大学 / 英语
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半暖时光 发布时间:2020-12-22 14:09:57
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英美音标:英 [əˌbriːvi'eɪʃn] 美 [əˌbriːvi'eɪʃn]
英语例句:(1) All abbreviations are to be written out.(2) UK is the abbreviation of the United Kingdom.(3) English abbreviation is seen everywhere now.
中文例句:(1) 所有的缩写都要完整地写出来(2) UK是大不列颠联合王国的缩写。(3) 英语缩略语的使用已遍及社会生活的各个领域。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-7e32199e-82bd3af4-93d02470-83ca3ded-42721742.mp3]
英美音标:英 [ə'baɪd] 美 [ə'baɪd]
英语例句:(1) Everyone must abide by the law.(2) Once you make a promise, you must abide by it.(3) She can't abide that man.(4) I cannot abide the loud noise anymore.
中文例句:(1) 所有的人都应遵守法律。(2) 一旦你许诺,你必须遵守你的诺言。(3) 她不能忍受那个人。(4) 我再也无法忍受这么大的噪音。
vocabulary简明:Abide means to be able to live with, or stand. If you can't abide with something, it means you can't stand it. If you can abide it, it means you can live with it.
vocabulary扩展:An old definition of abide is 'to live'––think of abode, as in dwelling. If you abide by the rules, it means you live with them, and you will follow them. If you can't abide your sister's shrill violin playing, it means you can't live with it, you can't be in the house when she's practicing. You abide something you don't like, like your teacher's long stories about math. It's not a pleasant experience, but what choice do you have?
柯林斯解释:1[PHRASE 短语]See also:abiding;law-abiding;难以忍受;无法容忍 If you can't abide someone or something, you dislike them very much.   [with brd-neg]I can't abide people who can't make up their minds...我受不了优柔寡断的人。She couldn't abide his success.她见不得他成功。相关词组:abide by
英语发音: [sound:youdao-eef13372-80e08f1d-172ac852-b611b15d-5ebcdd32.mp3]
英美音标:英 [ə'bɒlɪʃ] 美 [ə'bɑːlɪʃ]
英语例句:(1) Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery in the United States.(2) There are many bad customs and laws that ought to be abolished.(3) They petitioned the government to abolish hanging.(4) The legislature passed a law to abolish the surtax.(5) The weapons of war must be abolished before they abolish us.
中文例句:(1) 亚伯拉罕·林肯在美国废除了奴隶制。(2) 有许多不良的习俗和法规应予以废除。(3) 他们向政府请愿,要求废除绞刑。(4) 立法机关通过了一项废除附加税的法令。(5) 在作战武器消灭我们以前,我们应先把它消灭。
vocabulary简明:To abolish is to get rid of or annul. So when the principal yells at you for the 100th time for not having your shirt tucked in, it's safe to wish they'd just abolish the silly dress code.
vocabulary扩展:The word abolish might stir up some historical connotations, since in the U.S. it's commonly associated with bringing an end to slavery. In fact, those who opposed slavery were called "abolitionists." Coming to us from the Latin word abolere, meaning to "destroy, cause to die out, or retard the growth of," these days abolish is used bring a final and official-sounding end to laws, codes and other non-crowd pleasing practices.
柯林斯解释:1[VERB 动词]废除,废止(制度、习俗等) If someone in authority abolishes a system or practice, they formally put an end to it.   [V n]The following year Parliament voted to abolish the death penalty for murder...议会于翌年表决对谋杀罪废除死刑。The whole system should be abolished.整个制度应该被废除。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-ce6b3faa-96b766e3-4bd11b11-09c8fca3-00731cc8.mp3]
英美音标:英 ['æbsənt] 美 ['æbsənt]
英语例句:(1) Professor Li is absent, I will take the lesson in the place of him.(2) Many students were absent, notably the monitor.(3) You should not be absent from class.(4) Before such experiments, humans thought language skills were absent from the animal kingdom.(5) Why did you absent yourself from school yesterday?
中文例句:(1) 李教授不在,我替他上课。(2) 许多学生缺席,特别是连班长也没来。(3) 你不应当旷课。(4) 在做这些实验前,人们认为动物王国缺乏语言技能。(5) 昨天你为何不到校?
vocabulary简明:Absent means not there. If you absent yourself from class, you're marked as absent. If you have an absent parent, it means they don't live with you or take part in your care.
vocabulary扩展:Absent can also describe a state of mind, meaning "not all there" or "lost in thought." If you are absent from class on a test day, you will have to explain your absence, unless your teacher is so absent minded she forgets and just gives you an A.
