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共 315 张卡牌
以下是不经过排版的卡牌内容,非实际展示效果,仅用于了解记忆库中的内容
正面:01 在公众/中产阶级面对的……问题/挑战中,一个(不会)被提及的是……?
反面: Among the ... issues/problems/challenges facing the public/the middle class is one that will probably be (un)mentioned...? [用法] 用特殊疑问句引出一篇图画作文的主题。 [出处] Among the annoying challenges facing the middle class is one that will probably go unmentioned in the next presidential campaign: What happens when the robots come for their jobs? (2018年英语一阅读理解Part A Text 1) 中产阶级面临很多恼人的挑战,其中的一个在下次总统大选中可能不会被提到:如果机器人夺走了他们的工作,会发生什么呢? [拓展] Among the popular issues facing the public is one that will probably be mentioned in the picture: What happened to the Internet? 在公众面临的热门问题中,该图片可能涉及的一个问题是:互联网发生了什么?
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正面:02 随着……和……问题的出现,现在是时候评估下……
反面:02 随着……和……问题的出现,现在是时候评估下…… With..., and..., it is now a timely moment to assess ... [用法] 此句式用于介绍时代背景,引出文章的主题;assess后为目前需要做的事情。 [出处] With Britain voting to leave the European Union, and GDP already predicted to slow as a result, it is now a timely moment to assess what he was referring to. (2017年英语一阅读理解Part A Text 3) 随着英国进行公投决定退出欧盟以及由此导致的预期GDP增长放缓问题的出现,现在正是评价他这句话的最佳时刻。 [拓展] With China’s economy stepping into a “new normal” phase,and GDP already predicted to slow as a result, it is now a timely moment to assess what we should pursue in the spiritual and cultural life. 随着中国经济步入“新常态”阶段,以及预计国内生产总值的增长会因此放缓,现在是时候评估我们在精神和文化生活方面的追求了。
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正面:03 做……正日益成为正常生活的一种需求。
反面:03 做……正日益成为正常生活的一种需求。 Doing ... is increasingly a requirement of normal life. [用法] 此句式可用在现象类话题中,引出主题句。 [出处] But keeping sensitive information on these devices is increasingly a requirement of normal life. (2015年英语一阅读理解Part A Text 2) 但是,将敏感信息保存在电子设备上正日益成为正常生活的一种需求。 [拓展] Using electronic gadgets and keeping sensitive information on these devices are increasingly requirements of normal life. 使用电子产品及将敏感信息保存在这些设备上正日益成为正常生活的需求。
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正面:04 缺乏……存在于很多……之中,这令人担忧。
反面:04 缺乏……存在于很多……之中,这令人担忧。 Unsettling dearth of ... is across so many of ... [用法] 此句式可用于引出个人品质类话题的主题,放在首段首句。 [出处] Two years ago, Rupert Murdoch’s daughter, Elisabeth, spoke of the “unsettling dearth of integrity across so many of our institutions”. (2015年英语一阅读理解Part A Text 4) 两年前,鲁珀特·默多克的女儿伊丽莎白曾说过“我们的许多机构都存在诚信缺失的问题,这令人担忧”。 [拓展] Unsettling dearth of honesty and integrity is across so many of small businesses as well as large enterprises. 很多小公司甚至大企业都存在诚信缺失的问题,这令人担忧。
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正面:05 正如这里所表明的,……最明显的特点/缺陷/不足是……
反面:05 正如这里所表明的,……最明显的特点/缺陷/不足是…… The most glaring feature/flaw/imperfection of..., as it is presented here is that ... [用法] 此句式用于引出图画或图表的主题或者背景,可以具体表明图画或图表所要描述的部分。 [出处] The most glaring flaw of the social cure as it is presented here is that it does not work very well for very long. (2012年英语一阅读理解Part A Text 1) 正如这里所表明的,社会治疗最明显的缺陷是它的良好效果不能长期持续。 [拓展] The most glaring feature of the following drawing, as it is presented here is that environmental protection has become a global issue of common concern. 正如这里所表明的,下图最明显的特点是环境保护问题已经成为人们普遍关注的全球性问题。
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正面:06 在过去的……年中,……所发生的最具深远影响的变化可能就是……
