优质 【最强记忆】红宝书2023版考研词汇全套 英音版 图像+原声+多重助记
红宝书 考研单词 考研红宝书
考研 / 英语
2023版红宝词汇6549-英音版.apkg
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anki单词 发布时间:2021-12-30 16:37:02

2022.05.16更新:模板和界面进一步优化。

2022.02.26更新:模板和界面优化。

2022.01依据最新出版的红宝书制作。


这是英音版,校园里最常用。同时提供其他版本选择: 美音版 美音豪华版 英音豪华版


根据原书一点一点的手工辛苦制作,与原书词汇数量一致,6549个单词。


1. 关于选择美音还是英音:

校园里多是以英音为底,又掺杂了很多“儿化”美音(自己尝试念一下“girl”看看)。没有倾向或不想纠结的话,英音即可。但实际上美音在国际上更主流一些,更为推荐!

2. 关于选择标准版还是豪华版(二者区别参见豪华版介绍)

1). 单纯考研目的,对英语兴趣不高,标准版完全可以符合要求;
2). 想借助考研契机将英语真正学好,则更推荐豪华版。豪华版内容更丰富,功能更强大,相对价格也高一些。

本牌组当前特惠价格按24.9元,随时恢复原价39元。


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卡牌预览
共 13098 张卡牌
以下是不经过排版的卡牌内容,非实际展示效果,仅用于了解记忆库中的内容
个人笔记:
catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:perform
Word:perform
Symbol:UK [pəˈfɔːm] US [pərˈfɔːrm]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:The singer has to perform every night. 歌手不得不每晚演出。
ssound:
Chn:vt.执行;完成;演奏vi.执行,机器运转;表演时态:performed, performing, performs执行 69%,表演 18%,履行 11%,运转 1%,举行 1%
origin:来自盎格鲁法语 performer, 履行, 行使职责, 来自古法语 parfornir, 执行, 履行, 来自 par-, 完全的, 整个的, 词源同 per-, fornir, 提供, 形成, 词源同 frame, furnish. 拼写受 form 影响俗化.执行(任务);表演(per完全,彻底+form形状→从头到尾做出形状→表演[form=shape,表示"形状"]v.履行,执行;表演,演出;完成(事业)The performer reformed the performance of the transferred transformer.表演者改良了转让的变压器的性能.
dictionary:verbuk/pəˈfɔːm/ us/pɚˈfɔːrm/ perform verb DO B2 [ T ] to do an action or piece of work做,进行;施行 Computers can perform a variety of tasks.计算机能执行多项任务。 The operation will be performed next week.手术将于下周进行。 Most of the students performed well in the exam.大多数学生都考得很好。perform well/badly to operate/not operate in a satisfactory way表现得好/差 The equipment performed well during the tests.在检测中设备运行良好。 These tyres perform badly/poorly in hot weather.这些轮胎在天气炎热时性能很差/不好。More examplesWe usually ask interviewees to perform a few simple tasks on the computer just to test their aptitude.Reversing round a corner is one of the manoeuvres you are required to perform in a driving test.In Britain, AIDS tests are now performed on all people who offer to become blood donors.The operation is performed under anaesthetic.He performs his duties very ably. perform verb ENTERTAIN B1 [ I or T ] to entertain people by dancing, singing, acting, or playing music演出,表演 Thomas and Elisa performed a rousing duet for violin and piano.托马斯和伊丽莎共同表演了一曲激动人心的小提琴钢琴二重奏。 She composes and performs her own music.她自己创作音乐自己演奏。 A major Hollywood star will be performing on stage tonight.今晚一位好莱坞大牌明星要登台表演。 There are plans to ban circuses with performing animals.有计划禁止马戏团使用动物进行表演。More examplesI've seen her perform on television, but never in the flesh.The orchestra is to perform its last ever concert tomorrow night at the Albert Hall.The choir will be performing the Hallelujah Chorus at the concert.She is performing in Birmingham tonight, on the third leg of her nationwide tour.They're performing twice nightly at the Playhouse Theatre.