柯林斯解释:The adjective and preposition are pronounced /'æbsənt/. The verb is pronounced /æb'sent/. 形容词和介词读作 /'æbsənt/。动词读作 /æb'sent/。1[ADJ 形容词]不在的;缺席的 If someone or something is absent from a place or situation where they should be or where they usually are, they are not there.   [usu v-link ADJ]He has been absent from his desk for two weeks...他已经有两个星期没有坐在办公桌前了。The pictures, too, were absent from the walls...那些画也不在墙上了。Any soldier failing to report would be considered absent without leave and punished accordingly.士兵若未报到将被视为擅离职守而受处分。2[ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词]出神的;心不在焉的 If someone appears absent, they are not paying attention because they are thinking about something else. 'Nothing,' Rosie said in an absent way.“没什么,”罗茜心不在焉地说。absentlyHe nodded absently.他漫不经心地点了点头。3[ADJ 形容词](父或母)不与子女一起住的 An absent parent does not live with his or her children.   [ADJ n]...absent fathers who fail to pay towards the costs of looking after their children.那些不在子女身边、未能支付抚养费的父亲4[VERB 动词]使不在,使离开(本应在或通常在的地方) If someone absents themselves from a place where they should be or where they usually are, they do not go there or they do not stay there.   [V pron-refl from n]  [V pron-refl]  [FORMAL 正式]She was old enough to absent herself from the lunch table if she chose...她长大了,可以自己做主不来吃午餐了。He pleaded guilty before a court martial to absenting himself without leave.在军事法庭上他对自己擅离职守表示服罪。5[PREP 介词]若没有;假设没有 If you say that absent one thing, another thing will happen, you mean that if the first thing does not happen, the second thing will happen.   [AM 美]  [FORMAL 正式]Absent a solution, people like Sue Godfrey will just keep on fighting.假如得不到解决,像休·戈弗雷这样的人就会一直坚持斗争下去。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-268968dc-c9a5cb00-f3f05359-1856a85b-0ffbc328.mp3]
英美音标:英 [əb'sɔːpʃn] 美 [əb'sɔːrpʃn]
英语例句:(1) Exercise can promote absorption of nutrients by the body.(2) I really appreciate his complete absorption in his work.(3) He painted the lid of the piano with absorption.
中文例句:(1) 运动可以促进身体吸收营养。(2) 我很欣赏他对工作的极端专注。(3) 他专心致志地油漆着钢琴盖。
vocabulary简明:Absorption describes the process of absorbing or soaking up something: Sponges are good at water absorption; dark colors are better for heat absorption.
vocabulary扩展:Because the words absorption and absorb are so closely related, there's a tendency for people to try to spell absorption with a second B instead of a P, but don't fall for it. Remembering the correct spelling is going to take total absorption in studying — meaning you'll have to be totally focused and occupied with learning it.
柯林斯解释:1[N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词](液体、气体等的)吸收 The absorption of a liquid, gas, or other substance is the process of it being soaked up or taken in.   [oft N of n]This controls the absorption of liquids...这控制着液体的吸收。Vitamin C increases the absorption of iron from food.维生素C促进食物中铁的吸收。2[N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词]合并;兼并;同化 The absorption of a group into a larger group is the process of it becoming part of the larger group.   [usu with poss]Two new camps were readied for the absorption of refugees.为收容难民又备好了两个新营地。3[N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词]专注;着迷 Someone's absorption in something is the fact that they are very interested in it and that it takes up all their attention and energy.   [poss N in/with n]He was struck by the artists' total absorption in their work.他被艺术家对创作的全身心投入所打动。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-3f4b046f-dae52369-1808f3e6-ddd36186-4f2b48bb.mp3]
英美音标:英 ['æbstrækt] 美 ['æbstrækt]
英语例句:(1) We may talk of beautiful things, but beauty itself is abstract.(2) He has some abstract notion of wanting to change the world.(3) Abstract paintings did not appeal to him.(4) The whole text of the abstract shall contain not more than 300 Chinese characters.(5) They are trying to abstract iron from ore.(6) There is a plan to abstract 8 million gallons of water from the river.(7) She tried to abstract my attention from my work.