反面:06 在过去的……年中,……所发生的最具深远影响的变化可能就是…… Of all the changes that have taken place in ... during the past..., perhaps the most far-reaching has been ... [用法] 此句式常用在作文第一句,交代背景,引出话题。表示在过去发生的变化中,某种主题或思想的影响最为深远。 [出处] Of all the changes that have taken place in English-language newspapers during the past quarter-century, perhaps the most far-reaching has been the inexorable decline in the scope and seriousness of their arts coverage. (2010年英语一阅读理解Part A Text 1) 在过去的25年中,英文报纸所发生的最具深远影响的变化可能就是文艺报道的范围势不可挡地被缩减,而且严肃性也在不断下降。 [拓展] Of all the changes that have taken place in the information technology during the past several years, perhaps the most far-reaching has been its effect on the way of interpersonal communication. 在过去的几年中,信息技术所发生的最具深远影响的变化可能就是它对人际交往方式的影响。
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正面:07 近几年,……发生了巨变,……去适应不断增长的……的数量。
反面:07 近几年,……发生了巨变,……去适应不断增长的……的数量。 ... have changed dramatically over the years, and ... to fit the growing numbers of ... [用法] 此句式用于说明近几年的趋势以及相应的变化,放在文章开头。and后面要补充完整的句子。该句式还需要注意单复数搭配的问题。 [出处] The bodies playing major professional sports have changed dramatically over the years, and managers have been more than willing to adjust team uniforms to fit the growing numbers of bigger, longer frames. (2008年英语一阅读理解Part A Text 3) 近几年,参加各种大型职业赛事的运动员的身材发生了巨大的变化,管理人员也非常乐意调整队服的尺寸以适应日益增多的更魁梧、更高大的身躯。 [拓展] People’s pursuit of spiritual life has changed dramatically over the years, and a large number of museums are established in our country to fit the growing numbers of visitors. 近几年,人们对精神生活的追求发生了巨大的变化,我国修建了很多博物馆来满足日益增多的参观者。
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正面:08 在上一代中,曾经的……已经被……改变了。
反面:08 在上一代中,曾经的……已经被……改变了。 During the past generation, ... have been transformed by ... [用法] 此句式用于引出社会背景,表明过去的某一个事实因为另一件事情的出现而发生了改变。该句式需要注意单复数搭配的问题。 [出处] During the past generation, the American middle-class family that once could count on hard work and fair play to keep itself financially secure has been transformed by economic risk and new realities. (2007年英语一阅读理解Part A Text 3) 在上一代中,美国那些曾经可以依靠辛勤劳动和公平竞争就能维持账务安全的中产阶级家庭被经济风险和新的现实状况改变了。 [拓展] During the past generation, the job hunter who once could count on a bachelor degree to land a well-paid position has been transformed by the rising number of highly educated graduates. 在上一代人中,那些曾经仅依靠本科学位就能获得高薪职位的求职者被高学历人才数量的激增改变了。
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正面:09 在过去的一个世纪里,……要么遭到谴责,要么被视为非法,但是有一种具有潜在危害的形式却继续存在/长盛不衰:……
反面:09 在过去的一个世纪里,……要么遭到谴责,要么被视为非法,但是有一种具有潜在危害的形式却继续存在/长盛不衰:…… Over the past century, ... have been condemned or made illegal. But one insidious form continues to thrive/exist: ... [用法] 此句式可放在作文开头,用于提供背景、引入主题。该句式需要注意单复数搭配的问题。注意本句式的负面感情色彩。 [出处] Over the past century, all kinds of unfairness and discrimination have been condemned or made illegal. But one insidious form continues to thrive: alphabetism. (2004年英语一阅读理解Part A Text 2) 在过去的一个世纪里,各种各样的不公和歧视要么遭到了谴责,要么被视为非法。但是有一种隐蔽的不公平现象却长盛不衰,那就是按字母顺序表排名的做法。 [拓展] Over the past century, all kinds of property thefts and infringements have been condemned or made illegal. But one insidious form continues to exist: the infringement of intellectual property. 在过去的一个世纪里,各种盗窃和侵权行为要么受到谴责,要么被视为非法。但是有一种隐蔽的不公平现象继续存在:对知识产权的侵犯。
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正面:10 在过去的……年里,……已经催生了一个(全新的)……
反面:10 在过去的……年里,……已经催生了一个(全新的)…… In the past ... years/decades, ... have given birth to a whole (new) ... [用法] 此句式可放在文章开头,起提供背景、引入主题的作用。该句式需要注意单复数搭配的问题。 [出处] In the past three or four years, the World Wide Web has given birth to a whole industry of point-and-click spying. (2003年英语一阅读理解Part A Text 1) 在过去的三四年里,万维网已经催生了点击谍报的完整行业。 [拓展] In the past three or four decades, the World Wide Web has given birth to a whole new mode of education: distance education, also known as online education. 在过去的三四十年里,万维网已经催生了一个全新的教育模式:远程教育,也被称为在线教育。
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正面:11 数百年来,人们一直在猜想一个没有/有……的未来。当下也是如此,……警告……