Photo2:
compare: execute, conduct, do, perform, fulfil 这组词都有“做,执行,实施,完成”的意思,其区别是: execute: 指需专门技术熟练技巧去完成某种复杂的任务或表演等,也指用行动把计划或打算付诸实施或执行某项命令。 conduct: 和perform一样比较正式,二者意义相近,但conduct含指导、领导或监督等意味。 do: 最普通常用词,指完成某项具体工作、任务,也指完成某种行为或动作。 perform: 指完成困难较大、较复杂的任务。较正式用词。 fulfil: 指履行和实现所许诺的、所期望或要求的事情,含最终完成的意味。
Vocabulary:
Audio:[音频]
Audio2:
个人笔记:
catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:performance
Word:performance
Symbol:UK [pəˈfɔːməns] US [pərˈfɔːrməns]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:I loved the performance--my favorite part was their costumes.我喜欢这场表演,我最爱的部分是他们的戏服。
ssound:
Chn:n.性能;绩效;表演;执行;表现性能 47%,表演 20%,表现 19%,业绩 6%,履行 4%,实行 2%,本事 2%
origin:来自 perform, 履行, 表现. 引申词义性能等.表现;表演(perform+ance)[form=shape,表示"形状"]n.履行,执行;表演,演出;性能,特性;成绩The performer reformed the performance of the transferred transformer.表演者改良了转让的变压器的性能.【记】perform(v.履行;表演)【类】theater:performance=market:commerce剧院用来演出=市场用来经营bravura:performance=resplendent:appearance华美的演奏=灿烂的外表【反】debut(v./n.初次登台)
dictionary:nounuk/pəˈfɔː.məns/ us/pɚˈfɔːr.məns/ performance noun ACTIVITY B2 [ C or U ] how well a person, machine, etc. does a piece of work or an activity工作情况;业绩;表现;工作性能 He was an experienced player who was always seeking to improve his performance.他是一名有经验的选手,不断寻求提高自己的技能。 High-performance cars (= those that are fast, powerful, and easy to control) are the most expensive.性能卓越的车价格最高。 This was a very impressive performance by the young player, who scored 14 points within the first ten minutes.那位年轻球员的表现十分出色,在开场10分钟内就得了14分。More examplesThe financial performance of the business is fully expected to improve.He was fired from his $165,000 job for poor performance.At the end of each teaching practice, trainee teachers are asked to appraise their own performance.That was an impressive performance from such a young tennis player.When criticisms were made of the school's performance, the parents' group countered with details of its exam results. performance noun ENTERTAINMENT B1 [ C ] the action of entertaining other people by dancing, singing, acting, or playing music表演,演出 a performance of Arthur Miller's play "The Crucible"上演的阿瑟•米勒的戏剧《炼狱》 She gave a superb performance as Lady Macbeth.她出色地扮演了麦克白夫人。a performance mainly UK informal an action or type of behaviour that involves a lot of attention to detail or to small matters that are not important麻烦,苦差 Cleaning the oven is such a performance.清理烤箱真是一件苦差。 What a performance! Please stop shouting!像什么样子!请别再大喊大叫了!a repeat performance an occasion when an event or a situation happens again再次发生;重演 The police hope to avoid a repeat performance of last year, when the festivities turned into rioting.警察希望避免去年庆典变成暴乱的事件再次发生。More examplesWe all clapped his performance enthusiastically.an electrifying performanceThe audience was enraptured by the young soloist's performance.There was an explosion of applause from the audience at the end of the performance.She gave a masterly performance as Kate in 'The Taming of the Shrew'.
Photo2:
compare: operation, deed, performance, action, act 这组词都有“行为、行动”的意思,其区别是: operation: 多指一连串行动或行为的完成方式。 deed: 较庄重用词,除泛指各种行为外,还可用于指某种高尚或伟大的行为,故常译作“功绩,业绩”。 performance: 主要指行动的方式方法。 action: 普通用词,着重行动的过程。 act: 一般指具体的、短暂的或个别的行为,强调行为的完成及其效果。
Vocabulary:
Audio:[音频]
Audio2:
个人笔记:
catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:period
Word:period
Symbol:UK [ˈpɪəriəd] US [ˈpɪriəd]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:Each class period was one hour.每节课的时间是一小时。
ssound:
Chn:n.周期,期间;时期;月经;课时;(语法学)句点,句号adj.某一时代的时期 55%,一段时间 16%,周期 11%,句号 8%,学时 4%,月经 4%,课时 2%
origin:来自希腊语 periodos, 圈, 循环, 来自 peri-, 在周围, hodos, 上路, 旅程, 离开, 词源同 anode, method. 引申词义时期, 阶段, 句号等.n.时期,时代;学时;周期,一段时间;句点During this serious period, the superior asked the inferior a series of questions about the supermarket.在这段严肃时间内,上级问了下级一连串有关超级市场的问题.