中文例句:(1) 我们尽可谈论美的事物,然而美本身却是抽象的。(2) 他有一种要改造世界的空想。(3) 抽象派绘画引不起他的兴趣。(4) 摘要文字部分不得超过300个字。(5) 他们正试图从矿石中提取铁。(6) 有一个从这条河中抽取800万加仑水的计划。(7) 她企图转移我对工作的注意力。
vocabulary简明:Use the adjective abstract for something that is not a material object or is general and not based on specific examples.
vocabulary扩展:Abstract is from a Latin word meaning "pulled away, detached," and the basic idea is of something detached from physical, or concrete, reality. It is frequently used of ideas, meaning that they don't have a clear applicability to real life, and of art, meaning that it doesn't pictorially represent reality. It is also used as a noun, especially in the phrase "in the abstract" (a joke has a person laying down a new sidewalk saying "I like little boys in the abstract, but not in the concrete"), and as a verb (accented on the second syllable), meaning "to remove."
柯林斯解释:The adjective and noun are pronounced /'æbstrækt/. The verb is pronounced /æb'strækt/. 形容词和名词读作 /'æbstrækt/。动词读作 /æb'strækt/。1[ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词]抽象的;纯概念的 An abstract idea or way of thinking is based on general ideas rather than on real things and events. ...abstract principles such as justice...正义等抽象原则It's not a question of some abstract concept.这不是某个抽象概念的问题。...the faculty of abstract reasoning.抽象推理的能力abstractlyIt is hard to think abstractly in these conditions.在这样的情况下进行抽象思维很困难。2[PHRASE 短语]大体上;理论上;抽象地 When you talk or think about something in the abstract, you talk or think about it in a general way, rather than considering particular things or events.   [PHR with cl/group]Money was a commodity she never thought about except in the abstract.钱对她来说就是个抽象的东西,她从不去想钱。3[ADJ 形容词](名词)抽象的,表示抽象概念的 In grammar, an abstract noun refers to a quality or idea rather than to a physical object.   [ADJ n]...abstract words such as glory, honor, and courage.抽象名词,如光荣、荣耀和勇气4[ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词](艺术)抽象(派)的 Abstract art makes use of shapes and patterns rather than showing people or things.   [usu ADJ n]...a modern abstract painting.一幅现代派抽象画5[N-COUNT 可数名词]抽象派艺术作品 An abstract is an abstract work of art. 6[N-COUNT 可数名词]摘要;梗概 An abstract of an article, document, or speech is a short piece of writing that gives the main points of it.   [oft N of n]7[VERB 动词]提取;抽取;摘取 If you abstract something from a place, you take it from there.   [V n from n]  [Also V n]  [FORMAL 正式]...a licence to abstract water from the River Axe...从阿克斯河中抽水的许可证The author has abstracted poems from earlier books.作者从以前的书中摘取了一些诗作。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-dd6a41be-1d3815d2-136559c8-59a81c0d-a9aac0b4.mp3]
英美音标:英 [əb'sɜːd] 美 [əb'sɜːrd]
英语例句:(1) He finally recovered from an absurd infatuation.(2) We have no intention of lying down under these absurd allegations.(3) It was absurd of you to suggest such a thing.(4) He looked absurd in that get-up.(5) It is absurd to argue from these premises.(6) The proposal borders on the absurd.(7) The pleading with Nora is beyond absurd.
中文例句:(1) 他终于从荒唐的迷恋中醒悟过来。(2) 对这些荒谬的指控我们是不甘受辱的。(3) 你居然建议这样的事,太可笑了。(4) 他穿著那套衣服看上去怪模怪样的。(5) 凭这些前提议论是不合理的。(6) 该提议近乎可笑。(7) 向诺拉好言相求真是荒唐得无以复加。
vocabulary简明:Something absurd is really silly, absolutely ridiculous, or total nonsense. Thinking you can wear flip flops and a bikini to the North Pole is an absurd idea, for example.
vocabulary扩展:If you run into someone dressed in an absurd outfit or watch a movie full of absurd jokes, you'll probably have a good laugh. But find yourself dealing with the absurd; you'll likely be stuck in a depressing existential crisis. The absurd describes a state of being where human life has no purpose and everything is completely irrational.
