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单词:abandon
音标:[ə'bænd(ə)n]
词性1:
释义1:n. 狂热;放任 vt. 遗弃;放弃
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:Labour leader Ed Miliband urged Newcastle United to abandon plans to rename its ground.
例句翻译:
拓展:abandon ★★★☆☆1.VERB 动词离弃;遗弃;抛弃 If you abandon a place, thing, or person, you leave the place, thing, or person permanently or for a long time, especially when you should not do so. 【语法信息】:V n【语法信息】:V-edHe claimed that his parents had abandoned him...他声称父母遗弃了他。The road is strewn with abandoned vehicles.道路上满是弃置的车辆。2.VERB 动词中途放弃,中止(活动、工作等) If you abandon an activity or piece of work, you stop doing it before it is finished. 【语法信息】:V nThe authorities have abandoned any attempt to distribute food...当局中止了分发食物的尝试。The scheme's investors, fearful of bankruptcy, decided to abandon the project.因为担心破产,该计划的投资者决定放弃这个项目。3.VERB 动词放弃(想法或思路) If you abandon an idea or way of thinking, you stop having that idea or thinking in that way. 【语法信息】:V nLogic had prevailed and he had abandoned the idea.最终理智占了上风,他打消了那个念头。4.VERB 动词放纵;使沉湎于 If you abandon yourself to an emotion, you think about it a lot and feel it strongly, especially when other people might think you are wrong to do so. 【语法信息】:V pron-refl to nWe are scared to abandon ourselves to our feelings in case we seem weak or out of control.我们不敢放纵自己的情感,以免显得太过软弱或缺乏自制。5.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词放任;放纵 If you say that someone does something with abandon, you mean that they behave in a wild, uncontrolled way and do not think or care about how they should behave. 【搭配模式】:usu with N【语用信息】:disapprovalHe has spent money with gay abandon...他肆意挥霍钱财。Their permissiveness toward their children reflects the wild abandon of their own lives.他们对孩子的放任折射出他们自身生活的放浪形骸。6.See also:abandoned; 7.PHRASE 短语(船舶下沉时)弃船 If people abandon ship, they get off a ship because it is sinking. 【搭配模式】:v inflectsThe officers and crew prepared to abandon ship in an orderly fashion.全体船员秩序井然地准备弃船。
词组短语:
单词:abdomen
音标:['æbdəmən; æb'dəʊmən]
词性1:
释义1:n. 腹部;下腹;腹腔
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:The University of Chicago team injected ovarian cancer cells into the abdomen of healthy mice.
例句翻译:
拓展:abdomen ★☆☆☆☆1.N-COUNT 可数名词腹(部) Your abdomen is the part of your body below your chest where your stomach and intestines are. 【搭配模式】:oft poss N【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式He was suffering from pains in his abdomen.他感到腹部剧痛。
词组短语:
单词:abide
音标:[ə'baɪd]
词性1:
释义1:vt. 忍受,容忍;停留;遵守 vi. 持续;忍受;停留
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:Public institutions covered by public records laws are clearly unable to abide by such terms.
例句翻译:
拓展:abide ★☆☆☆☆1.PHRASE 短语See also:abiding;law-abiding;难以忍受;无法容忍 If you can't abide someone or something, you dislike them very much. 【搭配模式】:with brd-negI can't abide people who can't make up their minds...我受不了优柔寡断的人。She couldn't abide his success.她见不得他成功。相关词组:abide by
词组短语:
单词:ability
音标:[ə'bɪlɪtɪ]
词性1:
释义1:n. 能力,能耐;才能
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:My lack of seniority has not impeded my ability to communicate in any way.