dictionary:noun [ C ]uk/ˈpɪə.ri.əd/ us/ˈpɪr.i.əd/ period noun [ C ] TIME B1 a length of time一段时间,时期 Her work means that she spends long periods away from home.她的工作意味着她得长时间离家在外。 Unemployment in the first half of the year was 2.5 percent lower than in the same period the year before.上半年的失业率比上年同期低2.5%。 15 people were killed in/over a period of four days.在4天时间内有15人被杀。 The study will be carried out over a six-month period.调查将持续6个月时间。B1 in school, a division of time in the day when a subject is taught课时,学时,一节(课) We have six periods of science a week.我们一周有6节自然科学课。 a fixed time during the life of a person or in history(人一生中或历史上的)时期;阶段 Most teenagers go through a rebellious period.大部分青少年都要经过一个叛逆期。 The house was built during the Elizabethan period.这座房子是在伊丽莎白时期建造的。More examplesHer time at university was the most eventful period of her life.He was one of the most important writers of that period.The war was followed by a long period of peace and prosperity.The 1990s were a period of rapid change.The police are carrying out spot checks on drivers over the Christmas period to test for alcohol levels. period noun [ C ] BLOOD the bleeding from a woman's womb that happens once a month when she is not pregnant(妇女的)月经,经期 period pains痛经 She'd missed a period and was worried.她的月经没按期来,让她很担心。 period noun [ C ] MARK mainly US UK usually full stop the symbol . used in writing at the end of a sentence or at the end of the short form of a word句号 mainly US said at the end of a statement to show that you believe you have said all there is to say on a subject and you are not going to discuss it any more(用于一句话的结尾,表示某一话题已讨论完毕,不愿再继续)到此为止,就这样 There will be no more shouting, period!别再喊叫了,到此为止! adjectiveuk/ˈpɪə.ri.əd/ us/ˈpɪr.i.əd/ period costume/dress/furniture the clothes or furniture of a particular time in history某个历史时期的服饰/服装/家具 They performed "Julius Caesar" in period dress.他们穿着古装演《凯撒大帝》这部戏。
Photo2:
compare: times, epoch, age, era, period 这组词都有“时期、时代”的意思,其区别是: times: 侧重某一特定时期。 epoch: 正式用词,侧重指以某重大事件或巨大变化为起点的新的历史时期。 age: 常指具有显著特征或以某杰出人物命名的历史时代或时期。 era: 书面语用词,指历史上的纪元、年代,可与epoch和age互换,侧重时期的延续性和整个历程。 period: 最普通用词,概念广泛,时间长短不限,既可指任何一个历史时期,又可指个人或自然界的一个发展阶段。
Vocabulary:
Audio:[音频]
Audio2:
个人笔记:
catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:periodical
Word:periodical
Symbol:UK [ˌpɪəriˈɒdɪk(ə)l] US [ˌpɪriˈɑːdɪkl]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:I like to read periodicals like newspapers and magazines.我喜欢读报纸或杂志这样的期刊。
ssound:
Chn:n.期刊;杂志adj.[数] 周期的;定期的期刊 92%,定期的 8%
origin:来自 periodic, 周期性的. 此处形容词作名词, 引申词义周刊.n.期刊,杂志a.周期的,定期的There are many periodicals in the library.图书馆里有许多期刊.【记】periodic(adj.周期循环往复的);period(n.时期;周期)【类】magazine:periodical=mystery:fiction杂志是一种期刊=神秘小说是一种小说