反面:11 数百年来,人们一直在猜想一个没有/有……的未来。当下也是如此,……警告…… People have speculated for centuries about a future without/with ... Today is no different, with ... warning that ... [用法] 该句式用于交代作文中事件发生的背景,同时引出主题,对作文主题的引出起到铺陈作用。该句式需要注意单复数搭配的问题。 [出处] People have speculated for centuries about a future without work. Today is no different, with academics, writers, and activists once again warning that technology is replacing human workers. (2017年英语二完形填空) 数百年来,人们一直在猜想一个无需工作的未来。当下也是如此,学者、作家和活动家们再次警告,技术正在取代人类劳动力。 [拓展] People have speculated for centuries about a future without desirable environment. Today is no different, with academics, writers, and activists once again warning that over-exploitation is threatening our planet. 数百年来,人们一直在猜想一个环境恶化的未来。当下也是如此,学者、作家和活动家们再次警告,过度开发正威胁着我们的星球。
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正面:12 在经济和人口结构巨变的背景下,……正在探索21世纪通向成功的道路。
反面:12 在经济和人口结构巨变的背景下,……正在探索21世纪通向成功的道路。 Against a backdrop of drastic changes in economy and population structure, ... are drawing a new 21st-century road map to success. [用法] 此句式用在文章开头,交代经济发展、人口增长的时代大背景,进而引出年轻人价值取向的文章主题。该句式需要注意单复数搭配的问题。 [出处] Against a backdrop of drastic changes in economy and population structure, younger Americans are drawing a new 21st-century road map to success , a latest poll has found. (2016年英语二阅读理解Part A Text 4) 最近的一次民意调查显示,在经济和人口结构巨变的背景下,年轻一代的美国人正在探索21世纪通向成功的道路。 [拓展] Against a backdrop of drastic changes in economy and population structure, younger Chinese are drawing a new 21st-century road map to success. 在经济和人口结构巨变的背景下,年轻一代的中国人正在探索21世纪通向成功的道路。
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正面:13 ……的概念至少可以追溯到……时期,而在……时期,人们对此现象的感受最为强烈。
反面:13 ……的概念至少可以追溯到……时期,而在……时期,人们对此现象的感受最为强烈。 The concept of ... is at least as old as..., but this phenomenon tends to be most acutely felt during ... [用法] 此句式用于引出主题。该句可灵活使用,既可用于引出正面主题,也可用于引出负面主题。 [出处] The concept of man versus machine is at least as old as the industrial revolution, but this phenomenon tends to be most acutely felt during economic downturns and fragile recoveries. (2014年英语二阅读理解Part A Text 3) 人机对抗的概念至少可以追溯到工业革命时期。而在经济衰退期和脆弱的复苏时期,人们对此现象的感受最为强烈。 [拓展] The concept of environmental protection is at least as old as industrial revolution, but this phenomenon tends to be most acutely felt during rapid economic growth. 环境保护的概念至少可以追溯到工业革命时期。而在经济快速发展的时期,人们愈发深刻地感受到环境保护的必要性。
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正面:14 当……谈及……时,焦点主要集中在……上;……却鲜有提及。
反面:14 当……谈及……时,焦点主要集中在……上;……却鲜有提及。 When ... talk about..., the focus is usually on...; ... be seldom mentioned. [用法] 该句式用于引出负面主题。该句式需要注意单复数搭配的问题。 [出处] When the government talks about infrastructure contributing to the economy the focus is usually on roads, railways, broadband and energy. Housing is seldom mentioned. (2014年英语二阅读理解Part A Text 4) 当政府谈及促进经济发展的基础设施时,通常着眼于公路、铁路、宽带和能源。而对住房却鲜有提及。 [拓展] When we talk about technologies, the focus is usually on efficiency, convenience, and advantages; The disadvantages are seldom mentioned. 当我们谈及科技时,焦点主要集中在效率、便利性和其优势上;其劣势却鲜有提及。
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正面:15 ……发生了什么?……就……展开了一系列的讨论。
反面:15 ……发生了什么?……就……展开了一系列的讨论。 Whatever happened to...? ... launched a round of talks about ... [用法] 该句式采用问句开头,比较新颖,可用于第一段引出文章主题。该句式需要注意时态问题。 [出处] Whatever happened to the death of newspaper? America’s Federal Trade commission launched a round of talks about how to save newspapers. (2011年英语二阅读理解Part A Text 2) 报纸的衰落到底经历了什么?美国联邦贸易委员会就如何挽救报业展开了一系列的讨论。 [拓展] Whatever happened to the Internet? These days, a great many people have launched a round of talks about the advantages and disadvantages of the Internet. 互联网究竟发生了什么?最近,很多人就互联网的利弊展开了一系列的讨论。
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