5) 我们不喜欢为所欲为的专制统治者。(6) 我们完全有权提出这些建议。(7) 这个答复就相当于完全否定。(8) 独立思考是绝对必要的。(9) 我不同意财产权是无限制的。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-1eb820ed-1292ef23-ac9be97c-15e6af5a-71a5cf60.mp3]
英语单词:absolutely
Front:absolutely [ˈæbsəlu:tli] (四托 1149/1619 -K4)
Back: adv. 绝对地; 完全地; 毫无疑问地; [语]独立地,分离地 分布:完全地(62%),绝对地(38%) adverb  ESSENTIAL  ■completely 完全地;绝对地 •I believed/trusted him absolutely.我绝对相信/信任他。 •You must be absolutely silent or the birds won't appear.你必须绝对安静,不然鸟儿就不会飞出来。 •We've achieved absolutely nothing today.我们今天真是一事无成。  ESSENTIAL  ■used for adding force to a strong adjective which is not usually used with 'very', or to a verb expressing strong emotion (用在通常不和 very 连用的形容词前或表示强烈感情的动词前,以加强语气)确实地,绝对地,极其 •It's absolutely impossible to work with all this noise.噪音这么大,根本没法工作。 •The food was absolutely disgusting/delicious.这食物实在是难以下咽/美味无比。 •I absolutely loathe/adore jazz.我对爵士乐讨厌得要死/喜欢得要命。  ADVANCED  ■used as a strong way of saying 'yes' (表示强烈赞同) 一点不错,完全对 •"It was an excellent film, though." "Absolutely!"“不过这部电影棒极了。”“完全同意!” absolutely not ■used as a strong way of saying 'no' (表示强烈反对)当然不,绝对不行 •"Are you too tired to continue?" "Absolutely not!"“你是不是太累了,无法继续下去了?”“当然不是!” [ˌæb.sə'lu:t.li] ['--ˌ--] adverb   Common Learner Errors   absolutelyWarning: Common word-building error!If an adjective ends with 'te', just add 'ly' to make an adverb.Don't write 'absolutly' or 'absolutelly', write absolutely. adv. 绝对地;完全地  - totally, entirely, completely, thoroughly, strictly, fully
笔记:
英美音标:英 ['æbsəluːtli] 美 ['æbsəluːtli]
中文释义:adv.完全地;绝对地;[语]独立地int.(表示赞同)完全正确,一点没错
英语例句:(1) I trust his discretion absolutely.(2) It is difficult to cross the desert by car, but not absolutely impossible.(3) I consider it absolutely necessary.(4) average passenger
中文例句:(1) 我完全相信他的判断。(2) 开车穿越沙漠很难,但并非完全不可能。(3) 我认为那绝对必要。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-ced8a536-5e61764d-119a1e17-659bd14f-f46d92b9.mp3]
英语单词:absorb
Front:absorb [əbˈsɔ:b] (高研四六托雅宝 3120/2879 -K2)
Back: vt. 吸收(液体、气体等); 吸引(注意); 吞并,合并; 忍受,承担(费用) 时态:absorbed, absorbing, absorbs 分布:吸收(94%),承受(4%),吞并(1%),吸引 ... 的注意(1%) →前缀ab-,此处用于强调义。词根sorb,吸收,吮吸,拟声词。 吸收(ab+sorb吸收→吸收掉)[ab-,abs-加在词根前,表示"相反,变坏,离去"等] vt.吸收(水,光,蒸汽等);使全神贯注The distracted reader can't be absorbed in the abstract extract.心神纷乱的读者无法专心于抽象的节录. 【参】absorbed(adj 精神集中的);absorbent(adj 能吸收的;n 吸收剂)【反】emit(v 发射,喷出);radiate(v 发射,辐射);reflect(v 反射);exude(v 渗出) US [-'zɔ:rb] verb transitive TAKE IN 吸收  ADVANCED  ■to take something in, especially gradually (尤指逐渐)吸收 •Plants absorb carbon dioxide.植物吸收二氧化碳。 •In cold climates, houses need to have walls that will absorb heat.在气候寒冷的地方,房屋的墙壁必须能吸收热量。 •Towels absorb moisture.毛巾吸收水汽。 •The drug is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream.药物迅速被血液吸收流遍全身。 •Our countryside is increasingly being absorbed by/into the large cities.我们越来越多的农村地区正被大城市蚕食掉。 ■to reduce the effect of a physical force, shock or change 消减;缓解 •The barrier absorbed the main impact of the crash.碰撞产生的大部分冲击力被防撞墙吸收了。 UK [əb'zɔ:b] US [-'zɔ:rb] verb transitive UNDERSTAND 明白 ■to understand facts or ideas completely and remember them 理解;掌握 •It's hard to absorb so much information.掌握如此大量资讯非常困难。 UK [əb'zɔ:b] US [-'zɔ:rb] verb transitive INTEREST VERY MUCH 很有兴趣 ■If someone's work, or a book, film, etc. absorbs them, or they are absorbed in it, their attention is given completely to it (使)完全吸引住;(使)全神贯注于… •Simon was so absorbed in his book, he didn't even notice me come in.西蒙读书太入神了,我进来他都没有注意到。 ⇒ See also self-absorbed incorporate, absorb, suck, digest 这组词都有“吸收”的意思,其区别是: incorporate: 指一物或多物与它物相融合,形成一整体。 absorb: 普通用词,词义广泛,既可指吸收光、热、液体等具体东西,又可指吸收知识等抽象概念的东西。 suck: 作“吸收”解时,可与absorb换用,但还可有“吮吸”之意。 digest: 侧重在消化道内改变食物的化学结构后被人体吸收。 vt. 吸收;吸引;承受;理解;使…全神贯注  - attract, engage, see, read, seize
笔记:
英美音标:英 [əb'sɔːb] 美 [əb'sɔːrb]
中文释义:vt.吸收;吸引 ... 的注意;吞并;承受
英语例句:(1) Dry sand absorbs water.(2) Did you absorb everything the professor said?(3) His business absorbs him.(4) Large nations shouldn't absorb smaller ones.(5) She won't be able to absorb another heavy blow.
中文例句:(1) 干沙吸收水份。(2) 教授说的你全部理解了吗?(3) 他的业务使他全神贯注。(4) 大国不应当吞并小国。(5) 她无力承受再一次沉重的打击。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-a3a0267c-35ff3402-5ef5bbe5-b89338ac-1fda43a2.mp3]
英语单词:abstract
Front:abstract [ˈæbstrækt] (高研四六托雅宝 4007/3729 -2)
Back: adj. 抽象的,理论上的; 难解的; 抽象派的; 茫然的 n. 抽象概念; 抽象派艺术作品; 摘要; [化]萃取物 vt. 提取,分离; 转移(注意等); 概括,摘录; <婉辞>剽窃 时态:abstracted, abstracting, abstracts →前缀abs-为ab-变体,离开。词根tract,拉,见attract,吸引。 抽象的;心不在焉的(abs+tract拉→被拉开→心不在焉)[ab-,abs-加在词根前,表示"相反,变坏,离去"等] 抽出a.抽象的(abs离开+tract→拉出,抽出)[tract=draw,表示"拉,拖"] a.抽象的n.摘要,梗概vt.提取;摘录要点The distracted reader can't be absorbed in the abstract extract.心神纷乱的读者无法专心于抽象的节录. 【参】intractable(adj 倔强的);contract(n 合同,v 收缩)【反】elaborate(adj 详细阐述的) adjective GENERAL 笼统的  ADVANCED  ■existing as an idea, feeling or quality, not as a material object 抽象的;纯理论的,纯概念的 •Truth and beauty are abstract concepts.真和美都是抽象的概念。  ADVANCED  ■describes an argument or discussion that is general and not based on particular examples (辩论或讨论)抽象的,空泛的,空洞的 •This debate is becoming too abstract - let's have some hard facts!这场辩论变得太空洞了——拿出一些具体的事实根据来吧! the abstract  ADVANCED  ■general ideas 抽象概念;理论 •I have difficulty dealing with the abstract - let's discuss particular cases.我难以理解抽象概念,我们讨论一些具体的事例吧。 •So far we've only discussed the question in the abstract (= without referring to any real examples).目前我们只是笼统地讨论过这个问题。 ['æb.strækt] adjective ART 艺术 ■describes a type of painting, drawing or sculpture which tries to represent the real or imagined qualities of objects or people by using shapes, lines and colour, and does not try to show their outer appearance as it would be seen in a photograph 抽象(派)的 •abstract art抽象艺术 •an abstract painter抽象派画家 ['æb.strækt] noun countable SHORT DOCUMENT 简短文献 ■a shortened form of a speech, article, book, etc., giving only the most important facts or ideas 摘要;梗概;概要 •There is a section at the end of the magazine which includes abstracts of recent articles/books.