dictionary:noun [ C ]uk/ˌpɪə.riˈɒd.ɪ.kəl/ us/ˌpɪr.iˈɑː.dɪ.kəl/ a magazine or newspaper, especially on a serious subject, that is published regularly(尤指学术)期刊 She has written for several legal periodicals.她为几家法律期刊撰稿。
Photo2:
compare: journal, magazine, press, periodical, review, newspaper, publication 这组词都有“出版物或定期刊物”的意思,其区别是: journal: 本义为“日报”,现在可指定期发生的周刊、月刊、季刊等或指学术团体出版的刊物、杂志或学报。 magazine: 指刊登各种文章、小说、诗歌、评议的杂志。 press: 系报刊总称,也指报界或报业。 periodical: 通常指除日报以外的定期出版刊物。 review: 多指登载评论性文章或讨论重大事件的文章的刊物。 newspaper: 一般指每日出版的报纸。 publication: 指出版物,发行物。
Vocabulary:
Audio:[音频]
Audio2:
个人笔记:
catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:perish
Word:perish
Symbol:UK [ˈperɪʃ] US [ˈperɪʃ]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:The murderer ran away while the man perished.杀人犯在被害人死去的时候逃走了。
ssound:
Chn:vi.死亡;毁灭;腐烂;枯萎vt.使麻木;毁坏时态:perished, perishing, perishes毁灭 58%,腐烂 22%,消失 16%,使死亡 4%
origin:→记1: perish→per(=away)+ish(=is=it=to go)→togo away→to pass away→死 →记2: perish→shipper(n. 发货人)→发货人死了→参考: perishing(a. 致死的;令人难受的) 来自古法语 periss-, 来自拉丁语 perire, 走完, 走尽, 来自 per-, 穿过, 完全的, ire, 走, 行程, 词源同 exit, itinerary. 引申词义死亡, 毁灭. -iss, 分词格.v.丧生;凋谢;毁灭,消亡Many soldiers perished in the battle.许多士兵死于战场.【记】pe破,rish读:瑞士-瑞士是生活的地方,但破瑞士就不一样了,是死人的地方。【参】perishable(adj.容易腐烂的);perishing(adj.冻死人的;可憎的)【反】survive(v.幸存;生还)
dictionary:verb [ I ]uk/ˈper.ɪʃ/ us/ˈper.ɪʃ/ perish verb [ I ] DIE to die, especially in an accident or by being killed, or to be destroyed(尤指因事故或遇害)丧生,死亡;消亡;毁灭 Three hundred people perished in the earthquake.300人在此次地震中丧生。 He believes that Europe must create closer ties or it will perish.他认为整个欧洲必须建立更紧密的联系,否则就会灭亡。 perish verb [ I ] DECAY UK If material such as rubber or leather perishes, it decays and starts to break into pieces.(橡胶、皮革等)脆裂,老化 Sunlight has caused the rubber to perish.橡胶因暴露于阳光下而老化。 Idiom(s)perish the thought
Photo2:
compare: expire, pass away, perish, die, decease 这组词都有“死”的意思,其区别是: expire: 委婉用词。从本义“从肺部吐出气来”引申为吐出最后一口气,断气而死。 pass away: 是die的委婉用语。 perish: 书面用词,多指夭折或不幸暴亡。 die: 最普通用词,指某人或某物失去生命而永远不存在。 decease: 正式用词,多指法律上的用语。
Vocabulary:
Audio:[音频]
Audio2:
个人笔记:
catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:perpetual
Word:perpetual
Symbol:UK [pəˈpetʃuəl] US [pərˈpetʃuəl]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:This device is pretty close to a perpetual motion machine - the balls won't stop moving for a long time.这个设备很接近永动机了-这些球很长时间都不会停止运动。
ssound:
Chn:adj.永久的;不断的;四季开花的;无期限的永久的 55%,永恒的 43%,一再往复的 2%
origin:来自 perpetuate, 使持续.永久的(per+pet+ual)[pet=seek,表示"追寻,寻求"]a.永久的,永恒的,长期的The competent petitioner thinks the perpetual impetus is petty.有能力的请愿者认为永久的动力是细小的.【记】per全部,pet宠物,ual:全部宠物都是我们永远的朋友-永远的【反】evanescent(adj.短暂易逝的);intermittent(adj.间歇的);ephemeral(adj.短暂的);transitory(adj.短时间的)