例句翻译:
拓展:ability ★★★★☆1.N-SING 单数名词能力 Your ability to do something is the fact that you can do it. 【搭配模式】:N to-infThe public never had faith in his ability to handle the job...公众从来不相信他有能力胜任这一职位。He has the ability to bring out the best in others.他能做到扬人之长。2.N-VAR 可变名词才能;技能;本领 Your ability is the quality or skill that you have which makes it possible for you to do something. 【搭配模式】:oft with possHer drama teacher spotted her ability...她的戏剧老师发现了她的才能。I have confidence in the ability of the players...我对于球员们的能力充满信心。They repeatedly questioned his leadership abilities...他们一再质疑他的领导才能。Does the school cater for all abilities?学校能够做到因材施教吗?3.PHRASE 短语尽…所能地;竭尽全力地 If you do something to the best of your abilities or to the best of your ability, you do it as well as you can. I take care of them to the best of my abilities...我尽我所能地照顾他们。They tackled them to the best of their ability.他们竭尽全力给予解决。Usage Note :Do not confuse ability with capability and capacity. You often use ability to say that someone can do something well. He had remarkable ability as a musician. ...the ability to bear hardship. A person's capability is the amount of work they can do and how well they can do it. ...a job that was beyond the capability of one man. ...the director's ideas of the capability of the actor. If someone has a particular capacity, a capacity for something, or a capacity to do something, they have the qualities required to do it. Capacity is a more formal word than ability. ...their capacity for hard work. ...his capacity to see the other person's point of view.不要混淆 ability, capability 和 capacity。ability 常用于表示某人将某件事做好的能力:He had remarkable ability as a musician(他拥有杰出的音乐才华),the ability to bear hardship(承受苦难的能力)。capability 指某人所能完成的工作量以及所能达到的工作质量:a job that was beyond the capability of one man(个人力所不及的工作),the director's ideas of the capability of the actor(导演对于这个演员演技的看法)。capacity指做成某件事所需的素质, 用法比 ability 更加正式,例如 their capacity for hard work(他们能吃苦耐劳),his capacity to see the other person's point of view(他领会他人观点的能力)。
词组短语:
单词:able
音标:['eɪb(ə)l]
词性1:
释义1:adj. 能;[经管] 有能力的;能干的 n. (Able)人名;(伊朗)阿布勒;(英)埃布尔
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:The League wants to be able to oppose any maneuver that goes against our interests.
例句翻译:
拓展:able ★★★★★1.PHR-MODAL 情态动词短语(因具有品质或技能)能做到…的 If you are able to do something, you have skills or qualities which make it possible for you to do it. The older child should be able to prepare a simple meal...那个年纪稍大的孩子应当会做一顿简单的饭菜。The company say they're able to keep pricing competitive...该公司说他们能够使定价保持竞争力。They seemed able to work together very efficiently.他们看来能很有效率地合作。2.PHR-MODAL 情态动词短语(因有足够的自由、权力、时间、财力等而)可以…的,能够…的 If you are able to do something, you have enough freedom, power, time, or money to do it. You'll be able to read in peace...你就能安心地读书了。Have you been able to have any kind of contact?...你联系上了吗?It would be nice to be able to afford to retire earlier.无后顾之忧而能提早退休当是件幸事。3.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词聪明能干的;能力出众的 Someone who is able is very clever or very good at doing something. ...one of the brightest and ablest members of the government...政府里最聪明能干的成员之一They are bright, intelligent, able and confident.他们聪明又智慧,能干又自信。Usage Note :Note that able and capable are both used to say that someone can do something. When you say that someone is able to do something, you mean that they can do it either because of their knowledge or skill, or because it is possible. He wondered if he would be able to climb over the rail... They were able to use their profits for new investments. Note that if you use a past tense, you are saying that someone has actually done something. We were able to reduce costs. When you say that someone is capable of doing something, you mean either that they have the knowledge and skill to do it, or that they are likely to do it. The workers are perfectly capable of running the organization themselves... She was quite capable of falling asleep. You can say that someone is capable of a particular feeling or action. He's capable of loyalty... Bowman could not believe him capable of murder. You can also use 'capable of' when talking about what something such as a car or machine can do. The car was capable of 110 miles per hour. If you describe someone as able or capable, you mean that they do things well. He's certainly a capable gardener.注意,able和capable都用来表示某人能做某事。able 既可表示因拥有某种知识或技能而能做某事,也可表示客观可能:He wondered if he would be able to climb over the rail (他不知自己能否攀过栏杆),They were able to use their profits for new investments (他们得以将利润用于再投资)。要注意的是,如果用过去时,则表示实际做了该事:We were able to reduce costs (我们做到了降低成本)。capable既可表示具有做某事的技能或知识,也可表示做某事有较大的可能性:The workers are perfectly capable of running the organization themselves (工人完全能够自己管理这个机构),She was quite capable of falling asleep (她很容易睡着)。capable 还可表示具有某种情感或能够做出某一行为:He's capable of loyalty (他能做到忠心耿耿),Bowman could not believe him capable of murder (鲍曼无法相信他会杀人)。capable亦用于指汽车、机器等的性能:The car was capable of 110 miles per hour (这辆车时速可达110英里)。able或capable形容人时表示“有能力的”、“能力强的”:He's certainly a capable gardener (他绝对是一名能干的园丁)。4. →see usage note at:can
词组短语:
单词:abnormal
音标:[æb'nɔːml]
词性1:
释义1:adj. 反常的,不规则的;变态的
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:An arteriovenous (AV) fistula is an abnormal connection between an artery and a vein.