杂志的最后一部分收录了近期发表的文章/出版的书籍的摘要。 ['æb.strækt] noun countable ART 艺术 ■a painting which represents the qualities of something, not its outer appearance 抽象画;抽象派艺术作品 abstract, summary, resume, digest, outline 这组词都有“摘要、概要、概括”的意思,其区别是: abstract: 指论文、书籍等正文前的内容摘要,尤指学术论文或法律文件的研究提要。 summary: 普通用词,指将书籍或文章等的内容,用寥寥数语作简明扼要的说明。 resume: 源于洁语,与summary极相近,通常可互换使用。 digest: 侧重对原文融汇贯通,重新谋篇布局,以简明扼要的语言,简短篇幅成文,展现原作精华。 outline: 指配以释议文字的提纲。 abstract, subtract, contract, attract abstract: vt 抽取; subtract: vt 减去 contract: vt 使缩小(招致,染上(疾病等)); attract: vt 吸引; n. [图情] 摘要;抽象;抽象的概念  - brief, summary, resume adj. 抽象的;深奥的  - deep, nonobjective vt. [图情] 摘要;提取;使……抽象化  - extract, brief
笔记:
英美音标:英 ['æbstrækt] 美 ['æbstrækt]
中文释义:adj.抽象的;理论的;抽象派的n.摘要;抽象派艺术作品v.(/æbˈstrækt/)把…抽象出;提取;抽取;转移(注意力等);做…的摘要;<婉>偷
英语例句:(1) We may talk of beautiful things, but beauty itself is abstract.(2) He has some abstract notion of wanting to change the world.(3) Abstract paintings did not appeal to him.(4) The whole text of the abstract shall contain not more than 300 Chinese characters.(5) They are trying to abstract iron from ore.(6) There is a plan to abstract 8 million gallons of water from the river.(7) She tried to abstract my attention from my work.
中文例句:(1) 我们尽可谈论美的事物,然而美本身却是抽象的。(2) 他有一种要改造世界的空想。(3) 抽象派绘画引不起他的兴趣。(4) 摘要文字部分不得超过300个字。(5) 他们正试图从矿石中提取铁。(6) 有一个从这条河中抽取800万加仑水的计划。(7) 她企图转移我对工作的注意力。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-dd6a41be-1d3815d2-136559c8-59a81c0d-a9aac0b4.mp3]
英语单词:abundant
Front:abundant [əˈbʌndənt] (高研四托宝 6223/7823 -1)
Back: adj. 大量的,充足的; 丰富的,富有的; 丰足; 阜 分布:丰富的(91%),充裕的(9%) →abound 形容词形式。 丰富的(ab加强+und+ant→[多得]象波浪一样→丰富的)[und=wave,表示"波动"] a.大量(充足)的;(in)丰富(富裕)的The fundamental fund functions punctually in conjunction with abundant capital.这笔重要基金与充裕的资本一起准时发挥作用. [ə'bʌn.dənt] formal adjective ■more than enough 大量的;充足的;丰富的 •an abundant supply of food充足的食物储备 •There is abundant evidence that cars have a harmful effect on the environment.有充分证据显示,汽车对环境有害。 •Cheap consumer goods are abundant (= exist in large amounts) in this part of the world.在这个地区,大量的低廉消费品充斥其间。 abundant, ample, plentiful 这组词都有“充分的、丰富的”的意思,其区别是: abundant: 着重某物极为丰富有或大量的供应。 ample: 指某物不仅满足了需要而且有余。 plentiful: 普通用词,指某物的数量多得称心如意,不过剩,但较少用于描写抽象之物。 adj. 丰富的;充裕的;盛产  - full, ample, plentiful, luxurious
笔记:
英美音标:英 [ə'bʌndənt] 美 [ə'bʌndənt]
中文释义:adj.丰富的;充裕的
英语例句:(1) Indonesia is abundant in petroleum deposits.(2) The agricultural commodities are abundant this year.(3) Birds concentrate in places where food is abundant.(4) There is abundant firewood in the forest.(5) We have abundant oil seeds to sell.