dictionary:adjectiveuk/pəˈpetʃ.u.əl/ us/pɚˈpetʃ.u.əl/ continuing for ever in the same way永久的,永恒的;长期的 They lived in perpetual fear of being discovered.他们长期生活在恐惧中,担心被发现。 He has hard, cold eyes and his mouth is set in a perpetual sneer.他双眼又凶又冷,嘴角总是挂着一丝蔑笑。 a perpetual student终生学习者 often repeated不断重复的;永无休止的 perpetual vandalism对公共财物不断的蓄意破坏
Photo2:
compare: permanent, eternal, perpetual, everlasting, endless 这些形容词均有“持久的,永久的”之意。 permanent: 指总是处于相同的情况和地位,可长期持续下去,永久不变。 eternal: 语体较庄重,侧重指永远存在,无始无终。 perpetual: 语气最强,指保持永久不变,没有中断的行为,永无止境地持续下去。有时用于贬义,指令人厌烦之事。 everlasting: 语气较庄重,有时可与eternal换用,侧重持续不尽,或指开始后一直进行下去。 endless: 系日常用词,指无尽无休。
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catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:perplex
Word:perplex
Symbol:UK [pəˈpleks] US [pərˈpleks]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:The problem perplexes the woman; she is very confused.这个问题很费解;她好困惑。
ssound:
Chn:vt.使困惑,使为难;使复杂化时态:perplexed, perplexing, perplexes使困惑 46%,使复杂化 36%,使糊涂 18%
origin:per-, 完全的, -plex, 卷, 缠绕, 词源同 ply, complex. 引申词义使困惑.使复杂,迷惑(per从头到尾+plex→始终重叠→迷惑)[plex=fold,表示"重叠"]v.使困惑,使费解,使复杂化I'm perplexed by the flexible complex index of sex and age.我被灵活复杂的性别与年龄索引迷惑住了.
dictionary:verb [ T ]uk/pəˈpleks/ us/pɚˈpleks/ to confuse and worry someone slightly by being difficult to understand or solve使困惑,使茫然;使担忧 The disease has continued to perplex doctors.这种病仍然困扰着医生们。
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compare: puzzle, confound, bewilder, perplex, confuse, distract, embarrass, baffle 这组词都有“使困惑、迷惑、糊涂、伤脑筋”的意思,其区别是: puzzle: 侧重使人难于理解、困惑、伤脑筋。 confound: 常指人惊慌失措和狼狈不堪。 bewilder: 语气强烈,指因迷不解或惊愕而慌乱,不知所措,无法清醒地思考。 perplex: 除困惑外,还含焦虑或缺乏把握之意,因而难于作出决定,无从下手处理。 confuse: 语气较弱,指由于混淆、混乱而糊涂。 distract: 主要用于注意力分散、思想矛盾或过分激动时产生的昏乱。 embarrass: 常指因处境或困难问题而感到窘迫、局促不安或焦急而不知所措。 baffle: 语气最强,多指遇见奇怪情景或复杂困难情况时所产生的惶恐困惑心理。
Vocabulary:
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catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:perspective
Word:perspective
Symbol:UK [pəˈspektɪv] US [pərˈspektɪv]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:In correct perspective, all horizontal lines meet at a single point.在恰当的视角下,所有的水平线都交汇于一点。
ssound:
Chn:n.观点;远景;透视图adj.透视的透视 53%,看法 25%,远景 14%,透视的 8%
origin:→记1: perspective→per(=through)+spect(=tobehold 看)+ive→看透→透视画法→参考: respective(a. 各自的, 个别的)per-, 完全的, -spect, 看, 词源同 spectate, specter. 引申词义观点, 看法, 态度.透视的(per+spect看+ive→看透了→透视的)[per-①表示"贯穿,自始至终"②表示"假,坏"]看法;眼界;透视(per全部+spect+ive→全部看到→透视,看法)[spect,spic=look,see,表示"看"]n.透视画法,透视图;远景,前途;观点,看法The prospective inspector prospected his prospect with his own perspective.未来的检查员用自己的观点勘察的他的前景.