例句翻译:
拓展:abnormal ★☆☆☆☆1.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词反常的;异常的;不规则的 Someone or something that is abnormal is unusual, especially in a way that is worrying. 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式...abnormal heart rhythms and high anxiety levels.心律不齐和高度焦虑...a child with an abnormal fear of strangers.过于认生的小孩abnormally...abnormally high levels of glucose...异常高的葡萄糖水平This stops the cells from growing abnormally.这阻止了细胞畸形发育。
词组短语:
单词:aboard
音标:[ə'bɔːd]
词性1:
释义1:adv. 在飞机上;[船] 在船上;在火车上 prep. 在…上
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:He was aboard an observation plane behind the Enola Gay, not on board the Enola Gay.
例句翻译:
拓展:aboard ★★☆☆☆1.PREP 介词在(船、飞机等)上 If you are aboard a ship or plane, you are on it or in it. 【搭配模式】:ADV after vShe invited 750 people aboard the luxury yacht, the Savarona...她邀请了750人乘坐豪华游艇“萨瓦罗纳”号。They said goodbye to him as he got aboard the train at Union Station.当他在联合火车站登上火车之际,他们向他道别。Aboard is also an adverb.It had taken two hours to load all the people aboard...花了两个小时才让所有乘客都上了船。The United States has a naval task force offshore, with two thousand marines aboard.美国在近海驻有海军特遣部队,船上共两千名海军陆战队官兵。
词组短语:
单词:abolish
音标:[ə'bɒlɪʃ]
词性1:
释义1:vt. 废除,废止;取消,革除
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:Amnesty International welcomed the ruling and called for the Nigerian Government to abolish the death penalty.
例句翻译:
拓展:abolish ★★☆☆☆1.VERB 动词废除,废止(制度、习俗等) If someone in authority abolishes a system or practice, they formally put an end to it. 【语法信息】:V nThe following year Parliament voted to abolish the death penalty for murder...议会于翌年表决对谋杀罪废除死刑。The whole system should be abolished.整个制度应该被废除。
词组短语:
单词:abound
音标:[ə'baʊnd]
词性1:
释义1:vi. 富于;充满
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:Stories abound of its strategic, chess-player maneuvering of prey and of its extraordinary stealth.
例句翻译:
拓展:abound ★☆☆☆☆1.VERB 动词大量存在;盛产;充足 If things abound, or if a place abounds with things, there are very large numbers of them. 【语法信息】:V【语法信息】:V with/in n【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式Stories abound about when he was in charge...关于他在任时的传闻多不胜数。Venice abounds in famous hotels...威尼斯有许多知名的酒店。The book abounds with close-up images from space.这本书里有大量拍自太空的特写照片。
词组短语:
单词:about
音标:[ə'baʊt]
词性1:
释义1:prep. 关于;大约 adj. 在附近的;四处走动的;在起作用的 adv. 大约;周围;到处 n. 大致;粗枝大叶;不拘小节的人 n. (About)人名;(法)阿布
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:Training with a group of wannabe wrestlers he looked about fit to drop and genuinely scared.