柯林斯解释:1[ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词]荒谬的;荒唐的;不合理的 If you say that something is absurd, you are criticizing it because you think that it is ridiculous or that it does not make sense.   [oft it v-link ADJ to-inf/that]  [the N]  [disapproval]  [FORMAL 正式]It is absurd to be discussing compulsory redundancy policies for teachers...讨论针对教师的强制裁员政策真是滑稽可笑。I've known clients of mine go to absurd lengths, just to avoid paying me a few pounds...我知道我的一些客户就为了少付我几英镑,可谓无所不用其极。That's absurd.那非常荒谬。The absurd is something that is absurd.荒诞的事物;悖理的东西Parkinson had a sharp eye for the absurd.帕金森对于荒诞不经的事一眼即明。absurdlyPrices were still absurdly low, in his opinion...在他看来,价格依然低得离谱。Absurdly, it makes shoppers overpay farmers to grow too much food.荒谬的是,这样会使得购物者支付过多的钱让农民去种太多的粮食。absurdityI find myself growing increasingly angry at the absurdity of the situation.对如此荒谬可笑的情况我感到越来越生气。...the absurdities of fashionable childcare methods.时下流行的滑稽可笑的育婴法
英语发音: [sound:youdao-38ea72be-8f6d4f9a-fa72be7b-1738883a-317c9b94.mp3]
英美音标:英 [ə'bʌndəns] 美 [ə'bʌndəns]
英语例句:(1) At the party there is food and drink in abundance.(2) This country has an abundance of natural resources.(3) There was an abundance of corn last year.(4) Carpets are available in abundance.(5) The apple tree yields an abundance of fruit.(6) Medicinal herbs grow in abundance in the forest.
中文例句:(1) 宴会中有丰富的食物和饮料。(2) 这个国家拥有丰富的天然资源。(3) 去年玉米丰收。(4) 可供地毯货源充足。(5) 这棵苹果树结果甚多。(6) 这片森林里盛产药材。
vocabulary简明:To have an abundance of something is to have more than you need. It's often used to describe positive qualities, such as "an abundance of love."
vocabulary扩展:Abundance is the opposite of scarcity. An abundance of wealth is a ton of cash. An abundance of friends sounds like a good thing, but it can get overwhelming when it comes to scheduling time to hang out or buying gifts. This noun comes from to us from the mid-14th century French, via the Latin abundantia, meaning "fullness, plenty."
柯林斯解释:1[N-SING-COLL 单数集合名词]大量;丰富;充足 An abundance of something is a large quantity of it.   [usu N of n]The area has an abundance of wildlife...这片地区有丰富的野生动植物。Food was in abundance.食品充足。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-c3311c9a-587d1707-efbe4837-e68647aa-7b3d7da9.mp3]
英美音标:英 [ək'sesəri] 美 [ək'sesəri]
英语例句:(1) He asked me to buy him some accessories for a car.(2) Every item shall include a standard complement of accessories and special tools to ensure the normal operation.(3) This silk scarf is the perfect accessory for stylish summer evenings.(4) He is Tom's accessory.(5) He was charged with being an accessory to murder.(6) He was using his accessory muscles of respiration.(7) He was made accessory to the crime.
中文例句:(1) 他让我给他买些汽车附件。(2) 为保证设备的正常运转,每个品目都应包括一套标准定额的附件和专用工具。(3) 这条丝绸围巾对于这个时髦的夏日夜晚,是再合适不过的配件了。(4) 他是汤姆的帮凶。(5) 他被控为谋杀罪的从犯。(6) 他在用呼吸辅助肌进行呼吸。(7) 他被利用同谋犯罪。
vocabulary简明:Whether we're talking about a fog light for your boat or just a nice hat to go with your boating outfit, an accessory is something you add to something else to make it better.
vocabulary扩展:An accessory can be any piece of clothing that you wear or carry as long as it isn't part of the main outfit. You can also use the word to refer to someone who helps someone else commit a crime. So the guy who distracted the old lady while another guy grabbed her purse? He was the accessory to the theft of an accessory.