dictionary:nounuk/pəˈspek.tɪv/ us/pɚˈspek.tɪv/ perspective noun THOUGHT C1 [ C ] a particular way of considering something(思考问题的)角度,观点,想法 Her attitude lends a fresh perspective to the subject.她的态度为这一问题提供了新的视角。 He writes from a Marxist perspective.他从一个马克思主义者的视角进行写作。 Because of its geographical position, Germany's perspective on the situation in Russia is very different from Washington's.由于地理位置不同,德国对俄罗斯局势的看法与华盛顿大相径庭。get/keep sth in perspectiveC2 to think about a situation or problem in a wise and reasonable way恰当地估计;合理地评价;正确地看待 You must keep things in perspective - the overall situation isn't really that bad.你必须正确看待问题——总体局势还没那么糟糕。put sth in(to) perspectiveC2 to compare something to other things so that it can be accurately and fairly judged客观地比较;客观地审查 Total investments for this year reached $53 million, and, to put this into perspective, investments this year were double those made in 2013.今年的总投资额达到5300万美元,客观地来看,这是2013年的两倍。More examplesI'd like to get someone else's perspective on this.You're approaching the problem from a completely different perspective.In a few years he might have a different perspective.Why don't you think of this from a child's perspective?When my Mum died it gave me a whole new perspective on life. perspective noun ART [ U ] the way that objects appear smaller when they are further away and the way parallel lines appear to meet each other at a point in the distance透视(画)法 In 15th-century Italy, artists rediscovered the rules of perspective.在15世纪的意大利,艺术家们重新发现了透视规则。in perspective An object or person that is in perspective has the correct size and position in comparison with other things in the picture.透视比例正确的;有透视效果的out of perspective An object or person that is out of perspective does not have the correct size or position in comparison with other things in the picture, and therefore does not look real or natural.透视尺度失真的;比例(或位置)不当的
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catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:pessimistic
Word:pessimistic
Symbol:UK [ˌpesɪˈmɪstɪk] US [ˌpesɪˈmɪstɪk]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:The pessimistic man always expects the worst.这个悲观的人总是把什么都想得很糟。
ssound:
Chn:adj.悲观的,厌世的;悲观主义的悲观的 87%,悲观主义的 13%
origin:a.悲观(主义)的Don't be so pessimistic.别那样悲观.
dictionary:adjectiveuk/ˌpes.ɪˈmɪs.tɪk/ us/ˌpes.əˈmɪs.tɪk/ B2 thinking that bad things are more likely to happen or emphasizing the bad part of a situation悲观的 The tone of the meeting was very pessimistic.会议的气氛非常悲观。 The doctors are pessimistic (= not hopeful) about his chances of recovery.医生们对他康复的可能性表示悲观。
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catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:optimistic
Word:optimistic
Symbol:UK [ˌɒptɪˈmɪstɪk] US [ˌɑːptɪˈmɪstɪk]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:I really admire her optimistic attitude.我真的佩服她乐观的态度。
ssound:
Chn:adj.乐观的;乐观主义的乐观的 91%,乐观主义的 9%
origin:乐观的(optim+ist+ic)[optim=best,表示"最好"]a.乐观主义的The optional helicopter is adopted to help the optimistic helpless in the hell.可选用的直升飞机被用来帮助地狱里那些乐观的无助者.
dictionary:adjectiveuk/ˌɒp.tɪˈmɪs.tɪk/ us/ˌɑːp.təˈmɪs.tɪk/ B2 hoping or believing that good things will happen in the future乐观的 She is optimistic about her chances of winning a gold medal.她对赢得金牌很乐观。More examplesShe ended her speech on an optimistic note.The doctor said she was optimistic about the outcome of the operation but forbore to make any promises at this early stage.Earlier sales forecasts were overly optimistic.The treasurer has been taking a more optimistic view of economic recovery in his recent public pronouncements.It's a bit optimistic to expect a politician to tell you the unvarnished truth.
Photo2:
compare: hopeful, optimistic 这组词都有“充满希望的,乐观看”的意思,其区别是: hopeful: 着重有根据的希望,充满自信。 optimistic: 指性格乐观,对未来充满希望,有时抱有不切实际的幻想。
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catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:optimum
Word:optimum
Symbol:UK [ˈɒptɪməm] US [ˈɑːptɪməm]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:The machine is at optimum function.这台机器处在最佳时期。
ssound:
Chn:adj.最适宜的n.最佳效果;最适宜条件最佳的 53%,最适宜的 26%,最适宜 21%
origin:→记1: optimum→optim(a. 最好的)+um→最优的 来自拉丁语 optimum, 最优的, 最佳的, 可能来自 op, 选择, 词源同 option. -tim, 最高级后缀, 词源同 maximum, ultimate, intimate.(生物成长)最适宜的条件或环境(optim+um表示场地,如:museum博物馆)[optim=best,表示"最好"]a.最适宜的n.最适宜(条件)If you wait for the optimum moment to act, you may never begin your project.