中文例句:(1) 印尼的石油蕴藏量丰富。(2) 今年的农产品很丰富。(3) 鸟聚集在食物丰盛的地方。(4) 森林里有充裕的薪柴可用。(5) 我们有充裕的油籽出售。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-b3061dad-ecb50ede-5c52fd67-b351ccf6-d819f864.mp3]
英语单词:abuse
Front:abuse [əˈbju:s] (高研四六托雅宝 1540/2352 -K4)
Back: n. 滥用; 恶习; 侮辱; 恶言 vt. 滥用; 虐待; 辱骂 时态:abused, abusing, abuses 分布:滥用(51%),虐待(33%),辱骂(13%),恶习(3%) →前缀ab-, 非,不好。use,使用。 滥用(ab+use用→用坏→滥用)[ab-,abs-加在词根前,表示"相反,变坏,离去"等] 滥用,谩骂(ab坏+use→不好用→滥用)[us,ut=use,表示"用"] vt.滥用;辱骂;诋毁n.滥用;虐待I used to abuse the unusual usage, but now I'm not used to doing so.我过去常滥用这个不寻常的用法,但我现在不习惯这样做. 【记】ab离开,use用-用不好,不好用-滥用,辱骂【参】disabuse(打消……错误念头);abusive(adj 辱骂的) verb transitive /əˈbjuːz/BEHAVE BADLY 坏表现  ADVANCED  ■to use or treat someone or something wrongly or badly, especially in a way that is to your own advantage (尤指为个人私利而)虐待,伤害,滥用,妄用 •She is continually abusing her position/authority by getting other people to do things for her.她不断滥用职权/权力让别人替她做事。 •I never expected that he would abuse the trust I placed in him.我从未料到他会利用我对他的信任。 •Several of the children had been sexually/physically/emotionally abused.几个儿童受到了性虐待/肉体折磨/精神上的伤害。 verb transitive /əˈbjuːz/SPEAK RUDELY 辱骂 ■to speak to someone rudely or cruelly 辱骂,谩骂 •The crowd started abusing him after he failed to save a goal.他没有守住球门,丢了一分,观众开始对他破口大骂。 noun]əˈbjuːs/BAD BEHAVIOUR 坏行为  ADVANCED  countable or uncountable ■when someone uses or treats someone or something wrongly or badly, especially in a way that is to their own advantage (尤指出于个人私利的)虐待,伤害,滥用,妄用 •an abuse (= wrong use) of privilege/power/someone's kindness滥用特权/滥用权力/利用某人的善心 •sexual/physical/mental abuse (= bad treatment)性虐待/肉体折磨/精神上的伤害 •She claimed to have been a victim of child abuse (= the treatment of children in a bad, esp. sexual, way).她声称自己曾是虐待儿童罪行的受害者。 •Drug and alcohol abuse (= Using these substances in a bad way) contributed to his early death.嗜毒和酗酒导致了他的早逝。 noun]əˈbjuːs/RUDE SPEECH 辱骂 uncountable ■rude and offensive words said to another person 辱骂,谩骂 •He had apparently experienced a lot of verbal abuse from his co-workers.显然他经常遭到同事的辱骂。 •He hurled (a stream/torrent of) abuse at her (= He said a lot of rude and offensive things to her).他对她(劈头盖脸)破口大骂。 •'Idiot!' is a term of abuse (= an insulting expression).Idiot! 是一句稍带有侮辱性的话。 n. 滥用;虐待;辱骂;弊端;恶习,陋习  - punishment, vice vt. 滥用;虐待;辱骂  - strain, maltreat
笔记:
英美音标:英 [ə'bjuːs] 美 [ə'bjuːs]
中文释义:n.滥用;恶习vt.滥用;辱骂;虐待
英语例句:(1) The government has set up a working party to look into the problem of drug abuse.(2) His political reputation was tainted by his abuse of the power.(3) He greeted me with a stream of abuse.(4) It's easy to abuse one's power.(5) I don't consider it good for a person to be afraid of being abused.