柯林斯解释:1[N-COUNT 可数名词]附件;配件;附属物 Accessories are items of equipment that are not usually essential, but which can be used with or added to something else in order to make it more efficient, useful, or decorative.   [usu pl]...an exclusive range of hand-made bedroom and bathroom accessories.独家经营的一系列手工卧室和浴室配件2[N-COUNT 可数名词](衣服的)配饰(如腰带、围巾等) Accessories are articles such as belts and scarves which you wear or carry but which are not part of your main clothing.   [usu pl]3[N-COUNT 可数名词]同谋;帮凶;从犯 If someone is guilty of being an accessory to a crime, they helped the person who committed it, or knew it was being committed but did not tell the police.   [usu N to n]  [LEGAL 法律]She was charged with being an accessory to the embezzlement of funds.她被指控为这起挪用公款案的从犯。4[ADJ 形容词]附属的;辅助的;非主要的 You can use accessory to describe something which is part of an activity or process, but not the most essential or important part of it.   [usu ADJ n]  [FORMAL 正式]Forster established the essentiality of minerals as accessory food factors required for maintaining life.福斯特证实了矿物质作为辅助食物因子在维持生命方面的重要性。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-fbb3950b-9220525e-8a8b493f-c4186d49-89c998cd.mp3]
英美音标:英 [ə'kɔːd] 美 [ə'kɔːrd]
英语例句:(1) His words are in accord with his ideas.(2) Their views were found to be in perfect accord.(3) Your behavior is not in accord with your principle.(4) Our information does not accord with his reports.(5) He was accorded a warm welcome.(6) We should accord the President the proper deference.(7) The mayor will try to accord the controversy over the housing scheme.
中文例句:(1) 他心口一致。(2) 人们发现他们的意见是完全一致的。(3) 你的行为与你的原则不符。(4) 我们所了解的情况与他的报告不一致。(5) 他受到热烈的欢迎。(6) 我们应给予总统恰当的尊重.(7) 市长试图调解住房规划方面的争议。
vocabulary简明:If you clean your room of your own accord, your parents will be pleased—it means you did it without having to be asked. They might even accord you an extra privilege. Warring nations make peace accords.
vocabulary扩展:A Honda Accord is a nice, agreeable car, and the word accord is all about agreement, or unity. If a whole class begs with one accord to postpone a quiz for a day to allow more review, the teacher is more likely to listen than if it was just one student asking.
柯林斯解释:1[N-COUNT 可数名词](国家、团体之间的正式)协定,协议,条约 An accord between countries or groups of people is a formal agreement, for example to end a war.   [usu with supp]...a fitting way to celebrate the peace accord.庆祝和平协定的恰当的方式2[VERB 动词]使受到,给予(某种待遇) If you are accorded a particular kind of treatment, people act towards you or treat you in that way.   [be V-ed n]  [V n n]  [V-ed]  [Also V n to n]  [FORMAL 正式]His predecessor was accorded an equally tumultuous welcome...他的前任受到了同样热烈的欢迎。The government accorded him the rank of Colonel...政府授予他上校军衔。The treatment accorded to a United Nations official was little short of insulting.联合国官员所受到的这种待遇几近羞辱。3[VERB 动词](与…)一致,符合 If one fact, idea, or condition accords with another, they are in agreement and there is no conflict between them.   [V with n]  [FORMAL 正式]Such an approach accords with the principles of socialist ideology.这种方法与社会主义意识形态的原则相符。...scientific evidence that did not fully accord with the facts uncovered by the police.与警方所掌握的情况不完全一致的科学证据4See also:according to; 5[PHRASE 短语](与…)一致;(与…)相符 If one person, action, or fact is in accord with another, they are in agreement and there is no conflict between them. You can also say that two people or things are in accord.   [v-link PHR]  [FORMAL 正式]...this military action, taken in accord with United Nations resolutions...依据联合国决议而采取的本次军事行动Old enemies can become new friends even if all their national interests are not in complete accord.即使国家利益不尽相同,他们也可以化敌为友。6[PHRASE 短语]自动地;不借助外力地 If something happens of its own accord, it seems to happen by itself, without anyone making it happen.   [PHR after v]In many cases the disease will clear up of its own accord.这种病很多情况下会自愈。7[PHRASE 短语]自愿地;主动地 If you do something of your own accord, you do it because you want to, without being asked or forced.   [PHR after v]He did not quit as France's prime minister of his own accord.他辞去法国总理职务并非出于自愿。8[PHRASE 短语]一致地;一致同意地 If a number of people do something with one accord, they do it together or at the same time, because they agree about what should be done.   [LITERARY 文]With one accord they turned and walked back over the grass.他们步调一致地转身走过草坪。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-f2b820e8-cf5c3400-673a58f8-7fe89db6-890588ee.mp3]
英美音标:英 [ək'nɒlɪdʒ] 美 [ək'nɑːlɪdʒ]
英语例句:(1) We acknowledged the need for reform.(2) Please acknowledge this cheque as soon as you receive it.(3) We hope you can acknowledge your mistake in public.(4) We are sending you some money in acknowledgement of your valuable help.