dictionary:adjective [ before noun ]uk/ˈɒp.tɪ.məm/ us/ˈɑːp.tə.məm/ also optimal best; most likely to bring success or advantage最优的,最佳的;优化的 A mixture of selected funds is an optimum choice for future security and return on investment.同时选择几种基金是确保未来投资安全和投资收益的最佳选择。
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catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:option
Word:option
Symbol:UK [ˈɒpʃn] US [ˈɑːpʃ(ə)n]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:You have two options for lunch, pasta or pizza.午饭你有两种选择,要么吃意面,要么吃披萨。
ssound:
Chn:n.[计] 选项;选择权;买卖的特权选择权 84%,得到或获准进行选择 11%,可选物 5%
origin:来自拉丁语 optare, 选择, 来自 op, 选择, 词源同 opinion.选择(opt+ion)[Opt=choose,表示"选择"]n.选择(权),[商]选择买卖的特权We have the option of going or not.我们有去或不去的选择自由.
dictionary:nounuk/ˈɒp.ʃən/ us/ˈɑːp.ʃən/ B1 [ C or U ] one thing that can be chosen from a set of possibilities, or the freedom to make a choice选择,选项;选择权 The best option would be to cancel the trip altogether.最好的选择是彻底取消这次行程。 There are various options open to someone who is willing to work hard.愿意努力工作的人有多种选项。 They didn't leave him much option - either he paid or they'd beat him up.他们没有给他多少选择余地——要么付钱,要么挨揍。 [ C ] specialized finance & economics the right to buy something in the future期权;未来购买权UK a share option股票期权US a stock option股票期权 The publishers decided not to take up their option on the paperback version.出版商决定放弃平装版的购买权。have no option (but to do something)C1 to have to do a particular thing because there is no possibility of doing anything else别无选择(只能做…) After her appalling behaviour, we had no option but to dismiss her.鉴于她的恶劣行为,我们别无选择,只能解雇她。More examplesI think we should go for the safest option.They're considering separation as an option.Whichever option we choose there'll be disadvantages.The committee decided in favour of the cheapest option.The government has few options except to keep interest rates high. Idiom(s)have/keep your options open
Photo2:
compare: election, preference, choice, alternative, selection, option 这组词都有“选择”的意思,其区别是: election: 强调目的和达到目的判断能力。 preference: 侧重因偏见、爱好或判断等而进行选择。 choice: 侧重指自由选择的权利或特权。 alternative: 指在相互排斥的两者之间作严格的选择,也可指在两者以上中进行选择。 selection: 指作广泛的选择,着重选择者的识别力或鉴赏力。 option: 着重特别给予的选择权利或权力,所选物常常相互排斥。
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catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:optional
Word:optional
Symbol:UK [ˈɒpʃənl] US [ˈɑːpʃən(ə)l]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:Joining the tour is optional, so I think I will go on my own.既然参不参团看个人选择,那么我选自由行。
ssound:
Chn:adj.可选择的,随意的n.选修科目任选的 100%
origin:可任意选择的(option+al)[Opt=choose,表示"选择"]a.可以任选的,随意的,非强制的The optional helicopter is adopted to help the optimistic helpless in the hell.可选用的直升飞机被用来帮助地狱里那些乐观的无助者.
dictionary:adjectiveuk/ˈɒp.ʃən.əl/ us/ˈɑːp.ʃən.əl/ B2 If something is optional, you can choose if you want to do it, pay it, buy it, etc.可选择的;非强制的 English is compulsory for all students, but art and music are optional.英语是所有学生的必修课,而艺术和音乐则是选修的。More examplesSeat-belts are included as standard but electric windows are an optional extra.My phone came with 20 optional ringtones.Do come to the party - fancy dress is optional.There are several optional tours, for which there will be a small charge.The basic model is quite cheap, but there are a lot of optional extras.
