分布：exact[ɪgˈzækt]exacted, exacting, exactsCET4CET6TEM4考研GRETOEFLv1385289498143251150252j3363944620611944208011552206ADJ2122637410VERB1656019666Spoken:175324435exacting确切的(96%)，精密严谨的(4%)adj.准确的，精密的；精确的vt.要求；强求；急需vi.勒索钱财
中文释义：exact adjective /ɪɡˈzækt/ /ɪɡˈzækt/ correct in every detail精确的；准确的 synonym preciseThe new palace is an exact replica of the original building.It is an exact copy of the original document.The model is exact in every detail. For now they are keeping the exact date and location of the wedding a secret.The exact nature of her illness (= precisely what her illness is) has not been made public.Her second husband was the exact opposite of her first (= completely different).她的第二任丈夫与第一任截然不同。The colours were an almost exact match.She's in her mid-thirties—thirty-six to be exact.她三十五岁左右，确切地说是三十六岁。 (informal) I had the exact same problem as you when I first started.What were his exact words?他的原话是什么？A clear definition requires very exact wording.Nobody knows the exact number of people affected, but it is over 10 000. He started to phone me at the exact moment I started to phone him (= at the same time).他给我拨电话时，我也正好在给他拨电话。Extra ExamplesWe need to know the exact time the incident occurred.我们需要了解事情发生的确切时间。She gave an exact description of the attacker.她对袭击者的特征作了精确的描述。The two men were exact contemporaries at university. (of people人) very accurate and careful about details严谨的；严格的；一丝不苟的 synonym meticulous, preciseHe was very exact about everything he did. (of a science科学) using accurate measurements and following set rules精密的；严密的 synonym preciseAssessing insurance risk can never be an exact science.估定承保的风险永远不会成为一门精确的科学。 Word Originlate Middle English (as a verb): from Latin exact- ‘completed, ascertained, enforced’, from the verb exigere, from ex- ‘thoroughly’ + agere ‘perform’. The adjective dates from the mid 16th cent. and reflects the Latin exactus ‘precise’.exact verb /ɪɡˈzækt/ /ɪɡˈzækt/(formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they exact /ɪɡˈzækt/ /ɪɡˈzækt/ he / she / it exacts /ɪɡˈzækts/ /ɪɡˈzækts/ past simple exacted /ɪɡˈzæktɪd/ /ɪɡˈzæktɪd/ past participle exacted /ɪɡˈzæktɪd/ /ɪɡˈzæktɪd/ -ing form exacting /ɪɡˈzæktɪŋ/ /ɪɡˈzæktɪŋ/ exact something (from somebody) to demand and get something from somebody要求；索取She was determined to exact a promise from him.她决意要他作出许诺。No doubt they will exact payment in due course. to make something bad happen to somebody迫使；强迫；强求 exact something He exacted (= took) a terrible revenge for their treatment of him.他因受他们的虐待而痛加报复。 exact something from somebody Stress can exact a high price from workers (= can affect them badly).压力可能迫使工人付出昂贵的代价。 Word Originlate Middle English (as a verb): from Latin exact- ‘completed, ascertained, enforced’, from the verb exigere, from ex- ‘thoroughly’ + agere ‘perform’. The adjective dates from the mid 16th cent. and reflects the Latin exactus ‘precise’.
词源： exact 1 exact：精确的ex-, 向外。-act, 做，驱使，称量，词源同act, examine, exigent. 即称量的，精确要求的。 2 exact：确切的，精确的词根词缀： ex-出 + -act-行为(的结果) ←→ 事实,引申义：源于事实
辨析： correct, accurate, exact, true, right, precise 这组词都有“准确的，正确的”的意思，其区别是： correct: 最常用词，主要指按一定标准或规则来衡量，没有谬误和差错或无缺点错误。 accurate: 指通过谨慎的努力达到符合事实或实际，侧重不同程度的准确性，与事实无出入。 exact: 着重在质与量方面的准确，语气比accurate强。 true: 暗指绝对准确，尤指复制品与原件丝毫不差。 right: 使用广泛，可与这些词中的correct换用，但常暗示道德、理解、行动等方面的正确。 precise: 侧重极端准确，更强调细节的精确无误。
所在组：Word List 1