中文例句:(1) 我们承认改革的需要。(2) 收到该支票后,请立即告知。(3) 希望你当众认错。(4) 我们送些酬劳,对您的大力协助聊表谢意。
vocabulary简明:To show that you know something is to acknowledge it. Waving "hello" to acknowledge a friend and nodding your head "yes" to acknowledge that you agree with what's being said are both acts showing knowledge or acceptance of someone or something.
vocabulary扩展:Dictionaries acknowledge that the word acknowledge has roots in the 15th and 16th centuries and is a combination of roots meaning "accord," "recognize," and "understand." Whereas "knowledge" is what you know, acknowledging is showing that you know. You might acknowledge that the world is round and that the moon is not made of cheese. You also can acknowledge, or give recognition, to the people who discovered these truths.
柯林斯解释:1[VERB 动词]承认(事实、局面等) If you acknowledge a fact or a situation, you accept or admit that it is true or that it exists.   [V that]  [V n]  [V-ed]  [Also V n to-inf]  [FORMAL 正式]Naylor acknowledged, in a letter to the judge, that he was a drug addict...内勒在给法官的信中承认自己吸毒。Belatedly, the government has acknowledged the problem...政府迟迟才承认了该问题。There is an acknowledged risk of lung cancer from radon.氡被认为有诱发肺癌的危险。2[VERB 动词]公认,认可(某人的成就、地位、品质等) If someone's achievements, status, or qualities are acknowledged, they are known about and recognized by a lot of people, or by a particular group of people.   [be V-ed as n]  [V n]  [Also V n to-inf]He is also acknowledged as an excellent goalkeeper...他也被公认为是一名出色的守门员。Some of the clergy refused to acknowledge the new king's legitimacy.一部分神职人员拒绝承认新国王的合法地位。3[VERB 动词]告知(信函等)的收到;确认…收悉 If you acknowledge a message or letter, you write to the person who sent it in order to say that you have received it.   [V n]The army sent me a postcard acknowledging my request.军队寄给我一张明信片告知我的申请书已收到。4[VERB 动词](以点头、微笑等)向…打招呼,理会 If you acknowledge someone, for example by moving your head or smiling, you show that you have seen and recognized them.   [V n]He saw her but refused to even acknowledge her.他看见了她,却连招呼也不打。5[VERB 动词](对掌声、赞扬、好意等作出姿态表示)感谢 If you acknowledge someone's applause, compliments, or kindness you make a gesture in order to thank them or show your appreciation.   [V n]  [V n with n]Doran stuck his head out of the window to acknowledge the cheering...多兰将头探出窗户向欢呼的人们致谢。She never even acknowledged the man who opened the door for her...她对为自己开门的男士甚至连一点表示都没有。He acknowledged the applause with a small bow.他微微地鞠了一躬表示对掌声的感谢。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-f55b7b77-60b63400-30e5af31-ada73356-78ae86d3.mp3]
英美音标:英 [ə'kweɪnt] 美 [ə'kweɪnt]
英语例句:(1) We should first try to acquaint ourselves with the facts.(2) These books acquaint Chinese readers with the ancient cultures of these lands.(3) You must acquaint yourself with your new duties.(4) Please acquaint him with my arrival.
中文例句:(1) 我们先要想法了解事实。(2) 这些书帮助中国读者了解这些地区的古代文化。(3) 你必须熟悉自己的新职务。(4) 请通知他我到了。
vocabulary简明:When you acquaint yourself with something, you familiarize yourself with it. When you visit a new city, you should acquaint yourself with the layout of the streets so you don’t get lost.
vocabulary扩展:You can also acquaint yourself with another person, by introducing yourself and getting know them. When you see the moving truck pull in across the street, you might want to run over and acquaint yourself with your new neighbors. The word acquaint comes via French from the Latin accognoscere, which is made up of ad- “to,” or “toward,” and cognoscere “come to know.”