例句翻译:
拓展:about ★★★★★In addition to the uses shown below, about is used after some verbs, nouns, and adjectives to introduce extra information. About is also often used after verbs of movement, such as ‘walk’ and ‘drive’, and in phrasal verbs such as ‘mess about’ and ‘set about’, especially in British English.除下列用法外,about可用在一些动词、名词和形容词后引出附加信息。about还常用在walk, drive等表示动作的动词后或mess about,set about 等短语动词中,这类情况尤见于英国英语。1.PREP 介词关于;对于;涉及;在…方面 You use about to introduce who or what something relates to or concerns. She came in for a coffee, and told me about her friend Shona...她进来喝了杯咖啡,并向我谈起了她的朋友肖纳。She knew a lot about food...她对食物很在行。He never complains about his wife.他从不抱怨妻子。...advice about exercise and diet...关于锻炼和饮食的建议2.PREP 介词包含;目的是;为了 When you mention the things that an activity or institution is about, you are saying what it involves or what its aims are. Leadership is about the ability to implement change.领导才能就是要有实施变革的能力。3.PREP 介词对…表示(情绪或心态) You use about after some adjectives to indicate the person or thing that a feeling or state of mind relates to. 'I'm sorry about Patrick,' she said...“我为帕特里克感到难过,”她说。I feel so guilty and angry about the whole issue.我对整件事深感内疚和气愤。4.PREP 介词针对(问题) If you do something about a problem, you take action in order to solve it. Rachel was going to do something about Jacob...蕾切尔将对雅各布有所行动。He said he'd ask Nina for a divorce, but he never did anything about it.他说会跟尼娜提出离婚,可是他却从未付诸实际。5.PREP 介词(某人或某事物)具有(某种特性) When you say that there is a particular quality about someone or something, you mean that they have this quality. There was a warmth and passion about him I never knew existed...他身上有一股我从不知道的热情和激情。I think there's something a little peculiar about the results of your test.我认为你的化验结果有点不对劲。6.ADV 副词大约;左右 About is used in front of a number to show that the number is not exact. 【搭配模式】:ADV numIn my local health centre there's about forty parking spaces...我们本地的保健中心约有40个停车位。The rate of inflation is running at about 2.7 percent.通货膨胀率大约为2.7%。7.ADV 副词四下;到处 If someone or something moves about, they keep moving in different directions. 【搭配模式】:ADV after v【搭配模式】:v PREP nEveryone was running about.大家都在跑来跑去。About is also a preposition.From 1879 to 1888 he wandered about Germany, Switzerland, and Italy...从1879到1888年,他游历于德国、瑞士和意大利等地。His hair was drifting about his shoulders like dirty snow.他的头发像脏兮兮的雪一样披散在肩上。8.PREP 介词围绕;环绕 If you put something about a person or thing, you put it around them. Helen threw her arms about him...海伦张开双臂拥抱他。She was elegantly dressed with a double strand of pearls about her neck.她着装典雅,搭配着一条双层珍珠项链。9.ADJ 形容词在手头的;现成的;能得到的 If someone or something is about, they are present or available. 【搭配模式】:v-link ADJThere's lots of money about these days for schemes like this.近来这类计划资金充足。10.ADJ 形容词即将(做…)的;快要(发生…)的 If you are about to do something, you are going to do it very soon. If something is about to happen, it will happen very soon. 【搭配模式】:v-link ADJ to-infI think he's about to leave...我看他要走了。Argentina has lifted all restrictions on trade and visas are about to be abolished...阿根廷已经取消所有贸易限制,签证制也将废止。The film was about to start.电影快开场了。11. how about→see: how; what about→see: what; just about→see: just; Usage Note :When you are talking about movement in no particular direction, you can use around and round as well as about. It's so romantic up there, flying around in a small plane... I spent a couple of hours driving round Richmond... Police constables walk about with guns on their hips. When you are talking about something being generally present or available, you can use around or about, but not round, as adverbs. There is a lot of talent around at the moment... There are not that many jobs about.Round has a lot of other meanings, as a noun, verb, and adjective which you can see at the entry for round. You cannot use about in these cases.表示没有明确方向的移动,可用around, round 和about: It's so romantic up there, flying around in a small plane(坐着小型飞机在空中翱翔真浪漫),I spent a couple of hours driving round Richmond(我花了几个小时驱车漫游里士满),Police constables walk about with guns on their hips.(警员们胯上别枪四处巡逻)。表示某物就在手头或能够获得,可用around或about作副词, 但不可用round: There is a lot of talent around at the moment(目前有大量现成人才),There are not that many jobs about(可供选择的工作并不多)。round 作名词、动词和形容词有许多其他意思,参见round词条;在这些情况下不可用around。12.PHRASE 短语(尤指一段时间无法自由行动后)四处走动,外出活动 If someone is out and about, they are going out and doing things, especially after they have been unable to for a while. 【搭配模式】:usu PHR after vDespite considerable pain she has been getting out and about almost as normal...尽管还很痛,她已经基本上行动如常。The regulations were relaxed and the prisoners could get out and about a bit.规定有所放宽,犯人可以出去短暂放风。13.PHRASE 短语(常因工作)奔波 If someone is out and about, they are going to a lot of different places, often as part of their job. 【搭配模式】:usu PHR after vThey often saw me out and about.他们经常看见我四处奔波。
词组短语:
单词:above
音标:[ə'bʌv]
词性1:
释义1:prep. 超过;在……上面;在……之上 adv. 在上面;在上文 adj. 上文的 n. 上文
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:It is Mozart's adult lifework however that puts him head and shoulders above the rest.