中文例句:(1) 政府已成立工作组调查滥用毒品问题。(2) 他因滥用职权而破坏了政治声誉。(3) 他见到我就连声辱骂。(4) 人容易滥用权力。(5) 一个人怕挨骂,我看不好。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-16225cff-4d49d343-a9b37b93-7b132a14-7c47394c.mp3]
英语单词:academic
Front:academic [ˌækəˈdemɪk] (高研四六托雅宝 1465/1941 -K3)
Back: adj. 学院的,大学的,学会的,(学术,文艺)协会的; 学究的,学理上的,空谈的,非实用的; 〈美〉文科的,文学的; 柏拉图学派的 n. 学者; 大学教师,大学生,学会会员; 纸上空论,空论; [A-]柏拉图哲学信奉者 分布:学术的(50%),学院的(34%),理论的(16%) a.学院的,大学的;学术性的;理论的The academic topic is why the blade of the spade is still sharp after decades' decay.学术话题是为什么铁锨刃口经过几十年的腐烂之后仍然锋利. adjective STUDYING 学习的  IMPROVER  ■relating to schools, colleges and universities, or connected with studying and thinking, not with practical skills 学校的,学院的;学术的 •academic subjects/qualifications/books学科/学历/学术书籍 •an academic institution学术机构 •the academic year (= the time, usually from September to June, during which students go to school or college)学年 •academic standards学术水准  IMPROVER  ■describes someone who is clever and enjoys studying 聪明好学的;学习好的 •I was never a particularly academic child.我从来就不是个特别好学的孩子。 [ˌæk.ə'dem.ɪk] adjective THEORY 理论的 ■theoretical and not related to practical effects in real life 纯理论的;和实际无关的 •a purely academic argument/question迂阔的争论/不切实际的问题 [ˌæk.ə'dem.ɪk] noun countable (US also academician) ■someone who teaches at a college, or who studies as part of their job 大学教师;学者 adj. 学术的;理论的;学院的  - theoretical, collegial n. 大学生,大学教师;学者  - undergraduate, don, scholar, college student, university student
笔记:
英美音标:英 [ˌækə'demɪk] 美 [ˌækə'demɪk]
中文释义:adj.学院的;学术的;理论的n.大学教师,大学生;学者,学究
英语例句:(1) Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema was an English painter in the academic tradition.(2) With my strong academic background, I am competent.(3) Applicant must possess good conduct and obtain satisfactory academic results.
中文例句:(1) 阿尔玛·台德玛是学院派的英国画家。(2) 依我良好的学术背景,我能胜任。(3) 申请者必须拥有良好品性,并考获令人满意的成绩;
英语发音: [sound:youdao-7d48acc5-ed14461f-1a85db20-c6d3d5b3-0f24d69c.mp3]
英语单词:academy
Front:academy [əˈkædəmi] (高研四六托 4895/4366 -2)
Back: n. 专科学校; 学会,学院; 一般的高等教育; 私立学校,学术团体 分布:学院(84%),学会(13%),专科学校(3%) →来自雅典城外一树林地名,哲学家柏拉图讲学之所,后代指学术。地名来自雅典英雄Akademos的名字,传说中他帮助海伦兄长解救了古希腊第一美女海伦而获赠此地。 n.(高等)专科院校;学术社团,协会,研究院Our professor is an academician of the Science Academy.我们的教授是科学院的院士. noun countable ■an organization intended to protect and develop an art, science, language, etc., or a school which teaches a particular subject or trains people for a particular job 研究院;学会;专科学院 •a military/police academy军事/员警学院 •the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art皇家戏剧艺术学院 institute, university, school, college, academy 这组词都有“学院,大学”的意思,其区别是: institute: 指设立有专门学科的学院,如外语学院、地质学院、建筑学院等。 university: 主要指综合大学,一般由多个学院组成。当泛指大学时通常用college表示。 school: 指大学所属的学院或系。 college: 多指大学内的学院,分科学院或科目较少的高等学校。 academy: 指(高等)专科院校或研究专门学术的学校。 n. 学院;研究院;学会;专科院校  - college, school
笔记:
英美音标:英 [ə'kædəmi] 美 [ə'kædəmi]
中文释义:n.学院;学会;专科学校
英语例句:(1) He is a student in an academy of music.(2) He was expelled from the Academy of Sciences.(3) The Royal Academy is regarded as the sanctuary by artists.(4) After graduating from Whittier Academy, my mother went on to Whittier College.(5) Sichuan Art Junior College is the precursor of Sichuan Fine Arts College and Sichuan Academy of Music.
中文例句:(1) 他是一所音乐学院的学生。(2) 他被科学院开除了。(3) 英国皇家艺术学会被艺术家视为圣殿。(4) 我母亲从惠蒂尔专科学校毕业后,进了惠蒂尔学院。(5) 四川省艺术专科学校是四川美术学院和四川音乐学院的前身。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-ea117b3d-fb2d35c2-5b8fe998-97b4b696-fd987ce2.mp3]
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