柯林斯解释:1[VERB 动词]See also:acquainted;使认识;介绍;使了解 If you acquaint someone with something, you tell them about it so that they know it. If you acquaint yourself with something, you learn about it.   [V n with n]  [V pron-refl with n]  [FORMAL 正式]...efforts to acquaint the public with their rights under the new law...为使公众熟悉新法律所赋予的权利而作出的努力I want to acquaint myself with your strengths and weaknesses.我想知道你有哪些长处以及不足。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-4b86de4b-d7230cdd-b9d230f4-994672f1-17c5603e.mp3]
英美音标:英 ['ækʃn] 美 ['ækʃn]
英语例句:(1) After the security incident, you should create an action report that includes three simple goals.(2) The government finally took some actions because the public had been pressing for inquiry into the question.(3) The medicine will not take action until two hours later.(4) The action lasted three hours and caused great casualties.(5) In Scene 1, the action takes place in an expensive restaurant.(6) The action took place in a seaside village.(7) She had a fine action while dancing ballet.(8) Finally she had to file an action for divorce.(9) The action of your heart is perfect.
中文例句:(1) 这次安全事故后,你要撰写一个包括三个简单目标的活动报告。(2) 由于公众一再坚持调查这一问题,政府终于采取了一些措施。(3) 这药在两小时後才会起作用。(4) 战斗持续了三个小时,造成了大量人员伤亡。(5) 在第一个场景中,故事情节在一家昂贵的餐厅展开。(6) 这个故事发生在海边的一个渔村里。(7) 她跳芭蕾舞的时候姿态非常优美。(8) 最后她只好提出离婚诉讼。(9) 你心脏的机能非常好。
vocabulary简明:An action is a thing that is done, and not merely thought or spoken about. Possible actions could range from blinking to invading a country.
vocabulary扩展:Action comes from agere, the Latin verb meaning "to do." Legal action is the initiation of a lawsuit to demand your rights. In war, a soldier working in the kitchen is on cooking duty, while the soldier on the frontline sees a lot of action. Action movies are so called because they are full of fast-paced sequences. If you are sitting on your couch, mulling over your lack of exercise, maybe it's time to take action.
柯林斯解释:1[N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词]行动;措施 Action is doing something for a particular purpose.   [usu with supp]The government is taking emergency action to deal with a housing crisis...政府正采取紧急措施解决住房危机。What was needed, he said, was decisive action to halt what he called these savage crimes.他说,当务之急就是采取果断行动制止他所称的“这些野蛮罪行”。2[N-COUNT 可数名词]所做之事;行为 An action is something that you do on a particular occasion. As always, Peter had a reason for his action...一如往常,彼得对自己的行为总有说辞。Jack was the sort of man who did not like his actions questioned.杰克是那种不喜欢别人质疑自己行为的人。3[N-COUNT 可数名词]诉讼;起诉 To bring a legal action against someone means to bring a case against them in a court of law.   [LEGAL 法律]Two leading law firms are to prepare legal actions against tobacco companies.两家很有名的律师事务所准备向烟草公司提起诉讼。...a libel action brought by one of France's bureaucrats.由法国的一名官员提起的诽谤诉讼4[N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词](化学物质产生的)作用,效果 The action of a chemical is the way in which it works, or the effects that it has. Her description of the nature and action of poisons is amazingly accurate.他对一些毒药的性质和作用的描述惊人地准确。5[N-SING 单数名词]激动人心(或重要)的大事 The action is all the important and exciting things that are happening in a situation.   [the N]  [INFORMAL 非正式]Hollywood is where the action is now.好莱坞如今风头正盛。6[N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词]战斗;作战 The fighting which takes place in a war can be referred to as action .   [oft in N]Leaders in America have generally supported military action...美国领导人普遍支持采取军事行动。13 soldiers were killed and 10 wounded in action.战斗中有13名士兵阵亡,10名士兵受伤。7[ADJ 形容词](电影)情节惊险刺激的;动作(片)的;动作片中的 An action movie is a film in which a lot of dangerous and exciting things happen. An action hero is the main character in one of these films.   [ADJ n]Stallone wants to break away from his action-hero image.史泰龙想要摆脱动作明星的形象。8[VERB 动词]处理 If you action something that needs to be done, you deal with it.   [be V-ed]  [usu passive]  [BUSINESS 商]Documents can be actioned, or filed immediately.文件可被立即处理或归档。9[PHRASE 短语](因受伤或损坏)不能工作,失去作用,无法运转 If someone or something is out of action, they are injured or damaged and cannot work or be used.   [v-link PHR]He's been out of action for 16 months with a serious knee injury...由于膝部严重受伤,他已停工16个月。They were trapped after the lifts went out of action.电梯出现故障,他们被困在里面了。10[PHRASE 短语](通常为了赚钱或提高影响力)插手,参与 If someone wants to have a piece of the action or a slice of the action, they want to take part in an exciting activity or situation, usually in order to make money or become more important. Holiday spots have seen a dramatic revival and tourist chiefs are competing for a slice of the action.各个度假点重又呈现出一派兴旺景象,旅游业的龙头老大们都在争着分一杯羹。11[PHRASE 短语]把…付诸实践 If you put an idea or policy into action, you begin to use it or cause it to operate.   [V inflects]They have learned the lessons of business management theory, and put them into action.他们不仅学习了商业管理理论方面的课程,并且学以致用。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-f5057558-29c4893f-ddc381b3-19f8191f-55a9d6f3.mp3]
英美音标:英 [əd'hɪə(r)] 美 [əd'hɪr]
英语例句:(1) They failed to adhere to our original agreement.(2) We should adhere to our opinions.(3) We adhere to the principle stand of marxism.(4) The new paint won't adhere to the walls so I'll have to strip it all off and start from scratch.(5) Paste is used to make one surface adhere to another.