例句翻译:
拓展:above ★★★★☆1.PREP 介词在…上方;高于 If one thing is above another one, it is directly over it or higher than it. 【搭配模式】:from ADVHe lifted his hands above his head...他将双手举过头顶。Apartment 46 was a quiet apartment, unlike the one above it...和它楼上的那间不同,46号公寓很安静。He was staring into the mirror above him.他盯着在他上方的镜子。Above is also an adverb.A long scream sounded from somewhere above.从上面什么地方传来一声长长的尖叫。...a picture of the new plane as seen from above...这架新飞机的俯视图There are five bedrooms, a large attic above, and wine cellars below.有5间卧室,顶层是一个宽敞的阁楼,底下是酒窖。2.ADV 副词上述;在上文 In writing, you use above to refer to something that has already been mentioned or discussed. 【搭配模式】:ADV after v【搭配模式】:the N【搭配模式】:ADJ nSeveral conclusions could be drawn from the results described above...从上文描述的结果中可以得出几个结论。Full details are in the table above.详细信息请见上文表格。Above is also a noun.For additional information, contact any of the above.如需更多信息,可与以上任何一处联系。Above is also an adjective.For a copy of their brochure, write to the above address.欲索取其宣传册,请写信至以上地址。3.PREP 介词(数量或度量)在…以上,超过 If an amount or measurement is above a particular level, it is greater than that level. The temperature crept up to just above 40 degrees...温度攀升至40度出头。Victoria Falls has had above average levels of rainfall this year...维多利亚瀑布今年的降雨量超过了平均水平。These plants must be stored in the light at above freezing temperature...这些植物必须放置于零度以上光照充足的地方。Government spending is planned to rise 3 per cent above inflation.政府开支拟订高出通货膨胀3个百分点。Above is also an adverb.Banks have been charging 25 percent and above for unsecured loans.银行对于没有担保的贷款一直收取25%或更高的费用。4.PREP 介词(声音)比…更响亮,盖过 If you hear one sound above another, it is louder or clearer than the second one. ...trying to talk above the noise...努力使说话声高过噪音Then there was a woman's voice, rising shrilly above the barking.接着,一个女人的尖厉声音盖过了犬吠声。5.PREP 介词(社会地位或权威)高于 If someone is above you, they are in a higher social position than you or in a position of authority over you. I know you're above me socially, but I must say I find your attitude offensive...我明白你的社会地位比我高,但我得说我觉得你的态度很粗鲁。I married above myself — rich county people...我高攀了一门亲事,是县里的富有人家。Look at the people above you in the positions of power and see what type of characters they are.审视一下权位高于你的那些人,看他们具有哪种类型的性格。Above is also an adverb.The policemen admitted beating the student, but said they were acting on orders from above.警察承认打过这名学生,但说他们只是奉命行事。6.PHRASE 短语自视过高;妄自尊大 If you say that someone is getting above themself, you disapprove of them because they think they are better than everyone else. 【搭配模式】:V inflects【语用信息】:disapproval【语域标签】:BRIT 英I just think you're getting a little bit above yourself.我只是觉得你变得有点自视过高。7.PREP 介词(因自视甚高)不屑于 If you say that someone thinks they are above something, you mean that they act as if they are too good or important for it. 【语用信息】:disapprovalThis was clearly a failure by someone who thought he was above failure...这显然是认为自己根本不会失败的人所遭遇的一次失败。I'm not above doing my own cleaning.我很乐意自己做扫除。8.PREP 介词不会受到(批评或怀疑);超乎…之所及 If someone is above criticism or suspicion, they cannot be criticized or suspected because of their good qualities or their position. 【搭配模式】:v-link PREP nThe Queen remains above criticism, apart from the issue of her tax liability...抛开她的纳税义务不谈,女王一直无可指摘。He was a respected academic and above suspicion.他是位受人尊敬的学者,根本没有嫌疑。