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catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:organ
Word:organ
Symbol:UK [ˈɔːɡən] US [ˈɔːrɡən]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:Your body needs all these organs to survive.你的身体需要所有这些器官才能存活。
ssound:
Chn:n.[生物] 器官;机构;风琴;管风琴;嗓音器官 72%,风琴 16%,机构 9%,喉舌 2%,报刊 1%
origin:来自希腊语 organon, 工具, 乐器, 身体器官, 来自 werg, 工作, 做工, 词源同 work, ergative. 引申词义运行, 组织, 机构等.n.器官;机构,机关;风琴The original Organ Organization was originated with an original man.最初的风琴组织是由一个有创见的人发起的.
dictionary:nounuk/ˈɔː.ɡən/ us/ˈɔːr.ɡən/ organ noun BODY PART C1 [ C ] a part of the body of an animal or plant that performs a particular job(动植物的)器官 an external/internal/reproductive organ外部/内部/生殖器官 an organ donor/transplant器官捐赠者/移植More examplesHe sustained injuries to his arms, legs and several internal organs.Your ears, eyes, tongue, nose and skin are your sense organs.Transplantation of organs from living donors raises ethical issues. organ noun INSTRUMENT C2 [ C ] a musical instrument with a keyboard in which sound is produced by air being forced through pipes of different sizes and lengths when you press the keys with your hands or feet, or in which sound is produced electronically管风琴;电风琴 Electronic organs are much smaller and cheaper than pipe organs.电风琴比管风琴小得多,也便宜得多。 organ noun NEWSPAPER the organ of sth formal a newspaper or broadcasting station produced by a particular organization and giving only the opinions of that organization(某组织的)喉舌,宣传工具(指报纸或广播电台) The newspaper Pravda was the official organ of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union.《真理报》曾是苏联共产党的官方报纸。
Photo2:organ 2998 Musical Instruments[图片]Strings 1. piano 1a. keyboard 2. sheet music 3. ukulele 4. mandolin 5. banjo 6. harp 7. violin 7a. bow 8. viola 9. cello 10. bass 10a. string 11. guitar 11a. pickWoodwinds 12. piccolo 13. flute 14. bassoon 15. oboe 16. clarinetPercussion 17. tambourine 18. cymbals 19. drum 19a. drumsticks 20. conga 21. kettledrum 22. bongosBrass 23. trombone 24. saxophone 25. trumpet 26. French horn 27. tubaOther Instruments 28. accordion 29. organ 30. harmonica 31. xylophone
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个人笔记:
catalog:必考词
unit:1
voca:organic
Word:organic
Symbol:UK [ɔːˈɡænɪk] US [ɔːrˈɡænɪk]
Photo:[图片]
phosen:I hate studying organic chemistry, but I must if I want to become a doctor.我讨厌学有机化学,但如果我想成为一个医生的话,我就必须学。
ssound:
Chn:adj.[有化] 有机的;组织的;器官的;根本的有机的 40%,器官的 21%,有机物质 18%,根本的 12%,有组织的 6%,接近自然的 3%词性:形容词 93%, 名词 7%
origin:来自 organ, 运行, 器官, 组织机构. 即有组织运行的, 后用于指生物有机体, 引申词义有机的, 有机物的等.a.器官的;有机的;有机体的Liver is an organic part of human body.肝脏是人体一个有机的组成部分.
dictionary:adjectiveuk/ɔːˈɡæn.ɪk/ us/ɔːrˈɡæn.ɪk/ organic adjective NO CHEMICALS B2 not using artificial chemicals in the growing of plants and animals for food and other products有机的,不使用化肥的 organic food/fruit/farms/farmers有机食品/有机水果/实行有机栽培的农场/实行有机栽培的农民More examplesCheap organic food is still difficult to come by.These organic olives are packaged in recycled glass containers.Supermarkets have recognized the increasing popularity of organic food.The restaurant only uses organic ingredients.Sales of organic food have increased dramatically in recent years. organic adjective LIVING being or coming from living plants and animals生物的;有机物的 A quarter of the contents of an average family's dustbin is organic matter.一个普通家庭的垃圾桶里有1/4的东西是有机物质。 Oppositeinorganic formal (of a disease or illness) producing a physical change in the structure of an organ or part of the body(疾病)器质性的,器官的,官能的 organic adjective CARBON specialized chemistry (of a chemical substance) containing carbon(化学物质)有机的,含碳的 Organic chemicals are used in the manufacture of plastics, fibres, solvents and paints.有机化学物用于生产塑料、纤维、溶剂和油漆。
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