中文例句:(1) 他们未能遵守我们原定的协议。(2) 我们应当坚持我们的意见。(3) 我们坚持马克思主义思想原则。(4) 新涂的油漆粘不住墙壁,因此我得把它全部刮掉,重新刷过。(5) 糨糊是用于使一个接触面粘住另一个接触面的。
vocabulary简明:If you don't want monkey droppings to adhere to the sole of your shoe, watch where you’re walking. Maybe if you'd adhere, or stick to, the zoo rules and stay on the walking path, you wouldn't have to worry about it.
vocabulary扩展:Adhere is from the 15th-century French verb meaning "to stick." Things that are sticky will adhere, or attach, to surfaces and stay there, whether you want them to or not; in other words, they're adhesive, an adjective that comes from the same Latin source as the French verb. When a person chooses to adhere to something, it is more of a choice to stick with it or agree to abide by rules or guidelines. You can also adhere by being loyal, as when you adhere to the high moral standards or behavior expected of some organization.
柯林斯解释:1[VERB 动词]遵守,遵循(规定或协议) If you adhere to a rule or agreement, you act in the way that it says you should.   [V to n]All members of the association adhere to a strict code of practice...协会的所有成员都遵守一套严格的行为规范。She adhered to the strict Islamic dress code.她恪守伊斯兰教严格的着装规定。2[VERB 动词]支持,拥护,持有(观点或信仰) If you adhere to an opinion or belief, you support or hold it.   [V to n]He urged them to adhere to the values of Islam which defend the dignity of man.他鼓励他们坚守伊斯兰教维护人类尊严的价值观。3[VERB 动词]黏附;附着 If something adheres to something else, it sticks firmly to it.   [V to n]  [V adv/prep]  [Also V]Small particles adhere to the seed...小颗粒牢牢附着在种子上。This sticky compound adheres well on this surface.这种黏性的化合物能牢牢地粘在这个表面上。
英语发音: [sound:youdao-8ac6a9b9-7733285a-48041df1-87c08623-ebed24a2.mp3]
英美音标:英 [ə'dʒeɪsnt] 美 [ə'dʒeɪsnt]
英语例句:(1) The house adjacent to ours has been sold.(2) His house is adjacent to mine.(3) The planes landed on adjacent runways.(4) The island of Cuba is adjacent to Florida.
中文例句:(1) 与我们家邻接的房子已经售出。(2) 他的寓所与我的相毗连。(3) 这些飞机在毗连的跑道上降落。(4) 古巴岛接近佛罗里达。
vocabulary简明:Adjacent means close to or near something. You may consider the people up and down your street to be neighbors, but your next door neighbor is the person who lives in the house or apartment adjacent to yours.
vocabulary扩展:Adjacent can refer to two things that touch each other or have the same wall or border. And the adjective is often followed by the preposition to: Her office is adjacent to mine. This word is from Latin adjacere "to lie near," from the prefix ad- "to" plus jacere "to lie, throw."
柯林斯解释:1[ADJ 形容词]邻近的;毗连的 If one thing is adjacent to another, the two things are next to each other.   [oft ADJ to n]He sat in an adjacent room and waited...他坐在隔壁房间里等候。The schools were adjacent but there were separate doors.这些学校紧挨着,但各自独门独户。...offices adjacent to the museum.紧靠着博物馆的办公室
英语发音: [sound:youdao-1d5a5256-32eadd0b-2eb5ad0a-e98a2ee5-630df0b2.mp3]
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