9.PREP 介词比…更重要;胜过;优于 If you value one person or thing above any other, you value them more or consider that they are more important. ...his tendency to put the team above everything...他把这个团队看得比什么都重要的倾向I want to be honest, honest above everything else.我想要做到诚实,一切以诚实为上。10. over and above→see: over; above the law→see: law; above board→see: board; Usage Note :Above and over are both used to talk about position and height. If something is higher than something else and the two things are imagined as being positioned along a vertical line, you can use either above or over. He opened a cupboard above the sink... She leaned forward until her face was over the basin. However, if something is higher than something else but the two things are regarded as being wide or horizontal rather than tall or vertical, you have to use above. The trees rose above the row of houses. Above and over are both used to talk about measurements, for example, when you are talking about a point that is higher than another point on a scale. Any money earned over that level is taxed. ...everybody above five feet eight inches in height. You use over to say that a distance or period of time is longer than the one mentioned. ...a height of over twelve thousand feet... Our relationship lasted for over a year. Above and over are also both used to talk about people's rank or importance. You use above to talk about people who are more important and in a higher position than other people. ...behaving as if she was in a position above the other staff. If someone is over you, they give orders or instructions to you. ...an officer in authority over him.above和over均可表示位置和高度。若一物高于另一物,且两者可设想成处于同一垂直线上,则两词都可用:He opened a cupboard above the sink(他打开水池上方的碗柜),She leaned forward until her face was over the basin(她俯身向前,把脸凑到了脸盆上方)。当一物高于另一物,但两者宽而不高,或存在水平而非垂直关系,则须用above:The trees rose above the row of houses(树木矗立在那排房屋的边上)。above和over都可表示度量,例如表示一点在标度上高于另一点:Any money earned over that level is taxed(超过这一标准的收入都要纳税),everybody above five feet eight inches in height(所有身高超过5英尺8英寸的人)。over可用于距离、时间的比较:a height of over twelve thousand feet(超过1.2万英尺的高度),Our relationship lasted for over a year(我们的关系持续了一年多)。above和over都可指人的级别和重要性。above用于表示比他人重要和地位较高者:behaving as if she was in a position above the other staff(表现得好像她比其他员工职位高似的)。over用于表示某人有权下命令或指令:an officer in authority over him(一位军阶在他之上的军官)。
词组短语:
单词:abroad
音标:[ə'brɔːd]
词性1:
释义1:adv. 在国外;到海外 adj. 往国外的 n. 海外;异国
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:That ministry is charged, among other things, with selling Japanese technology (including nuclear technology) abroad.
例句翻译:
拓展:abroad ★★★☆☆1.ADV 副词到国外;在国外 If you go abroad, you go to a foreign country, usually one which is separated from the country where you live by an ocean or a sea. 【搭配模式】:ADV after vI would love to go abroad this year, perhaps to the South of France.我今年很想出国,可能是去法国南部。...public opposition here and abroad...国内外公众的反对He will stand in for Mr Goh when he is abroad...吴先生出国时由他代替。About 65 per cent of its sales come from abroad.大约65%的销量来自国外。2.ADV 副词在四下流传;广为流传地 If there is a story or feeling abroad, people generally know about it or feel it. 【搭配模式】:n ADVThere'll still be a feeling abroad that this change has to be recognised.人们还会普遍觉得这项变革早晚得接受。
词组短语:
单词:abrupt
音标:[ə'brʌpt]
词性1:
释义1:adj. 生硬的;突然的;唐突的;陡峭的
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:Most analysts expect China to achieve a "soft landing" and avoid an abrupt downturn.
例句翻译:
拓展:abrupt ★★☆☆☆1.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词突然的,意外的(常指令人不快的改变或行为) An abrupt change or action is very sudden, often in a way which is unpleasant. Rosie's idyllic world came to an abrupt end when her parents' marriage broke up...父母婚姻的破裂使得罗茜田园诗般美好的世界陡然画上了句号。The recession brought an abrupt halt to this happiness...经济衰退让这幸福戛然而止。His abrupt departure is bound to raise questions.他的拂袖而去必然会招来很多疑问。abruptlyHe stopped abruptly and looked my way.他突然停下,朝我看过来。2.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词(言语)粗鲁的,唐突的,鲁莽的 Someone who is abrupt speaks in a rather rude, unfriendly way. He was abrupt to the point of rudeness...他的唐突已到了无礼的地步。Cross was a little taken aback by her abrupt manner.她鲁莽的态度让克罗斯感到有点吃惊。abruptly'Good night, then,' she said abruptly.“那么,晚安,”她生硬地说道。abruptnessI think Simon was hurt by your abruptness this afternoon.我觉得你下午的粗鲁行为对西蒙造成了伤害。
词组短语:
单词:absence
音标:['æbs(ə)ns]
词性1:
释义1:n. 没有;缺乏;缺席;不注意
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:But even in its absence, condition number two is beginning to obtain in the United States.
例句翻译:
拓展:absence ★★★☆☆1.N-VAR 可变名词不在;缺席 Someone's absence from a place is the fact that they are not there. 【搭配模式】:with supp...a bundle of letters which had arrived for me in my absence...我不在期间寄给我的一大堆信件Eleanor would later blame her mother-in-law for her husband's frequent absences.埃莉诺过后会因丈夫经常不在家而责怪婆婆。2.N-SING 单数名词缺乏;不存在 The absence of something from a place is the fact that it is not there or does not exist. 【搭配模式】:with suppThe presence or absence of clouds can have an important impact on heat transfer...有无云层对热量的传递会产生重要的影响。In the absence of a will the courts decide who the guardian is.在没有遗嘱的情况下,由法庭指定监护人。3.See also:leave of absence; conspicuous by one's absence→see: conspicuous;
词组短语:
单词:absent
音标:['æbs(ə)nt]
词性1:
释义1:adj. 缺席的;缺少的;心不在焉的;茫然的 vt. 使缺席
词性2:
释义2:
发音:[音频]
例句:Why do you think the Record Companies are so silent and absent from this debate?
例句翻译:
拓展:absent ★★☆☆☆The adjective and preposition are pronounced /'æbsənt/. The verb is pronounced /æb'sent/. 形容词和介词读作 /'æbsənt/。动词读作 /æb'sent/。1.ADJ 形容词不在的;缺席的 If someone or something is absent from a place or situation where they should be or where they usually are, they are not there. 【搭配模式】:usu v-link ADJHe has been absent from his desk for two weeks...他已经有两个星期没有坐在办公桌前了。The pictures, too, were absent from the walls...那些画也不在墙上了。Any soldier failing to report would be considered absent without leave and punished accordingly.士兵若未报到将被视为擅离职守而受处分。2.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词出神的;心不在焉的 If someone appears absent, they are not paying attention because they are thinking about something else. 'Nothing,' Rosie said in an absent way.“没什么,”罗茜心不在焉地说。absentlyHe nodded absently.他漫不经心地点了点头。3.ADJ 形容词(父或母)不与子女一起住的 An absent parent does not live with his or her children. 【搭配模式】:ADJ n...absent fathers who fail to pay towards the costs of looking after their children.那些不在子女身边、未能支付抚养费的父亲4.VERB 动词使不在,使离开(本应在或通常在的地方) If someone absents themselves from a place where they should be or where they usually are, they do not go there or they do not stay there. 【语法信息】:V pron-refl from n【语法信息】:V pron-refl【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式She was old enough to absent herself from the lunch table if she chose...她长大了,可以自己做主不来吃午餐了。He pleaded guilty before a court martial to absenting himself without leave.在军事法庭上他对自己擅离职守表示服罪。5.PREP 介词若没有;假设没有 If you say that absent one thing, another thing will happen, you mean that if the first thing does not happen, the second thing will happen. 【语域标签】:AM 美【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式Absent a solution, people like Sue Godfrey will just keep on fighting.假如得不到解决,像休·戈弗雷这样的人就会一直坚持斗争下去。
词组短语:
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